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Desmite dos Ligamentos Colaterais da Articulação Interfalângica Distal em Equinos

Macedo, Diogo Gabriel Hipólito
Fonte: Repositório Científico Lusófona Publicador: Repositório Científico Lusófona
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.82%
Os objectivos deste estudo basearam-se na análise dos aspectos clínicos de cavalos de desporto, aos quais foi diagnosticado através de ecografia, desmite dos Ligamentos Colaterais (LCs) da articulação Interfalângica Distal (IFD). Os cavalos incluídos na amostra foram examinados entre Setembro de 2011 e Junho de 2012 tendo sido selecionados aqueles que apresentaram os critérios de inclusão requeridos, nomeadamente o diagnóstico de desmite em pelo menos um dos LCs da articulação IFD. Foram incluídos 8 animais no estudo, sendo que o diagnóstico foi feito através de um cuidadoso exame ortopédico e de ecografia, tendo-se verificado as lesões nos membros anteriores. O LC Lateral foi o mais afectado (5 cavalos) seguido do Medial (2 cavalos). Apenas em 1 dos casos as lesões eram bilaterais. A maioria dos animais apresentavam distensão da articulação IFD confirmada ecograficamente. A claudicação foi invariavelmente exacerbada em círculo no piso duro, sendo que 7 dos 8 (87.5%) animais aumentaram o grau de claudicação quando o membro afectado estava no interior do círculo. Após o bloqueio digital palmar a claudicação foi atenuada em 7 dos 8 animais (87.5%) sendo totalmente abolida em 3 (37.5%) deles. O bloqueio da articulação IFD foi positivo em todos os animais...

Incidência de lesões locomotoras no cavalo, diagnosticadas por raio-x

Costa, Maria Horta e Costa Gomes da
Fonte: Repositório Científico Lusófona Publicador: Repositório Científico Lusófona
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.02%
Na medicina equina, os problemas locomotores estão na origem da maioria das consultas veterinárias, provocando uma enorme preocupação para os proprietários e equitadores e exigindo um grande conhecimento por parte do veterinário. Assim, não são demais os estudos realizados nesta área, que permitem auxiliar os médicos veterinários sempre que se deparam com este tipo de problemas. Uma das ferramentas fundamentais para o diagnóstico das lesões ósseas e articulares nos membros é o raio-X. Desde que este foi tornado portátil, passou a ser um enorme aliado do veterinário, permitindo diagnósticos mais facilitados e imediatos no terreno. O objectivo da presente dissertação, para além de rever a bibliografia descrita acerca da incidência de lesões locomotoras, é também contribuir para a caracterização das lesões mais frequentes na medicina equina na população estudada que envolvam as estruturas óssea e articular dos membros do cavalo. As lesões locomotoras descritas no estudo, foram determinadas após uma observação rigorosa aos diferentes raios-X de 95 cavalos e os dados recolhidos foram tratados através de uma análise estatística utilizando o programa «SPSS®». Existe uma maior incidência de lesões nos membros anteriores quando comparado com os membros posteriores. Tanto o membro anterior direito...

Soroprevalência de anticorpos contra Rickettsia spp. do grupo febre maculosa em equinos de haras no Norte do Paraná, Brasil; Serosurvey of antibodies against spotted fever group Rickettsia spp. in horse farms in Northern Paraná, Brazil

TAMEKUNI, Katia; TOLEDO, Roberta dos Santos; SILVA FILHO, Muro de Freitas; HAYDU, Valeska Bender; PACHECO, Richard de Campos; CAVICCHIOLI, José Henrique; LABRUNA, Marcelo Bahia; DUMLER, John Stephen; VIDOTTO, Odilon
Fonte: Jaboticabal Publicador: Jaboticabal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.06%
Brazilian spotted fever (BSF) is an emerging disease most likely caused by Rickettsia rickettsii. The objective of the present study was to estimate the seroprevalence of BSF rickettsia infections in equines from six horse farms located in Londrina County, Paraná, Southern Brazil. Six owners of horse farms situated in Cambé, Santa Fé, Guaraci and Londrina municipalities participated in the study. All farms were located in areas where BSF has not been reported. A total of 273 horses were sampled and their sera were tested by indirect Immunofluorescence assay (IFA) using R. rickettsii and R. parkeri antigens. Titers equal to and greater than 64 were considered positive. Of 273 sera tested, 15 (5.5%) reacted to R. rickettsii and 5 (1.8%) to R. parkeri. Five out of the six farms studied revealed seropositive animals and seropositivity rate ranged from 0 to 13%. The titers ranged from 64 to 512, and four samples had a titer of 512. Nine animals reacted to R. rickettsii with titers four-fold higher than those for R. parkeri. These results suggest that horses in Northern Paraná may have been exposed to rickettsiae identical or closely related to R. rickettsii.; Febre Maculosa Brasileira (FMB) é uma doença emergente, sendo Rickettsia rickettsii o seu principal agente etiológico. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a soroprevalência de rickettsia do grupo da febre maculosa em equinos de seis haras localizados nos municípios de Cambé...

