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Política Nacional de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional no Brasil: arranjo institucional e alocação de recursos; Food and nutricion brazilian national policy: institutional arrangement and resource allocation

Custódio, Marta Battaglia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/08/2009 PT
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No Brasil, pesquisas sobre a situação nutricional apontam para a redução da prevalência de desnutrição no país, mas se observa o aumento da prevalência de sobrepeso e de obesidade. Apesar do diagnóstico nutricional positivo, alguns problemas estruturais permanecem, como a elevada concentração de renda, os altos níveis de analfabetismo funcional, a discriminação social e racial e a prevalência de Insegurança Alimentar e Nutricional (INSAN). Está em curso um processo de legitimação e de exigibilidade do Direito Humano a Alimentação Adequada, no Brasil. A própria constituição federal e a Lei Orgânica de SAN (LOSAN), sancionada em 2006, integram um conjunto de regras de ordenamento jurídico do país que, em tese, garantiria uma alimentação saudável e adequada a todos os brasileiros, em consonância com as Diretrizes Voluntárias da FAO e com os tratados internacionais de direitos humanos, aos quais o Brasil é signatário. O objetivo geral do presente estudo é analisar a Política de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional (PNSAN) em construção no Brasil, discutindo o seu arranjo institucional e a alocação de recursos. A metodologia da pesquisa foi baseada na análise de dados secundários, de documentos oficiais...

A construção de políticas públicas promotoras de saúde: um estudo de caso sobre a Política de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional do Paraná; The construction of public policies that promote Health: a case study on the policy Food and Nutrition Security of Paraná

Rigon, Silvia do Amaral
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/04/2012 PT
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A construção de políticas de promoção da saúde constitui um tema desafiador. A principal dificuldade para os avanços necessários reside na compreensão da determinação social do processo saúde-adoecimento e no seu devido enfrentamento, mediante um conjunto de estratégias que transcendem o setor saúde. Nesse contexto, destaca-se o problema da insegurança alimentar e nutricional, identificado em países como o Brasil, pelo convívio do sobrepeso e da obesidade com a desnutrição e as doenças carenciais, retrato da desigualdade social, das condições precárias de vida e de um sistema agroalimentar que valoriza a agroindústria e que promove o abandono das práticas alimentares tradicionais e a mercadorização dos alimentos. Tal conjunto de questões demanda a efetivação de políticas públicas de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional (SAN), com caráter intersetorial, comprometidas com a efetivação do direito humano à alimentação adequada e saudável. Em função da sanção da Lei n. o 11.346 em 2006, que instituiu o Sistema Nacional de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional no Brasil, os estados da federação iniciam o processo de construção de suas respectivas políticas. O objetivo deste estudo de caso foi o de analisar o processo de construção da Política de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional do Paraná...

Digestive and functional properties of a partially hydrolyzed cassava solid waste with high insoluble fiber concentration

Raupp, Dorivaldo da Silva; Rosa, Danielle Amorim; Marques, Silvia Helena de Paula; Banzatto, David Ariovaldo
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ) Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 286-291
ENG
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Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); As fecularias e polvilheiras produzem grandes quantidades de bagaço de mandioca. A proposta dessa pesquisa consistiu determinar, em ratos modelo, a propriedade funcional-digestiva do produto alimentício bagaço de mandioca hidrolisado (BMH), um concentrado de fibra alimentar (60,9%, peso seco) que foi obtido a partir do bagaço de mandioca da polvilheira e através de processo de hidrólise enzimática. O BMH produziu efeitos fisiológicos no trato digestivo dos ratos modelos mais acentuados que os efeitos produzidos pelo farelo de trigo (FT). Foram os componentes insolúveis da fibra alimentar do BMH, e não a fração solúvel, os que mais contribuíram para o maior volume e peso das fezes e, por conseguinte, para o maior número de defecações. Por isso, o BMH pode ser usado como fonte alternativa de fibra alimentar para a formulação de alimentos, principalmente os consumidos por indivíduos com a finalidade de regular ou manter normal a funcionalidade digestiva.; Starch factories generate large amounts of cassava solid waste. A small amount is utilized for animal feed but most of it is discharged with deleterious effects to the envirounment. A edible food with a high content of insoluble dietary fiber (60.9%)...

