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In vivo estimation of goat carcass composition and body fat partition by real-time ultrasonography

Teixeira, A.; Joy, M.; Delfa, R.
Fonte: American Society of Animal Science Publicador: American Society of Animal Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
The accuracy of ultrasound measurements to assess goat carcass composition and the partition of body fat depots was evaluated. An ultrasound machine with a 5-MHz probe and image analysis was used to assess in vivo fat thickness and muscle depth in 56 Spanish Celtiberica adult goats, in lumbar and breast body regions. The goats were slaughtered and the weight of body fat depots recorded. Measurements corresponding to the in vivo ultrasound fat thickness and muscle depth were taken on carcasses. The left sides of carcasses were completely dissected into their components. The best relationships (r = 0.94, P < 0.01) between in vivo and carcass measurements of fat thickness were obtained when measurements were taken at the sternum, and the best anatomical point was located between the third and fourth sternebrae. The best correlation coefficients (r = 0.84) for muscle depth were found for measurements taken between the third and the fourth lumbar vertebrae at 2 cm from the middle of the vertebral column. Body weight and ultrasound measurements were used to fit the best multiple regression equations to predict carcass composition and the partition of body fat depots. All equations, with the exception of those for muscle quantity, omental...

Assessment of goat fat depots using ultrasound technology and multiple multivariate prediction models

Peres, António M.; Dias, L.G.; Joy, M.; Teixeira, A.
Fonte: American Society of Animal Science Publicador: American Society of Animal Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
Assessment of fat depots for several goat body parts is an expensive and time-consuming task requiring a trained technician. Therefore, the establishment of models to predict fat depots based on data requiring simpler and easier procedures, such as ultrasound measurements, that could be carried out in vivo, would be a major advantage. An interesting alternative to the use of multiple linear regression models is the use of partial least squares or artificial neural network models because they allow the establishment of one model to simultaneously predict different fat depots of interest. In this work, the applicability of these models to simultaneously predict 7 goat fat depots (subcutaneous fat, intermuscular fat, total carcass fat, omental fat, kidney and pelvic fat, mesenteric fat, and total body fat) was investigated. Although satisfactory correlation and prediction results were obtained using the multiple partial least squares model (cross-verification and validation R2 and standard prediction error values between 0.66 and 0.98 and 247 and 2,168, respectively), the best global correlation and prediction performances were achieved with the multiple radial basis function artificial neural network (verification and validation R2 and standard prediction error values between 0.82 and 0.96 and 304 and 1...

Upper trunk fat assessment and its relationship with metabolic and biochemical variables and body fat in polycystic ovary syndrome

PENAFORTE, F. R. O.; JAPUR, C. C.; DIEZ-GARCIA, R. W.; CHIARELLO, P. G.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
Background: Fat accumulation in the upper region of the body is common in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and is associated with metabolic complications. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between trunk circumference, metabolic indicators, and abdominal and visceral fat in obese PCOS women. Methods: The weight, fat mass, and subcutaneous arm fat (SAF) of 30 obese PCOS women and 15 healthy controls matched for age and body mass index were evaluated by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Trunk (TrC), neck (NC) and hip circumferences were measured, and the trunk/hip (Tr/H) ratio was determined. Total abdominal fat (TAF), visceral fat (VF) and trunk fat (TrF) were determined by computed tomography. Biochemical evaluation included glycaemia, insulinaemia, testosterone and lipid profile, insulin resistance (IR) was assessed by the QUICKI index. Results: In the PCOS group, there were positive correlations between NC and TAF (r = 0.49, P < 0.0006), TrC and VF (r = 0.62, P = 0.01), and NC and VF (r = 0.70, P < 0.0002). There was good correlation between TrC and TrF (r = 0.69, P = 0.003). TrF correlated with triglycerides levels positively (r = 0.44, P = 0.02). Women with PCOS and IR had a larger quantity of VF and TrF, but a smaller amount of SAF. Within the PCOS group...

Caracterização, fracionamento e aproveitamento da gordura abdominal de frango.; Characterization, fractionation and utilization of the abdominal chicken fat.

