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Decentralization in Client Countries : An Evaluation of World Bank Support, 1990-2007

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
The Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) assessed the effectiveness of Bank support for decentralization between fiscal 1990 and 2007 in 20 countries, seeking to inform the design and implementation of future support. Given the difficulties of measuring the results of decentralization, the evaluation used intermediate outcome indicators such as strengthened legal and regulatory frameworks for intergovernmental relations, improved administrative capacity, and increased accountability of subnational governments and functionaries to higher levels of government and to citizens to assess the results of Bank support in these 20 countries. To examine potential lessons at a sectoral level, the evaluation also assessed whether Bank support for decentralization improved intermediate outcomes for service delivery in the education sector in 6 of the 20 countries. Bank support contributed to more effective decentralization substantially in more than one-third of the 20 cases and modestly in the others. The most successful aspects of Bank support pertained to the legal frameworks for intergovernmental relations...

2005 Annual Report on Operations Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
The 2005 Annual Report on Operations Evaluation (AROE) focuses on the country because it is the main unit of account for monitoring, managing, and evaluating performance. It examines Country Assistance Strategies (CASs) for how well they link country goals, CAS outcomes, and Bank programming. It also examines how Bank information from M&E systems is actually used to manage the performance of Bank country programs. Finally, the report takes stock of the measures taken since the 2003 and 2004 Annual Reports on Operations Evaluation to strengthen the results focus in monitoring and evaluation. A review of Country Assistance Strategies conducted for the 2005 AROE found that most attempted to link country development goals with CAS outcomes and Bank interventions. These linkages were better developed in education, health, and the environment than in other disciplines. These particular CASs included performance measures to track progress toward achieving goals and outcomes. However, many of these measures lacked baselines...

The Government Monitoring and Evaluation System in India : A Work in Progress

Mehrotra, Santosh
Fonte: Independent Evaluation Group, World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: Independent Evaluation Group, World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
This paper is discusses the evolution of India s approach to monitoring and evaluation of government programs. It is organized into 8 sections. (1) Describes the Indian government structure and sets the context for the challenges of building a government-wide M&E system in India. (2) Outlines a short history of the evaluation system under the planning commission and its stages of development. (3) Examines the demand side of evaluation the sources of demand for accountability, especially in recent years, and for evaluation in particular, and the locus of decisions regarding the selection of which programs to monitor and evaluate. (4) Discusses supply-side and operational issues such as staffing and capacity, and technical approaches (including the type or range of methodology applied). This section also examines the role of the private sector, think tanks, and civil society. (5) Examines the new institutional arrangements M&E. This section also examines the state of management information systems (MISs), outcome budgeting encouraged by the Ministry of Finance...

Connecting Evaluation and Budgeting

Robinson, Marc
Fonte: Independent Evaluation Group, World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: Independent Evaluation Group, World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
This paper discusses how evaluation is an essential tool for good budgeting and a core element of any well-designed government wide performance budgeting system. It is organized into 5 sections: (1) Evaluation and performance budgeting- the principle outlines the role which evaluation should, in principle, play in supporting good budgeting. It identifies the key ways performance information in general supports budgeting and then outlines the way performance budgeting seeks to structure the contribution of performance information to budgeting. The section concludes by discussing the nature and role of evaluation as a key component of the performance information base for budgeting. (2) Evaluation and performance budgeting in practice reviews the actual relationship between evaluation and performance budgeting by looking at the experiences of countries that have made substantial efforts to implement both. (3) Recent Efforts to Connect Evaluation and Budgeting discusses the global financial crisis, renewed interest in the role of evaluation as a budgetary tool is increasingly apparent among OECD countries...

Results and Performance of the World Bank Group 2013 : An Independent Evaluation, Volume 2. Appendixes

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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46.11%
The global extreme poverty rate has fallen by half since 1990, but progress within the developing world has been uneven. Extreme poverty remains widespread in most low-income countries while many middle-income countries also continue to have substantial levels with many people there who have escaped extreme poverty remaining poor and vulnerable. Nor has there been robust progress in sharing prosperity: in many developing countries rapid growth has been accompanied by rising inequality, often with a geographic and ethnic dimension as progress in isolated areas has lagged behind. This appendix describes select elements of the evaluation systems in the World Bank, the International Finance Corporation (IFC), and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) that are the basis for this report. They illustrate commonalities as well as differences in evaluation practices across the institutions. The World Bank, IFC, and MIGA differ in the instruments and approaches they use to achieve development results. Each institution has an evaluation system tailored to its needs. In each organization...

