Página 1 dos resultados de 16 itens digitais encontrados em 0.000 segundos

O timbira falado pelos Canela Apaniekra : uma contribuição aos estudos da morfossintaxe de uma lingua Je

Flavia de Castro Alves
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/11/2004 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.87%
O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar uma descrição de aspectos fundamentais da morfossintaxe da língua Timbira falada pelos Apãniekrá da Área Indígena Porquinhos, localizada no interior do estado do Maranhão. O trabalho compreende seis capítulos. O capítulo 1 apresenta informações gerais relacionadas aos povos Timbira (quem e quantos são, sua localização e um breve histórico da minha relação com eles (como lingüista e como assessora lingüística)); os trabalhos anteriores sobre a(s) língua(s) falada(s) por esses povos e sobre a minha proposta de classificação, baseada na comparação dos inventários fonêmicos, das categorias de tempo, aspecto e modo, da ordem dos constituintes e da ergatividade morfológica, de serem duas as línguas dos povos Timbira (a língua Timbira, falada pelos povos Timbira à direita do Rio Tocantins (Apãniekrá, Ramkokamekrá, Krahô, Gavião Pykobjê e Krikatí) e pelos Gavião do Pará, e a língua Apinajé, falada pelos Apinajé que estão à esquerda do mesmo rio). O capítulo 2 apresenta uma análise de aspectos da fonologia do Apãniekrá, resultado de uma revisão da minha dissertação de mestrado. Os capítulos 3 a 5 apresentam uma descrição de tópicos selecionados da morfossintaxe do Apãniekrá que contribuem para uma compreensão mais aprofundada do fenômeno da ergatividade em Timbira e nas línguas Jê: o capítulo 3 (classes de palavras) apresenta as características semânticas...

Pronomes, ordem e ergatividade em Mebengokre (Kayapo)

Maria Amelia Reis Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/08/2001 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.94%
Esta Dissertação descreve e analisa o fenômeno da ergatividade em Mebengokre, língua do ramo setentrional da família ,Te falada pela nações Kayapó e Xikrin nos estados do Pará e Mato Grosso. O objetivo deste trabalho é discutir a natureza da ergatividade cindida do Mebengokre. Minha hipótese sobre a ergatividade do Mebengokre, língua canonicamente SOV, é a de que há uma forte relação entre posição ocupada pelo verbo, suas propriedades verbais e o sistema de caso da língua. O capítulo 1 consistitui uma introdução geral sobre o povo Mebengokre, sua língua, as estapas do trabalho de campo, bem como a apresentação do fenômeno gramatical conhecido como ergatividade, com especial referência à línguas da família Jê .O capítulo 2 focaliza aspectos da morfossintaxe verbal. Nele discute-se a distinção entre nomes e verbos; categorias verbais, processos de mudança de valência. O capítulo 3 está dedicado à descrição do sistema pronominal. A principal questão a ser problematizada neste capítulo diz respeito ao estatuto dos prefixos de pessoa enquanto categoria sintática, isto é, se são pronomes ou concordância. Por fim, o capítulo 4 retoma a discussão sobre a manifestação da ergatividade cindida...

Marcas pessoais, concordância de número e alinhamento em Xavánte

Santos, Juliana Pereira dos
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.87%
Dissertação (mestrado)—Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Letras, Departamento de Linguística, Português e Línguas Classicas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Linguística, 2008.; Nesta dissertação descrevemos aspectos da codificação de pessoa em Xavánte, língua pertencente ao sub-ramo central da família Jê, do tronco lingüístico Macro-Jê (Rodrigues 1999). Procuramos mostrar que uma descrição da codificação de pessoa em Xavánte inclui além das marcas pessoais – prefixos e pronomes – a combinação dessas marcas com partículas marcadoras de número, temas verbais simples e supletivos, tipos de predicados – ativos e estativos –, aspecto/modo de ação, e tipos de orações – dependentes e independentes. Mostramos que a marcação das distinções de número em Xavánte é decisiva na alternância de predicados ativos e estativos e, conseqüentemente, na manifestação de padrões distintos de alinhamento. Neste estudo reunimos evidências que fundamentam uma hipótese alternativa às já existentes sobre as diferentes formas morfossintáticas que tomam os predicados Xavánte, assim como as estruturas oracionais das quais são núcleos. A análise orientou-se pelos trabalhos de Dixon (1979, 1994)...

