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Family Planning in a Family Health Unit; Planejamento familiar em Unidade de Saúde da Família; Planificación familiar en Unidad de Salud de la Familia

PIERRE, Luzia Aparecida dos Santos; CLAPIS, Maria José
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
The aim of this study was to identify the care provided by health professionals who work in family planning, in a Family Health Unit in the municipality of Ribeirao Preto, São Paulo. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional and quali-quantitative study. Data were collected through interviews with 11 health professionals. The results revealed that most professionals had not received training in family planning, and that information about contraceptive methods is transmitted in an individual way, having women as the target-public. The contraceptive methods which the professionals suggest and offer more are those considered most effective. These findings indicate that family planning care at the Family Health Unit needs to be adjusted not only to ensure quality of service, but also to ensure sexual and reproductive rights.; O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a assistência oferecida pelos profissionais de saúde que atuam em planejamento familiar, em uma Unidade de Saúde da Família, no município de Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo. Trata-se de estudo descritivo, com corte transversal e abordagem quali-quantitativa. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista com 11 profissionais da saúde. Os resultados revelaram que a maioria dos profissionais não recebeu capacitação em planejamento familiar...

Assistência em planejamento familiar em um programa de saúde da família no município de Ribeirão Preto - SP; Family Planning Care in a Family Health Program in Ribeirão Preto-SP.

Santos, Luzia Aparecida dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/02/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
O planejamento familiar é uma ação de saúde que permite a regulação da fecundidade, faz parte da Atenção Básica, atualmente vem sendo oferecido através do Programas de Saúde da Família é um direito reprodutivo. A qualidade da assistência em planejamento familiar é imprescindível para os índices de saúde reprodutiva e sexual, sendo a oferta, a livre escolha por métodos contraceptivos e a informação dada aos clientes são elementos fundamentais para garantir a qualidade dessa assistência. Este estudo teve como objetivo descrever a assistência prestada em planejamento familiar segundo as mulheres em idade fértil e os profissionais de saúde do Núcleo de Saúde de Família I no município de Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, com abordagem quantitativa. A amostra foi composta por 242 mulheres em idade fértil cadastradas no Núcleo de Saúde da Família I e por 11 profissionais de saúde que atuavam neste serviço. Os dados foram coletados através de entrevistas estruturadas em domicilio e no serviço de saúde. A estatística descritiva e os testes quiquadrado de Pearson ou Exato de Fisher foram utilizados para a análise dos dados. Os resultados revelam que a maioria das mulheres (69...

Dimensões sociopolíticas no atendimento em planejamento familiar nos serviços públicos de saúde; Sociopolitical dimensions in family planning provision of Brazilian public health services

Lira, Roberta Cavalcante Muniz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/11/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
Introdução - As mulheres são as principais agentes de cuidados em saúde das famílias e comunidades. Apesar disso, as consequências da globalização e da modernidade nas mulheres de baixa renda resultaram em uma necessidade de adesão às diversas formas de regulação da fecundidade. A Estratégia Saúde da Família traz como característica de trabalho para seus profissionais a observância dos direitos e a atenção à saúde reprodutiva e especificamente ao planejamento familiar. Objetivo - Analisar em que dimensão de significados sociopolíticos encontram-se as relações, ações e atividades de planejamento familiar no âmbito da Estratégia Saúde da Família do município de Sobral, no Estado do Ceará, Brasil. Metodologia - Pesquisa qualitativa, de caráter descritivo e explicativo, mediante entrevistas semi-estruturadas e não estruturadas, com questões em aberto, observação livre e análise documental, iniciada após prévia aprovação do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa e consentimento esclarecido dos entrevistados. Os sujeitos são profissionais de saúde da Estratégia Saúde da Família. A interpretação dos dados seguiu os ensinamentos da análise de conteúdo. Resultados - Os entrevistados apontaram problemas no atendimento em planejamento familiar...

Family Planning in a Family Health Unit

Pierre,Luzia Aparecida dos Santos; Clapis,Maria José
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
The aim of this study was to identify the care provided by health professionals who work in family planning, in a Family Health Unit in the municipality of Ribeirao Preto, São Paulo. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional and quali-quantitative study. Data were collected through interviews with 11 health professionals. The results revealed that most professionals had not received training in family planning, and that information about contraceptive methods is transmitted in an individual way, having women as the target-public. The contraceptive methods which the professionals suggest and offer more are those considered most effective. These findings indicate that family planning care at the Family Health Unit needs to be adjusted not only to ensure quality of service, but also to ensure sexual and reproductive rights.

