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Diversity and selection of wild food plants in six regions of Northwestern Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal).

Pardo de Santayana, Manuel; Tardío, Javier; Carvalho, Ana Maria; San Miguel, Elia; Blanco, Emilio; Morales, Ramón
Fonte: Yeditepe University Publicador: Yeditepe University
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Resumo publicado de comunicação oral apresentada no painel Ethnobotanical Studies of Wild Plant Foods do IVth International Congress of Ethnobotany; We discuss and compare the traditional knowledge and use of wild edible plants in six rural regions of the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula. The data indicate that a high percentage of species are used in most regions (15 species are used in 5 regions). According to the similarity of the species gathered, the six regions can be grouped in two clusters. Therefore, affinity seems to be linked to closeness. The Portuguese region is the most dissimilar due to a very high number and frequency of wild condiments.

Ethnobotany and traditional knowledge in the Northeastern Portugal: Past and present plant use and management.

Carvalho, Ana Maria; Ramos, Margarida Telo
Fonte: Faculdade de Farmácia de Lisboa Publicador: Faculdade de Farmácia de Lisboa
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.45%
Resumo publicado da comunicação oral apresentada no painel Portuguese Ethnobotany do VIII International Ethnobotany Symposium, Lisboa, Portugal; Traditional plant use was/is largely based on a rich and diverse wild flora existing in the Portuguese north-eastern region and on daily agricultural practices and management. Decades of isolation and economic and social constrains promoted a local knowledge and expertise and constructed a folk plant-use system which is suffering a recent decline, although the persistence of some plant-based uses applied simultaneous with modern trends, recently introduced in local culture by present-day media, popular books and middle-aged emigrants returning home, for instance.

O conhecimento sobre os recursos vegetais alimentares em bairros rurais no Vale do Paraíba-SP

Pilla, Milena Andrea Curitiba
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: xii, 115 f. : il. color., grafs., tabs.
POR
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Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Pós-graduação em Agronomia (Horticultura) - FCA; O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar um inventário das plantas alimentares cultivadas e coletadas da vegetação nativa e ruderal, em área de Mata Atlântica, conhecidas por dois grupos de populações rurais: um residente no Núcleo Santa Virgínia (Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar) e outro no seu limite. Os 23 entrevistados amostrados atenderam aos seguintes critérios: origem na região do Núcleo; idade superior a 45 anos; intimidade no trato com a terra. Ao todo foram levantadas 146 espécies botânicas, distribuídas em 43 famílias botânicas, sendo as famílias Solanaceae e Cucurbitaceae as mais representativas e basicamente hortícolas. Os índices de diversidade Shannon-Wiener e equidade de Pielou foram 1,98 (Base 10) e 0,91, respectivamente. Os dois grupos de bairros apresentaram uma similaridade de citação de plantas alimentares de 75,0%. A freqüência do consumo alimentar foi analisada por meio de dados obtidos pelo método retrospectivo das últimas 24 horas, revelando que os alimentos cultivados e coletados da vegetação nativa são consumidos esporadicamente De acordo com a amplitude total do nicho alimentar dada pelo índice de Levins (21...

Ethnobotany of rural people from the boundaries of Carlos Botelho State Park, São Paulo State, Brazil

Hanazaki,Natalia; Souza,Vinícius Castro; Rodrigues,Ricardo Ribeiro
Fonte: Sociedade Botânica do Brasil Publicador: Sociedade Botânica do Brasil
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2006 EN
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In this article we describe and analyze the use of plant resources in a region nearby a conservation area. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, in which we asked the interviewees to free list the plants known. Species cited were identified through collection of botanical samples, and field observations. Fifty-eight inhabitants were interviewed; banana farming, cattle ranching, and extracting palm hearts are their main economic activities. A total of 248 ethnospecies were mentioned, including over 200 botanical species. Plants were grouped into four habitats (A = well-preserved forest; B = disturbed forest in old successional stages; C = recently disturbed environments; D = cultivated areas and home gardens). Highest diversity is known for plants from A habitats, followed by C+D, and finally by B areas; however, a higher number of species is expected in B areas when compared to C+D. There is a small number of common species, and comparable proportions of intermediate and rare species, for all habitats. Common species occur in all types of habitats. Local knowledge of plants from well-preserved habitats is more diverse than for plants from other areas, suggesting that the relationship between inhabitants and the conservation area is still intense.

