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Variação da fluência da fala em idosos; Speech fluency variation in elderly

ANDRADE, Claudia Regina Furquim de; MARTINS, Vanessa de Oliveira
Fonte: Pró-Fono Produtos Especializados para Fonoaudiologia Ltda. Publicador: Pró-Fono Produtos Especializados para Fonoaudiologia Ltda.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.2%
TEMA: tem sido descrito na literatura a existência de mudanças na fala decorrentes do envelhecimento, entretanto, nesses estudos, as variações da fluência têm recebido pouca atenção. OBJETIVO: verificar o perfil da fluência da fala em idosos em diferentes parâmetros. Método: os participantes foram 128 indivíduos com idade acima de 60 anos, de ambos os gêneros. Foram obtidas amostras de fala de todos os participantes e analisadas segundo as variáveis de: tipos de rupturas; velocidade de fala e frequência de rupturas. A análise computou 200 sílabas fluentes da amostra. RESULTADOS: a análise estatística mostrou diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre as décadas somente para a variável de sílabas por minuto. No grupo acima de 80 anos houve significância estatística indicando aumento das rupturas de fala e decréscimo da velocidade. CONCLUSÃO: o efeito da idade parece ser mais expressivo depois dos oitenta anos em relação aos parâmetros de fluência da fala analisados nesse estudo.; BACKGROUND: a number of changes in the speech of normally aging adults have been described in the literature. However age-related changes in fluency have received little attention. AIM: to verify the Fluency Profile of elderlies regarding all of the different fluency parameters. Method: participants were 128 elderlies...

Verbal fluency in the detection of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer`s disease among Brazilian Portuguese speakers: the influence of education

RADANOVIC, Marcia; DINIZ, Breno Satler; MIRANDEZ, Roberta M.; NOVARETTI, Tania Maria da Silva; FLACKS, Mariana Kneese; YASSUDA, Monica S.; FORLENZA, Orestes Vicente
Fonte: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS Publicador: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.3%
Background: Verbal fluency (VF) tasks are simple and efficient clinical tools to detect executive dysfunction and lexico-semantic impairment. VF tasks are widely used in patients with suspected dementia, but their accuracy for detection of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is still under investigation. Schooling in particular may influence the subject`s performance. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of two semantic categories (animals and fruits) in discriminating controls, MCI patients and Alzheimer`s disease (AD) patients. Methods: 178 subjects, comprising 70 controls (CG), 70 MCI patients and 38 AD patients, were tested on two semantic VF tasks. The sample was divided into two schooling groups: those with 4-8 years of education and those with 9 or more years. Results: Both VF tasks - animal fluency (VFa) and fruits fluency (VFf) - adequately discriminated CG from AD in the total sample (AUC = 0.88 +/- 0.03, p < 0.0001) and in both education groups, and high educated MCI from AD (VFa: AUC = 0.82 +/- 0.05, p < 0.0001; VFf: AUC = 0.85 +/- 0.05, p < 0.0001). Both tasks were moderately accurate in discriminating CG from MCI (VFa: AUC = 0.68 +/- 0.04, p < 0.0001 - VFf:AUC = 0.73 +/- 0.04, p < 0.0001) regardless of the schooling level...

Análise da Fluência Verbal de Surdos Oralizados em Português Brasileiro e Usuários de Língua Brasileira de Sinais ; Analyses of the verbal fluency of deaf individuals with oral Brazilian Portuguese language and users of the Brazilian Sign Language

Garcia, Susana Francischetti
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/08/2001 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.3%
Este estudo tem como objetivo traçar o perfil da fluência verbal de surdos oralizados em Português Brasileiro, usuários de Língua Brasileira de Sinais, em relação aos aspectos de velocidade da fala, tipologia das disfluências da fala, e freqüência de rupturas da fala, tanto na produção oral quanto na produção multimodal. O perfil da fluência foi investigado através da análise perceptual de amostras de fala de 12 indivíduos adultos surdos profundos congênitos. A metodologia de coleta e a análise da fluência foi baseada em protocolo brasileiro de avaliação da fluência. Os dados obtidos foram comparados intra-grupo, ou seja, a produção oral dos surdos com sua produção multimodal, e inter-grupos, a produção dos surdos com os parâmetros de fluência de ouvintes falantes de Português Brasileiro. Os resultados indicam que a fluência da fala dos surdos, tanto na produção multimodal quanto na produção oral são diferentes da fluência dos ouvintes. A velocidade da fala dos surdos é mais lenta que a dos ouvintes. Quanto à tipologia das disfluências da fala, os surdos apresentam resultados diferentes dos ouvintes (exceto na produção oral, para disfluências comuns). A freqüência de rupturas da fala dos surdos é superior à dos ouvintes (exceto na produção multimodal...

