Página 1 dos resultados de 8624 itens digitais encontrados em 0.006 segundos

Estimating Brazilian Monthly GDP: a State-Space Approach

Issler, João Victor; Notini, Hilton Hostalacio
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação em Economia da FGV Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação em Economia da FGV
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.83%
This paper has several original contributions. The first is to employ a superior interpolation method that enables to estimate, nowcast and forecast monthly Brazilian GDP for 1980-2012 in an integrated way; see Bernanke, Gertler and Watson (1997, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity). Second, along the spirit of Mariano and Murasawa (2003, Journal of Applied Econometrics), we propose and test a myriad of interpolation models and interpolation auxiliary series- all coincident with GDP from a business-cycle dating point of view. Based on these results, we finally choose the most appropriate monthly indicator for Brazilian GDP. Third, this monthly GDP estimate is compared to an economic activity indicator widely used by practitioners in Brazil - the Brazilian Economic Activity Index - (IBC-Br). We found that the our monthly GDP tracks economic activity better than IBC-Br. This happens by construction, since our state-space approach imposes the restriction (discipline) that our monthly estimate must add up to the quarterly observed series in any given quarter, which may not hold regarding IBC-Br. Moreover, our method has the advantage to be easily implemented: it only requires conditioning on two observed series for estimation...

Estimating Brazilian Monthly GDP:a State-Space Approach*

Issler, João Victor; Notini, Hilton Hostalacio
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação em Economia da FGV Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação em Economia da FGV
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.83%
This paper has several original contributions. The rst is to employ a superior interpolation method that enables to estimate, nowcast and forecast monthly Brazilian GDP for 1980-2012 in an integrated way; see Bernanke, Gertler and Watson (1997, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity). Second, along the spirit of Mariano and Murasawa (2003, Journal of Applied Econometrics), we propose and test a myriad of interpolation models and interpolation auxiliary series all coincident with GDP from a business-cycle dating point of view. Based on these results, we nally choose the most appropriate monthly indicator for Brazilian GDP. Third, this monthly GDP estimate is compared to an economic activity indicator widely used by practitioners in Brazil - the Brazilian Economic Activity Index - (IBC-Br). We found that the our monthly GDP tracks economic activity better than IBC-Br. This happens by construction, since our state-space approach imposes the restriction (discipline) that our monthly estimate must add up to the quarterly observed series in any given quarter, which may not hold regarding IBC-Br. Moreover, our method has the advantage to be easily implemented: it only requires conditioning on two observed series for estimation...

Uma abordagem sobre a demonstração do valor adicionado e sua relação com o PIB; An approach to the value added statement and its relation to GDP

Cavalheiro, Felipe Francisco
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.65%
No Brasil, a Demonstração do Valor Adicionado (DVA) é uma demonstração contábil já em consolidação, prevista na legislação societária e elaborada e publicada por um número cada vez maior de empresas do país. Com isso, ampliaram-se os estudos relacionados com a utilidade da informação gerada pela DVA, destacando sua relevância na divulgação da geração e distribuição da riqueza das empresas. Por outro lado, o Produto Interno Bruto (PIB), é um importante conceito da macroeconomia utilizado como medida de riqueza e de crescimento econômico de países e regiões. Atualmente, a informação sobre a produção nacional advém das estimativas da contabilidade social a respeito da economia de empresas, administração pública, instituições privadas sem fins lucrativos e famílias. Este trabalho apresenta as relações existentes entre estes conceitos, utilizando como elo de ligação os conceitos contábil e econômico de valor adicionado, verificando suas semelhanças e diferenças, a possibilidade de ajustes conciliatórios, e analisando se os valores divulgados através da DVA por uma empresa podem ser utilizados como fonte de informação para a formação de indicadores mais amplos relacionados ao PIB.; In Brazil...