The World Bank Group and Public Procurement : An Independent Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
Good public procurement practices are a major determinant of the effectiveness of public expenditure. Effective policies enable better use of government budgets and are therefore an essential element of the poverty reduction focus of the World Bank. More effective public procurement in countries may also allow procurement practices in the World Bank lending to be unified and harmonized with other donors. Two overarching questions form the core of this evaluation: To what extent has the World Bank helped countries develop better procurement capacity and improve their public procurement systems? And to what extent does the application of World Bank procurement policies in its investment lending help support its own development objectives? World Bank contributions to the procurement process in countries have taken the form of both advisory services and support through lending. IEG reviews the nature and quality of diagnostic work as well as loans focused on procurement reform — and the impact in terms of results. IEG’s findings lead to a number of recommendations that focus on developing plans and projects in the context of country strategies and implementing changes along prevailing best practices. The recommendations are specific to World Bank systems...

Uganda Country Assistance Evaluation, 2001-2007; Joint IEG/OPEV Country Assistance Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group; Africa Development Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Book; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
The World Bank’s assistance strategies showed strong client orientation and were aligned with Uganda’s poverty reduction strategy. The programs were substantially effective in decentralization, public sector reform, growth and economic transformation, education, and water and sanitation. However, more could have been done to help counter the perception of increasing corruption, improve power supply, reduce transport costs, enhance agricultural productivity, and help with family planning and reproductive health. The AfDB’s assistance was also relevant and aligned with the government’s development goals. Its support substantially achieved its objectives for decentralization, public sector finance, growth and economic transformation, improved competitiveness, agriculture, and water and sanitation, as well as education and health. However, there were some shortcomings in the assistance provided for power and roads and in reducing corruption. This report evaluates World Bank and African Development Bank assistance to Uganda during 2001-07. The motivation to undertake a joint evaluation was the shift to a common strategic framework...

Improving Coverage and Utilization of Maternal and Child Health Services in Lao PDR; Impact Evaluation of the Community Nutrition Project

Tanner, Jeffery; Hayashi, Ryotaro; Li, Yunsun
Fonte: Washington, DC: Independent Evaluation Group Publicador: Washington, DC: Independent Evaluation Group
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
The World Bank supported the community nutrition project (CNP) in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) from 2009 to 2013, ostensibly to respond to the global food crisis of 2007-08. The evaluation finds an attributable effect on only one of the six formal project indicators: children in intervention areas were more likely to receive full diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus (DPT) vaccines. This impact evaluation seeks to address whether the CNP can make causal claims to improving indicators related to its six stated project development objective measurements for mothers and children under two years old: antenatal care visits, institutional delivery, well-child checkups, breastfeeding, immunization, and diarrhea oral rehydration solutions. The results of quasi-experimental impact evaluation methods indicate that although general effects for these outcomes are mixed, the project shows improvements for the poorest 40 percent of the population.

Analyzing the Effects of Policy Reforms on the Poor : An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of World Bank Support to Poverty and Social Impact Analyses

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
The current global financial and economic crises are likely to put enormous pressure on governments to respond with immediate measures and to undertake far-reaching reforms in the medium term, requiring a substantial increase in donor support. To protect the poor and enhance benefits to them, key policy reforms will need to be underpinned by systematic analysis of their expected poverty and social impacts. The World Bank's experience to date with the Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) approach provides useful lessons for addressing these issues. Overall, implementation of the PSIA approach has had considerable limitations. There have been tensions between the various operational objectives assigned to PSIAs. The tensions concern inconsistencies between informing country and Bank policy decisions in a timely way and building country analytic capacity. PSIAs have had limited ownership by Bank staff and managers and have often not been effectively integrated into country assistance programs. Quality assurance...

World Bank Group Assistance to Low-Income Fragile and Conflict-Affected States : An Independent Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
Fragile and conflict-affected states (FCS) have become an important focus of World Bank Group assistance in recent years as recognition of the linkages between fragility, conflict, violence, and poverty has grown. Addressing issues of recurring conflict and political violence and helping build legitimate and accountable state institutions are central to the Bank Group's poverty reduction mission. This evaluation assesses the relevance and effectiveness of World Bank Group country strategies and assistance programs to FCS. The operationalization of the World Development Report 2011: Conflict, Security, and Development (2011 WDR) is also assessed, to see how the framework has been reflected in subsequent analytical work, country assistance strategies, and the assistance programs. The evaluation framework was derived from the concepts and priorities articulated in recent WDRs, policy papers, and progress reports issued by Bank Group management, to draw lessons from FCS. The framework is organized around the three major themes emerging from the 2011 WDR: building state capacity, building capacity of citizens, and promoting inclusive growth and jobs. The evaluation focuses on International Development Association (IDA)-only countries, which are deemed to have certain characteristics such as very low average income and no access to private finance...

