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Survival and early growth of mixed forest stands in a Mediterranean region: effects of site preparation intensity

Fonseca, Felícia; Martins, Afonso; Figueiredo, Tomás de
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Bragança
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.82%
Mechanical site preparation to install forest plantations can be justified by numerous reasons as limiting ding weed competition, increasing effective soil depth, reducing soil strength to encourage root expansion, improving water holding capacity and nutrient availability. These effects are especially important in the Mediterranean Region, where water shortage is the main factor limiting the success of afforestation. In order to better understand the effects of site preparation on soil properties and plant behaviour, an experimental field was installed near Macedo de Cavaleiros, Northern Portugal, at 700 m elevation, mean annual temperature 12ºC and mean annual rainfall 650 mm, with a typically Mediterranean seasonal distribution. This field, consisting of six treatments, randomly distributed in plots with 375 m2, and comprised three blocks (replicates). Pseudotsuga menziesii (PM) and Castanea sativa (CS) were used as forest species, on 4  2 m density and alternate rows (2 for PM, 2 for CS), summing 12 plants per row in each plot. The treatments, representing different tillage intensities, were: (1) no tillage and hole plantation with hole digger (SMPC); (2) continuous subsoiling, using a covering shovel and plantation in the furrow (RCAV); (3) no subsoiling with furrow-hillock surface soil with two plough passes and plantation in the hillock side (SRVC); (4) located subsoiling...

Estimativa volumétrica por modelo misto e tecnologia laser aerotransportado em plantios clonais de Eucalyptus sp; Estimating Eucalyptus forest plantation volume by mixed-effect model and by LiDAR-based model

Carvalho, Samuel de Pádua Chaves e
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/07/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.5%
O trabalho se estruturou em torno de dois estudos. O primeiro avaliou o ajuste de um modelo não linear de efeito misto para descrever o afilamento do tronco de árvores clonais de eucalipto. O modelo utilizado para descrever as variações da altura em função do raio foi o logístico de quatro parâmetros que, por integração permitiu a estimação do volume das árvores. A incorporação de funções de variância no processo de ajuste resultou em redução significativa no valor do Critério de informação de Akaike, mas os resíduos não apresentaram melhorias notáveis. Com a finalidade de compatibilizar precisão e parcimônia, o modelo que considera as variações do afilamento como uma função da altura total e do raio à altura do peito mostrou-se como o mais indicado para a estimativa do volume de árvores por funções de afilamento. O segundo estudo analisou uma nova proposta para inventários florestais em plantios clonais de eucalipto que integra modelagem geoestatística, medições de circunferência das árvores em campo e a tecnologia LiDAR aeroembarcada. As estatísticas propostas mostraram que o modelo geoestatístico com função para média foi estatisticamente superior ao modelo com média constante, com erros reduzidos em até 40%. A altura das árvores que compuseram o grid de predição para aplicação do modelo geoestatístico foi obtida pelo processamento da nuvem de pontos dos dados LiDAR. Obtidos os pares de diâmetro e altura...

Origem e retenção da matéria orgânica em solos sob sistemas de produção florestal no Sul do Brasil; Origin and retention of soil organic matter in forest systems in southern Brazil

Santana, Graciele Sarante
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
Tendo em vista o aumento das áreas com florestas plantadas nos últimos anos e que a matéria orgânica do solo (MOS) é afetada diretamente pelos diferentes usos do solo, este trabalho teve como objetivo investigar a origem e retenção da matéria orgânica em solos subtropicais brasileiros sob sistemas de produção florestal. Para atingir esse objetivo, três estudos foram desenvolvidos. No estudo 1, as alterações das propriedade químicas do solo e a composição química da MOS foram investigadas em Cambissolos sob cultivo de Acacia e de Eucalyptus há 7 anos. O cultivo de Acacia favoreceu o aumento da saturação de alumínio e redução do pH, Ca+2 e Mg+2, enquanto que no solo sob Eucalyptus, devido a aplicação de calcário, isso não foi observado. O teor de C do solo não foi alterado após o cultivo de Acacia e de Eucalyptus, porém o aumento de compostos derivados de polissacarídeos e o enriquecimento de C31 no solo sob Acacia, indica a entrada de material vegetal da serrapilheira da Acacia. No solo sob Eucalyptus não houve evidência de entrada de material da serrapilheira do Eucalyptus, no entanto, a presença de compostos mais degradados indicou alteração da composição da MOS após introdução do Eucalyptus. O estudo 2 foi realizado nas mesmas áreas do estudo 1...

