Página 1 dos resultados de 2889 itens digitais encontrados em 0.009 segundos

Impact of pharmaceutical policy interventions on utilization of antipsychotic medicines in Finland and Portugal in times of economic recession: interrupted time series analyses

Leopold, Christine; Zhang, Fang; Mantel-Teeuwisse, Aukje K; Vogler, Sabine; Valkova, Silvia; Ross-Degnan, Dennis; Wagner, Anita K
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.08%
Objectives: To analyze the impacts of pharmaceutical sector policies implemented to contain country spending during the economic recession – a reference price system in Finland and a mix of policies including changes in reimbursement rates, a generic promotion campaign and discounts granted to the public payer in Portugal – on utilization of, as a proxy for access to, antipsychotic medicines. Methodology We obtained monthly IMS Health sales data in standard units of antipsychotic medicines in Portugal and Finland for the period January 2007 to December 2011. We used an interrupted time series design to estimate changes in overall use and generic market shares by comparing pre-policy and post-policy levels and trends. Results: Both countries’ policy approaches were associated with slight, likely unintended, decreases in overall use of antipsychotic medicines and with increases in generic market shares of major antipsychotic products. In Finland, quetiapine and risperidone generic market shares increased substantially (estimates one year post-policy compared to before, quetiapine: 6.80% [3.92%, 9.68%]; risperidone: 11.13% [6.79%, 15.48%]. The policy interventions in Portugal resulted in a substantially increased generic market share for amisulpride (estimate one year post-policy compared to before: 22.95% [21.01%...

Can Ontario Be the Next Finland? Assessing Whether the Finnish Model Can Meet the Educational Needs of Ontario, Canada

Waddell, Kasey
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
This study examines the adaptability of the Finland model to meet the educational disparities currently observed in the education system in Ontario, Canada. A literature review and a database highlight key characteristics of the Finland model. From this information, Finland and Ontario’s systems are found to be similar in the areas of systemic structure and educational philosophies, and international testing and performance standards. The systems are found to be different in the areas of geography and demographics, social perceptions and attitudes towards education, school system structure, teaching philosophies, teacher education and professional status, and standardized and high-stakes testing. Discussion regarding use of Finnish philosophies to meet Ontario’s needs in the following areas takes place: social perceptions and attitudes towards education, our teaching philosophies, our teacher education and professional status, and our use of high-stakes and standardized testing. Opportunities for future research are also discussed and the major research paper includes a workshop and survey.

European immigration and integration : Finland

Koivukangas, Olavi
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 45800 bytes; 357 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.17%
The 1990s witnessed a period of strong immigration in Finland with the number of foreign arrivals increasing five-fold during the course of the decade. A major reason was the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the arrival of the Ingrians and other ethnic Finns. A significant proportion (roughly one-fifth) of the immgratory flow were refugees. Yet Finland remains an homogeneous society, with the proportion of foreign citizens accounting for only 1.9 per cent, the lowest among EU countries. Nevertheless, the challenge Finland faces is one of transition from a monolithic to a polyvalent culture. The recent increase in immigration has created a number of problems. Unemployment among foreign citizens is still over 30 per cent; it is eight per cent nationally. Negative attitudes and xenophobia among the native population towards foreigners remains. The varied composition of migration - refugees, asylum seekers, displaced persons, ordinary migrants and family members – places unique pressures on policy-makers and the citizenry alike. The flows have become more flexible, and the incidence of illegal migration and people smuggling is increasing. To address these challenges, the EU is gradually moving towards adopting a common policy on immigration and refugee issues as flagged under the 1992 Maastricht Treaty. This shift to greater supra-national authority is inevitable. Finland is currently alone among EU states in having a Russian border. However...

