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The role of nutritional profile in the orexigenic neuropeptide secretion in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease obese adolescents

PIANO, Aline de; TOCK, Lian; CARNIER, June; FOSCHINI, Denis; SANCHES, Priscila de Lima; CORREA, Fabiola Alvise; OYAMA, Lila Missae; NASCIMENTO, Claudia Maria Oller do; LEDERMAN, Henrique Manoel; ERNANDES, Regina; MELLO, Marco Tulio de; TUFIK, Sergio; DAMA
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Background Little progress has been made to identify the central neuroendocrine pathway involved in the energy intake control in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients. Objective To assess the influence of orexigenic neuropeptides in the nutritional aspects of NAFLD obese adolescents submitted to a long-term interdisciplinary approach. Methods Fifty adolescents aged 15-19 years, with body mass index at least 95th percentile, consisting of 25 patients without NAFLD and 25 with NAFLD. The NAFLD diagnosis was determined by ultrasonography. Blood samples were collected to analyze glycemia, hepatic transaminases, and lipid profile. Insulin resistance was estimated by Homeostasis Model Assessment Insulin Resistance Index. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and agouti related protein concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Analyses of food intake were made by 3 days recordatory inquiry. Results At baseline conditions, the patients with NAFLD had significantly higher values of body mass, body mass index, visceral fat, triglycerides, VLDL-C, and hepatic transaminases. After the long-term intervention, they presented a significant reduction in these parameters. In both the groups, it was observed a significant decrease in energy intake...

Efeitos da cirurgia de Fobi-Capella na doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA): estudo prospectivo de dois anos; Effects of bariatric surgery (Fobi-Capella) in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): prospective study of 2 years

Furuya Júnior, Carlos Kiyoshi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/09/2006 PT
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Introdução: A incidência de obesidade é crescente e alarmante, principalmente no mundo ocidental. De acordo com o National Center for Health Statistics, cerca de 61% da população adulta nos Estados Unidos está acima do peso e 30% é obesa, sendo que 5 a 6% está classificada na faixa de obesidade Grau III. No Brasil, o Ministério da Saúde aponta que 32,9% dos brasileiros estão fora da faixa de peso ideal, e 4,8% dos homens e 11,7% das mulheres encaixam-se na faixa de obesidade Grau III. Devido a alta prevalência da Doença Hepática Gordurosa Não Alcoólica (DHGNA) em pacientes portadores de obesidade grave e os escassos conhecimentos acerca de sua evolução para doença crônica do fígado após cirurgias bariátricas, foram objetivos deste estudo avaliar os efeitos da cirurgia gastrorredutora com derivação intestinal em Y de Roux Cirurgia de Fobi-Capella) sobre DHGNA após 24 meses. Métodos: Dentre 40 pacientes com IMC > 40 kg/m2 submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica (cirurgia de Fobi-Capella) no período de 2001 a 2003, 18 pacientes foram seguidos por aproximadamente 24 meses (700 ± 42 dias) e incluídos no estudo, realizando-se exames laboratoriais, tais como enzimas hepáticas, perfil lipídico e glicêmico; e a biopsia hepática no perioperatório e 24 meses após a cirurgia. O diagnóstico histológico de DHGNA e Esteatohepatite Não Alcoólica (ENA) foi determinado segundo a classificação padronizada por meio da revisão pelo Pathology Committee of the NASH Clinical Research Network Americano...

O valor da biópsia do fígado na doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica em pacientes com colelitíase submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica; The importance of liver biopsy in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with cholelithiasis submitted to laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Pinto, Monica Madeira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/04/2011 PT
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66.28%
A colelitíase é uma doença frequente na população geral. Um dos seus fatores de risco é a diabetes melitus tipo 2, relacionada à anormalidades metabólicas associadas a sobrepeso, obesidade, resistência à insulina, hipertrigliceridemia e hábitos dietéticos. Fatores de risco semelhantes são encontrados na doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA). A DHGNA engloba um espectro de condições patológicas que pode evoluir da esteatose, para esteato-hepatite (EHNA), fibrose, cirrose e neoplasia hepática. A distinção entre esteatose e EHNA é de grande relevância na prática clínica, em virtude de a primeira ser uma condição benigna e reversível, enquanto que a segunda apresenta potencial evolutivo para cirrose e carcinoma hepatocelular. Somente a biópsia hepática pode classificar e estadiar a DHGNA. A DHGNA e a colelitíase têm similaridade quanto à patogênese e aos fatores de risco, o que nos motivou a realizar este estudo. Os objetivos do trabalho foram: a) Definir a frequência da esteatose hepática e da EHNA em pacientes com colelitíase submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica. b) Avaliar as alterações histopatológicas da DHGNA nos pacientes com colelitíase. c) Avaliar a acurácia dos exames de imagem-ultrassonografia abdominal (US) e tomografia computadorizada (TC) no diagnóstico da DHGNA. d) Relacionar aspectos clínicos...