Self-evaluation of the Independent Evaluation Group

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
This report presents the self-evaluation of the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) and covers the period from 2005 to the present. The objectives of the evaluation are as: assess IEG's structure and organizational effectiveness; compare the scope and structure of IEG with other development banks, including resource allocation, staffing, and management; assess the effectiveness of IEG in line with applicable existing best practice in multilateral institution; and develop a set of actions that can be taken in the short term, medium term, and longer term. Overall, IEG's organizational systems, reporting structures, and procedures are consistent with the Evaluation Cooperation Group (ECG) good practice standards for independence. However, independence is a precious asset for effective evaluation and is at the heart of its credibility and impartiality. IEG's work is generally viewed as being of good quality, but areas for improvement emerged from the surveys, in particular in relation to processes and the coverage of approach papers. IEG will focus on increasing the impact of evaluation lessons on the World Bank Group. To be an effective catalyst for change...

The World Bank Group and Public Procurement--An Independent Evaluation : Volume 2: Achieving Development Effectiveness through Procurement in Bank Financial Assistance

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
Good public procurement practices are a major determinant of the effectiveness of public expenditure. On behalf of their citizens, governments typically spend as much as 5-20 percent of their gross domestic product on procurement of goods and services, and effective procurement policies enable better use of government budgets. Good national procurement practices are therefore an essential element of the poverty reduction focus of the Bank. Good procurement in Bank projects is also associated with better development outcomes. Equally, sound public procurement in client countries is a prerequisite for the success of the Bank's newly introduced program for results lending instrument. The Bank seeks to ensure that its funds are used for the purpose intended and that they support development effectively and efficiently. Thus, the twin issues that underpin this Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) evaluation are first, how effectively has the World Bank helped build well-functioning public procurement systems in client countries and second...

The World Bank Group and Public Procurement--An Independent Evaluation : Volume 1. Building Procurement Capacity and Systems

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
Good public procurement practices are a major determinant of the effectiveness of public expenditure. On behalf of their citizens, governments typically spend as much as 5-20 percent of their gross domestic product on procurement of goods and services, and effective procurement policies enable better use of government budgets. Good national procurement practices are therefore an essential element of the poverty reduction focus of the Bank. Good procurement in Bank projects is also associated with better development outcomes. Equally, sound public procurement in client countries is a prerequisite for the success of the Bank's newly introduced program for results lending instrument. The Bank seeks to ensure that its funds are used for the purpose intended and that they support development effectively and efficiently. Thus, the twin issues that underpin this Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) evaluation are first, how effectively has the World Bank helped build well-functioning public procurement systems in client countries and second...

The World Bank Group and Public Procurement--An Independent Evaluation : Appendixes to Volume 2

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
Good public procurement practices are a major determinant of the effectiveness of public expenditure. On behalf of their citizens, governments typically spend as much as 5-20 percent of their gross domestic product on procurement of goods and services, and effective procurement policies enable better use of government budgets. Good national procurement practices are therefore an essential element of the poverty reduction focus of the Bank. Good procurement in Bank projects is also associated with better development outcomes. Equally, sound public procurement in client countries is a prerequisite for the success of the Bank's newly introduced program for results lending instrument. The Bank seeks to ensure that its funds are used for the purpose intended and that they support development effectively and efficiently. Thus, the twin issues that underpin this Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) evaluation are first, how effectively has the World Bank helped build well-functioning public procurement systems in client countries and second...

Addressing the Challenges of Globalization : An Independent Evaluation of the World Bank's Approach to Global Programs

Operations Evaluation Department
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
This report completes the second phase of the Operations Evaluation Department's independent evaluation of the World Bank's involvement in global programs. This Phase 2 report is based on case studies of 26 (of a total of 70) Bank-supported global programs that accounted for 90 percent of the Bank's global program expenditures in 2002. It follows on the phase 1 report completed in 2002 and the meta-evaluation of the CGIAR completed in 2003 that evaluated Bank involvement in global programs. The phase 2 report's recommendations stress two key elements: 1) The need for a global strategy for the Bank that will focus Bank support on high-priority, well-funded global public goods programs and that will be based on a consultative process involving key partners; 2) Better routine management of the global portfolio in order to set international standards for quality, add value, and enhance returns to Bank country operations and clients. The study points out that some key elements of a Bank global strategy would likely include an understanding and exploitation of the comparative advantage of the Bank and its key partners...