Functional analysis of the Burkholderia cepacia bceN gene encoding a GDP-D-mannose dehydratase involved in Cepacian biosynthesis

Feliciano, Joana Rita Rodrigues, 1988-; Leitão, Jorge Humberto Gomes
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.97%
Tese de mestrado. Biologia (Microbiologia Aplicada). Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, 2011; A diversidade e multifuncionalidade dos exopolissacáridos (EPSs) produzidos pelos organismos procariotas são consideráveis, supondo-se que estes têm um papel fundamental na protecção dos microrganismos que os produzem. Mais de 70% das estirpes pertencentes ao complexo Burkholderia cepacia (Bcc), consideradas importantes patogénios oportunistas em doentes com fibrose quística (FQ) ou com doença granulomatosa crónica, são produtoras do EPS Cepaciano. O Bcc é um grupo de bactérias da subdivisão _-proteobacteria, que são genotipicamente distintas, mas fenotipicamente semelhantes, estando estas divididas em pelo menos 17 espécies diferentes. Recentemente, vários estudos têm evidenciado o papel do Cepaciano como um factor de virulência que contribui para a patogenicidade global dos membros do Bcc e portanto para o seu sucesso como patogénios. Observou-se que a produção de EPS por um isolado clínico mucóide de B. cenocepacia interfere com a fagocitose das bactérias pelos neutrófilos humanos e facilita a persistência bacteriana nos ratinhos BALB/c, usados como modelo de infecção. Por outro lado, usando-se os ratinhos gp91phox-/- como modelo de infecção...

Lottery Sales and Per-capita GDP: An Inverted U relationship

Kaiseler, Maria João; Faustino, Horácio C.
Fonte: ISEG – Departamento de Economia Publicador: ISEG – Departamento de Economia
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em //2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
The main purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that the relationship between per-capita sales and per-capita GDP is given by an inverted U. The paper considers that lottery sales increase together with increases in GDP up to a point where a country has reached a level at which the GDP is high enough and lottery sales become an inferior good and as a result, start to decrease. As there are other determinants of the expenditure on lottery products, the paper introduces into the regression analysis other explanatory factors as control variables. The paper uses a cross-country regression, using 2004 data for 80 countries. The results confirm the hypothesis, in addition to yielding other interesting findings: countries with higher levels of education sell fewer lottery products; lottery sales increase together with increases in the male to female ratio.

Predicting GDP growth in the Euro Area

Campos, Claúdia Cristina Marinho
Fonte: NSBE - UNL Publicador: NSBE - UNL
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /01/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.65%
A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Finance from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics; Predicting GDP growth is a concern of several economic agents. The right way to model such variable is far from consensual. This paper’s goal is to compare different models for GDP growth forecasting in the euro area. For comparative purposes, an autoregressive model (which is used as benchmark) and two Autoregressive Distributed Models (ADL), which contain financial and non-financial variables, chosen based on the literature, are used. The main conclusion is that the ADL(2,1,1) considered has superior forecast performance in- and out-of-sample, although in this last case depending on the evaluation metric.

Photolyzed rhodopsin catalyzes the exchange of GTP for bound GDP in retinal rod outer segments.

Kwok-Keung Fung, B; Stryer, L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1980 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.94%
We have studied the binding of guanyl nucleotides to retinal rod outer segment membranes to determine how light activates a cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase and a GTPase. We found that rod outer segment membranes contain tightly bound radioactive GDP after incubation in the dark with [3H]GDP or [alpha-32P]GTP. Reconstituted membranes containing only rhodopsin and phospholipid bind almost no GDP. More than 80% of the radioactive GDP bound to rod outer segment membranes could be released by subsequent illumination. At low light levels, the rate and extent of GDP release were markedly enhanced by the presence of GTP or p[NH]ppG, a nonhydrolyzable analog of GTP. The kinetics of binding of p[NH]ppG paralleled the kinetics of release of bound GDP, indicating that p[NH]ppG was exchanged for bound GDP. The maximal amount of bound p[NH]ppG was 1 per 30 rhodopsins when photolyzed membranes were incubated with 10 micro M nucleotide. Under these conditions, p[NH]ppG binding was half-maximal when only 1 in 90,000 rhodopsins was photolyzed. This corresponds to the catalyzed exchange of 500 p[NH]ppG for bound GDP per photolyzed rhodopsin. We propose a light-activated GTP-GDP amplification cycle involving a guanyl nucleotide binding protein with GTPase activity (E). The essence of this cycle is that photolyzed rhodopsin catalyzes the formation of E . GTP from E . GDP (the major species in the dark) by nucleotide exchange. The formation of several hundred E . GTP per photolyzed rhodopsin may be the first stage of amplification in visual excitation.