Serum uric acid levels and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in Uyghur and Han ethnic groups in northwestern China

Cai,Wen; Wu,Xuan; Zhang,Bei; Miao,Lei; Sun,Yu-ping; Zou,Yuan; Yao,Hua
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2013 EN
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66.31%
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare serum uric acid values in two ethnically distinct Chinese populations: Uyghur, with a high prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and Han, with a lower prevalence. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Serum uric acid and several clinical features and laboratory tests relevant to the metabolic syndrome were measured in 4,157 Uyghur and 6,448 Han subjects in a health examination program. The diagnosis of hepatic steatosis was established by abdominal ultrasound examination. RESULTS: The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease was 42.3% and 33.3% among Uyghur and Han subjects, respectively. The corresponding prevalence of hyperuricemia was 8.8% and 14.7%. The mean concentration of serum uric acid in Uyghurs also was lower than in Hans (282.75 vs. 310.79 µmol/L; p < 0.01). However, in both populations, the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease was increased in association with increasing serum uric acid concentrations, a trend that was more pronounced in Uyghur than in Han subjects (OR 3.279 and 3.230, respectively). Several components of the metabolic syndrome were more pronounced in Uyghurs than in Hans. CONCLUSIONS: Serum uric acid is an independent risk factor in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in both Uyghurs and Hans...

Insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) in the differentiation of patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and healthy individuals

Salgado,Ana Lúcia Farias de Azevedo; Carvalho,Luciana de; Oliveira,Ana Claudia; Santos,Virgínia Nascimento dos; Vieira,Jose Gilberto; Parise,Edison Roberto
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2010 EN
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66.34%
CONTEXT: Due to its good correlation to glycemic clamp, HOMA-IR has been widely utilized as insulin resistance index in clinical and epidemiological studies involving non-alcoholic fatty liver disease carriers. However, values used for this parameter have shown large variability. OBJECTIVE: To identify the HOMA-IR cut value that best distinguishes non-diabetic non-alcoholic fatty liver disease patients from a control group. METHODS: One hundred sixteen non-alcoholic fatty liver disease patients were studied, diagnosed by clinical, biochemical, and liver image or biopsy criteria, and 88 healthy individuals, without any liver disease and testing for oral glucose tolerance within normality. These groups did not differ in age and gender. All were submitted to oral glucose tolerance test and blood samples were collected for glucose and insulin measurements by immunofluorometric method. HOMA-IR was calculated according to the formula: fasting insulin (µU/L) x fasting glucose (nmol/L)/22.5. RESULTS: NAFLD patients showed higher insulin, glycemia, and HOMA-IR values than control group, even when excluding glucose intolerant and diabetes mellitus patients by their glycemic curves. HOMA-IR 75th percentile for control group was 1.78 and the best area under the curve index was obtained for HOMA-IR values of 2.0 [AUC= 0.840 (0.781-0.899 CI 95%)...

