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Comportamento cardiorrespiratório em crianças saudáveis durante o exercício progressivo máximo; Cardiorespiratory responses during progressive maximal exercise test in healthy children; Comportamiento cardiorrespiratorio en niños saludables durante el ejercicio progresivo máximo

Prado, Danilo Marcelo Leite do; Braga, Ana Maria Fonseca Wanderley; Rondon, Maria Urbana Pinto; Azevedo, Luciene Ferreira; Matos, Luciana D. N. J.; Negrão, Carlos Eduardo; Trombetta, Ivani Credidio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
FUNDAMENTO: Pouco se sabe sobre a resposta cardiorrespiratória e metabólica em crianças saudáveis durante teste de esforço progressivo máximo. OBJETIVO: Testar a hipótese de que as crianças apresentam respostas diferentes nos parâmetros cardiorrespiratórios e metabólicos durante teste de esforço progressivo máximo em comparação aos adultos. MÉTODOS: Vinte e cinco crianças saudáveis (sexo, 15M/10F; idade, 10,2 ± 0,2) e 20 adultos saudáveis (sexo, 11M/9F; idade, 27,5 ± 0,4) foram submetidos a um teste cardiopulmonar progressivo em esteira ergométrica até a exaustão para determinar a capacidade aeróbia máxima e limiar anaeróbio ventilatório (LAV). RESULTADOS: A carga de pico (5,9 ± 0,1 vs 5,6 ± 0,1 mph, respectivamente; p > 0,05), tempo de exercício (9,8 ± 0,4 vs 10,2 ± 0,4 min, respectivamente, p > 0,05), e aptidão cardiorrespiratória (VO2pico, 39,4 ± 2,1 vs 39,1 ± 2,0 ml.kg-1.min-1, respectivamente, p > 0,05) foram semelhantes em crianças e adultos. No limiar anaeróbio ventilatório, a frequência cardíaca, VO2 ml.kg-1.min-1, a frequência respiratória (FR), o espaço morto funcional estimado (VD/VT), o equivalente ventilatório de oxigênio (VE/VO2) e a pressão expiratória final do oxigênio (PETO2) foram maiores nas crianças...

Recuperação da freqüência cardíaca após teste de esforço em esteira ergométrica e variabilidade da freqüência cardíaca em 24 horas em indivíduos sadios; Heart rate recovery after treadmill electrocardiographic exercise stress test and 24-hour heart rate variability in healthy individuals

ANTELMI, Ivana; CHUANG, Eliseu Yung; GRUPI, Cesar José; LATORRE, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira; MANSUR, Alfredo José
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
FUNDAMENTO: A recuperação da freqüência cardíaca após o eletrocardiograma de esforço em esteira ergométrica é modulada pelo sistema nervoso autônomo. A análise da variabilidade da freqüência cardíaca (VFC) pode fornecer informações valiosas sobre o controle do sistema nervoso autônomo sobre o sistema cardiovascular. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi testar a hipótese de associação entre a recuperação da freqüência cardíaca após teste de esforço em esteira ergométrica e a variabilidade da freqüência cardíaca. MÉTODOS: Foram estudamos 485 indivíduos sem evidência de cardiopatia com média de idade de 42± 12,1 (faixa etária de 15 a 82) anos, 281 (57.9%) dos quais do sexo feminino, submetidos a um teste de esforço em esteira ergométrica e avaliação da VFC nos domínios do tempo (SDNN, SDANN, SDNNi, rMSSD e pNN50) e da freqüência (LF, HF, VLF e razão LF/HF) durante monitoramento eletrocardiográfico ambulatorial de 24 horas. RESULTADOS: A recuperação da freqüência cardíaca foi de 30 ± 12 batimentos no 1º minuto e 52± 13 batimentos no 2º minuto após o exercício. Os indivíduos mais jovens de recuperaram mais rápido do 2º ao 5º minuto após o exercício (r = 0,19-0,35, P < 0,05). As mulheres se recuperaram mais rápido que os homens (4 ± 1...

