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Aspectos sócio-econômicos dos códigos de conduta de responsabilidade social (CRS) do setor de gás e petróleo

Costa, Ligia Maura Fernandes Garcia Da
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
A presença de uma empresa internacionalmente significa também a disseminação mundial de seu Código de Conduta de Responsabilidade Social (Código de CRS). É portanto necessário um certo controle do conteúdo desses Códigos. As regras e padrões internacionais podem desempenhar este papel. O setor de gás e petróleo causa grande impacto nas comunidades em que as empresas exercem suas atividades. O mesmo se pode afirmar em relação aos seus Códigos de CRS. Este estudo examina, então, duas vertentes distintas mas convergentes. De um lado, o estudo comparativo de como os Códigos de CRS das empresas do setor de gás e petróleo tratam dos aspectos sócio-econômicos. De outro, examina-se a conformidade ou falta de conformidade dos Códigos de CRS com os tratados, convenções, normas e padrões internacionais. Estratégias podem então ser propostas ao setor de gás e petróleo, para a melhoria dos padrões sócio-econômicos de seus Códigos de CRS. Com isso atende-se às necessidades das comunidades envolvidas e, também, cria-se valor para as empresas do setor de gás e petróleo.; The presence of a company on an international level also means the worldwide dissemination of its Code of Conduct of Social Responsibility (CSR code of conduct). It is therefore necessary to have a certain amount of control over the contents of such codes or manuals. International rules and standards may be used for such purpose. The oil and gas industry has a great impact on the communities where these companies perform their activities. The same is true with respect to their CSR codes of conduct. Therefore...

Aspectos sociais: códigos de conduta do setor de gás e petróleo; Social aspects: codes of conduct of the oil and gas industry

Costa, Ligia Maura Fernandes Garcia Da
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
A presença de uma empresa internacionalmente significa também a disseminação mundial de seu Código de Conduta de Responsabilidade Social (Código de CRS). É portanto necessário um certo controle do conteúdo desses Códigos. As regras e padrões internacionais podem desempenhar este papel. O setor de gás e petróleo causa grande impacto nas comunidades em que as empresas exercem suas atividades. O mesmo se pode afirmar em relação aos seus Códigos de CRS. Este estudo examina, então, duas vertentes distintas mas convergentes. De um lado, o estudo comparativo de como os Códigos de CRS das empresas do setor de gás e petróleo tratam dos aspectos sociais. De outro, examina-se a conformidade ou falta de conformidade dos Códigos de CRS com os tratados, convenções, normas e padrões internacionais. Estratégias podem então ser propostas ao setor de gás e petróleo, para a melhoria dos padrões sociais de seus Códigos de CRS. Com isso atende-se às necessidades das comunidades envolvidas e, também, cria-se valor para as empresas do setor de gás e petróleo.; The presence of a company on an international level also means the worldwide dissemination of its Code of Conduct of Social Responsibility (CSR code of conduct). It is therefore necessary to have a certain amount of control over the contents of such codes or manuals. International rules and standards may be used for such purpose. The oil and gas industry has a great impact on the communities where these companies perform their activities. The same is true with respect to their CSR codes of conduct. Therefore...

Aspectos humanos e trabalhistas: códigos de conduta do setor de gás e petróleo; Human and labor issues: codes of conduct of the oil and gas industry

Costa, Ligia Maura Fernandes Garcia Da
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
A presença de uma empresa internacionalmente significa também a disseminação mundial de seu Código de Conduta de Responsabilidade Social (Código de CRS). É portanto necessário um certo controle do conteúdo desses Códigos. As regras e padrões internacionais podem desempenhar este papel. O setor de gás e petróleo causa grande impacto nas comunidades em que as empresas exercem suas atividades. O mesmo se pode afirmar em relação aos seus Códigos de CRS. Este estudo examina, então, duas vertentes distintas mas convergentes. De um lado, o estudo comparativo de como os Códigos de CRS das empresas do setor de gás e petróleo tratam dos humanos e trabalhistas. De outro, examina-se a conformidade ou falta de conformidade dos Códigos de CRS com os tratados, convenções, normas e padrões internacionais. Estratégias podem então ser propostas ao setor de gás e petróleo, para a melhoria dos direitos humanos e trabalhistas de seus Códigos de CRS. Com isso atende-se às necessidades das comunidades envolvidas e, também, cria-se valor para as empresas do setor de gás e petróleo.; The presence of a company on an international level also means the worldwide dissemination of its Code of Conduct of Social Responsibility (CSR code of conduct). It is therefore necessary to have a certain amount of control over the contents of such codes or manuals. International rules and standards may be used for such purpose. The oil and gas industry has a great impact on the communities where these companies perform their activities. The same is true with respect to their CSR codes of conduct. Therefore...

