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Organização familiar agrícola: o caso da produção de soja no sul do Brasil; Farm family governance: the case of soybean production in Southern Brazil

Zanon, Raquel Silvestrin
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/05/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.36%
A organização familiar apresenta importância significativa para a economia brasileira. Na produção agropecuária, há atividades com maior predominância dessa estrutura, enquanto em outras a patronal apresenta maior proporção. Neste grupo encontra-se a soja, cujo cultivo caracteriza-se pela existência de economias de escala. Entretanto, no Brasil, sua produção ocorre em ambas as estruturas organizacionais. As duas maiores regiões produtoras do país apresentam características distintas: enquanto no Centro-Oeste predominam as grandes propriedades, no Sul há participação expressiva da agricultura familiar. O presente estudo busca analisar os fatores que favorecem a sobrevivência desta forma organizacional, por meio de uma pesquisa descritivo-explicativa. Seu aporte teórico engloba economias de escala, relacionadas ao tamanho dos estabelecimentos, de escopo, no que diz respeito à diversidade de atividades, e a influência do ambiente institucional, em especial dos programas de financiamento, que diminuem o custo produtivo. Consideram-se ainda aspectos comportamentais, com referência ao oportunismo e à necessidade de monitoramento, assim como custos de saída da atividade, a exemplo daqueles relacionados ao nível educacional. A organização familiar é considerada uma estrutura específica...

Construção de cadeias agroalimentares curtas e papel dos atores em Nova Veneza, SC

Scarabelot, Maristela
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
Esta dissertação aborda o tema ‘cadeias agroalimentares curtas’. As dificuldades econômicas vividas pelos agricultores familiares nas últimas décadas os têm feito reagir por meio de iniciativas que comportam produção, processamento e comercialização de alimentos diferenciados a partir de agroindústrias artesanais familiares. O estudo analisa o processo de construção social das iniciativas de produção, industrialização e comercialização de produtos alimentares da agricultura familiar no município de Nova Veneza, sul de Santa Catarina, buscando identificar fatores históricos e conjunturais que contribuíram para seu desenvolvimento. A partir das cadeias do queijo, da farinha de milho e do vinho foi analisado o papel das organizações e, em especial, de que forma instituições como a Epagri e a Prefeitura Municipal têm interagido com esse processo no município. Também foi analisada a relação das cadeias alimentares curtas com os mercados e como formas de organização coletiva têm reconectado consumidores e produtores. Finalizou-se o trabalho analisando a motivação dos consumidores ao optarem por produtos da agricultura familiar e as implicações dos mercados de produtos com qualidade diferenciada para o desenvolvimento local. Para compreender o objeto de estudo...

Quem são os novos agricultores familiares?: um estudo de caso da microrregião de Jales-SP

Souza, Gabriela dos Santos
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 111 f. : il.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
Pós-graduação em Agronomia - FEIS; Almost all studies confirmed the succession crisis and delineate a negative perspective for the family farm. Many surveys also point out that succession has occurred increasingly later but have not searched to investigate who these recent successors, those farmers who have taken in recent years the management of the family farm. Results of the Censo Agropecuário for 2006 indicate an increase in the number of family farms, it shows that either by inheritance or by creating new family property (rural settlements and / or via the land market) somehow this succession process has occurred. his paper adopts an innovative approach is proposed to investigate who these new farmers. The purpose of this study was therefore to characterize and analyze the strategies of family farmers who assumed the management of the properties in the last ten years to identify the processes of succession that are actually occurring and / or other forms of input such producers in agriculture, microregion of Jales-SP. Were used secondary and primary sources for defining the characteristics of the sample of farmers surveyed and applied a questionnaire to 50 producers of the microregion of Jales with a time period of three to ten years of propriety management. With the results may notice that the new farmer family in the microregion Jales mostly despite having some link with the urban...