Chiu, Chih Ming
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/11/2001 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
A gordura abdominal de frango é um subproduto ou resíduo avícola que apresenta grande potencial de utilização na indústria de alimentos, uma vez que possui rica composição lipídica, elevado teor energético, baixo custo e propriedades físico-químicas desejáveis. Nesta pesquisa, a gordura abdominal de frango, obtida no comércio local, foi submetida à fusão e à filtração. A seguir, sofreu fracionamento a seco e mistura com gordura de toucinho. O processo de fracionamento foi realizado a duas temperaturas: 17,5ºC e 20ºC. As análises realizadas na gordura original e nas frações obtidas (oleína e estearina) foram ponto de fusão, consistência, conteúdo de gordura sólida, composição em ácidos graxos e índices de iodo e de saponificação. De acordo com os resultados observou-se que a gordura de frango apresentou 67,2% de ácidos graxos insaturados. A gordura de frango à temperatura de 10ºC apresentou-se plástica e espalhável. Foi obtida relação linear entre a consistência e o conteúdo de gordura sólida. O alto rendimento das oleínas (>84%) sugere a possibilidade de aplicação destas frações como óleo para frituras. As estearinas podem ser utilizadas como componentes na fabricação de gorduras...

Desempenho produtivo e reprodutivo e parâmetros sanguíneos de vacas leiteiras alimentadas com diferentes fontes de gordura no período de transição e inicio de lactação; Productive and reproductive performance and blood parameters of dairy cows feeding with different fat sources in transition period and early lactation

Maturana Filho, Milton
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/09/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.64%
O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a utilização de diferentes fontes de gordura nas rações de vacas leiteiras durante o período de transição e inicio de lactação, avaliando seus efeitos sobre o consumo e balanço de energia, produção e composição do leite, dinâmica folicular e desempenho reprodutivo, e os parâmetros sanguíneos. Foram utilizadas 30 vacas da raça Holandesa, suplementadas a partir do 35º dia antes do parto previsto até o 85º dia pós-parto com a mesma ração experimental durante todo o experimento. Os animais foram mantidos em baias individuais em galpão do tipo free-stall e distribuídas em três grupos experimentais, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, alimentadas com as seguintes rações: 1) Controle; 2) Óleo de soja refinado; 3) Sais de cálcio de ácidos graxos insaturados (Megalac-E). O consumo de matéria seca foi mensurado diariamente durante todo o período experimental. Após o parto a produção de leite foi registrada diariamente e as amostras utilizadas para análise da composição do leite foram coletadas semanalmente, sendo provenientes de duas ordenhas diárias. As amostras de sangue foram coletadas em tubos vacuolizados por punção da veia e/ou artéria coccígea. Para a obtenção dos dados de dinâmica folicular...

Ações do óleo de peixe e triglicerídeos de cadeia média na esteatose hepática e estresse oxidativo induzidos pela dieta hiperlipídica em ratos; THE EFFECTS OF FISH OIL AND MEDIUM CHAIN TRIGLYCERIDES IN HEPATIC STEATOSIS AND OXIDATIVE STRESS INDUCED BY HIGH FAT DIET IN RATS

Almeida, Bianca Bellizzi de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/10/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
Introdução: A doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica é caracterizada pelo acúmulo hepático de lipídeos, principalmente na forma de triglicerídeos. Devido à atividade inflamatória progressiva pode evoluir para uma forma mais grave, a esteatohepatite não alcoólica. Os ácidos graxos poli-insaturados ômega-3 são associados a efeitos metabólicos positivos para redução da esteatose hepática, no entanto, são mais susceptíveis a peroxidação lipídica. Os triglicerídeos de cadeia média (TCMs) promovem a prevenção do bloqueio da beta-oxidação de ácidos graxos e redução da peroxidação lipídica, no entanto os efeitos na redução da esteatose ainda são controversos. Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar as implicações da dieta hiperlipídica (HL+) com óleo de peixe ou com óleo de TCM no desenvolvimento da esteatose hepática, no perfil de ácidos graxos hepáticos e no estresse oxidativo em ratos. Metodologia: Cinquenta ratos machos da linhagem wistar foram divididos em 5 grupos. Os animais receberam água e comida a vontade durante 45 dias. A adaptação a dieta HL+ foi realizada nos primeiros 15 dias. A composição da dieta do grupo que recebeu somente a gordura animal (HL+GA) era de 50% de gordura animal...

