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Politicas de emprego na União Europeia (1995-2007) : a Europa social, uma uma utopia; Employment policies in the European Union (1995-2007) : the social Europe - an utopia?

Rita Petra Kallabis
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/08/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
Em meados da década de 1970 rompeu-se o padrão de desenvolvimento estabelecido no período do pós-guerra, um padrão expresso na construção dos Estados de Bem Estar Social, estes pautados pela inclusão social e pela promoção de maior justiça distributiva. Este rompimento deslanchou abertamente uma dupla crise, econômica e social. Pergunta-se: Quais as respostas que a União Européia deu a esta crise com a qual se instalaram o crescimento econômico lento e oscilante, o desemprego em massa e a precarização dos mercados de trabalho? E qual o significado destas respostas na busca por um novo padrão de desenvolvimento, como modelo social europeu? Procura-se por respostas, analisando-se a Estratégia Europeia para o Emprego (EEE), lançada em 1994, incluída no ano de 2000 na Estratégia Europeia para Emprego e o Crescimento (Estratégia de Lisboa) e afunilada em 2007 no projeto da Flexicurity. Discutindo-se as Políticas de Emprego contidas nestas estratégias, percebe-se um conflito de objetivos. De um lado, encontram-se elementos que as revelam como instrumentos de uma política econômica guiada pela visão liberal-conservadora que pressiona pela desregulação e flexibilização do mercado de trabalho, este último novamente visto como lócus para a resolução de problemas sociais mais amplos. Ao mesmo tempo...

A Europa em busca de uma globalização mais justa: o papel do diálogo social transnacional

Hipólito, Sérgio Fernandes
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.87%
Tese de mestrado em Políticas Europeias apresentada à Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa, 2008; A aceleração descontrolada da internacionalização da economia, as alterações na natureza e no conteúdo do trabalho e ainda as reformas nos sistemas de produção são alguns dos desenvolvimentos recentes e interdependentes que têm contribuído para pôr em risco o Modelo Social Europeu. A presente investigação analisa a importância do diálogo social transnacional na procura de soluções inovadoras capazes de promover o progresso social e de garantir a sua repartição equitativa em benefício de todas as pessoas. Actualmente na UE o diálogo social transnacional constitui um elemento de administração do mercado de trabalho, na medida em que os representantes dos empregadores e dos trabalhadores partilham com os poderes públicos as funções de gestão em domínios sociais centrais. Este estudo dedica especial atenção à Directiva 94/45/CE, que promove a informação e consulta dos trabalhadores de forma a reduzir o seu frequente défice de participação nos processos de decisão nos locais de trabalho. Além disso, procede-se também à análise da Agenda do Trabalho Digno. A combinação de competitividade económica e justiça social proposta por esta ferramenta da OIT encontra...

The European Union’s role in the world and the social dimension of globalisation

Tortell, L.; Orbie, J.
Fonte: Dinâmia Publicador: Dinâmia
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Publicado em /03/2007 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This discussion paper is based upon a multidisciplinary academic workshop held at DINÂMIA – Research Centre on Socio-Economic Change, Lisbon on 2-3 March that explored the nature of the external impact of the EU in relation to the social dimension of globalisation. In its widest sense, the social dimension of globalisation concerns the effects on people and societies of the globalisation of economic systems internationally. This workshop focussed largely on themes such as labour standards, decent work, employment, gender, health and human rights. In the current role as the holder of the EU Presidency, Portugal has an important role to play in relation to the EU’s external role; this document provides an overview to orient future actions. Given that the globalisation phenomenon is highly contested in public debate, focussing on its social dimension could provide a way in which to humanise globalisation and diffuse concern. It could, quite simply, legitimise the EU’s role in the world, particularly given the putative European social model, and the fact that the EU is a potentially powerful player in this context. EU initiatives in this area involve development, international relations, trade, governance and other policies...

Assessing the impact of the Lisbon Strategy on the European Social Model – What changes will the Europe 2020 Strategy bring?