Aspectos sócio-econômicos dos códigos de conduta de responsabilidade social (CRS) do setor de gás e petróleo

Costa, Ligia Maura Fernandes Garcia Da
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
A presença de uma empresa internacionalmente significa também a disseminação mundial de seu Código de Conduta de Responsabilidade Social (Código de CRS). É portanto necessário um certo controle do conteúdo desses Códigos. As regras e padrões internacionais podem desempenhar este papel. O setor de gás e petróleo causa grande impacto nas comunidades em que as empresas exercem suas atividades. O mesmo se pode afirmar em relação aos seus Códigos de CRS. Este estudo examina, então, duas vertentes distintas mas convergentes. De um lado, o estudo comparativo de como os Códigos de CRS das empresas do setor de gás e petróleo tratam dos aspectos sócio-econômicos. De outro, examina-se a conformidade – ou falta de conformidade – dos Códigos de CRS com os tratados, convenções, normas e padrões internacionais. Estratégias podem então ser propostas ao setor de gás e petróleo, para a melhoria dos padrões sócio-econômicos de seus Códigos de CRS. Com isso atende-se às necessidades das comunidades envolvidas e, também, cria-se valor para as empresas do setor de gás e petróleo.; The presence of a company on an international level also means the worldwide dissemination of its Code of Conduct of Social Responsibility (CSR code of conduct). It is therefore necessary to have a certain amount of control over the contents of such codes or manuals. International rules and standards may be used for such purpose. The oil and gas industry has a great impact on the communities where these companies perform their activities. The same is true with respect to their CSR codes of conduct. Therefore...

Aspectos sócio-econômicos dos códigos de conduta de responsabilidade social (CRS) do setor de gás e petróleo

Costa, Ligia Maura Fernandes Garcia Da
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
A presença de uma empresa internacionalmente significa também a disseminação mundial de seu Código de Conduta de Responsabilidade Social (Código de CRS). É portanto necessário um certo controle do conteúdo desses Códigos. As regras e padrões internacionais podem desempenhar este papel. O setor de gás e petróleo causa grande impacto nas comunidades em que as empresas exercem suas atividades. O mesmo se pode afirmar em relação aos seus Códigos de CRS. Este estudo examina, então, duas vertentes distintas mas convergentes. De um lado, o estudo comparativo de como os Códigos de CRS das empresas do setor de gás e petróleo tratam dos aspectos sócio-econômicos. De outro, examina-se a conformidade – ou falta de conformidade – dos Códigos de CRS com os tratados, convenções, normas e padrões internacionais. Estratégias podem então ser propostas ao setor de gás e petróleo, para a melhoria dos padrões sócio-econômicos de seus Códigos de CRS. Com isso atende-se às necessidades das comunidades envolvidas e, também, cria-se valor para as empresas do setor de gás e petróleo.; The presence of a company on an international level also means the worldwide dissemination of its Code of Conduct of Social Responsibility (CSR code of conduct). It is therefore necessary to have a certain amount of control over the contents of such codes or manuals. International rules and standards may be used for such purpose. The oil and gas industry has a great impact on the communities where these companies perform their activities. The same is true with respect to their CSR codes of conduct. Therefore...