Family Planning and Fertility : Estimating Program Effects Using Cross-Sectional Data

Portner, Claus C.; Beegle, Kathleen; Christiaensen, Luc
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Although reproductive health advocates consider family planning programs the intervention of choice to reduce fertility, there remains a great deal of skepticism among economists as to their effectiveness, despite little rigorous evidence to support either position. This study explores the effects of family planning in Ethiopia using a novel set of instruments to control for potential non-random program placement. The instruments are based on ordinal rankings of area characteristics, motivated by competition between areas for resources. Access to family planning is found to reduce completed fertility by more than one child among women without education. No effect is found among women with some formal schooling, suggesting that family planning and formal education act as substitutes, at least in this low-income, low-growth setting. This provides support to the notion that increasing access to family planning can provide an important, complementary entry point to kick-start the process of fertility reduction.

Economics and Ethics of Results-Based Financing for Family Planning : Evidence and Policy Implications

Chowdhury, Sadia; Vergeer, Petra; Schmidt, Harald; Barroy, Helene; Bishai, David; Halpern, Scott
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
This paper was developed for World Bank task team leaders (TTLs) and teams designing results-based financing (RBF) programs in family planning (FP). It explores the rationale for introducing such incentives based on insights from classical and behavioral economics, to respond to supply- and demand-side barriers to using FP services. To help the reader understand why incentivizing FP requires specific attention in RBF, the evolution of incentives in vertical FP programs introduced from the 1950s to the early 1990s and the ethical concerns raised in these programs are described. RBF programs after the 1990s were also studied to understand the ways FP is currently incentivized. The paper also touches on the effects of the incentive programs for FP as described in the literature. Finally, it examines ethical concerns related to FP incentives that should be considered during the design, implementation, and evaluation of programs and provides a conceptual framework that can be of use for task teams in the decision making process for FP in RBF programs. It should be noted that the paper is concerned exclusively with developing a framework that can help design ethical programs to address the unmet need for FP.

Transforming Family Planning Outlook and Practice in Egypt : A Rights-Based Approach

Rabie, Tamer; Boehmova, Zuzana; Hawkins, Loraine; Tawab, Nahla Abdel; Saher, Sally; El Shitany, Atef
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Family planning (FP) program contributed to Egypt s progress in reducing infant and maternal mortality and the total fertility and population growth rates. The Arab spring has brought to the forefront long-held aspirations, which can only be fulfilled by a clear shift to a rights-based and person-centered family planning approach and away from an imposed top-down program with targets for family size and fertility rate. The essence of a rights-based approach to FP is interacting with people as individuals with rights to control ones lives, not as a target of a particular program. The FP program also needs to determine and mitigate the factors that make it difficult for the poor, young, and marginalized groups to exercise rights to receive the services needed. The authors of this report examined the challenges facing Egypt s FP program through a human rights lens, exploring whether individuals and couples are able to exercise their rights to financial and physical access to good quality FP services. The research also investigated whether client demand for services...

Family Planning : The Hidden Need of Married Adolescents in Nepal

Aguilar Rivera, Ana Milena; Cortez, Rafael
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.29%
In Nepal, both early marriage and motherhood still place adolescents and their children at a great disadvantage. In 2011, one-third of girls aged 15-19 were already married. About 60 percent of them were pregnant or had at least one child, and one in ten had two living children (Nepal Demographic Health Survey, 2011). This brief aims to understand why married adolescents in Nepal have low contraceptive use and a high unmet need for family planning, providing policy recommendations based on a literature review, interviews with key-informants, and a comprehensive analysis of secondary data from household surveys (NDHS 2006-2011). Given that early childbearing in Nepal still occurs primarily within marriage, the brief addresses the needs of female married adolescents which are often overlooked by policy-makers. However, it is important to note that unmarried adolescents are progressively engaging in sexual activity in Nepal increasing their risks for contracting an STI or an unplanned pregnancy that warrants special attention.

