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Economic and financial aspects of mine closure

Kahn, James Randall; Franceschi, Dina; Curi, Adilson; Vale, Eduardo
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto Publicador: Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto
Tipo: Artigo publicado em periodico
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Today, mine reclamation is a key component to a successful mine plan. Most of the industrialized nations have recognized the need to make mining activities relatively environmentally friendly, if they want to continue to benejt from the economic gains from mineral resource development. Countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia and South Africa are leaders in the j e l l and have implemented relatively sophisticated legislation to ensure environmentally correct mine closure. These countries rely on a combination of strict control strategies and economic penalties to ensure compliance. Yet, from the firm's perspective, reclamation activities are counterproductive as they cut into propjets. In order to attract economic development and earn much needed economic capital, most of the rest of the world, articularly the developing countries, lack effective mine closure legislation. The traditional command and control type of legislation that is sometimes used is either vague and therefore avoided, or not enforced appropriately, resulting in an undesirable level of environmental degradation. With the use of case studies from Brazil, this article shows that direct controls are effective in some instances and not in others. It proposes that economic andjnancial tools may be more effective than the traditional direct controls in getting arms to comply with environmental standards...