Marques, P.; Salavisa, I.; Lagoa, S.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Publicado em 21/01/2013 ENG
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With the international crisis and the launching of the strategy Europe 2020 a cycle of European policy has come to an end. The purpose of this article is to conduct an empirical analysis of the Lisbon Strategy’s capacity to reshape the European Social Model (ESM) in the period 2000-10. In this paper, we argue that the ESM has been reshaped over the past decades towards an emphasis on activation policies rather than in income redistribution policies. This shift resulted from an attempt to match four dimensions: the deepening of the internal market, the Europeanization of employment and social policies, the European diversity regarding employment relations and social policies, and the goal of sustaining the core of European identity. During the period 2000-10, social cohesion has declined slightly, but a convergence process occurred in terms of the main social indicators. Econometric results indicate that activation policies and education levels play an important role in reducing inequality, whereas passive measures and the expenditure on social protection are more prone to fight poverty. The expenditure on R&D is important both to tackle poverty and to decrease inequality. Therefore, we conclude that a combination of passive and active measures is crucial both to maintain high levels of social cohesion and to modernize the ESM.

Judicial Activism of the European Court of Justice and the Development of the European. Social Mode in Anti-Discrimination and Consumer Law

MICKLITZ, Hans-Wolfgang
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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My hypothesis, which I try to present in this paper can be broken down into three different affirmations: The ECJ is developing, on the basis of the acquis communautaire, a European Social Framework, not a fully-fledged European Social Model. The ECJ’s Social Model is based on access justice not on social justice. More recently, the ECJ tends to substitute national social models with its own European Social Model.

Social Protection for Inclusive Development. A New Perspective in EU Cooperation with Africa

GIOVANNETTI, Giorgia
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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The European Report on Development examines the need and potential for expanding social protection in Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as its feasibility and likely development impact. In contrast with the view that Sub-Saharan Africa cannot aff ord social protection, innovative approaches to building broad-based social protection schemes and systems have been promoted by African countries, and implemented with success across the region. Global post-crises uncertainty reinforces the need for measures that shield Africa’s population against risks and shocks, and that reduce poverty and promote human development. ‘Social protection for inclusive development’ is a timely topic: interest in social protection has been growing, both in Sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere. In the G20 ‘Seoul Development Consensus (2010)’, growth with resilience was identifi ed as a key pillar, with specifi c emphasis on social protection mechanisms that support resilient and inclusive growth. More broadly, a consensus is emerging that social protection is not only a right, but also an indispensable instrument in supporting progress towards achieving inclusive growth and the Millennium Development Goals. This momentum stems largely from the growing recognition that social policy is a crucial piece of the development puzzle...

Before and After the Economic Crisis: What implications for the ‘European Social Model’?

Fonte: Edward Elgar Publicador: Edward Elgar
Tipo: Livro
EN
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This timely book casts new light on the key issues arising from the contentious debate around the future of the European Social Model. The book brings together leading experts to provide a thorough and well-informed response to the recent developments in European social and labour law and policy, in the light of institutional changes. The contributors provide unique insights as they evaluate the impact of the enlargement processes, the implications of the Lisbon treaty, the integration of the Charter into EU law – and, crucially, the consequences of the economic crisis.; Contributors: N. Aliprantis, C. Barnard, M. Bell, S. Deakin, F. Dorssemont, A.-M. Konsta, H. Kountouros, S. Laulom, A. Lo Faro, P. Loi, J. Malmberg, C. Marzo, M.-A. Moreau, U. Mückenberger, J.J. Paris, B. Ryan, A. Supiot, D. Vaughan-Whitehead, C. Vigneau, L. Waddington; This book is a follow-up of a conference at the European University Institute (EUI) held on 23-24 October 2009 to commemorate two former EUI professors: Brian Bercusson and Yota Kravaritou.

Pobreza e assistência em Évora (2000-2010): a intervenção social da Caritas Diocesana

Sardinha, Gisela Sofia Banha
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
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Num momento em que o mundo e, em particular, Portugal, atravessam uma crise de grandes proporções, a escolha do tema desta dissertação tem plena actualidade. O seu objectivo central é o aprofundar o conhecimento sobre a actuação da Cáritas Diocesana, no apoio da população de Évora (entre 2000-2010). Para melhor o entender, abordar-se-ão os princípios do Welfare-State e a política social da Igreja no Concílio Ecumênico Vaticano II, bem como a evolução histórica da Cáritas enquanto conceito e prática. A metodologia usada foi a da análise quantitativa e qualitativa dos relatórios da Cáritas Diocesana de Évora (2000-2010) e dos dados do Instituto de Emprego e Formação Profissional. Da análise realizada a toda a população apoiada pela Instituição constatámos que os problemas socioeconómicos que predominam são o do desemprego e situações de pobreza associadas (principalmente, insuficiência de rendimentos e endividamento); situações de pobreza resultantes de divórcio (associado à monoparentalidade), doença, baixa escolaridade e falta de apoio familiar (abandono e solidão no que diz respeito a crianças em risco e idosos); ABSTRACT: At a time when the world and, in particular, Portugal, going through a major crisis...