Fluência verbal fonológica avaliada através da ressonância magnética funcional com análise de influência de variáveis demográficas; Phonological verbal fluency study using functional magnetic resonance imaging with analysis of demographic influence

Senhorini, Maurien Cristiany Tebinka
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/09/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.41%
INTRODUÇÃO: O teste de fluência verbal fonológica é uma tarefa neuropsicológica amplamente utilizada em estudos de neuroimagem funcional que analisam os circuitos neurais relevantes para a produção de linguagem. A maioria dos estudos que utilizam a RMf para analisar as áreas cerebrais de maior ativação durante a tarefa de fluência verbal é realizado na língua inglesa. Embora estudos anteriores tenham demonstrado que dependendo da língua falada possa ocorrer diferença de desempenho na tarefa de fluência verbal, ainda não está claro se esta diferença leva a mudanças do padrão de ativação cerebral. Há indícios na literatura que a ativação cerebral regional durante a tarefa de fluência verbal pode variar com o aumento de dificuldade da tarefa, sendo o cíngulo anterior a área cerebral que parece estar envolvida no processo de adaptação ao grau de dificuldade da tarefa. Estudos com sujeitos saudáveis demonstram também a influência de variáveis demográficas, como idade, escolaridade, gênero e classificação socioeconômica no desempenho na produção de palavras, com alguns estudos reportando maior ativação cortical nos homens em comparação às mulheres. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar os efeitos da variação do grau de dificuldade da tarefa de fluência verbal utilizando a técnica de ressonância magnética funcional. Analisar se há correlação entre os dados demográficos e o desempenho na tarefa de fluência verbal. Comparar o padrão de ativação cerebral entre os gêneros. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos 21 voluntários saudáveis (12 homens)...

Analysis of speech fluency in Williams syndrome

Rossi, Natalia Freitas; Sampaio, Adriana; Goncalves, Oscar F.; Giacheti, Célia Maria
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 2957-2962
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.13%
Williams syndrome (WS) is a neurodevelopmental genetic disorder, often referred as being characterized by dissociation between verbal and non-verbal abilities, although the number of studies disputing this proposal is emerging. Indeed, although they have been traditionally reported as displaying increased speech fluency, this topic has not been fully addressed in research. In previous studies carried out with a small group of individuals with WS, we reported speech breakdowns during conversational and autobiographical narratives suggestive of language difficulties. In the current study, we characterized the speech fluency profile using an ecologically based measure - a narrative task (story generation) was collected from a group of individuals with WS (n = 30) and typically developing group (n = 39) matched in mental age. Oral narratives were elicited using a picture stimulus - the cookie theft picture from Boston Diagnosis Aphasia Test. All narratives were analyzed according to typology and frequency of fluency breakdowns (non-stuttered and stuttered disfluencies). Oral narratives in WS group differed from typically developing group, mainly due to a significant increase in the frequency of disfluencies, particularly in terms of hesitations...

Analysis of speech fluency in Williams syndrome

Rossi, Natalia F.; Sampaio, Adriana; Gonçalves, Óscar F.; Giacheti, Célia Maria
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.13%
Williams syndrome (WS) is a neurodevelopmental genetic disorder, often referred as being characterized by dissociation between verbal and non-verbal abilities, although the number of studies disputing this proposal is emerging. Indeed, although they have been traditionally reported as displaying increased speech fluency, this topic has not been fully addressed in research. In previous studies carried out with a small group of individuals with WS, we reported speech breakdowns during conversational and autobiographical narratives suggestive of language difficulties. In the current study, we characterized the speech fluency profile using an ecologically based measure – a narrative task (story generation) was collected from a group of individuals with WS (n = 30) and typically developing group (n = 39) matched in mental age. Oral narratives were elicited using a picture stimulus – the cookie theft picture from Boston Diagnosis Aphasia Test. All narratives were analyzed according to typology and frequency of fluency breakdowns (non-stuttered and stuttered disfluencies). Oral narratives in WS group differed from typically developing group, mainly due to a significant increase in the frequency of disfluencies, particularly in terms of hesitations...