Digestive and functional properties of a partially hydrolyzed cassava solid waste with high insoluble fiber concentration

Raupp,Dorivaldo da Silva; Rosa,Danielle Amorim; Marques,Silvia Helena de Paula; Banzatto,David Ariovaldo
Fonte: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz" Publicador: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.66%
Starch factories generate large amounts of cassava solid waste. A small amount is utilized for animal feed but most of it is discharged with deleterious effects to the envirounment. A edible food with a high content of insoluble dietary fiber (60.9%), named "partially hidrolyzed cassava waste" (PHCW), was prepared from industrial cassava solid waste by an enzymatic process. PHCW or wheat bran (WB) were fed to model rats and both promoted digestive function effects, but PHCW produced the greatest effect. The insoluble fiber constituent from PHCW (and not the soluble fiber), promoted the greatest fecal bulking, fecal weight and defecation frequency in rats, as compared to WB. Such results indicate that the partially hydrolyzed cassava waste presents digestive function properties which allow it to be used as an adequate source of insoluble dietary fiber in the formulation of functional food for human nutrition.

Executive summary—Nutritional Care of HIV-Infected Adolescents and Adults, including Pregnant and Lactating Women: What Do We Know, What Can We Do, and Where Do We Go from Here?12

Raiten, Daniel J; Mulligan, Kathleen; Papathakis, Peggy; Wanke, Christine
Fonte: American Society for Nutrition Publicador: American Society for Nutrition
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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The HIV pandemic continues to place an unbearable burden on the international community, with disease prevalence remaining highest in resource-limited settings in Africa, Asia, and the Americas. HIV is most often imposed on conditions of food insecurity and consequent malnutrition, poor sanitation, and chronic exposure to a myriad of infectious (eg, malaria, tuberculosis, and diarrheal) and noncommunicable (eg, obesity, diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular) diseases. Women and children continue to bear the greatest burden. Two essential tenets underpin our approach to HIV: 1) antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) are essential to prolong lives and to halt the spread of HIV and AIDS and 2) food and sound nutrition are essential to human health. The challenge is to apply sound principles of clinical care and nutrition science to the safe and efficacious implementation of ARVs and for long-term care for people living with HIV and AIDS. The WHO has played a leading role in developing guidelines to support this goal with the generation of general recommendations regarding nutritional needs of people living with HIV and AIDS and specific guidelines for the nutritional care of HIV-infected infants and children (<14 y of age). These proceedings represent a summary of the work accomplished at a workshop sponsored by the NIH to review the existing evidence to support changes in the recommendations regarding nutrient requirements for people living with HIV and AIDS; to support development of new WHO guidelines for adolescents and adults...

Iodine Intake in Somalia Is Excessive and Associated with the Source of Household Drinking Water123

Kassim, Ismail A. R.; Moloney, Grainne; Busili, Ahono; Nur, Abukar Yusuf; Paron, Paolo; Jooste, Pieter; Gadain, Hussein; Seal, Andrew J.
Fonte: American Society for Nutrition Publicador: American Society for Nutrition
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.63%
Few data on iodine status in Somalia are available, but it is assumed that deficiency is a public health problem due to the limited access to iodized salt. We aimed to describe the iodine status of the population of Somalia and to investigate possible determinants of iodine status. A national 2-stage, stratified household cluster survey was conducted in 2009 in the Northwest, Northeast, and South Central Zones of Somalia. Urinary iodine concentration (UIC) was determined in samples from women (aged 15–45 y) and children (aged 6–11 y), and examination for visible goiter was performed in the Northwest and South Central strata. A 24-h household food-frequency questionnaire was conducted, and salt samples were tested for iodization. The median UICs for nonpregnant women and children were 329 and 416 μg/L, respectively, indicating excessive iodine intake (>300 μg/L). The prevalence of visible goiter was <4%. The coverage of salt iodization was low, with a national average of 7.7% (95% CI: 3.2%, 17.4%). Spatial analysis revealed localized areas of relatively high and low iodine status. Variations could not be explained by food consumption or salt iodization but were associated with the main source of household drinking water, with consumers of borehole water having a higher UIC (569 vs. 385 μg/L; P < 0.001). Iodine intake in Somalia is among the highest in the world and excessive according to WHO criteria. Further work is required to investigate the geochemistry and safety of groundwater sources in Somalia and the impact on human nutrition and health.

