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Lignocellulosic polysaccharides and lignin degradation by wood decay fungi: the relevance of nonenzymatic Fenton-based reactions

ARANTES, Valdeir; MILAGRES, Adriane M. F.; FILLEY, Timothy R.; GOODELL, Barry
Fonte: SPRINGER HEIDELBERG Publicador: SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.45%
The brown rot fungus Wolfiporia cocos and the selective white rot fungus Perenniporia medulla-panis produce peptides and phenolate-derivative compounds as low molecular weight Fe(3+)-reductants. Phenolates were the major compounds with Fe(3+)-reducing activity in both fungi and displayed Fe(3+)-reducing activity at pH 2.0 and 4.5 in the absence and presence of oxalic acid. The chemical structures of these compounds were identified. Together with Fe(3+) and H(2)O(2) (mediated Fenton reaction) they produced oxygen radicals that oxidized lignocellulosic polysaccharides and lignin extensively in vitro under conditions similar to those found in vivo. These results indicate that, in addition to the extensively studied Gloeophyllum trabeum-a model brown rot fungus-other brown rot fungi as well as selective white rot fungi, possess the means to promote Fenton chemistry to degrade cellulose and hemicellulose, and to modify lignin. Moreover, new information is provided, particularly regarding how lignin is attacked, and either repolymerized or solubilized depending on the type of fungal attack, and suggests a new pathway for selective white rot degradation of wood. The importance of Fenton reactions mediated by phenolates operating separately or synergistically with carbohydrate-degrading enzymes in brown rot fungi...

Surfactant degradation by a catechol-driven Fenton reaction

ZANTA, Carmem Lucia P. S.; FRIEDRICH, Leidi C.; MACHULEK JR., Amilcar; HIGA, Karen M.; QUINA, Frank H.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.54%
The addition of 0.5 mM catechol is shown to accelerate the degradation and mineralization of the anionic surfactant DOWFaX (TM) 2A1 (sodium dodecyldiphenyloxide disulfonate) under conventional Fenton reaction conditions (Fe(II) plus H(2)O(2) at pH 3). The catalytic effect causes a 3-fold increase in the initial rate (up to ca. 20 min) of conversion of the surfactant to oxidation products (apparent first-order rate constants of 0.021 and 0.061 min(-1) in the absence and presence of catechol, respectively). Although this catalytic rate increase persists for a certain amount of time after complete disappearance of catechol itself (ca. 8 min), the reaction rate begins to decline slowly after the initial 20 min towards that observed in the absence of added catechol. Total organic carbon (TOC) measurements of net mineralization and cyclic voltammetric and high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) measurements of the initial rate of reaction of catechol and the surfactant provide insight into the role of catechol in promoting the degradation of the surfactant and of degradation products as the eventual inhibitors of the Fenton reaction. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq)...

Hydrogen peroxide monitoring in Fenton reaction by using a ruthenium oxide hexacyanoferrate/multiwalled carbon nanotubes modified electrode

Pena, Roselyn C.; Silva, Volnir O.; Quina, Frank Herbert; Bertotti, Mauro
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA; LAUSANNE Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA; LAUSANNE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
A novel amperometric sensor based on the incorporation of ruthenium oxide hexacyanoferrate (RuOHCF) into multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) immobilized on a glassy carbon electrode is described. Cyclic voltammetry experiments indicated that the cathodic reduction of hydrogen peroxide at the RuOHCF/MWCNTs100/GC modified electrode is facilitated, occurring at 0.0 V vs. Ag/AgCl/KCl(sat). Following the optimization of the experimental conditions, the proposed sensor presented excellent analytical properties for hydrogen peroxide determination, with a low limit of detection (4.7 mu mol L-1), a large dynamic concentration range (0.1-10 mmol L-1) and a sensitivity of 1280 mu A mmol(-1) L cm(-2). The usefulness of the RuOHCF/MWCNTs100/GC electrochemical sensor was confirmed by monitoring the consumption of hydrogen peroxide during the degradation of phenol by the Fenton reaction. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); FAPESP (Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa de Sao Paulo); CAPES (Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior); Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES); CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq)

Mechanistic Implications of Zinc(II) Ions on the Degradation of Phenol by the Fenton Reaction