Produção sustentável de leite bovino em área de proteção ambiental: aplicação da análise energética no município de Torre de Pedra/SP

Silva, Marísia Cristina da
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 162 f. : il. color., gráfs, tabs.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
Pós-graduação em Agronomia (Energia na Agricultura) - FCA; Agricultural activity is considered one of main sources of food supply for humanity. It contributes to local, regional, and national development. However, the activity results in significant adverse environmental impacts when it is not developed based on social, economical and environmental sustainability aspects. The need of an efficient use of natural resources with a minimal environmental impact poses as a challenge when it is related to the solution of problems resulted from the use of energy sources coming from the environment. The establishment of organized productive systems for local farmers provides better management of local natural resources besides favoring, from a sustainability perspective, a better economic organization of the environment. The town of Torre de Pedra / SP is part of the Environmental Protection Area Corumbataí-Botucatu-Tejupa, Perimeter Botucatu The region has a traditional vocation for dairy farm production and it presents problems ranging from environmental to socioeconomic aspects. This project focus on the identification and analysis, with regards to energy, of bovine milk production systems in family farms located in Torre de Pedra/SP. There were performed technical visits to the farms in order to gather quantitative and qualitative data. The farmers were asked to respond to semi-structured questionnaires in order to help us to establish detailed conditions for the analysis of production systems to be studied. Thus...

Aspectos socioeconômicos, indicadores de qualidade do leite e pesquisa de linhagens toxigênicas de Staphylococcus em propriedades de agricultura familiar de Botucatu, SP

Lavor, Ubirajara Leoncy de
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 134 f.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Pós-graduação em Medicina Veterinária - FMVZ; Dairy farming on family farms is critical for survival and maintenance of the rural worker. Bovine mastitis negatively impacts milk production and presents risks to public health. This study evaluated the quality of the milk from the family farm in the region of Botucatu-SP, the difficulties faced by producers, the mastitis etiology, and sensitivity profile of pathogens against antimicrobials. Also evaluated the presence of enterotoxin producing genes in isolated staphylococcal strains. Also aimed the recommendation of actions to improve the production, seeking the quality of the milk. A Socioeconomic questionnaire was applied to producers and individual milk samples were collected from the set of brasses of each property and from cows diagnosed with mastitis by California Mastitis Test (CMT). It was evaluated the levels of fat, protein, lactose, dried extract and nonfat dry extract, the total bacterial count (TBC) and the somatic cell count (SCC). Twenty one (21) properties were analyzed where it was found that the average of the farmers was 59 years. Only five of them (23.8%) had completed high school or higher, and none (0%) counted on veterinary advice. As for their facilities of milking parlor...

Politica de uso de calcario agricola e a sutentabilidade da agricultura no Brasil; Policy of using agricultural lime and the sustainability of agriculture in Brazil

Cleide de Marco Pereira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/08/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
Esta Tese procura demonstrar que os produtores agrícolas podem ampliar seu papel como consumidores de calcário agrícola - no Brasil, 70% dos solos agricultáveis são considerados ácidos e necessitam de calagem - e que este consumo contribuirá para sua sustentabilidade, e proporcionará ganhos nas esferas econômica, social e ambiental. Além disso, o uso de calcário agrícola é uma prática considerada importante para incorporar estabelecimentos agropecuários de categoria familiar que estão à margem deste mercado, dado que hoje os maiores consumidores do corretivo são os grandes e médios produtores agrícolas de soja, milho, cana-de-açúcar, citros, café e pecuaristas. Para viabilizar essa estratégia, caracteriza-se tanto o potencial de oferta desse insumo, como seu potencial de demanda. Existe no Brasil parque produtor instalado com mais de 300 empresas, operando com ociosidade média de 57%, e há reservas de rochas calcárias distribuídas por quase todas as unidades da Federação em quantidade e qualidade satisfatórias. Ao mesmo tempo em que o mercado para consumo anual do insumo é estimado em 75 milhões de toneladas, o consumo atual é de apenas 17 milhões de toneladas, correspondendo a 22% da real necessidade dos solos do País. Analisam-se em seguida as políticas públicas e privadas de apoio à utilização desse insumo já desenvolvidas até o presente momento e ao final...

