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Histórias contadas no feminino em três romances de Jane Urquhart

Nogueira, Ana Mafalda Oliveira
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.06%
Assistiu-se nas últimas décadas do século XX a um assinalável ressurgimento da ficção histórica, um interessante fenómeno que se estendeu a várias literaturas (da anglo-saxónica à latino-americana) e que devolveu a este género literário o prestígio e a relevância de que tinha gozado quando, no século XIX, Walter Scott lhe deu forma. Este interesse da literatura pela história e pelo passado foi acompanhado por intenso trabalho teórico desenvolvido sob a influência do pós-modernismo, pós-colonialismo e do movimento feminista acerca do processo de escrita da história, tendo-se salientado a forma como têm sido tradicionalmente excluídos da historiografia oficial grupos sociais desprovidos de poder e de influência política: as mulheres, as minorias étnicas, as classes trabalhadoras e os povos colonizados. O presente trabalho irá debruçar-se sobre esta temática, abordando, numa primeira parte, as questões de natureza teórica que problematizam a escrita da história e a sua relação com a literatura e, numa segunda parte, irá analisar três romances históricos da escritora canadiana Jane Urquhart que dão voz a grupos usualmente marginalizados pelas versões oficiais da história: imigrantes, trabalhadores e...

The New Comparative Economics

Djankov, Simeon; Glaeser, Edward; La Porta, Rafael; Lopez-de-Silanes, Florencio; Shleifer, Andrei
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.06%
In recent years, comparative economics experienced a revival, with a new focus on comparing capitalist economies. The theme of the new research is that institutions exert a profound influence on economic development. The authors argue that, to understand capitalist institutions, one needs to understand the basic tradeoff between the costs of disorder and those of dictatorship. They then apply this logic to study the structure of efficient institutions, the consequences of colonial transplantation, and the politics of institutional choice.

A Goy Fiddler on the Roof. How the Non-Jewish Participants of the Klezmer Revival in Kraków Negotiate Their Polish Identity in a Confrontation with Jewishness

WALIGORSKA, Magdalena
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.58%
The revival of Jewish traditional music in Krakow, performed mostly by non-Jews, provokes the question about the relation of ethnic identity and ethnic music. How do Polish klezmer musicians and cultural organizers identify themselves with the Jewish culture that they cultivate? The interviews with the members of the klezmer milieu in Krakow indicate that the revival provokes them to undergo a complex process of negotiating their Polish identity in confrontation with Jewishness and the Jewish outlook on Polish history. The experience with the music of the others inspires them to revise their national myths and stereotypes. While doing that they adopt various techniques that help them achieve a positive identification with their ingroup.

Unresolved ethnic conflict and religious revival in Russia the Chechen element

Mitchell, Shenequa L.
Fonte: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.72%
The present thesis treats a case study of ethnic tension in Russia of the 21st century and the impact of this episode on Russian nationalism in the present. As social, cultural and political issues have resurfaced between contemporary ethnic Russians and members of the Northern Caucasus-Chechen minority group, this centuries-old-ethnic conflict continues into the present in a battle over territorial integrity and national self-determination. After withstanding two "Chechen Wars" over the past decade, such chaotic events as a restaurant brawl on August 30th, 2006 between Chechens and ethnic Russians continue to fuel ethnic, national, and religious dissension throughout the Post-Soviet Region. This development has fostered the organization of such groups as the "Movement Against Illegal Immigration." Certain members of Russian society view the conflicts as driven by economic and political factors, while many government officials have refused to even label this crisis as an "ethnic conflict". Nonetheless, it can not be refuted that these ongoing tensions appear to be driven by violence with roots in the past--violence that can be traced back to Tsarist Rule. Furthermore, the present struggle between ethnic Russians and their "Near-Abroad Others" (i.e....

Religion and identity in Montenegro

DZANKIC, Jelena
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Parte de Livro
EN
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16.06%
This chapter explores the role of religion in the reconstruction of national/ethnic categories in Montenegro, paying particular attention to the period of religious revival after the breakup of Yugoslavia. It argues that religious identities became an essential yet politicised aspect of the way people saw themselves nationally. Hence, religious association became a component of political identities in the discourse of political elites, while religious leaders sought to emphasise belonging to a certain religious group as a manifestation of one’s ethno-national identity.

A fragmented Ukraine part of the West or apart from the West?