Metabolic syndrome and risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Souza,Mônica Rodrigues de Araújo; Diniz,Margareth de Fátima Formiga de Melo; Medeiros-Filho,José Eymard Moraes de; Araújo,Maria Salete Trigueiro de
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2012 EN
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66.29%
CONTEXT: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome, has been considered the most common liver disease nowadays, which is also the most frequent cause of elevated transaminases and cryptogenic cirrhosis. The greatest input of fatty acids into the liver and consequent increased beta-oxidation contribute to the formation of free radicals, release of inflammatory cytokines and varying degrees of hepatocytic aggression, whose histological expression may vary from steatosis (HS) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The differentiation of these forms is required by the potential risk of progression to cirrhosis and development of hepatocellular carcinoma. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature about the major risk factors for NAFLD in the context of metabolic syndrome, focusing on underlying mechanisms and prevention. METHOD: PubMed, MEDLINE and SciELO data basis analysis was performed to identify studies describing the link between risk factors for metabolic syndrome and NAFLD. A combination of descriptors was used, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, metabolic syndrome and risk factors. At the end, 96 clinical and experimental studies, cohorts, meta-analysis and systematic reviews of great impact and scientific relevance to the topic...

NONALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE IN SEVERE OBESE PATIENTS, SUBJECTED TO BARIATRIC SURGERY

LOSEKANN,Alexandre; WESTON,Antonio Carlos; CARLI,Luis Alberto de; ESPINDOLA,Marilia Bittencourt; PIONER,Sergio Ricardo; CORAL,Gabriela Perdomo
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
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66.28%
Context Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease encompasses a spectrum of histopathological changes that range from simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Works suggest that iron (Fe) deposits in the liver are involved in the physiopathology of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Objective The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of simple steatosis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in patients with morbid obesity, subjected to bariatric surgery and to establish a correlation of the anatomopathological findings with the presence of liver fibrosis. Methods A total of 250 liver biopsies were conducted in the transoperation of the surgeries. Results Steatosis was present in 226 (90.4%) of the samples, 76 (30.4%) being classified as mild; 71 (28.4%) as moderate and 79 (31.6%) as intense. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis was diagnosed in 176 (70.4%) cases, where 120 (48.4%) were mild; 50 (20%) were moderate, and 6 (2.4%) cases were intense. Fibrosis was referred to in 108 (43.2%) biopsies, 95 of which (38%) were mild; 2 (0.8%) were moderate; 7 (2.8%) were intense, and cirrhosis was diagnosed in 4 (1.6%) cases. There was a correlation between the degree of steatosis and the level of inflammatory activity (rs = 0.460; P<0.001) and between the degree of this activity and the degree of fibrosis (rs = 0.583; P<0.001). Only 13 (5.2%) samples showed Fe deposits. Conclusion There is a high prevalence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis in these patients and a positive correlation of the degrees of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis with the intensity of fibrosis. The low prevalence of Fe deposits found makes it questionable that the presence of this ion has any participation in the physiopathogeny of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

On the mechanism of protective action of cold acclimatization against carbon tetrachloride - and ethionine-induced fatty liver

Lopez de O.,Aura; Carmona de G.,C. A.; Moussatche,H.
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/1993 EN
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In this study the hepatic lipoprotein lipase (LPL), activity was evaluated in adult female mice acclimatized at 5-C and submitted to carbon tetrachloride (CCI) or ethionine, in order to determine the possible role of this enzuyme in the fatty liver. The results were compared with those obtained in mice kept at room temperature (27-C) that the same hepatoesteatosis inducing agent. In contrast to animals kept at room temperature, in cold aclimatized mice neither the enhancement of the LPL-liver activity by the action of CCI or ethionine occurred nor the development of fatty infiltration in the liver was observed. We conclude that the low temperature induced a protective effect against CCI or ethionine-induced fatty liver that was correlated with the no-increase of the hepatic LPL activity.

A randomized double-blind study of the short-time treatment of obese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease with ursodeoxycholic acid