Is it commodification, de-commodification, familialism or de-familialization? Parental leave in Sweden and Finland; Ist es Kommodifizierung, De-Kommodifizierung, Familiarismus oder De-Familiarisierung? Erziehungsurlaub in Schweden und Finnland

Schleutker, Elina
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Report (Bericht)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
The aim of this paper is to discuss four central concepts of welfare state policy, (commodification, de-commodification, familialization, de-familialization) in the context of parental leave policies in two social democratic welfare states, Sweden and Finland. One could claim that the parental leave in these countries is including all of the four elements, but could mostly be characterized by commodification, de-commodification and de-familialization of the mothers. Sweden with its more generous parental leave (both when it comes to the amount of the days and the compensation) is being more de-commodifying and de-familializing than Finland. Despite the critique towards these Esping-Andersen´s concepts, they can be said to be more clarifying than confusing when discussing parental leave in Sweden and Finland, while the dimensions of the parental leave in these two countries seem to be complex and cannot be captured with only one concept.; Diese Arbeit behandelt vier zentrale Konzepte der Wohlfahrtsstaatspolitik (commodification, de-commodification, familialization, de-familialization) vor dem Hintergrund der Politiken des Eltern-/Erziehungsurlaubes in Schweden und Finnland, zwei sozialdemikratischen Wohlfahrtsstaaten. Man könnte sagen...

Changing security policy in Finland and Sweden

POLVI-LOHIKOSKI, Johanna
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Paper
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.78%
Defence date: 22 September 2003; Examining board: Dr. Pauli Järvenpää (Ministry of Defence, Finland) ; Prof. Rutger Lindahl (University of Göteborg, Sweden) ; Prof. Helen Wallace (EUI) ; Prof. Jan Zielonka (EUI - Supervisor)

Translating modernity : visions and uses of Europe in Finland

NYGÅRD, Stefan
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
Translating modernity to the periphery is a recurring theme in the discussions on Europe at its geocultural margins. In small and young countries such as Finland, “Europe” has been mobilized for nation-building in terms of accumulating cultural capital and, conversely, for challenging the strong national imperative in these countries; seeing things “from a European perspective” has often meant claiming to have a detached bird’s eye view on national questions. This article looks at some expressions of these dynamics in late nineteenth and early twentieth century Finland, notably within the cultural field, where identification with Europe has been articulated at the intersection of external pressures and internal debates, and in relation to other regional concepts such as Scandinavia.

Seven queer brothers : narratives of forbidden male same-sex desires from modernizing Finland 1894-1971

HAGMAN, Sandra
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.2%
From 1894 to 1971, "same-sex fornication" was a crime in Finland. However, a wide variation can be seen in the degree to which same-sex relations were controlled during the existence of the law. From the 1930s onwards, the number of convictions started to rise, reaching its peak in the early 1950s and dropping sharply in the latter half of the 1960s. This research studied the ways in which male same-sex desire was perceived, controlled and lived through during the first seventy years of twentieth-century Finland. The longitudinal-type analysis provided the perspective to view the transformations in discourses on male sexual practices and their impact on actual policing. The research question was elaborated through the microhistorical narratives of seven men who had been convicted of same-sex fornication in different decades of the twentieth century. The theoretical basis of the dissertation was queer theory. The main sources were same-sex fornication court case documents which were read together with legal, medical and moral writings, and newspaper and tabloid articles. By combining micro- and macro-dimensions, the research was able to reveal the changing attitudes towards male sexual intimacy in Finnish society, and by comparison to European historiography the study showed the roots of these attitudes. Until the late 1920s...

Citizenship and educational attainment amongst the second generation : an analysis of children of immigrants in Finland

KILPI-JAKONEN, Elina
Fonte: Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd Publicador: Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.78%
Citizenship acquisition is often viewed as an indicator of immigrant integration as well as an event that spurs integration further. Relatively little is known about the relationship between citizenship and integration for children of immigrants. This article examines the relationship between citizenship and educational attainment at approximately age 16 in Finland using register data. Results suggest that children of immigrants who are Finnish citizens have better educational outcomes than non-citizens, measured with three indicators of educational attainment. However, the Finnish citizens come from families with higher levels of educational and economic resources than non-citizens and this explains much of the relationship between citizenship and education. After controlling for intervening variables, second-generation students with Finnish citizenship are found to be more likely to choose general rather than vocational upper secondary education compared to their peers who have another citizenship. It is argued that this reflects a difference in educational attitudes between the two groups.

