Página 1 dos resultados de 1947 itens digitais encontrados em 0.009 segundos

Assessment of companies practices concerning the evaluation of R&D investment projects

Amaro Pintos, Alexandre; Cunha, Jorge; Araújo, Maria Madalena Teixeira de; Ares Goméz, Enrique
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
This study introduces an on-going research project aimed at analyzing the impact of R&D projects both from the public and private points of view. From the public perspective the social impacts and objectives of these projects, frequently supported by National or European R&D programmes, should be underlined and properly considered in the evaluation process. On the other hand, the private perspective emphasizes mainly financial and strategic returns for the companies involved in research projects. This paper addresses part of the research conducted so far, focusing in particular on the private perspective, namely on the identification of the more appropriate methods for the evaluation of research and development (R&D) investments projects by companies. Several studies indicate that the use of traditional financial methods is not the most appropriate for evaluating R&D projects (see, for example, Chan, 2001, Proctor and Canada, 1992, and Mensah and Miranti, 1989). The use of these methods consists, basically, on discounting the expected future cash flows and the adoption of several methods for measuring its financial viability (e.g. NPV, IRR). This implies that the costs and benefits associated with the investment are easily and objectively quantified. Nevertheless this is not always possible for all types of investments...

An open source software forge for European projects

Matos, Alfredo; Leon, Miguel Ponce de; Ferreira, Rui; Barraca, João Paulo
Fonte: ACM Publicador: ACM
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.25%
Open Source is an increasingly interesting vehicle for dissemination of project results within the R&D and ICT FP7 communities. PROSE, an FP7 ICT project, is promoting open source adoption by creating a software forge that provides project management, source code hosting, and development support for the ICT and European open source projects. In this paper we present the key requirements for a software forge resulting from a public consultation of projects in the European space, and the corresponding instantiation of an open source software forge, publicly available at opensourceprojects.eu. We also discuss the relevance of a centralized collaboration platform for European projects, and the value presented by such an approach as opposed to current source code repositories.

Logiche e dinamiche operative per la gestione delle trasformazioni urbane: il caso dei Large Scale Urban Development Projects

BOCA, ALESSANDRO
Fonte: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma Publicador: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
IT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
This research aims at investigate a topic probably not well examined by national and international literature, which is the one of the evolutions in operational rationales and patterns followed in contemporary urban planning. The hypothesis here discussed is that the transition from the so-called “modern” to the so-called “contemporary” city has engendered a number of issues, including a need for adjustment of a planning practice that is both not completed yet and can’t be longer avoided. In order to carry out such a survey two different case studies will be analyzed, the large scale urban development project of Paris Rive Gauche, in Paris, and King’s Cross Central, in London. From the late ‘70s a number of factors, among which the research pinpoints the disappearance of manufacturing industry from large urban contexts, caused a deep physical and socio-economic restructuring process in many European cities. As a consequence, also the urban planning models followed during the previous decades faced a corresponding restructuring process. In particular, what fell in crisis was the traditional plan-led rationale that for at least three decades characterized urban planning in many European countries. Indeed this rationale was considered by many scholars and practitioners no longer suitable to respond to the increased complexity characterizing contemporary urban contexts. During all the ‘80s a massive practice of deregulation has been proposed as the answer able to face such an issue. From the traditional plan-led model previously followed to implement urban strategies...

European Integration Without EU Membership: Models, Experiences, Perspectives

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
At the beginning of the 1990s, the concept of “European integration” could still be said to be fairly unambiguous. Nowadays, it has become plural and complex almost to the point of unintelligibility. This is due, of course, to the internal differentiation of EU membership, with several Member States pulling out of key integrative projects such as establishing an area without frontiers, the “Schengen” area, and a common currency. But this is also due to the differentiated extension of key integrative projects to European non-EU countries – Schengen is again a case in point. Such processes of “integration without membership”, the focus of the present publication, are acquiring an ever-growing topicality both in the political arena and in academia. International relations between the EU and its neighbouring countries are crucial for both, and their development through new agreements features prominently on the continent’s political agenda. Over and above this aspect, the dissemination of EU values and standards beyond the Union’s borders raises a whole host of theoretical and methodological questions, unsettling in some cases traditional conceptions of the autonomy and separation of national legal orders. This publication brings together the papers presented at the Integration without EU Membership workshop held in May 2008 at the EUI (Max Weber Programme and Department of Law). It aims to compare different models and experiences of integration between the EU...

