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As provas não repetíveis no processo penal brasileiro; The non-repeatable evidence in criminal process

Brentel, Camilla
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.93%
O Código de Processo Penal brasileiro foi alterado em 2008 em decorrência da promulgação de algumas Leis Ordinárias. Uma delas (nº 11.690) prescreveu a modificação do artigo 155, a fim de regulamentar a aceitação de provas não repetíveis (e outras produzidas durante as investigações) para o convencimento do julgador. No entanto, como o legislador não atribuiu significado às provas não repetíveis, tampouco teceu esclarecimentos a respeito do modo como tais provas seriam compatibilizadas com o princípio constitucional do contraditório, há muitas incertezas sobre a disposição, que tem sido objeto de discussão pela comunidade jurídica. O silêncio do legislador impediu o desenvolvimento de uma regulação eficiente sobre o assunto. Com o objetivo de contribuir para as atuais discussões, propomos uma análise comparativa da doutrina sobre provas não repetíveis utilizada na Itália, país que serviu de inspiração à criação da norma brasileira. Por meio deste estudo, pretendemos: (i) clarificar o conceito de provas não repetíveis; (ii) analisar a interação do conceito de provas não repetíveis com outras provas produzidas durante as investigações; (iii) alcançar a compreensão do tratamento normativo e doutrinário das provas não repetíveis nos processos penais brasileiro e italiano; e (iv) refletir...

Provas digitais no processo penal: formulação do conceito, definição das características e sistematização do procedimento probatório; Digital evidence in the criminal procedure: definition of concept, characteristics and systematization of the evidenciary procedure

Vaz, Denise Provasi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/05/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.94%
O desenvolvimento de novas tecnologias e a formação da sociedade da informação, a partir do Século XX, acarretaram novos hábitos pessoais e sociais e transformações no processamento e arquivamento das informações. O tratamento e o registro de fatos e ideias passaram a ser feitos de maneira digital, com o uso de dispositivos eletrônicos que operam no sistema binário. Esse novo panorama trouxe diversos reflexos para o processo penal, principalmente relacionados à prova. Entretanto, a legislação e a jurisprudência não acompanharam o avanço tecnológico, abrindo-se um vazio normativo em matéria de procedimento probatório. Por essa razão, faz-se imprescindível a análise dos aspectos técnicos e sociais em face da teoria da prova, para se buscar conceituar o resultado do desenvolvimento tecnológico, ou seja, a prova digital, com a verificação de sua natureza jurídica e do procedimento probatório adequado para sua utilização no processo penal brasileiro. Assim, o objetivo desta tese é aferir o conceito e a natureza jurídica da prova digital e demonstrar que ela constitui espécie própria de fonte de prova, que, embora assemelhada ao documento, apresenta características peculiares, que demandam regulamentação específica de seu procedimento probatório. A partir do delineamento do conceito...

Strengths and Limitations of Evidence-Based Dermatology

Williams, Hywel C
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
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The need for understanding and reflecting on evidence-based dermatology (EBD) has never been greater given the exponential growth of new external evidence to inform clinical practice. Like any other branch of medicine, dermatologists need to acquire new skills in constructing answerable questions, efficiently searching electronic bibliographic databases, and critically appraising different types of studies. Secondary summaries of evidence in the form of systematic reviews (SR), that is, reviews that are conducted in a systematic, unbiased and explicit manner, reside at the top of the evidence hierarchy, because they are less prone to bias than traditional expert reviews. In addition to providing summaries of the best external evidence, systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are also powerful ways of identifying research gaps and ultimately setting the agenda of future clinical research in dermatology. But like any paradigm, EBD can have its limitations. Wrong application, misuse and overuse of EBD can have serious consequences. For example, mindless pooling together of data from dissimilar studies in a meta-analysis may render it a form of reductionism that does not make any sense. Similarly, even highly protocolised study designs such as SRs and RCTs are still susceptible to some degree of dishonesty and bias. Over-reliance on randomized controlled trials (RCT) may be inappropriate...