Avaliação hematológica e bioquímica de equinos suplementados com óleo de arroz semirrefinado, rico em gamaorizanol; Hematological and biochemical evaluation of horses supplemented with semi-refined rice oil enriched with gamma orizanol

OLIVEIRA, R. N; MARQUES JR., A. P; XAVIER, P. R; ALVES, G. E. S; PAES, P. R. O; Gobesso, Alexandre Augusto de Oliveira
Fonte: Belo Hotizonte Publicador: Belo Hotizonte
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.99%
Avaliou-se o efeito da suplementação com óleo de arroz sobre o peso e perfil hematológico de equinos submetidos a exercício físico moderado. Foram utilizados 14 equinos machos, com peso aproximado de 411kg, distribuídos entre o grupo tratado (GT; n=7), suplementado com óleo de arroz adicionado diariamente à dieta (0,5ml/kg/PV), e o grupo-controle (GC; n=7), tratado com óleo de soja (0,5ml/kg/PV). Foram feitas três avaliações: antes do início e aos 20 e 40 dias após o início do tratamento, as quais consistiram de determinação do peso, exame clínico e coleta de amostras de sangue dos animais, antes e após o exercício, para hematócrito, hemograma, dosagem de glicose, lactato e proteína total. Não houve diferença entre grupos e nem entre avaliações quanto às variáveis peso e proteína total. A glicose aumentou significativamente após o exercício na segunda coleta no GC e na terceira no GT. No GC, o lactato aumentou nas coletas após o exercício, enquanto no GT, os valores foram semelhantes antes e após. A suplementação com óleo de arroz na dieta foi determinante para impedir o aumento de lactato em equinos submetidos a exercício, o que pode ser relevante para aumentar o seu desempenho atlético; The effect of the supplementation with rice oil was evaluated on the weight and hematologic profile of equines submitted moderate physical exercise. Fourteen male equines...

Serosurvey of antibodies against spotted fever group Rickettsia spp. in horse farms in Northern Paraná, Brazil; Soroprevalência de anticorpos contra Rickettsia spp. do grupo febre maculosa em equinos de haras no Norte do Paraná, Brasil

TAMEKUNI, Katia; TOLEDO, Roberta dos Santos; SILVA FILHO, Mauro de Freitas; HAYDU, Valeska Bender; PACHECO, Richard Campos; CAVICCHIOLI, José Henrique; LABRUNA, Marcelo Bahia; DUMLER, John Stephen; VIDOTTO, Odilon
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Parasitologia Veterinária Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Parasitologia Veterinária
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.06%
Brazilian spotted fever (BSF) is an emerging disease most likely caused by Rickettsia rickettsii. The objective of the present study was to estimate the seroprevalence of BSF rickettsia infections in equines from six horse farms located in Londrina County, Paraná, Southern Brazil. Six owners of horse farms situated in Cambé, Santa Fé, Guaraci and Londrina municipalities participated in the study. All farms were located in areas where BSF has not been reported. A total of 273 horses were sampled and their sera were tested by indirect Immunofluorescence assay (IFA) using R. rickettsii and R. parkeri antigens. Titers equal to and greater than 64 were considered positive. Of 273 sera tested, 15 (5.5%) reacted to R. rickettsii and 5 (1.8%) to R. parkeri. Five out of the six farms studied revealed seropositive animals and seropositivity rate ranged from 0 to 13%. The titers ranged from 64 to 512, and four samples had a titer of 512. Nine animals reacted to R. rickettsii with titers four-fold higher than those for R. parkeri. These results suggest that horses in Northern Paraná may have been exposed to rickettsiae identical or closely related to R. rickettsii.; Febre Maculosa Brasileira (FMB) é uma doença emergente, sendo Rickettsia rickettsii o seu principal agente etiológico. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a soroprevalência de rickettsia do grupo da febre maculosa em equinos de seis haras localizados nos municípios de Cambé...