Respostas cardiovasculares ao teste ergométrico em indivíduos com claudicação intermitente; Cardiovascular responses to an exercise test in subjects with intermittent claudication

CUCATO, Gabriel Grizzo; RODRIGUES, Lausanne Barreto de Carvalho Cahú; FARAH, Breno Quintella; LINS FILHO, Ozéas de Lima; RODRIGUES, Sergio Luiz Cahú; FORJAZ, Claudia Lúcia de Moraes; MARUCCI, Maria de Fátima Nunes; DIAS, Raphael Mendes Ritti
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
Estudos sugerem que pacientes com claudicação intermitente (CI) apresentam respostas hemodinâmicas alteradas durante o teste ergométrico. Contudo, o impacto da severidade da doença nessas respostas ainda não está claro. Em vista disso, o presente estudo analisou o impacto da severidade dos sintomas de CI nas respostas cardiovasculares ao teste de esforço, em indivíduos com doença arterial obstrutiva periférica. Participaram do estudo 47 sujeitos com CI. Foi realizado teste ergométrico em esteira, utilizando protocolo específico para essa população. A amostra foi dividida em três grupos de acordo com a distância obtida no teste de esforço em: 1º tercil, caminhavam entre 210 e 420 metros; 2º tercil, caminhavam entre 450 e 700 metros; e 3º tercil, caminhavam entre 740 e 1060 metros. A pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD), a frequência cardíaca (FC) e o duplo produto (DP) foram obtidos em repouso, no primeiro estágio e no pico de esforço. Nos três tercis, a PAS e a PAD aumentaram significantemente ao longo do teste ergométrico. Nos três tercis, a FC e o DP aumentaram significantemente ao longo do teste e as respostas no 1º tercil foram mais acentuadas que nos demais tercis. Todavia, no pico de esforço...

Effect of continuous and interval exercise training on the PETCO2 response during a graded exercise test in patients with coronary artery disease

Rocco, Eneas A.; Prado, Danilo Marcelo Leite do; Silva, Alexandre G.; Lazzari, Jaqueline M. A.; Bortz, Pedro C.; Rocco, Debora F. M.; Rosa, Carla G.; Furlan, Valter
Fonte: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SÃO PAULO; SÃO PAULO Publicador: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SÃO PAULO; SÃO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the following: 1) the effects of continuous exercise training and interval exercise training on the end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure (PETCO2) response during a graded exercise test in patients with coronary artery disease; and 2) the effects of exercise training modalities on the association between PETCO2 at the ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) and indicators of ventilatory efficiency and cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients (59.7 +/- 1.7 years) with coronary artery disease were randomly divided into two groups: continuous exercise training (n = 20) and interval exercise training (n = 17). All patients performed a graded exercise test with respiratory gas analysis before and after three months of the exercise training program to determine the VAT, respiratory compensation point (RCP) and peak oxygen consumption. RESULTS: After the interventions, both groups exhibited increased cardiorespiratory fitness. Indeed, the continuous exercise and interval exercise training groups demonstrated increases in both ventilatory efficiency and PETCO2 values at VAT, RCP, and peak of exercise. Significant associations were observed in both groups: 1) continuous exercise training (PETCO(2)VAT and cardiorespiratory fitness r = 0.49; PETCO(2)VAT and ventilatory efficiency r = -0.80) and 2) interval exercise training (PETCO(2)VAT and cardiorespiratory fitness r = 0.39; PETCO(2)VAT and ventilatory efficiency r = -0.45). CONCLUSIONS: Both exercise training modalities showed similar increases in PETCO2 levels during a graded exercise test in patients with coronary artery disease...

Teste ergoespirométrico máximo em cicloergômetro. Estudo da resposta dos parâmetros de transporte de oxigênio em relação à rampa de potência aplicada em pessoas saudáveis e coronariopatas; Maximum cardiopulmonary exercise testo n a cycle ergometer. Study of oxygen transport parameters in relation to the applied power ramp in coronary heart disease and healthy people.