Madsen, Michael D.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 69 p. : col. ill., col. maps
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16.23%
This thesis examines the formation of Ukrainian national identity. The formation of this national identity will determine the pace and direction of Ukrainian modernization and unfolds in concert with the unification of Europe; the further progress of NATO enlargement and the revival of Russian nationalism at the end of the first decade of this century. The Ukrainian process is logically suggested by the country's neighbor: Poland. In the Polish model since 1989, national identity and a leading role in a uniting Europe sped the pace of reform. Modern-day Ukraine has all the attributes of a state except a consolidated national identity. The primary internal reasons for the lack of national identity are the interpretations of the history of the Ukrainian people, ethnic composition, and regional loyalties. Furthermore, the interference of Russia on ethnic, linguistic, regional, and economic levels exacerbates the present divisions in Ukrainian society. As this thesis reveals, the process of nation-building is intertwined with statebuilding. The United States and European Union member states have an important stake in the outcome of this process because it will not only significantly shape Ukraine's foreign policy orientation...

Language Policies and Law in Education in Post-Soviet Belarus

ULASIUK, Iryna
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.06%
The dissolution of the Soviet Union brought to the fore claims of linguistic minorities which had been ignored a way too long. In almost all of the former Soviet republics language became an impetus to national revival and an important instrument in consolidating the newly independent states. Belarus has stood aloof in this process. 'The most de-nationalised of the non-Russian successor states', with its language subjected to a high degree of Russification Belarus was the least successful in shifting to the titular language. This is despite the fact that more than 80% of the population identify themselves as Belarusian in ethnic terms. With Russian being the de facto main language, and Belarusian playing largely a symbolic function, the position of other languages spoken by minority groups residing within the territory of Belarus seems indeed precarious. The present paper seeks to identify the main tendencies in the development of language legislation in Belarus in the area of education which has traditionally been considered as determinant for the survival of the language. It investigates the place the Belarus in legislation in the field of education reserves for the language rights of the titular nation and those of national minorities.

The revival of Islam in the Balkans : from identity to religiosity

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Livro
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.06%
This book challenges top-down analytical frameworks that view Islam in the Balkans as a repository of ethno-national identities and/or a potential 'depot' of conflict between and among nations. It outlines a new conceptual framework in which believers are endowed with the capacity to choose and resist broad classifications amidst the competitive market of religion following the fall of communism. Written by researchers with extensive and hands-on experience in the field, the book provides cross-country evidence on the reconfiguration of state-organized religious fields and the emergence of new actors and forms of religiosity. Combining a fresh analytical perspective with rich empirical analysis, the book furthers the understanding of Islam particularly with regard to the relation between state and religion, the role of foreign influences, the diversity of actors who speak for Islam, the processes of individualization of faith, and the evolution and traits of Islam in the European context.; -- Acknowledgments -- Notes on Contributors -- Introduction: Nation, State and Faith in the Post-Communist Era; Arolda Elbasani -- PART I: THE PREVAILING PUBLIC DISCOURSE ON ISLAM -- 1. Islam and Orientalism in Contemporary Albania; Enis Sulstarova -- 2. Anti-Islamic Public Discourse in Contemporary Greece: The Reproduction of Religious Panic; Alexandros Sakellariou -- 3. Faith and Politics in Kosovo: The Status of Religious Communities in a Secular Country; Jeton Mehmeti -- PART II: MUSLIMS' PURSUIT OF FAITH AND RELIGIOSITY -- 4. The Loudspeaker of Faith in the 'Calm' City: Islam and Urban Diversity in the Contemporary Balkans; Jelena Tošic -- 5. Muslim Women's Dress Practices in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Localising Islam through Everyday Lived Practice; Andreja Mesaric -- 6. The Multiple Voices of Bulgaria's Unofficial Islamic Leaders; Laura J. Olson -- 7. Love and Boundaries: Inter-Faith and Inter-Ethnic Relationships Among Macedonian-Speaking Muslims; Anna Zadrozna -- 8. 'Holiness' Constructed: Anonymous Saints in the Popular Traditions of Muslim Roma Communities in the Balkans; Ksenia Trofimova -- PART III: RELIGIOUS BELIEFS...

Christian missions in Eastern New Guinea : a study of European, South Sea Island and Papuan influences, 1877-1942

Wetherell, David Fielding
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.06%
This study examines the relations among the various ethnic groups concerned in the conversion of the eastern Papuan people to Christianity, the response of the Massim people and their neighbours to this process, and the nature of the indigenous Christian leadership that emerged. Between 1877 and 1942, several groups of missionaries were influential in eastern New Guinea. The first were the Pacific Islands missionaries of the London Missionary Society who arrived in 1877. They were followed in 1891 by Anglicans and Methodists and the first European L.M.S. missionaries. Direct L.M.S. influence ceased, however, when the resident missionary at Kwato formed the Kwato Extension Association in 1918. A scrutiny of Kwato, Methodist and Anglican missionary methods reveals different approaches to traditional cultures and varying standards of civilization and Christianity. The first two missions derived their emphasis from the Evangelical Revival and were not diffident in setting forth their views about fallen man. They believed in the beneficent role of British civilization in human progress and thought that the law of man should conform to the law of God; so they devoted their energy to campaigns against features of heathen society which fell short of this standard. The Anglicans...