"The truth is never pure and rarely simple" : Understanding the role of repetition and processing fluency on the illusion of truth effect

Silva, Rita Rocha da
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Ciências Psicológicas, Sociais e da Vida
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.39%
Tese de Doutoramento apresentada ao ISPA - Instituto Universitário; ABSTRACT: Repetition seems to increase the truth-value of information, generating the illusion that repeated statements are more valid than things we never heard or read before – the illusion oftruth effect. The present thesis aims at providing further and clearer understanding of “why” and “how” we base the important decision of something we hear being true rather than false on repetition. We review the literature evidencing repetition’s impact on judgments of truth and the major cognitive mechanisms that have been proposed to explain it. The first studies investigating the mechanisms underlying the effect show that subjective familiarity is more important than actual frequency of exposure. These approaches further suggested that the automatic memory component of Familiarity has a rather involuntary impact in truth judgments, and is the one supporting illusions of truth when the controlled Recollection process is impaired. A next approach showed that processing fluency experiences promoted by factors unrelated to previous exposure and memory are sufficient to generate illusions of truth. The first accounts suggesting processing fluency to be the process underlying the truth effect maintained the idea that the feelings of familiarity mediate fluency effects on judged truth. However...

Category fluency test: effects of age, gender and education on total scores, clustering and switching in Brazilian Portuguese-speaking subjects

Brucki,S.M.D.; Rocha,M.S.G.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.2%
Verbal fluency tests are used as a measure of executive functions and language, and can also be used to evaluate semantic memory. We analyzed the influence of education, gender and age on scores in a verbal fluency test using the animal category, and on number of categories, clustering and switching. We examined 257 healthy participants (152 females and 105 males) with a mean age of 49.42 years (SD = 15.75) and having a mean educational level of 5.58 (SD = 4.25) years. We asked them to name as many animals as they could. Analysis of variance was performed to determine the effect of demographic variables. No significant effect of gender was observed for any of the measures. However, age seemed to influence the number of category changes, as expected for a sensitive frontal measure, after being controlled for the effect of education. Educational level had a statistically significant effect on all measures, except for clustering. Subject performance (mean number of animals named) according to schooling was: illiterates, 12.1; 1 to 4 years, 12.3; 5 to 8 years, 14.0; 9 to 11 years, 16.7, and more than 11 years, 17.8. We observed a decrease in performance in these five educational groups over time (more items recalled during the first 15 s...

Effect of aging, education, reading and writing, semantic processing and depression symptoms on verbal fluency

Moraes,André Luiz; Guimarães,Luciano S. P.; Joanette,Yves; Parente,Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta; Fonseca,Rochele Paz; Almeida,Rosa Maria Martins de
Fonte: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.33%
Verbal fluency tasks are widely used in (clinical) neuropsychology to evaluate components of executive functioning and lexical-semantic processing (linguistic and semantic memory). Performance in those tasks may be affected by several variables, such as age, education and diseases. This study investigated whether aging, education, reading and writing frequency, performance in semantic judgment tasks and depression symptoms predict the performance in unconstrained, phonemic and semantic fluency tasks. This study sample comprised 260 healthy adults aged 19 to 75 years old. The Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression models were used for data analysis. The variables under analysis were associated in different ways and had different levels of contribution according to the type of verbal fluency task. Education had the greatest effect on verbal fluency tasks. There was a greater effect of age on semantic fluency than on phonemic tasks. The semantic judgment tasks predicted the verbal fluency performance alone or in combination with other variables. These findings corroborate the importance of education in cognition supporting the hypothesis of a cognitive reserve and confirming the contribution of lexical-semantic processing to verbal fluency.