Comportamento estrutural de formulações de gelado comestível com variações da base gordurosa; Structural behavior of ice creams formulations varying the fat base

Su, Fernando
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/11/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.64%
A gordura é responsável por diversas características do sorvete e a formação de sua estrutura depende dos processos de produção. A substituição da base gordurosa deve ser feita com conhecimento das transformações que esta sofre durante o processamento. A adição de ingredientes funcionais pode agregar benefícios ao alimento. O fruto tropical longan é muito conhecido por países asiáticos, sendo sua polpa doce e suculenta possuindo muitos minerais, vitaminas e substâncias benéficas à saúde. Este projeto sugere o desenvolvimento de formulações de sorvete alterando a base gordurosa e adicionando o fruto do longan como ingrediente funcional. A reologia oscilatória foi escolhida como principal instrumento para estudar as mudanças que ocorrem na estrutura das misturas dos sorvetes devido à variação do tipo de gordura utilizado, e avaliar a gordura low trans, de palma e gordura de cupuaçu como substitutos da gordura hidrogenada. A formulação com gordura de palma apresentou as maiores diferenças entre as gorduras utilizadas ao processo de maturação e a estrutura mais fraca segundo as análises reológicas. Também obteve uma textura mais firme e menor overrun que a gordura hidrogenada e de cupuaçu, provavelmente pelo seu perfil de cristalização e por sofrer menor desestabilização dos glóbulos de gordura por parte do emulsificante. A formulação com gordura de cupuaçu apresentou uma resposta semelhante ao processo de maturação da formulação com gordura hidrogenada...

Ultrasonographic measurements of kidney fat thickness and Longissimus muscle area in predicting body composition of pregnant goats

Haerter, Carla J.; Silva, Heryma G. O.; Lima, Lisiane D.; Castagnino, Douglas S.; Rivera, Astrid R.; Boaventura Neto, Oscar; Gomes, Rafael A.; Canola, Julio C.; Resende, Kleber T.; Teixeira, Izabelle A. M. A.
Fonte: Csiro Publishing Publicador: Csiro Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1481-1485
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.65%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 13/04758-5; Processo FAPESP: 07/58239-8; Non-invasive methods for estimating body composition to monitor nutritional status in goats have been less studied. Therefore, this study estimated the body composition and fat depots of pregnant goats by using indirect measurements, such as bodyweight (BW) and ultrasound measurements of the Longissimus muscle area (LMA) and kidney fat thickness (KFT). Forty-three pregnant goats were slaughtered at 50, 80, 110 and 140 days of gestation to determine the gross energy and fat content in the body, as well as to obtain the mass of renal fat, omental fat and non-carcass fat. After the slaughter, the mass of fat depots was recorded and the whole body of the each animal was ground to take samples for determining gross energy (using a bomb calorimeter) and fat (Soxhlet extraction with ether). Animals were weighed, and ultrasonographic measurements were taken at the time of slaughter. The LMA and KFT measurements were taken between the 12th and 13th rib and after the 13th rib space, respectively, and these measurements were used to estimate total gross energy, body fat content and the renal fat, omental fat and non-carcass fat mass. Multiple regressions were performed using Proc mixed of SAS. No significant correlation was observed between gross energy and body fat composition...

