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Análise sócio-ambiental da bacia do rio Biguaçu-SC: subsídios ao planejamento e ordenamento territorial; Socio-environmental analysis of Biguaçu River Basin - SC: subsides to the planning and territorial ordaining

Silva, Vicente Rocha
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/09/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.83%
O estudo "Análise sócio-ambiental da bacia do Rio Biguaçu - SC: subsídios ao planejamento e ordenamento territorial" objetiva a análise integrada de informações de aspectos naturais e sócio-econômicos, que permitam o entendimento na perspectiva geográfica para fins de planejamento territorial ambiental. A área da bacia é de 389,7 km2, compreendendo todo o município de Antônio Carlos e grande parte do município de Biguaçu. A geologia é formada pelos terrenos pré-cambriano e cobertura sedimentar cenozóica de origem fluvial e marinha. Na geomorfologia, o embasamento cristalino corresponde ao modelado de dissecação (75,97% da área total da bacia) e os depósitos quaternários são representados pelo modelado de acumulação (24,03% do total da bacia). Os solos dominantes são os cambissolos, seguidos dos argissolos vermelho-amarelos, gleissolos e neosssolos. A vegetação típica é a mata atlântica, sendo dominante a vegetação secundária (capoeirões e capoeiras). Foram produzidos nove mapas temáticos: hipsométrico, clinográfico, geológico, unidades do relevo, solos, ocupação e uso da terra, fragilidade ambiental, legislação ambiental e zoneamento ambiental, todos na escala original 1: 50.000. Os problemas ambientais levantados na pesquisa foram: ausência de mata ciliar ao longo dos rios em áreas de preservação permanente...

Aplicação e comparação de metodologias de análise ambiental no trecho leste do Rodoanel Metropolitano de São Paulo; Aplication and comparison of methodologies for environmental analysis in the Section East of the São Paulo Metropolitan Beltway

Machado, Carlos Roberto Libonati
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/10/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.77%
Este trabalho visa aplicar e comparar duas metodologias de análise ambiental, a de Ross (1994) e a de Crepani et al. (2001), que abordam o ambiente dentro de uma perspectiva sistêmica, utilizando o conceito de Unidades Ecodinâmicas proposto por Tricart (1977). O objeto do presente trabalho é o Trecho Leste do Rodoanel Metropolitano de São Paulo, parte do anel viário concebido como uma alternativa ao tráfego de passagem pelo centro da Região Metropolitana de São Paulo, o qual o DERSA estabeleceu o traçado definitivo que será implantado a partir de setembro de 2011. Na geração dos documentos cartográficos analíticos e de síntese foram aplicadas técnicas de Geoprocessamento. Também foram utilizadas imagens de Sensoriamento Remoto para a extração de informações referentes à cobertura vegetal e uso do solo. Os mapeamentos de síntese e os traçados gerados automaticamente apresentaram resultados bem divergentes em razão do tratamento desigual das metodologias. Enquanto a proposta de Ross (1994) enfatiza a questão geomorfológica, basicamente as declividades, a metodologia de Crepani et al. (2001) adota uma equivalência entre as variáveis e é mais abrangente ao analisar o ambiente, apresentando uma maior compatibilidade com a área de estudo. Contudo...

Filtro de interferência variável e descrição de uma aplicação: dispositivo multicanal espectral para análise ambiental.; Variable interference filter and description of an application: multichannel spectral device for environmental analysis.

Silva, Celso Manoel da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/02/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.71%
O presente trabalho apresenta o desenvolvimento de um método de obtenção e a caracterização de filtros ópticos de interferência de banda passante variável que, constituídos por refletores dielétricos multicamadas de filmes finos intercalados por cavidades de Fabry- Perot não planares com espessuras linearmente variáveis, apresentam a propriedade do deslocamento linear da transmitância máxima espectral em função da posição, isto é, um Filtro de Interferência Variável (FIV). Este método apresenta novas e abrangentes possibilidades de confecção de filtros ópticos de interferência variável: lineares ou em outras formas desejadas, de comprimento de onda de corte variável (passa baixa ou alta) e filtros de densidade neutra variável, através da deposição de metais. A primeira etapa do trabalho foi o projeto e a construção de um filtro óptico convencional, de um comprimento de onda central, com camadas homogêneas. A etapa seguinte foi, com base na teoria espectrométrica, promover a variação das espessuras das camadas em um perfil inclinado e linear. Para tanto, de acordo com os requisitos de projeto, foram feitas adaptações em uma evaporadora por e-Beam (elétron-Beam), acrescentando um obliturador mecânico especialmente projetado...