Asking clinical questions and searching for the evidence in Evidence-based rehabilitation: a guide to practice; Evidence-based rehabilitation : a guide to practice - 2nd Edition

Lou,JQ; Durando, Paola
Fonte: Slack, Thorofare, NJ Publicador: Slack, Thorofare, NJ
Tipo: Book, Section
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Test; Edited by Mary Law, Joy MacDermid.; Includes bibliographical references and index.; Introduction to evidence-based practice / Mary Law and Joy MacDermid -- Development of evidence-based knowledge / Winnie Dunn and Jill Ball -- Becoming an evidence-based practitioner / Annie McCluskey, Sally Home, and Lauren Thompson -- Incorporating outcomes measures into evidence-based practice / Joy MacDermid and S.L. Michlovitz -- Asking clinical questions and searching for the evidence / Jennie Q. Lou and Paola Durando -- Evaluating the evidence / Mary Law and Joy MacDermid -- Systematically reviewing the evidence / Laura Bradley and Mary Law -- Comparison of forms of evidence : systematic reviews versus clinical practice guidelines, algorithms, and clinical pathways / Joy MacDermid -- Evaluating the evidence : economic evaluations / Diane Watson, Emma Housser, and Maria Mathews -- Strategies to build evidence in practice / Mary Law, Joy MacDermid, and Jessica Telford -- Practice guidelines, algorithms, and clinical pathways / Joy MacDermid and Donna Nicholson -- Communicating evidence to clients, managers, and funders / Linda Tickle-Degnen -- Research dissemination and transfer of knowledge / Mary Law and Joy MacDermid -- A knowledge transfer example : getting the word out : disseminating evidence about children with developmental coordination disorder / Cheryl Missiuna...

Becoming evidence based practitioners: a study of final year occupational therapy, speech and language therapy and physiotherapy students at the University of Limerick

Woods, Fidelma
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis; all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations
ENG
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non-peer-reviewed; Background: Health professionals are urged to use evidence-based practice to make valid decisions to optimise client outcomes and clinical efficiency (Rotter et al 2010). Education and fieldwork placement allows health professional students to develop their evidence-base practice knowledge and skills (Stube and Jedlicka 2007). The majority of evidence-base practice studies, focus on qualified healthcare professionals rather than students. Objectives: This study aims to investigate it final year health professional students, in the University of Limerick, have the perceived knowledge, attitudes and behaviours to become evidence based practitioners. Methods: A descriptive survey, Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviours Questionnaire (Johnson et al 2003) was used to collect quantitative data from a convenience sample of University of Limerick students. Forty-eight final year students responded from occupational therapy (87%, n=20), speech and language therapy (92%, n=22) and physiotherapy (21%, n=6). Data was analysed using the Statistical Packages for Social Science version 20 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, USA, 2007). Results: All students reported a clear understanding of evidence-based practice and (92%, n=44) reported evidence-base practice is a routine part of their learning. Over half (54%...

Evidence Gap Maps : A Tool for Promoting Evidence-Informed Policy and Prioritizing Future Research

Snilstveit, Birte; Vojtkova, Martina; Bhavsar, Ami; Gaarder, Marie
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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Evidence-gap maps present a new addition to the tools available to support evidence-informed policy making. Evidence-gap maps are thematic evidence collections covering a range of issues such as maternal health, HIV/AIDS, and agriculture. They present a visual overview of existing systematic reviews or impact evaluations in a sector or subsector, schematically representing the types of interventions evaluated and outcomes reported. Gap maps enable policy makers and practitioners to explore the findings and quality of the existing evidence and facilitate informed judgment and evidence-based decision making in international development policy and practice. The gap map also identifies key "gaps" where little or no evidence from impact evaluations and systematic reviews is available and where future research should be focused. Thus, gap maps can be a useful tool for developing a strategic approach to building the evidence base in a particular sector. This paper provides an introduction to evidence-gap maps...

