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Emerging global partnership: Brazil and China

Haibin,Niu
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 EN
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The Lula era has witnessed a changing bilateral strategic partnership between China and Brazil, having the interlocutions between both countries became more substantial, comprehensive and influential. To enlarge the global impacts of the partnership, both countries should inject more regional and global components into their bilateral agenda. In doing so, both sides need to enhance the ties not only in terms of economic cooperation but also of social interaction

Practical steps to improving the management of type 1 diabetes: recommendations from the Global Partnership for Effective Diabetes Management

Aschner, P; Horton, E; Leiter, L A; Munro, N; Skyler, J S
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2010 EN
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46.07%
The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) led to considerable improvements in the management of type 1 diabetes, with the wider adoption of intensive insulin therapy to reduce the risk of complications. However, a large gap between evidence and practice remains, as recently shown by the Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications (EDC) study, in which 30-year rates of microvascular complications in the ‘real world’ EDC patients were twice that of DCCT patients who received intensive insulin therapy. This gap may be attributed to the many challenges that patients and practitioners face in the day-to-day management of the disease. These barriers include reaching glycaemic goals, overcoming the reality and fear of hypoglycaemia, and appropriate insulin therapy and dose adjustment. As practitioners, the question remains: how do we help patients with type 1 diabetes manage glycaemia while overcoming barriers? In this article, the Global Partnership for Effective Diabetes Management provides practical recommendations to help improve the care of patients with type 1 diabetes.

Tailoring treatment to the individual in type 2 diabetes practical guidance from the Global Partnership for Effective Diabetes Management

Prato, S Del; LaSalle, J; Matthaei, S; Bailey, C J
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2010 EN
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Good glycaemic control continues to be the most effective therapeutic manoeuvre to reduce the risk of development and/or progression of microvascular disease, and therefore remains the cornerstone of diabetes management despite recent scepticism about tight glucose control strategies. The impact on macrovascular complications is still a matter of debate, and so glycaemic control strategies should be placed in the context of multifactorial intervention to address all cardiovascular risk factors. Approaches to achieve glycaemic targets should always ensure patient safety, and results from recent landmark outcome studies support the need for appropriate individualisation of glycaemic targets and of the means to achieve these targets, with the ultimate aim to optimise outcomes and minimise adverse events, such as hypoglycaemia and marked weight gain. The primary goal of the Global Partnership for Effective Diabetes Management is the provision of practical guidance to improve patient outcomes and, in this article, we aim to support healthcare professionals in appropriately tailoring type 2 diabetes treatment to the individual. Patient groups requiring special consideration are identified, including newly diagnosed individuals with type 2 diabetes but no complications...

Atlas of Global Development : Third Edition

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
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Human and economic developments are closely linked to geography. The mission of the World Bank Group is to assist countries to overcome poverty and establish a sustainable path for their development. Providing reliable information about the state of the world and its people is an important part of that mission. Recognizing the formidable challenges and great successes that have been achieved should strengthen our resolve to work together to fight poverty and increase human welfare. To that end the World Bank has published an atlas for over 40 years. This edition of the Atlas of Global Development draws on a global database compiled from the work of the World Bank, other international agencies, and national statistical offices of member countries.

Reducing Poverty on a Global Scale: Learning and Innovating for Development—Findings from the Shanghai Global Learning Initative

Moreno-Dodson, Blanca
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
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Capturing the findings from the Shanghai Global Learning Initiative, Reducing Poverty on a Global Scale attempts to contribute to the broader existing knowledge on poverty reduction and the effectiveness of aid. The objective is to enlighten development practitioners about observed achievements towards reducing poverty and the factors behind them. Each of the chapters extracts implementation lessons learnt from a subset of case studies prepared along different poverty dimensions, focusing on such factors as the role of commitment and leadership, institutional innovation, learning and experimentation, and external catalysts. Instead of recommending particular solutions or best practices, the book distills key findings from the strategically selected examples and weaves them into a topical narrative.