Urban ethnobotany in Petrópolis and Nova Friburgo (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

Leitão,Fernanda; Fonseca-Kruel,Viviane Stern da; Silva,Inês Machline; Reinert,Fernanda
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2009 EN
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The main goal of this paper was the study of the useful plants sold in the open-air fairs of Petrópolis and Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Data collection was obtained through participant observation, semi structured interviews and free listing with four herbalist informants. From the interviews, 115 species (belonging to 49 families) were recorded: 94 for medicinal purposes, 12 with religious application, and 9 for ornamental purposes. Thirty percent of the species were native, and 72% herbaceous. The most representative families were Asteraceae (26 species) and Lamiaceae (10 species). The medicinal species related to diseases of the respiratory system were more common during the winter and autumn. "Espinheira-santa" (Clarisia cf. ilicifolia) had the highest Relative Importance (1.8) and collocation in all seasons using the Preference Ranking, although its effectiveness or toxicity levels have not been established. The importance of the study is to gather knowledge from local herbalists about commercialized species in open-air fairs and popular markets in the Rio de Janeiro State, which represent valuable resources for bioprospection.

Therapeutic value of the genus Alpinia, Zingiberaceae

Victório,Cristiane P.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Plants containing bioactive substances have increasingly become the object of research studies, particularly those plants with therapeutic value. Many species of the genus Alpinia provide a variety of medicinal properties, such as, Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) Burtt et Smith and A. purpurata (Vieill) K. Schum, which have a significant presence in Brazil. These species have been commercialized in the food and cosmetic industries. However, their greatest importance arises from the medicinal properties of their essential oils containing flavonoids, terpenoids and kavalactones which have been used in folk medicine to treat, for example, arterial hypertension and inflammatory processes. In addition, such species are also used in multidisciplinary studies, including phytochemistry, ethnobotany and biology, indicating the key pharmacological role of this genus in everyday life. Therefore, this work aims to present a bibliographic review of the genus Alpinia and its significance in therapeutic applications.

Medicinal plants traded in the open-air markets in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: an overview on their botanical diversity and toxicological potential

Leitão,Fernanda; Leitão,Suzana Guimarães; Fonseca-Kruel,Viviane Stern da; Silva,Ines Machline; Martins,Karine
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2014 EN
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Medicinal plants have been used for many years and are the source of new active substances and new drugs of pharmaceutical interest. The popular knowledge contained in the open-air markets is studied through urban ethnobotany, and is a good source of information for ethnobotanical research. In this context, we surveyed the literature on works concerning open-air markets in the State of Rio de Janeiro to gather knowledge of the commercialized plants therein. A literature search resulted in ten studies with 376 listed species, distributed in 94 families and 273 genera. Asteraceae family had the greater representation, followed by Lamiaceae and Fabaceae. Solanum was the most frequent genus. Two hundred and twenty four species could be considered potentially toxic or potentially interact with other drugs/medicines. Eighteen species are referred as "not for use during pregnancy", and 3 "not for use while nursing". These results are a source of concern since in Brazil, as it is worldwide, there is the notion that plants can never be harmful. The results for the Sørensen Coefficient showed greater similarity between works performed in very close study areas. Other studies presented low similarity, mainly because of the difficulty in plant identification or a very specific focus in methodology.

Urinary diseases and ethnobotany among pastoral nomads in the Middle East

Abu-Rabia, Aref
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/08/2005 EN
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This article is derived from a broad, twenty-year study of ethnobotany and folk medicine among pastoral nomads in the Middle East which took place from 1984 to 2004. The article presents examples of different treatments of diseases and disorders of the urinary tract carried out by healer herbalists. The preparation of remedies includes boiling infusions, extraction of dry or fresh leaves, flowers, seeds or whole plants. Some of these plants were used both as food and as medicine, by ingesting different parts of the plants, such as leaves, flowers, fruits, and so on, either while soft, cooked or dried. Data were collected by using unstructured interviews and by observation. These plants were identified by healers, patients, and university botanists. This paper identified eighty-five plant species, which belong to thirty-six families. The most representative families are: Asteraceae (8), Brassicaceae (6), Poaceae (6), Umbelliferae (6).

Ethnobotany as a Pharmacological Research Tool and Recent Developments in CNS-active Natural Products from Ethnobotanical Sources

McClatchey, Will C.; Mahady, Gail B.; Bennett, Bradley C.; Shiels, Laura; Savo, Valentina
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The science of ethnobotany is reviewed in light of its multidisciplinary contributions to natural product research for the development of pharmaceuticals and pharmacological tools. Some of the issues reviewed involve ethical and cultural perspectives of healthcare and medicinal plants. While these are not usually part of the discussion of pharmacology, cultural concerns potentially provide both challenges and insight for field and laboratory researchers. Plant evolutionary issues are also considered as they relate to development of plant chemistry and accessing this through ethnobotanical methods. The discussion includes presentation of a range of CNS-active medicinal plants that have been recently examined in the field, laboratory and/or clinic. Each of these plants is used to illustrate one or more aspects about the valuable roles of ethnobotany in pharmacological research. We conclude with consideration of mutually beneficial future collaborations between field ethnobotanists and pharmacologists.

Ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Biophytum sensitivum DC

Bharati, Abinash C.; Sahu, Alakh N.
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Medicinal plants are widely being used by the traditional medical practitioners for curing various diseases in their day-to-day practice. Biophytum sensitivum DC (Oxalidaceae) is used as a traditional folk medicine in ailments such as inflammation, arthritis, wounds, tumors and burns, gonorrhea, stomach ache, asthma, cough, degenerative joint disease, urinary calculi, diabetes, snake bite, amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea. It is a small, flowering, annual herb with sensitive leaves. It grows throughout tropical Africa and Asia, especially in Philippines and the hotter parts of India and Nepal. Phytochemical studies have shown that the major pharmacologically active constituents are amentoflavone and a polysaccharide fraction, BP100 III. Recent pharmacological study shows that it has antioxidant, immunomodulatory, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, chemoprotective, antidiabetic and wound healing potential. This review attempts to describe the ethnobotany, pharmacognosy, traditional uses, chemical constituents, and various pharmacologic activities and other aspects of B. sensitivum.

Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Wall. ex Nees: A Review of Ethnobotany, Phytochemistry, and Pharmacology

Hossain, Md. Sanower; Urbi, Zannat; Sule, Abubakar; Rahman, K. M. Hafizur
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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As aboriginal sources of medications, medicinal plants are used from the ancient times. Andrographis paniculata is one of the highly used potential medicinal plants in the world. This plant is traditionally used for the treatment of common cold, diarrhoea, fever due to several infective cause, jaundice, as a health tonic for the liver and cardiovascular health, and as an antioxidant. It is also used to improve sexual dysfunctions and serve as a contraceptive. All parts of this plant are used to extract the active phytochemicals, but the compositions of phytoconstituents widely differ from one part to another and with place, season, and time of harvest. Our extensive data mining of the phytoconstituents revealed more than 55 ent-labdane diterpenoids, 30 flavonoids, 8 quinic acids, 4 xanthones, and 5 rare noriridoids. In this review, we selected only those compounds that pharmacology has already reported. Finally we focused on around 46 compounds for further discussion. We also discussed ethnobotany of this plant briefly. Recommendations addressing extraction process, tissue culture, and adventitious rooting techniques and propagation under abiotic stress conditions for improvement of phytoconstituents are discussed concisely in this paper. Further study areas on pharmacology are also proposed where needed.

Estudos etnobotânicos em Três Lagoas /MS e sua potencialidade como atrativo turístico.

Oliveira, Joyce Juliete de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.99%
A Etnobotânica trata da verdadeira relação planta-homem com enfoque em vários ramos do conhecimento, como História, Antropologia, Botânica, Ecologia, entre outros. Essa ciência busca analisar e enfatizar o conhecimento tradicional das populações locais sobre a flora e fauna, bem como a utilização desses recursos ambientais em seu cotidiano. Conhecer esses elementos e saber como podem ser úteis nas vidas reforça sua ligação com os biomas regionais. Assim, o objetivo desta pesquisa refere-se ao levantamento das plantas medicinais utilizadas pela população local da cidade de Três Lagoas-MS. Entende-se que o uso de espécies medicinais, além de gerar economias com medicamentos sintéticos, também envolve questões ambientais e a necessidade do desenvolvimento sustentável, dando margem para atividades econômicas alternativas. É nesse contexto que o ecoturismo também surge na pesquisa como uma alternativa turística que vai ao encontro do desenvolvimento sustentável. Desta forma, resultado advindo desta pesquisa mostra que em Três lagoas há uma considerável utilização de plantas medicinais para a cura e prevenção de doenças. De acordo com a pesquisa, foram identificadas 81 espécies de plantas medicinais...