Nutritional Phenotype Databases and Integrated Nutrition: From Molecules to Populations123

Gibney, Michael J.; McNulty, Breige A.; Ryan, Miriam F.; Walsh, Marianne C.
Fonte: American Society for Nutrition Publicador: American Society for Nutrition
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/05/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In recent years, there has been a great expansion in the nature of new technologies for the study of all biologic subjects at the molecular and genomic level and these have been applied to the field of human nutrition. The latter has traditionally relied on a mix of epidemiologic studies to generate hypotheses, dietary intervention studies to test these hypotheses, and a variety of experimental approaches to understand the underlying explanatory mechanisms. Both the novel and traditional approaches have begun to carve out separate identities vís-a-vís their own journals, their own international societies, and their own national and international symposia. The present review draws on the advent of large national nutritional phenotype databases and related technological developments to argue the case that there needs to be far more integration of molecular and public health nutrition. This is required to address new joint approaches to such areas as the measurement of food intake, biomarker discovery, and the genetic determinants of nutrient-sensitive genotypes and other areas such as personalized nutrition and the use of new technologies with mass application, such as in dried blood spots to replace venipuncture or portable electronic devices to monitor food intake and phenotype. Future development requires the full integration of these 2 disciplines...

Relationships among sensory analysis, isoflavone and hexanal contents of soymilk powder.

SILVA, J. B. da; FELBERG, I.; PANIZZI, M. C. C.; SOO, Y. L; PRUDENCIO, S. H.
Fonte: Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, Curitiba, v. 53, n. 5, p. 1197-1204, Sep./Oct. 2010. Publicador: Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, Curitiba, v. 53, n. 5, p. 1197-1204, Sep./Oct. 2010.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
EN
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The objective of this work was to study the sensory attributes and their relationships with isoflavones and hexanal contents of soymilks made in laboratory and commercial samples. The laboratory soymilk samples showed cooked grain and cotton candy aroma and cooked grain, malty and sweetness flavor (a mild flavor). The commercial samples presented stronger roasted soy, rancid, sesame seeds and fishy aroma and roasted soy, sesame seeds and bitterness flavor, and bitter taste (closed nose) and starchy texture. No differences were noted among laboratory soymilks, denoting inactivation of lipoxygenases enzymes in the soymilks process. There were differences between the samples prepared in laboratory and commercial soymilks, which was due to several factors related to processing techniques. The hexanal average content was positively associated with the cooked grain aroma and isoflavones was positively associated with the cooked grain and cotton candy aroma, cooked grain, malty and sweetness flavor and starchy texture.; 2010

Effect of zinc addition and pasteurization time on the zinc content and color stability of acid canned vegetable-type soybean.