Millennium Challenges for Development and Faith Institutions

Marshall, Katherine; Marsh, Richard
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
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The dialogue initiated at Lambeth -- continued at a second meeting of faith and development leaders in November 1999 and then at the third meeting in Canterbury, on which this booklet is based -- has endeavored to bridge these gaps. Organizers of the Canterbury meeting documented some case studies of partnerships between faith and development institutions, summarized in this booklet, as background for the gathering. These cases, many of which had previously been only partially documented, reveal a diversity of experience across countries, regions, and sectors on which to build. The Canterbury meeting sought to move beyond dialogue to ideas for specific joint faith-development initiatives and programs. The Millennium Development Goals -- which represent a new global determination to mobilize energy, passion, and resources to fulfill tangible, measurable imperatives for human health and well-being-served as a springboard for discussion and provide a framework for future partnerships. The goals are straightforward: eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; achieve universal primary education; promote gender equality and empower women; reduce child mortality; improve maternal health; combat HIV/AIDS...

The Post-2015 Global Agenda : A Framework for Country Diagnostics

Gable, Susanna; Lofgren, Hans; Osorio-Rodarte, Israel
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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With the 2015 deadline for the current Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) drawing near, the global community is shaping a new set of international development goals for the longer term. The process has involved consultations led by the UN Open Working Group guided by the 2013 report, a new global partnership of the UN High-level Panel. The work so far indicates that the post-2015 development agenda will encompass goals for social, economic, and environmental sustainability with broader coverage than the current MDGs. This paper refers to these post-2015 development goals as Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs. The World Bank Group is developing a diagnostic framework to assess the implications of implementing the post-2015 global development agenda at the country level. This framework has been applied to a pilot case study on Uganda, and some of the results of this study are highlighted here for illustrative purposes. The WBG has also developed a multi-country database that provides a starting point for similar diagnostics in other countries. Subject to data availability...

Small and Medium Enterprise Finance

Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC Publicador: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
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This update considers new findings since the initial Stocktaking report, substantiating the contribution of the private sector, and of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in particular, for new jobs and investment. These findings further illustrate the key role access to finance plays in SMEs abilities and willingness to add jobs including the special circumstances of fast-growing SMEs, or gazelles. The new findings further detail availability and gaps in SME financing, including for specific subsectors such as women-owned firms and agri-enterprises. New trends include progress made in recent years to improve financial markets infrastructure, and expanded lending in countries such as China, which have made progress in this area. The findings also include key private sector innovations pioneered by the SME Finance Challenge winners and other private sector institutions, focusing on key sector opportunities (such as agribusiness and energy), product innovation (such as expanded local currency options), and risk management alternatives. The new findings and trends highlight the potential of collaborative platforms that have emerged from the G-20/GPFI (Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion) process to combine resources to improve SME access to finance...

Opportunities and Challenges from Working in Partnership

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
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Partnerships and trust funds are big business for the World Bank Group. It participates in around 126 global partnership programs and administers more than 1000 trust funds which have become a significant source of revenue for the Bank Group and its clients. Partnership and trust funds offer opportunities for the Bank to benefit from partners skills and resources, extend its reach, and innovate. Some programs and funds are complementary to the Bank or fill gaps, for example on global public goods. IEG has found that most partnership programs tackle relevant development problems and that the Bank often makes strong contributions. But there are also risks, for example proliferation of uncoordinated or competing initiatives and high transaction costs. A key challenge facing the World Bank Group, therefore, is to make sure that its engagements in partnerships and trust funds create shared value for its client countries and support its goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity goals. As emphasized in the World Bank Group strategy...

Building a global partnership: Fifty years of Indo-Japanese relations

Jain, P.
Fonte: Pacific Affairs Univ British Columbia Publicador: Pacific Affairs Univ British Columbia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 EN
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46.07%

The World Bank Group’s Partnership with the Global Environment Facility; Volume 1. Main Report

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Book; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Publication
EN_US
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The World Bank Group was a principal founding partner of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) in its pilot phase in 1991, and of the restructured GEF in 1994. The Bank plays three different roles in the GEF: (a) as trustee of the GEF and related trust funds, (b) as implementing agency, including the implementation of private-sector GEF projects by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), and (c) as the host organization of the functionally independent GEF secretariat. Focusing primarily on the role of the Bank as an implementing agency, this review documents how the partnership that the GEF and the World Bank Group established in the early 1990s has evolved over time, offers explanations for observed changes, and draws a number of lessons. The review addresses the following issues: * The mutual relevance of the World Bank Group and the GEF * Inter-organizational coordination along the World Bank Group-GEF project cycle * The introduction of the GEF’s resource allocation systems in 2006 and 2010 * The evolution and effectiveness of the Bank Group’s GEF portfolio * Catalytic approaches in the Bank Group-GEF partnership: co-financing, blending, and mainstreaming * The World Bank’s corporate activities as a GEF implementing agency. The principal purposes of this review are (a) to help improve the relevance and effectiveness of the Bank Group’s partnership with the GEF...