Diversity and population characteristics of terrestrial isopods (Crustacea, Oniscidea) across three forest environments in southern Brazil

Bugs,Priscila da Silva; Araujo,Paula Beatriz; Mendonça Júnior,Milton de Souza; Ott,Ricardo
Fonte: Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.81%
Terrestrial isopods are important and dominant component of meso and macrodecomposer soil communities. The present study investigates the diversity and species composition of terrestrial isopods on three forests on the Serra Geral of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The area has two natural formations (Primary Woodland and Secondary Woodland) and one plantation of introduced Pinus. The pitfall traps operated from March 2001 to May 2002, with two summer periods and one winter. There were 14 sampling dates overall. Of the five species found: Alboscia silveirensis Araujo, 1999, Atlantoscia floridana (van Name, 1940), Benthana araucariana Araujo & Lopes, 2003 (Philoscidae), Balloniscus glaber Araujo & Zardo, 1995 (Balloniscidae) and Styloniscus otakensis (Chilton, 1901) (Styloniscidae); only A. floridana is abundant on all environments and B. glaber is nearly exclusive for the native forests. The obtained data made it possible to infer about population characteristics of this species. The Similarity Analysis showed a quantitative difference among the Secondary forest and Pinus plantation, but not a qualitative one. The operational sex ratio (OSR) analysis for A. floridana does not reveal significant differences in male and female proportions among environments. The reproductive period identified in the present study for A. floridana was from spring to autumn in the primary forest and Pinus plantation and during all year for the secondary forest. The OSR analysis for B. glaber reveals no significant differences in abundance between males and females for secondary forest...

Afforestation and plantation forestry

Kanowski, Peter
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 97245 bytes; 354 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.85%
Plantation forests now comprise around 135 million ha globally, with annual plantation afforestation and reforestation rates nearing 10% of total area. Some 90% of plantation forests have been established primarily to provide industrial wood, and their relative global importance in this role is increasing rapidly. Most of the remaining 10% of plantation forests were established primarily to supply fuel or wood for non-industrial use. About 75% of the existing plantation forest estate is established in temperate regions, but it is in the tropics that the rate of expansion is greatest. The expanding tropical plantation forest estate includes trees grown primarily as agricultural plantation crops and which now also supply wood to forest industries. Almost all existing plantation forests were established and are managed as even-aged monocultures; species and interspecific hybrids of a few genera dominate plantation forestry worldwide. Effective research and development, based on appropriate genetic resources and good silviculture, are the foundations of successful plantation forestry production. Resolving relatively fundamental issues remain the priority in many young plantation programmes; in more advanced programmes, the application of more sophisticated technologies - particularly in biotechnology and processing - is necessary to maintain improvements in production. Many plantation forests...

Global wood market, prices and plantation investment

Clark, Judy
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 349948 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
A global wood shortage generating real inflation-adjusted price increases for wood has been a long and widely-held expectation. This paper assesses the validity of this view by examining global trends in wood and wood-products consumption, developing a model to explain movements in wood prices and testing it empirically. No evidence was found of increasing real prices for wood over the long-term, indicating that there is no looming global wood shortage. A global wood shortage is not predicted because technology is increasing resource productivity, enabling wood products to be made using less wood, and also increasing wood supply. It is superficial to interpret this to mean that there is little to worry about from a native forest biodiversity perspective. The analysis presented in this paper suggests that real prices for wood are likely to continue to fall. This will discourage commercially-driven investment in plantation establishment on existing agricultural land. But industrial pressure will continue for a wood resource that is attractive in cost and quality terms, increasing the risk of biodiversity loss through intensification of native forest manage-ment and clearing of native forests for plantations. It is prudent to consider approaches that encourage plantation investment on existing agriculture land using the price mechanism. Currently...