Ergative Case and the Transitive Subject: A View from Nez Perce

Deal, Amy Rose
Fonte: Springer Verlag Publicador: Springer Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.87%
Ergative case, the special case of transitive subjects, raises questions not only for the theory of case but also for theories of subjecthood and transitivity. This paper analyzes the case system of Nez Perce, a ”three-way ergative” language, with an eye towards a formalization of the category of transitive subject. I show that it is object agreement that is determinative of transitivity, and hence of ergative case, in Nez Perce. I further show that the transitivity condition on ergative case must be coupled with a criterion of subjecthood that makes reference to participation in subject agreement, not just to origin in a high argument-structural position. These two results suggest a formalization of the transitive subject as that argument uniquely accessing both high and low agreement information, the former through its (agreement-derived) connection with T and the latter through its origin in the specifier of a head associated with object agreement (v). In view of these findings, I argue that ergative case morphology should be analyzed not as the expression of a syntactic primitive but as the morphological spell-out of subject agreement and object agreement on a nominal.; Linguistics

Subject Preference and Ergativity

Polinsky, Maria; Gallo, Carlos Gomez; Graff, Peter; Kravtchenko, Ekaterina
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.58%
This paper presents the first-ever processing experiment on relativization in Avar, an ergative language with prenominal relatives. The results show no processing difference between the ergative subject gap and the absolutive object gap. The absolutive subject gap, however, is processed much faster. We propose a principled explanation for this result. On the one hand, Avar has a subject preference (cf. the Accessibility Hierarchy, Keenan and Comrie, 1977), which would make the processing of the ergative and the absolutive subject gap easier than the processing of the absolutive object gap. On the other hand, the ergative DP in a relative clause serves as a strong cue that allows the parser to project the remainder of the clause, including the absolutive object DP (cf. Marantz, 1991, 2000); such morphological cueing favors the absolutive object gap. Thus, two processing preferences, the one for subject relatives and the other for morphologically cued clauses, cancel each other out in terms of processing difficulty. As a result, reading time results for the ergative subject and absolutive object relative clauses are very similar. The overall processing results are significantly different from what is found in accusative languages, where subject preference and morphological cueing reinforce each other...

On the nature of ergativity

Levin, Beth C
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 373 leaves; 32667942 bytes; 32667699 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.87%
by Beth Carol Levin.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 1983.; MICROFICHE COPY AVAILABLE IN ARCHIVES AND ENGINEERING; Bibliography: leaves 367-373.

Diversidade linguística brasileira, as línguas páno e suas características ergativas

Abreu, Paulo Sérgio Reis de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Letras e Linguística (FL); Faculdade de Letras - FL (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Letras e Linguística (FL); Faculdade de Letras - FL (RG)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.58%
This work focuses on Brazilian linguistic diversity and, within it, the Páno family, from which was pointed out, under the grammatical point of view, the operation of the case systems. The study consists of an introduction, three chapters, a conclusion, bibliography and three appendices. Chapter 1 brings historical information on the linguistic diversity in Brazil at the time of the Portuguese incursion, the present situation of our languages, the methods for linguistic classification and its application on the Brazilian indigenous languages, and also aims at pointing out the importance of the descriptive linguistic studies of our autochthonous languages. Chapter 2 deals specifically with the Páno family, with the history of how the region where it is situated in South-West Amazonia was populated, with the various Páno people situated in Brazil, with classificatory efforts, with studies already carried out by Brazilian researchers, and also searches for establishing a vision of the genetic relationships between those different languages. The chapter 3 brings theoretical information on the study of ergativity, based on Dixon (1994), as well as an analysis of this grammatical phenomenon carried out by Lyons (1968). Afterwards...