Importin-β Is a GDP-to-GTP Exchange Factor of Ran: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE MECHANISM OF NUCLEAR IMPORT*

Lonhienne, Thierry G.; Forwood, Jade K.; Marfori, Mary; Robin, Gautier; Kobe, Bostjan; Carroll, Bernard J.
Fonte: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Publicador: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.94%
Ran-GTP interacts strongly with importin-β, and this interaction promotes the release of the importin-α-nuclear localization signal cargo from importin-β. Ran-GDP also interacts with importin-β, but this interaction is 4 orders of magnitude weaker than the Ran-GTP·importin-β interaction. Here we use the yeast complement of nuclear import proteins to show that the interaction between Ran-GDP and importin-β promotes the dissociation of GDP from Ran. The release of GDP from the Ran-GDP-importin-β complex stabilizes the complex, which cannot be dissociated by importin-α. Although Ran has a higher affinity for GDP compared with GTP, Ran in complex with importin-β has a higher affinity for GTP. This feature is responsible for the generation of Ran-GTP from Ran-GDP by importin-β. Ran-binding protein-1 (RanBP1) activates this reaction by forming a trimeric complex with Ran-GDP and importin-β. Importin-α inhibits the GDP exchange reaction by sequestering importin-β, whereas RanBP1 restores the GDP nucleotide exchange by importin-β by forming a tetrameric complex with importin-β, Ran, and importin-α. The exchange is also inhibited by nuclear-transport factor-2 (NTF2). We suggest a mechanism for nuclear import, additional to the established RCC1 (Ran-guanine exchange factor)-dependent pathway that incorporates these results.

A Novel GDP-d-glucose Phosphorylase Involved in Quality Control of the Nucleoside Diphosphate Sugar Pool in Caenorhabditis elegans and Mammals*

Adler, Lital N.; Gomez, Tara A.; Clarke, Steven G.; Linster, Carole L.
Fonte: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Publicador: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.95%
The plant VTC2 gene encodes GDP-l-galactose phosphorylase, a rate-limiting enzyme in plant vitamin C biosynthesis. Genes encoding apparent orthologs of VTC2 exist in both mammals, which produce vitamin C by a distinct metabolic pathway, and in the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans where vitamin C biosynthesis has not been demonstrated. We have now expressed cDNAs of the human and worm VTC2 homolog genes (C15orf58 and C10F3.4, respectively) and found that the purified proteins also display GDP-hexose phosphorylase activity. However, as opposed to the plant enzyme, the major reaction catalyzed by these enzymes is the phosphorolysis of GDP-d-glucose to GDP and d-glucose 1-phosphate. We detected activities with similar substrate specificity in worm and mouse tissue extracts. The highest expression of GDP-d-glucose phosphorylase was found in the nervous and male reproductive systems. A C. elegans C10F3.4 deletion strain was found to totally lack GDP-d-glucose phosphorylase activity; this activity was also found to be decreased in human HEK293T cells transfected with siRNAs against the human C15orf58 gene. These observations confirm the identification of the worm C10F3.4 and the human C15orf58 gene expression products as the GDP-d-glucose phosphorylases of these organisms. Significantly...

Characterization of the GDP-D-Mannose Biosynthesis Pathway in Coxiella burnetii: The Initial Steps for GDP-β-D-Virenose Biosynthesis

Narasaki, Craig T.; Mertens, Katja; Samuel, James E.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/10/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.98%
Coxiella burnetii, the etiologic agent of human Q fever, is a Gram-negative and naturally obligate intracellular bacterium. The O-specific polysaccharide chain (O-PS) of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of C. burnetii is considered a heteropolymer of the two unusual sugars β-D-virenose and dihydrohydroxystreptose and mannose. We hypothesize that GDP-D-mannose is a metabolic intermediate to GDP-β-D-virenose. GDP-D-mannose is synthesized from fructose-6-phosphate in 3 successive reactions; Isomerization to mannose-6-phosphate catalyzed by a phosphomannose isomerase (PMI), followed by conversion to mannose-1-phosphate mediated by a phosphomannomutase (PMM) and addition of GDP by a GDP-mannose pyrophosphorylase (GMP). GDP-D-mannose is then likely converted to GDP-6-deoxy-D-lyxo-hex-4-ulopyranose (GDP-Sug), a virenose intermediate, by a GDP-mannose-4,6-dehydratase (GMD). To test the validity of this pathway in C. burnetii, three open reading frames (CBU0671, CBU0294 and CBU0689) annotated as bifunctional type II PMI, as PMM or GMD were functionally characterized by complementation of corresponding E. coli mutant strains and in enzymatic assays. CBU0671, failed to complement an Escherichia coli manA (PMM) mutant strain. However, complementation of an E. coli manC (GMP) mutant strain restored capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis. CBU0294 complemented a Pseudomonas aeruginosa algC (GMP) mutant strain and showed phosphoglucomutase activity (PGM) in a pgm E. coli mutant strain. Despite the inability to complement a manA mutant...