Exercicio de natação previne alterações cardiovasculares, bioquimicas e histologicas induzidas por dieta hiperlipidica em ratos Wistar; Swimming exercise prevents cardiovascular, biochemists and histological alterations induced by high-fat diet in Wistar rats

Marcelo Jose Machado Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/02/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
Dieta hiperlipídica pode desenvolver dislipidemia e alterar parâmetros cardiovasculares em humanos e em animais experimentais, exercendo papel determinante na progressão de doenças que apresentam aspectos semelhantes àqueles observados na Síndrome Metabólica. Por outro lado, o exercício físico pode ser eficaz tanto na prevenção quanto no tratamento de indivíduos portadores dessa síndrome. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do exercício de natação sobre as alterações induzidas pela dieta hiperlipídica na excitação e condução elétrica cardíaca, na pressão arterial, glicemia, lipídeos plasmáticos e histologia cardíaca em ratos wistar. Ratos Wistar machos foram distribuídos em quatro grupos (n=8): sedentário (SD), exercitado (EX), hiperlipídico sedentário (HSD) e hiperlipídico exercitado (HEX). O exercício foi constituído por duas sessões diárias de natação de 90 minutos cada, durante quatro semanas. A dieta hiperlipídica apresentou 35,25 % de lipídios, 26,8 % de carboidratos e 27,9 % de proteínas. A fração lipídica utilizada foi a banha de porco. Os animais foram pesados no início e no final do período experimental de 28 dias para determinação do ganho de peso corpóreo e dos pesos relativos do coração e gordura epididimal direita e esquerda. O eletrocardiograma (ECG) foi realizado com os ratos na posição supina e eletrodos inseridos na camada subcutânea das patas...

Aplicação da fração estearina como modulador de cristalização no fracionamento térmico de gordura de leite anidra e na fabricação de chocolate; Application of the stearin fraction as a modulator for of crystallization in thermal fractionation of anhydrous milk fat and chocolate manufacturing

Élida Castilho Bonomi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/05/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
Gordura de leite anidra é o sistema lipídico de composição mais complexa encontrada na natureza. Seu uso em escala industrial é restrito devido à sua inadequada plasticidade, baixa resistência térmica e pouca consistência. Ensaios de fracionamento térmico da gordura de leite foram realizados com base em um delineamento experimental fatorial 22 com três pontos centrais e axiais. As temperaturas de cristalização (21 a 27 ºC) e as taxas de resfriamento (5 a 20 ºC/h) foram às variáveis independentes. As variáveis-resposta foram à composição em ácidos graxos saturados, o teor de sólidos a 25 ºC, e a variação do teor de sólidos entre 25 ºC e 35 ºC das frações obtidas. Os resultados indicaram que a temperatura de cristalização exerceu maior influência sobre as respostas avaliadas. Os fracionamentos conduzidos em temperaturas mais altas foram mais efetivos, pois produziram estearina de maior conteúdo de gordura sólida, embora apresentassem baixo rendimento, em torno de 32%. A estearina com maior conteúdo de triacilgliceróis (TAGs) de alta massa molar foi utilizada na confecção de chocolate ao leite, em substituição total à gordura de leite anidra (3%). A utilização da fração estearina na formulação do chocolate retardou a formação do fat bloom e não influenciou no snap. Complementarmente...

Predictors and methological issues in tracking total body fat mass, trunk fat, mass and abdominal fat mass : changes in a weight loss intervention with overweight and obese women.

Branco, Teresa Cristina Lourenço
Fonte: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
Doutoramento em Motricidade Humana, especialidade de Saúde e Condição Física; One of the purposes of this dissertation was to analyze the usefulness of simple anthropometric measurements in predicting total body fat mass, as well as trunk and abdominal fat regions of interest, assessed by DXA, along with their changes in a weight loss program. Another purpose was to examine the influence of different physical activity dimensions on body weight, total body fat mass, abdominal and trunk fat regions of interest, selected by conventional whole body DXA in premenopausal overweight and obese women. Three studies were conducted within the PESO Program (Promotion of Exercise and Health in Obesity), a behavioural intervention addressed to premenopausal overweight and obese women. Key results show that: a) changes in lifestyle habits during a weight loss intervention may provide a stimulus to reduce trunk fat mass, with special focus on abdominal fat mass; b) abdominal circumference is a better predictor of body fat mass loss than waist circumference; c) baseline values of body weight, BMI, sagital diameter and hip circumference, are able to predict total body fat mass changes, but are unable to predict alterations in more specific depots of body fat estimated by DXA; d) alterations in DXA abdominal fat mass estimations were reasonably detected by all the anthropometric variables...

