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Influence of bioturbation by Hediste diversicolor on mercury fluxes from estuarine sediments: A mesocosms laboratory experiment

Cardoso, P. G.; Lillebø, A. I.; Lopes, C. B.; Pereira, E.; Duarte, A. C.; Pardal, M. A.
Fonte: Universidade de Coimbra Publicador: Universidade de Coimbra
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: aplication/PDF
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.72%
Mercury, with its reactive forms being the most deleterious for the trophic chains, has been identified as a major pollutant in a few confined bodies of the coastal zone. Due to feeding, burrowing, and bioirrigation activities, infauna are known to play a crucial role in the biogeochemical processes of contaminants. The main goal of the present study is to evaluate the effects of Hediste diversicolor bioturbation on mercury fluxes from estuarine sediments in a mesocosms laboratory experiment. Additionally, an attempt was made to establish a relationship between the amount of remobilised mercury to the water column and the degree of contamination of the sediments using a mercury contamination gradient.; http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V6N-4R8PNWJ-2/1/5d43d469824376bba020e522a32a30f9

Sedimentary Organic Matter in Cores of the Cananeia-Iguape Lagoonal-Estuarine System, Sao Paulo State, Brazil

BARCELLOS, R. L.; CAMARGO, P. B.; GALVAO, A.; WEBER, R. R.
Fonte: COASTAL EDUCATION & RESEARCH FOUNDATION Publicador: COASTAL EDUCATION & RESEARCH FOUNDATION
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.73%
Sedimentary organic matter is a good tool for environmental evaluation where the sediments are deposited. We determined the elemental and C- and N-isotopic compositions of 211 sub-surface sediment samples from 13 cores (ranging from 18 to 46cm), collected in the Cananeia-Iguape estuarine-lagoonal system. The aim of this research is to evaluate the environmental variations of this tropical coastal micro-tidal system over the last decades, through SOM distribution. The studied parameters show differences between the cores located in the northern (sandy-silt sediments) and southern (sand and silty-sand) portions. The whole area presents a mixed organic matter origin signature (local mangrove plants: < -25.6 parts per thousand PDB/ phytoplancton delta(13)C values: -19.4 parts per thousand PDB). The northern cores, which submitted higher sedimentation deposition (1.46cm year(-1)), are more homogenous, presenting lower delta(13)C (< -25.2 parts per thousand PDB) and higher C/N values (in general >14), directly related to the terrestrial input from Ribeira de Iguape River (24,000 km(2) basin). The southern portion presents lower sedimentation rates (0.38cm year(-1)) and is associated to a small river basin (1,340 km(2)), presenting values Of delta(13)C: -25.0 to 23.0 parts per thousand PDB and of C/N ratio: 11 to 15. In general...

Investigação sobre a diversidade microbiana e a filogenia de arquéias e bactérias em consórcios anaeróbios metanogênicos, originados de sedimentos estuarinos enriquecidos com clorofenóis; Investigation on the microbial diversity and phylogeny of archaea and bacteria in anaerobic methanogenic consortium from enriched estuarine sediments with pentachlorophenol (PCP) and 2,6-dichlorophenol (2,6-DCP)

Domingues, Mercia Regina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/11/2007 PT
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56.68%
Este trabalho investigou a diversidade microbiana e a filogenia de arquéias e bactérias em consórcios anaeróbios metanogênicos, originados de sedimentos estuarinos enriquecidos com pentaclorofenol (PCP) e 2,6-diclorofenol (2,6-DCP). Para tanto foram construídas bibliotecas genômicas e utilizados métodos moleculares independentes de cultivo como a Eletroforese em Gel de Gradiente Desnaturante (DGGE) e o seqüenciamento de segmentos específicos do DNAr 16S microbiano. Os resultados da DGGE permitiram verificar alterações na estrutura das comunidades microbianas, as quais provavelmente ocorreram devido às adversidades ocorridas nos sistemas durante o período de incubação como a entrada de oxigênio nos frascos e o acúmulo de compostos clorados no meio de cultivo, principalmente o 2,6-DCP. A estimativa da diversidade beta, realizada pela comparação dos padrões de bandas da DGGE, também permitiu inferir que as alterações nas composições das comunidades de arquéias e bactérias foram devidas às duas estratégias empregadas para o enriquecimento da microbiota autóctone do estuário estudado, ou seja, a pasteurização/não pasteurização das amostras de sedimentos estuarinos. Os resultados das análises filogenéticas revelaram que as seqüências analisadas dos clones bacterianos foram relacionadas ao grupo das bactérias Gram-positivas com baixo conteúdo de G+C pertencentes à Ordem Clostridiales (100%) do Filo Firmicutes e as das arquéias relacionadas ao grupo das metanogênicas pertencentes às Ordens Methanobacteriales (7...