Indispensable Ocean : Aligning Ocean Health and Human Well-Being

Blue Ribbon Panel
Fonte: Global Partnership for Oceans, Washington, DC Publicador: Global Partnership for Oceans, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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A healthy ocean is fundamental to human wellbeing and an indispensable part of the Earth's life-support system, which sustains the species and the ecosystems upon which we depend. The ocean regulates our climate and, as part of the hydrological cycle, drives weather patterns that determine rainfall, droughts, and floods. The ocean has also reduced the impact of human-induced climate change by absorbing 25 percent of the carbon dioxide released by human activities and over 90 percent of the extra heat trapped by rising concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gases. The ocean also provides food and sustains livelihoods. The size and growth of the human population is putting unprecedented pressure on natural resources, both on land and in the sea. The ocean may play an increasing role in supplying those resources and will, in this regard, play a critical role in global efforts to reduce poverty and improve livelihoods. Comprehensive global estimates of the economic activity associated with the ocean have only recently been attempted and a published consensus estimate has not yet emerged. The global economic benefits derived from the ocean's goods and services are...

Output-Based Aid in Ethiopia : Dealing with the 'Last Mile' Paradox in Rural Electrification

Maurer, Luiz; Nonay, Carmen
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
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Providing electricity to poor households in rural areas in Ethiopia is critical to improving the health and living conditions of the population, reducing poverty, and stimulating growth. A project supported by the Global Partnership on Output-Based Aid (GPOBA) is accelerating the pace of connections in electrified areas and fostering energy efficiency. The scheme provides a performance-based subsidy to the state-owned utility in Ethiopia linked to the delivery of pre-agreed outputs, including the connection and provision of services on a sustainable basis. As part of the connection package, poor households receive two compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs). The project has potential for scaling up with a future International Development Association (IDA) loan to the utility.

Framework Document for a Global Partnership for Oceans

Global Partnership for Oceans
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH
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This document summarizes the approach that the global partnership for oceans (GPO) will take in its work with countries to help improve the health of the oceans and reduce coastal poverty. Restoring the health of the world's ocean is a global challenge that can and must be solved if one has to alleviate poverty, build resilient communities, and foster strong coastal economies. The natural systems underpinning the health of the ocean and the livelihoods, food, and other services dependent upon them are at risk, due largely to human action occurring in the context of weak institutions. The GPO has been established as a convening platform that can help to reduce the barriers to countries obtaining the finance and expertise needed to restore ocean health. To finance this support, the GPO will establish a new global fund for oceans (GPO fund), as well as an ocean investment roundtable. To mobilize the knowledge countries need, the GPO will include a network of expertise from the partners, coordinated through a global assembly of partners...

GEF in Africa : How the Global Environmental Facility is Working with African States for a Sustainable Future

Global Environment Facility
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
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This report reviews the collaboration between the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) and the African states. Since 1991 GEF has financed 425 projects to address global environmental problems through sustainable development in more than 50 African countries. This report specifically reviews the GEF's works with African countries on key natural resource issues : land degradation, forests, fresh water resources, marine and coastal areas, energy, and persistent organics pollutants. Readers will also gain a better understanding of how GEF works with countries to assure that the project development process is country-driven and reflects national development priorities. GEf has gained valuable experience working on environmental challenges facing the African continent. In the years ahead, GEF looks forward to continue to work with governments, local communities, NGOs, the private sector, and bilateral and multilateral organization in Africa. Together, we can promote effective problem-solving partnerships and practical solutions to help improve the global environment while creating livelihoods and opportunities for the world's poor.

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, and the World Bank's Engagement with the Global Fund

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Group Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank Group
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
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The principal purpose of this Global Program Review (GPR) is to learn lessons from the experience of the Global Fund and its interaction with the Bank in three areas: (a) the design and operation of large global partnership programs like the Global Fund that are financing country-level investments, (b) the engagement of the World Bank with these partnership programs, and (c) the evaluation of these programs. The Review has an intensive focus on the Bank's engagement with the Global Fund at the country level because of the potential for competition or collaboration between Global Fund-supported activities and the Bank's lending operations at the country level. Therefore, it also focuses on the design and operation of the Global Fund-supported activities at the country level. This review was initiated before the high-level independent review panel on fiduciary controls and oversight mechanisms of the Global Fund was commissioned in February 2011, and it was drafted before their final report, turning the page from emergency to sustainability...