The Development of Patients' Rights in Cross-border Health Care and its Impact on the Member States of the European Union

MAKARA, Kamila
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
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Defence date: 17 November 2012; Examining Board: Professor Marie-Ange Moreau, Lumière University Lyon 2, (EUI Supervisor); Professor Loïc Azoulai, European University Institute; Professor Achim Seifert, University of Jena; Professor Łukasz Pisarczyk, University of Warsaw.; The impact of the EU law on patients' rights in cross-border health care on national health care systems was subject to many fervent debates among European academics. For all the rhetoric of that debate, beneath it lies an attempt to delimit the boundaries of EU competences. These were determined by the Court’s interpretation of the Treaties. However, the recent development of patients' rights has escaped the boundaries of this interpretation and broadened the influence of patients' free movement rights into social fields. The primary concern is to answer the question about the cause which brought the Member States to give up their sovereignty for the sake of the internal market and about the effects of these sacrifices for the EU, the States and European citizens respectively. The detailed analysis of the development of EU law on cross-border health care proves that this system was an inescapable result of the decisions taken decades ago. Furthermore, by examining the different definitions and meanings of the European Social Model...

Democracy and European Integration: A Legacy of Tensions, a Re-conceptualisation and Recent True Conflicts?

JOERGES, Christian
Fonte: European University Institute Publicador: European University Institute
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
EN
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This paper seeks to synthesise two concerns which are usually discussed separately One concerns the much discussed democracy deficit of the European polity. In this respect, it is considered that the democratic quality of the EU needs to be discussed in conjunction with Europe’s potential to enable European citizens to see themselves as the sovereigns of the economic and social order. The decoupling of Europe’s economic constitution from the social constitutions of Member States by the 1957 EEC Treaty has created a 'social deficit' of the European construction which needs to be overcome if the EU is to gain full democratic legitimacy. The second concern is with the modes of governance that Europe has established in order to respond to irrefutable regulatory needs, including the quests for a European social model. Here, Europe is, especially in areas of social policy, resorting to soft law and non-legal governance techniques, which seem hardly reconcilable with Europe’s commitment to the rule of law. Before paying the high price of de-legalisation, Europe should try out the alternative of re-conceptualising European law as new type of conflict of laws. This law would seek to attain what the Constitutional Treaty had called the 'motto of the Union'...

The Affordability of Energy: How Much Protection for the Vulnerable Consumers?

BARTL, Marija
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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65.81%
Affordability is a new 'alien' concept penetrating the field of contract and consumer law as one of the obligations related to the provision of 'universal services' or 'public service' in the context of services of general economic interest. Affordability becomes an important element of the European social model (using Scharf's terminology; Scharf, J Common Mark Stud 40:645-670, 2002) and its constitutional dimension will be confirmed by the Treaty of Lisbon and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU). The major European Commission policy tool for ensuring the Affordability of Energy Supply is, on the one hand, functioning competition, which should bring about reasonable prices in general, and on the other hand, regulation targeted at so-called vulnerable consumers. First tested in the UK, it was later spread mainly by the requirements of the Second Energy Package in other Member States (MS). The Third Energy Package (to be implemented by March 2011) further develops this idea and clarifies the set of obligations that the protection of consumers and ensuring the Affordability of Energy Supply require in the understanding of the EU legislator. One could speculate to what extent this is a reaction to the fact that some MS and...

Exploring the constitutional possibilities for a European social model : some common constitutional traditions between liberalism and social intervention

RODRÍGUEZ GONZÁLVEZ, Francisco
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.9%
The European Social Model (ESM) is a rather vague concept, generally used for defining a certain combination between social concerns and the need for economic improvement and efficiency. This vagueness implies a weak conceptualisation, which influences perceptions about the current socio-economic juncture and the European integration. This article is aimed to identify specific contents for the conceptualisation of the European model, which are found in a number of common principles or values contained in the European constitutions. It is also aimed to explore the dynamic between the liberal and social protection elements that constitute a common starting point for a comparative assessment. A process of convergence of constitutional principles is found, based on the constitutional migration of certain concepts at different historical moments. The induction of common categories from these concepts allows for the consideration of potential European common denominators, such as the duality between the free market and its limitations related to social concerns.