The Potential for Integrating Community-Based Nutrition and Postpartum Family Planning : Review of Evidence and Experience in Low-Income Settings

Alvesson, Helle M.; Mulder-Sibanda, Menno
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
The objective of this review was to study where community-based family planning and nutrition programs have been integrated, how this has been accomplished, and what the results have been. Although family planning is a nontraditional intervention in community-based nutrition programs, it can have profound effects on maternal and child health and nutrition. When family planning does not occur, short intervals between pregnancies deplete mothers' reserves of nutrients needed for pregnancy and later for breastfeeding. As a result, short birth intervals are associated with higher maternal and neonatal mortality and malnutrition rates of infants. Family planning, which promotes contraceptive use and the lactational amenorrhea method, can thus improve nutrition outcomes in both mothers and babies. The authors identified a few studies on integrated services in the published literature; thus the main part of the review is built on operational research studies and unpublished smaller scale intervention studies. However...

The Global Family Planning Revolution : Three Decades of Population Policies and Programs; La revolucion mundial de la planificación familiar : tres decadas de politicas y programas de poblacion

Robinson, Warren C.; Ross, John A.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
This volume helps fill the gap left from insufficiently archived details of family planning programs carried out in many developing countries from the 1950s through the 1980s of their operations, their commonalities, and their differences, with much useful information and informed analysis. The programs were complex undertakings in difficult settings that had little prior experience to draw upon. Not surprisingly, as the case studies described here demonstrate, no single strategy was available that could be employed across these diverse situations, and procedures that were successful in one country did not necessarily function well in another. The case studies also indicate that developing a successful program was as much an art as a science. The key ingredient was being able to distinguish when a somewhat radical new approach was needed and when only some fine-tuning was necessary. While not a focus of this book, the family planning programs had several important, indirect effects on the field of population studies that merit attention as part of the record. First...

Strengthening Family Planning with Community-based Nutrition Interventions in Ethiopia : A Qualitative Study

Sellen, Daniel; Sharif, Sharmin; Tefera, Bethlehem; Hyder, Ziauddin
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
A small-scale, exploratory, and qualitative operational research study was conducted in early 2011 to capture and examine stakeholder perspectives on integrated family planning (FP) programs implemented through Ethiopia's health extension program (HEP). Qualitative indications are that various stakeholders on both the supply and the demand side perceive that specific community-based nutrition (CBN) activities also delivered within HEP serve to link nutrition, family planning, and other health issues in socially acceptable and qualitatively effective ways. Remarkable concordance of qualitative indicators of service delivery, uptake, and satisfaction was noted on both the supply and demand side of service delivery at the sites studied. Respondent reports suggested the following: (i) active and successful delivery of both CBN and FP activities; (ii) some challenges with record keeping, supervision, and supplies; (iii) strong uptake of services and messages; (iv) a highly positive community-level perception of service quality...

Planning the American Family: The Politics of Government Family Planning Programs from the Great Society to the New Right

Rodberg, Josie
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.29%
This dissertation examines the creation and development of the United States government's Title X family planning program from 1965 to 1988. It argues that Title X became controversial when its supporters shifted their focus from promoting family self-sufficiency to celebrating individual reproductive freedom. The new individualist arguments profoundly threatened many Americans who wanted government policy to support the patriarchal nuclear family. Support for federally-subsidized family planning programs in the 1960s rested on an ideology of nuclear family economic independence. Advocates reasoned that birth control services would enable poor Americans, especially African-Americans, to have children only within stable, self-sufficient marriages. Using these arguments, family planning advocates developed nearly-unanimous support for family planning programs among federal policymakers. In the early 1970s, though, family planning supporters embraced feminist and anti-racist critiques of their earlier ideas, leading them to promote subsidized family planning as a route to individual women’s reproductive freedom. In turn, the dissertation examines the growth of the New Right in reaction to the new liberal focus on individual freedom. While some dissenters had opposed family planning programs in the 1960s...