Santos,V.N.; Lanzoni,V.P.; Szejnfeld,J.; Shigueoka,D.; Parise,E.R.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2003 EN
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66.29%
In order to determine the effect of ursodeoxycholic acid on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, 30 patients with body mass indices higher than 25, serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or gamma-glutamyltransferase (gamma-GT) at least more than 1.5 times the upper limit of normality, and hepatic steatosis demonstrated by ultrasonography were randomized into two groups of 15 patients to receive placebo or 10 mg kg-1 day-1 ursodeoxycholic acid for three months. Abdominal computed tomography was performed to quantify hepatic fat content, which was significantly correlated with histological grading of steatosis (r s = -0.83, P < 0.01). Patient body mass index remained stable for both groups throughout the study, but a significant reduction in mean (± SEM) serum levels of ALT, AST and gamma-GT was observed only in the treated group (ALT = 81.2 ± 9.7, 44.8 ± 7.7, 48.1 ± 7.7 and 52.2 ± 6.3 IU/l at the beginning and after the first, second and third months, respectively, N = 14, P < 0.05). For the placebo group ALT values were 66.4 ± 9.8, 54.5 ± 7, 60 ± 7.6 and 43.7 ± 5 IU/l, respectively. No alterations in hepatic lipid content were observed in these patients by computed tomography examination (50.2 ± 4.2 Hounsfield units (HU) at the beginning versus 51.1 ± 4.1 HU at the third month). These results show that ursodeoxycholic acid is able to reduce serum levels of hepatic enzymes in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease...

Liver mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of experimental nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Oliveira,C.P.M.S.; Coelho,A.M.M.; Barbeiro,H.V.; Lima,V.M.R.; Soriano,F.; Ribeiro,C.; Molan,N.A.T.; Alves,V.A.F.; Souza,H.P.; Machado,M.C.C.; Carrilho,F.J.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2006 EN
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66.34%
Oxidative stress and hepatic mitochondria play a role in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of hepatic mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of the disease. Fatty liver was induced in Wistar rats with a choline-deficient diet (CD; N = 7) or a high-fat diet enriched with PUFAs-omega-3 (H; N = 7) for 4 weeks. The control group (N = 7) was fed a standard diet. Liver mitochondrial oxidation and phosphorylation were measured polarographically and oxidative stress was estimated on the basis of malondialdehyde and glutathione concentrations. Moderate macrovacuolar liver steatosis was observed in the CD group and mild liver steatosis was observed in the periportal area in the H group. There was an increase in the oxygen consumption rate by liver mitochondria in respiratory state 4 (S4) and a decrease in respiratory control rate (RCR) in the CD group (S4: 32.70 ± 3.35; RCR: 2.55 ± 0.15 ng atoms of O2 min-1 mg protein-1) when compared to the H and control groups (S4: 23.09 ± 1.53, 17.04 ± 2.03, RCR: 3.15 ± 0.15, 3.68 ± 0.15 ng atoms of O2 min-1 mg protein-1, respectively), P < 0.05. Hepatic lipoperoxide concentrations were significantly increased and the concentration of reduced glutathione was significantly reduced in the CD group. A choline-deficient diet causes moderate steatosis with disruption of liver mitochondrial function and increased oxidative stress. These data suggest that lipid peroxidation products can impair the flow of electrons along the respiratory chain...

Effect of silybin on high-fat-induced fatty liver in rats

Yao,Jiayin; Zhi,Min; Minhu,Chen
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2011 EN
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66.33%
Silybin, a natural antioxidant, has been traditionally used against a variety of liver ailments. To investigate its effect and the underlying mechanisms of action on non-alcoholic fatty liver in rats, we used 60 4-6-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats to establish fatty liver models by feeding a high-fat diet for 6 weeks. Hepatic enzyme, serum lipid levels, oxidative production, mitochondrial membrane fluidity, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), gene and protein expression of adiponectin, and resistin were evaluated by biochemical, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot analysis. Compared with the model group, silybin treatment (26.25 mg·kg-1·day-1, started at the beginning of the protocol) significantly protected against high-fat-induced fatty liver by stabilizing mitochondrial membrane fluidity, reducing serum content of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) from 450 to 304 U/L, decreasing hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) from 1.24 to 0.93 nmol/mg protein, but increasing superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) levels from 8.03 to 9.31 U/mg protein and from 3.65 to 4.52 nmol/mg protein, respectively. Moreover, silybin enhanced the gene and protein expression of adiponectin from 215.95 to 552.40...