Friedrich, Leidi Cecilia; Mendes, Maria Anita; Silva, Volnir Oliveira; Zanta, Carmem Lucia P. S.; Machulek Jr., Amilcar; Quina, Frank Herbert
Fonte: SOC BRASILEIRA QUIMICA; SAO PAULO Publicador: SOC BRASILEIRA QUIMICA; SAO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.46%
A study of the interference of Zn2+ ions on phenol degradation by Fenton reaction (Fe2+/Fe3(+) + H2O2) is reported. One of the first intermediates formed in the reaction, catechol, can reduce Fe3+ to Fe2+ and, in the presence of H2O2 initiates an efficient catalytic redox cycle. In the initial stages of the reaction, this catechol-mediated cycle becomes the principal route of thermal degradation of phenol and its oxidation products. The Zn2+ ion addition enhances the persistence time of catechol, probably by stabilization of the corresponding semiquinone radical via complexation.; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq), Brasilia; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq), Brasilia; FAPEAL; FAPEAL; ALCOA Foundation; ALCOA Foundation; FUNDECT; FUNDECT; CNPq; CNPq; INCT Catalysis; INCT-Catalysis

Mechanistic implications of zinc(II) ions on the degradation of phenol by the fenton reaction

Friedrich, Leidi Cecilia; Mendes, Maria Anita; Silva, Volnir Oliveira; Zanta, Carmem Lúcia P. S.; Machulek Jr., Amilcar; Quina, Frank Herbert
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.46%
A study of the interference of Zn2+ ions on phenol degradation by Fenton reaction (Fe2+/Fe3+ + H2O2) is reported. One of the first intermediates formed in the reaction, catechol, can reduce Fe3+ to Fe2+ and, in the presence of H2O2 initiates an efficient catalytic redox cycle. In the initial stages of the reaction, this catechol-mediated cycle becomes the principal route of thermal degradation of phenol and its oxidation products. The Zn2+ ion addition enhances the persistence time of catechol, probably by stabilization of the corresponding semiquinone radical via complexation.

Estudos mecanísticos da interferência de íons cobre(II) e zinco(II) na reação de Fenton; Mechanistic studies of the interference of the cupper(II) and zinc(II) ions on the Fenton reaction

Friedrich, Leidi Cecília
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/08/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.81%
O objetivo principal deste trabalho foi estudar a interferência de íons Cu2+ e Zn2+ na degradação do fenol pela reação de Fenton (Fe2+/Fe3+ + H2O2). Ambos os íons apresentaram efeito catalítico na reação de Fenton, porém atuam em etapas diferentes durante essa reação. Um dos primeiros intermediários da degradação, o catecol, é capaz de reduzir o Fe3+ a Fe2+, que, na presença de H2O2, cria um ciclo redox bastante eficiente. Portanto, este ciclo passa a ser o mecanismo principal da degradação térmica de fenol e seus produtos de oxidação nas etapas iniciais da reação. O íon Zn2+ interfere no tempo de persistência do catecol no meio reacional, provavelmente via estabilização do radical semiquinona correspondente. Um estudo da reação de cupro-Fenton (Cu2+ + H2O2) sugere dois possíveis papéis dos íons cobre: i) A reação de íons Cu1+ com H2O2 pode regenerar Cu2+ via uma reação análoga a de Fenton, formando radicais HO•. Na presença de um excesso de H2O2, o radical HO• pode ser consumido por outra molécula de H2O2 para produzir HOO•- e O2•-, (ii) Na etapa final da reação, quando o ferro(III) da solução é complexado na forma de ferrioxalato, os íons cobre assumem o papel de principal catalisador da degradação. Deste modo...