Costa, Daniela Caetano
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/04/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.28%
Introdução: O Teste Ergoespirométrico (TEE) tem mudado profundamente a abordagem da avaliação funcional, relacionando aptidão física e parâmetros fisiológicos ao substrato metabólico subjacente, e fornecendo descritores de capacidade de esforço altamente reprodutíveis. A elaboração de uma fórmula para cálculo do incremento de carga em um TEE incremental do tipo rampa por Wasserman e colaboradores representou um grande auxílio na escolha da intensidade mais adequada para otimizar a qualidade do teste e respeitar a recomendação de tempo de duração do teste (10 ± 2 minutos). Em muitos casos, apenas a estimativa do incremento de potência pela fórmula, baseada em características antropométricas e direcionada a indivíduos saudáveis sedentários, acaba subestimando ou superestimando a real capacidade funcional do indivíduo ou paciente. Características marcantes do estado de saúde (boa aptidão física, atleta, treinados), assim como do estado de doença (insuficiência cardíaca crônica, infarto do miocárdio, doença arterial coronária) interferem diretamente no desempenho e homeostase dos sistemas pulmonar, cardiovascular e músculo-esquelético. Objetivo: Os objetivos desse trabalho foram investigar o comportamento das variáveis ventilatórias e suas correlações nas distintas fases de um protocolo de esforço incremental do tipo rampa...

Resposta cardiovascular ao teste ergométrico e a capacidade vasodilatadora periférica quanto a polimorfismos genéticos da enzima sintetase do óxido nítrico endotelial e dos receptores alfa-adrenérgicos; Cardiovascular responses during treadmill exercise test, peripheral vasodilatation and genetic polymorphisms of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and alpha-adrenergic receptors

Nunes, Rafael Amorim Belo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/03/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
Introdução: O desempenho cardiovascular durante o teste ergométrico varia entre indivíduos sem doença cardiovascular estabelecida. As variáveis que influenciam estas diferenças interindividuais na resposta ao exercício podem estar associadas à saúde cardiovascular. Formulamos a hipótese de que a resposta cardiovascular ao teste ergométrico possa variar quanto à capacidade de vasodilatação periférica e que ambas possam ser influenciadas por polimorfismos genéticos da enzima sintetase do óxido nítrico endotelial, dos receptores alfaadrenérgicos e do receptor B2 da bradicinina. Objetivos: 1 - Estudar as associações entre variáveis da resposta cardiovascular ao teste ergométrico e a vasodilatação muscular do antebraço em homens e mulheres sem doença cardiovascular estabelecida; 2 - Estudar as associações de variáveis da resposta cardiovascular ao teste ergométrico e da vasodilatação muscular do antebraço com polimorfismos genéticos da enzima sintetase do óxido nítrico endotelial, dos receptores alfa-adrenérgicos e do receptor B2 da bradicinina. Métodos: Seiscentos e oitenta e nove indivíduos de ambos os sexos, sem doença cardiovascular estabelecida, submetidos à avaliação médica cardiológica. O teste ergométrico foi realizado em esteira rolante e limitado por sintomas. A resposta cardiovascular ao teste ergométrico foi representada pelas seguintes variáveis: capacidade de exercício...

Avaliação do impacto de um programa de reabilitação pulmonar na capacidade de exercício em portadoras de linfangioleiomiomatose; Evaluation of the impact of a pulmonary rehabilitation program on exercise capacity in patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis

Araujo, Mariana Sponholz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/06/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.18%
Introdução: A linfangioleiomiomatose (LAM) é uma neoplasia de baixo grau, frequentemente associada à redução na capacidade de exercício, secundária a múltiplos fatores incluindo alteração de troca gasosa, limitação ventilatória e hiperinsuflação dinâmica (HD). A reabilitação pulmonar (RP) tem benefícios bem estabelecidos em diversas doenças pulmonares crônicas, porém não foi estudada na LAM. Objetivos: Avaliar o impacto de um programa de RP, comparativamente a um grupo controle, em portadoras de LAM, nos seguintes parâmetros: capacidade de exercício (objetivo primário), HD, dispneia, nível de atividade física diária, qualidade de vida, ansiedade e depressão, função pulmonar e força muscular. Metodologia: Ensaio clínico, controlado, não-randomizado, incluindo 21 pacientes com LAM no grupo RP e 19 no grupo controle. A RP teve duração de 3 meses, compreendendo 24 sessões de uma hora de duração (30 minutos de exercício aeróbico e 30 minutos de treinamento de força muscular). A avaliação inicial incluiu um teste de exercício cardiopulmonar (TECP) máximo incremental. As seguintes variáveis foram avaliadas antes e após a RP ou observação (grupo controle): capacidade de exercício, através do tempo até o limite da tolerância (Tlim) no teste de exercício cardiopulmonar (TECP) com carga constante; distância percorrida e dessaturação de oxigênio no teste de caminhada de 6 minutos (TC6M); dispneia (escala de dispneia do Medical Research Council modificada - mMRC...