Village family planning volunteers in Indonesia: their role in family planning programme

Utomo, Iwu; Arsyad, Syahmida; Hasmi, Eddy Nural
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
Family planning was once a sensitive issue in Indonesia, but today it is considered essential. This paper reports on a study in 1997-98 of the role of village family planning volunteers and the cadres who worked under them in West Java, Central Java and D

Associations between HIV/AIDS funding activities and family planning efforts

Choi, Daniella
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Publicado em 04/06/2012 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
Thirty years since the onset of the HIV epidemic, the global community has achieved many significant milestones to combat the disease thanks to an unprecedented financial commitment for the cause. However, some argue that the disproportionately large disease-specific funding creates a parallel funding structure, which may hinder the necessary integration between different health agendas. One key issue is the lack of integration between HIV and family planning/reproductive health services. Despite the natural and substantive link, the existing literature suggests that the expansion of HIV program may be at the expense of critical family planning programs. This paper seeks to examine the claim that there may be a negative linkage between HIV/AIDS funding and family planning efforts. The author first observes the extent of family planning needs in countries with high HIV prevalence rates and finds that in ten countries worst hit by the epidemic, 1 in 4 women do not have access to contraceptives despite their desire to use contraception. The author then uses the difference-in-differences method to study the changes in Family Planning Efforts index (measured by the Futures Group) in 41 HIV-endemic countries by the amount of HIV aid received relative to each country’s Gross National Income. These analyses repeatedly suggest that countries receiving a large sum of HIV aid relative to their national economy perform worse in family planning efforts over time compared to the countries receiving smaller sums of HIV aid. This paper also includes case studies of Uganda...

Asias family planning programs as low fertility is attained

Jones, Gavin; Leete, Richard
Fonte: Population Council Publicador: Population Council
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
The dramatic demographic changes in Asia during the three decades from 1970 to the end of the twentieth century were matched by major changes in government population policies and programs. Fertility declines occured in widely different economic, sociocultural, and political settings. The extent to which they were attributable to family planning programs, established in most countries of the region by 1970, is hotly debated. The 1970s were the heyday of family planning programs, which were created in a climate of urgency because of concerns over the "population explosion." Issues faced by programs at that time are discussed. Over time, programs generally have moved to a simpler "service" approach. As increasing numbers of countries reach replacement-level fertility, and as policies are formed against the background of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo, the role of family planning programs is increasingly debated and questioned. This article examines the responses of Asian countries and the population challenges that remain.

Planejamento familiar em Unidade de Saúde da Família; Planificación familiar en Unidad de Salud de la Familia; Family Planning in a Family Health Unit

Pierre, Luzia Aparecida dos Santos; Clapis, Maria José
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2010 ENG; POR; SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a assistência oferecida pelos profissionais de saúde que atuam em planejamento familiar, em uma Unidade de Saúde da Família, no município de Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo. Trata-se de estudo descritivo, com corte transversal e abordagem quali-quantitativa. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista com 11 profissionais da saúde. Os resultados revelaram que a maioria dos profissionais não recebeu capacitação em planejamento familiar, sendo que a informação sobre os métodos anticoncepcionais é transmitida de forma individual, tendo como público-alvo as mulheres. Os métodos anticoncepcionais, considerados mais eficazes, são aqueles sobre os quais os profissionais mais orientam e oferecem. Os achados apontam que a assistência em planejamento familiar na Unidade de Saúde da Família necessita de adequações, não só para assegurar a qualidade do serviço prestado como também para assegurar direitos sexuais e reprodutivos.; El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar la asistencia ofrecida por los profesionales de la salud que actúan en la planificación familiar, en una Unidad de Salud de la Familia, en el municipio de Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo con corte transversal y abordaje cuali-cuantitativo. Los datos fueron recolectados por medio de entrevista con 11 profesionales de la salud. Los resultados revelaron que la mayoría de los profesionales no recibió capacitación en planificación familiar...

Perceptions of clients regarding family planning service delivery in a clinic of the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Council

Kellner,A; Jooste,K; Jacobs,W
Fonte: Curationis Publicador: Curationis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
Unwanted pregnancies with their negative impact on both women and children occur on an ongoing basis in Gauteng, South Africa. One way to prevent unwanted pregnancies is to use a reliable contraceptive method available free of charge from primary health care clinics providing family planning services throughout Gauteng Province. A literature review was completed on women and access to family planning services and an interview schedule (questionnaire) was developed. The purpose of this study was to describe guidelines to meet the expectations of clients accessing family planning services provided by a clinic in Region F, Area 28 of the Greater Johannesburg metropolitan council. This quantitative, exploratory, descriptive and comparative study measured the gaps between the expectations of participants on service delivery and the extent to which these expectations were met. A convenience sample was conducted and consisted of 50 women of reproductive age (ages 15 to 49) attending the family planning clinic. Pre-testing of the instrument was conducted. Structured interviews with a interview schedule were conducted before and after women attended a family planning service. Inferential statistics indicated that there was a significant gap between the client expectations of family planning service delivery and the extent to which these expectations were met. Of the sixty-four items where women indicated the extent of their expectations the findings on only three items were not statistically significant. These gaps were addressed by proposing managerial guidelines to be implemented by the nurse manager in charge of the facility...