Family and organic farming. New apprenticeship through m-learning

Costa, Cristina; Correia, Paula; Correia, Helena; Guiné, Raquel; Gouveia, João; Rodrigues, Pedro; Teixeira, Daniela; Tourino, Luis; Castro, Moises; Basile, Salvatore
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Viseu Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Viseu
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
Recently, family farming has become a central element in the public debate over its fundamental role in rural areas. Family farms ensure agricultural and forestry production, as well as fishing and grazing, managed by a family that mostly depends on unpaid family labour, both women and men. From the 570 million farms in the world, over 500 million are family farms. There are numerous examples in which, through organic farming, family farming can be lead to new heights of success and innovation, with direct increase in the farm income. The benefits that may accrue from the adoption of organic farming on family farms in Mediterranean countries such as Portugal, Italy and Spain are analysed, together with its impact and major constraints, as well as the contribution that new forms of teaching and learning can give to its spread and success, including through m-learning, as it is the case of the project ECONewFARMERS - Building a future for new farmers in ecological farming through vocational training.

Avalia????o de sistemas de produ????o de batata org??nica em propriedades familiares: uma aplica????o da metodologia multicrit??rio de apoio ?? decis??o (MCDA).; Avalia????o de sistemas de produ????o de batata org??nica em propriedades familiares: uma aplica????o da metodologia multicrit??rio de apoio ?? decis??o (MCDA).; Evaluation of organic potato production system in family farms: an application of MultiCriteria Decision-Aid Methodology (MCDA).; Evaluation of organic potato production system in family farms: an application of MultiCriteria Decision-Aid Methodology (MCDA).

REICHERT, L??rio Jos??
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agricultura familiar; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Sistemas de Produ????o Agr??cola Familiar; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agricultura familiar; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Sistemas de Produ????o Agr??cola Familiar; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.15%
The farm production systems, in general, have a certain degree of complexity because it involves a set of variables that the farmer can not always control, and requires a decision-making. The farmer does it considering his rationality based on his objectives, perception, intuition, and information. Even with all these precautions, it s not always easy to make those decisions, and so they often need some support or some tool to assist them, even more when the production systems involve practices and/or organic production processes or with technological innovation. In these cases, the farmer needs to involve a number of internal and external elements to the rural property, interact with nature and know how to use it for the benefit of the production unit. A number of studies have been conducted to improve organic production processes, emphasizing its importance and its social, environmental and economic benefits, and the opportunities it brings. Potato organic production has evolved, but, being a system still in consolidation, it faces bottlenecks in production and in marketing, which should be studied deeper. Following this idea, the study aimed to construct models that aggregate different systems evaluation criteria of organic potato developed by family farmers from southern Rio Grande do Sul state. The study had the participation of a group that has been in the research project Rede de Refer??ncia (GRR) of Embrapa Clima Temperado...

Qualidade do solo: construindo o conhecimento em propriedades agr??colas familiares produtoras de fumo org??nico.; Soil Quality: constructing soil knowledge in organic tobacco family farms

Audeh, Samira Jaber Suliman
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Solos; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Solos; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
The present study approaches the relations between local and scientific soil quality knowledge, in organic tobacco family farms of Cangu??u-RS. The farms are characterized by the accomplishment of the agricultural activity in areas where the soil is shallow and mountaious. These characteristics highlight the need to find alternatives for the conservation of their lands. The alternatives are based on changes regarding to the way that farmers understand the nature and to the way they interpret and apply the knowledge acquired throughout years of experience. This knowledge that each farmer has about the peculiarities of his region is an important factor to the success of soil conservation and to the soil quality maintenance. This study has the objective to construct the knowledge of soil quality in organic tobacco family farms based on local and scientific soil knowledge to reach a sustainable agricultural development. The intention was also understand the aspects related to the soil use, soil management and soil conservation and its interactions, and link scientific with popular knowledge. From this work, it was possible to define a set of indicators according to the farmers perception to characterize the soils from their lands. It was also possible to perceive that those farmers possess detailed knowledge of the soil they cultivate and that their perception is based on a dynamic process of soil properties interactions. Finally...