Ethnicity and ethnic relations in Sarawak

Jehom, Welyne Jeffrey
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (Masters)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.78%
This study mms to address some of the issues relating to ethnic relations in Sarawak. It discusses the reasons behind the nonintegration ethnic groups in the culturally plural society in Sarawak. There are three main reasons focused on in this study: the nonintegration due to the inter-tribal warfare and headhunting during the pre-colonial period, the artificial ethnic markers and segregation program imposed by the Brooke government and the significance of ethnic identification within the continuation of etlmic separateness. The analysis was conducted by comparing the situations of ethnic relations during the pre-colonial period, the Brooke rule (1841-1941 ), and the post-colonial. During the pre-colonial period, the practices of headhunting and intertribal warfare between the native groups in Sarawak were the main reasons for the hostility and tensions between them. The dominant Iban group, which was the most notorious of all, raided other groups for heads to fulfill the requirement of their traditional ritual ( Gawai). This situation was heightened with constant raids by the Iban alliance with the Malay for economic purposes. Thus, interaction was merely among dispersed minority groups. The antagonistic relation...

Making multiple skins : tattooing and identity formation in French Polynesia

Kuwahara, Makiko
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.29%
This thesis examines hoe people situate themselves in the world, physically and ideologically through manipulating the body. Acknowledging that the body is constructed socially and culturally, it analyses tattooing of contemporary Tahiti in French Polynesia, on the basis of ethnographic fieldwork. Tahitian tattooing was embedded in a social and cosmological system in the pre/ early contact period, and it had been transformed through interaction with Europeans and Christianization. Since it was abandoned due to missionaries' suppression in the 1830s, there was an undeniable absence oftattooing in Tahitian history until its revival in the 1980s. The socio-cultural implications of tattooing in the pre-/early contact period were displaced by those of youth culture, globalization, modernization, and prison culture. The thesis examines this discontinuous nature of Tahitian tattooing which is different from other Polynesian tattooing such as Samoan, and its impact on the contemporary revival. It also aims to address the issues of corporeality, spatiality, temporality, and ideology of tattooing. The thesis explores the formation of identities and social relationships, through examining the mobility and confinement of people...

Identidade intercultural e descentramento do(s) cânones : the woman warrior...

Azevedo, Carlos
Fonte: Porto : Universidade do Porto. Faculdade de Letras Publicador: Porto : Universidade do Porto. Faculdade de Letras
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.06%
This article, taking as a starting point Maxine H. Kingstons' The Woman Warrior, argues for this woman writer as a representative of the so-called Seventies's ethnic revival, an author in whom the intercultural identity is defined by the alternating horizons of Chinese culture and "mainstream" culture. The central argument of this paper calls for a further reference to Kingston's renegotiation of myth and folk legend, and to her opposition to the then dominant literary cânon.

Self and Other in the Renaissance: Laonikos Chalkokondyles and Late Byzantine Intellectuals

Akisik, Aslihan
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.23%
The capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman armies of Mehmed II in 1453 was a cataclysmic event that reverberated throughout Renaissance Europe. This event intensified the exodus of Byzantines to Italy and beyond and they brought along with them the heritage of Greek antiquity. Laonikos Chalkokondyles contributed to the Renaissance with his detailed application of Herodotos to the fifteenth century, Apodeixis Historion, and made sense of the rise of the Ottomans with the lens of ancient history. The Apodeixis was printed in Latin, French, and Greek and was widely successful. The historian restored Herodotean categories of ethnicity, political rule, language, and geography to make sense of contemporary events and peoples. This was a thorough study of ancient historiography and Laonikos thus parted ways with previous Byzantine historians. I refer to Laonikos' method as "revolutionary classicizing", to describe the ways in which he abandoned the ideal of lawful imperium and restored the model of oriental tyranny when he described the nascent Ottoman state. What appears to be emulation of the ancient classics was radical revival of political concepts such as city-states as ethnic units, freedom defined as independence from foreign rule...