CZAIKOSKI, K.; SILVA, J. B. da; LEITE, R. S.; MANDARINO, J. M. G.; CARRÃO-PANIZZI, M. C.; IDA, E. I.
Fonte: In: WORLD CONGRESS OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 16.; LATIN AMERICAN SEMINAR OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 17., 2012, Foz do Iguaçu. Addressing global food security and wellness through food science and technology: [proceedings]. Foz do Iguaçu: IUFoST, 2012. 1 CD-ROM. Publicador: In: WORLD CONGRESS OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 16.; LATIN AMERICAN SEMINAR OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 17., 2012, Foz do Iguaçu. Addressing global food security and wellness through food science and technology: [proceedings]. Foz do Iguaçu: IUFoST, 2012. 1 CD-ROM.
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE)
EN
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For the processing of canned vegetable-type soybean, it is important to realize the heat treatment. However, during the treatment may occur loss of green color that is an indicator of its quality. In the brine canned, the presence of metal ions such as zinc, allows to maintain green color of canned vegetables. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of zinc addition (X1 = ppm of zinc in the brine) and pasteurization time (X2 = min) on zinc content and color stability of acid canned vegetable-type soybean by using Central Composite Rotatable Design (CCRD). The response functions Y1 (ppm of zinc) and Y2 (degrees of hue of the canned vegetable-type soybean) were analyzed. The model validation was performed after establishing X1 = 10.91 ppm and X2 = 10 min and ?1 = 73.49 ppm of zinc. The experimental answer (Y1) was 72.74 ppm of zinc. At the response surface can be observed a region where Y2 is maximal and equal to 93°. The model validation was performed, at the point where, x1 = -1.5, x2 = -1.41 and ? 2 = 92.81° of hue of canned. The response obtained experimentally (Y1) was 92.86° hue of canned vegetable-type soybean. Therefore, for adequate formulation of vegetable-type soybean grains should be zinc acetate (10.91 ppm)...

Compilation of the National school lunch act and the Child nutrition act of 1966 ; with related provisions of law and authorities for commodities distribution; Compilation of the National school lunch act ..

United States; United States -- Congress. -- Senate. -- Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs; United States; United States
Fonte: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.; U.S. Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington ) Publicador: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.; U.S. Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: vi, 43 p. : ; 24 cm.
Publicado em //1976 ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
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At head of title: 94th Congress, 2d session. Committee print.; (Statement of Responsibility) prepared by the Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs, United States Senate, March 1976.

Nutrition and health II : nutrition and health revised with a study of the impact of nutritional health considerations on food policy

United States -- Congress. -- Senate. -- Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs
Fonte: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.; U.S. Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington ) Publicador: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.; U.S. Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: xii, 378 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Publicado em //1976 ENGLISH
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(Bibliography) Bibliography: p. 69-72.; At head of title: 94th Congress, 2d session. Committee print.; (Statement of Responsibility) prepared by the staff of the Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs, United States Senate, July 1976.

The United States, FAO and world food politics, U.S. relations with an international food organization : a staff report

United States -- Congress. -- Senate. -- Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs
Fonte: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.; U.S. Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington ) Publicador: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.; U.S. Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v, 75 p. : ; 24 cm.
Publicado em //1976 ENGLISH
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(Bibliography) Includes bibliographical references.; At head of title: 94th Congress, 2d session. Committee print.; (Statement of Responsibility) prepared for the Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs, United States Senate, June 1976.

Food stamp program profile

United States -- Congress. -- Senate. -- Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs
Fonte: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.; U.S. Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington ) Publicador: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.; U.S. Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 2 v. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Publicado em //1976 ENGLISH
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65.63%
At head of title: 94th Congress, 2d session. Committee print.; (Statement of Responsibility) prepared by the staff of the Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs, United States Senate.

Climate change adaptation at the intersection of food and health

Edwards, Ferne; Dixon, Jane; Friel, Sharon; Hall, Gillian; Larsen, Kirsten; Lockie, Stewart; Wood, Beverley; Lawrence, Mark; Hanigan, Ivan; Hogan, Anthony; Hattersley, Libby
Fonte: SAGE Publications Publicador: SAGE Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 14 pages
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Nutritious, safe, affordable, and enjoyable food is a fundamental prerequisite for health. As a nation, Australia is currently classified as food secure with the domestic production exceeding domestic consumption of most major food groups. The domestic system is almost self-sufficient in terms of nutritious plant foods, although these foods have seen steady higher price increases relative to other foods, with nutrition equity implications. However, the viability of Australia’s food security sits counter to the continued presence of a stable and supportive climate. This article reviews the current state of science concerning the interface between climate change, food systems, and human health to reveal the key issues that must be addressed if Australia is to advance human health and sustainable food systems under a changing climate.; The authors gratefully acknowledge the support provided by the Australian Climate Change Adaptation Research Network for Human Health for funding research assistance and the page costs of this article.