Avaliação da eficácia de diferentes protocolos de preparo do Plasma Rico em Plaquetas para uso em Medicina Equina

Vendruscolo, Cynthia P.; Carvalho, Armando de M.; Moraes, Lívia F.; Maia, Leandro; Queiroz, Diana L.; Watanabe, Marcos J.; Yamada, Ana Lúcia M.; Alves, Ana Liz Garcia
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 106-110
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.99%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); O Plasma Rico em Plaquetas (PRP) é um preparado do sangue total que contém diversos fatores de crescimento responsáveis pela proliferação e diferenciação celular, angiogênese, como também pelo aumento da produção da matriz extracelular. Nesse sentido, o objetivo do presente estudo foi testar 10 protocolos diferentes de centrifugação para obtenção de PRP a partir do sangue total de equinos hígidos. Para isso foram utilizadas 10 amostras de 27mL de sangue total de cinco animais, as quais foram centrifugadas conforme cada protocolo proposto. Os resultados revelaram que os protocolos com menor força de centrifugação relativa resultaram em maior (p<0,05) concentração de plaquetas e, que não houve (p>0,05) influência do tempo de centrifugação em relação a essa variável. A influência do tempo foi observada apenas no número de leucócitos em protocolos com menor força de centrifugação relativa (FCR). Os quatro melhores protocolos, que obtiveram as maiores concentrações de plaquetas, foram submetidos à análise pelo teste de ELISA para dosar a quantidade de TGF-β que não revelou diferença (p>0,05) entre os protocolos.; Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a prepared of the whole blood which contains several growth factors responsible for cellular proliferation and differentiation...

Laparoscopic adhesiolysis in a mini pony

Teixeira, Pedro Paulo Maia; Fidelis Junior, Otávio Luiz; Medeiros, Regina Mendes; Silva, Marco Augusto Machado; Coutinho, Leandro Nassar; Poló, Tatiana Silva; Marques, José Antônio; Vicente, Wilter Ricardo Russiano
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.99%
Background: Intraperitoneal adhesions are common in equines, especially following exploratory celiotomy. Adhesiolysis is the treatment of choice for patients presenting postsurgical adhesions. Laparoscopic approach for adhesiolysis presents several advantageous aspects in human patients. The aim of the current study was to report a case of successful laparoscopic adhesiolysis in a mini pony horse. Case: A male Shetland Pony, weighing 140 kg, was admitted under complaint of right hind limb trauma and treated surgically for metatarsal fracture reduction. The patient has also had intermittent episodes of colic and was always treated clinically without major complications. The pony had no history of previous abdominal surgery and no episodes of acute abdomen were seen during hospital stay. Three months following ostheosynthesis, an exploratory laparoscopic approach was carried out to assess the possible cause or consequences of the episodes of acute abdomen. The patient was submitted to general anesthesia, positioned in dorsal recumbency and the abdomen was clipped and aseptically prepared for surgery. During the laparoscopic inspection, there were adhesions involving the ventral abdominal wall and a ventral mesogastric segment of duodenum. Laparoscopic adhesiolysis was performed using a two-port approach...

Equine tendonitis therapy using mesenchymal stem cells and platelet concentrates: A randomized controlled trial