The Europeanization of welfare: paradigm shifts and social policy reforms

Moreno, Luis; Palier, Bruno
Fonte: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas Publicador: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas
Tipo: Documento de trabajo
ENG
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75.9%
Paper presented at the WRAMSOC Conference, 23-25 April, 2004, Berlin. Published in: P. Taylor-Gooby (ed.), Ideas and Welfare State Reform in Western Europe, 145-175, Basingstoke/Nueva York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005; The process of Europeanization implies a confluence of resources and outputs by the EU member states. This is mainly due to both structural economic harmonisation and institutional system-building. This paper deals with welfare developments in the European social model in contemporary times. After identifying major changes affecting European countries both functionally and territorially, EU initiatives in social policy-making are reviewed. New policies aimed at co-ordinating employment and social policies at the European level (OMC) have tried to offer perspectives for reconciling the dichotomies between the economic and the social and the national and the European. Hence, while a paradigm shift in macro-economic policies has allowed for monetary centralisation and a growing matching of EU internal 'open' markets, the quest for the decentralisation of welfare programmes has also aimed at meeting demands for territorial subsidiarity. Reforms related to the emergence of new social risks (NSR) may provide EU institutions with initiatives for making social policy reforms coherent with the new economic policy orientations...

EU Employment Law and the European Social Model: The Past, the Present and the Future

Barnard, Catherine
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Article; accepted version
EN
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This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Oxford University Press via http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/clp/cuu015; If the critics are right, the European Union?s (EU?s) social model is dead and that is the end of it. Those on the right may well be dancing on its grave; those more sympathetic might mourn its passing. My view is more sanguine. I shall argue that the European social model is certainly facing unprecedented challenges. However, I will suggest that these challenges, caused in part by the EU?s response to the crisis but more generally resulting from a growing hostility towards the European Union project as a whole, are not terminal and that there is?and should be?a continued role for the European social model. The article therefore considers what is meant by the European social model (ESM) and why the ESM is important. It then examines why the ESM, and its employment dimension in particular, is facing such difficulties before recognizing that, in fact, the EU?s history demonstrates that the ESM has, in fact, a long-standing ability to regenerate and resurrect itself in different guises. Given this regenerative capacity, the article will conclude by considering the form EU social policy might take going forward.

Novas lógicas de transição dos sistemas de segurança social: os sistemas de pensões mistos

Prata, Lúcia Joaquina Almeida
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
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55.83%
A presente dissertação pretende estudar as características dos modelos de segurança social no mundo, nomeadamente aqueles que realizaram a criação de contas individuais nos sistemas de pensões, e averiguar como poderia ser aplicado ao nosso país um modelo que contemplasse uma componente de capitalização na formação de pensões. Partindo da opinião de vários especialistas na matéria, de que o modelo de repartição na sua forma pura se encontra esgotado, toma-se urgente encontrar um modelo que garanta a sustentabilidade financeira da segurança social no longo prazo, sem descurar contudo os valores constantes do Modelo Social Europeu. No presente estudo do subsistema Previdencial e sua reforma, são tomados em conta também os fundamentos económicos, demográficos e sociais que constituíram as bases do moderno Estado-Providência, bem como a situação atual na União Europeia e principalmente em Portugal. 0 Presente estudo centra-se na combinação efetuada, por vários países, dos sistemas PAYG com uma componente de capitalização, tentando averiguar, sempre que possível, os problemas enfrentados por cada país durante a transição e os exemplos a seguir face à conjuntura económica de Portugal. /ABSTRACT - New Logics of Transition of Social Security Systems: the multipillar pension systems The present essay is an attempt to study the characteristics of the social security models...

EL RESCATE DEL ESTADO DE BIENESTAR EN EUROPA: UN MODELO SOCIAL EUROPEO - DOI: 10.12818/P.0304-2340.2013v62p231

Wilmars, Frederic Martens de
Fonte: REVISTA DA FACULDADE DE DIREITO DA UFMG Publicador: REVISTA DA FACULDADE DE DIREITO DA UFMG
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/07/2013 POR
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45.92%
Los Estados de bienestar europeos y correlativamente, los derechos sociales y laborales que configuran la ciudadanía democrática y social conocen una ruptura del frágil equilibrio de su funcionamiento y no pueden seguir ignorando sus interdependencias. De la crisis actual, puede emanar un modelo social europeo que constituya una consolidación de los derechos sociales comunes a los Estados miembros que han perdido el control de sus propias políticas económicas. Se trata de encontrar a nivel europeo un modelo social que garantice los elementos fundadores de un Estado de bienestar. Sea cual sea, el camino de evolución de la Unión Europea hará actuar la solidaridad europea. Potencialmente, Europa puede aportar respuestas a los desafíos socioeconómicos impuestos por la crisis y la globalización. PALABRAS CLAVES:      Estado de Bienestar. Crisis. Modelo social europeo. Derechos sociales. ABSTRACT The European welfare states and correlatively, social and labor rights, that set social and democratic citizenship, they know a rupture of the fragile balance of their running and cannot keep on ignoring their interdependencies. From the actual crisis can emanate a European social model that constituted a consolidation of social rights common to the Member States that have lost control of their own economic policies. It is about finding as European level...