Failure or Ideological Preconceptions – Thoughts on Two Grand Projects: The European Constitution and the European Civil Code

MICKLITZ, Hans-Wolfgang
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
I am interested in the relationship between constitutional and private law. The two Grand Projects, the European Constitution and the European Civil Code, serve as a catalyst to develop my argument. I will first look at the link between the two Grand Projects by placing emphasis on parameters which may help to explain and to analyse the reasons why both ended or seem to have ended in deadlock. I use the metaphor of ‘failure’, meaning the political ‘failure’, the non realisation of the European Constitution which has now been replaced by the Lisbon Treaty and the predictable ‘failure’ of the European Civil Code project, called the Common Frame of Reference, which obviously does not have the support of the European Commission, the Council or the Member States. Ideological preconceptions refer to implicit assumptions which united the elaboration of the two Grand Projects despite their conceptual differences. It will have to be shown that the idea of a European Constitution is at least based on a mandate from the Member States, whereas such a mandate does not exist in the European Civil Code project. So there is an inherent deep difference between the Grand Projects. Seeking deeper links via implicit assumptions, however, suggests that the two Grand Projects are politically and legally connected despite their different origins and functions. Only by understanding the linkage may we create an opportunity to put private law into a constitutional perspective.

Has the European Court of Justice Challenged Member State Sovereignty in Nationality Law?

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
In March 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU or Court) handed down its judgment in the long awaited case of Rottmann. This paper explores some of the implications of this important judgment through a series of comments placed contemporaneously on the EUDO Citizenship website and a conclusion finally revised by Jo Shaw in November 2011. The judgment clarifies the relationship between EU citizenship and national citizenship, stating that a withdrawal of national citizenship which results in a person ceasing to be an EU citizen altogether ‘by reason of its nature and consequences’ falls within the scope of EU law and is thus subject to review by national courts and the Court of Justice in the light of the requirements of EU law. The conclusion as to whether national authorities have overstepped the mark will be made in the light of a proportionality test. While Rottmann itself represents an interesting jumping off point for further reflection on the EU/national citizenship nexus, its broader interest partly lies in the fact that it sits – with the benefit of some hindsight – at the beginning of a new period of judicial activism on the part of the Court of Justice in relation to the scope and character of EU citizenship. This broader context is surveyed by Shaw in the concluding thoughts.; Setting the scene: the Rottmann case introduced Jo Shaw 1 The entirely conventional supremacy of Union citizenship and rights Gareth T. Davies 5 Two Sovereign States vs. a Human Being: CJEU as a Guardian of Arbitrariness in Citizenship Matters Dimitry Kochenov 11 Some comments on Rottmann and the "personal circumstances" assessment in the Union citizenship case law Michael Dougan 17 The correlation between the status of Union citizenship...

Nuclear Safeguards and Nuclear Security Related TACIS Projects Implemented by the JRC