Estudos cinéticos da catálise da reação de fenton por 3,5-di-terc-butil-catecol; Kinetic studies of the catalysis of the fenton reaction by 3,5-di-tert- butyl-catechol

Silva, Volnir de Oliveira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/05/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.7%
A reação de Fenton é o nome dado à oxidação de ferro(II) a ferro(III) pela água oxigenada, uma reação que produz espécies com alto poder oxidante como o radical hidroxila. Neste trabalho, foi desenvolvida uma metodologia espectrofotométrica para o acompanhamento da formação de ferro(III) nos momentos iniciais da reação de Fenton. Esta metodologia foi aplicada a quatro conjuntos de reações: (A) o sistema Fenton simples, contendo apenas ferro(II) e H2O2; (B) o sistema A contendo isopropanol, um substrato orgânico simples que sofre principalmente oxidação a acetona; (C) o sistema A contendo o catalisador 3,5-di-terc-butil-catecol (H2DTBCat); (D) o sistema C mais isopropanol, que corresponde ao sistema catalítico completo. Em cada conjunto, variou-se as concentrações de ferro(II) e H2O2. Um modelo cinético, baseado num conjunto de reações explícitas e as respectivas constantes de velocidade, foi desenvolvido para simular a velocidade de formação de ferro(III) para estes quatro conjuntos de reações. Utilizando reações relatadas na literatura, o modelo forneceu simulações que reproduziram satisfatoriamente os dados experimentais dos conjuntos A e B. No caso dos conjuntos C e D, porém, foi necessário propor uma etapa envolvendo a formação de ferro(IV) ou ferril...

Caracterização de compostos de baixa massa molar redutores de ferro produzidos por fungos e mediação da reação de fenton para degradação de polissacarídeos e lignina; Characterization of low molecular weight Fe3+-reducing compounds produced by fungi and mediation of Fenton reaction to degrade polysaccharides and lignin

Arantes, Valdeir
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/08/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.6%
Os fungos de decomposição branca e parda produzem enzimas para degradar os componentes da madeira, os primeiros produzem enzimas hidrolíticas e oxidativas enquanto os outros produzem principalmente enzimas hidrolíticas. A degradação de polissacarídeos e lignina por fungos de decomposição parda e branca seletiva, respectivamente, não ocorre na região imediata à hifa, e, também, não pode ser explicada unicamente por ação enzimática devido a impermeabilidade das mesmas na parede celular. Neste trabalho estudou-se o sistema degradativo não enzimático envolvendo compostos de baixa massa molar (CBMM) redutores de ferro em fungos degradadores de madeira. O fungo de decomposição parda, Wolfiporia cocos e o de decomposição branca seletiva, Perenniporia medulla-panis foram cultivados em diferentes concentrações de ferro, e a atividade redutora de Fe3+ micelial e a extracelular, assim como a produção de quelantes específicos de ferro, como derivados de ácido hidroxâmico e de catecol, foram induzidas em condição de deficiência de ferro. Os géis de SDS-PAGE dos extratos fúngicos mostraram várias proteínas negativamente reguladas por ferro em P. medulla-panis e W. cocos, principalmente para proteínas entre 10 - 30 kDa. Quando os fungos foram cultivados em diferentes fontes de carbono simples com e sem suplementação de celulose microcristalina e deficiência de ferro...

Utilização da drenagem ácida de minas como reagente para tratamento do lixiviado do aterro sanitário de Campo Bom-RS : estudos de coagulação e reação de Fenton

Fagundes, Rosângela Maria Schuch
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.6%
Na região sul do Brasil, muito aterros sanitários encontram-se próximos a áreas de mineração de carvão, cujos rejeitos são ricos no mineral pirita (FeS2). Este trabalho teve como objetivo estudar o tratamento de lixiviado de aterro sanitário com coagulantes férricos e ferrosos produzidos a partir da oxidação da pirita em meio aquoso. O lixiviado de aterro sanitário foi coletado no Aterro do Município de Campo Bom no Vale do Rio dos Sinos – RS. Pesquisou-se o efeito da dosagem do coagulante e avaliou-se comparativamente o desempenho com coagulantes comerciais produzidos a partir da dissolução de sucata ferrosa em ácido sulfúrico. Os resultados obtidos demostraram que os coagulantes férricos são eficiente no tratamento por coagulação dos lixiviados em dosagens superiores a 1 g/L. Verificou-se também que os coagulantes ferrosos podem ser aplicados no tratamento do chorume pelo processo Fenton (H2O2/Fe). Foram realizados ensaios considerando diferentes misturas de chorume e DAM, com e sem a adição de H2O2. O efeito de coagulação, em ambos os casos, melhorou as características do efluente em termos de carga orgânica, metais pesados e nutrientes. Porém, quando foi adicionado o H2O2 (Reação de Fenton), o efluente final apresentou melhores resultados em relação a cor...