Sazonalidade geoquímica multi-elementar em diferentes frações granulométricas de sedimentos do sistema estuariano de Santos - Cubatão/SP; Multi-elemental geochemical seasonality in different granulometric fractions of sediments at the estuary system of Santos - Cubatão / SP

Ludimila Berno
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/08/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.91%
O sistema estuarino de Santos-Cubatão (SP) está localizado em uma das áreas mais industrializadas da América Latina. Os estuários são ambientes de grande complexidade, onde ocorrem interrelações entre componentes geológicos, físicos, biológicos e químicos. O histórico de contaminação desse ambiente estuarino, decorrente de diferentes atividades antrópicas, pode resultar em altos níveis de contaminação, e os sedimentos podem representar uma fonte latente de elementos-traço para o ambiente aquático. Com o objetivo de investigar a variabilidade geoquímica sazonal de elementos-traço, os sedimentos de superfície dos principais rios deste sistema estuarino (Casqueiro, Cubatão, Cascalho, Morrão e Capivari) foram amostrados no inverno e no verão. Concentrações químicas multi-elementares em diferentes granulometrias (<63 mm, <177 mm e total), obtidas por ICP-MS, e os níveis de matéria orgânica foram relacionados. As texturas dos sedimentos estudados apresentaram característica silto-argilosa (64 a 87%). Os maiores níveis de matéria orgânica foram encontrados nos sedimentos do rio Morrão (10,92 a 12,05%), porém não foi observada relação com a granulometria. Em geral, os metais e metalóides foram mais concentrados na textura silto-argilosa...

Ecotoxicidade associada à contaminação por metais em sedimento no Rio Morrão, sistema estuarino de Santos-Cubatão, SP; Ecotoxicity associated with metal contamination in sediment of the Morrão River, Santos-Cubatão Estuarine System, São Paulo State (Brazil)

Gisele Witt Said
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/12/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.83%
O sedimento representa um importante compartimento na avaliação do nível de contaminação dos ecossistemas aquáticos, pois nele é possível observar o acúmulo e a integração de muitos contaminantes presentes. O sistema estuarino de Santos-Cubatão (SP) tem sido apontado como um ambiente sedimentar seriamente poluído, devido à emissão descontrolada de efluentes urbanos e industriais. Neste sistema, o rio Morrão (foco deste estudo) tem sofrido, em particular, o impacto de atividades nos últimos 60 anos de indústria de fertilizantes e siderurgia. Com o objetivo de avaliar a qualidade dos sedimentos deste ambiente, estudos da toxicidade e biodisponibilidade de alguns contaminantes e caracterização físico-química foram realizados durante a estação seca, em amostras coletadas ao longo da borda do manguezal. Na avaliação, vários parâmetros ambientais foram levantados, incluindo: determinação de monossulfetos volatilizáveis por acidificação (AVS) e metais simultaneamente extraídos (SEM); granulometria (caracterização da textura) e matéria orgânica (MO) dos sedimentos; análise da concentração total dos elementos químicos; e aplicação de testes ecotoxicológicos agudo (utilizando-se Tiburonella viscana) e crônico (copépodes Nitocra sp). Os resultados obtidos apresentaram sedimentos com a fração silte dominante (>60% do volume das amostras) e a MO mostrou valores entre 9...

A microcosm approach to evaluate the degradation of tributyltin (TBT) by Aeromonas molluscorum Av27 in estuarine sediments