Albania - Urban Growth, Migration and Poverty Reduction : A Poverty Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
This sector report claims that in the three years between 2002 and 2005 alone, almost 235,000 people have moved out of poverty in Albania. Strong economic growth and large inflow of remittances are at the center of this impressive achievement. However, low productivity of predominantly small family farms has put a drag on rural growth prospects. Moreover, Ndihma Ekonomike (NE) program, the means-tested income support program is small in scale, and has a low coverage so that it has had only a modest impact on poverty reduction. As a result of these developments, the poor are mostly rural residents, low skilled (measured as years of schooling completed) and large families. The main conclusion of this report is that as Albania looks ahead it faces the challenges of consolidating and sustaining these improvements in living conditions and narrow the widening rural and urban differences. To tackle these challenges, Albania needs to maintain the high growth path, raise rural productivity and improve the targeting performance of its NE program

Should African Rural Development Strategies Depend on Smallholder Farms? An Exploration of the Inverse Productivity Hypothesis

Larson, Donald F.; Otsuka, Keijiro; Matsumoto, Tomoya; Kilic, Talip
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
In Africa, most development strategies include efforts to improve the productivity of staple crops grown on smallholder farms. An underlying premise is that small farms are productive in the African context and that smallholders do not forgo economies of scale -- a premise supported by the often observed phenomenon that staple cereal yields decline as the scale of production increases. This paper explores a research design conundrum that encourages researchers who study the relationship between productivity and scale to use surveys with a narrow geographic reach, when policy would be better served with studies based on wide and heterogeneous settings. Using a model of endogenous technology choice, the authors explore the relationship between maize yields and scale using alternative data. Since rich descriptions of the decision environments that farmers face are needed to identify the applied technologies that generate the data, improvements in the location specificity of the data should reduce the likelihood of identification errors and biased estimates. However...

Farmers’ markets and the benefits of participation for small family farms: a case study of two markets on the Mid-North coast of New South Wales

Brie, Gabriella
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 512690 bytes; 57991 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em //2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.22%
In popular literature as well as some academic articles, farmers’ markets are usually described as a very positive development in the world of food retailing. However, farmers’ markets generally require some forms of government assistance for setting up, and a lot of nurturing from enthusiasts often on a voluntary basis. Many market managers report difficulty in attracting growers to participate and a high drop out rate of stallholders. Relevant literature from the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia is examined and the results of discussions held with two groups of producer stallholders who participate in small markets on the Mid-North Coast of New South Wales are analysed. This paper thereby seeks to examine the benefits that farmers may derive from participation in farmers’ markets and whether these benefits are sufficient to improve or maintain the viability of small family farms, as many enthusiastic supporters claim. The literature establishes that there are different kinds of markets: frequently held ‘experience’ markets situated in metropolitan and large regional centres and small less frequent, usually monthly markets held in small rural centres. The two kinds of markets provide benefits on a very different scale and the producers who frequent them are also at very different stages in their enterprises. Fulltime successful stallholders who make much of their income from farmers’ markets are to be found taking part in the frequently held city markets...

Uruguay : Family Agriculture Development; Uruguay - El desarrollo de la agricultura familiar

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
The bank has a long relationship with Uruguay's agricultural sector, expanding over a period of more than 60 years in which several projects and various analytical and advisory assistance initiatives have been implemented. The main purposes of the present report are: a) to analyze the main characteristics of family agriculture as well as its development potential and constraints; b) to examine Uruguay's current agricultural policy and institutional framework; c) present a set of measures aimed at reducing vulnerabilities and increasing development opportunities for family producers; and d) contribute to Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fishery's (MGAP's) preparation of an agricultural and rural development plan 2010-15, by presenting a set of policy recommendations and measures to support an economic and environmentally sustainable family agriculture development within the Government's overall strategy to promote more equitable rural development. Uruguay's agricultural and food sector has successfully mastered past crises and retained its role as an important sector of the national economy...