DAURES Pascal; MAYER Klaus; CROMBOOM Omer; FRIGOLA Pierre; JANSSENS Willem; JARMALAVICIUTE Jurgita
Fonte: ESARDA and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission Publicador: ESARDA and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
Following the breakdown of the former Soviet Union, the European Commission (EC) initiated a Technical Assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States, the TACIS support programme. In the initial phase, essentially, nuclear safety projects were funded under the TACIS programme. From 1994, projects related to nuclear safeguards were included in the TACIS programme. Since then, nine projects have been implemented in three recipient countries (Russian Federation, Kazakhstan and Ukraine) within the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) by two institutes: the Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC) ¿ Ispra (Italy) and the Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU) ¿ Karlsruhe (Germany). After 10 years, the successful EC-CIS cooperation has evolved from a demand-driven to a discussiondriven relationship in areas of mutual interest and benefit. The new programme, taking into account new international threats, includes combating of illicit trafficking while sustaining past initiatives within an enlarged international cooperation. This new programme deploys 14 projects in 7 countries. This paper presents the results of past collaboration, the follow-up programme being implemented and gives an overview of the JRC expertise which can be utilized in a new nuclear safeguards and security programme.; JRC.E.8-Nuclear safeguards and Security

LED PROJECTS AND ECONOMIC TEST CASES IN EUROPE

VALENTOVA Michaela; QUICHERON MICHEL; BERTOLDI PAOLO
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
This report presents the status of existing LED pilot actions in Europe, analysing 106 LED test cases from 17 European countries. Projects from the public and commercial sectors form the focus of the report. Reviewed test cases include the use of LED technology in various applications. The results of test cases demonstrate wide variation. Installations offer energy savings of 59% in average (savings range from 10% up to more than 90%), either compared to the original installation or to reference consumption. In many applications, LEDs are competitive, yet a large number of projects are still in the trial phase. In these cases, economic aspects are relatively less relevant, and are often not even accounted for. From the test cases reviewed, most successful applications, in terms of savings and economic considerations, are 1) replacement of incandescent light bulbs in traffic light systems, and 2) replacement of halogen spotlights in indoor applications. Main co-benefits of LED projects analysed include: low maintenance costs, improved lighting characteristics, good indoor and outdoor lighting quality, improved ambience and atmosphere, no UV radiation, environmental benefits and improved security. On the other hand, some challenges to address include: improve the quality characteristics of LEDs and the quality of information and data provided by manufacturers/suppliers...

Report on Innovative Financial Instruments for the Implementation of the SET Plan, First-Of-A-Kind projects

CARLSSON Johan; BURNHAM James; DEBANDE Olivier; JONES Olaf; KOCH Martin; MERCIER Arnaud; MIHAI Cristina; MOORE Judith; TEMPERTON Ian; THEVENOT Caroline
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.15%
This report responds to the request of Commissioner Oettinger and the Cabinet of Commissioner Geoghegan-Quinn end of 2012, for an expert assessment and recommendations regarding the financing of first-of-a-kind commercial demonstration projects as prioritised in the roadmaps of the Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan. The expert group comprised representatives of financial organisations, i.e. the European Investment Bank, the European Venture Capital Association, the European Insurance and Re-insurance federation, the World Bank, and the Climate Change Capital. Six hearings with key stakeholders representing the SET Plan European Industrial Initiatives (EIIs), as well as the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking were held. These hearings provided information regarding their main barriers for implementation and the gaps as regards access to finance. Existing EU financial were evaluated too. The report concludes that a new financial instrument at EU level is not needed since existing financial instruments already provide equity, loans, or guarantees. However, until now, those instruments have not provided the financing required. As a response to this problem a set of changes to existing financial instruments and their utilisation were recommended.; JRC.F.6-Energy systems evaluation

Guidelines for conducting a cost-benefit analysis of Smart Grid projects

GIORDANO VINCENZO; ONYEJI Ijeoma; FULLI Gianluca; SANCHEZ JIMENEZ Manuel; FILIOU Constantina
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: JRC Reference Reports Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
Following the inventory of Smart Grid projects carried out by the JRC in 2011, the goal of this report is to provide guidance and advice for conducting cost benefit analysis of Smart Grid projects. We present a step by step assessment framework based on the work performed by EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute) on cost-benefit analysis and provide methodological guidelines and best practices. Modifications to fit the European context have been proposed wherever necessary. This work draws on the existing collaboration between the European Commission (EC) and the US Department of Energy in the framework of the EU-US Energy Council. A European Smart Grid project has been selected from the JRC catalogue and used as a case study to test and illustrate the proposed assessment framework. The analysis is supported by a thorough reference to existing literature on cost-benefit analysis and on concrete results of available cost-benefit analysis carried out on the field. On the basis of this exercise, we provide guidelines to tailor assumptions to local conditions, to identify and monetize benefits and costs, and to perform sensitivity analysis of most critical variables. The report also discusses the identification of indirect benefits (externalities) and social impacts that can result out of the implementation of Smart Grid projects but that cannot be easily monetized and factored in the cost-benefit computation.; JRC.F.3-Energy security