Safety, feasibility, and results of exercise testing for stratifying patients with chest pain in the emergency room

Macaciel,Renato Machado; Mesquita,Evandro Tinoco; Vivacqua,Ricardo; Serra,Salvador; Campos,Augusta; Miranda,Marcelo; Gamarski,Roberto; Dohman,Hans; Bassan,Roberto
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
OBJECTIVE: To assess safety, feasibility, and the results of early exercise testing in patients with chest pain admitted to the emergency room of the chest pain unit, in whom acute myocardial infarction and high-risk unstable angina had been ruled out. METHODS: A study including 1060 consecutive patients with chest pain admitted to the emergency room of the chest pain unit was carried out. Of them, 677 (64%) patients were eligible for exercise testing, but only 268 (40%) underwent the test. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients studied was 51.7±12.1 years, and 188 (70%) were males. Twenty-eight (10%) patients had a previous history of coronary artery disease, 244 (91%) had a normal or unspecific electrocardiogram, and 150 (56%) underwent exercise testing within a 12-hour interval. The results of the exercise test in the latter group were as follows: 34 (13%) were positive, 191 (71%) were negative, and 43 (16%) were inconclusive. In the group of patients with a positive exercise test, 21 (62%) underwent coronary angiography, 11 underwent angioplasty, and 2 underwent myocardial revascularization. In a univariate analysis, type A/B chest pain (definitely/probably anginal) (p<0.0001), previous coronary artery disease (p<0.0001), and route 2 (patients at higher risk) correlated with a positive or inconclusive test (p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: In patients with chest pain and in whom acute myocardial infarction and high-risk unstable angina had been ruled out...

Physical Stress Echocardiography: Prediction of Mortality and Cardiac Events in Patients with Exercise Test showing Ischemia

Araujo,Ana Carla Pereira de; Santos,Bruno F. de Oliveira; Calasans,Flavia Ricci; Pinto,Ibraim M. Francisco; Oliveira,Daniel Pio de; Melo,Luiza Dantas; Andrade,Stephanie Macedo; Tavares,Irlaneide da Silva; Sousa,Antonio Carlos Sobral; Oliveira,Joselina Luz
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
Background: Studies have demonstrated the diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of physical stress echocardiography in coronary artery disease. However, the prediction of mortality and major cardiac events in patients with exercise test positive for myocardial ischemia is limited. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of physical stress echocardiography in the prediction of mortality and major cardiac events in patients with exercise test positive for myocardial ischemia. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort in which 866 consecutive patients with exercise test positive for myocardial ischemia, and who underwent physical stress echocardiography were studied. Patients were divided into two groups: with physical stress echocardiography negative (G1) or positive (G2) for myocardial ischemia. The endpoints analyzed were all-cause mortality and major cardiac events, defined as cardiac death and non-fatal acute myocardial infarction. Results: G2 comprised 205 patients (23.7%). During the mean 85.6 ± 15.0-month follow-up, there were 26 deaths, of which six were cardiac deaths, and 25 non-fatal myocardial infarction cases. The independent predictors of mortality were: age, diabetes mellitus, and positive physical stress echocardiography (hazard ratio: 2.69; 95% confidence interval: 1.20 - 6.01; p = 0.016). The independent predictors of major cardiac events were: age...