Kuahí: the indians of the Lower Oiapoque and their museum

Vidal,Lux
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Antropologia (ABA) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Antropologia (ABA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 EN
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26.29%
In recent decades we have witnessed a proliferation of museums, including indigenous museums, with an emphasis on regionalization and active participation of the collectivities in which they are inserted. This article involves the implementation of the Museum of the Indigenous Peoples of Oiapoque, which was a request made by the four ethnic groups that inhabit the region - the Palikur, Galibi Kali'na, Karipuna and Galibi Marworno - to the governor of Amapá in 1998. Since then, projects and actions have been realized for the revival and strengthening of the cultural heritage of these peoples that inhabit the far north of Brazil, on the border with French Guyana. We present these actions, their consequences and the articulation among partnerships (with indigenous organizations, government agencies and NGOs), which led to the development and operation of a regional museological institution that is dedicated to housing, preserving and promoting the cultural archives of these peoples, and to training indigenous museology technicians, teachers and researchers. Finally we address the importance of the different collections about these indigenous peoples that have been formed over the past two decades and report of the exhibitions mounted at the Kuahí Museum in Oiapoque and at the Museum of the Indian in Rio de Janeiro...

Ethnic revival: actitudes, políticas y usos lingüísticos de los alemanes del Volga en la Argentina

Hipperdinger, Yolanda
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá. Servicio de Publicaciones
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.94%
Presentamos en este artículo datos sobre la existencia actual de un ethnic revival entre los descendientes de inmigrantes alemanes del Volga en la Argentina, entre quienes la conservación de la lengua de origen, que fue comparativamente prolongada respecto de otros grupos alóctonos radicados en el país, se halla hoy en clara retracción. Nos centramos, en particular, en las ‘presentaciones en sociedad’ que publican en línea las principales asociaciones étnicas de la comunidad, y sobre esos materiales registramos y analizamos qué se dice de la lengua propia y qué se consigna en ella. Sobre esa base, iniciamos indagaciones acerca de cómo se imbrican en ese marco las cuestiones actitudinales, las políticas lingüísticas comunitarias y los usos del alemán que se realizan desde la referida posición modélica.; Ethnic revival: linguistic attitudes, policies and uses of the Volga Germans in Argentina. This article presents data on the current existence of an ethnic revival among the descendants of the Volga German immigrants in Argentina, among whom the preservation of the source language, which was comparatively prolonged with respect other allochthonous groups residing in the country, is now clearly in retraction. We especially focus on the ‘presentations in society’ which have been published online by the community’s main ethnic associations...

Ethnic nationalist challenge to multi-ethnic state: Inner Mongolia and China.

Hao, Temtsel
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.41%
This thesis examines the resurgence of Mongolian nationalism since the onset of the reforms in China in 1979 and the impact of this resurgence on the legitimacy of the Chinese state. The period of reform has witnessed the revival of nationalist sentiments not only of the Mongols, but also of the Han Chinese (and other national minorities). This development has given rise to two related issues: first, what accounts for the resurgence itself; and second, does it challenge the basis of China's national identity and of the legitimacy of the state as these concepts have previously been understood. During the period under examination (1979- 1993), an important shift in the basis of the legitimization of the Chinese State occurred. This shift paralleled the decline in significance of the Communist ideology both in China and worldwide and the corresponding rise of Chinese nationalism officially designated as patriotism (ai guo zhu yi). These developments have shaped the re-emergence of Mongolian nationalism in China, which in turn challenges aspects of the basis of China's statehood. In order to chart the complex inter-relationship between the Mongols and the Chinese state, it is necessary to adopt an historical perspective. The history of Mongolian self-rule...

The king's nation: A study of the emergence and development of nation and nationalism in Thailand.

Sturm, Andreas
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.06%
This thesis presents an overview over the history of the concepts of nation and nationalism in Thailand. Based on the ethno-symbolist approach to the study of nationalism, this thesis proposes to see the Thai nation as a result of a long process, reflecting the three-phases-model (ethnie, pre-modern and modern nation) for the potential development of a nation as outlined by Anthony Smith. The four main points put forward by this thesis are as follows: First, the Thai nation is the result of a long process with roots within several cultural cores. When the modern nation came into being in the early Bangkok period, it was characterised by an indigenous interpretation different from the western understanding of a nation. Second, Thai nationalism as an ideology originated in the mid-nineteenth century. It was a consequence of an intra-elite struggle between the nobility and the monarchy. The kings actively used nationalism to strengthen their position and to bind the loyalty of the people to their institution. As a result, Thai nationalism at the very beginning was 'monarchical' with the monarch himself embedding the nation and lacking a popular component. Third, Thai nationalism in the twentieth century was characterised by alternate interpretations of the nations by different ruling elite groups. This resulted in three competing nationalisms...