Carvalho, Armando de Mattos; Badial, Peres Ramos; Álvarez, Luis Emiliano Cisneros; Yamada, Ana Lucia Miluzzi; Borges, Alexandre Secorun; Deffune, Elenice; Hussni, Carlos Alberto; Alves, Ana Liz Garcia
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.13%
Introduction. Tendon injury is a major cause of lameness and decreased performance in athletic equines. Various therapies for tendonitis have been described; however, none of these therapies results in complete tissue regeneration, and the injury recurrence rate is high even after long recovery periods involving rest and physiotherapy. Methods. A lesion was induced with collagenase gel in the superficial digital flexor tendon in the center portion of the metacarpal region of eight equines of mixed breed. After two weeks, the lesions of the animals in the treated and control groups were treated through the intralesional administration of mesenchymal stem cells derived from adipose tissue (adMSCs) suspended in platelet concentrate (PC) and with phosphate buffered saline (PBS), respectively. Serial ultrasound analyses were performed every two weeks. After 16 weeks of therapy, a biopsy was performed for histopathological, immunohistochemical and gene expression (type I collagen (COL1A1), type III collagen (COL3A1), tenascin-C (TNC), tenomodulin (TNMD), and scleraxis (SCX)) analyses. Results: Differences in the ultrasound and histopathological analyses were observed between the groups. Improved results were reported in the group treated with adMSCs suspended in PC. There was no difference in the gene expression levels observed after the different treatments. The main results observed from the histopathological evaluation of the treated group were as follows: a prevention of the progression of the lesion...

Circulation of Eastern equine encephalitis, Western equine encephalitis, Ilhéus, Maguari and Tacaiuma viruses in equines of the Brazilian Pantanal, South America

Iversson,Lygia Busch; Silva,Roberto Aguilar M.S.; Rosa,Amélia P.A. Travassos da; Barros,Vera Lúcia R.S.
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/1993 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
Neutralizing antibodies to EEE (6.7%), WEE (1.2%), ILH (26.6%), MAG (28.2%) and TCM (15.7%) viruses were found in sera of 432 equines of the Brazilian Pantanal, area where undiagnosed horse deaths are frequently observed. A 4-fold rise in CF titer to EEE virus was detected in acute and convalescent sera of an encephalitis horse sacrified in 1992. Antibodies to EEE, ILH, MAG and TCM viruses were detected in horses less than 2 years old indicating recent circulation of these viruses in the Pantanal. The evidence of recent equine encephalitis associated with rising CF titer to EEE warrants a more intensive study with attempts to isolate virus from horses with clinical manifestations of encephalitis.

Venous hemogasometry of equines finalists in 90 km endurance races

Dumont,Cinthia B.S.; Bello,Camila A.O.; Vianna,André R.C.B.; Godoy,Roberta F.; Lima,Eduardo M.M.
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA) Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Front of exercise, the organic systems may suffer water-electrolyte and acid-base imbalances, particularly in the case of blood gases, demonstrating variations from different causes, whether respiratory and/or metabolic. Understanding the physiological adaptations to exercise is essential in the search for the optimum performance. In this way, this study measured the venous blood gases (pO2, pCO2), as well as the oxygen saturation (SatO2) in healthy equines, Arabian horses finalists in 90km endurance races. A total of fourteen Arabian horses were evaluated, nine males and five females, between six and 12 years old, finalists in 90km endurance races. There was a significant reduction in pO2, pCO2 and SatO2 after the exercise, however, the values remained within the normality range, and did not change the athletic performance of the animals, indicating a temporary alteration, assuming thus a character of physiological response to the exercise performed. The equines, finalists in 90 Km endurance races, demonstrated efficient ventilatory process, without any alterations in the athletic performance, being adapted to the type of exercise imposed.

Serosurvey of antibodies against spotted fever group Rickettsia spp. in horse farms in Northern Paraná, Brazil

Tamekuni,Katia; Toledo,Roberta dos Santos; Silva Filho,Mauro de Freitas; Haydu,Valeska Bender; Pacheco,Richard Campos; Cavicchioli,José Henrique; Labruna,Marcelo Bahia; Dumler,John Stephen; Vidotto,Odilon
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Parasitologia Veterinária Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Parasitologia Veterinária
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.06%
Brazilian spotted fever (BSF) is an emerging disease most likely caused by Rickettsia rickettsii. The objective of the present study was to estimate the seroprevalence of BSF rickettsia infections in equines from six horse farms located in Londrina County, Paraná, Southern Brazil. Six owners of horse farms situated in Cambé, Santa Fé, Guaraci and Londrina municipalities participated in the study. All farms were located in areas where BSF has not been reported. A total of 273 horses were sampled and their sera were tested by indirect Immunofluorescence assay (IFA) using R. rickettsii and R. parkeri antigens. Titers equal to and greater than 64 were considered positive. Of 273 sera tested, 15 (5.5%) reacted to R. rickettsii and 5 (1.8%) to R. parkeri. Five out of the six farms studied revealed seropositive animals and seropositivity rate ranged from 0 to 13%. The titers ranged from 64 to 512, and four samples had a titer of 512. Nine animals reacted to R. rickettsii with titers four-fold higher than those for R. parkeri. These results suggest that horses in Northern Paraná may have been exposed to rickettsiae identical or closely related to R. rickettsii.