Smart Grid projects in Europe:Lessons learned and current developments 2012 update

GIORDANO VINCENZO; MELETIOU ALEXIS; COVRIG CATALIN-FELIX; MENGOLINI Anna Maria; ARDELEAN MIRCEA; FULLI Gianluca; SANCHEZ JIMENEZ Manuel; FILIOU Constantina
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.32%
Smart Grid projects play a key role in shedding some light on how to move forward in this challenging transition. To this end, in 2011, the JRC launched the first comprehensive inventory of Smart Gird projects in Europe to collect lessons learned and assess current developments on Smart Grids in Europe [JRC 2011]. The final catalogue was published in July 2011 and included 219 Smart Grid and smart metering projects from EU27 Member States (including 24 smart metering pilots and roll-outs). The overall investment amounted to € 5 billion. The participation of project coordinators and the reception of the report by the Smart Grid community were extremely positive. For this reason, it has been decided to carry out the project inventory on a regular basis to constantly update the picture of Smart Grid developments in Europe and keep track of lessons learned, challenges and opportunities. This study is the 2012 update of the inventory carried out in 2011. A new on-line questionnaire was put on-line in March 2012 and projects were collected until September 2012. In parallel we have performed an extensive and scrupulous search of projects information through web research and cooperation links with European research organizations. The resulting final database is the most updated and comprehensive inventory of Smart grid and smart metering projects in Europe for 2012: it includes 281 Smart Grid projects and around 90 smart metering pilots and roll-outs. Smart Grid and smart metering projects will be analysed separately. The core of our analysis will focus on Smart Grid projects. Smart metering development will be analysed only at aggregated national and European level and information from individual smart metering projects will be used only to support the analysis with concrete field information .; JRC.F.3-Energy security

Smart Grid Projects Outlook 2014

COVRIG CATALIN-FELIX; ARDELEAN MIRCEA; VASILJEVSKA JULIJA; MENGOLINI Anna Maria; FULLI Gianluca; AMOIRALIS Eleftherios
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
Smart grid projects are playing a key role in shedding light on how to move forward in this challenging transition. In 2011, therefore, the JRC launched the first comprehensive inventory of smart grid projects in Europe to collect lessons learned and assess current developments. The participation of project coordinators and the reception of the report by the smart grid community were extremely positive. It was therefore decided that the project inventory would be carried out on a regular basis so as to constantly update the picture of smart grid developments. This study is the 2013-2014 update of the inventory started out in 2011. The JRC’s 2013-14 Smart Grid database contains 459 smart grid R&D and D&D projects from all 28 European Union countries. Switzerland and Norway were studied together with the EU28 countries since they are present in a substantial number of projects with EU countries. Other 17 non EU countries are represented in the inventory by their participating organisations. The total investment of the smart grid projects amounts to €3.15 billion.; JRC.F.3-Energy Security, Systems and Market

The role of European Soil Data Centre (ESDAC) to European policy support and public data requirements

