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Avaliação da atividade antifúngica de óleo essencial de orégano (Origanum vulgare) nanoemulsionado e estudo de caso em queijo Minas Padrão; Evaluation of antifungal activity of nanoemulsions encapsulating oregano essential oil and case study in Minas Padrão cheese

Serna, Carolina Maria Bedoya
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/05/2015 PT
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Este trabalho de Mestrado teve por objetivo avaliar a atividade antifúngica in vitro e em queijo Minas Padrão de duas formulações (A e B) de nanoemulsões encapsulando óleo essencial de orégano (Origanum vulgare) produzidas pelo método da temperatura de inversão de fases (método PIT). Cladosporium sp., Fusarium sp. e Penicillium sp. foram os fungos identificados nas amostras de queijo Minas Padrão deteriorados. Tais cepas foram utilizadas na avaliação da atividade antifúngica in vitro e em queijo Minas Padrão do óleo de orégano nanoemulsionado. Nos testes in vitro foram determinadas as concentrações mínimas inibitórias (CMI) do óleo essencial de orégano puro e nanoemulsionado sobre o Cladosporium sp., Fusarium sp. e Penicillium sp. Foram utilizadas fatias de queijo Minas Padrão para avaliar o efeito inibitório das nanoemulsões contendo óleo essencial de orégano. Por último foi avaliado o efeito inibitório das nanoemulsões durante o processo de maturação de queijos Minas Padrão. Determinaram-se valores de CMI para óleo essencial puro de 0,2; 0,3 µg/ml para Fusarium sp. e Penicillium sp., respectivamente. Enquanto para as duas formulações de nanoemulsão; os valores de CMI dependeram da quantidade de óleo essencial de orégano que estava contido nelas...

Inhibitory effect of essential oils on Aspergillus growth and Aflatoxin accumulation

Costa, Cátia; Abrunhosa, Luís; Dias, Alberto Carlos Pires; Venâncio, Armando
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2015 ENG
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45.94%
Mycotoxins are produced as secondary products of filamentous fungi growth. Aflatoxins (AFs) are one of such toxins, being synthesized by various species of the genus Aspergillus. These mycotoxins have been widely studied, since they contaminate many foods used in human and animal diet, resulting in toxic effects in consumers. Thus, it is of extreme importance to find methodologies to reduce or inhibit the fungus and the production of toxins in food. Plants of some families are distinguished for their richness in essential oils and produce volatile fractions which have been used for various purposes. Research on essential oils has gained high attention in recent years due to their natural antimicrobiologic properties, which suppress the growth and the biosynthesis of mycotoxins. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of essential oils on fungal growth and on AF accumulation. Essential oils from eight aromatic plants were tested for their inhibitory effect. The antifungal activity was carried out in in vitro conditions, on PDA, by assessing the volatile phase effect towards mycelial growth of Aspergillus parasiticus MUM 92.02 and aflatoxin production. Mycelial growth was monitored by measuring the diameter of growing colonies...

Antifungal activity of different neem leaf extracts and the nimonol against some important human pathogens

Mahmoud,D.A; Hassanein,N.M; Youssef,K.A; Abou Zeid,M.A
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2011 EN
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45.85%
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of aqueous, ethanolic and ethyl acetate extracts from neem leaves on growth of some human pathogens (Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus terreus, Candida albicans and Microsporum gypseum) in vitro. Different concentrations (5, 10, 15 and 20%) prepared from these extracts inhibited the growth of the test pathogens and the effect gradually increased with concentration. The 20% ethyl acetate extract gave the strongest inhibition compared with the activity obtained by the same concentration of the other extracts. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) analysis of ethyl acetate extract showed the presence of a main component (nimonol) which was purified and chemically confirmed by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopic analysis. The 20% ethyl acetate extract lost a part of its antifungal effect after pooling out the nimonol and this loss in activity was variable on test pathogens. The purified nimonol as a separate compound did not show any antifungal activity when assayed against all the six fungal pathogens.