Physical activity as a protective factor for development of non-alcoholic fatty liver in men

Pinto,Carla Giuliano de Sá; Marega,Marcio; Carvalho,José Antonio Maluf de; Carmona,Felipe Gambetta; Lopes,Carlos Eduardo Felix; Ceschini,Fabio Luis; Bocalini,Danilo Sales; Figueira Junior,Aylton José
Fonte: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein Publicador: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
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66.41%
Objective To determine the impact of physical activity on the prevalence of fatty liver, metabolic and cardiovascular disease in adult men. Methods This study evaluated 1,399 men (40.7±8.18 years) with body mass index of 26.7kg/m2 (±3.4) who participated in the Protocol of Preventive Health Check-up at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein from January to October 2011. We conducted tests of serum blood glucose, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides, reactive c-protein, aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. The statistical analysis comprised in the comparison of mean and standard deviation. The analysis of variance was based in two paths of two way ANOVA, Student’s t-test, Mann Whitney U test, Wald test and χ2. We considered a significance level at p<0.05 and correlation of univariate Poison with 95% confidence interval. Results Fatty liver was diagnosed in 37.0% of the sample. Triglyceride levels of active men with fatty liver were 148.2±77.6mg/dL while inactive men with fatty liver had 173.4±15.6mg/dL. The remaining serum levels were normal. Inactive individuals showed higher values than active. In addition, inactive individuals have 10.68 times higher risk of developing fatty liver compared with active. Conclusion Physical activity improves metabolic parameters such as triglycerides...

Dietary patterns in Brazilian patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a cross-sectional study

Ferolla,Silvia Marinho; Ferrari,Teresa Cristina Abreu; Lima,Maria Luíza Pereira; Reis,Tâmara Oliveira; Tavares-Jr.,Wilson Campos; Couto,Osvaldo Flávio Melo; Vidigal,Paula Vieira Texeira; Fausto,Maria Arlene; Couto,Cláudia Alves
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
OBJECTIVE: Recent evidence suggests that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with diet. Our aim was to investigate the dietary patterns of a Brazilian population with this condition and compare them with the recommended diet. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 96 non-alcoholic fatty liver disease patients before any dietetic counseling. All patients underwent abdominal ultrasound, biochemical tests, dietary evaluations, and anthropometric evaluations. Their food intake was assessed by a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire and 24-hour food recall. RESULTS: The median patient age was 53 years, and 77% of the individuals were women. Most (67.7%) participants were obese, and a large waist circumference was observed in 80.2% subjects. Almost 70% of the participants had metabolic syndrome, and 62.3% presented evidence of either insulin resistance or overt diabetes. Most patients (51.5, 58.5, and 61.7%, respectively) exceeded the recommendations for energy intake, as well as total and saturated fat. All patients consumed less than the amount of recommended monounsaturated fatty acids, and 52.1 and 76.6% of them consumed less polyunsaturated fatty acids and fiber, respectively, than recommended. In most patients...

The association of vitamin D deficiency with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Küçükazman,Metin; Ata,Naim; Dal,Kür?at; Yeniova,Abdullah Özgür; Kefeli,Ay?e; Basyigit,Sebahat; Aktas,Bora; Akin,Kadir Okhan; A?ladio?lu,Kadir; Üre,Öznur Sari; Topal,Firdes; Nazligül,Ya?ar; Beyan,Esin; Ertugrul,Derun Taner
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.42%
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency has been related to diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and peripheral vascular disease. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of vitamin D status in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS: We included 211 consecutive subjects to examine the presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Of these subjects, 57 did not have non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and 154 had non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. RESULTS: The non-alcoholic fatty liver disease group had significantly higher fasting blood glucose (p = 0.005), uric acid (p = 0.001), aspartate aminotransferase (p<0.001), alanine aminotransferase (p<0.001), γ-glutamyltransferase (p<0.0001), alkaline phosphatase (p = 0.028), HbA1c (p<0.001), ferritin (p<0.001), insulin (p = 0.016), C-peptide (p = 0.001), HOMA-IR (p = 0.003), total cholesterol (p = 0.001), triglyceride (p = 0.001) and white blood cell (p = 0.04) levels. In contrast, the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease group had significantly lower 25(OH)D levels (12.3±8.9 ng/dl, p<0.001) compared with those of the control group (20±13.6 ng/dl). CONCLUSIONS: In this study...