Cruz, Andreia; Henriques, Isabel; Sousa, Ana C. A.; Baptista, Inês; Almeida, Adelaide; Takahashi, Shin; Tanabe, Shinsuke; Correia, António; Suzuki, Satoru; Anselmo, Ana; Mendo, Sónia
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.73%
Tributyltin (TBT) is a biocide extremely toxic to a wide range of organisms, which has been used for decades in antifouling paints. Despite its global ban in 2008, TBT is still a problem of great concern due to the high levels trapped in sediments. Aeromonas molluscorum Av27 is a TBT degrading bacterium that was isolated from an estuarine system. We investigated the ability and the role of this bacterium on TBT degradation in this estuarine system, using a microcosm approach in order to mimic environmental conditions. The experiment was established and followed for 150 days. Simultaneously, changes in the indigenous bacterial community structure were also investigated. The results revealed a maximum TBT degradation rate of 28% accompanied by the detection of the degradation products over time. Additionally, it was observed that TBT degradation was significantly enhanced by the presence of Av27. In addition a significantly higher TBT degradation occurred when the concentration of Av27 was higher. TBT degradation affected the bacterial community composition as revealed by the changes in the prevalence of Proteobacteria subdivisions, namely the increase of Deltaproteobacteria and the onset of Epsilonproteobacteria. However, the addition of Av27 strain did not affect the dominant phylotypes. Total bacterial number...

Biomarkers in Solea Senegalensis Kaup, 1858 exposed to contaminated estuarine sediments: a multi-level approach

Costa, Pedro Manuel Broa
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.79%
Thesis submitted to the Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Environmental Sciences; Estuarine sediments can be a reservoir of contaminants from several sources, among which can be found pollutants of anthropogenic origin that, under certain circumstances, may be returned available to the biota. Nevertheless, assessment of the toxicological potential of sediment-bound xenobiotics has many constraints, especially related to the complex geochemical nature of the sediment matrix and to the potential existence of multiple classes of contaminants. In order to contribute to a weight-of-evidence approach to assess the ecological risk of estuarine sediments, an array of 28-day bioassays was enforced, in situ and in the laboratory, using juvenile Solea senegalensis as test subjects. The battery of assays aimed at contributing with two lines-of-evidence for an ecological risk assessment approach to the Sado Estuary, namely sediment chemistry and toxicity. For the purpose, three sites were selected (a reference plus two contaminated), from which sediments were collected and analysed for physical parameters and contaminant concentrations (both metallic and organic). Having the liver of tested fish been surveyed as the main target organ...

Nitrification and Denitrification in Lake and Estuarine Sediments Measured by the 15N Dilution Technique and Isotope Pairing

Rysgaard, Søren; Risgaard-Petersen, Nils; Nielsen, Lars Peter; Revsbech, Niels Peter
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1993 EN
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46.86%
The transformation of nitrogen compounds in lake and estuarine sediments incubated in the dark was analyzed in a continuous-flowthrough system. The inflowing water contained 15NO3-, and by determination of the isotopic composition of the N2, NO3-, and NH4+ pools in the outflowing water, it was possible to quantify the following reactions: total NO3- uptake, denitrification based on NO3- from the overlying water, nitrification, coupled nitrification-denitrification, and N mineralization. In sediment cores from both lake and estuarine environments, benthic microphytes assimilated NO3- and NH4+ for a period of 25 to 60 h after darkening. Under steady-state conditions in the dark, denitrification of NO3- originating from the overlying water accounted for 91 to 171 μmol m-2 h-1 in the lake sediments and for 131 to 182 μmol m-2 h-1 in the estuarine sediments, corresponding to approximately 100% of the total NO3- uptake for both sediments. It seems that high NO3- uptake by benthic microphytes in the initial dark period may have been misinterpreted in earlier investigations as dissimilatory reduction to ammonium. The rates of coupled nitrification-denitrification within the sediments contributed to 10% of the total denitrification at steady state in the dark...

Effect of Salinity on Mercury-Methylating Activity of Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria in Estuarine Sediments †

Compeau, Geoffrey C.; Bartha, Richard
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1987 EN
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46.81%
The biomethylation of mercury was measured in anoxic estuarine sediments that ranged in salinity from 0.03 to 2.4% with or without added molybdate, an inhibitor of sulfate reducers. Mercury methylation was inhibited by molybdate by more than 95%, regardless of sediment salinity. In the absence of inhibitor, high-salinity sediments methylated mercury at only 40% of the level observed in low-salinity sediments. In response to molybdate inhibition of sulfate reducers, methanogenesis increased up to 258% in high-salinity sediments but only up to 25% in low-salinity sediments. In contrast to an earlier low-salinity isolate, a Desulfovibrio desulfuricans strain from high-salinity sediment required 0.5 M sodium for optimal growth and mercury methylation activity. The formation of negatively charged mercuric chloride complexes at high salinity did not noticeably interfere with the methylation process. Results of these studies demonstrate that sulfate reducers are responsible for mercury methylation in anoxic estuarine sediments, regardless of the prevailing salinity.