Phonemic and semantic verbal fluency tasks: normative data for elderly Brazilians

Esteves,Cristiane Silva; Oliveira,Camila Rosa; Moret-Tatay,Carmen; Navarro-Pardo,Esperanza; Carli,Geraldo Atílio De; Silva,Irenio Gomes; Irigaray,Tatiana Quarti; Argimon,Irani Iracema de Lima
Fonte: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.2%
This study aims to investigate the influence of sociodemographic characteristics on the performance of older people on two tasks of verbal fluency and provide normative data for a Brazilian population of healthy elderly individuals with different educational levels. The initial sample included 521 individuals aged from 60 years, participating in the Program Family Health Strategy. Participants who had scores suggestive of cognitive decline on the Mini-Mental State Examination, depressive symptoms in Geriatric Depression Scale and self-reported neurological or psychiatric disorders were excluded. The final sample consisted of 218 participants in phonemic verbal fluency task (letters F, A and S) and 265 participants for semantic verbal fluency task (animals). The performance in both tests was associated with age and education, but not with sex. Still, the education variable was shown to have a greater impact on scores in phonemic and semantic tests than age in both forms of evocation. The results of this study suggest the importance of providing normative data for elderly Brazilians appropriate to age and education on verbal fluency tasks.

Predicting speech fluency and naming abilities in aphasic patients

Wang, Jasmine; Marchina, Sarah; Norton, Andrea C.; Wan, Catherine Y.; Schlaug, Gottfried
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.36%
There is a need to identify biomarkers that predict degree of chronic speech fluency/language impairment and potential for improvement after stroke. We previously showed that the Arcuate Fasciculus lesion load (AF-LL), a combined variable of lesion site and size, predicted speech fluency in patients with chronic aphasia. In the current study, we compared lesion loads of such a structural map (i.e., AF-LL) with those of a functional map [i.e., the functional gray matter lesion load (fGM-LL)] in their ability to predict speech fluency and naming performance in a large group of patients. The fGM map was constructed from functional brain images acquired during an overt speaking task in a group of healthy elderly controls. The AF map was reconstructed from high-resolution diffusion tensor images also from a group of healthy elderly controls. In addition to these two canonical maps, a combined AF-fGM map was derived from summing fGM and AF maps. Each canonical map was overlaid with individual lesion masks of 50 chronic aphasic patients with varying degrees of impairment in speech production and fluency to calculate a functional and structural lesion load value for each patient, and to regress these values with measures of speech fluency and naming. We found that both AF-LL and fGM-LL independently predicted speech fluency and naming ability; however...

A preliminary fMRI study of a novel self-paced written fluency task: observation of left-hemispheric activation, and increased frontal activation in late vs. early task phases

Golestanirad, Laleh; Das, Sunit; Schweizer, Tom A.; Graham, Simon J.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.3%
Neuropsychological tests of verbal fluency are very widely used to characterize impaired cognitive function. For clinical neuroscience studies and potential medical applications, measuring the brain activity that underlies such tests with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is of significant interest—but a challenging proposition because overt speech can cause signal artifacts, which tend to worsen as the duration of speech tasks becomes longer. In a novel approach, we present the group brain activity of 12 subjects who performed a self-paced written version of phonemic fluency using fMRI-compatible tablet technology that recorded responses and provided task-related feedback on a projection screen display, over long-duration task blocks (60 s). As predicted, we observed robust activation in the left anterior inferior and medial frontal gyri, consistent with previously reported results of verbal fluency tasks which established the role of these areas in strategic word retrieval. In addition, the number of words produced in the late phase (last 30 s) of written phonemic fluency was significantly less (p < 0.05) than the number produced in the early phase (first 30 s). Activation during the late phase vs. the early phase was also assessed from the first 20 s and last 20 s of task performance...