Experimental reproduction of Potomac horse fever in horses with a newly isolated Ehrlichia organism.

Dutta, S K; Myrup, A C; Rice, R M; Robl, M G; Hammond, R C
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1985 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.02%
Potomac horse fever, a recently recognized disease of equines, characterized by high fever, leukopenia, and a profuse diarrhea, was studied for its etiology. An Ehrlichia organism was isolated in equine macrophage-fibroblast cell cultures and mouse macrophage cell cultures from the mononuclear cells of blood of infected horses. The agent was continuously propagated in mouse macrophage cell cultures. The organism multiplied in the cytoplasm of mouse macrophage cells and was identified by Giemsa staining, acridine orange staining, and by indirect immunofluorescence with convalescent sera from infected horses. The disease was experimentally reproduced in horses inoculated with Ehrlichia-infected cell culture material. The Ehrlichia organism was reisolated from the blood of these infected horses during the course of the disease. Antibody against the organism was detected in the sera of experimentally infected horses. This study confirmed that the new Ehrlichia organism is the etiological agent of Potomac horse fever.

African horse sickness in Portugal: a successful eradication programme.

Portas, M.; Boinas, F. S.; Oliveira E Sousa, J.; Rawlings, P.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1999 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.95%
African horse sickness (AHS) was diagnosed for the first time in southern Portugal in autumn 1989, following outbreaks in Spain. AHS virus presence was confirmed by virus isolation and serotyping. An eradication campaign with four sanitary zones was set up by Central Veterinary Services in close collaboration with private organizations. Vaccination began on 6 October. In February 1990, vaccination was extended to all Portuguese equines (170000 animals). There were 137 outbreaks on 104 farms: 206 of the equidae present died (16%) or were slaughtered (14%); 81.5% were horses, 10.7% were donkeys and 7.8% were mules. Clinical AHS occurred more frequently in horses than donkeys and mules. In the vaccinated population, 82 animals (62.2% horses and 37.8% mules and donkeys), died or were slaughtered due to suspected or confirmed AHS. One year after ending vaccination, December 1991, Portugal was declared free of AHS. Cost of eradication was US$1955513 (US$11.5/Portuguese equine).

Transmission patterns of African horse sickness and equine encephalosis viruses in South African donkeys.

Lord, C. C.; Venter, G. J.; Mellor, P. S.; Paweska, J. T.; Woolhouse, M. E. J.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.95%
African horse sickness (AHS) and equine encephalosis (EE) viruses are endemic to southern Africa. AHS virus causes severe epidemics when introduced to naive equine populations, resulting in severe restrictions on the movement of equines between AHS-positive and negative countries. Recent zoning of South Africa has created an AHS-free zone to facilitate equine movement, but the transmission dynamics of these viruses are not fully understood. Here, we present further analyses of serosurveys of donkeys in South Africa conducted in 1983-5 and in 1993-5. Age-prevalence data are used to derive estimates of the force of infection, A. For both viruses, A was highest in the northeastern part of the country and declined towards the southwest. In most of the country, EE virus had a higher transmission rate than AHS. The force of infection increased for EE virus between 1985 and 1993, but decreased for AHS virus. Both viruses showed high levels of variation in transmission between districts within the same province, particularly in areas of intermediate transmission. These data emphasize the focal nature of these viruses, and indicate areas where further data will assist in understanding the geographical variation in transmission.

Serosurveillance for Japanese encephalitis virus infection among equines in India

Gulati, Baldev R.; Singha, Harisankar; Singh, Birendra K.; Virmani, Nitin; Khurana, Sandip K.; Singh, Raj K.
Fonte: The Korean Society of Veterinary Science Publicador: The Korean Society of Veterinary Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.18%
The seroprevalence of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) among equines was evaluated from January 2006 to December 2009 in 13 different states of India by hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test and virus neutralization test (VNT). Antibodies against JEV were detected in 327 out of 3,286 (10%) equines with a maximum prevalence reported in the state of Manipur (91.7%) followed by Gujarat (18.5%), Madhya Pradesh (14.4%), and Uttar Pradesh (11.6%). Evidence of JEV infection was observed in equines in Indore (Madhya Pradesh) where a 4-fold or higher rise in antibody titer was observed in 21 out of 34 horses in November 2007 to October 2006. In March 2008, seven of these horses had a subsequent 4-fold rise in JEV antibody titers while this titer decreased in nine animals. JEV-positive horse sera had a JEV/WNV (West Nile virus) ratio over 2.0 according to the HI and/or VNT. These results indicated that JEV is endemic among equines in India.