Conhecimento popular sobre plantas do cerrado como subsídio para propostas de educação ambiental; Popular knowledge on “Cerrado” plants as a subsidy to the Environmental Education proposal

Borges, Magno Rodrigues
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Publicador: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.27%
Trabalhos em Etnobotânica e Educação Ambiental têm em comum a interdisciplinaridade e podem ser complementares. Enquanto a Etnobotânica se preocupa, por exemplo, com a visão e o conhecimento sobre as plantas nativas do Cerrado, trabalhando com base na botânica e na antropologia, a Educação Ambiental se ocupa em disponibilizar os valores e os conhecimentos necessários para a sustentabilidade de uma população. A pesquisa teve como objetivo avaliar, por meio de algumas metodologias Etnobotânicas, o conhecimento das espécies vegetais nativas e seus usos na área urbana de Martinésia (Uberlândia - MG), e fomentar, através da Pesquisa-Intervenção, projetos futuros de Educação Ambiental (EA) em uma visão mais sócio-interacionista para a conservação do referido ambiente. Para alcançar este propósito foram utilizadas entrevistas com a comunidade para identificar parceiros que pudessem divulgar seus conhecimentos sobre plantas do Cerrado (Informantes Chaves) e parceiros que tivessem a capacidade de intermediar o conhecimento popular e o científico e organizar práticas de Educação Ambiental (Editores). Foram aplicadas metodologias Etnobotânicas (entrevistas, “walk-in-the-woods” e pranchas) com os Informantes Chaves para averiguar o seu conhecimento popular...

Reite plants: an ethnobotanical study in Tok Pisin and English

Nombo, Porer; Leach, James
Fonte: Australian National University, E Press; http://epress.anu.edu.au/ Publicador: Australian National University, E Press; http://epress.anu.edu.au/
Tipo: Book; Published Version Formato: 216 pages
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This book is the product of an extended collaboration between Porer Nombo and James Leach which took place during 1995, 1999 and 2004. It contains information provided by Porer on the uses of certain plants from the hinterland of the Rai Coast in Papua New Guinea (PNG), particularly the area between the Seng and Yakai rivers in the Mot 1 District where speakers of the Nekgini language reside (Figure 1). Nekgini people and their ancestors gathered this knowledge and have used plants in the way we describe here. Porer explained that this knowledge has been handed down through the generations and is still used today. Porer chose the plants to be included in the book based on his thoughts about which plants are most significant for Nekgini ‘customary’ uses. ‘Customary’ in this context (as translated from the Tok Pisin ‘kastom’) indicates processes and procedures which are deemed to be both specifically local in origin and application, and which harness powers and forces to the end of achieving viable and valuable forms of social life and person, as understood by Nekgini speakers. Many of these uses may seem esoteric or magical to English readers. It will be as well for readers to keep in mind that Nekgini distinctions between humans and environment...

Spirit Medicine: Native American Uses of Common Everlasting (Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium) in Eastern North America

Jackson, Jason Baird
Fonte: Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History Publicador: Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History
Tipo: Livro Formato: 559075 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium (L.) (= Gnaphalium obtusifolium L.) is an important plant used in the practice of traditional medicine among many Native American groups in eastern North America. This essay documents use of this plant among the Yuchi, an American Indian people from the Southeast now residing in eastern Oklahoma. This use is contextualized within a survey of published and unpublished sources on the plant as utilized by other peoples in the Eastern Woodlands. This survey finds several clusters of practices and beliefs that are widely held across the region. Viewed more broadly, these findings suggest the value of a comparative study of American Indian ethnobotany and the place such study might have for reassessing anthropological understandings of American Indian life throughout the region and general models of regional social patterning. As a preliminary test case in the comparative ethnobotany of eastern North America, the study of P. obtusifolium contradicts previous findings that have suggested that the pharmacopoeia of individual groups tended to be unique.

How are legal matters related to the access of traditional knowledge being considered in the scope of ethnobotany publications in Brazil?

Liporacci,Heitor Suriano Nascimento; Miranda,Tatiana Mota; Hanazaki,Natalia; Peroni,Nivaldo
Fonte: Sociedade Botânica do Brasil Publicador: Sociedade Botânica do Brasil
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2015 EN
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Legal measures, such as the use of free or prior and informed consent, return of research results to communities (which can be understood as "sharing of benefits," according to Brazilian legislation), and research authorization by governmental bodies, are mentioned and regulated in various documents, either governmental or specific, within the area of ethnobiology. This study aims to explore how these matters are considered in the scope of published ethnobotany articles in Brazil, as well as whether the creation of the Provisional Measure 2.186-16/2001 has contributed to the national advance of these matters. The methodology comprised a literature review of articles focusing on medicinal and food plant resources in the prominent Brazilian journals which publish ethnobotany studies. From 137 articles analyzed, 8 mentioned the return of research results to the community; 21 explicitly cited the use of free or prior and informed consent; and 13 mentioned the authorization of governmental bodies. We expect that the present study will contribute to the debate regarding the necessity of reformulation of the current system, which would guarantee a more effective rapport between the government, researchers, local communities, and society and contribute to the development of ethnobotany in Brazil.