Graph analysis of verbal fluency test discriminate between patients with Alzheimer’s disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment and normal elderly controls

Bertola, Laiss; Mota, Natalia Bezerra; Copelli, Mauro; Rivero, Thiago; Diniz, Breno Satler de Oliveira; Romano-Silva, Marco Aurelio; Ribeiro, Sidarta; Malloy-Diniz, Leandro Fernandes
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.26%
Verbal fluency is the ability to produce a satisfying sequence of spoken words during a given time interval. The core of verbal fluency lies in the capacity to manage the executive aspects of language. The standard scores of the semantic verbal fluency test are broadly used in the neuropsychological assessment of the elderly, and different analytical methods are likely to extract even more information from the data generated in this test. Graph theory, a mathematical approach to analyze relations between items, represents a promising tool to understand a variety of neuropsychological states. This study reports a graph analysis of data generated by the semantic verbal fluency test by cognitively healthy elderly (NC), patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment – subtypes amnestic(aMCI) and amnestic multiple domain (a+mdMCI) - and patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Sequences of words were represented as a speech graph in which every word corresponded to a node and temporal links between words were represented by directed edges. To characterize the structure of the data we calculated 13 speech graph attributes (SGAs). The individuals were compared when divided in three (NC – MCI – AD) and four (NC – aMCI – a+mdMCI – AD) groups. When the three groups were compared...

A Longitudinal Exploration of the Relationship Between Oral Reading Fluency and Reading Comprehension Achievement Among a Sample of Diverse Young Learners

Acquavita, Teri L.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.36%
Exploring the relationship between early oral reading fluency ability and reading comprehension achievement among an ethnically and racially diverse sample of young learners from low-income families, attending elementary school within a large public school district in southeast Florida is the purpose of this longitudinal study. Although many studies have been conducted to address the relationship between oral reading fluency ability and reading comprehension achievement, most of the existing research failed either to disaggregate the data by demographic subgroups or secure a large enough sample of students to adequately represent the diverse subgroups. The research questions that guided this study were: (a) To what extent does early oral reading fluency ability measured in first, second, or third grade correlate with reading comprehension achievement in third grade? (b) To what extent does the relationship of early oral reading fluency ability and reading comprehension achievement vary by demographic subgroup membership (i.e., gender, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status) among a diverse sample of students? A predictive research design using archived secondary data was employed in this nonexperimental quantitative methods study of 1...

Impacto da fluência de leitura e da metacompreensão na compreensão da leitura; Impact of reading fluency and metacomprehension in reading comprehension

Collus, Jorge André Rocha Alves Soveral
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em //2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.2%
Dissertação de mestrado integrado em Psicologia; O objectivo deste estudo é o de analisar o efeito da fluência de leitura e de estratégias cognitivas e metacognitivas de leitura na compreensão da leitura. Constituiu-se, para o efeito, uma amostra de 171 alunos do 6.º ano de escolaridade do ensino básico. A fluência de leitura foi avaliada a partir do número de palavras lidas corretamente por minuto e as estratégias cognitivas e metacognitivas com a escala “Reading Strategy Use”. A compreensão da leitura foi avaliada a partir dos resultados obtidos pelos alunos no Exame Nacional de Português. Verificou-se que a correlação entre a fluência de leitura e a compreensão da leitura foi estatisticamente significativa. Já as estratégias cognitivas e metacognitivas apresentaram correlações baixas com a compreensão da leitura. A análise de regressão linear usando como preditor a fluência de leitura confirmou que esta variável é preditora da compreensão da leitura. São discutidos os resultados obtidos e analisadas algumas das suas implicações práticas.; The aim of this research is to study the impact of reading fluency, and cognitive and metacognitive reading strategies on reading comprehension. A sample of 171 6th grade students (basic education) was selected for that purpose. Reading fluency was assessed according to the number of correctly read words per minute...

Action verbal fluency in Parkinson’s patients

Rodrigues,Inês Tello; Ferreira,Joaquim J.; Coelho,Miguel; Rosa,Mario M.; Castro-Caldas,Alexandre
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.3%
We compared the performance of 31 non-demented Parkinson´s disease (PD) patients to 61 healthy controls in an action verbal fluency task. Semantic and phonemic fluencies, cognitive impairment and behavioural dysfunction were also assessed. The mean disease duration of PD was 9.8 years (standard deviation (SD) = 6.13). There were no age (U = 899.5, p = 0.616), gender(chi-square = 0.00, p = 1.00) or literacy (U = 956, p = 0.96) differences between the two groups. A significant difference was observed between the two groups in the action verbal fluency task (U = 406.5, p < 0.01) that was not found in the other fluency tasks. The education level was the only biographical variable that influenced the action (verb) fluency outcomes, irrespective of disease duration. Our findings suggest a correlation between the disease mechanisms in PD and a specific verb deficit, support the validity of the action (verb) fluency as an executive function measure and suggest that this task provides unique information not captured with traditional executive function tasks.