Enxertos de gordura associados a plasma rico em plaquetas em ratas - estudo experimental; Fat grafts combined with platelet rich plasma in rats - experimental study

Blumenschein, Alexandre Roriz
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
Autologous fat grafts used for filling soft tissue defects have been used for more than a century. Fat is considered an ideal filler because of its low cost, ease of harvest, abundance in the human body and low immunogenic and allergic reaction due to its autologous nature, being largely used in aesthetic and reconstructive plastic surgery. Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is a plasma fraction, with platelet count above baseline, generally obtained via centrifugation of blood. PRP theoretically promotes tissue regeneration due to fact that it concentrates a greater amount of growth factors essential in the process of tissue regeneration and neovascularization. This paper aims to examine if the association of fat grafts and PRP improves graft viability in female rats, through an experimental, randomized and blinded study, which involved 47 animals. These animals underwent fat graft harvest from their inguinal fat deposits and fat grafting subcutaneously to their cranial region. In 22 animals the fat graft was mixed with PRP and in 25 the fat was grafted by itself. After a 100 day period, the animals were sacrificed and the fat grafts were analyzed using scores from 0 (absent) to 4 (abundant), in optical microscopy by two independent and blinded pathologists...

Genomic approach to understanding variation in bovine fat colour.

Tian, Rugang
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.65%
Subcutaneous fat is important not only in the live animal but also in the carcass, as it prevents the rapid chilling of the underlying muscle tissues, thereby reducing weight loss during chilling. However, beef with yellow fat is considered undesirable by consumers in most European and Asian markets. Beta-carotene is the major carotenoid deposited in adipose tissue, which results in the yellowness. Genes involved in the metabolism of β-carotene in the cattle are likely to regulate beef fat colour. Therefore, DNA variants in candidate genes related to β-carotene metabolism were examined for association with beef fat colour. Based on their location in fat colour quantitative trait loci (QTL) and function in the metabolism of β-carotene, ALDH8A1, APOM, BCMO1, BCO2, RARA, RDHE2, PPARGC1A and SCARB1 were chosen as candidate genes. One hundred eleven (111) DNA variants were identified from the direct sequencing of 3 F1 sires for these eight genes, of which, 27 DNA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected for association studies (3-5 SNPs per gene). Most of these genotyped SNPs and their interactions were associated with fat colour related traits (biopsy fat colour (Fc-bio), carcass fat colour (Fc-car), beta-carotene concentration (Bc-bio))...

Genetic independence of fat depots in cattle.

Egarr, Andrew R.
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.69%
The amount and distribution of adipose tissue is important to cattle production. Fat influences the animal’s reproductive efficiency and determines its carcass value. As a cow’s reproductive efficiency is associated with a level of overall fatness, not just a particular fat depot, being able to re-partition fat to a more valuable depot while reducing fat in less valuable depots would be advantageous. Most previous research involving fat deposition in cattle focussed on subcutaneous and intramuscular fat, and usually evaluated these in relation to total fat or carcass weight rather than the relationship between individual fat depots. The hypothesis that there is a genetic basis for variation in fat distribution in cattle and a weak relationship between fat depots independent of anatomical site was tested. The principal aim of this research was to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms controlling fat deposition in cattle, including any relationship between fat depots. Marbling features (e.g. shape and orientation) and seam (intermuscular) fat area were quantified using image analysis. The seam fat area and other carcass fat measurements were used to examine the relationship between fat depots. Candidate genes for fat deposition traits were identified and sequenced in Jersey – Limousin mapping sires to find single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). In all...

Protein intake induced an increase in exercise stimulated fat oxidation during stable body weight