Sistema de protecção à infância em Portugal – Uma área de intervenção e estudo do Serviço Social; System of Childhood Protection in Portugal – a Field of Intervention and Study of Social Work

Ferreira, Jorge Manoel L.; ISCTE – Instituto Universitário Lisboa
Fonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Edufsc) Publicador: Editora da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Edufsc)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Pesquisa teórica; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2010 POR
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1414-49802010000200010Este artigo procura sistematizar elementos de análise e de reflexão sobre o sistema de protecção à infância em Portugal, como área de intervenção e estudo do Serviço Social. Analisa o problema da criança integrada em contextos sociais, familiares e culturais desfavorecidos que limitam a concretização dos seus direitos e do seu bem-estar. Questiona algumas dimensões do problema que constitui objecto de estudo do Serviço Social no quadro do modelo social europeu, bem como do modelo de coordenação aberta das políticas sociais de protecção à infância e à família.; This article seeks to systematize elements of analysis and reflection about the childhood protection system in Portugal, as a field of intervention and study of Social Work. It analyzes the problem of children who are in unfavorable social, family and cultural contexts that limit the realization of their rights and their well-being. It questions some dimensions of the problem that constitute the object of study of Social Work in the framework of the European social model, as well as the model for an open coordination of social policies for protection of childhood and the family.

As demandas de pesquisas sobre proteção social no Mercosul: exigências para o Serviço Social; The demands of research into social protection in Mercosur: requirements for Social Work

Simionatto, Ivete; UFSC - Florianópolis - SC; Nogueira, Vera Maria Ribeiro; UFSC - Florianópolis - SC
Fonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Edufsc) Publicador: Editora da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (Edufsc)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/05/2008 POR
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1414-49802006000200007Este artigo aponta elementos sobre o debate a respeito das propostas relativas à proteção social que vêm sendo delineadas no contexto dos blocos econômicos e das contradições da globalização neoliberal. Destacam-se as proposições articuladas na União Européia para a organização do modelo social europeu, incluindo seus problemas e perspectivas. Aborda-se também a discussão sobre a proteção social nos países do Mercosul que, embora não tendo ainda a densidade analítica do debate europeu, permite identificar pontos comuns no desenho das políticas sociais públicas e direitos sociais no cenário contemporâneo. Concluindo, apresentam-se alguns desafios que esta realidade coloca para o campo da pesquisa no Serviço Social.; This article presents elements for the debate about the proposals related to social protection that have been identified in the context of regional economic blocks and of the contradictions for neoliberal globalization. These are highlighted by the proposals articulated in the European Union for the organization of the European social model, including its problems and perspectives. The paper also discusses social protection in the Mercosur countries where...

Austerity policies and structural reforms are leading to the Americanization of the European Social Model

Lettieri, Antonio
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/07/2012 EN; EN
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Will Europe’s social model survive the current Eurozone crisis? Antonio Lettieri argues that the politics of the new “Frankfurt-Brussels consensus” are based on austerity and “structural reforms”. Reductions in social spending that are going hand in hand with the increased privatization of pension, health and education systems point towards an ‘Americanized’ social model for Europe in the future.

Worry about crime in a cross-national context: a model-supported method of measurement using the European social survey

Jackson, Jonathan; Kuha, Jouni
Fonte: The European Survey Research Association (ESRA) Publicador: The European Survey Research Association (ESRA)
Tipo: Article; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.76%
This paper examines European Social Survey (ESS) indicators of worry about crime. To scale the measures into a single categorical measure, we use an analytical approach that combines statistical latent class modelling with pragmatic choices for the final classification of the responses. We also undertake an informal examination of the latent class solution in individual countries. Finding the ESS indicators of the frequency and impact of worry to be reasonable cross-national measures of the experience of negative emotions in people’s lives, we close the paper with an estimation of levels of worry in 23 countries. The results display a fairly consistent geographical gradient, with the lowest levels of worry about crime mostly in Nordic countries and Western Europe, and the highest in Eastern Europe and Mediterranean countries.