Global Monitoring Report 2011 : Improving the Odds of Achieving the MDGs

World Bank; International Monetary Fund
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
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This report has been prepared jointly by the staffs of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). This year we are facing historic development challenges from natural disasters, to food and fuel price spikes, and profound change in the Middle East. Despite high beverage growth in the developing world, it is crucial to provide opportunities to those that are being left behind. Wealthier economies are experiencing slower growth but development assistance needs remain high. In our interconnected world, sustainable recovery means supporting inclusive growth. Only four years remain until the 2015 deadline for reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The global monitoring report 2011: improving the odds of achieving the MDGs heterogeneity, gaps, and challenges underlines the urgency of helping countries that are behind on meeting key targets for extreme poverty, hunger, disease, and child and maternal mortality. The report lays out the challenges that remain; analyzes efforts to improve human development; and assesses the role of growth...

The World Bank's GEF Program in the Middle East and North Africa Region : Global Environmental Benefits Contributing to National Development Goals

World Bank; Global Environment Facility
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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The report focuses on the two decades of the World Bank - Global Environment Facility (GEF) partnership with the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries. This partnership has had a global environmental impact by working both at the local and national level and engaging all relevant partners and stakeholders. In addition, many GEF financed operations stand as examples of what a more holistic approach can achieve in terms of innovation and catalyzing greater investment. These operations have also delivered important social benefits such as job creation, enhanced economic and social inclusion, and strengthened governance capabilities. Presently the region s most pressing environmental challenges stem from rapid urbanization and its resulting infrastructure needs, industrial pollution, overexploitation of scarce water resources, the unsustainable management of fragile ecosystem resources and vulnerability to climate variability and climate change. Decision makers working to address these problems also face many tightly linked and urgent social issues. These issues include meeting the aspirations of a quickly growing urban youth population; giving voice to gender and women s issues; finding ways to spur job growth; and reversing the poor provision of basic services. This publication also points to opportunities for further World Bank - GEF cooperation in support of green growth.

The World Bank Group and Foundations : Stories of Partnership 2014

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Annual Report; Publications & Research
EN_US
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Today, the World Bank Group works with over 80 foundations around the world. This publication brings together examples of those partnerships. The report is not comprehensive, but an attempt to capture a sense of the breadth and extent of collaboration between the World Bank Group and the philanthropic sector. It tells the story of the power of partnerships and what can be achieved by working together. We are collaborating on development priorities ranging from job creation to citizen engagement and social accountability to health, education, financial inclusion to climate change and building resilient, inclusive cities for the 21st century. This publication makes clear how these projects are bringing real change to people's lives and to our planet. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the MasterCard Foundation and the International Finance Corporation (IFC) are bringing low-cost financial services to an estimated 5.3 million people who do not have a bank account; the Adolescent Girls' Initiative, a partnership between the World Bank Group and the Nike Foundation, has trained 2,500 women in Liberia to support their transition to productive work, and helped raise employment by almost 50 percent; in India, Indonesia, and Tanzania, a project with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has led to more than 4 million people deciding to stop open defecation and begin using basic sanitation facilities; and in the Philippines...

Financial Inclusion Data; Assessing the Landscape and Country-level Target Approaches

International Finance Corporation; Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion
Fonte: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC Publicador: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
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The group of 20 (G-20) recognizes data and measurement as an essential foundation for advancing financial inclusion at a global level. The data and measurement sub-group, in its first year, was tasked to identify the existing financial inclusion data landscape, to assess the data gaps, to develop key performance indicators, and to lay out the foundations for the framing of financial inclusion target setting approaches. The purpose of this report, prepared for the global partnership for financial inclusion (GPFI), is to highlight the key findings and recommendations of the data and measurement sub-group during its first year, provide input for a roadmap for the GPFI's work plan for the coming year, and to present key policy recommendations for consideration by the G-20 policy makers for the Cannes summit in November 2011. The policy recommendations presented are relevant at the global level, including both G-20 and non-G-20 countries. The GPFI holds the potential for impact on two levels: (i) incorporating guidance on measurement frameworks and prioritizations of targets through GPFI country-level pilots; and (ii) aligning on the roadmap and determining a toolkit for formulating country level targets or goals to help - operationalize GPFI's universal access vision.