Um estudo sobre a expansão do gas natural no Brasil num contexto de integração regional

Manoel Gonçalves Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/10/1995 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
Este trabalho analisa a expansão do uso do gás natural na matriz energética brasileira. Para isto foram consideradas como variáveis importantes de estudo, na estratégia de penetração de mercado de seus potenciais consumidores, os tàtores de integração regional, ambiental e tecnológico. O método de trabalho constitui-se em um profundo levantamento bibliográfico na literatura especializada, bem como visitas técnicas a instalações de equipamentos de gás em seus segmentos de consumo, e a realização de duas pesquisas de campo. Os resultados mostraram que este energético tem vantagens ambientais em relação aos demais combustíveis, com o aumento de eticiência de processos industriais e redução de custos de manutenção periódica de equipamentos. Em termos de inovação tecnológica e de capacidade de produção para um mercado em expansão, a indÚstria nacional ainda não está adequadamente preparada em relação aos competidores estrangeiros. A indÚstria gasífera mundial está reformulando os seus mecanismos regulatórios, visando essencialmente estimular as companhias de gás a atuarem em ambientes mais competitivos de mercado. Os instrumentos utilizados incluem remoção de monopólios legais e de direitos exclusivos...

Gas Reform in Ukraine : Monopolies, Markets, and Corruption

Lovei, Laszlo
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.26%
Reform of the natural gas industry in Ukraine started a year later than reform of the power industry. Because gas reform had no blueprint, its direction has remained ambiguous. That ambiguity is the result of a conflict between those who advocate vertically integrated, opaque, monopolistic structures and those who want a transparent, competitive gas market governed by stable rules. This conflict will likely continue for several years, making the ultimate outcome difficult to predict. More by accident than by design, the reform produced a number of innovative features that might be of interest for other countries planning to restructure and privatize their gas industries.

Vietnam : Framework for Thermal BOT Tenders and Strategy for Gas Coordination and Harmonization with Market Roadmap, Volume 1

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.26%
The purpose of this Volume 1 report is to explore how development of the gas andelectricity sectors can be better coordinated within this dynamic environment. In particular,this report aims to: Briefly outline the gas resources and developments in Vietnam, and describe the current institutional arrangements for the gas sector and how they relate to overall gas and electricity planning; Identify key gas sector issues as they relate to gas and electricity sector planning in general and BOT electricity generation project development, and in particular identify the development and operating risks for a BOT electricity generation project developer and suggest mitigation measures for these risks ;Suggest mechanisms to improve gas and electricity planning coordination. Present a case study that illustrates some of the gas and electricity planning issues and how these would be addressed if the suggested planning changes were implemented. This assignment has been undertaken during a period of unprecedented change in Vietnam. The electricity sector is part way through the complex process of introducing a market. In global world energy markets...

Cameroonian LP Gas Sector Study

Belgedj, Mourad; Merklein, H.A.; Nkoto-Angoula, Joël
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
This study is a small-scale follow-up to an earlier World Bank study that analyzed the market failure of LPG in Nigeria and developed a roadmap to develop the use of LPG in that country to its full potential. Given the success of the Nigerian LPG work, it seemed obvious that other oil and gas-producing countries could benefit from the insights gained in Nigeria. Not unlike Nigeria, Cameroon has a thriving oil industry, yet it continues to flare most of its associated gas, burning more than enough LPG in the process to meet all its domestic needs and leave more for exports, while at the same time, it is importing LPG at world prices. Clearly, ifany country qualifies for an LPG policy review, it is Cameroon.

Integration Strategy for the Southern Cone Gas Networks

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Experts from the governments of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay, who participated in this strategic study for the Southern Cone Gas Pipeline Networks, combined their efforts to identify a shared energy alternative which would help boost the development of natural gas in the sub region, and, thus, its sustainable economic development. This study was developed in two phases: a first phase which evaluates the economic advantages of the integration of the gas networks in the sub region on the basis of data provided mainly by the governments, determining the priority projects to initiate it; and a second phase containing more detailed technical, economic, environmental and financial pre-feasibility studies for these projects. The studies clearly demonstrate that integration of gas networks has a very positive impact as a mechanism for supplying natural gas, a clean and abundant fuel in the sub region. The study concludes that implementing an integration plan will result in an increase in the competitiveness of regional economies.

Greenfield Gas Distribution : Cross-country Experience

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.4%
The study aims to present information about specific countries which have initiated gas distribution projects rather than suggestions. However, by drawing on the experience of a large number of countries, it also aims to provide practical lessons about issues which could potentially foster or impede gas distribution projects. The study emphasizes how countries vary in terms of the level of development of gas distribution networks. Chapter 3 outlines the major factors contributing to such diversity. These factors fall into three categories which form the basis for analyzing gas distribution in the countries selected in the study : supply-side factors, demand-side factors and policy choices of governments

Export Restraints on Russian Natural Gas and Raw Timber : What Are the Economic Impacts?