4-Second Exercise Test: Reference Values for Ages 18–81 Years

Araújo,Claudio Gil; Castro,Claudia Lucia Barros de; Franca,João Felipe; Ramos,Plínio Santos
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.06%
Background: Physiological reflexes modulated primarily by the vagus nerve allow the heart to decelerate and accelerate rapidly after a deep inspiration followed by rapid movement of the limbs. This is the physiological and pharmacologically validated basis for the 4-s exercise test (4sET) used to assess the vagal modulation of cardiac chronotropism. Objective: To present reference data for 4sET in healthy adults. Methods: After applying strict clinical inclusion/exclusion criteria, 1,605 healthy adults (61% men) aged between 18 and 81 years subjected to 4sET were evaluated between 1994 and 2014. Using 4sET, the cardiac vagal index (CVI) was obtained by calculating the ratio between the duration of two RR intervals in the electrocardiogram: 1) after a 4-s rapid and deep breath and immediately before pedaling and 2) at the end of a rapid and resistance-free 4-s pedaling exercise. Results: CVI varied inversely with age (r = -0.33, p < 0.01), and the intercepts and slopes of the linear regressions between CVI and age were similar for men and women (p > 0.05). Considering the heteroscedasticity and the asymmetry of the distribution of the CVI values according to age, we chose to express the reference values in percentiles for eight age groups (years): 18–30...

Subacute effects of a maximal exercise bout on endothelium-mediated vasodilation in healthy subjects

Bousquet-Santos,K.; Soares,P.P.S.; Nóbrega,A.C.L.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.17%
We evaluated vascular reactivity after a maximal exercise test in order to determine whether the effect of exercise on the circulation persists even after interruption of the exercise. Eleven healthy sedentary volunteers (six women, age 28 ± 5 years) were evaluated before and after (10, 60, and 120 min) a maximal exercise test on a treadmill. Forearm blood flow (FBF) was measured by venous occlusion plethysmography before and during reactive hyperemia (RH). Baseline FBF, analyzed by the area under the curve, increased only at 10 min after exercise (P = 0.01). FBF in response to RH increased both at 10 and 60 min vs baseline (P = 0.004). Total excess flow for RH above baseline showed that vascular reactivity was increased up to 60 min after exercise (mean ± SEM, before: 526.4 ± 48.8; 10 min: 1053.0 ± 168.2; 60 min: 659.4 ± 44.1 ml 100 ml-1 min-1 . s; P = 0.01 and 0.02, respectively, vs before exercise). The changes in FBF were due to increased vascular conductance since mean arterial blood pressure did not change. In a time control group (N = 5, 34 ± 3 years, three women) that did not exercise, FBF and RH did not change significantly (P = 0.07 and 0.7, respectively). These results suggest that the increased vascular reactivity caused by chronic exercise may result...

Exercise may cause myocardial ischemia at the anaerobic threshold in cardiac rehabilitation programs

Fuchs,A.R.C.N.; Meneghelo,R.S.; Stefanini,E.; De Paola,A.V.; Smanio,P.E.P.; Mastrocolla,L.E.; Ferraz,A.S.; Buglia,S.; Piegas,L.S.; Carvalho,A.A.C.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
Myocardial ischemia may occur during an exercise session in cardiac rehabilitation programs. However, it has not been established whether it is elicited when exercise prescription is based on heart rate corresponding to the anaerobic threshold as measured by cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Our objective was to determine the incidence of myocardial ischemia in cardiac rehabilitation programs according to myocardial perfusion SPECT in exercise programs based on the anaerobic threshold. Thirty-nine patients (35 men and 4 women) diagnosed with coronary artery disease by coronary angiography and stress technetium-99m-sestamibi gated SPECT associated with a baseline cardiopulmonary exercise test were assessed. Ages ranged from 45 to 75 years. A second cardiopulmonary exercise test determined training intensity at the anaerobic threshold. Repeat gated-SPECT was obtained after a third cardiopulmonary exercise test at the prescribed workload and heart rate. Myocardial perfusion images were analyzed using a score system of 6.4 at rest, 13.9 at peak stress, and 10.7 during the prescribed exercise (P < 0.05). The presence of myocardial ischemia during exercise was defined as a difference ≥2 between the summed stress score and summed rest score. Accordingly...