Economical and environmental trade-offs of traditional Mediterranean dry farming systems in the Alentejo region of Portugal.

Rosado, Maria Maurícia; Fragoso, Rui; Marques, Carlos
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Aula
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.83%
This paper aims assessing the economic and environmental trade-offs of traditional Mediterranean dry farming systems in the Alentejo region, southern Portugal. An environmental analysis using environmental indicators, such as the nitrogen balance, energy input, greenhouse gas emissions, acidification, eutrophication impacts, as well as an aggregated eco-indicator were developed. For assessing economic returns of farming systems, a budgeting analysis was carried out. Then the environmental and economic analysis was integrated in a linear programming model which was developed for a regional farm type. This model was used to assess the farm net profit under different policy measures, as well as to obtain the economic trade-off of each environmental indicator through its dual solution regarding the respective shadow prices. Results show that farm net profit greatly varies among crops for the different policy scenarios considered and the economic and environmental trade-offs highlights the important role of other crops than cereals in rotations for promoting the sustainability of Mediterranean crop system.

Certified reference material for traceability in environmental analysis: PAHs in toluene

Guimarães,Evelyn de F.; Rego,Eliane C. P. do; Cunha,Helen C. M.; Rodrigues,Janaína M.; Figueroa-Villar,José Daniel
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.71%
Certified reference material (CRM) plays a vital role for quality control assurance in environmental analysis, because the quality of data arising from measurements has crucial importance. This article presents the results from studies carried out for certification of a candidate reference material composed by sixteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) dissolved in toluene (naphthalene, acenaphthylene, acenaphtene, fluorene, anthracene, phenanthrene, fluoranthene, chrysene, benzo[a]anthracene, pyrene, benzo[k]fluoranthene, benzo[b]fluoranthene, benzo[a]pyrene, dibenzo[a,h]anthacene, indeno[123-cd]pyrene and benzo[ghi]perylene). This is the first Brazilian PAH CRM developed by Inmetro. The certification procedure includes validation of the GC/IDMS method (isotopic dilution mass spectrometry coupled to gas chromatography), homogeneity study, stability studies under transport and storage conditions and estimation of measurement uncertainties.

ENSC 371: Environmental Analysis Methods

Brown, Stephen; Rutter, Allison
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Objeto de Aprendizagem Formato: 17105 bytes; application/pdf
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.71%
ENSC 371* ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS METHODS. Course Outlines, Notes, Handouts

Environmental Priorities and Poverty Reduction : A Country Environmental Analysis for Colombia

Sánchez-Triana, Ernesto; Ahmed, Kulsum; Awe, Yewande
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
The analysis of the cost of environmental degradation conducted as part of the country environmental analysis (CEA) shows that the most costly problems associated with environmental degradation are urban and indoor air pollution; inadequate water supply, sanitation, and hygiene; natural disasters (such as flooding and landslides); and land degradation. The burden of these costs falls most heavily on vulnerable segments of the population. To address these problems, this report identifies a number of cost-effective policy interventions that could be adopted in the short and medium terms to support sustainable development goals. In recent decades, considerable progress has been made in addressing the water and the forestry environmental agendas. The impact of environmental degradation on the most vulnerable groups suggests the need to increase emphasis on environmental health issues. However, the environmental management agenda has yet to catch up with this shift in priorities from watershed and forestry to environmental health problems because mechanisms in the current institutional structure to signal these changes are not yet in place. Improved monitoring and dissemination of information on environmental outcomes...