Agricultura familiar e a formação de circuitos curtos no território Consad Vale do Ivinhema/MS

Andrade, Elisabeth de Souza
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.19%
As transformações que ocorreram no meio rural brasileiro a partir da década de 1960 mostraram-se excludentes com relação ao pequeno produtor. Somente na década de 1990 a agricultura familiar começa a ganhar notoriedade e a ser discutida como um dos principais elementos dos modelos de desenvolvimento rural. Apesar dos avanços obtidos pela agricultura familiar com relação ao acesso a terra e a crédito, algumas dificuldades, como a comercialização, ocupam o papel central no que diz respeito aos estudos de desenvolvimento da agricultura familiar. Este estudo tem por objetivo analisar a importância dos circuitos curtos para o desenvolvimento da agricultura familiar no território CONSAD Vale do Ivinhema. Para tanto, foram estabelecidos como objetivos específicos: i) Desenvolver um diagnóstico socioeconômico do território CONSAD Vale do Ivinhema; ii) Descrever e analisar os circuitos curtos encontrados nos municípios integrantes do território CONSAD Vale do Ivinhema, identificando os atores envolvidos e as dinâmicas do mercado local. A pesquisa teve caráter exploratório, descritivo e analítico, com ênfase qualitativa, e incluiu pesquisa de campo, realizada no período compreendido entre março e novembro de 2010...

Aspectos socioeconômicos, indicadores de qualidade e proposta de aproveitamento tecnológico do leite bovino produzido em unidades de produção de base familiar de Pato Branco - PR

Rosa, Arminda Almeida da
Fonte: Pato Branco Publicador: Pato Branco
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
The dairy cattle has been established as an important socioeconomic activity in family farms across the country. Such activity has been considered as warranty of survival of families in the country region promoting their social reproduction. As one of the main food available for people, the production of milk has been demanding technologies to guarantee its quality under physicochemical and microbiological aspects, among others. Within this context, this research presents a socioeconomic approach of bovine milk farmers who live in a community in the interior of Pato Branco district, in the southwest area of Paraná state, with the intention of understanding the families’ characteristics, specific aspects in the production of milk, and what this activity has represented concerning socioeconomic terms for these families, as well as the quality of the produced milk. The present study carried out three work phases. Initially, a diagnosis of 26 families of the Independence community was accomplished, with the intention of obtaining information regarding their social and economic reality, and important aspects regarding the development of dairy activity. In the second phase, samples of milk were collected in the properties with the objective of evaluating its physicochemical...

Política pública para a agricultura familiar: avaliação do programa paranaense “Fábrica do Agricultor”

Zerbato, Caio César
Fonte: Curitiba Publicador: Curitiba
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
Starting in the 1990s, with the legitimation of the State of family farming as a social category in rural areas, through public policies for the sector, many governmental programs have emerged to strengthen this rural development model. In the state of Paraná, in 1999, the the family farming program “Farmer's Factory” (Fábrica do Agricultor - PFA) was created with the objective of adding value to products from family farms through the vertical integration of the production of small agroindustrialization businesses. The objective of this study was to evaluate the family farming program “Farmer's Factory” (Fábrica do Agricultor - PFA). The research was conducted utilizing a descriptive approach to its goals, using techniques of bibliographical research, documentary research and surveys, which were done through structured interviews. First, the understanding of the Brazilian agrarian issue was sought, from the standpoint of small-scale family farms. Further, family farming, as well as the main strategies of social reproduction of farmers and the main theoretical and methodological aspects of public policy, were all defined through literature review. Subsequently, a bibliographical review and analysis were performed in order to achieve greater knowledge of the program (PFA)...

Influência do processo de qualificação para melhoria da qualidade do leite na pequena propriedade rural

Mattioda, Fernanda
Fonte: Ponta Grossa Publicador: Ponta Grossa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
The low quality of milk obtained of family farms needs information and technologies that provide this improvement in the quality of raw material. Given the large number of family farmers in the country, which do not have access to information on production of quality milk, it becomes necessary to develop and implement procedures for qualification in these farms. Therefore, this study uses the methodology of Reference Unit, able to inform and train farmers on the minimum requirements for the production of quality milk. The methodology to evaluate the influence of the qualification process for improving the quality of milk in small farms, the study was divided into three stages: the first was the selection of reference units and its characterization through a questionnaire and analysis of the quality of milk, as fat, protein, lactose, total bacterial count and Somatic Cell Count; and the second step was the implementation of the Reference Units in farms and the transmission of information and technologies through training hygienic -sanitary, and final evaluation of the qualification process through the analysis of indicators of quality of milk, made during the 12 month study. The statistical evaluation of results was done using analysis of variance (ANOVA)...