Metabolic and clinical comparative analysis of treadmill six-minute walking test and cardiopulmonary exercise testing in obese and eutrophic women

Di Thommazo-Luporini,Luciana; Jürgensen,Soraia P.; Castello-Simões,Viviane; Catai,Aparecida M.; Arena,Ross; Borghi-Silva,Audrey
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
BACKGROUND: Impaired exercise tolerance is directly linked to decreased functional capacity as a consequence of obesity. OBJECTIVES: To analyze and compare the cardiopulmonary, metabolic, and perceptual responses during a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPX) and a treadmill six-minute walking test (tread6MWT) in obese and eutrophic women. METHOD: Twenty-nine female participants, aged 20-45 years were included. Fourteen were allocated to the obese group and 15 to the eutrophic group. Anthropometric measurements and body composition assessment were performed. RESULTS: In both tests, obese women presented with significantly higher absolute oxygen uptake, minute ventilation, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure; they also presented with lower speed, distance walked, and oxygen uptake corrected by the weight compared to eutrophics. During the maximal exercise test, perceived dyspnea was greater and the respiratory exchange ratio was lower in obese subjects compared to eutrophics. During the submaximal test, carbon dioxide production, tidal volume, and heart rate were higher in obese subjects compared to eutrophic women. When analyzing possible correlations between the CPX and the tread6MWT at peak, there was a strong correlation for the variable heart rate and a moderate correlation for the variable oxygen uptake. The heart rate obtained in the submaximal test was able to predict the one obtained in the maximal test. Bland-Altman plots demonstrated the agreement between both tests to identify metabolic and physiological parameters at peak exercise. CONCLUSIONS: The six-minute walking test induced ventilatory...

Effect of continuous and interval exercise training on the PETCO2 response during a graded exercise test in patients with coronary artery disease

Rocco,Enéas A.; Prado,Danilo M. L.; Silva,Alexandre G.; Lazzari,Jaqueline M. A.; Bortz,Pedro C.; Rocco,Débora F. M.; Rosa,Carla G.; Furlan,Valter
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the following: 1) the effects of continuous exercise training and interval exercise training on the end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure (PETCO2) response during a graded exercise test in patients with coronary artery disease; and 2) the effects of exercise training modalities on the association between PETCO2 at the ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) and indicators of ventilatory efficiency and cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients (59.7 + 1.7 years) with coronary artery disease were randomly divided into two groups: continuous exercise training (n = 20) and interval exercise training (n = 17). All patients performed a graded exercise test with respiratory gas analysis before and after three months of the exercise training program to determine the VAT, respiratory compensation point (RCP) and peak oxygen consumption. RESULTS: After the interventions, both groups exhibited increased cardiorespiratory fitness. Indeed, the continuous exercise and interval exercise training groups demonstrated increases in both ventilatory efficiency and PETCO2 values at VAT, RCP, and peak of exercise. Significant associations were observed in both groups: 1) continuous exercise training (PETCO2VAT and cardiorespiratory fitness r = 0.49; PETCO2VAT and ventilatory efficiency r = -0.80) and 2) interval exercise training (PETCO2VAT and cardiorespiratory fitness r = 0.39; PETCO2VAT and ventilatory efficiency r = -0.45). CONCLUSIONS: Both exercise training modalities showed similar increases in PETCO2 levels during a graded exercise test in patients with coronary artery disease...

4-Second Exercise Test: Reference Values for Ages 18–81 Years

Araújo,Claudio Gil; Castro,Claudia Lucia Barros de; Franca,João Felipe; Ramos,Plínio Santos
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.06%
Background: Physiological reflexes modulated primarily by the vagus nerve allow the heart to decelerate and accelerate rapidly after a deep inspiration followed by rapid movement of the limbs. This is the physiological and pharmacologically validated basis for the 4-s exercise test (4sET) used to assess the vagal modulation of cardiac chronotropism. Objective: To present reference data for 4sET in healthy adults. Methods: After applying strict clinical inclusion/exclusion criteria, 1,605 healthy adults (61% men) aged between 18 and 81 years subjected to 4sET were evaluated between 1994 and 2014. Using 4sET, the cardiac vagal index (CVI) was obtained by calculating the ratio between the duration of two RR intervals in the electrocardiogram: 1) after a 4-s rapid and deep breath and immediately before pedaling and 2) at the end of a rapid and resistance-free 4-s pedaling exercise. Results: CVI varied inversely with age (r = -0.33, p < 0.01), and the intercepts and slopes of the linear regressions between CVI and age were similar for men and women (p > 0.05). Considering the heteroscedasticity and the asymmetry of the distribution of the CVI values according to age, we chose to express the reference values in percentiles for eight age groups (years): 18–30...