The ethnobotany of the Semelai community at Tasek Bera, Pahang, Malaysia: an ethnographic approach for re-settlement.

Mohamad, Sapura
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2010
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Plants and environment play important roles in the Semelai’s living culture. This association and dependency upon plants and other natural resources, however, is deteriorating due to the depletion of these resources. Fieldwork was conducted in Tasek Bera, Pahang, Malaysia, with the objective of interrogating the ethnobotany of the Semelai, an Indigenous community locally known as Orang Asli Semelai who have lived within these wetlands territories for more than 600 years. The Tasek Bera is being one of RAMSAR's internationally protected and monitored habitats and contributes to the significance of this Indigenous community being studied. Participant observation, in order to have indepth understanding, was carried out where a selection of respondents was questioned about their knowledge and expertise. This ethnographic research was directed at investigating and evaluating Indigenous knowledge and environmental heritage which started within the ambit of ethnobotany. This thesis offers insights to the reader from a multi-disciplinary perspective that engages in a wide body of interdisciplinary works including sociology, landscape planning, architecture, anthropology, ethnobotany and ethnology. Taking ethnology to its most general definition...

Shamanism or science?

GOTTLIEB,OTTO R.; BORIN,MARIA RENATA DE M.B.
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Ciências Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2002 EN
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The interconnection of the three organismic levels, metabolism, morphology, and biogeography, can now be amplified into a multipart architecture, introducing plant bioactivity through ethnobotany-oriented descriptions. Only via such an integrative model, the diverse organismic levels can be connected within a more holistic, realistic scheme. Construction of qualitative and quantitative models via evolutionarily conceived implantation into dahlgrenograms and Sporne indices, allows ethnobotany to acquire predictive validity. The coherence of such systems was demonstrated by comparison of the vast ethnobotanical Brazilian database by Pio Corrêa with relatively very minute databases referring to three Amazonian Indian societies.

Ethnobotany genomics - discovery and innovation in a new era of exploratory research

Newmaster, Steven G; Ragupathy, Subramanyam
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.45%
We present here the first use of DNA barcoding in a new approach to ethnobotany we coined "ethnobotany genomics". This new approach is founded on the concept of 'assemblage' of biodiversity knowledge, which includes a coming together of different ways of knowing and valorizing species variation in a novel approach seeking to add value to both traditional knowledge (TK) and scientific knowledge (SK). We employed contemporary genomic technology, DNA barcoding, as an important tool for identifying cryptic species, which were already recognized ethnotaxa using the TK classification systems of local cultures in the Velliangiri Hills of India. This research is based on several case studies in our lab, which define an approach to that is poised to evolve quickly with the advent of new ideas and technology. Our results show that DNA barcoding validated several new cryptic plant species to science that were previously recognized by TK classifications of the Irulas and Malasars, and were lumped using SK classification. The contribution of the local aboriginal knowledge concerning plant diversity and utility in India is considerable; our study presents new ethnomedicine to science. Ethnobotany genomics can also be used to determine the distribution of rare species and their ecological requirements...

Etnobotánica: aprovechamiento tradicional de plantas y patrimonio cultural; Ethnobotany: traditional management of plants and cultural heritage

Pardo de Santayana, Manuel; Gómez Pellón, Eloy
Fonte: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España) Publicador: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)
Tipo: Artículo
SPA
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The scope of Ethnobotany is to study the relationships between plants and people. The discipline has been growing rapidly in Spain over the last twenty years. Its main objective is to study traditional uses and knowledge of plants. Radical change in life style and in the relationship internature have been brought about by modifications to rural societies over the last few decades. Not many years ago knowledge of plants and their uses was essential to settle basic needs of the population. Migration from rural areas and social and cultural changes have forged a gap between generations that has interrupted communication of this kind of knowledge and loss of a rich heritage. Gathering popular wisdom and traditions, that are important part of the identity and cultural personality of people, is a priority.; La etnobotánica estudia las relaciones entre los seres humanos y los vegetales. En España ha recibido un notable desarrollo en los últimos veinte años. Su principal objetivo son los conocimientos sobre plantas y sus utilidades en la cultura popular tradicional. Las transformaciones acontecidas en las sociedades rurales en las últimas décadas han provocado cambios radicales en los modos de vida y especialmente en las relaciones con la naturaleza. Hasta no hace muchos años el conocimiento de las plantas y sus usos era fundamental para solucionar las necesidades vitales de la población. El despoblamiento rural y los cambios socioculturales han provocado un salto generacional que impide la transmisión oral de estos conocimientos...