Seasonal and Interannual Variability of Photosynthetic Capacity in Relation to Leaf Nitrogen in a Deciduous Forest Plantation in Northern Italy

GRASSI GIACOMO; VICINELLI Elisa; PONTI Francesca; CANTONI Lucia; MAGNANI Federico
Fonte: HERON PUBLISHING Publicador: HERON PUBLISHING
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.45%
Gas exchange was measured in a forest plantation dominated by Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl. and Quercus robur L. in northern Italy, over three growing seasons that differed in water availability (2001, 2002 and 2003). The objectives were to: (1) determine variability in the photosynthetic parameters Vcmax (maximum carboxylation capacity) and Jmax (maximum rate of electron transport) in relation to species, leaf ontogeny and drought; and (2) assess the potential of the photosynthesis¿nitrogen relationship for estimating leaf photosynthetic capacity. Marked seasonal and interannual variability in photosynthetic capacity was observed, primarily caused by changes in leaf ontogeny and water stress. Relatively small differences were apparent between species. In the absence of water stress (year 2002), the seasonal patterns of Vcmax and Jmax were characterized by a rapid increase during spring, a relatively steady state during summer and a rapid decline during autumn. In years with a moderate (year 2001) or a severe (year 2003) water stress, photosynthetic capacity decreased during the summer in proportion to drought intensity, without a parallel decline in leaf nitrogen content. The Vcmax¿nitrogen relationship was significantly affected by both leaf ontogeny and drought. As a consequence...

Ants obtained from trees of a "Jacareuba" (Calophyllum brasiliense) forest plantation in Central Amazonia by canopy fogging: first results

HARADA,Ana Yoshi; ADIS,Joachim
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.61%
Canopies of the locally occurring Amazonian tree species Calophyllum brasiliense. Camb. (Guttiferae, height 10 m) were fogged after dawn on the same day at five adjacent localities in a 20-year-old plantation at the Adolpho Ducke Forest Reserve near Manaus/Brazil, using natural pyrethrum (0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%), Baythroid (0.3%) and diesel oil, respectively. The 1152 ants collected represented 52 species, 17 genera and five subfamilies. The highest number of ant species was obtained with the synthetic pyrethrum Baythroid 0.3% and with natural pyrethrum 1.5%. About 46% of the total ant species were only collected in the first hour after fogging, and 17% only during the second hour, after trees had been heavily shaken. About 73% of the total ant specimens dropped in the first hour. Data on alpha-diversity, eveness and frequency of ants indicated a rapidly decreasing knock-down effect of both the synthetic and natural pyrethrum after application. The ant fauna in the canopy of C. brasiliense is somewhat distinct compared with that of Goupia glabra Aubl. (Celastraceae, height 45 m) from the primary forest of the reserve.

Vietnam - Aligning Public Spending with Strategic Priorities in the Forestry Sector

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
Vietnam's forests remain dependent on public resources, including international development assistance, for the delivery of public and private services that include timber production, state forest management, forest protection and biodiversity conservation, and extension and research. Public subsidies are also provided to smallholder forest owners to stimulate investments into the sector. For the Government it is important to efficiently manage public resources as well as secure adequate resource flows from private actors to achieve the sector's development objectives. This study provides an overview of the more recent developments in the forestry sector as well as basic analytical support to the Government, in particular policy makers in the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Ministry of Finance, and the Ministry of Planning and Investment, with regard to structure, trends, and main functions of public and other expenditure in the forestry sector. The study assesses resource adequacy and whether public spending is appropriately prioritized and aligned with sector objectives. Given the constraints of limited availability and quality of data...