Food and Nutrition Security - meanings and appropriations from the civil society segment of the National Council for Food and Nutrition Security; Significados e Apropriações da Noção de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional pelo Segmento da Sociedade Civil do Conselho Nacional de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional

Costa, Christiane Gasparini Araujo; Bógus, Claudia Maria
Fonte: UNIV SAO PAULO, FAC SAUDE PUBLICA; SAO PAULO Publicador: UNIV SAO PAULO, FAC SAUDE PUBLICA; SAO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
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65.77%
The huge transformations that occurred in the last two decades had impacts on the standards of food production and consumption, and determined a wider discussion in Brazil about the theme of food and nutrition security. It has also expanded the scope of it, which now considers nourishing aspects regarding the entire population and not only its most vulnerable segments. This research identified different meanings present in the speech about food and nutrition security, terms incorporated by movements and civil society organizations that were represented at the National Council for Food and Nutrition Security (administration 2004-2007). Thematic appropriation could be observed in the following directions: a) privileging the interaction between thematic fields from both production and consumption spheres; b) strengthening the idea of nutrition as a human right; c) including an ethical goal to the country's development; d) development of an intra and intersectorial perspective; e) identifying the need of dialogic and freeing educational processes.; Diante do quadro de grandes transformações das duas últimas décadas e suas repercussões nos padrões de produção e consumo de alimentos, fortalece-se no Brasil a temática da Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional (SAN)2...

Beyond Food or Drug: An Examination of Food and Drug Law Through a Study of Cannibalism

Cheng, Howard
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Paper (for course/seminar/workshop)
EN_US
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This paper attempts to explore some of the limitations within the Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act's definition of "food" and "drug". Much of the preexisting scholarly debate has focused on hybrids between foods and drugs, dietary supplements, vitamins, weight loss products and the like. This paper attempts to investigate our current problematic definitions of food and drug through the study of an unabashedly unorthodox subject: cannibalism. Our current regime attempts to classify a product by its “intended use.†However, many foods and drugs do not have a single intended use; they are ingested for a myriad of reasons, economic, cultural and religious. And because cannibalism has throughout history taken many different forms and has shown up on almost every continent, it acts as an excellent lens for focusing on what we might think the true limitations of the Act might be. Often times, the motivation that lay within the cannibals mind behind his consumption of human flesh was often one of simply eating a meal. In other tribes or other instances of history, some cannibals felt that eating people was the only way to treat illness, to prevent aging, cure leprosy or even blindness. However, not all instances of cannibalism fell into these simple acts of consuming a food...

The effect of environmental change on food production, human nutrition and health

McMichael, Anthony; Butler, Colin
Fonte: Blackwell Science Asia Publicador: Blackwell Science Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Worldwide degradation of arable land, freshwater depletion and the loss of biodiversity are three of several ongoing 'global environmental changes' that endanger the biosphere's human utility - including food supplies, an essential, 'utility'. The degradation of local and regional food-producing environmental assets is a familiar story historically. Today, however, pressures and stresses on food production are becoming global in scale, reflecting (in addition to the above three) a range of large-scale human-induced environmental changes, such as global climate change and environmental nitrification. Human-induced biodiversity loss reflects land-use changes, other aspects of the over-exploitation of productive terrestrial and marine ecosystems, climate change, and the trans-boundary migration of pollutants and exotic species. Indeed, biodiversity loss has, for long, been an inevitable trade-off against the increased capacity to produce food for larger human populations - as occurs in agrarian societies when forests are replaced by crops. More recently, trade, technology, knowledge dissemination, and the worldwide transformation of ecosystems have further boosted food supplies for the increasing human population. (That this abundance often fails to improve health...