Evaluation of the combined solar TiO2/photo-Fenton process using multivariate analysis

Nogueira, R. F P; Trovó, A. G.; Paterlini, W. C.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 195-200
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.45%
The effect of combining the photocatalytic processes using TiO 2 and the photo-Fenton reaction with Fe3+ or ferrioxalate as a source of Fe2+ was investigated in the degradation of 4-chlorophenol (4CP) and dichloroacetic acid (DCA) using solar irradiation. Multivariate analysis was used to evaluate the role of three variables: iron, H2O2 and TiO2 concentrations. The results show that TiO2 plays a minor role when compared to iron and H2O2 in the solar degradation of 4CP and DCA in the studied conditions. However, its presence can improve TOC removal when H2O2 is totally consumed. Iron and peroxide play major roles, especially when Fe(NO3)3 used in the degradation of 4CP. No significant synergistic effect was observed by the addition of TiO 2 in this process. On the other hand, synergistic effects were observed between FeOx and TiO2 and between H 2O2 and TiO2 in the degradation of DCA. © IWA Publishing 2004.

Mecanismo e aplicações da reação de fenton assistida por compostos fenólicos redutores de ferro

Aguiar,André; Ferraz,André; Contreras,David; Rodríguez,Jaime
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.34%
The mechanism and applications of the Fenton reaction assisted by iron-reducing phenolic compounds (IRPC) is reviewed. The presence of IRPC leads to the formation of a larger number of free radicals. The relationship between the redox potential and the IRPC structure is discussed. The effect of humic substances in the degradation of xenobiotics is also included, since these substances are able to reduce metallic ions. The natural occurrence of Fe3+/H2O2/IRPC in wood biodegradation processes, as well as their application is also discussed. The review concludes with the advantages of the Fe3+/H2O2/IRPC systems and some considerations for further process optimization and their applications at industrial levels.

Zn-edta degradation by catechol-driven fenton reaction

Oviedo,Claudia; Berrocal,Alexander; Navarrete,José; Mansilla,Héctor; Contreras,David
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.55%
Zn-EDTA degradabilty by catechol-driven Fenton reaction was studied. Response surface methodology central composite design was employed to maximize this complex degradation. Theoretical speciation calculations were in good agreement with the experimental results. Fenton and Fenton type treatments are typically thought to be applicable only in the highly acidic range, representing a major operational constraint. Interestingly, at optimized concentrations, this CAT-driven Fenton reaction at pH 5.5 achieved 100% Zn-EDTA degradation; 60% COD and 17% TOC removals, using tiny amounts of CAT (50 µM), Fe(III) (445 µM) and H2O2 (20 mM) with no evident ferric sludge.

Mechanistic implications of zinc(II) ions on the degradation of phenol by the fenton reaction

Friedrich,Leidi Cecilia; Mendes,Maria Anita; Silva,Volnir Oliveira; Zanta,Carmem Lúcia P. S.; Machulek Jr.,Amilcar; Quina,Frank Herbert
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.46%
A study of the interference of Zn2+ ions on phenol degradation by Fenton reaction (Fe2+/Fe3+ + H2O2) is reported. One of the first intermediates formed in the reaction, catechol, can reduce Fe3+ to Fe2+ and, in the presence of H2O2 initiates an efficient catalytic redox cycle. In the initial stages of the reaction, this catechol-mediated cycle becomes the principal route of thermal degradation of phenol and its oxidation products. The Zn2+ ion addition enhances the persistence time of catechol, probably by stabilization of the corresponding semiquinone radical via complexation.

Heterogeneous fenton process using the mineral hematite for the discolouration of a reactive dye solution

Araujo,F. V. F.; Yokoyama,L.; Teixeira,L. A. C.; Campos,J. C.
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering Publicador: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.57%
This work reports a study on the heterogeneous Fenton reaction using hematite powder (Fe2O3) in suspension for the discolouration of the reactive dye Drimarene Red X-6BN in aqueous solutions. The efficiency of the process was studied as a function of the experimental conditions: initial pH; H2O2 dose; and hematite powder concentration; all of which showed a strong effect on the reaction kinetics. Under the best experimental conditions: pH = 2.5; H2O2 dose = 800 mg/L; and [Hematite] = 20 g/L, it was possible to remove about 99% of the initial colour in 120 minutes in a batch reaction at 25ºC. The analysis of the kinetic results suggests that the reaction is initiated by heterogeneous generation of free radicals on the hematite surface, but as soluble iron (III) and iron (II) species are released into the solution during the course of the reaction, a simultaneous homogeneous Fenton reaction step propagates and contributes to the overall reaction.