A reference grammar of Paiwan

Chang, Anna Hsiou-chuan
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.58%
This thesis is a grammatical description ofNorth Paiwan, spoken in Santimen and Saichia townships in Pingtung County, Taiwan. This language is predicate-initial. Order of the arguments is flexible, as there is a preceding case marker indicating their syntactic role. Paiwan has fairly rich morphology. Like most Formosan languages, it has four morphologically marked voices: Actor Voice (A V), Goal Voice (GV), Instrument Voice (IV) and Locative Voice (LV). GV, IV and LV can be grouped under the heading ofNon-actor Voice (NAV). Topicality is the main factor determining choice among voice constructions. Although the alignment of argument case marking is seemingly consistent with ergativity, morphologically Paiwan is neither ergative nor accusative because neither A V Clauses nor NA V clauses are attested to be more basic. It is thus better classes as a morphologically symmetrical language. Syntactically it is not entirely a symmetrical language. Paiwan A V verbs may be transitive because an oblique argument may also bear some properties of core arguments. However, NAV verbs are more transitive than AV verbs. Syntactically, Paiwan resembles Tagalog, standing somewhere between ergativity and symmetricality. This thesis consists of fifteen chapters. Chapter 1 introduces the language...

The language of school textbooks and the ideology of science

Margaret Gillian Moss; Profesora departamento de lenguas, Universidad Del Norte
Fonte: Fundación Universidad del Norte Publicador: Fundación Universidad del Norte
Tipo: article; publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.58%
Much research has been devoted to problems related to the comprehension of science textbooks...However; less attention has been paid to their representation al science as such. This paper presents aspects of research aimed at characterizing the Language al texts used in social and natural Science courses, and its influence on learning processes. One central aspect is the worldview implicit in the language. This was investigated through analysis al transitivity and ergativity, grammatical metaphor and modality. Results suggest that science is presented as a series al events, classifications and definitions, in an impersonal context Science as human activity is absent The results al scientific Endeavour are presented as unquestionable facts Thus, the learner is excluded /ram participation in scientific activity and restricted to the role al passive observer. This, combined with the power hierarchies inevitably involved in classroom interaction, leaves the leaner in a position al helplessness in the /ace al a knowledgeable elite.

Nominalizations and aspect

Salanova, Andrés Pablo
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 151 p.
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.58%
Languages that have aspectually-conditioned ergativity splits generally oppose a "perfect" tense (often called perfective or aorist), with ergative-absolutive case pattern, to an imperfective where case marking follows the nominative-accusative pattern. The split exists in main clauses in several northern Je languages, among which Mebengokre, though in a slightly different form. MRbengokre opposes two verbal forms that roughly express an aspectual opposition between a "perfect", and a perfective or unmarked aspect. Rather than being two forms of the verb that differ simply in an aspectual feature, however, these forms (herein referred to as A and B, respectively) differ in many important respects: 1. Form A: (a) has a wide range of temporally stative interpretations when not embedded; (b) heads ergative-absolutive clauses; (c) is the only verbal form that can be embedded; (d) when embedded, its temporal and aspectual interpretation depend on that of the main clause; 2. Form B: (a) has a perfective interpretation; advances narrative time; (b) heads nominative-accusative clauses; (c) can't be embedded. In this dissertation, I propose that the opposition between the A and the B form boils down to an opposition between a truly verbal form (the B form) and a nominal form of the verb (the A form)...