Soenen, S.; Plasqui, G.; Smeets, A.; Westerterp-Plantenga, M.
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.62%
BACKGROUND: Protein-rich weight-loss diets spare fat-free mass at the cost of fat mass. The objective was to examine if there is a change in stimulated fat oxidation related to protein intake during stable body weight. METHODS: Subjects' (BMI 22±2kg/m(2), age 25±8 years) maximal fat oxidation (Fat(max)) was assessed during a graded bicycle test, before and after a 3-month dietary-intervention of 2MJ/day supplements exchanged with 2MJ/d of habitual energy intake. The parallel design consisted of protein-rich supplements in the protein group and an isocaloric combination of carbohydrate and fat supplements in the control group. Daily protein intake was determined according to 24-h urine nitrogen. Body composition was measured according to a 4-compartment model by a combination of underwater-weighing technique, deuterium-dilution technique and whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). RESULTS: Subjects were weight stable and did not change their physical activity. The protein group (n=12) increased protein intake (11±14g, P<0.05) and had significantly higher daily protein intake vs. control (n=4) (80±21 vs.59±11g, P<0.05). Fat(max) increased significantly in the protein group (0.08±0.08g/min, P<0.01). Fat-free mass increased independent of change in body weight (P<0.01)...

Estrogen withdrawal and liver fat accumulation : contribution of hepatic VLDL-TG production and effect of exercise training

Barsalani, Razieh
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
L’accumulation de triglycérides (TG) dans les hépatocytes est caractéristique de la stéatose hépatique non-alcoolique (SHNA). Cette dernière se produit dans diverses conditions dont le facteur commun est le métabolisme anormal des lipides. Le processus conduisant à l'accumulation des lipides dans le foie n’a pas encore été totalement élucidé. Toutefois, des lipides s'accumulent dans le foie lorsque les mécanismes qui favorisent leur exportation (oxydation et sécrétion) sont insuffisants par rapport aux mécanismes qui favorisent leur importation ou leur biosynthèse. De nos jours il est admis que la carence en œstrogènes est associée au développement de la stéatose hépatique. Bien que les résultats des études récentes révèlent l'implication des hormones ovariennes dans l'accumulation de lipides dans le foie, les mécanismes qui sous-tendent ce phénomène doivent encore être étudiés. En conséquence, les trois études présentées dans cette thèse ont été menées sur des rates ovariectomizées (Ovx), comme modèle animal de femmes post-ménopausées, pour étudier les effets du retrait des œstrogènes sur le métabolisme des lipides dans le foie, en considérant l'entraînement physique comme étant un élément positif pouvant contrecarrer ces effets. Il a été démontré que l'entraînement physique peut réduire l'accumulation de graisses dans le foie chez les rates Ovx. Dans la première étude...

Use of three joints as predictors of carcass and body fat depots in Blanca Celtibérica goats

Teixeira, A.; Delfa, R.; González, C.; Gosalvez, L.F.; Tor, M.
Fonte: CIHEAM Publicador: CIHEAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.62%
Nineteen adult goats of the Blanca Celtibérica breed - in non productive stage - from the experimental flock of Servicio de Investigación Agraria (Diputación General de Aragón) were scored using the lumbar, breast and tail palpation. Sternal triangle joint, lumbar square jointt a ailn tdha t were handled to assess body condition scores were dissected into muscle, bone subcutaneous fat and intermuscular fat. Regression analyses were developed for predicting carcass and body fat depots, using sternal triangle, lumbar square joint and tail compositions like independent variables. The best predictor of omental fat, subcutaneous fat, intermuscular fat, kidney fat, total body and total carcass fat depots was the totaol ff alut mbar square joint. On the other hand8 9, 80 and 86% (PS0,Ol) of the variationo f mesenteric, heart and udder fat depots, respectively, were accounted for by variation in intermuscular fat of sternal triangle joint. Finally, the subcutaneous fat weight of 1 tail vertebra accounted for 96% of the total variation of tail fat weight. In conclusion, the best predictor of the most important carcass and body fat depots (omental, subcutaneous, intermuscular, kidney, total body and total carcass fat) was the total fat of lumbar square. Utilisation de trois points de prélèvement comme prédicteurs des dépôts adipeux de la carcasse et du corps chez des chèvres de race Blanca Celtibérica". Un lot de 19 chèvres adultes de race Blanca Celtibérica...