Use of the Wasserman equation in optimization of the duration of the power ramp in a cardiopulmonary exercise test: a study of Brazilian men

Costa,D. C.; Santi,G. L. de; Crescêncio,J. C.; Seabra,L. P.; Carvalho,E. E. V.; Papa,V.; Marques,F.; Gallo Junior,L.; Schmidt,A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.06%
This study aimed to analyze the agreement between measurements of unloaded oxygen uptake and peak oxygen uptake based on equations proposed by Wasserman and on real measurements directly obtained with the ergospirometry system. We performed an incremental cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET), which was applied to two groups of sedentary male subjects: one apparently healthy group (HG, n=12) and the other had stable coronary artery disease (n=16). The mean age in the HG was 47±4 years and that in the coronary artery disease group (CG) was 57±8 years. Both groups performed CPET on a cycle ergometer with a ramp-type protocol at an intensity that was calculated according to the Wasserman equation. In the HG, there was no significant difference between measurements predicted by the formula and real measurements obtained in CPET in the unloaded condition. However, at peak effort, a significant difference was observed between oxygen uptake (V˙O2)peak(predicted)and V˙O2peak(real)(nonparametric Wilcoxon test). In the CG, there was a significant difference of 116.26 mL/min between the predicted values by the formula and the real values obtained in the unloaded condition. A significant difference in peak effort was found, where V˙O2peak(real)was 40% lower than V˙O2peak(predicted)(nonparametric Wilcoxon test). There was no agreement between the real and predicted measurements as analyzed by Lin’s coefficient or the Bland and Altman model. The Wasserman formula does not appear to be appropriate for prediction of functional capacity of volunteers. Therefore...

Assessment of the exercise tests used during overground endoscopy in UK Thoroughbred racehorses and how these may affect the diagnosis of dynamic upper respiratory tract obstructions

Allen, K.; Franklin, S.
Fonte: Equine Veterinary Journal Ltd Publicador: Equine Veterinary Journal Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.25%
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Overground endoscopy is being performed with increasing frequency in the UK. A previous study has shown that the type of exercise test may affect the diagnosis of upper respiratory tract (URT) obstructions. The successful clinical application of overground endoscopy systems requires understanding of appropriate field exercise testing protocols. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report the exercise test parameters used during overground endoscopy in UK Thoroughbred racehorses and to investigate potential effects of these on the diagnosis of URT obstructions. METHODS: The exercise test parameters used and the endoscopic observations of the URT during exercise were recorded for 140 Thoroughbred racehorses referred for the investigation of abnormal respiratory noise and/or poor athletic performance. RESULTS: The exercise test parameters varied widely between horses. The presenting complaint was easiest to reproduce in horses with a history of abnormal noise in training and hardest to reproduce in those referred for investigation of poor performance with no abnormal noise. No associations between the presence or not of an URT obstruction and exercise test parameters was identified. For horses referred for abnormal noise during racing DDSP was more likely to be observed when longer distances were performed. CONCLUSIONS: It is difficult to standardise exercise tests in the field when multiple premises are used and when training gallops differ markedly to racecourses. It was not possible to establish exercise test protocols which should be used for all Thoroughbred racehorses. Therefore...

Capacidade funcional de indivíduos com insuficiência cardíaca avaliada pelo teste de esforço cardiopulmonar e classificação da New York Heart Association; Functional capacity of heart failure patients evaluated by cardiopulmonary exercise test and New York Heart Association class

Pereira, Danielle Aparecida Gomes; Rodrigues, Roseane Santo; Samora, Giane Amorim Ribeiro; Lage, Susan Martins; Alencar, Maria Clara Nomam; Parreira, Verônica Franco; Britto, Raquel Rodrigues
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the capacity of the New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification to discriminate heart failure (HF) individuals classes II and III using cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) variables. Seventeen patients class II (age 44.47±10.11 years; ejection fraction 32.11±10.37%) and 15 class III (age 46.73±8.74 years; ejection fraction 30.46±10.23%) of NYHA participated in this study. They did a maximal CPET in a treadmill ergometer. According to the distribution of data, correlation of Pearson or Spearman was performed and, to compare the functional classes of NYHA, the Student's t-test was used. Significant correlations (p; O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a capacidade discriminativa da classificação da New York Heart Association (NYHA) em indivíduos com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) classes II e III por meio de variáveis do teste de esforço cardiopulmonar (TECP). Participaram do estudo 17 pessoas com IC classe II (44,47±10,11 anos; fração de ejeção ventricular 32,11±10,37%) e 15 classe III (46,73±8,74 anos; fração de ejeção ventricular 30,46±10,23%) da NYHA que realizaram TECP máximo em esteira ergométrica. De acordo com a distribuição dos dados, houve correlação de Pearson ou Spearman e...