Inhibitory effect of essential oils against Trichosporon ovoides causing Piedra Hair Infection

Saxena,Seema; Uniyal,Veena; Bhatt,R.P.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 EN
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35.9%
Piedra, is an asymptomatic fungal infection of the hair shaft, resulting in the formation of nodules of different hardness on the infected hair. The infection also known as Trichomycosis nodularis is a superficial fungal infection arising from the pathogen being restricted to the stratum corneum with little or no tissue reaction. The nodules are a concretion of hyphae and fruiting bodies of the fungus. Two varieties of Piedra may be seen, Black Piedra and White Piedra. The fungus Trichosporon ovoides is involved in the occurrence of both types of Piedras. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of selected essential oils for the control of growth of the fungus and to determine whether the antifungal effect was due to the major compounds of the oils. Two screening methods viz. Agar well diffusion assay and Minimum Inhibitory Concentration were adopted for the study. MIC and MFC were determined by tube dilution method. Essential oils from Eucalyptus, Ocimum basilicum, Mentha piperita, Cymbopogon flexuosus, Cymbopogon winterians, Trachyspermum ammi, Zingiber officinalis, Citrus limon, Cinnamomon zeylanicum, Salvia sclarea, Citrus aurantifolia, Melaleuca alternifolia, Citrus aurantium, Citrus bergamia, Pogostemon pathchouli...

A conserved tyrosine in the neck of a fungal kinesin regulates the catalytic motor core

Schäfer, Friederike; Deluca, Dominga; Majdic, Ulrike; Kirchner, Joachim; Schliwa, Manfred; Moroder, Luis; Woehlke, Günther
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/02/2003 EN
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35.89%
The neck domain of fungal conventional kinesins displays characteristic properties which are reflected in a specific sequence pattern. The exchange of the strictly conserved Tyr 362, not present in animals, into Lys, Cys or Phe leads to a failure to dimerize. The destabilizing effect is confirmed by a lower coiled-coil propensity of mutant peptides. Whereas the Phe substitution has only a structural effect, the Lys and Cys replacements lead to dramatic kinetic changes. The steady state ATPase is 4- to 7-fold accelerated, which may be due to a faster microtubule-stimulated ADP release rate. These data suggest that an inhibitory effect of the fungal neck domain on the motor core is mediated by direct interaction of the aromatic ring of Tyr 362 with the head, whereas the OH group is essential for dimerization. This is the first demonstration of a direct influence of the kinesin neck region in regulation of the catalytic activity.

Voriconazole Inhibits Fungal Growth without Impairing Antigen Presentation or T-Cell Activation

Van Epps, Heather L.; Feldmesser, Marta; Pamer, Eric G.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2003 EN
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35.91%
Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is the most common life-threatening invasive mold infection worldwide. The principal therapy for IA is amphotericin B, despite its known toxicity and immunosuppressive side effects. Studies in animal models of IA suggest a role for T lymphocytes in the pathology of the disease, although the precise role for Aspergillus-specific T cells remains undefined. The isolation and characterization of T lymphocytes in animal models of IA are hampered by the rapid outgrowth of the fungus in cultures derived from infected organs. In the present study, we tested the abilities of the antifungal drugs caspofungin acetate and voriconazole to inhibit fungal growth in vitro as a means of maintaining cultures of T cells from Aspergillus-infected mice. We demonstrate that while both antifungal drugs are inhibitory, only voriconazole completely inhibited fungal growth, allowing long-term maintenance of T-cell cultures. In addition, voriconazole had no inhibitory effect on the activation and maturation of dendritic cells or the proliferation of T lymphocytes. Thus, voriconazole appears to be a promising agent for use in in vitro studies of Aspergillus-specific T lymphocytes in animal models of IA.

Inhibitory Effect of Antiserum to Surface Antigen P50 of Babesia gibsoni on Growth of Parasites in Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Mice Given Canine Red Blood Cells

Fukumoto, Shinya; Xuan, Xuenan; Takabatake, Noriyuki; Igarashi, Ikuo; Sugimoto, Chihiro; Fujisaki, Kozo; Nagasawa, Hideyuki; Mikami, Takeshi; Suzuki, Hiroshi
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2004 EN
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55.79%
The inhibitory effect of an antiserum to surface protein P50 of Babesia gibsoni on the growth of the parasite was determined with severe combined immunodeficiency mice given canine red blood cells. The antiserum to the recombinant P50 protein significantly inhibited the parasite growth, indicating that P50 might be a useful vaccine candidate.