Educación artística comunitaria en Finlandia: entrevista a Timo Jokela; Community-based art education in Finland: an interview with Timo Jokela

Palacios Garrido, Alfredo
Fonte: Escuela Cardenal Cisneros. Centro Adscrito a la UAH Publicador: Escuela Cardenal Cisneros. Centro Adscrito a la UAH
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
Este ar tículo presenta un estudio sobre la educación ar tística comunitaria en la Universidad de Laponia en Finlandia. En primer lugar se analizan las líneas principales de este modelo formativo y de su plan de estudios. En segundo lugar se presenta una entrevista con Timo Jokela, Decano de la Facultad de Arte y Diseño de la Universidad de Laponia y director del Departamento de Educación Artística en esa misma Facultad. En la entrevista Timo Jokela habla de las relaciones entre arte, medio ambiente, comunidad y educación partiendo de su propia experiencia como artista y centrado en el contexto finlandés. También sobre los aspectos sociales, culturales, ar tísticos y educativos que están implícitos en el modelo de educación artística comunitaria que se pone en práctica, como itinerario formativo, en la Universidad de Laponia.; This article presents a study on communitybased art education at the University of Lapland in Finland. First, the main guidelines of this training model and its curriculum are analysed. Second, the author includes an interview with Timo Jokela, Dean of the Faculty of Art and Design of The University of Lapland in Finland and Director of the Department of Art Education at the same faculty. In the interview Timo Jokela draws upon his own experience as an artist in Finland to talk about the relationships between art...

Contra la corriente: Dependencia del camino, convergencia y contingencia en la comprensi??n del modelo finland??s de Garant??a de la Calidad en Educaci??n (QAE)

Simola, Hannu; Varjo, Janne; Rinne, Risto
Fonte: Universidade de Granada Publicador: Universidade de Granada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
En este art??culo experimentamos con la idea de combinar la teor??a de la dependencia de decisiones previas (path dependency) con la convergencia y la contingencia para explicar el car??cter distintivo de Finlandia en la pol??tica educativa y en los modos de hacer pol??tica desde comienzos de los a??os 1990. Este trabajo se centra en la garant??a de la calidad y la evaluaci??n (QAE) en la ense??anza comprensiva (secundaria). Elaboramos y contextualizamos el modelo QAE finland??s a trav??s del an??lisis de los caminos particulares y algo ambiguos en que las pr??cticas globales de QAE han sido recibidas ???o no- y han mediado en Finlandia.; In this article we experiment with the idea of combining path dependency, convergence and contingency in explaining Finnish distinctiveness in education policy and politics since the early 1990s. The focus of this paper is on quality assurance and evaluation (QAE) in comprehensive schooling. We elaborate on and contextualise the Finnish QAE model by analysing the particular and somewhat ambiguous ways in which global QAE practices have ??? or have not ??? been received and mediated in Finland.

Pol??tica educativa y contingencia: creencias, estatus y confianza detr??s del milagro finland??s de PISA

Simola, Hannu; Rinne, Risto
Fonte: Universidad de Granada Publicador: Universidad de Granada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
Los autores sugieren tres conceptos te??ricos que consideran prometedores para la educaci??n comparada. Estos son: (1) unificar los conceptos te??ricos de dependencia, convergencia y contingencia, (2) trazar la historia de la problem??tica y (3) analizar las interpretaciones nacionales y locales como h??bridos. En su an??lisis del ???milagro finland??s??? de PISA, los autores se centran exclusivamente en el concepto de contingencia para ver si se puede facilitar una comprensi??n m??s amplia sobre el ??xito nacional. Para ello identifican tres ???verdades??? nacionales que son ampliamente aceptadas en Finlandia a pesar de faltar la evidencia emp??rica de una investigaci??n que las apoye: los finlandeses comparten una amplia creencia en la escolarizaci??n, la ense??anza es una profesi??n muy apreciada en Finlandia y las escuelas finlandesas gozan de una confianza bastante alta por parte de los padres, las autoridades y los pol??ticos. Este estudio muestra c??mo la g??nesis de estas tres ???creencias??? nacionales se debe m??s bien a la casualidad que al resultado de una planificaci??n racional o a un prop??sito educativo por parte de los pol??ticos. Simola y Rinne concluyen que conceptualizaciones tales como la contingencia...