Development of a quantitative method for detecting enteroviruses in estuarine sediments.

Gerba, C P; Smith, E M; Melnick, J L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1977 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.76%
Several investigators have reported on the detection of enteric viruses in marine sediments, but none determined the efficiency of their methods and only limited volumes of sediment were sampled. The purpose of this investigation was to develop a quantitative method for detecting enteroviruses in marine sediments so that their relative proportion to viruses freely suspended in estuarine water could be more accurately determined. Poliovirus was found to adsorb readily to natural marine sediments collected along the Texas Gulf coast. A number of substances were evaluated for their ability to elute adsorbed viruses. A solution of 10% fetal calf serum adjusted to pH 10.5 and 0.05M ethylenediaminetetraacetate (pH 11.0) were found to be the best eluents. Using ethylenediaminetetraacetate as an eluent, it was possible to elute virus from large volumes of sediment and reconcentrate the sediment eluate into an economically assayable volume (30 to 50 ml). Poliovirus could be recovered from the sediment with an overall efficiency of 50%. This method was found to be satisfactory for the recovery of naturally occurring animal viruses in estuarine sediments from the upper Texas Gulf coast.

Anaerobic ortho Dechlorination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls by Estuarine Sediments from Baltimore Harbor

Berkaw, M.; Sowers, K. R.; May, H. D.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1996 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.9%
Reductive dechlorination of the ortho moiety of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) as well as of meta and para moieties is shown to occur in anaerobic enrichments of Baltimore Harbor sediments. These estuarine sediments ortho dechlorinated 2,3,5,6-chlorinated biphenyl (CB), 2,3,5-CB, and 2,3,6-CB in freshwater or estuarine media within a relatively short period of 25 to 44 days. ortho dechlorination developed within 77 days in marine medium. High levels of ortho dechlorination (>90%) occurred when harbor sediments were supplied with only 2,3,5-CB. Incubation with 2,3,4,5,6-CB or 2,3,4,5-CB resulted in the formation of the ortho dechlorination product 3,5-CB; however, para dechlorination of these congeners always preceded ortho chlorine removal. ortho dechlorination of PCBs is an exceedingly rare event that has not been reported previously for marine or estuarine conditions. The activity was reproducible and could be sustained through sequential transfers. In contrast, freshwater sediments incubated under the same conditions exhibited only meta and para dechlorinations. The results indicate that unique anaerobic dechlorinating activity is catalyzed by microorganisms in the estuarine sediments from Baltimore Harbor.

Diversity and Abundance of Nitrate Reductase Genes (narG and napA), Nitrite Reductase Genes (nirS and nrfA), and Their Transcripts in Estuarine Sediments▿

Smith, Cindy J.; Nedwell, David B.; Dong, Liang F.; Osborn, A. Mark
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.86%
Estuarine systems are the major conduits for the transfer of nitrate from agricultural and other terrestrial-anthropogenic sources into marine ecosystems. Within estuarine sediments some microbially driven processes (denitrification and anammox) result in the net removal of nitrogen from the environment, while others (dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium) do not. In this study, molecular approaches have been used to investigate the diversity, abundance, and activity of the nitrate-reducing communities in sediments from the hypernutrified Colne estuary, United Kingdom, via analysis of nitrate and nitrite reductase genes and transcripts. Sequence analysis of cloned PCR-amplified narG, napA, and nrfA gene sequences showed the indigenous nitrate-reducing communities to be both phylogenetically diverse and also divergent from previously characterized nitrate reduction sequences in soils and offshore marine sediments and from cultured nitrate reducers. In both the narG and nrfA libraries, the majority of clones (48% and 50%, respectively) were related to corresponding sequences from delta-proteobacteria. A suite of quantitative PCR primers and TaqMan probes was then developed to quantify phylotype-specific nitrate (narG and napA) and nitrite reductase (nirS and nrfA) gene and transcript numbers in sediments from three sites along the estuarine nitrate gradient. In general...