Mode of Action of Invasion-Inhibitory Antibodies Directed against Apical Membrane Antigen 1 of Plasmodium falciparum

Dutta, Sheetij; Haynes, J. David; Barbosa, Arnoldo; Ware, Lisa A.; Snavely, Jeffrey D.; Moch, J. Kathleen; Thomas, Alan W.; Lanar, David E.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2005 EN
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45.84%
Antibodies against apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA-1) of Plasmodium falciparum inhibit merozoite invasion into erythrocytes. Invasion-inhibitory polyclonal AMA-1 antibodies inhibit secondary proteolytic processing and surface redistribution of AMA-1 on merozoites. We present evidence supporting inhibition of processing and redistribution as probable causes of inhibition of invasion by polyclonal antibodies. Polyclonal anti-AMA-1 was much more inhibitory than monoclonal antibody (MAb) 4G2dc1 in an invasion assay. Although both polyclonal and monoclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) inhibited secondary processing of the 66-kDa form of AMA-1, only polyclonal IgG caused its anomalous processing, inhibited its redistribution, and cross-linked soluble forms of AMA-1 on merozoites. Moreover, Fab fragments of polyclonal IgG that fail to cross-link did not show the enhancement of inhibitory effect over intact IgG, as observed in the case of Fab fragments of MAb 4G2dc1. We propose that although blocking of biologically important sites is a common direct mode of action of anti-AMA-1 antibodies, blocking of AMA-1 secondary processing and redistribution are additional indirect inhibitory mechanisms by which polyclonal IgG inhibits invasion. We also report a processing inhibition assay that uses a C-terminal AMA-1-specific MAb...

Growth-Inhibitory Antibodies Are Not Necessary for Protective Immunity to Malaria Infection▿

Murhandarwati, E. Elsa Herdiana; Wang, Lina; de Silva, Harini D.; Ma, Charles; Plebanski, Magdalena; Black, Casilda G.; Coppel, Ross L.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Publicador: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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35.86%
The absence of a validated surrogate marker for the immune state has complicated the design of a subunit vaccine against asexual stages of Plasmodium falciparum. In particular, it is not known whether the capacity to induce antibodies that inhibit parasite growth in vitro is an important criterion for selection of P. falciparum proteins to be assessed in human vaccine trials. We examined this issue in the Plasmodium yoelii rodent malaria model using the 19-kDa C-terminal fragment of merozoite surface protein 1 (MSP119). To examine the relationship between inhibitory antibodies in immunized mice and the immune state, as indicated by resistance to a blood-stage challenge, we used an allelic replacement strategy to generate a transgenic P. falciparum line that expresses MSP119 from P. yoelii. We show that MSP119 is functionally conserved across these two divergent Plasmodium species, and replacing PfMSP119 with PyMSP119 has no detectable effect on parasite growth in vitro. By comparing growth rates of this transgenic line with a matched transgenic line that expresses the endogenous PfMSP119, we developed an assay to measure the specific growth-inhibitory activity directed exclusively to the PyMSP119 protein in the sera from vaccinated animals. To validate this assay...

The inhibitory effect of cerulenin to yeasts is fungicidal

Nguyen, Long Nam; Nosanchuk, Joshua D.
Fonte: Landes Bioscience Publicador: Landes Bioscience
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/11/2011 EN
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45.84%
Fatty acid biosynthesis plays a significant role in the growth and survival of diverse organisms. In yeasts, the de novo fatty acid synthesis (FAS) pathway produces and regulates essential fatty acid species such as saturated (SFA) and unsaturated (UFA) fatty acids that are required for generation and maintenance of cell membranes. Inhibition of enzymes in this pathway, such as fatty acid synthase and fatty acid desaturase, impede yeast cell growth unless appropriate exogenous fatty acids are provided.1,2 Although, the fatty acid biosynthesis pathway is essential to yeast cells, exploration of this pathway for combating fungal infections has been largely neglected. We and others have shown that deletion of a fatty acid synthase dramatically attenuates the virulence of the yeast Candida parapsilosis 2 and Candida albicans.1 Significantly, our data has revealed that inhibition of FAS enzymes results in the hypersensitivity of the yeast to serum, indicating that targeting this pathway is potentially an ideal way to combat systemic yeast infections.2 We demonstrated that using the minimal inhibitory concentration of cerulenin, a fatty acid synthase inhibitor, we could kill the wild type yeast cells in serum.2 Thus, the inhibitory effect of cerulenin (ie. blockade of the FAS pathway) on the yeast cells is fungicidal.