ACOUSTIC RADIATION FORCE IMPULSE IS EQUIVALENT TO LIVER BIOPSY TO EVALUATE LIVER FIBROSIS IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEPATITIS C AND NONALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE

GUERRA,Juliana Ayres de Alencar Arrais; TRIPPIA,Marcus; PISSAIA JUNIOR,Alcindo; TEIXEIRA,Bernardo Corrêa de Almeida; IVANTES,Cláudia Alexandra Pontes
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2015 EN
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66.35%
BackgroundLiver biopsy is recommended as the gold standard method for assessing the stage of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic liver disease. However, it is invasive, with potential risks and complications. Elastography is an ultrasound technique that provides information of changes in the liver tissue, evaluating tissue elasticity and acoustic radiation force impulse is one of the available techniques.ObjectiveThe main objective of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of acoustic radiation force impulse comparing to liver biopsy to evaluate fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.MethodsTwenty four patients were included, everyone underwent liver biopsy and acoustic radiation force impulse, and the results were compared with values described in the literature by several authors.ResultsIn the population of patients with chronic hepatitis C, our data were better correlated with data published by Carmen Fierbinteanu-Braticevici et al., with an accuracy of 82.4%, sensitivity of 71.4% and specificity of 90%. For nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, our data were better correlated with data published by Masato Yoneda et al., with an accuracy of 85.7%, sensitivity 80% and specificity of 100%.ConclusionAcoustic radiation force impulse is a method with good accuracy to distinguish initial fibrosis from advanced fibrosis in hepatitis C virus and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and can replace biopsy in most cases.

Severidade da esteatose hepática não alcoólica induzida por super expressão da apolipoproteína CIII é associada à inflamação e morte celular; Severity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease induced by apolipoprotein CIII overexpression is associated with inflammation and cell death

Adriene Alexandra Paiva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/01/2015 PT
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66.29%
A doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease - NAFLD) é a principal manifestação hepática na obesidade e síndrome metabólica. A história natural da doença envolve a esteatose, estresse oxidativo, inflamação, fibrose e morte celular. Níveis plasmáticos elevados de lipoproteínas ricas em triglicérides são fatores de risco independentes para doenças cardiovasculares. Estudos clínicos e experimentais mostram forte correlação entre triglicérides plasmáticos (TG) e os níveis de apolipoproteína CIII. A apolipoproteína CIII também é aumentada no plasma de pacientes diabéticos. Ao comparar camundongos apoCIII transgênicos com controles não transgênicos irmãos (NTg), mostramos aqui que a super-expressão de apoCIII, independentemente da dieta rica em gordura (High fat diet - HFD), resulta em características NAFLD, ou seja, aumento do conteúdo de lípidos no fígado, diminuição poder antioxidante, aumento da expressão de TNF'alfa', receptor de TNF'alfa', caspase-1 clivada e interleucina-1'beta', diminuição do receptor de adiponectina-2 e aumento da morte celular. Além disso, os indicadores de inflamação sistêmica de TNF'alfa' e a proteína C-reactiva estão também elevados em camundongos apoCIII. Esse quadro é agravado e características adicionais da NAFLD são diferencialmente induzidas por HFD em camundongos apoCIII. A HFD induziu intolerância à glicose...

Systems Biology Elucidates Common Pathogenic Mechanisms between Nonalcoholic and Alcoholic-Fatty Liver Disease

Sookoian, Silvia Cristina; Pirola, Carlos Jose
Fonte: Public Library Science Publicador: Public Library Science
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
ENG
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The abnormal accumulation of fat in the liver is often related either to metabolic risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome in the absence of alcohol consumption (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, NAFLD) or to chronic alcohol consumption (alcoholic fatty liver disease, AFLD). Clinical and histological studies suggest that NAFLD and AFLD share pathogenic mechanisms. Nevertheless, current data are still inconclusive as to whether the underlying biological process and disease pathways of NAFLD and AFLD are alike. Our primary aim was to integrate omics and physiological data to answer the question of whether NAFLD and AFLD share molecular processes that lead to disease development. We also explored the extent to which insulin resistance (IR) is a distinctive feature of NAFLD. To answer these questions, we used systems biology approaches, such as gene enrichment analysis, protein?protein interaction networks, and gene prioritization, based on multi-level data extracted by computational data mining. We observed that the leading disease pathways associated with NAFLD did not significantly differ from those of AFLD. However, systems biology revealed the importance of each molecular process behind each of the two diseases, and dissected distinctive molecular NAFLD and AFLD-signatures. Comparative co-analysis of NAFLD and AFLD clarified the participation of NAFLD...