Urban activity and mercury contamination in estuarine and marine sediments (Southern Brazil)

Mirlean, Nicolai; Calliari, Lauro Julio; Baisch, Paulo Roberto Martins; Loitzenbauer, Ester; Shumilin, Evgueni
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.83%
The distribution of mercury in sediments of the Patos Lagoon estuary and nearby coastal marine deposits has been investigated for the period 1998???2008. Polluted urban soils and coastal reclamation fills are the principal sources of high mercury concentrations for shallow estuarine sediments. The shallow sediments that form near the urban area enter the navigation canal and are transported into the ocean. The mercury concentration in sediments of the navigation canal has considerably increased since 2004, due to intense reconstruction activity in the urban area. Periodic dredging of the canal strengthens the preconditions for coastal marine sediment contamination by mercury. However, this does not occur because the resuspended dredged sediments are significantly diluted by natural suspended particulate matter.

Mercury pollution sources in sediments of Patos lagoon estuary, Southern Brazil

Mirlean, Nicolai; Andrus, Vlad; Baisch, Paulo Roberto Martins
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.79%
Present study has continued the investigation on distribution of mercury in estuarine sediments of Patos Lagoon which began whilst assessing the after-effect of enormous accidental discharge of sulfuric acid into the estuary. An attempt to evaluate the contribution of anthropogenic effluents on mercury pollution in sediments was undertaken. The effluents from Rio Grande City sewages were categorized into four groups based on their sources. Comparison of mercury concentrations from those, indicated that domestic effluent was prevalent. Apparent geographic controls of effluent locations enriched in mercury on zones of polluted estuarine sediments were also revealed. Insufficient control on waste collecting and absence of sewage treatment are considered the principal causes of mercury pollution in estuarine sediments.

Arsenic pollution in Patos lagoon estuarine sediments, Brazil

Mirlean, Nicolai; Andrus, Vlad; Baisch, Paulo Roberto Martins; Griep, Gilberto; Casartelli, Maria Regina de Oliveira
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.83%
Arsenic distribution in sediments of the Mirim???Patos lagoonal system is investigated. Deposits of fresh water Mirim Lagoon and those of the fresh water part of the Patos Lagoon contain 2.5 and 7.7 mgkg 1, respectively, on average of total arsenic. In contrast, estuarine sediments of the Patos Lagoon are evidently contaminated by arsenic in high concentrations (up to 50 mg kg 1), and about 80% of the arsenic there is found in a bioavailable form. Analytical data coupled with direct, visual observations of estuarine water contamination by raw phosphorites and fertilizers suggest that the major source of arsenic in the estuarine sediments originated from the fertilizer industry.

An integrative assessment to determine the genotoxic hazard of estuarine sediments: combining cell and whole-organism responses

Costa, Pedro Manuel; Pinto, Miguel; Vicente, Ana M.; Gonçalves, Cátia; Rodrigo, Ana P.; Louro, Henriqueta; Costa, Maria Helena; Caeiro, Sandra; Silva, Maria João
Fonte: Frontiers Publicador: Frontiers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/12/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.73%
Creative Commons Attribution License; The application of the Comet assay in environmental monitoring remains challenging in face of the complexity of environmental stressors,e.g.,when dealing with estuarine sediments,that hampers the drawing of cause-effect relationships. Although the in vitro The application of the Comet assay in environmental monitoring remains challenging in face of the complexity of environmental stressors, e.g., when dealing with estuarine sediments, that hampers the drawing of cause-effect relationships. Although the in vitro Comet assay may circumvent confounding factors, its application in environmental risk assessment (ERA) still needs validation. As such, the present work aims at integrating genotoxicity and oxidative DNA damage induced by sediment-bound toxicants in HepG2 cells with oxidative stress-related effects observed in three species collected from an impacted estuary. Distinct patterns were observed in cells exposed to crude mixtures of sediment contaminants from the urban/industrial area comparatively to the ones from the rural/riverine area of the estuary, with respect to oxidative DNA damage and oxidative DNA damage. The extracts obtained with the most polar solvent and the crude extracts caused the most significant oxidative DNA damage in HepG2 cells...