A content analysis of media reports on the Indian community in Finland

MUSTONEN, Liina
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.17%
DEMO: India-EU MaP - Developing Evidence based Management and Operations in India-EU Migration and Partnership; The report analyses the media representation of Indian community resident in Finland. The four major Finnish newspapers were analysed during the period between 2012 and 2015. In comparison with many other European countries with larger migrant communities, the Indian community in Finland is small. Although specific reporting on ethnic communities is limited in the Finnish press, interesting insights on the media representation of the Indian community can be drawn from the data. The research concludes that reports on business relations and Finnish companies' operations in India, mostly concerning Nokia's failures in India, are often portrayed in a negative light. India is considered as a difficult business environment and culturalist explanations dominate over others. At the same time the reporting recognizes the opportunities that India's new rising market can offer to Finnish companies. In turn, residents with Indian origin in Finland are portrayed as hard-working and important part of the economy in Finland. Indian culture understood as art is also seen as an enriching addition to the Finnish culture. However, occasional notions in the Finnish press point to the idea of a 'Finn' as a somewhat closed category : a migrant becomes Finn...

Beneath Moral Economy: Informal assistance in early 20th century Finland

SAARITSA, Sakari
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Paper
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
Defense date: 25/01/2008; Examining Board: Prof. Laurence Fontaine (EUI and EHESS) – supervisor Dr. Antti Häkkinen (University of Helsinki) Prof. Arfon Rees (EUI) Prof. Jane Humphries (Oxford University); The study concerns informal assistance between households as a form of social security in early 20th century Finland. Its sources consist of oral histories, tax, demographic and welfare records and household budgets. According to the study, the popular ideology related to informal assistance excluded outsiders, idealized shared poverty, relied on familiarity and reciprocity, and appealed to material imperative. It turned necessity into a virtue. In different historical situations, entitlement to assistance was attached to changing political and social circumstances, which made access uncertain, difficult, and at times, humiliating for the beneficiaries. The donors used their position to construct and reinforce their own social identities. In quantitative terms, informal assistance was relatively scarce and took various forms which followed logics that broadly resembled social security, but had significant differences. Actual gifts and assistance were more important for chronically low-income workers, whereas informal loans were related to temporary fluctuations in income...

A regional 1.92 Ga tectonothermal episode in Ostrobothnia, Finland: Implications for models of Svecofennian accretion

Williams, Ian; Rutland, Rupert; Kousa, Jukka
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
The mostly metasedimentary Svecofennian Western Pohjanmaa belt in Ostrobothnia, Finland, can be divided into two stratigraphic groups separated by a major unconformity that reflects deformation following regional metamorphism. The western Lappfors group,

Student persistence in STEM fields: school structures and student choices in Finland, Sweden and the United States

Saari, Jennifer von Reis
Fonte: University of Cambridge; Faculty of Education; Trinity Hall Publicador: University of Cambridge; Faculty of Education; Trinity Hall
Tipo: Thesis; doctoral; PhD
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.08%
The PDF version of this dissertation contains hyperlinks.; In science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education, producing high level talent and increasing equity of access and engagement are prominent but sometimes conflicting policy directives. Yet, retention and persistence are important outcomes both for the production of elite talent and for promoting equity within STEM fields. This dissertation investigates the effects of policy on student persistence in Finland, Sweden and the United States. Drawing on interviews with upper-secondary school students and teachers (Finland: 26 students, 8 teachers; Sweden: 29 students and 10 teachers; United States: 19 students, 2 mentors) and surveys (Finland: 255 students, Sweden: 130 students, United States: 288 students), this study investigates the effects that different structures (including contrasting policies of stratification and differentiation, specialist magnet schools and enrichment programmes) have on students? intentions to persist in STEM fields. This study supports the theory that educational policies mediate student persistence both through structural possibility, and through the development of students? identities and non-cognitive skills. Here, non-cognitive skills (such as self-efficacy and self-concept) are considered part of an ?adaptive habitus? and a latent variable comprised of domain-specific non-cognitive skills is used in models of student persistence. The models illustrate the do- main specific interactions of educational structures...

The Introduction and development of printing in Finland, 1631-1727

Kokka, Esa-Mikael
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.08%
The objective of this thesis project was to prepare a detailed yet reasonably compact history of the three early printing houses in Finland within a context of general Finnish and Scandinavian history. An extensive study of the literature was needed to accomplish the set goals. The literature included books on both early printing in Finland and on its general history. The necessary field studies consisted of visits to museums, university libraries, archives and churches. These offered the opportunity to study old manuscripts and the early printed products. Some experts were also interviewed. As a result of this research, a compact and well-illustrated history of the early printing houses and their printers was compiled, including discussions of the driving forces behind the printing houses and contemporary economic, religious and social influences. A selection of typical and interesting illustrations of the printed products is also included. The early printing houses in Finland between 1642 and 1713 produced a considerable number of books and other printed products under stormy conditions. The printers did skilled work, both in typographic and quality senses, despite scanty equipment and constant interruptions. It is impossible to compile a complete account of the printers...