Dissolved Organic Carbon Determination Using FIA and Photo-Fenton Reaction

Kondo,Márcia M.; Arcos,Maria A. S. V.; Grassi,Marco T.
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.34%
The FIA-photo-Fenton system is based on the flow oxidation of the organic matter. A small amount of the sample containing H2O2 is injected into the acidic flow solution of Fe2+, which passes through a tubular PTFE reactor irradiated with UV light. The generated CO2 is quantified by a conductometric detector and is directly proportional to the dissolved organic carbon concentration in the sample. The optimization studies were performed using EDTA solutions. The average recovery of organic carbon was 83% with a relative standard deviation of 3.7% using a 1:5 molar ratio of Fe2+:H2O2, pH 2.0, 100 muL of sample injection and a liquid flow of 1 mL min-1. After optimization, the DOC concentration was quantified using 13 different organic compounds, where the average recovery was 90%. The rate of the analysis was in average 50 samples hour-1.

A Fenton reaction at the endoplasmic reticulum is involved in the redox control of hypoxia-inducible gene expression

Liu, Qing; Berchner-Pfannschmidt, Utta; Möller, Ulrike; Brecht, Martina; Wotzlaw, Christoph; Acker, Helmut; Jungermann, Kurt; Kietzmann, Thomas
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.67%
It has been proposed that hydroxyl radicals (·OH) generated in a perinuclear iron-dependent Fenton reaction are involved in O2-dependent gene expression. Thus, it was the aim of this study to localize the cellular compartment in which the Fenton reaction takes place and to determine whether scavenging of ·OH can modulate hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1)-dependent gene expression. The Fenton reaction was localized by using the nonfluorescent dihydrorhodamine (DHR) 123 that is irreversibly oxidized to fluorescent rhodamine 123 while scavenging ·OH together with gene constructs allowing fluorescent labeling of mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum (ER), Golgi apparatus, peroxisomes, or lysosomes. A 3D two-photon confocal laser scanning microscopy showed ·OH generation in distinct hot spots of perinuclear ER pockets. This ER-based Fenton reaction was strictly pO2-dependent. Further colocalization experiments showed that the O2-sensitive transcription factor HIF-1α was present at the ER under normoxia, whereas HIF-1α was present only in the nucleus under hypoxia. Inhibition of the Fenton reaction by the ·OH scavenger DHR attenuated HIF-prolyl hydroxylase activity and interaction with von Hippel–Lindau protein, leading to enhanced HIF-1α levels...

Evaluation of different sample preparation procedures using chemometrics: comparison among photo-fenton reaction, microwave irradiation, and direct determination of minerals in fruit juices.

GROMBONI, C. F.; CARAPELLI, R.; FEREIRA FILHO, E. R.; NOGUEIRA, A. R. de A.
Fonte: Food Analytical Methods, v. 3, p. 98-103, 2010. Publicador: Food Analytical Methods, v. 3, p. 98-103, 2010.
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
PT_BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.41%
In this work, an exploratory study about the mineral characteristic of some fruit juice (passion fruit, pineapple, orange, and grape) applying chemometric tools was made. The juices analyzed were separated in different groups by principal components analysis and hierarchical components analysis in accordance with their minerals contents. Barium, C, Ca, K, Mg, Mn, Na, and Sr were determined by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. Addition and recovery methods were used for confirmation of the results. The recovery range for microwave sample preparation was from 81% (for K) to 111% (for Mn), for photo-Fenton from 102% (for Ca e Mg) to 128% (for Na), and the direct analysis, without sample preparation step, from 96% (for K) to 139% (for Mn). A new method based on photo-Fenton reaction coupled with microwave radiation for juice decomposition was proposed; the obtained results were satisfactory and compatible with the conventional methods of analysis in accordance with Student's statistic t test and chemometric tools.; 2010