La dérivation de cellules souches embryonnaires chez le cheval

Laflamme, Simon
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.95%
Les cellules souches embryonnaires (ES) sont porteuses de grands espoirs en recherche biomédicale dans le but d’apporter un traitement définitif à l’ostéoarthrose. Parce que certaines articulations des chevaux sont similaires à celles des humains, cet animal représente un modèle important dans l’évaluation de stratégies de régénération du cartilage. Cependant, pour expérimenter un traitement par les cellules ES chez le cheval, des cellules ES équines (eES) n’ont toujours pas pu être dérivées. Dans ce contexte, l’objectif principal de cette étude est de dériver des lignées de cellules eES. Le premier objectif de notre étude consiste à optimiser la technique de dérivation des cellules eES. Nous démontrons que la lignée de cellules nourricières et le stade de développement des embryons influencent l’efficacité de la technique de dérivation tandis que l’inhibition de voies de signalisation menant à la différenciation des cellules ES ne l’influence pas sous nos conditions. Le deuxième objectif de notre étude est de caractériser de façon plus approfondie les lignées de cellules eES obtenues. Nous démontrons que les cellules eES dérivées expriment autant des marqueurs associés aux cellules pluripotentes qu’aux cellules différenciées et que l’inhibition de voies de signalisation menant à la différenciation n’influence pas l’expression de ces marqueurs. Pour conclure...

Thérapie par les cellules souches mésenchymateuses dans la guérison tendineuse chez le cheval

Bourzac, Céline
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.99%
Les tendinites sont des lésions communes chez le cheval athlète, ayant un impact financier et sportif considérable. Les cellules souches mésenchymateuses (CSMs) de moelle osseuse (MO) sont empiriquement utilisées en clinique pour améliorer la guérison des affections myoarthrosquelettiques. Cependant, il est nécessaire de standardiser les protocoles d’isolement des CSMs équines et d’analyser leurs effets sur la guérison tendineuse pour ajuster leur dose. Les objectifs de cette étude étaient de comparer 3 méthodes d’isolement des CSMs équines et d’établir un modèle de guérison tendineuse minimal invasif pour analyser l’effet des CSMs sur cette guérison. Des CSMs de MO du sternum de juments étaient isolées par 3 protocoles couramment utilisés (adhérence au pétri (Classique) et 2 méthodes par gradient de densité (Percoll et Ficoll)). La viabilité des cellules après isolement, le rendement d’isolement, le nombre de CSMs obtenues après 14 jours de culture et leurs caractéristiques fonctionnelles (renouvellement et différentiation) étaient comparés entre les 3 protocoles. Les résultats suggéraient que le Percoll était le meilleur protocole en termes de rendement et de capacité de renouvellement des cellules. La différence n’était pas significative pour leur viabilité et leur capacité de différentiation. Un modèle de guérison tendineuse...

Estudo da função tiróidea em equinos Puro Sangue Inglês, machos e fêmeas, mediante utilização dos testes “in vitro" 125I-T3 modificado e 125I-T4; Study on the thyroid function of thoroughbred horses by means of "in vitro" 125I-T3 modified and 125I-T4 tests