Hierarchy of evidence: a framework for ranking evidence evaluating healthcare interventions

Evans, D.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 EN
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• A number of hierarchies of evidence have been developed to enable different research methods to be ranked according to the validity of their findings. However, most have focused on evaluation of the effectiveness of interventions. When the evaluation of healthcare addresses its appropriateness or feasibility, then existing hierarchies are inadequate. • This paper reports the development of a hierarchy for ranking of evidence evaluating healthcare interventions. The aims of this hierarchy are twofold. Firstly, it is to provide a means by which the evidence from a range of methodologically different types of research can be graded. Secondly, it is to provide a logical framework that can be used during the development of systematic review protocols to help determine the study designs which can contribute valid evidence when the evaluation extends beyond effectiveness. • The proposed hierarchy was developed based on a review of literature, investigation of existing hierarchies and examination of the strengths and limitations of different research methods. • The proposed hierarchy of evidence focuses on three dimensions of the evaluation: effectiveness, appropriateness and feasibility. Research that can contribute valid evidence to each is suggested. To address the varying strengths of different research designs...

Commentary: How surgical audits can be used to promote the update of surgical evidence

Wang, J.; Boult, M.; Roder, D.; Babidge, W.; Kollias, J.; Maddern, G.
Fonte: Blackwell Science Asia Publicador: Blackwell Science Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
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Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is an important advance in health care. The Australian Safety and Efficacy Register of New Interventional Procedures – Surgical (ASERNIP-S), the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, has been at the forefront of promoting EBM in surgery by developing systematic reviews and managing surgical audits. In EBM, uptake of evidence is just as important as establishing the evidence. The prospective, long-term data collection of surgical audits on treatment processes and outcomes often have a high patient and surgeon coverage and make them extremely valuable as a tool for assessing the uptake of evidence. Surgical audits can be used: (i) to assess practice trends and the impact of systematic reviews or clinical guidelines on treatment practice, (ii) to identify the disparities in the uptake of evidence, and (iii) to promote further research on how to bridge evidence–practice gaps and to overcoming possible barriers for the evidence uptake. The information gathered through the audit data assessment on evidence-uptake can be used to improve evidence dissemination and identify possible barriers to the uptake of evidence.; Jim Wang, Maggi Boult, David Roder, Wendy Babidge, James Kollias and Guy Maddern; Journal compilation © 2008 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons

What counts as evidence in evidence-based practice?

Rycroft-Malone, J.; Seers, K.; Titchen, A.; Harvey, G.; Kitson, A.; McCormack, B.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.95%
Background: Considerable financial and philosophical effort has been expended on the evidence-based practice agenda. Whilst few would disagree with the notion of delivering care based on information about what works, there remain significant challenges about what evidence is, and thus how practitioners use it in decision-making in the reality of clinical practice. Aim: This paper continues the debate about the nature of evidence and argues for the use of a broader evidence base in the implementation of patient-centred care. Discussion: Against a background of financial constraints, risk reduction, increased managerialism research evidence, and more specifically research about effectiveness, have assumed pre-eminence. However, the practice of effective nursing, which is mediated through the contact and relationship between individual practitioner and patient, can only be achieved by using several sources of evidence. This paper outlines the potential contribution of four types of evidence in the delivery of care, namely research, clinical experience, patient experience and information from the local context. Fundamentally, drawing on these four sources of evidence will require the bringing together of two approaches to care: the external...

An exploration of the factors that influence the implementation of evidence into practice

Rycroft-Malone, J.; Harvey, G.; Seers, K.; Kitson, A.; McCormack, B.; Titchen, A.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.95%
Background: The challenges of implementing evidence-based practice are complex and varied. Against this background a framework has been developed to represent the multiple factors that may influence the implementation of evidence into practice. It is proposed that successful implementation is dependent upon the nature of the evidence being used, the quality of context, and, the type of facilitation required to enable the change process. This study sets out to scrutinize the elements of the framework through empirical enquiry. Aims and objectives: The aim of the study was to address the following questions: • What factors do practitioners identify as the most important in enabling implementation of evidence into practice? • What are the factors practitioners identify that mediate the implementation of evidence into practice? • Do the concepts of evidence, context and facilitation constitute the key elements of a framework for getting evidence into practice? Design and methods: The study was conducted in two phases. Phase 1: Exploratory focus groups (n = 2) were conducted to inform the development of an interview guide. This was used with individual key informants in case study sites. Phase 2: Two sites with on-going or recent implementation projects were studied. Within sites semi-structured interviews were conducted (n = 17). Results: A number of key issues in relation to the implementation of evidence into practice emerged including: the nature and role of evidence...