Senegal : Country Environmental Analysis

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
The main objective of the Senegal Country Environmental Analysis (CEA) is to reinforce the ongoing dialogue on environmental issues between the World Bank and the Government of Senegal. The CEA also aims to support the ongoing Government implementation of a strategic results-based planning process at the Environment Ministry (MEPNBRLA). The main goal is to enable Senegal to have the necessary tools to attain the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and manage its natural resources and environment in a sustainable manner that contributes sharing wealth and reducing poverty. The CEA presents a review of national environmental priorities and the institutional framework for managing these priorities. The CEA also proposes recommendations about reforms that could be implemented with the support of international development partners. This final CEA report includes three sections to encourage discussion on the observations made from the analysis and the suggested recommendations: a) section one summarizes the main environmental issues identified in the CEA (institutional framework for environmental management...

Nepal - Country Environmental Analysis : Strengthening Institutions and Management Systems for Enhanced Environmental Governance

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
The main objective of the Country Environmental Analysis (CEA) in Nepal is to identify opportunities for enhancing the overall performance of select environmental management systems through improvements in the effectiveness of institutions, policies, and processes. CEA has been built upon the following three primary study components: (a) an examination of the environmental issues associated with infrastructure development, focusing on the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process in priority growth sectors; (b) an analysis of environmental issues linked to rapid urbanization, focusing on the growing problems of solid waste, poor air quality, and industrial pollution, and the resulting impacts on environmental health; and (c) an analysis of the policy and institutional underpinnings related to key environmental management systems at the national and local levels. This report provides the basis for a discussion of the challenges and options facing Nepal in regard to improving the performance of key environmental management systems and institutions to support its growth and poverty alleviation agenda.

Nepal - Country Environmental Analysis : Strengthening Institutions and Management Systems for Enhanced Environmental Governance

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
The main objective of the Country Environmental Analysis (CEA) in Nepal is to identify opportunities for enhancing the overall performance of select environmental management systems through improvements in the effectiveness of institutions, policies, and processes. CEA has been built upon the following three primary study components: (a) an examination of the environmental issues associated with infrastructure development, focusing on the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process in priority growth sectors; (b) an analysis of environmental issues linked to rapid urbanization, focusing on the growing problems of solid waste, poor air quality, and industrial pollution, and the resulting impacts on environmental health; and (c) an analysis of the policy and institutional underpinnings related to key environmental management systems at the national and local levels. This report provides the basis for a discussion of the challenges and options facing Nepal in regard to improving the performance of key environmental management systems and institutions to support its growth and poverty alleviation agenda.

Strengthening Policy Dialogue on Environment : Learning from Five Years of Country Environmental Analysis

Pillai, Poonam
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.93%
The objective of this paper is to review experience with completed country environmental analysis (CEAs) to improve the effectiveness of CEAs as a strategic analytical tool. Through in-depth analysis of the process, methodologies, costs, and results of completed CEA pilots, the paper assesses how effective CEAs have been in informing and providing strategic guidance to the Bank and client countries on environment-development issues and the extent to which they have facilitated donor coordination. The analysis carried out in this paper also provides feedback on when to prepare a CEA, how to prepare and structure CEAs, and how to use specific methodologies and processes in influencing policy dialogue with partner countries. The findings are of potential interest to World Bank sector managers, country directors, CEA task teams, and environmental staff, but also to development partners who carry out work similar to CEAs. The paper is based on a desk review of completed CEAs and on interviews with task managers and members of CEA teams. Several reports...

India - Strengthening Institutions for Sustainable Growth : Country Environmental Analysis

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.85%
The objective of this Country Environmental Analysis was to help strengthen the environmental policy implementation framework, to meet the challenges of a rapidly growing and extraordinarily diverse economy in India. In particular, the study aimed at assisting with the implementation of the new National Environment Policy (NEP 2006), which was released in draft for public consultation at the time this study was initiated. This study focused on identifying and proposing ways to address major gaps in the existing institutional arrangements, as well as regulations and incentives for post-EM environmental compliance and performance. In view of the focus on the growth-environment nexus, the study covered three select sectors - industry, power (including three distinct sub-sectors: coal-based power generation, hydro power generation, and transmission), and highways - that are among the key drivers of growth. Together, these sectors represent a wide range of environmental impacts, sources and regulatory issues that allows drawing conclusions of broad relevance. The analytical framework used by this study was a combination of sector-wide reviews...