Tarr, David G.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.26%
Export restraints by the Russian Federation on natural gas and timber have been the source of major controversy between the European Union and the Russian Federation. The analysis of this paper suggests that the export restraints in natural gas very substantially benefit Russia. On the other hand, in raw timber the analysis suggests that a substantial reduction of Russian export taxes would increase Russian welfare. The paper explains that Gazprom has failed to invest adequately, resulting in little development of new gas supplies. The result has been progressively increasing use by Gazprom of Central Asian gas supplies, at progressively higher prices for Russia. The increased prices of gas for Russian consumers have shown that it is crucial for Russia to allow new entrants and to introduce competition in the Russian domestic market. Without export restraints, however, competition among multiple gas suppliers from Russia would erode or eliminate the monopoly profits of the Russian Federation on gas exports. Thus...

Private Participation in the Transmission and Distribution of Natural Gas : Recent Trends

Izaguirre, Ada Karina
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Viewpoint; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
This paper examines the increasing participation of the private sector in the transmission and distribution of natural gas in developing countries during the 1990s, resulting mainly from the growing demand for new gas transport facilities coinciding with a growing consensus in favor of private participation in infrastructure. This note, drawing on the bank's PPI (Private Participation in Infrastructure) Project database, provides an overview of the patterns and trends in the projects in the twenty six developing countries which introduced private participation in natural gas between 1990 and 1997. It concludes with the thought that growth in privately funded and operated export projects promise s to bring the economic and environmental benefits of natural gas to a larger number of countries.

Local Content in the Oil and Gas Sector

Tordo, Silvana; Warner, Michael; Manzano, Osmel E.; Anouti, Yahya
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
A number of countries have recently discovered and are developing oil and gas reserves. Policy makers in such countries are anxious to obtain the greatest benefits for their economies from the extraction of these exhaustible resources by designing appropriate policies to achieve desired goals. One important theme of such policies is the so-called local content created by the sector- the extent to which the output of the extractive industry sector generates further benefits to the economy beyond the direct contribution of its value-added, through its links to other sectors. Local Content Policies (LCPs) were first introduced in the North sea in the early 1970s and ranged from restrictions on imports to direct state intervention in the oil sector. While LCPs have the potential to stimulate broad-based economic development, which is necessary to alleviate poverty and achieve the United Nation's Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), their application in petroleum-rich countries has achieved mixed results. This paper serves to introduce the topic by describing policies and practices meant to foster the development of economic links from the petroleum sector, as adopted by a number of petroleum-producing countries both in and outside the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The paper is organized as follows: chapter one defines local content and briefly illustrates the links between the petroleum sector and other economic sectors (where policies may be able to increase the economic benefits of the petroleum sector). An attempt is made to measure local content levels in a wide sample of petroleum-producing countries including net importers and net exporters...

Regulatory Reform in Mexico's Natural Gas Industry : Liberalization in the Context of a Dominant Upstream Incumbent

Rosellon, Juan; Halpern, Jonathan
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
The natural gas industry combines activities with natural monopoly characterisitics with those that are potentially competitive. Pipeline transport and distribution, which have natural monopoly characterisitcs, require regulation of price and non-price behavior. Production is a contestable activity, but in a few countries (including Mexico) it remains a state monopoly. Gas marketing is also contestable, but the presence of a dominant, upstream, vertically integrated incumbent may pose significant barriers to entry. Market architecture decisions--such as horizontal structure, regional development, and the degree of vertical integration--are also crucial. The authors report that Mexico has undertaken structural reform in the energy sector more slowly than many other countries, but it has introduced changes to attract private investment in natural gas transport and distribution. These changes were a response to the rapid growth in demand for natural gas (about 10 percent a year) in Mexico, which was in turn a response to economic development and the enforcement of environmental regulations. The new regulatory framework provides incentives for firms to invest and operate efficiently and to bear much much of the risk associated with new projects. It also protects captive consumers and improves general economic welfare. The continued vertical integration of the state-owned company Pemex and its statutory monopoly in domestic production posed a challenge to regulators. Their response in liberalizing trade...