Martin, Benedicto Wlademir de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/12/1975 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.99%
Foram estudados soros de 71 animais, divididos em lotes de machos e fêmeas, em descanso e em trabalho. O método de determinação da porcentagem de retenção da 125I-liotironina em resina (Teste 125I -T 3 ou T3) modificado pela utilização de 0,2 ml de soro sobre a coluna de resina, após a colocação do hormônio marcado. Esta modificação veio demonstrar que os equinos Puro Sangue Inglês apresentam ligação de 125I-liotironina ao soro diminuído de quatro vezes, sugerindo, portanto, que estes animais têm quatro vezes mais lugares saturados por triiodotironina no soro, se compararmos os resultados com os obtidos para o homem. A análise de variância aplicada aos resultados do Teste T3 revelou não serem significantes ao nível de 95% para sexo e quanto à atividade. Para os 71 animais, encontramos como média, 50,30% de retenção da 125I-liotironinaem resina, estando o intervalo de confiança para este grupo, entre 48,75% e 51,85% para 95%.Avaliando os resultados dos Testes T4, através da análise da variância, verificamos que os lotes de machos e fêmeas em descanso diferiam estatisticamente dos lotes em trabalho, para 95% de confiança. Agrupamos os resultados do Teste T4 , de 32 equinos, 18 machos e 14 fêmeas, em descanso...

Circulação dos virus das encefalites equina do Leste e Oeste, Ilhéus, Maguari e Tacaiuma em equinos da região do Pantanal brasileiro, América do Sul; Circulation of Eastern equine encephalitis, Western equine encephalitis, Ilhéus, Maguari and Tacaiuma viruses in equines of the Brazilian Pantanal, South America

Iversson, Lygia Busch; Silva, Roberto Aguilar M.S.; Rosa, Amélia P.A. Travassos da; Barros, Vera Lúcia R.S.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/1993 ENG
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36.22%
Em um inquérito sorológico realizado em 432 equinos da região do Pantanal, território brasileiro, foram detectados anticorpos neutralizantes para os vírus EEE (6,7%), WEE (1,2%), ILH (26,6%), MAG (28,2%) e TCM (15,7%). Detectou-se também em um cavalo com um quadro clínico de encefalite um aumento de 4 vezes no título de anticorpos fixadores de complemento para EEE em soros coletados nas fases aguda e convalescente da doença. Cavalos com menos de 2 anos de idade apresentaram anticorpos neutralizantes para EEE, ILH, MAG e TCM, indicando circulação recente desses vírus no Pantanal. Os achados justificam intensificar esses estudos na região com tentativas de isolamento de vírus de animais apresentando manifestações clínicas de encefalite.; Neutralizing antibodies to EEE (6.7%), WEE (1.2%), ILH (26.6%), MAG (28.2%) and TCM (15.7%) viruses were found in sera of 432 equines of the Brazilian Pantanal, area where undiagnosed horse deaths are frequently observed. A 4-fold rise in CF titer to EEE virus was detected in acute and convalescent sera of an encephalitis horse sacrified in 1992. Antibodies to EEE, ILH, MAG and TCM viruses were detected in horses less than 2 years old indicating recent circulation of these viruses in the Pantanal. The evidence of recent equine encephalitis associated with rising CF titer to EEE warrants a more intensive study with attempts to isolate virus from horses with clinical manifestations of encephalitis.

HEMATOLOGIC AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN THREE HIGH PERFORMANCE HORSE BREEDS FROM SOUTHERN BRAZIL; Parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos em três raças de cavalos de alta performance do Sul do Brasil

LACERDA, L.; CAMPOS, R.; SPERB, M.; SOARES, E.; BARBOSA, P.; GODINHO, E.; FERREIRA, R.; SANTOS, V.; GONZÁLEZ, F.D.
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/12/2006 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.95%
The hematological and biochemical parameters are useful tools for clinics and feeding management of athlete equines. The population of high performance horses consists of different breed groups, displaying specific phenotypic and metabolic characteristics related to the type of sport activity they perform. In the state of Rio Grande do Sul, in the South of Brazil, racing, jumping, polo, endurance, reigning, and dressage are the main activities. This study investigated the hemato-biochemical parameters in three high performance horse breeds from Southern Brazil. A total number of 154 horses belonging to the breeds Thoroughbred, Brasileiro de Hipismo, and Criollo, were selected for this study. Within each breed, samples were collected from males (n=12) and non-pregnant females (n=12) of two ages: 1 to 3 years of age (n=12) and over five years of age (n=12). Hematological (total count of erythrocytes and leukocytes, blood cell volume, hemoglobin, and differential count of leukocytes) and biochemical (lactate, fructosamine, glucose, cholesterol, total protein, albumin, globulins, fibrinogen, urea, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and enzymes LDH, AST, GGT, and CK) parameters were analyzed. Significant differences were observed in hematological and biochemical parameters...