Stakeholder perceptions of a total market approach to family planning in Nicaragua

Drake,Jennifer Kidwell; Espinoza,Henry; Suraratdecha,Chutima; Lacayo,Yann; Keith,Bonnie M.; Vail,Janet G.
Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
OBJECTIVE: To assess private-sector stakeholders' and donors' perceptions of a total market approach (TMA) to family planning in Nicaragua in the context of decreased funding; to build evidence for potential strategies and mechanisms for TMA implementation (including public-private partnerships (PPPs)); and to identify information gaps and future priorities for related research and advocacy. METHODS: A descriptive exploratory study was conducted in various locations in Nicaragua from March to April 2010. A total of 24 key private-sector stakeholders and donors were interviewed and their responses analyzed using two questionnaires and a stakeholder analysis tool (PolicyMakerTM software). RESULTS: All survey participants supported a TMA, and public-private collaboration, in family planning in Nicaragua. Based on the survey responses, opportunities for further developing PPPs for family planning include building on and expanding existing governmental frameworks, such as Nicaragua's current coordination mechanism for contraceptive security. Obstacles include the lack of ongoing government engagement with the commercial (for-profit) sector and confusion about regulations for its involvement in family planning. Strategies for strengthening existing PPPs include establishing a coordination mechanism specifically for the commercial sector and collecting and disseminating evidence supporting public-private collaboration in family planning. CONCLUSIONS: There was no formal or absolute opposition to a TMA or PPPs in family planning in Nicaragua among a group of diverse nongovernmental stakeholders and donors. This type of study can help identify strategies to mobilize existing and potential advocates in achieving articulated policy goals...

Do family-planning workers in China support provision of sexual and reproductive health services to unmarried young people?

Tu,Xiaowen; Cui,Nian; Lou,Chaohua; Gao,Ersheng
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the perspectives of family-planning service providers in eight sites in China on the provision of sexual and reproductive health services to unmarried young people. METHODS: Data were drawn from a survey of 1927 family-planning workers and 16 focus group discussions conducted in eight sites in China in 1998-99. FINDINGS: Family-planning workers recognized the need to protect the sexual health of unmarried young people and were unambiguous about the need for government agencies to provide information and education on sexual and reproductive health to unmarried young people; however, perceptions about the appropriate age for and content of such education remained conservative. While about 70% of family-planning workers were willing to provide contraceptives to unmarried young people, and about 60% approved government provision of contraceptive services to unmarried young people, only one quarter agreed that the services could be extended to senior high schools. CONCLUSION: Family-planning workers in China are ambivalent about the provision of sexual and reproductive health services to unmarried young people, which potentially poses a significant obstacle to the adoption of safe sex behaviours by young people, as well as to the provision of sexual and reproductive health information and services to young unmarried people in China. Training programmes for family-planning workers are urgently needed to address this issue.

Creating options in family planning for the private sector in Latin America

Sharma,Suneeta; Gribble,James N.; Menotti,Elaine P.
Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean are facing the gradual phaseout of international-donor support of contraceptive commodities and technical and management assistance, as well as an increased reliance on limited public sector resources and a limited private sector role in providing contraceptives to the public. Therefore, those nations must develop multisectoral strategies to achieve contraceptive security. The countries need to consider information about the market for family planning commodities and services in order to define and promote complementary roles for the public sector, the commercial sector, and the nongovernmental-organization sector, as well as to better identify which segments of the population each of those sectors should serve. While it is unable to mandate private sector participation, the public sector can create conditions that support and promote a greater role for the private sector in meeting the growing needs of family planning users. Taking steps to actively involve and expand the private sector's market share is a critical strategy for achieving a more equitable distribution of available resources, addressing unmet need, and creating a more sustainable future for family planning commodities and services. This paper also discusses in detail the experiences of two countries...