Hydroxyl radical production via the photo-Fenton reaction in natural waters

Southworth, Barbara A. (Barbara Anne), 1973-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 188 leaves; 5518688 bytes; 5518494 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.73%
This dissertation investigates the importance of photo-Fenton chemistry in natural waters. The Fenton reaction, H202 + Fe(ll) [right arrow] Fe(ll) + OH- + OH', can occur in sunlit waters because both H202 and Fe(ll) are photo-chemically produced. Photo-Fenton chemistry was investigated by irradiating model systems and natural water samples with simulated sunlight and measuring both H202 accumulation and OH' production in the presence and the absence of Fe reactions. Using these data, a model was developed to calculate the potential impact of the photo-Fenton reaction in sunlit natural waters. Throughout this work, a method based on the chemiluminescent reaction of an acridinium ester compound with the conjugate base of H202 was used to analyze H202. This method is sensitive, and has a greater dynamic range, greater selectivity, and fewer sources of interference than more commonly used methods. However, its behavior is not consistent with a simple reaction mechanism. The kinetics of the chemiluminescent reaction were investigated and a mechanism proposed that can explain its behavior, confirming the ability of this method to accurately measure H202, and suggesting ways to avoid potential problems with its application. The photo-Fenton reaction was studied in model systems consisting of a standard humic substance and amorphous iron oxide exposed to simulated sunlight. A probe method was adapted to allow low concentrations of OH' to be measured without otherwise influencing the chemical reactions occurring in experiments. The difference between measured H202 accumulation in the presence and absence of Fe in these systems was interpreted as the photo-loss of H202 by reaction with Fe(ll).; (cont.) Both this photo-loss...

Tratamento de efluente da indústria de coco utilizando os processo de Fenton e eletroquímico; Wastewater treatment industry coconut using the processes of Fenton and electrochemical

Gomes, Lúcio de Moura
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; Brasil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Química; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; Brasil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Química; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.74%
Nowadays, the food industry is one of activities that fastest growing on the planet due to the demand for food, which ends up generating a lot of waste solids, liquids and gases that can contaminate / pollute water and soil. One of the food industry which generates a significant amount of waste is the coconut processing industry. In order to minimize the environmental impact is necessary to use some techniques in treatment of this wastewater that are efficient and economically viable. Between these techniques currently being studied, Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) have received considerable attention due to the high efficiency in wastewater treatment and low operating cost. Among the AOPs, the application of the Fenton reaction and the Electrochemical process has been outstanding. These techniques have low toxicity and high efficiency for the mineralization of most organic pollutant compounds. However, due to the complexity of some effluents, the application of a single technique is not sufficient to adjust the effluent for disposal, thus, the association of the electrochemical technology and the Fenton reaction makes the process still more promising. The objective of this study was to evaluate the application of the Fenton reaction and the electrochemical process to treat wastewater generated by the coconut industry by applying the individual processes and associates. In this study was treated a synthetic wastewater composed of a mixture of coconut milk / water...

Tratamento de efluentes da indústria de tintas através da reação de Fenton associado ao processo de sedimentação; Wastewater treatment industry paints by Fenton reaction associated with the process of sedimentation

Silva, Jailson Valério da
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; Brasil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Química; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; Brasil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Química; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.78%
Due to the growing concern for the environment, several Technologies for treatment of industrial effluents are being developed in order to minimize the impacts on water resources. Amid the various studied technologies, Advanced Oxidations Processes (AOPs) have received attention considerable. Among AOPs, the Fenton reaction, as source of generation hydroxyl radicals, has been outstanding. The Fenton reaction is the catalytic process of decomposition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by ferrous ion (Fe2+) generating hydroxyl radicals, (HO•). The hydroxyl radical has a high oxidizing power, which leads to a partial or total degradation of large number of pollutants compounds. The ferrous ion, in appropriate pH, has the coagulant properties and may contribute to the removal of suspended particles in solution. The efficiency of the Fenton reaction can be enhanced when combined with the settling process. Depending of effluent, the sedimentation may be a slow step that can to reduce the application process on an industrial scale. The use of settler can accelerate the process, allowing the use of the method and also in continuous flow and also the use of iron concentrations higher, increasing the efficiency of treatment. In this study it was evaluated the efficiency of the coagulation processes...