The safe administration of rapid rituximab infusion : an evidence-based approach.

Lang, Siew Ping
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.93%
The goal of this study was to approach a global clinical issue that is imperative using an evidence-based approach to the investigation of the rapid administration of rituximab infusions for non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) and Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL). This study focused on an evidence-based approach to improving patient safety, drawing on the Joanna Briggs Institute‟s model of evidence-based health care with its particular emphasis on evidence synthesis, evidence generation and evidence transfer. The study consists of two central phases. The first phase is a comprehensive systematic review (CSR), which informed the design of a subsequent primary study that constitutes the second phase. The specific systematic review question was: “How safe is it to administer rituximab rapidly for NHL and CLL patients?” The objective was to identify and synthesise the existing published and unpublished literature on the use of rapid rituximab infusion as an alternative infusion rate and its safety. The systematic review found that rapid rituximab infusion is not safe for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients yet it is safe for non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) patients. However, there was insufficient evidence to address other aspects of clinical concern related to the safe administration of the rapid infusion of rituximab. Therefore...

The development and use of evidence summaries for point of care information systems: a streamlined rapid review approach

Munn, Z.; Lockwood, C.; Moola, S.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
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BACKGROUND A systematic review of evidence is the research method which underpins the traditional approach to evidence-based health care. As systematic reviews follow a rigorous methodology, they can take a substantial amount of time to complete ranging in duration from 6 months to 2 years. Rapid reviews have been proposed as a method to provide summaries of the literature in a more timely fashion. AIM The aim of this paper is to outline our experience of developing evidence summaries in the context of a point of care resource as a contribution to the emerging field of rapid review methodologies. METHODS Evidence summaries are defined as a synopsis that summarizes existing international evidence on healthcare interventions or activities. These summaries are based on structured searches of the literature and selected evidence-based healthcare databases. Following the search, all studies are assessed for internal validity using an abridged set of critical appraisal tools. Once developed, they undergo three levels of peer review by internal and external experts. RESULTS As of November 2014, there are 2458 evidence summaries that have been created across a range of conditions to inform evidence-based healthcare practices. In addition, there is ongoing development of various new evidence summaries on a wide range of topics. Approximately 60–70 new evidence summaries are published every month...

Improving chronic diseases management through the development of an evidence-based resource

Khalil, H.; Chambers, H.; Munn, Z.; Porritt, K.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Publicador: Blackwell Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.93%
Objective: There is a large gap between evidence and practice within health care, particularly within the field of chronic disease. To reduce this gap and improve the management of chronic disease, a collaborative partnership between two schools within a large university and two industry partners (a large regional rural hospital and a rural community health center) in rural Victoria, Australia, was developed. The aim of the collaboration was to promote the development of translation science and the implementation of evidence-based health care in chronic disease with a specific focus on developing evidence-based resources that are easily accessed by clinicians. Methods: A working group consisting of members of the collaborating organizations and an internationally renowned expert reference group was formed. The group acted as a steering committee and was tasked with developing a taxonomy of the resources. In addition, a peer review process of all resources was established. A corresponding reference group consisting of researchers and clinicians who are clinical experts in various fields was involved in the review process. The resources developed by the group include evidence summaries and recommended practices made available on a web-based database...

Extending an evidence hierarchy to include topics other than treatment: revising the Australian 'levels of evidence'

Merlin, T.; Weston, A.; Tooher, R.
Fonte: BioMed Central Ltd. Publicador: BioMed Central Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
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Background: In 1999 a four-level hierarchy of evidence was promoted by the National Health and Medical Research Council in Australia. The primary purpose of this hierarchy was to assist with clinical practice guideline development, although it was co-opted for use in systematic literature reviews and health technology assessments. In this hierarchy interventional study designs were ranked according to the likelihood that bias had been eliminated and thus it was not ideal to assess studies that addressed other types of clinical questions. This paper reports on the revision and extension of this evidence hierarchy to enable broader use within existing evidence assessment systems. Methods: A working party identified and assessed empirical evidence, and used a commissioned review of existing evidence assessment schema, to support decision-making regarding revision of the hierarchy. The aim was to retain the existing evidence levels I-IV but increase their relevance for assessing the quality of individual diagnostic accuracy, prognostic, aetiologic and screening studies. Comprehensive public consultation was undertaken and the revised hierarchy was piloted by individual health technology assessment agencies and clinical practice guideline developers. After two and a half years...