Inhibitory Effect of Algal Extracts on Mycelial Growth of the Tomato-Wilt Pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici

Kim, Jiyoung; Kim, Jeong-Dong
Fonte: The Korean Society of Mycology Publicador: The Korean Society of Mycology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
The present study was undertaken to explore the inhibitory effect of cyanobacterial extracts of Nostoc commune FA-103 against the tomato-wilt pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici. In an optimal medium, cell growth, antifungal activity, and antifungal compound production could be increased 2.7-fold, 4.1-fold, and 13.4-fold, respectively. A crude algal extract had a similar effect as mancozeb at the recommended dose, both in laboratory and pot tests. In vitro and in vivo fungal growth, spore sporulation and fungal infection of wilt pathogen in tomato seeds were significantly inhibited by cyanobacterial extracts. Nostoc commune FA-103 extracts have potential for the suppression of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici.

Inhibitory effect of essential oils against Trichosporon ovoides causing Piedra Hair Infection

Saxena, Seema; Uniyal, Veena; Bhatt, R.P.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.9%
Piedra, is an asymptomatic fungal infection of the hair shaft, resulting in the formation of nodules of different hardness on the infected hair. The infection also known as Trichomycosis nodularis is a superficial fungal infection arising from the pathogen being restricted to the stratum corneum with little or no tissue reaction. The nodules are a concretion of hyphae and fruiting bodies of the fungus. Two varieties of Piedra may be seen, Black Piedra and White Piedra. The fungus Trichosporon ovoides is involved in the occurrence of both types of Piedras. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of selected essential oils for the control of growth of the fungus and to determine whether the antifungal effect was due to the major compounds of the oils. Two screening methods viz. Agar well diffusion assay and Minimum Inhibitory Concentration were adopted for the study. MIC and MFC were determined by tube dilution method. Essential oils from Eucalyptus, Ocimum basilicum, Mentha piperita, Cymbopogon flexuosus, Cymbopogon winterians, Trachyspermum ammi, Zingiber officinalis, Citrus limon, Cinnamomon zeylanicum, Salvia sclarea, Citrus aurantifolia, Melaleuca alternifolia, Citrus aurantium, Citrus bergamia, Pogostemon pathchouli...

Effect of Commercial Cyanobacteria Products on the Growth and Antagonistic Ability of Some Bioagents under Laboratory Conditions

El-Mougy, Nehal S.; Abdel-Kader, Mokhtar M.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.89%
Evaluation of the efficacy of blue-green algal compounds against the growth of either pathogenic or antagonistic microorganisms as well as their effect on the antagonistic ability of bioagents was studied under in vitro conditions. The present study was undertaken to explore the inhibitory effect of commercial algal compounds, Weed-Max and Oligo-Mix, against some soil-borne pathogens. In growth medium supplemented with these algal compounds, the linear growth of pathogenic fungi decreased by increasing tested concentrations of the two algal compounds. Complete reduction in pathogenic fungal growth was observed at 2% of both Weed-Max and Oligo-Mix. Gradual significant reduction in the pathogenic fungal growth was caused by the two bioagents and by increasing the concentrations of algal compounds Weed-Max and Oligo-Mix. The present work showed that commercial algal compounds, Weed-Max and Oligo-Mix, have potential for the suppression of soil-borne fungi and enhance the antagonistic ability of fungal, bacterial, and yeast bio-agents.

Characterization of Scedosporium apiospermum Glucosylceramides and Their Involvement in Fungal Development and Macrophage Functions

Rollin-Pinheiro, Rodrigo; Liporagi-Lopes, Livia Cristina; de Meirelles, Jardel Vieira; de Souza, Lauro M.; Barreto-Bergter, Eliana
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/05/2014 EN
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35.87%
Scedosporium apiospermum is an emerging fungal pathogen that causes both localized and disseminated infections in immunocompromised patients. Glucosylceramides (CMH, GlcCer) are the main neutral glycosphingolipids expressed in fungal cells. In this study, glucosylceramides (GlcCer) were extracted and purified in several chromatographic steps. Using high-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), N-2′-hydroxyhexadecanoyl-1-β-D-glucopyranosyl-9-methyl-4,8-sphingadienine was identified as the main GlcCer in S. apiospermum. A monoclonal antibody (Mab) against this molecule was used for indirect immunofluorescence experiments, which revealed that this CMH is present on the surface of the mycelial and conidial forms of S. apiospermum. Treatment of S. apiospermum conidia with the Mab significantly reduced fungal growth. In addition, the Mab also enhanced the phagocytosis and killing of S. apiospermum by murine cells. In vitro assays were performed to evaluate the CMHs for their cytotoxic activities against the mammalian cell lines L.929 and RAW, and an inhibitory effect on cell proliferation was observed. Synergistic in vitro interactions were observed between the Mab against GlcCer and both amphotericin B (AmB) and itraconazole. Because Scedosporium species develop drug resistance...