National CRIS development in Finland

Kaitera, Aija
Fonte: euroCRIS Publicador: euroCRIS
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.78%
19 slides; This presentation describes the administrative framework and initiatives taken to promote current research information systems in Finland, both at national and institutional level, within a broader drive towards harmonised research evaluation and system interoperability.

Medication adherence: a review of pharmacy education, research, practice and policy in Finland

Bell,J. Simon; Enlund,Hannes; Vainio,Kirsti
Fonte: Pharmacy Practice (Internet) Publicador: Pharmacy Practice (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
Aims: To describe pharmacy education, research, practice and policy related to medication adherence in Finland since the year 2000. Methods: The three universities that provide pharmacy education (Åbo Akademi, University of Eastern Finland, and University of Helsinki) completed a structured pro-forma questionnaire regarding education related to medication adherence. A MEDLINE and EMBASE literature search was performed to identify English language peer-reviewed research that reported medication compliance, adherence or persistence. The Ministry of Social Affairs and Health was invited to nominate policies and documents related to medication adherence. A narrative review of medication counselling practices and professional service delivery through Finnish community pharmacies was undertaken. Results: Medication adherence was a theme integrated into obligatory and elective courses for bachelors and masters degree students. The literature search identified 33 English language peer-reviewed research articles reporting medication compliance, adherence or persistence published since the year 2000. Policy documents of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health recognise that poor medication adherence may lead to sub-optimal treatment outcomes...

Surveillance of patients with acute flaccid paralysis in Finland: report of a pilot study

Hovi,T.; Stenvik,M.
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
WHO recommends that surveillance of patients with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) be used to demonstrate the eradication of wild poliovirus. In this article we report the results of a study to assess the frequency of AFP patients referred to Finnish hospitals and whether virological diagnostic coverage could be improved by repeated reminders and active feedback. For this purpose, we sent monthly questionnaires to all neurological and paediatric neurological units in Finland, requesting retrospective reporting on investigated paralytic patients with defined clinically relevant diagnoses, rather than AFP. Reminder letters included a pre-paid return envelope. Virological investigations were offered cost free. Of the 492 reporting forms sent, 415 (84%) were returned, evenly covering both the population and the study period (July 1997 to June 1998). Of the 90 patients reported, 83 were evaluable. The apparent incidences of the diagnoses covered were 1.6 per 100 000 at any age, and 1.0 per 100 000 for under-15-year-olds. Guillain-Barré syndrome was the most common diagnosis (0.80 per 100 000). The two faecal specimens required were virologically investigated in nine out of the 10 patients under 15 years of age, but in only 46% of all patients. Four adenovirus strains...

Attitudes towards war, killing, and punishment of children among young people in Estonia, Finland, Romania, the Russian Federation, and the USA

McAlister,Alfred; Sandström,Patrick; Puska,Pekka; Veijo,Anitta; Chereches,Razvan; Heidmets,Lenne-Triin
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.78%
OBJECTIVE: To study the cultural differences in moral disengagement, which lends support to attitudes used to justify violence. METHODS: We carried out classroom surveys of a total of 3122 students in the USA (Houston, TX, and Washington, DC) and in four European countries - Estonia (Tartu), Finland (Helsinki), Romania (Satu Mare) and the Russian Federation (St Petersburg). Data were also taken from a random sample telephone survey of 341 young adults (aged 18-35 years) in Texas, USA. Ten distinct groups were studied. Seven questions were common to all the surveys, using identical statements about the participants’ agreement with attitudes relating to war, diplomacy, killing, and the punishment of children. FINDINGS: The US students were more likely than those in Europe to agree with the following statements: ‘‘War is necessary’’ (20% vs 9%), ‘‘A person has the right to kill to defend property’’ (54% vs 17%), and ‘‘Physical punishment is necessary for children’’ (27% vs 10%). Justification of war and killing was less common among females than males in all groups; other differences within the US groups and the European groups were smaller than the differences between the US and European groups. CONCLUSION: The results confirm the gap between the US and European groups in moral disengagement attitudes and tendencies that could lead to deadly violence.