Georgia Country Environmental Analysis

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.87%
During the past decade, Georgia’s pursuit of economic reforms led to impressive economic growth, capital inflow, and investments. It helped improve the business environment and infrastructure, strengthened public finances, and liberalized trade. Georgia achieved most of the human development targets of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This progress did not result, however, in improved environmental governance or better management of natural resources. Nowadays, environmental policies are receiving increasing attention from Georgian policy and decision makers, recognizing that sustainable development is about a profound change of policies that drive systemic transformation of production, consumption, and behavioral patterns. The list of the country’s environmental challenges is long. Current policies and instruments lack the rigor to effectively reduce pressures on natural assets and protect public health from poor environmental quality. Georgia does not have a comprehensive assessment of the cost of inaction to environmental degradation linking it to economic growth...

Uganda : Country Environmental Analysis

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Environmental Analysis (CEA); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.92%
A Country Environmental Analysis (CEA) is a World Bank analytical tool used to integrate environmental issues into development assistance strategies, programs, and projects. To that end, the CEA synthesizes environmental issues, highlights the environmental and economic implications of development policies, and evaluates the country's environmental management capacity. It is composed of three analytical building blocks: the identification of environment-development priority issues, a general analysis of environmental institutions and governance, and detailed analyses of the priority issues or sectors identified in the first analytical building block. It then examines the findings of this diagnostic process in light of the engagement of the Bank and other development partners (DPs) in the country's environment and natural resources (ENR) sectors. At this stage, potential Bank ENR interventions can be identified. This CEA for Uganda adheres to the CEA analytical framework so described. Section I begins by setting the general economic and environment context in Uganda. It then looks more closely at the economic value of Uganda's natural resources...

Panama : Country Environmental Analysis

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Environmental Analysis (CEA); Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.87%
Panama is experiencing spectacular economic growth, averaging 7.5 percent during 2004-06; a construction boom; and emerging new opportunities and growing export markets. Despite this impressive growth performance, at the national level poverty remained almost unchanged during 1997-2006 at around 37 percent (masking a decline in rural poverty and an increase in urban and indigenous areas). Key development challenges for Panama include: (a) sustaining its accelerated recent growth performance, and (b) translating growth into poverty reduction. Natural resources and the environment must be key elements of any successful strategy to meet these challenges. The main objective of the Panama Country Environmental Analysis (CEA) is to provide an analytical foundation to enhance the country's capacity to establish and address environmental policy priorities linked to poverty reduction and sustained economic growth. This report covers three main areas. First, the report analyzes the capabilities of Panama's institutions to perform essential tasks to manage the environment and natural resources; namely identifying problems and designing and implementing policies to solve them. The analysis therefore places great emphasis on the clarity of policies; mechanisms for coordination; use of and access to information...

Investing in a More Sustainable Indonesia : Country Environmental Analysis 2009 - Main Report; Berinvestasi untuk Indonesia yang lebih berkelanjutan : laboran analisa lingkungan

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Environmental Analysis (CEA)
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.88%
The objective of this Country Environmental Analysis (CEA) is to highlight the underlying challenges and opportunities for Indonesia's environment and management of its natural resources in order to guide the World Bank support to Indonesian institutions for more sustainable development. Rather, the CEA sets the broader context (chapter one) and economic costs of environmental degradation (chapter two) in order to identify underlying challenges and opportunities. These are divided into two sets of priorities those related to environmental governance and those that are more sectoral in nature. Environmental governance encompasses the decentralized framework for environmental management (chapter three), enabling policies for greater environment and resource sustainability (chapter four) and building environmental constituencies (chapter five). The sectoral challenges that are most important for Indonesian development are vulnerability to climate change (chapter six), land use and climate change (chapter seven) and energy and climate change (chapter eight). The report concludes with options for a more sustainable Indonesia...