State and market: adversaries or allies in the implementation of the National Food and Nutrition Policy? Some reflections on regulation measures; Estado e mercado: adversários ou aliados no processo de implementação da Política Nacional de Alimentação e Nutrição? Elementos para um debate sobre medidas de regulamentação

Pinheiro, Anelise Rizzolo de Oliveira; Carvalho, Denise Bomtempo Birche de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.76%
A alimentação e a nutrição constituem requisitos básicos para a promoção e a proteção da saúde, possibilitando a afirmação plena do potencial de crescimento e desenvolvimento humano, com qualidade de vida e cidadania. As mudanças na relação do Estado, sociedade civil e mercado têm trazido uma série de conseqüências sociais adversas, especialmente no campo da saúde e nutrição. Este artigo tem como propósito provocar algumas reflexões relativas à necessidade de pactuação entre Estado, sociedade e mercado para a efetivação de medidas capazes de atuar positivamente no controle da obesidade e conseqüentemente melhorar as condições de saúde e nutrição da população brasileira. Apresenta uma breve descrição de contexto histórico sobre política social no Brasil e seus reflexos específicos na temática de alimentação e nutrição; identifica aspectos políticos principais para uma análise das diretrizes da Política Nacional de Alimentação e Nutrição; destaca o fortalecimento de medidas de regulamentação como estratégia de enfrentamento do problema de excesso de peso / obesidade na sociedade, identificando suas raízes a partir do modo de viver urbano, globalizado e neoliberal das ultimas décadas...

Significados e apropriações da noção de segurança alimentar e nutricional pelo segmento da sociedade civil do Conselho Nacional de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional; Food and Nutrition Security - meanings and appropriations from the civil society segment of the National Council for Food and Nutrition Security

Costa, Christiane Araújo; Bógus, Cláudia Maria
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2012 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.78%
Diante do quadro de grandes transformações das duas últimas décadas e suas repercussões nos padrões de produção e consumo de alimentos, fortalece-se no Brasil a temática da Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional (SAN), fazendo referência às questões alimentares que dizem respeito ao conjunto da população, e não apenas aos segmentos mais vulneráveis. A importância da sociedade civil tem sido evidenciada pela realização de significativas experiências de SAN em seu próprio campo, como também em parceria com o governo para a formulação de propostas e ações, e em seu monitoramento e controle. Como resultado da pesquisa de identificação dos diferentes significados da incorporação do enfoque de segurança alimentar e nutricional, por parte dos movimentos e organizações da sociedade civil participantes do Conselho de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional Nacional na gestão 2004-2007, verificou-se a apropriação da temática nas seguintes direções: favorecimento da interação entre campos temáticos das esferas da produção e do consumo; impulso à visão da alimentação como um direito humano; objetivo ético do desenvolvimento; aquisição de perspectiva intra e intersetorial; e necessidade de um processo educativo de caráter dialógico e emancipatório.; In view of the huge transformations that occurred in the last two decades and of their impacts on the standards of food production and consumption...

Propriedades funcionais-digestivas do concentrado de fibra alimentar obtido de mandioca; Digestive and functional properties of a partially hydrolyzed cassava solid waste with high insoluble fiber concentration

Raupp, Dorivaldo da Silva; Rosa, Danielle Amorim; Marques, Silvia Helena de Paula; Banzatto, David Ariovaldo
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2004 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.66%
As fecularias e polvilheiras produzem grandes quantidades de bagaço de mandioca. A proposta dessa pesquisa consistiu determinar, em ratos modelo, a propriedade funcional-digestiva do produto alimentício bagaço de mandioca hidrolisado (BMH), um concentrado de fibra alimentar (60,9%, peso seco) que foi obtido a partir do bagaço de mandioca da polvilheira e através de processo de hidrólise enzimática. O BMH produziu efeitos fisiológicos no trato digestivo dos ratos modelos mais acentuados que os efeitos produzidos pelo farelo de trigo (FT). Foram os componentes insolúveis da fibra alimentar do BMH, e não a fração solúvel, os que mais contribuíram para o maior volume e peso das fezes e, por conseguinte, para o maior número de defecações. Por isso, o BMH pode ser usado como fonte alternativa de fibra alimentar para a formulação de alimentos, principalmente os consumidos por indivíduos com a finalidade de regular ou manter normal a funcionalidade digestiva.; Starch factories generate large amounts of cassava solid waste. A small amount is utilized for animal feed but most of it is discharged with deleterious effects to the envirounment. A edible food with a high content of insoluble dietary fiber (60.9%), named "partially hidrolyzed cassava waste" (PHCW)...