Antagonistic effect of protein extracts from Streptococcus sanguinis on pathogenic bacteria and fungi of the oral cavity

MA, SHENGLI; LI, HUI; YAN, CHUANG; WANG, DAN; LI, HAIQING; XIA, XUE; DONG, XUE; ZHAO, YINGNAN; SUN, TINGTING; HU, PENGFEI; GUAN, WEIJUN
Fonte: D.A. Spandidos Publicador: D.A. Spandidos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
An antibacterial substance from Streptococcus sanguinis (S. sanguinis) is known to have an inhibitory effect on putative periodontal pathogens, but its inhibitory effect on pathogens of oral candidiasis is unknown. In this study, intracellular and exocrine proteins were extracted from S. sanguinis. The antagonistic effect of the protein extracts on Prevotella intermedia (P. intermedia) and Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) was detected by a well-plate technique, and the effects of the protein extracts on biofilms formed by these bacteria were evaluated by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The antagonistic effect of the protein extracts on pathogenic fungi was investigated using Candida albicans (C. albicans) and Candida tropicalis (C. tropicalis). The growth curves of C. albicans and C. tropicalis were determined from ultraviolet absorption measurements, their morphological changes following treatment were observed by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, and the effects of the protein extracts on the thickness of their biofilms and the distribution of dead/live bacteria within the biofilms were detected by confocal laser scanning microscopy. The results showed significant inhibitory effects of the intracellular proteins extracted from S. sanguinis on pathogenic bacteria (P. intermedia and P. gingivalis)...

Alginate Oligosaccharides Inhibit Fungal Cell Growth and Potentiate the Activity of Antifungals against Candida and Aspergillus spp

Tøndervik, Anne; Sletta, Håvard; Klinkenberg, Geir; Emanuel, Charlotte; Powell, Lydia C.; Pritchard, Manon F.; Khan, Saira; Craine, Kieron M.; Onsøyen, Edvar; Rye, Phil D.; Wright, Chris; Thomas, David W.; Hill, Katja E.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/11/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.87%
The oligosaccharide OligoG, an alginate derived from seaweed, has been shown to have anti-bacterial and anti-biofilm properties and potentiates the activity of selected antibiotics against multi-drug resistant bacteria. The ability of OligoG to perturb fungal growth and potentiate conventional antifungal agents was evaluated using a range of pathogenic fungal strains. Candida (n = 11) and Aspergillus (n = 3) spp. were tested using germ tube assays, LIVE/DEAD staining, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and high-throughput minimum inhibition concentration assays (MICs). In general, the strains tested showed a significant dose-dependent reduction in cell growth at ≥6% OligoG as measured by optical density (OD600; P<0.05). OligoG (>0.5%) also showed a significant inhibitory effect on hyphal growth in germ tube assays, although strain-dependent variations in efficacy were observed (P<0.05). SEM and AFM both showed that OligoG (≥2%) markedly disrupted fungal biofilm formation, both alone, and in combination with fluconazole. Cell surface roughness was also significantly increased by the combination treatment (P<0.001). High-throughput robotic MIC screening demonstrated the potentiating effects of OligoG (2...

An Evaluation of Antifungal Agents for the Treatment of Fungal Contamination in Indoor Air Environments

Rogawansamy, Senthaamarai; Gaskin, Sharyn; Taylor, Michael; Pisaniello, Dino
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
Fungal contamination in indoor environments has been associated with adverse health effects for the inhabitants. Remediation of fungal contamination requires removal of the fungi present and modifying the indoor environment to become less favourable to growth.  This may include treatment of indoor environments with an antifungal agent to prevent future growth. However there are limited published data or advice on chemical agents suitable for indoor fungal remediation. The aim of this study was to assess the relative efficacies of five commercially available cleaning agents with published or anecdotal use for indoor fungal remediation. The five agents included two common multi-purpose industrial disinfectants (Cavicide® and Virkon®), 70% ethanol, vinegar (4.0%−4.2% acetic acid), and a plant-derived compound (tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oil) tested in both a liquid and vapour form. Tea tree oil has recently generated interest for its antimicrobial efficacy in clinical settings, but has not been widely employed for fungal remediation. Each antifungal agent was assessed for fungal growth inhibition using a disc diffusion method against a representative species from two common fungal genera, (Aspergillus fumigatus and Penicillium chrysogenum)...