Effect of sex and fat depot location on fat composition of Rasa Aragonesa lambs

Horcada-Ibáñez,Alberto; Beriain-Apesteguía,María J.; Lizaso-Tirapu,Guadalupe; Insausti-Barrenetxea,Kizkitza; Purroy-Unanua,Antonio
Fonte: Colegio de Postgraduados Publicador: Colegio de Postgraduados
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.63%
The quality of lamb fat is important in sheep carcass markets because it affects the degree of acceptance by consumers. In Spain, consumption of beef and lamb is important and young lambs are highly valued. In addition, the precocity of the female determines slaughter at younger ages than males, to avoid excessive fat. Therefore, the effect of sex and fat depot location (omental, mesenteric, kidney knob, subcutaneous, intermuscular and intramuscular) on the fatty acid composition in 30 Rasa Aragonesa lambs (15 males and 15 females) of 24 kg live weight and three months of age, were studied. Oleic, palmitic and stearic fatty acids were the main fatty acids making up the fat in all the fat depots from lambs. There were no significant differences (p>0.05) in the fat composition between male and female lambs, even though females had significantly more fat than males in all the fat depots considered (p<0.05). Criteria associated with sex did not affect the composition of fat. Ratio of fatty acids n-6/n-3 values were in the range of recommended average values (< 4), except for intramuscular fat, where values marginally higher were observed (5.5). The internal (omental, mesenteric and kidney knob) fat depots contained more saturated fatty acids than the edibles depots (subcutaneous...

The influence of fat score and fat trimming on primal cut composition of South African lamb

Strydom,P.E.; van Heerden,S.M.; Schönfeldt,H.C.; Kruger,R.; Smith,M.F.
Fonte: South African Journal of Animal Science Publicador: South African Journal of Animal Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
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The objectives of this study were to evaluate the primal cut composition of South African lamb carcasses with different fat scores, and to identify cuts suitable for fat trimming. Sixty grain fed Dorper lambs (rams and ewes) were divided into three groups and slaughtered at 30, 36 and 42 kg. Chilled carcass sides were subdivided into seven primal cuts. The cuts were dissected into meat (muscle, intermuscular and intramuscular fat), bone and subcutaneous fat (SCF) in order to determine the physical composition per cut and for the whole carcass. The % subcutaneous fat (SCF) in the loin increased the most (26 units) as the fat score increased from 1 to 5, followed by the flank, shoulder and neck. The % meat (lean) of the neck, thick rib and breast showed no significant change between fat scores 1 to 5, while % bone decreased significantly (>6% units). Meat and bone proportions decreased significantly with an increase in fat score for the loin, flank, leg and shoulder. The composition of the loin cut was most affected overall by changes in the fat score. Since different cuts accumulate SCF at different rates during fattening, trimming of SCF could reduce the boneless % SCF level of the major cuts such as the loin, leg and shoulder by 12...

Estimation of carcass composition and fat depots by means of subcutaneous adipocyte area and body and tail measurements in fat-tailed Akkaraman lambs

Yardımcı,M.; HesnaŞ ahin,E.; Çetingül,İ.S.; Bayram,İ.; Altunbaş,K.; Şengör,E.
Fonte: South African Journal of Animal Science Publicador: South African Journal of Animal Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2008 EN
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36.63%
This study was conducted to establish prediction equations for subcutaneous adipocyte area and body and tail measurements to estimate carcass composition and fat depots of indigenous Akkaraman lambs. As a major carcass tissue, body fat depots play an important role in deciding the optimum slaughter weight and grading of the carcass and meat quality. In this respect, forty male Akkaraman lambs were slaughtered and dissected to define the partitioning of fat among body depots after recording the body and tail measurements and taking adipose tissue samples. Mean cold carcass weight was 19.8 kg with a composition of 48.9% muscle, 30.3% fat, 19.6% bone and 1.2% waste. The dressing percentage was 48.4 %. Tail fat, subcutaneous fat and intermuscular fat were the major fat depots with overall means of 15.3%, 10.2% and 4.9%, respectively. Heart girth had the highest correlation (r = 0.91) with total body fat, while tail circumference had the highest correlation (: r = 0.72) with total body fat among the tail measurements. Correlation coefficients were also high between the adipocyte area and cold carcass (r = 0.84), total body fat (r = 0.84) and carcass fat (: r = 0.86) values. The established regression equations showed that tail fat (R² = 0.81)...