Occurrence and behavior of butyltins in intertidal and shallow subtidal surface sediments of an estuarine beach under different sampling conditions

SANTOS, Dayana Moscardi dos; SANT'ANNA, Bruno Sampaio; SANDRON, Daniela Corsino; SOUZA, Sara Cardoso de; CRISTALE, Joyce; MARCHI, Mary Rosa Rodrigues de; TURRA, Alexander
Fonte: ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.73%
Contamination by butyltin compounds (BTs) has been reported in estuarine environments worldwide, with serious impacts on the biota of these areas. Considering that BTs can be degraded by varying environmental conditions such as incident light and salinity, the short-term variations in such factors may lead to inaccurate estimates of BTs concentrations in nature. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the possibility that measurements of BTs in estuarine sediments are influenced by different sampling conditions, including period of the day (day or night), tidal zone (intertidal or subtidal), and tides (high or low). The study area is located on the Brazilian southeastern coast, Sao Vicente Estuary, at Pescadores Beach, where BT contamination was previously detected. Three replicate samples of surface sediment were collected randomly in each combination of period of the day, tidal zone, and tide condition, from three subareas along the beach, totaling 72 samples. BTs were analyzed by GC-PFPD using a tin filter and a VF-5 column, by means of a validated method. The concentrations of tributyltin (TBT), dibutyltin (DBT), and monobutyltin (MBT) ranged from undetectable to 161 ng Sn g(-1) (d.w.). In most samples (71%), only MBT was quantifiable...

Ecotoxicological assessment of sediments from the Santos and São Vicente estuarine system- Brazil

Cesar,Augusto; Pereira,Camilo Dias Seabra; Santos,Aldo Ramos; Abessa,Denis Moledo de Sousa; Fernández,Nuria; Choueri,Rodrigo Brasil; DelValls,Tomaz Angel
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto Oceanográfico
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.83%
Sediments represent an important repository of pollutants and a source of contamination for the aquatic food web. Toxicity tests using amphipods as test-organisms have been employed in the assessment of marine and estuarine sediments, together with chemical analyses. The present work aimed to evaluate the quality of sediments from six stations situated in the Santos and São Vicente Estuarine and Harbour System (São Paulo - Brazil) using acute whole sediment toxicity tests with amphipods (Tiburonella viscana) and chemical analyses of metals, PCB's, and PAH's. Other sediment parameters, such as organic carbon and grain size distribution were also analysed. Higher contamination levels were observed in the internal portion of the estuary, where Santos harbour and the industrial zone are located. The toxicity tests showed significant adverse results for most of the samples tested, and the sediments from the internal portion of the estuary presented the highest toxicity. The principal component analyses (PCA) indicated a close relationship between sediment contamination and toxicity. Positive correlation of these factors in the samples studied was used to establish the ranges of the chemical concentrations associated with adverse effects. Such ranges allowed the estimation of preliminary effect threshold values for sediment contamination...

Ecotoxicological assessment of sediments from the Santos and São Vicente estuarine system- Brazil

Cesar, Augusto; Pereira, Camilo Dias Seabra; Santos, Aldo Ramos; Abessa, Denis Moledo de Sousa; Fernández, Nuria; Choueri, Rodrigo Brasil; DelValls, Tomaz Angel
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto Oceanográfico Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto Oceanográfico
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Peer-reviewed Article Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2006 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.83%
Sediments represent an important repository of pollutants and a source of contamination for the aquatic food web. Toxicity tests using amphipods as test-organisms have been employed in the assessment of marine and estuarine sediments, together with chemical analyses. The present work aimed to evaluate the quality of sediments from six stations situated in the Santos and São Vicente Estuarine and Harbour System (São Paulo - Brazil) using acute whole sediment toxicity tests with amphipods (Tiburonella viscana) and chemical analyses of metals, PCB's, and PAH's. Other sediment parameters, such as organic carbon and grain size distribution were also analysed. Higher contamination levels were observed in the internal portion of the estuary, where Santos harbour and the industrial zone are located. The toxicity tests showed significant adverse results for most of the samples tested, and the sediments from the internal portion of the estuary presented the highest toxicity. The principal component analyses (PCA) indicated a close relationship between sediment contamination and toxicity. Positive correlation of these factors in the samples studied was used to establish the ranges of the chemical concentrations associated with adverse effects. Such ranges allowed the estimation of preliminary effect threshold values for sediment contamination...

Trace Metal Geochemistry of Estuarine Sediments

Strom, Richard N.; Bopp III, Frederick; Biggs, Robert B.; Lepple, Frederick K.
Fonte: Newark, College of Marine Studies, University of Delaware. Publicador: Newark, College of Marine Studies, University of Delaware.
Tipo: Relatório
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This volume consists of three sections. The first part of this volume relates to the general distribution and composition of fine-grained sediments in the bay. In the second section, the relationship between the character of the fine-grained sediments and trace metal levels is developed. The third attempts to evaluate domestic sewage discharge as a source of metals in the estuarine environment.; This series was prepared under a grant from the National Geographic Society.