Pseudomonas aeruginosa inhibits the growth of Scedosporium aurantiacum, an opportunistic fungal pathogen isolated from the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients

Kaur, Jashanpreet; Pethani, Bhavin P.; Kumar, Sheemal; Kim, Minkyoung; Sunna, Anwar; Kautto, Liisa; Penesyan, Anahit; Paulsen, Ian T.; Nevalainen, Helena
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/08/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.06%
The filamentous fungus Scedosporium aurantiacum and the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa are opportunistic pathogens isolated from lungs of the cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. P. aeruginosa has been known to suppress the growth of a number of CF related fungi such as Aspergillus fumigatus, Candida albicans, and Cryptococcus neoformans. However, the interactions between P. aeruginosa and S. aurantiacum have not been investigated in depth. Hence we assessed the effect of P. aeruginosa reference strain PAO1 and two clinical isolates PASS1 and PASS2 on the growth of two clinical S. aurantiacum isolates WM 06.482 and WM 08.202 using solid plate assays and liquid cultures, in a synthetic medium mimicking the nutrient condition in the CF sputum. Solid plate assays showed a clear inhibition of growth of both S. aurantiacum strains when cultured with P. aeruginosa strains PASS1 and PAO1. The inhibitory effect was confirmed by confocal microscopy. In addition to using chemical fluorescent stains, strains tagged with yfp (P. aeruginosa PASS1) and mCherry (S. aurantiacum WM 06.482) were created to facilitate detailed microscopic observations on strain interaction. To our knowledge, this is the first study describing successful genetic transformation of S. aurantiacum. Inhibition of growth was observed only in co-cultures of P. aeruginosa and S. aurantiacum; the cell fractions obtained from independent bacterial monocultures failed to initiate a response against the fungus. In the liquid co-cultures...

An evaluation of antifungal agents for the treatment of fungal contamination in indoor air environments

Rogawansamy, S.; Gaskin, S.; Taylor, M.; Pisaniello, D.
Fonte: MDPI AG Publicador: MDPI AG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
Fungal contamination in indoor environments has been associated with adverse health effects for the inhabitants. Remediation of fungal contamination requires removal of the fungi present and modifying the indoor environment to become less favourable to growth.  This may include treatment of indoor environments with an antifungal agent to prevent future growth. However there are limited published data or advice on chemical agents suitable for indoor fungal remediation. The aim of this study was to assess the relative efficacies of five commercially available cleaning agents with published or anecdotal use for indoor fungal remediation. The five agents included two common multi-purpose industrial disinfectants (Cavicide® and Virkon®), 70% ethanol, vinegar (4.0%-4.2% acetic acid), and a plant-derived compound (tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oil) tested in both a liquid and vapour form. Tea tree oil has recently generated interest for its antimicrobial efficacy in clinical settings, but has not been widely employed for fungal remediation. Each antifungal agent was assessed for fungal growth inhibition using a disc diffusion method against a representative species from two common fungal genera, (Aspergillus fumigatus and Penicillium chrysogenum)...

Combined effect of Cinnamomum zeylanicum blume essential oil and nystatin on strains of non-albicans Candida

Dias Castro,Ricardo; Leite Cavalcanti,Alessandro; de Oliveira Lima,Edeltrudes
Fonte: Revista Cubana de Estomatología Publicador: Revista Cubana de Estomatología
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.93%
Introduction: considering the emergence of resistant species of albicans and non-albicans Candida to agents therapeutically available as a result of the increased number of immunocompromised population and of the increasingly frequent use of prophylaxis and empirical treatment with antifungals, it's verified that there is a clear and emerging need to introduce new antimicrobials agents in the therapeutic arsenal. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antifungal activity of essential oil of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume alone and combined with Nystatin on strains of C. tropicalis and C. krusei. Methods: this was an experimental research in laboratory. It was determined the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration, using the microdilution method, as well as the Fractional Inhibitory Concentration to determine the possible synergistic effects of the association. Strains of C. tropicalis ATCC 40147 and C. krusei ATCC 40042 were used in the tests. When assessed separately, C. zeylanicum essential oil and Nystatin presented Minimum Inhibitory Concentration of 312,5 µg/mL and 64 µg/mL, respectively, on both tested strains. Results: When combined, were found Minimum Inhibitory Concentration of 39 µg/mL and 32 µg/mL for the essential oil and for Nystatin...