A Qualitative Study of Ontario Teachers’ Conceptualizations of Reading Fluency

Massoud, LISA
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.41%
Research has identified fluency as a central component of skilled reading and as a skill that should be a driving force in the literacy curricula (Kuhn, Schwanenflugel & Meisinger, 2010). Learning to read, teaching children how to read and researching the best way to teach children to be fluent readers is a multifaceted, elaborate process. The purpose of this study was to explore the ways in which teachers conceptualize reading fluency through interviews. Exploration through a qualitative study provided insights into how seven grade four and grade five Eastern Ontario teachers understand reading fluency. All teachers were found to characterize fluency as primarily reading speed and were found to share the belief that improvement in reading fluency was attributed to the amount of time a reader spent reading a variety of texts. The most prominent finding that emerged from the data was teachers' perception that comprehension should be the instructional focus for junior readers. Discussions with teachers provided insights into reading fluency that enabled the construction of a more detailed picture of classroom reading fluency and instruction in Ontario. The complex task of teaching reading fluency has not been a central topic in pre- and in-service teacher training in Ontario. This study provides an enhanced picture of classroom reading fluency instruction that may lead to opportunities for future professional development specifically designed around reading fluency instruction and best practice.; Thesis (Master...

Teacher's digital fluency: a new competence for foreigh language teaching

Pinho,Isis da Costa; Lima,Marilia dos Santos
Fonte: Faculdade de Letras - Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Publicador: Faculdade de Letras - Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.2%
This paper reports on a case study research focusing on digital fluency as a new competence for teaching foreign languages through technology. The data were generated on a training course having as its main purpose the investigation of pre-service and in-service teachers' perceptions about the relevance of digital fluency and the pedagogical use of digital technologies for foreign language (FL) teaching and learning. The trainee teachers were asked to work in groups with the purpose of exploring Windows Movie Maker software in order to create a movie addressing the importance of digital fluency and the potential of this digital tool in FL teaching and learning. The results suggest that digital fluency was considered a necessary competence for the creation of more attractive and dynamic lessons that motivate meaningful FL production.

Verbal fluency in Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and major depression

Araujo,Narahyana Bom de; Barca,Maria Lage; Engedal,Knut; Coutinho,Evandro Silva Freire; Deslandes,Andrea Camaz; Laks,Jerson
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.2%
OBJECTIVE: To compare verbal fluency among Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and major depression and to assess the sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with the disease severity. METHODS: Patients from an outpatient university center with a clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease or major depression were studied. Severity was staged using the Hoehn & Yahr scale, the Hamilton Depression scale and the Clinical Dementia Rating for Parkinson's disease, major depression, and Alzheimer's disease, respectively. All subjects were tested with the Mini-Mental State Examination, the digit span test, and the verbal fluency test (animals). We fit four types of regression models for the count variable: Poisson model, negative binomial model, zero-inflated Poisson model, and zero-inflated negative binomial model. RESULTS: The mean digit span and verbal fluency scores were lower in patients with Alzheimer's disease (n = 34) than in patients with major depression (n = 52) or Parkinson's disease (n = 17) (p<0.001). The average number of words listed was much lower for Alzheimer's disease patients (7.2 words) compared to the patients presenting with major depression (14.6 words) or Parkinson's disease (15.7 words) (KW test = 32.4; p<0.01). Major depression and Parkinson's disease groups listed 44% (ROM = 1.44) and 48% (ROM = 1.48) more words...

Repeated Readings to Promote Fluency for Students with Intellectual Disabilities

Armada, Christina
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.2%
Reading fluency is a skill that’s difficult for many students to acquire. However, research suggests that consistently implementing the Repeated Reading intervention can help students increase fluency and comprehension. The effect of this strategy when used to promote reading fluency in secondary students with severe intellectual disabilities has yet to be investigated. My research will examine the effect of the Repeated Reading intervention on the fluency level of students with intellectual disabilities in a public high school.