PANAGOS Panagiotis; VAN LIEDEKERKE Marc; JONES Arwyn; MONTANARELLA Luca
Fonte: European Confederation of Soil Science Societies Publicador: European Confederation of Soil Science Societies
Tipo: Contributions to Conferences Formato: CD-ROM
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
In the context of the European Union’s Soil Thematic Strategy, policy makers require easy access to soil data and information of various types and scales to assess the state of soils at European level. To satisfy this need, the European Commission and the European Environment Agency decided to establish the European Soil Data Centre (ESDAC), located at the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre. The ESDAC is one of ten environmental data centres that have been established in support of policy development, implementation and monitoring by the European Commission’s Directorate General for Environment. The ESDAC, located at http://esdac.jrc.ec.europa.eu, has become the focal point for soil data and information at European Union level by hosting a series of soil products and web-based tools that allow access to the data. The establishment and the evaluation of harmonised databases should facilitate improved soil protection measures. The ESDAC supports an increasing number of customers from the European Commission and Member States. They range from policy makers, public organizations and local authorities, and public administrations to research institutes, technical institutions, universities and schools, modeling groups, research projects and citizens. Most of the datasets are used for research purposes (Modeling...

DEFINITION OF AN ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK FOR PROJECTS OF COMMON INTEREST IN THE FIELD OF SMART GRIDS under the EC "Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure"

GIORDANO VINCENZO; VITIELLO SILVIA; VASILJEVSKA JULIJA
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
The document presents the methodology to be adopted in the evaluation of proposals of Smart Grids projects to be awarded the label of Projects of Common Interest. The label, established by the Regulation 347/2013 on Guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure, aims at identifying trans-national projects with a significant added-value for the EU as a whole. The methodology has been developed by JRC within the Expert Group 4 "Infrastructure" of the EC Smart Grids Task Force and finally approved by the Expert Group in July 2012.; JRC.F.3-Energy Security, Systems and Market

Data Collection and Reporting Guidelines for European electro-mobility projects

CORCHERO Cristina; GUMARA Ramon; CRUZ-ZAMBRANO Miguel; SANMARTI Manel; GKATZOFLIAS DIMITRIOS; DILARA Panagiota; DROSSINOS Ioannis; DONATI Alberto
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
Analysis of the data collected from electro-mobility projects has shown that only in very limited cases, the data reported were of enough quality and/or comprehensive enough to allow a meaningful and complete analysis. Various types of data are sometimes missing, making it almost impossible to analyse them correctly. The objective of this report is to provide guidance to publicly funded European Electro-mobility Projects on what and how to monitor and report. Detailed description of the necessary monitored elements and those which are considered as optional due to the complexity or expense involved in collecting them, is included, as well some ideas on quality control and on data collection. An extensive stakeholder consultation has taken place before the release of this report.; JRC.F.6-Energy Technology Policy Outlook

A proposal on cancer data quality checks: one common procedure for European cancer registries

MARTOS JIMENEZ MARIA DEL CARMEN; CROCETTI Emanuele; VISSER Otto; ROUS Brian
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
The aim of population-based cancer registries (CRs) is to obtain information from all new cases in a well-defined geographic area to assess the magnitude of the cancer burden and its evolution. The reliability and utility of the information provided by CRs depends on the quality of the collected data. A variety of methods and tools have been used to checks the data validity of CRs. Therefore the European Network of Cancer Registries (ENCR) in cooperation with the Joint Research Centre (JRC) has been working to establish a comprehensive and standardised list of cancer quality checks to be adopted by European CRs and in the European projects that would overcome the current fragmented and sometimes conflicting situation regarding validation of data collected for different purposes. Outcome of this project is an ENCR-endoresed recommendation document, titled "A proposal on Cancer Data Quality Checks: one common procedure for European Cancer Registries", reporting final agreements on case definition, variables and their format and data quality control list.; JRC.I.2-Public Health Policy Support

European citizenship between national legacies and postnational projects; European citizenship : national legacies and transnational projects