China Forest Policy : Deepening the Transition, Broadening the Relationship

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.88%
A pattern of forest area loss followed by a period of reforestation is representative of the forest transition process. Forest transition has been observed in many countries and is a feature of the development process. China reached its inflection point earlier and faster than most other countries that have gone through the transition. The report describes the success of reforms to forest resource tenure in collective forest areas. These reforms, which collectively amount to the largest transfer of forest assets in history, have effectively extended forest ownership to a million, mostly poor, rural households. These reforms have increased forest-based incomes, have increased timber harvests, and have done so sustainably by virtue of increasing planting and forest management and resource protection effort. The World Bank work in China's forestry sector has been successful. However, the developments discussed in this report raise new opportunities and challenges. It is no longer clear, for example, that World Bank loans are especially important in relation to the financing of commercial plantations. While the Bank has begun to move its plantation financing to public goods...

Participation in Sustainable Forest Management : Linking Forests and People in Kenya

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.88%
This forest policy note was prepared to provide input to the ongoing forest sector reform in Kenya on participation in sustainable forest management. It offers recommendations on possible priority forest policy actions within the forthcoming Natural Resource Management (NRM) Project. The latter focuses enhancing the capacity of Kenyans to manage the natural resource base and resources available to poor and vulnerable communities. By outlining priority actions, such as improving the forest information base and establishing accountability mechanisms, while at the same time seizing the opportunities for engagement of local communities and private investors, the policy note outlines a set of actions critical for increased participation in sustainable forest management. In this respect the policy note supports the World Bank's Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) and the more recent CAS progress report. The latter emphasizes the Bank's strategy on growth and poverty reduction, but gives enhanced attention to equity and governance. The forest policy note complements previous the World Bank-supported analytical work in the forest sector since 2004...

Diversity patterns of ground beetles and understory vegetation in mature, secondary, and plantation forest regions of temperate northern China

Zou, Yi; Sang, Weiguo; Wang, Shunzhong; Warren-Thomas, Eleanor; Liu, Yunhui; Yu, Zhenrong; Wang, Changliu; Axmacher, Jan Christoph
Fonte: BlackWell Publishing Ltd Publicador: BlackWell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.84%
Plantation and secondary forests form increasingly important components of the global forest cover, but our current knowledge about their potential contribution to biodiversity conservation is limited. We surveyed understory plant and carabid species assemblages at three distinct regions in temperate northeastern China, dominated by mature forest (Changbaishan Nature Reserve, sampled in 2011 and 2012), secondary forest (Dongling Mountain, sampled in 2011 and 2012), and forest plantation habitats (Bashang Plateau, sampled in 2006 and 2007), respectively. The α-diversity of both taxonomic groups was highest in plantation forests of the Bashang Plateau. Beetle α-diversity was lowest, but plant and beetle species turnover peaked in the secondary forests of Dongling Mountain, while habitats in the Changbaishan Nature Reserve showed the lowest turnover rates for both taxa. Changbaishan Nature Reserve harbored the highest proportion of forest specialists. Our results suggest that in temperate regions of northern China, the protected larch plantation forest established over extensive areas might play a considerable role in maintaining a high biodiversity in relation to understory herbaceous plant species and carabid assemblages, which can be seen as indicators of forest disturbance. The high proportion of phytophagous carabids and the rarity of forest specialists reflect the relatively homogenous...