Dietary patterns in Brazilian patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a cross-sectional study

Ferolla, Silvia Marinho; Ferrari, Teresa Cristina Abreu; Lima, Maria Luíza Pereira; Reis, Tâmara Oliveira; Tavares-Jr., Wilson Campos; Couto, Osvaldo Flávio Melo; Vidigal, Paula Vieira Texeira; Fausto, Maria Arlene; Couto, Cláudia Alves
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2013 ENG
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66.35%
OBJECTIVE: Recent evidence suggests that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with diet. Our aim was to investigate the dietary patterns of a Brazilian population with this condition and compare them with the recommended diet. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 96 non-alcoholic fatty liver disease patients before any dietetic counseling. All patients underwent abdominal ultrasound, biochemical tests, dietary evaluations, and anthropometric evaluations. Their food intake was assessed by a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire and 24-hour food recall. RESULTS: The median patient age was 53 years, and 77% of the individuals were women. Most (67.7%) participants were obese, and a large waist circumference was observed in 80.2% subjects. Almost 70% of the participants had metabolic syndrome, and 62.3% presented evidence of either insulin resistance or overt diabetes. Most patients (51.5, 58.5, and 61.7%, respectively) exceeded the recommendations for energy intake, as well as total and saturated fat. All patients consumed less than the amount of recommended monounsaturated fatty acids, and 52.1 and 76.6% of them consumed less polyunsaturated fatty acids and fiber, respectively, than recommended. In most patients...

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: From insulin resistance to mitochondrial dysfunction

Solís Herruzo,J. A.; García Ruiz,I.; Pérez Carreras,M.; Muñoz Yagüe,M. T.
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2006 ENG
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Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease represents a set of liver lesions similar to those induced by alcohol that develop in individuals with no alcohol abuse. When lesions consist of fatty and hydropic degeneration, inflammation, and eventually fibrosis, the condition is designated non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The pathogenesis of these lesions is not clearly understood, but they are associated with insulin resistance in most cases. As a result, abdominal fat tissue lipolysis and excessive fatty acid uptake by the liver occur. This, together with a disturbance of triglyceride export as VLDL, results in fatty liver development. Both the inflammatory and hepatocellular degenerative components of NASH are attributed to oxidative stress. Mitochondrial respiratory chain loss of activity plays a critical role in the genesis of latter stress. This may be initiated by an increase in the hepatic TNFa, iNOS induction, peroxynitrite formation, tyrosine nitration and inactivation of enzymes making up this chain. Consequences of oxidative stress include: lipid peroxidation in cell membranes, stellate cell activation in the liver, liver fibrosis, chronic inflammation, and apoptosis.

Molecular mechanisms of steatosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Pettinelli,P.; Obregón,A. M.; Videla,L. A.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2011 ENG
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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most important cause of chronic liver disease and is considered the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome associated with diabetes mellitus type 2. The prevalence of NAFLD in the general population reaches 15-20%. It is also estimated that nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) affects 3% of the population. NAFLD refers to a wide spectrum of liver damage, which ranges from simple steatosis or intracellular triglyceride accumulation, to inflammation (NASH), fibrosis and cirrhosis. The mechanisms involved in the accumulation of triglycerides in the liver and subsequent hepatocellular damage are multifactorial and are not completely understood. However, metabolic changes such as insulin resistance (IR) are developed, being a common factor in the retention of fatty acids (FA) within the hepatocytes with oxidation and production of free radicals at the mitochondrial level, which are capable of causing lipid peroxidation, cytokine production, and necrosis. In addition, there are alterations in the hepatic bioavailability of long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, conditions that alter the expression of a series of transcriptional factors involved in lipolytic and lipogenic processes in the liver. A greater knowledge of the etiopathogenic mechanisms of NAFLD is fundamental for the development of future effective therapeutic strategies. The pathophysiological fundamentals of liver steatosis are analyzed in this study.