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Medos normais de crianças em contexto hospitalar segundo o fear survey schedule for children-revised, FSSC-R

Sampaio, Francisco M.; Martins, Ana M.; Oliveira, Tânia C.
Fonte: Edições Universidade Fernando Pessoa Publicador: Edições Universidade Fernando Pessoa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.87%
Este estudo analisa os medos normais ou desenvolvimentais de 79 crianças (40 meninas e 39 rapazes, idades 6 a 12 anos) frequentadoras de serviços de pediatria (consulta externa e internamento) de dois hospitais portugueses através do Fear Survey Schedule for Children-Revised (fssc-r) de ollendick (1983). Os resultados indicam que as meninas e as crianças com experiência de internamento apresentam mais medos que os rapazes e as crianças sem experiência de hospitalização, respectivamente. Meninas e rapazes coincidem globalmente na indicação de dez medos mais comuns (associados ao medo de perigo e morte). Faz-se análise das qualidades psicométricas do fssc-r, justificando-se a estrutura de 5 factores. This empirical study analyses the normal or developmental fears of 79 children (40 girls, 30 boys; ages 6 to 12) who receive regular hospital services (in and outpatient). The “fear survey schedule for children – revised” fssc-r (ollendick, 1983) was used to evaluate fears. Results show that girls and children with inpatient experience report greater number and more intense fears than other children. Both boys and girls indicate similar “ten most common fears” related to fear of injury and death. Psychometric analysis of the fssc-r is done with emphasis on a 5 factor structure.

Negative correlation between phospholipase and esterase activity produced by Fusarium isolates

Ishida,K.; Alviano,D.S.; Silva,B.G.; Guerra,C.R.; Costa,A.S.; Nucci,M.; Alviano,C.S.; Rozental,S.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.05%
Fusarium species have emerged as one of the more outstanding groups of clinically important filamentous fungi, causing localized and life-threatening invasive infections with high morbidity and mortality. The ability to produce different types of hydrolytic enzymes is thought to be an important virulence mechanism of fungal pathogens and could be associated with the environment of the microorganism. Here, we have measured the production of two distinct lipolytic enzymes, phospholipase and esterase, by sixteen Fusarium isolates recovered from the hospital environment, immunocompromised patients’ blood cultures, foot interdigital space scrapings from immunocompromised patients, and foot interdigital space scrapings from immunocompetent patients (4 isolates each). Fourteen of these 16 isolates were identified asFusarium solani species complex (FSSC) and two were identified as F. oxysporum species complex (FOSC). Some relevant genus characteristics were visualized by light and electron microscopy such as curved and multicelled macroconidia with 3 or 4 septa, microconidia, phialides, and abundant chlamydospores. All Fusarium isolates were able to produce esterase and phospholipase under the experimental conditions. However, a negative correlation was observed between these two enzymes...

Molecular characterization of pathogenic Fusarium species in cucurbit plants from Kermanshah province, Iran

Chehri, K.; Salleh, B.; Yli-Mattila, T.; Reddy, K.R.N.; Abbasi, S.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.05%
Fusarium is one of the important phytopathogenic genera of microfungi causing serious losses on cucurbit plants in Kermanshah province, the largest area of cucurbits plantation in Iran. Therefore, the objectives in this study were to isolate and identify disease-causing Fusarium spp. from infected cucurbit plants, to ascertain their pathogenicity, and to determine their phylogenetic relationships. A total of 100 Fusarium isolates were obtained from diseased cucurbit plants collected from fields in different geographic regions in Kermanshah province, Iran. According to morphological characters, all isolates were identified as Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium proliferatum, Fusarium equiseti, Fusarium semitectum and Fusarium solani. All isolates of the five Fusarium spp. were evaluated for their pathogenicity on healthy cucumber (Cucumis sativus) and honeydew melon (Cucumis melo) seedlings in the glasshouse. F. oxysporum caused damping-off in 20–35 days on both cucurbit seedlings tested. Typical stem rot symptoms were observed within 15 days after inoculation with F. solani on both seedlings. Based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis, the five Fusarium species were divided into two major groups. In particular...

Fear assessment in brazilian children : the relevance of dental fear; Avaliação do medo em crianças brasileiras : a relevância no medo odontológico

Moraes, Antônio Bento Alves de; Ambrosano, Gláucia Maria Bovi; Possobon, Rosana de Fátima; Costa Júnior, Áderson Luiz
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.66%
ABSTRACT: Fear frequently interferes with dental treatment procedures, producing delays and poor technical quality results. Patients exhibit avoidance and escape behaviors that may be related to aversive childhood experiences in dental treatment situations. The aim of this study was to identify the most frequent children's fears, including dental ones, using an adaptation of the FSSC-R. This instrument was used to assess 549 children divided in three groups: (G1) private school children, (G2) public school children and (G3) public school children who were surveyed during dental treatment. Results indicated higher dental fear scores for females when compared with male children. Considering all groups studied, "injection" was the 5th higher fear for the group G3, 8th for the group G1 and 14th for the group G2. Family relationship items such as "parents fighting", "parents yelling at you", "hearing my parents argue", were considered frequent fears, suggesting that family conflicts may contribute to children's emotional problems. _______________________________________________________________________________ RESUMO; O medo de dentista pode aumentar a duração do tratamento odontológico e produzir resultados aquém do esperado. As crianças exibem comportamentos de fuga ou esquiva que podem estar relacionadas à situação de tratamento odontológico. Este estudo investigou as principais fontes de medo...