Australia's ever-changing forests II: Proceedings of the Second National Conference on Australian forest history

Fonte: ANU Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies (CRES); Australian Forest History Society; http://fennerschool.anu.edu.au/ Publicador: ANU Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies (CRES); Australian Forest History Society; http://fennerschool.anu.edu.au/
Tipo: Book; Published Version Formato: 308 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.4%
CONTENTS: Preface, page iii. EARLY PERCEPTIONS: 1. Nineteenth century perceptions of Victorian forests: ideas and concerns of Ferdinand Mueller / Linden Gillbank, page 3. 2. Tall stories and tall trees / Frank R. Moulds, page 15. REGIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES: 3. Cultural significance of East Gippsland forests / Anita Brady, page 31. 4. Secrets of the forest: writing environmental history / Tom Griffiths, page 47. 5. Effect of settlement on the forests of the Central Plateau, Tasmania / R.C. Ellis, page 55. 6. Penders Perpetual Forest Plantation / Sue Feary, page 67. 7. Land use history of the white cypress pine forests in the Snowy Valley, Kosciusko National Park / I.F. Pulsford, J.C.G. Banks and L. Hodges, page 85. 8. Environmental history of Waratah Creek catchment, Coolangubra State Forest, New South Wales / Angela Rymer, page 105. 9. Victorian School of Forestry: Forestry education / Frank R. Moulds, page 129. 10. Victorian School of Forestry: Demonstration Forest / Jane Lennon, page 135. FOREST INDUSTRIES: Logging technology and forest cutting practices / Kevin Frawley, page 143. Assessing heritage values of sawmills and tramways in Central Victoria / Peter Evans, page 165. Tracking the KTC from Kauri to Karri to Chatlee / Michael Roche...

Divergent stakeholder views of corporate social responsibility in the Australian forest plantation sector

Gordon, Melissa; Lockwood, Michael; Vanclay, Frank; Hanson, Dallas; Schirmer, Jacqueline
Fonte: Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand Publicador: Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.45%
Although the Australian forest plantation industry acknowledges that there is a role for corporate social responsibility (CSR) in forest management, there is confusion as to what this constitutes in practice. This paper describes the conflicts between int

Accessing the viability of HTR - Indonesia's community-based forest plantation program

Schneck, Joshua
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project Formato: 5373836 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.72%
In Indonesia, development of sustainable supplies of timber has failed to keep pace with industrial demand. After decades of overharvesting and clearing to bridge supply gaps, Indonesia’s forests and forest industries are in a crisis, with declining stocks of timber to support forest-dependent livelihoods and biodiversity, and large recurring emissions of atmospheric CO2 linked to deforestation. The Indonesian Government’s strategy of providing incentives to developers of large-scale industrial timber plantations has been of limited success, with only 30% of state targets reached after nearly twenty years of work. Difficulties can be traced to conflicts over land rights at the community level, and the limited financial viability of plantation investments in markets distorted by illegal and cheaply-priced wood supplies. In an effort to address these obstacles, the Indonesian Government introduced a new community-based plantation program in 2007, Hutan Tanaman Rakyat (HTR), which affords local communities rights and incentives for developing timber plantations on community lands. Country-wide targets for HTR are substantial, with 5.4 million hectares of plantations planned, however substantial challenges lie ahead in identifying suitable areas of land...

The abundance of salamanders in forest stands with different histories of disturbance

Pough, F. Harvey; Smith, Ellen; Rhodes, Donald; Collazo, Andres
Fonte: Elsevier: Forest Ecology and Management Publicador: Elsevier: Forest Ecology and Management
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 37365 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
Because of the importance of salamanders in forest food chains, the effects of forest management practices on populations of these animals warrant consideration. We compared the numbers and activity patterns of salamanders in areas of a deciduous forest in central New York State that had been cut selectively for firewood, or clearcut, or planted with conifers. Numbers of salamanders were lower in three recently distrurbed habitats than in adjacent old-growth control stands. The frequency of above-ground activity by both species of salamanders was positively correlated with the density of understory vegetation and the depth of leaf litter. Small-scale habitat disruption associated with harvesting firewood increased the numbers of the terrestrial eft stage of the red-spotted newt (Notophthalmus viridescens) but had no effect on numbers of red-backed salamanders (Plethodon cinereus). A recently clearcut area had fewer red-backed salamanders than adjacent old-growth forest had, but the numbers of salamanders in a 60-year-old second-growth forest were indistinguishable from those in the adjacent old-growth forest. Populations of salamanders in a conifer plantation were low. Thus, salamanders seem to be resilient to limited disturbance of forests...