Structure and function of GDP-mannose-3′ ,5′ -epimerase; an enzyme which performs three chemical reactions at the same active site

Major, Louise L; Wolucka, Beata A; Naismith, James H
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 28/12/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.02%
GDP-mannose-3′,5′-epimerase (GME) from Arabidopsis thaliana catalyses the epimerization of both the 3′ and 5′ positions of GDP-α-d-mannose to yield GDP-β-l-galactose. Production of the C5′ epimer of GDP-α-d-mannose, GDP-β-l-gulose, has also been reported. The reaction occurs as part of vitamin C biosynthesis in plants. We have determined structures of complexes of GME with GDP-α-d-mannose, GDP-β-l-galactose and a mixture of GDP-β-l-gulose with GDP-β-l-4-keto-gulose, to resolutions varying from 2.0 Å to 1.4 Å. The enzyme has the classical extended short chain dehydratase/reductase (SDR) fold. We have confirmed that GME establishes an equilibrium between two products, GDP-β-l-galactose and GDP-β-l-gulose. The reaction proceeds by C4′ oxidation of GDP-α-d-mannose followed by epimerization of the C5′ position to give GDP-β-l-4-keto-gulose. This intermediate is either reduced to give GDP-β-l-gulose or the C3′ position is epimerized to give GDP-β-l-4-keto-galactose, then C4′ is reduced to GDP-β-l-galactose. The combination of oxidation, epimerization and reduction in a single active site is unusual. Structural analysis coupled to site directed mutagenesis suggests C145 and K217 as the acid / base pair responsible for both epimerizations. Based on the structure of the GDP-β-l-gulose/GDP-β-l-4-keto-gulose co-complex...

Rescue of Notch signaling in cells incapable of GDP-l-fucose synthesis by gap junction transfer of GDP-l-fucose in Drosophila

Ayukawa, Tomonori; Matsumoto, Kenjiroo; Ishikawa, Hiroyuki O.; Ishio, Akira; Yamakawa, Tomoko; Aoyama, Naoki; Suzuki, Takuya; Matsuno, Kenji
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.94%
Notch (N) is a transmembrane receptor that mediates cell–cell interactions to determine many cell-fate decisions. N contains EGF-like repeats, many of which have an O-fucose glycan modification that regulates N-ligand binding. This modification requires GDP-l-fucose as a donor of fucose. The GDP-l-fucose biosynthetic pathways are well understood, including the de novo pathway, which depends on GDP-mannose 4,6 dehydratase (Gmd) and GDP-4-keto-6-deoxy-d-mannose 3,5-epimerase/4-reductase (Gmer). However, the potential for intercellularly supplied GDP-l-fucose and the molecular basis of such transportation have not been explored in depth. To address these points, we studied the genetic effects of mutating Gmd and Gmer on fucose modifications in Drosophila. We found that these mutants functioned cell-nonautonomously, and that GDP-l-fucose was supplied intercellularly through gap junctions composed of Innexin-2. GDP-l-fucose was not supplied through body fluids from different isolated organs, indicating that the intercellular distribution of GDP-l-fucose is restricted within a given organ. Moreover, the gap junction-mediated supply of GDP-l-fucose was sufficient to support the fucosylation of N-glycans and the O-fucosylation of the N EGF-like repeats. Our results indicate that intercellular delivery is a metabolic pathway for nucleotide sugars in live animals under certain circumstances.