The Philippines : Country Environmental Analysis

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Environmental Analysis (CEA)
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
The objectives of this Country Environmental Analysis (CEA) were to assess the environmental quality in the Philippines with a focus on how this affects human welfare and sustainability, measure and analyze the biophysical significance and monetary cost of environmental degradation and derive priority areas of action, assess the Philippines government's capacity to manage the environmental challenges identified, and identify opportunities for reform and interventions. The Philippines has sound and comprehensive environmental laws and policies. However, it suffers from weak implementation because of inadequate capacity and financial constraints both at the national and local levels. A shift in strategy toward more devolution to local levels of government, enhanced resource mobilization for environmental management, better prioritization, and retooling of human resources are urgently needed to accommodate new priorities. The CEA also recommends improvements in environmental information systems and public access to such information.

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan - Country Environmental Analysis

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Environmental Analysis (CEA)
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
Jordan is a small, middle-income, open economy, with a limited natural resources base and active trade flows. As the integration of Jordan in the World Economy progresses, enhancing Jordan's environmental management can not only improve the wellbeing of Jordanians, but also enable the country to better compete in increasingly environmentally conscious markets. To date there has not yet been a comprehensive assessment of Jordan's environmental agenda, particularly in terms of providing indications on how to integrate long-term environmental concerns into the development process. Striking a balance between breadth and depth of the analysis, this report intends to help fill such a gap and to provide insights that can inform the dialogue between the World Bank and the Government of Jordan on a selected number of areas of particular relevance for continued sustainable economic and social development. The report has been prepared by a World Bank team that has worked in full partnership and cooperation with a Jordanian team...

Biosensors as useful tools for environmental analysis and monitoring

Rodríguez-Mozaz, Sara; López de Alda, Miren; Barceló, Damià
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 19968 bytes; application/msword
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.77%
17 pages, 1 table.; Recent advances in the development and application of biosensors for environmental analysis and monitoring are reviewed in this article. Several examples of biosensors developed for relevant environmental pollutants and parameters are briefly overviewed. Special attention is paid to the application of biosensors to real environmental samples, taking into consideration aspects such as sample pretreatment, matrix effects and validation of biosensor measurements. Current trends in biosensor development are also considered and commented on in this work. In this context, nanotechnology, miniaturisation, multi-sensor array development and, especially, biotechnology arise as fast-growing areas that will have a marked influence on the development of new biosensing strategies in the near future.; This work has been supported by the EU project SWIFT-WFD (SSPI-CT-2003-502492) and by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science (project number CTM2005- 24255-E). Sara Rodriguez acknowledges the I3P Program (Itinerario integrado de inserción professional; co-financed by CSIC and European Social Funds).; Peer reviewed

Challenges and achievements of LC-MS in environmental analysis: 25 years on

Barceló, Damià; Petrovic, Mira
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 162 bytes; application/msword
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.85%
10 pages, 7 figures, 1 table.-- Online version published Dec 19, 2006.; In this overview article celebrating the 25th anniversary of TrAC, we will discuss the progress of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and LC-tandem MS (LC-MS2) in environmental analysis. The article will cover challenges and achievements of LC-MS in environmental analysis with emphasis on the developments that occurred over 20 years and the impact caused by the discovery of electrospray and its applications to organic trace analysis. We will also outline the history of TrAC in relation to the publication of papers dealing with LC-MS applied to environmental analysis.; The second part of the article will be devoted to LC-MS2 as the preferred method of choice in environmental analysis. We will report on applications on the use of triple quadupoles and hybrid technologies (e.g., Qq-LIT. Qq-TOF and Orbitrap) for a variety of the so-called emerging contaminants (e.g., pharmaceuticals, pesticides and endocrine disruptors).; Acknowledgements are due to Professor Udo A.Th. Brinkman and the late Professor Roland W. Frei for the opportunity to work at the Vrije Universiteit during my (DB) post-doctoral period from October 1985 till December 1986 using LC-DLI-MS for environmental analysis. This paper also corresponds to the lecture given at the Farewell Symposium dedicated to Prof. Brinkman at the Vrije Universiteit...