Fonte: OUP Publicador: OUP
Tipo: Livro
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.42%
This volume is a product of a year-long collaborative project "the European Forum on Citizenship" in the academic year 1995/96 at the European University Institute.; Is there a common ground on which a European citizenship can be constructed? This volume looks at four foundations of citizenship in Europe: the legacy of national identities, current designs and projects for social and political citizenship in Europe, a transitional public space as the basis of an active European citizenship, and a transitional collective identity as a symbolic boundary marker for European citizenship.; -- Introduction European Citizenship: An Avenue for the Social Integration of Europe, Bernhard Giesen & Klaus Eder -- Part I. National Legacies of Belonging: The Tradition of Citizenship in Europe -- Citizenship, Subjecthood, Nationality: Concepts of Belonging in the Age of Modern Nation States, Dieter Gosewinkel -- National Identity and Citizenship: The Cases of Germany and France, Bernhard Giesen -- Part II. Projects for Full Citizenship in the Euro-Polity -- Citizenship and the European Union, Klaus Von Beyme -- The Scope of Citizenship in a Democratized European Union: From Economic to Political to Social and Cultural?, Philippe C. Schmitter -- Citizenship under regime Competition: The Case of the 'European Works Councils'...

The internationalisation of science and the knowledge based economy: trends in Australian-European research and development funding

Wilson, Simon
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
The report presents a quantitative analysis of Australian Research Council funded projects involving collaboration with European countries. Key findings are considered within the context of increasingly 'knowledge based' economies and the increasing globalisation of scientific research and development. This report identifies significant issues and makes recommendations which represent the preliminary stages of science and innovation policy development in Australia. Modern economies are based on knowledge and skills developed through the science and innovation system A high quality science and innovation system is crucial in maintaining and developing a strong and competitive national economy, social wellbeing and environmental sustainability. Economies world wide are continuing to grow and become more reliant on the consolidation of knowledge and skills. International collaboration is a key in developing and maintaining a strong science and innovation system In order to achieve a quality and competitive science and innovation system countries need to share and mutually build upon available skills and knowledge through international collaborative research and development. Australia accounts for only around two percent of the world's science and technology output...

The European Culture Collections' Organisation: promoting collaboration, opportunities and innovation

Lima, Nelson
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /09/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
The European Culture Collections' Organisation (ECCO) was established in 1981. The aim of the organisation is to promote collaboration and exchange of ideas and information about ali aspects of culture collection activity. ECCO meetings are held annually and are a valuable forum for discussion and innovation on the future development of member collection activities. The organization has evolved for an important think tank with important contributions through collaborative projects like the MINE EU project in the mid-1980s to bundle the comrnon interests of microbial service collections and their users. ln the subsequent CABRI EU project, some of the leading collections in Europe made available the contents of their individual catalogues for comparison via a search engine which provides access to a comrnon Catalogue (http://www.cabri.org/CABRI!srs-doc/index.html). Later on, the EBRCN EU project focused on guidelines for best practice towards an ISO-compliant quality management. These outputs were key-elements for the OECD initiative related with the BRCs task-force and the current OECD guidelines for BRCs. More recently, the EMbaRC project enlarged the spectrum of activities and dealt with contemporary topics such as biological safety...

Comparison of Methods Used in European Countries to Assess Buildings' Condition

Vilhena, António; Pedro, João Branco; Brito, Jorge
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Aula
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
This paper presents a comparative analysis of methods used in European countries to assess buildings’ condition. The following methods were compared: a Portuguese method to assess buildings condition, an English housing health and safety rating system, a French method to assess buildings that may be declared inhabitable, a Dutch standard about buildings condition assessment and the assessment methods developed within the European projects EPIQR & TOBUS. The comparative analysis included three tasks. First, each of the methods was described separately. Then, the main features of the methods were compared. Finally, some guidelines to improve the Portuguese method were drawn. The main differences of the methods are the objectives and scope of the assessment, the disaggregation level of the global assessment, the calculation formula used to aggregate partial assessments, the type final results obtained and the tools developed for their implementation. The main similarities are that the assessment is carried out mainly by visual inspection, the condition of the building is assessed by a systematic analysis of the entire building divided into functional elements, the severity of defects is the assessment criterion used, weighting coefficients are used to determine the importance of each partial assessment in the final result and surveyors need specific training. The recommendations about the Portuguese method are to maintain the present assessment model...