Effect of continuous and interval exercise training on the PETCO2 response during a graded exercise test in patients with coronary artery disease

Rocco, Enéas A.; Prado, Danilo M. L.; Silva, Alexandre G.; Lazzari, Jaqueline M. A.; Bortz, Pedro C.; Rocco, Débora F. M.; Rosa, Carla G.; Furlan, Valter
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the following: 1) the effects of continuous exercise training and interval exercise training on the end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure (PETCO2) response during a graded exercise test in patients with coronary artery disease; and 2) the effects of exercise training modalities on the association between PETCO2 at the ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) and indicators of ventilatory efficiency and cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients (59.7 + 1.7 years) with coronary artery disease were randomly divided into two groups: continuous exercise training (n = 20) and interval exercise training (n = 17). All patients performed a graded exercise test with respiratory gas analysis before and after three months of the exercise training program to determine the VAT, respiratory compensation point (RCP) and peak oxygen consumption. RESULTS: After the interventions, both groups exhibited increased cardiorespiratory fitness. Indeed, the continuous exercise and interval exercise training groups demonstrated increases in both ventilatory efficiency and PETCO2 values at VAT, RCP, and peak of exercise. Significant associations were observed in both groups: 1) continuous exercise training (PETCO2VAT and cardiorespiratory fitness r = 0.49; PETCO2VAT and ventilatory efficiency r = -0.80) and 2) interval exercise training (PETCO2VAT and cardiorespiratory fitness r = 0.39; PETCO2VAT and ventilatory efficiency r = -0.45). CONCLUSIONS: Both exercise training modalities showed similar increases in PETCO2 levels during a graded exercise test in patients with coronary artery disease...

Respostas cardiovasculares ao teste ergométrico em indivíduos com claudicação intermitente. DOI: 10.5007/1980-0037.2011v13n3p208; Cardiovascular responses to an exercise test in subjects with intermittent claudication. DOI: 10.5007/1980-0037.2011v13n3p208

Cucato, Gabriel Grizzo; Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Educação Física e Esportes. São Paulo, SP. Brazil.; Rodrigues, Lausanne Barreto de Carvalho Cahú; Universidade de Pernambuco. Escola de Educação Física e Esportes. Recife, PB. Brazil.;
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; "Avaliado por Pares",; ; Avaliado por Pares; Pesquisa de campo Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/04/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
Estudos sugerem que pacientes com claudicação intermitente (CI) apresentam respostas hemodinâmicas alteradas durante o teste ergométrico. Contudo, o impacto da severidade da doença nessas respostas ainda não está claro. Em vista disso, o presente es-tudo analisou o impacto da severidade dos sintomas de CI nas respostas cardiovasculares ao teste de esforço, em indivíduos com doença arterial obstrutiva periférica. Participaram do estudo 47 sujeitos com CI. Foi realizado teste ergométrico em esteira, utilizando proto-colo específico para essa população. A amostra foi dividida em três grupos de acordo com a distância obtida no teste de esforço em: 1º tercil, caminhavam entre 210 e 420 metros; 2º tercil, caminhavam entre 450 e 700 metros; e 3º tercil, caminhavam entre 740 e 1060 metros. A pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD), a frequência cardíaca (FC) e o duplo produto (DP) foram obtidos em repouso, no primeiro estágio e no pico de esforço. Nos três tercis, a PAS e a PAD aumentaram significantemente ao longo do teste ergomé-trico. Nos três tercis, a FC e o DP aumentaram significantemente ao longo do teste e as respostas no 1º tercil foram mais acentuadas que nos demais tercis. Todavia, no pico de esforço...