Towards evidence-based general practice in rural and remote Australia: An overview of key issues and a model for practice

Taylor, Jane; Wilkinson, David; Blue, Ian Alasdair
Fonte: Deakin University Publicador: Deakin University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2001 EN
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35.93%
There is an extensive global move towards evidence-based practice intended to increase the quality and effectiveness of health care. However there are barriers and issues when rural general practitioners attempt to incorporate evidence-based medicine in their practice. Key issues affecting the uptake of evidence-based medicine by rural general practitioners include the gaps in the scientific evidence relevant to general practice, time limitations, and the cost of Internet access, geographical isolation from centres of evidence-based practice and limited training opportunities. General practitioner consultations may involve multiple, ill-defined problems and the patients' views about their treatment may conflict with an evidence-based treatment approach. Rural general practitioners may require additional supports to access information from research through Internet-based resources, accessible summaries of evidence or clinical practice guidelines. In addition a model to assist rural general practitioners use evidence-based medicine is suggested. This model may enable the clinical decision-making process to integrate clinical experience, patient preferences and an understanding of the rural context of practice with the best available evidence...

Does journal club membership improve research evidence uptake in different allied health disciplines: a pre-post study

Lizarondo, L.M.; Grimmer-Somers, K.; Kumar, S.; Crockett, A.
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
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Background: Although allied health is considered to be one 'unit' of healthcare providers, it comprises a range of disciplines which have different training and ways of thinking, and different tasks and methods of patient care. Very few empirical studies on evidence-based practice (EBP) have directly compared allied health professionals. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of a structured model of journal club (JC), known as iCAHE (International Centre for Allied Health Evidence) JC, on the EBP knowledge, skills and behaviour of the different allied health disciplines. Methods: A pilot, pre-post study design using maximum variation sampling was undertaken. Recruitment was conducted in groups and practitioners such as physiotherapists, occupational therapists, speech pathologists, social workers, psychologists, nutritionists/dieticians and podiatrists were invited to participate. All participating groups received the iCAHE JC for six months. Quantitative data using the Adapted Fresno Test (McCluskey & Bishop) and Evidence-based Practice Questionnaire (Upton & Upton) were collected prior to the implementation of the JC, with follow-up measurements six months later. Mean percentage change and confidence intervals were calculated to compare baseline and post JC scores for all outcome measures. Results: The results of this study demonstrate variability in EBP outcomes across disciplines after receiving the iCAHE JC. Only physiotherapists showed statistically significant improvements in all outcomes; speech pathologists and occupational therapists demonstrated a statistically significant increase in knowledge but not for attitude and evidence uptake; social workers and dieticians/nutritionists showed statistically significant positive changes in their knowledge...

Barriers of evidence based policy making in iran's health system

Majdzadeh-Kohbanani, Seyed-Reza
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
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La formation des sociétés fondées sur la connaissance, le progrès de la technologie de communications et un meilleur échange d'informations au niveau mondial permet une meilleure utilisation des connaissances produites lors des décisions prises dans le système de santé. Dans des pays en voie de développement, quelques études sont menées sur des obstacles qui empêchent la prise des décisions fondées sur des preuves (PDFDP) alors que des études similaires dans le monde développé sont vraiment rares. L'Iran est le pays qui a connu la plus forte croissance dans les publications scientifiques au cours de ces dernières années, mais la question qui se pose est la suivante : quels sont les obstacles qui empêchent l'utilisation de ces connaissances de même que celle des données mondiales? Cette étude embrasse trois articles consécutifs. Le but du premier article a été de trouver un modèle pour évaluer l'état de l'utilisation des connaissances dans ces circonstances en Iran à l’aide d'un examen vaste et systématique des sources suivie par une étude qualitative basée sur la méthode de la Grounded Theory. Ensuite au cours du deuxième et troisième article, les obstacles aux décisions fondées sur des preuves en Iran...