Potential GDP Growth in Venezuela : A Structural Time Series Approach

Cuevas, Mario A.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.94%
Real GDP and oil prices are decomposed into common stochastic trend and cycle processes using structural time series models. Potential real GDP is represented by the level of the trend component of real GDP. The potential rate of growth of real GDP is represented by the stochastic drift element of the trend component. Cuevas finds that there is a strong association at the trend and cycle frequencies between real GDP and the real price of oil. This association is also robust in the presence of key economic policy variables. From 1970-80, when the underlying annual rate of increase of the real price of oil was 12 percent, the underlying annual rate of increase of potential GDP in Venezuela was 2.6 percent. By contrast, from 1981-2000 when the underlying rate of increase of the real price of oil was -5 percent, the underlying growth rate of potential GDP fell 1.5 percent. However, the strength of association between the underlying growth of oil prices and real GDP has fallen considerably since the early 1980s, suggesting that oil cannot be relied on as an engine for future growth in Venezuela.

International Comparisons of GDP: Issues of theory and practice

Castles, Ian; Henderson, David
Fonte: David Roberts Publicador: David Roberts
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 131710 bytes; 363 bytes; 363 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.53%
When it comes to making international comparisons of real GDP, different views, conventions and practices are still in evidence. We set out the case for using purchasing power parity (PPP) converters for this purpose, rather than conversions based on exchange rates, and give reasons for rejecting various arguments that are still widely made to the contrary. In doing so, we provide instances of the differing current practices of international agencies, and argue the case for greater uniformity and consistency on their part. We make a number of suggestions, general and specific, for improving the quality and presentation of cross-country comparative data.; The Editor of World Economics has agreed to publication by ANU eprints providing acknowledgement is made to WE (first published in World Economics, Vol. 6, Number 1, 2005).; yes

Estimating Brazilian monthly GDP: a state-space approach

Issler, João Victor; Notini, Hilton Hostalacio
Fonte: FGV Crescimento e Desenvolvimento Publicador: FGV Crescimento e Desenvolvimento
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.83%
This paper has several original contributions. The rst is to employ a superior interpolation method that enables to estimate, nowcast and forecast monthly Brazilian GDP for 1980-2012 in an integrated way; see Bernanke, Gertler and Watson (1997, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity). Second, along the spirit of Mariano and Murasawa (2003, Journal of Applied Econometrics), we propose and test a myriad of interpolation models and interpolation auxiliary series all coincident with GDP from a business-cycle dating point of view. Based on these results, we nally choose the most appropriate monthly indicator for Brazilian GDP. Third, this monthly GDP estimate is compared to an economic activity indicator widely used by practitioners in Brazil- the Brazilian Economic Activity Index - (IBC-Br). We found that the our monthly GDP tracks economic activity better than IBC-Br. This happens by construction, since our state-space approach imposes the restriction (discipline) that our monthly estimate must add up to the quarterly observed series in any given quarter, whichmay not hold regarding IBC-Br. Moreover, our method has the advantage to be easily implemented: it only requires conditioning on two observed series for estimation, while estimating IBC-Br requires the availability of hundreds of monthly series. Third...

Incidencia del PIB agrícola en el nivel de empleo agrario. Un análisis comparativo para países seleccionados de Latinoamérica; Incidence of agricultural GDP in the level of agricultural employment. A comparative analysis for selected Latin American countries

Buitrago Torres, Catalina; Marrugo Lazada, Manuel; Ramírez Vigoya, Alejandro; Yanes Guerra, Carlos
Fonte: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Ciencias Económicas; Economía Publicador: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Ciencias Económicas; Economía
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de grado Formato: pdf; pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.65%
Este documento presenta un análisis sobre la incidencia del PIB agrícola en el nivel de empleo agrario para una muestra de 10 países de Latinoamérica en el periodo de 1990-2010, para ello, en este articulo se elaboró un modelo de empleo-producto propuesto por Harvey (1986) con la metodología de datos panel; adicionalmente se hizo una recopilación literaria para cada país sobre las políticas económicas agrarias, la coyuntura económica del sector y el comportamiento de la principales variables del mismo, con el fin de contextualizar los resultados del modelo econométrico en donde se determinó una incidencia negativa del PIB agrícola en el nivel de empleo agrario y un mismo comportamiento para todos los países.; This paper presents an analysis on the impact of agricultural GDP in agricultural employment level for a sample of 10 Latin American countries in the period 1990-2010, for this, in this article an employment model proposed by Harvey-product was developed (1986) with the methodology of panel data; further a literary collection for each country on agricultural economic policies, the economic situation of the sector and the behavior of the main variables of the same was made, in order to contextualize the results of the econometric model where a negative impact of agricultural GDP in the level of agricultural employment and the same behavior for all countries was determined.