'Optional' ergativity and the framing of reported speech

Rumsey, Alan
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.87%
This paper focuses on optional ergative marking in the Papuan language Ku Waru and the Australian Aboriginal language Bunuba, especially in constructions with verbs of speaking. It addresses two interrelated issues: (i) What semantic and pragmatic factors

Aspects of ergativity and reported speech in Ku Waru

Merlan, Francesca; Rumsey, Alan
Fonte: Pacific Linguistics Publicador: Pacific Linguistics
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.87%

Ergativity: some additions from Indonesia

Donohue, Mark; Brown, L
Fonte: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group Publicador: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.87%

Two Ergativities and Their Cultural Correlates; Two Ergativities and Their Cultural Correlates

Kracke, Waud; University of Illinois at Chicago
Fonte: Laboratório de Línguas e Literaturas Indígenas Publicador: Laboratório de Línguas e Literaturas Indígenas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Peer-reviewed Article; Avaliado por Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/12/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.17%
Two Ergativities and Their Cultural Correlates proposes a distinction between two types of languages with ergative structures: a group which includes languages partially ergative from the Jê family, and another group of languages constituted mainly by languages also partially ergative from the Tupí-Guaraní family. We discuss the cultural correspondences of these two types of ergative structures, based on observations of various Amazonian indigenous groups: some Jê groups, on the one hand, and various Tupí-Guaraní groups, on the other hand, among which, the Kawahíwa, Kayabí and Araweté, whose cultures will be focused.Keywords: Tupí-Guaraní, Jê, ergativity, cultural correspondences,  Amazonian languages; Two Ergativities and Their Cultural Correlates proposes a distinction between two types of languages with ergative structures: a group which includes languages partially ergative from the Jê family, and another group of languages constituted mainly by languages also partially ergative from the Tupí-Guaraní family. We discuss the cultural correspondences of these two types of ergative structures, based on observations of various Amazonian indigenous groups: some Jê groups, on the one hand, and various Tupí-Guaraní groups...

Debunking the I above YOU illusion

Junker, Marie-Odile
Fonte: LIAMES: Línguas Indígenas Americanas Publicador: LIAMES: Línguas Indígenas Americanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/04/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.58%
 The so-called "universal person hierarchy" has been shown to govern a number of linguistic phenomena like split ergativity and inverse systems. However, little attention has been given to the actual facts that result from a hierarchy between local persons. A careful examination of the data used as proof for ordering I above YOU demonstrates that such a hierarchy does not exist. Facts show that when there is an attested hierarchy between local persons is the one where YOU is above I.  Keywords: Person hierarchy, native american languages, local persons, speech act participants, I, YOU, inverse, ergativity.

Cláusulas ergativas y no ergativas en ye'kwana (Caribe del norte)

Romero-Figueroa, Andrés Antonio
Fonte: LIAMES: Línguas Indígenas Americanas Publicador: LIAMES: Línguas Indígenas Americanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/01/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.94%
The Carib languages of the north of South America, particularly those spoken within Venezuelan boundaries, like Pemon, Panare, Kari’ña and Ye’kwana, show split ergativity, which under certain syntactic and pragmatic makes room for other types of alignments. In the case of ye’kwana, in simple clauses, the ergative marking occurs consistently in X[OV]PRED orderings, in which the tendency is to exclude the nominal marker of ergativity -wö 'ERG', charging on the verbal ergative person indexes the load of disambiguating argument roles. In contrast, the [OV]PREDX order, which is typical of clauses with topicalized arguments and with left-dislocated genitive arguments, X---be it an agent, or a patient, or a beneficiary, is obligatorily marked with -wö 'ERG’. The X[VO]PRED order, on the other hand, is fundamentally not ergative and in consequence the semantic roles of the arguments are more dependent on factors like animacy and specificity. In this last case, Ye’kwana transitive clauses adopt a behavior very similar to that seen in Spanish transitive constructions. Ye’kwana’s syntactic operations above support the thesis of Romero-Figueroa (2011, 2013) that the contact of this language with Spanish has eroded its original ergative system...