Nigeria Strategic Gas Plan

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
The study underlines the government's strategic role in promoting proactive gas development schemes, and the drive for change in gas flaring reduction, for better use of Nigeria's gas resources. It is an analysis and integration of independent proposals from international oil companies to the Government of Nigeria for gas utilization projects. The elements and policy framework are evaluated, so as to formulate a consolidated development plan for the country's gas resources, through a series of viable projects. It covers the basic elements of gas supply, the uses for gas, the sequence involved in gas planning evaluations, the background issues for gas planning - for Nigeria, and the development of a Stage I Gas Management Model.

Indonesia : Oil and Gas Sector Study

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
This study attempts to provide a broad, first cut review of the most pressing issues facing the sector, and to recommend ways to ameliorate or eliminate the problems. The main problems are: 1) petroleum product prices are heavily subsidized at the aggregate level and distorted at relative levels, and thus need to be rationalized within an economic framework; 2) the functions and role of the state oil and gas company (Pertamina) are problematic, and therefore Pertamina must be fundamentally restructured to eliminate the conflicts of interest and inefficiencies; 3) some of the provisions of the production sharing contracts are relatively regressive and need to be re-evaluated with a view to maximize the contribution of the sector to the economy, and to increase upstream investment by the private sector; 4) existing laws and regulations are inadequate and must be replaced; 5) petroleum products are of poor quality and must be improved, particularly by phasing out the lead from gasoline; and 6) energy sector institutions are weak and must be strengthened. Although the issues are complex and sweeping changes are needed...

Development of Competitive Natural Gas Markets in the United States

Juris, Andrej
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Viewpoint; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.26%
The United States has the world's largest natural gas market. Fifteen years of deregulation have delivered significant gains to consumers in the form of lower prices and more services. The experience shows that liberalizing wholesale gas prices and the bulk supply of natural gas frees market forces in segments where competition is feasible. But regulators must focus on improving the regulation of pipeline transportation and minimizing its distortive effect on competitive gas markets. Introducing flexibility into pricing and other conditions of transportaion contracts such as delivery locations or the balancing of gas shipments and standardizing pipeline operations promote more efficient use of pipelines and benefit all industry participants. The U.S. experience also shows the important role of gas marketers and spot markets in increasing the efficiency of gas transactions and prices. Deregulation of the U.S. gas industry is far from complete, however. The most important task, and the biggest challenge for regulators...

Battling corruption through csr codes in emerging markets: oil and gas industry

Costa,Ligia Maura
Fonte: Fundação Getulio Vargas/Escola de Administração de Empresas de São Paulo Publicador: Fundação Getulio Vargas/Escola de Administração de Empresas de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) codes of conduct are an effective mechanism for integrating responsible economic practices against corruption. This study intends to corroborate this assertion by means of a comparative analysis of CSR codes of conduct of major oil and gas companies operating in emerging markets. In this paper, we examine how oil and gas companies respond to corruption in their CSR codes of conduct. Further, we examine the provisions related to corruption issues embodied in international conventions and guidelines and the norms or standards of oil and gas associations, NGOs and international and multilateral organizations. In the final analysis, we access the extent to which provisions included in oil and gas companies' CSR codes of conduct are consistent with the current international context.

Shale Public Finance: Local government revenues and costs associated with oil and gas development

Raimi, D; Newell, RG
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Relatório
Publicado em 29/05/2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
Oil and gas development associated with shale resources has increased substantially in the United States, with important implications for local governments. These governments tend to experience increased revenue from a variety of sources, such as severance taxes distributed by the state government, local property taxes and sales taxes, direct payments from oil and gas companies, and in-kind contributions from those companies. Local governments also tend to face increased demand for services such as road repairs due to heavy truck traffic and from population growth associated with the oil and gas sector. This paper describes the major oil- and gas related revenues and service demands (i.e., costs) that county and municipal governments have experienced in Arkansas, Colorado, Louisiana, Montana, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, Texas, and Wyoming. Based on extensive interviews with officials in the most heavily affected parts of these states, along with analysis of financial data, it appears that most county and municipal governments have experienced net financial benefits, though some in western North Dakota and eastern Montana appear to have experienced net negative fiscal impacts. Some municipalities in rural Colorado and Wyoming also struggled to manage fiscal impacts during recent oil and gas booms...