O PIB Verde Industrial dos Estados do Nordeste no Período de 1996 A 2003.; Industrial green GDP of the Northeast region of Brazil from 1996 to 2003.

Ferreira Junior, Humberto Barbosa
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Desenvolvimento sustentável Regional; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Desenvolvimento sustentável Regional; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.83%
This dissertation aims to evaluate the sustainability of the industrial growth of the states of the Northeast from 1996 to 2003. To do so, it uses the methodology of the Green GDP, through the equation Industrial Green GDP = Gross Industrial Product (Depletion of Mineral Resources + Environment Degradation Costs), where depletion of mineral resources corresponds to the mineral extraction and the environment degradation costs are generated according to the proxies of the IPPS the Industrial Pollution Projection System. The behavior of the series leads to the possibility of a combination of growth of the industrial product vis-à-vis a contraction of the industrial green GDP, resulting in a paradox of growth. It is also generated an index of sustainability of the industrial activity, through the following relation: Gross Industrial Produtc-Industrial Green GDP/Gross Industrial Product, where the larger the gap between the gross industrial product and the green GDP, weaker is the sustainability. The research concludes that for the Northeast, the industrial economic activity is losing sustainability at 50% of its product.; Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Alagoas; Esta dissertação tem como objetivo avaliar a sustentabilidade do crescimento econômico industrial dos Estados do Nordeste no período de 1996 a 2003. Para tanto...

O PIB Verde Industrial dos Estados do Nordeste no Período de 1996 A 2003.; Industrial green GDP of the Northeast region of Brazil from 1996 to 2003.

Ferreira Junior, Humberto Barbosa
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Desenvolvimento sustentável Regional; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Desenvolvimento sustentável Regional; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.83%
This dissertation aims to evaluate the sustainability of the industrial growth of the states of the Northeast from 1996 to 2003. To do so, it uses the methodology of the Green GDP, through the equation Industrial Green GDP = Gross Industrial Product (Depletion of Mineral Resources + Environment Degradation Costs), where depletion of mineral resources corresponds to the mineral extraction and the environment degradation costs are generated according to the proxies of the IPPS the Industrial Pollution Projection System. The behavior of the series leads to the possibility of a combination of growth of the industrial product vis-à-vis a contraction of the industrial green GDP, resulting in a paradox of growth. It is also generated an index of sustainability of the industrial activity, through the following relation: Gross Industrial Produtc-Industrial Green GDP/Gross Industrial Product, where the larger the gap between the gross industrial product and the green GDP, weaker is the sustainability. The research concludes that for the Northeast, the industrial economic activity is losing sustainability at 50% of its product.; Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Alagoas; Esta dissertação tem como objetivo avaliar a sustentabilidade do crescimento econômico industrial dos Estados do Nordeste no período de 1996 a 2003. Para tanto...

New series of Portuguese population and employment, 1950-2007: implications for GDP per capita and labor productivity

Amaral,Luciano
Fonte: Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
The two most important international databases with Portuguese GDP per capita and productivity from the 1950s onwards (GGDC and Ameco) offer two contrasting pictures of its evolution, especially during the slowdown of 1973 to the mid-1980s. The main problem is the low quality of the underlying data for population and employment. This paper offers new estimates for population and employment and recalculates GDP per capita and productivity between 1950 and 2007. Although confirming the main idea advanced in GGDC (a similar slowdown of GDP per capita and productivity), the series are different, and should be viewed as the new benchmark for the Portuguese economy

Energy consumption and real GDP: Panel co-integration and causality tests for sub-Saharan African countries

Fowowe,Babajide
Fonte: Journal of Energy in Southern Africa Publicador: Journal of Energy in Southern Africa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
This paper investigates the causal relationship between energy consumption and real GDP in 14 Sub-Saharan African countries over the period 1971-2004. The results of panel co-integration tests showed that energy consumption and real GDP do not have a stable long-run equilibrium relationship. We find that for all members of the panel, there is homogenous causality from energy consumption to real GDP and vice versa. This bi-directional causality supports the feedback hypothesis.