Evidence that creation of a Pinus radiate plantation in south-eastern Australia has reduced habitat for frogs

Parris, Kirstem M; Lindenmayer, David
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.84%
Loss and fragmentation of habitat resulting from the clearing of forests for agriculture and urban development threaten the persistence of thousands of species worldwide. The clearing of native forest to plant a monoculture of exotic trees may also reduce and fragment the habitat available for indigenous plants and animals. Metacommunity theory suggests that the species richness of a community in a patch of habitat will increase with patch size but decrease with patch isolation. We investigated whether replacement of native Eucalyptus forest with a plantation of Pinus radiata has reduced and fragmented habitat for frogs, leading to a lower species richness of frog communities in the pine plantation and in small and/or isolated remnant patches of native forest. We surveyed frogs at 60 sites at streams and wetlands in the pine plantation, remnant patches of native forest surrounded by pines, and adjacent areas of contiguous native forest near Tumut in New South Wales, Australia. Only two of eight species of frogs were recorded in the pine plantation, and regression modelling indicated that streams and wetlands in the pines supported fewer frog species than those in remnant patches or the intact native forest. In addition, species richness tended to be higher at wide...

Australian forest plantations: an overview of industry, environmental and community issues and benefits.

Gaztanaga, Enrique; Keenan, Rodney; Kanowski, Peter; Stanton, Richard
Fonte: Institute of Foresters of Australia Publicador: Institute of Foresters of Australia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Australia has over 1.5 million ha of plantation forests. Governments and industry share a goal of doubling this area by 2020, with most new plantations to be established on previously-cleared agricultural land. Plantations currently supply over half of the raw material required by the forest products industry and also provide a range of environmental and social services. The ownership and management structure of Australian forest plantations and plantation-based forest industries has changed considerably over the past decade, and plantation growing, processing and marketing sectors are becoming increasingly globalised. This paper reviews the major forces driving development of forest plantations in Australia and the key policy and management issues to be considered if plantations are to meet varied expectations of the Australian community. Our assessment is based on papers and discussion at the 'Prospects for Australian Forest Plantations 2002' conference. The wide-ranging papers to the conference considered opportunities for Australia's forest plantations and plantation-based industries in changing global wood markets. They discussed alternative and emerging markets for wood and other plantation products and environmental services...

Fauna conservation in Australian plantation forests - a review

Lindenmayer, David; Hobbs, Richard J
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.86%
A review of the value for fauna of conifer and eucalypt plantations in Australia is presented. Five key reasons highlight a need for wildlife conservation as part of plantation management. These are: (1) The plantation estate in Australia is set to triple in the coming decades, and where new plantations are located and how they are managed will influence the biota that currently exist in such landscapes. This is particularly critical in many semi-cleared former grazing landscapes where the establishment of new plantations is focused. This is because: (1) (a) native vegetation communities in these areas are poorly represented in the existing reserve system, and, (b) uses such as wood and pulp production need to be balanced with other management values such as wildlife conservation. (2) The maintenance of some elements of the biota within plantations could have benefits for key ecosystem processes like pest control. (3) Although some species cannot be conserved in plantation-dominated landscapes, many species can be through the adoption of (sometimes minor) modifications to forest management. (4) The maintenance (or loss) of biota in plantations is relevant for moves toward ecological standards and the certification of plantations in many parts of the world. And...

Adoption of community engagement in the corporate culture of Australian forest plantation companies

Gordon, Melissa; Lockwood, Michael; Schirmer, Jacqueline; Vanclay, Frank; Hanson, Dallas
Fonte: Institute of Foresters of Australia Publicador: Institute of Foresters of Australia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
This paper provides practical insight into what can be done to improve the adoption of community engagement (CE) in the corporate culture of two Australian forest plantation companies. Previous research has identified that CE can be limited by corporate c