Parents' perception of children's fear: from FSSC-IT to FSSC-PP

Salcuni, Silvia; Dazzi, Carla; Mannarini, Stefania; Di Riso, Daniela; Delvecchio, Elisa
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 12/08/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.81%
Studies involving parents' reports about children's fears and multiple informant comparisons are less extended than investigations on children's self-reporting fear schedules. Starting with the Italian version of FSSC-R, the FSSC-IT, the main aims of this study were to adapt a schedule for parents' perception of their children's fear: the FSSC-Parent Perception. Its psychometric properties were examined in a large sample of parents (N = 2970) of children aged 8–10 years. Exploratory and confirmatory factorial structures were examined and compared with the Italian children's ones. Mother vs. father, children's gender and school age group effects were analyzed. The confirmatory factor analysis confirmed a four correlated factors solution model (Fear of Danger and Death; Fear of Injury and Animals; Fear of Failure and Criticism; Fear of the unknown and Phobic aspects). Some effects related to child gender, age group, mother vs. father, were found. The FSSC-PP properties supported its use by parents to assess their children's fears. A qualitative analysis of the top 10 fears most endorsed by parents will be presented and compared with children's fears. Clinical implications about the quality of parent-child relationships where discussed...

Negative correlation between phospholipase and esterase activity produced by Fusarium isolates

Ishida, K.; Alviano, D.S.; Silva, B.G.; Guerra, C.R.; Costa, A.S.; Nucci, M.; Alviano, C.S.; Rozental, S.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/03/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.05%
Fusarium species have emerged as one of the more outstanding groups of clinically important filamentous fungi, causing localized and life-threatening invasive infections with high morbidity and mortality. The ability to produce different types of hydrolytic enzymes is thought to be an important virulence mechanism of fungal pathogens and could be associated with the environment of the microorganism. Here, we have measured the production of two distinct lipolytic enzymes, phospholipase and esterase, by sixteen Fusarium isolates recovered from the hospital environment, immunocompromised patients' blood cultures, foot interdigital space scrapings from immunocompromised patients, and foot interdigital space scrapings from immunocompetent patients (4 isolates each). Fourteen of these 16 isolates were identified as Fusarium solani species complex (FSSC) and two were identified as F. oxysporum species complex (FOSC). Some relevant genus characteristics were visualized by light and electron microscopy such as curved and multicelled macroconidia with 3 or 4 septa, microconidia, phialides, and abundant chlamydospores. All Fusarium isolates were able to produce esterase and phospholipase under the experimental conditions. However, a negative correlation was observed between these two enzymes...

Molecular Phylogenetic Diversity, Multilocus Haplotype Nomenclature, and In Vitro Antifungal Resistance within the Fusarium solani Species Complex▿

O'Donnell, Kerry; Sutton, Deanna A.; Fothergill, Annette; McCarthy, Dora; Rinaldi, Michael G.; Brandt, Mary E.; Zhang, Ning; Geiser, David M.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Publicador: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.87%
Members of the species-rich Fusarium solani species complex (FSSC) are responsible for approximately two-thirds all fusarioses of humans and other animals. In addition, many economically important phytopathogenic species are nested within this complex. Due to their increasing clinical relevance and because most of the human pathogenic and plant pathogenic FSSC lack Latin binomials, we have extended the multilocus haplotype nomenclatural system introduced in a previous study (D. C. Chang, G. B. Grant, K. O'Donnell, K. A. Wannemuehler, J. Noble-Wang, C. Y. Rao, L. M. Jacobson, C. S. Crowell, R. S. Sneed, F. M. T. Lewis, J. K. Schaffzin, M. A. Kainer, C. A. Genese, E. C. Alfonso, D. B. Jones, A. Srinivasan, S. K. Fridkin, and B. J. Park, JAMA 296:953-963, 2006) to all 34 species within the medically important FSSC clade 3 to facilitate global epidemiological studies. The typing scheme is based on polymorphisms in portions of the following three genes: the internal transcribed spacer region and domains D1 plus D2 of the nuclear large-subunit rRNA, the translation elongation factor 1 alpha gene (EF-1α), and the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II gene (RPB2). Of the 251 isolates subjected to multilocus DNA sequence typing, 191 sequence types were differentiated...

Fear assessment in brazilian children: the relevance of dental fear

Moraes,Antonio Bento Alves de; Ambrosano,Gláucia Maria Bovi; Possobon,Rosana de Fátima; Costa Junior,Áderson Luiz
Fonte: Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Instituto de Psicologia, Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.45%
Fear frequently interferes with dental treatment procedures, producing delays and poor technical quality results. Patients exhibit avoidance and escape behaviors that may be related to aversive childhood experiences in dental treatment situations. The aim of this study was to identify the most frequent children's fears, including dental ones, using an adaptation of the FSSC-R. This instrument was used to assess 549 children divided in three groups: (G1) private school children, (G2) public school children and (G3) public school children who were surveyed during dental treatment. Results indicated higher dental fear scores for females when compared with male children. Considering all groups studied, "injection" was the 5th higher fear for the group G3, 8th for the group G1 and 14th for the group G2. Family relationship items such as "parents fighting", "parents yelling at you", "hearing my parents argue", were considered frequent fears, suggesting that family conflicts may contribute to children's emotional problems.