Assessing the Monitoring and Evaluation Systems of IFC and MIGA : Biennial Report on Operations Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
The International Finance Corporation (IFC) has advanced systems to gather, analyze, and apply investment and advisory project information. It has made strides in developing, aggregating, disclosing, and strategically using its development indicators. The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) has made progress in upgrading its system of assessing its development performance. There are gaps in terms of measuring private sector development for investment projects and use of relevant standard indicators in advisory services projects. Reliability of data can be enhanced by adding more independent verification. Most self-evaluation has been project focused, but there is much that could be learned by extending evaluation to cover programs and strategies. The systems could be improved in several aspects to make evaluation more effective and to get more value from evaluation lessons. This biennial report on operations evaluation is an evaluation of these systems. It takes stock of the strengths and weaknesses of the development results frameworks in place for IFC investment services...

2006 Annual Report on Operations Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
The 2006 Annual Report on Operations Evaluation (AROE) updates the actions taken since the 2004 and 2005 AROEs to strengthen the results focus in monitoring and evaluation (M&E). First, it analyzes the implications of managing for results on Bank operations. Second, it assesses the extent to which the Bank's M&E systems provide staff with the information they need to better manage for results. Third, the report evaluates products and services of the Independent Evaluation Group-World Bank (IEG-WB) as part of a continuous process of self-evaluation and assesses their quality, influence, and use among both internal and external audiences. The report also raises some unresolved issues for further consideration. Finally, it makes recommendations on how M&E can be strengthened to increase the World Bank's effectiveness.

Country Assistance Evaluation Retrospective : An OED Self-Evaluation

Operations Evaluation Department
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
This report is a self-evaluation of the Operations Evaluation Department's (OED) Country Assistance Evaluations (CAEs). CAEs examine World Bank performance in a particular country, usually over the past four to five years, and report on its conformity with the relevant Bank Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) and on the overall effectiveness of the specific CAS. This Retrospective addresses the question "What Have We Learned?" by compiling lessons relevant for developing country assistance strategies from the most recent batch of CAEs. Second, it assesses revisions to the CAE process, methodology, and presentation to answer the question "How Can the CAE Instrument Be Improved?"

The Development Potential of Regional Programs : An Evaluation of World Bank Support of Multicountry Operations

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
This evaluation examines the track record of the regional development programs that the World Bank has supported over the past 10 years. While these are relatively few in number, together they offer valuable lessons for how such programs can be designed and implemented to deliver good outcomes. This evaluation, which assesses World Bank support for regional development programs over fiscal years 1995-2005, finds that a majority of the programs evaluated have been or appear likely to be effective in achieving most of their development objectives. Even stronger results could be achieved if support for regional programs were better developed as an international aid practice. These findings are based on evaluations of 19 regional programs and a review of the Bank's total portfolio of some 100 regional operations. The IEG report assessed the World Bank's support for regional development programs active between fiscal years 1995 and 2005. These accounted for less than 1 percent of total Bank financing during this period. Three key findings are: (i) regional programs can deliver strong results; (ii) success and sustainability depend on strong ownership of all participating countries; and (iii) the Bank has been particularly effective in fostering country interest in regional programs through analytical work and resource mobilization...

Toward theory-led evaluation - the experience of European science, technology and innovation policies

Molas Gallart, Jordi; Davies, Andrew
Fonte: American Evaluation Association Publicador: American Evaluation Association
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 24064 bytes; application/msword
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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19 pages, 1 figure.; This article reviews the literature and practice concerned with the evaluation of science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies and theway these relate to theories of the innovation process. Referring to the experience of the European Union (EU), the authors review the attempts to ensure that the STI policy theory is informed by advances in the authors’understanding of the innovation process. They argue, however, that the practice of policy evaluation lags behind advances in innovation theory. Despite the efforts to promote theory-led evaluations of STI policies based on new theories of the systemic nature of innovation, evaluation practice in the EU continues to favor the development of methods implicitly based on outdated linear views of the innovation process. This article examines the reasons why this is the case and suggests that STI policy evaluation should nevertheless be supported by the evolving theoretical understanding of the innovation process.; Peer reviewed