O papel do programa de aquisição de alimentos – PAA - para o fortalecimento da agricultura familiar: o caso da Cooperativa da Agricultura Familiar Integrada – COOPAFI - de Capanema, PR

Silva, Vilmar da
Fonte: Pato Branco Publicador: Pato Branco
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
In a country where family farming is historically treated as ‘the ugly duckling’, and public policy generally directed to agriculture employer in the production of agricultural commodities it is created by the Federal Government in 2003, the Food Acquisition Program – FAP (PAA), which has embraced as one of its objectives ‘Strengthening Family Farming’. With this idea in mind, the quest about reification of this objective caused the interest in seeking data that could contribute to the understanding of the way the FAP (PAA) reaches the farmers, both in economic and social context. Thus, searching for an answer about what is the program role on strengthening family farming and considering that the strengthening of agriculture also occurs according to extensive bibliography already produced from the organization of farmers into associations and cooperatives, a case study was conducted at the Family Farming Cooperative Integrated - Coopafi – Capanema, it was chosen for being result of the first marketing cooperative of family farms in the Southwest Region of Paraná, Cooperfac - Family Agriculture Cooperative of Capanema. In this sense the dissertation discusses how marketing strategies of family farming emerge in the markets...

Organic foods from family farms in the National School Food Program: Perspectives of social actors from Santa Catarina, Brazil

Silverio,Gabriela de Andrade; Sousa,Anete Araújo de
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
OBJECTIVE: To analyze suggestions that facilitate the use of organic foods produced by family farms made by the social actors responsible for Santa Catarina's school meals. METHODS: This qualitative and exploratory study used an electronic questionnaire for surveying 293 municipalities in the state of Santa Catarina in 2010 and identified the percentage of organic school foods purchased from family farms. The social actors from 52 municipalities who were responsible for organic food acquisition were interviewed in person. Their suggestions were categorized and analyzed by content analysis. RESULTS: A total of 446 social actors made 684 suggestions categorized into four themes: Awareness strategies for the use of organic foods (n=286) were proposed by principals and dieticians, who emphasized the need of educating social actors and community and raising community awareness; Better Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar management (n=148) was suggested by principals and family farmers, who wanted less bureaucracy and outsourcing, fewer taxes, and more management involvement; Better coordination between the demand and supply of organic foods (n=130) was suggested by principals, family farmers, and cooks because of logistic and supply problems; and Better management of school food production (n=120) was suggested by principals and cooks...

The transfer of intergenerational family knowledge for sustainable commercial farming in Mpumalanga province of South Africa: Lessons for extension

Van Niekerk,J. A; Mahlobogoane,M; Tirivanhu,P.
Fonte: South African Journal of Agricultural Extension Publicador: South African Journal of Agricultural Extension
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.15%
This study focuses on intergenerational knowledge transfer in commercial family farms as a tool for sustainable agriculture. The rationale is two pronged; the need for smallholder farmers to learn from the commercial enterprises; and extension professional to assess how these experiences can be integrated into practice. The key research questions addressed are; what key intergenerational knowledge sustains commercial farming? What are the modes of knowledge transfer? What are key learning points for smallholder farmer extension practice? A case study approach was applied and data was collected using a semi structured questionnaire and research on family histories. Key knowledge themes that were identified as critical for intergenerational transfer include; maintaining a business mindset; investment and diversification decisions; planning and implementing operational plans; valuing human resources; genetic preservation; adapting to changing climatic conditions and risk taking. The key modes of knowledge transfer were continuous engagement, discussions and networking. The study concludes that smallholder farmers need to incorporate these lessons in commercialising their enterprises.