Adaptação cultural para o Brasil e desempenho psicométrico do instrumento "Evidence-Based Practice Quesntionnaire" (EBPQ); Cultural adaptation for Brazil and the psychometric performance of the instrument "Evidence-Based Practice Questionnaire" (EBPQ)

Karina Rospendowiski
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/01/2014 PT
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INTRODUÇÃO: A Prática Baseada em Evidência compreende "o uso consciente, explícito e judicioso da melhor evidência atual para a tomada de decisão sobre o cuidar individual do paciente". Para a implantação da prática de enfermagem baseada em evidências, compete ao enfermeiro a busca de estratégias que permitam a utilização de pesquisa na prática. O instrumento "Evidence-based practice questionnaire" (EBPQ), avalia atitudes, conhecimento e implantação da Prática Baseada em Evidências. Utiliza Escala de Likert com pontuação de um a sete em três domínios: prática, atitudes e conhecimentos relacionados à Prática Baseada em Evidências. Mostrou-se uma ferramenta útil para mensurar a implantação desta prática com enfermeiros no Reino Unido e na Espanha. OBJETIVO: O presente estudo tem como objetivo adaptar culturalmente o instrumento EBPQ para a língua portuguesa do Brasil e avaliar suas qualidades psicométricas. METODOLOGIA: Estudo metodológico em que fizeram parte professores e alunos de uma Universidade Pública e enfermeiros de um Hospital Público. Foram seguidos os passos essenciais de adaptação cultural de instrumentos de medida: tradução do instrumento para a língua portuguesa, síntese, retro-tradução...

Law of evidence and common law: the system of evidence and the secrecy in english law; Law of evidence e common law: o sistema de provas e o sigilo no Direito inglês

Guardia, Gregório Edoardo Raphael Selingardi
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2012 POR
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Increasingly, the standardization of English law draws the interest of researchers, especially in view of the possible approaches between the Anglo-Saxon and Roman-Germanic systems. This coexistence of current case Law and the statutes of positive law also do not go unnoticed in the study of procedural law and the english evidential system. Thus, this paper aims to investigate whether the legal notions historically consolidated by the english Law of evidence remains unchanged. It is necessary to identify the legal nature of the changes occurring in the legal exclusion rule and its modalities (hearsay evidence, bad character testimony and illegal evidence). Under the same approach, to examine the principal means of obtaining evidence in English criminal proceedings (criminal identification, search and seizure, interception and surveillance) in light of the historical recognition of the fundamental Right to privacy and the state interest in the secrecy of criminal investigations. Therefore, it is important to analyse the statutes and decisions of the english Courts and the European Court of Human Rights.; Cada vez mais a normatização do Direito inglês atrai o interesse dos pesquisadores, especialmente, em virtude das possíveis aproximações entre os sistemas anglo-saxão e românico-germânico. Esta atual coexistência da Case Law e...

Evidence-Based Policy Reform: Exploring the Role of Evidence in States' Model Selection for the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program

Kawar, Anna Neal
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 19/04/2013 EN_US
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Policy Question Did the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) successfully signal to states that the driving factor for model selection for the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (MIECHV) should be strong evidence of effectiveness? o On which factors did states base their selection of models? o Were states rewarded through competitive funding for selecting stronger models? Program Overview Title V of the Social Security Act of 1935 included Federal aid for maternal and child health services (part 1), services for children with disabilities (part 2), and child welfare services (part 3), all to be administered through the Children’s Bureau. Today, Title V remains the only Federal program solely devoted to the health of all mothers and children. In the current political climate, with a strong emphasis on deficit reduction and continued debates over the size and role of government, federal entitlement programs have come under increased scrutiny. It is important to ensure that each dollar is optimally spent and that the programs that are funded are known to be effective. Randomized evaluations have been hailed as the best way to precisely measure impact and gather evidence regarding the true effectiveness of a social program. Policymakers can then use this evidence to make better decisions regarding which programs to fund and also to garner support for social programs that have been proven to be effective. In 2010...