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Innovation and entrepreneurship: What professors from leading universities say

Oliveira, Manuel Au-Yong; Ferreira, João José Pinto; Barandas, Hortênsia
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.74%
As innovation is essential for the competitiveness of enterprises and economic development there is a question which has been raised with some insistence: Do teaching practices make a difference to innovation and entrepreneurship in the work place? Experts were contacted for their views. They say yes, as long as the teaching method is adequate. So, in the USA, a naturally innovative society, a new concept of integrated teaching was developed - “hands-on” to increase innovation ever more in North America. This concept proved also to be successful in a non-innovative society as is demonstrated by the case of MIETE (a partnership between FEUP and FEP, University of Porto) in Portugal.

Teaching innovation – a comparison between courses in Europe and in the USA

Oliveira, Manuel Au-Yong
Fonte: Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto Publicador: Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.7%
What role does the formal teaching of innovation management play? Courses in Europe and the USA are reviewed, especially two courses, MIETE, taught at the University of Porto, in Portugal, and the Stanford University and Michigan University model from the USA. As these flagship courses have resulted in real innovations being introduced into the market formal teaching may well play a decisive role in the larger scenario of real innovation management. A literature review was performed and these two aforementioned cases studied in depth – MIETE via repeated contact with its Director and through the analysis of other publicly available information; while the Stanford University and Michigan University model was analysed by way of a comprehensive publication. A model for innovation and entrepreneurship is put forward whereby personal characteristics, the environment, and career experience and formal teaching will all play a part in the output of innovation and entrepreneurship in society.

Nursing training in Brazil and in Portugal: similarities and specificities; Brazil and Portugal: nursing training

Santos, Silvana; Lopes, Manuel José; Fonseca, Ana; Silva, Gertrudes; Teixeira, Elizabeth
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.6%
Objective: To identify similarities/specificities in the nursing training in Brazil and in Portugal. This is a documentary research conducted in two higher education institutions, in January 2013. Method: It was focused on the National Curriculum Guidelines and on the Bologna Process. Results: Common points: objectives and profile of the newly-trained nurses grounded on competencies; teaching of education in/for health. Brazilian specificity: universal admission; three disciplines focused on research; mandatory discipline related to elderly care; two optional disciplines: Alternative therapies and Brazilian Language of Signs; insertion of complementary activities, actions in teaching/research/extension; basis of teaching: compliance with the Brazilian Unified Health System. Portuguese Specificity: admission with regionalized medical certificate; grounded on the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System; compulsory disciplines: Clinical Reasoning in Nursing; Family Nursing; Development throughout life; Rehabilitative Nursing and Prospects of development of the Nursing; two optional disciplines: entrepreneurship and arts; basis of teaching: clinical teaching. Conclusions: There are similarities and specificities between the surveyed courses.

The understanding of management through entrepreneurship in the degree of Social Communication

Bucha, Agostinho
Fonte: Repositório Comum de Portugal Publicador: Repositório Comum de Portugal
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /10/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.71%
Comunicação apresentada no International Journal of Arts&Sciences Annual Multidisciplinary Conference at Rome,Italy, The American University of Rome, 22-25 October, 2013; Nowadays, entrepreneurship is a present and active subject in the different societies where the difference lies in the levels attained, namely the social, economical, cultural and political ones. In the more developed societies, entrepreneurship is not only a business concept, but also a concept of life, in so far as it is part of a group of changes that lead on to the building of a certain development that cannot be attained at any price, but should be sustainable, that is, offer more and a better life quality to the human being, who is one of the keys to development. It is important to know how to invest in the learning process of entrepreneurs so that they acquire skills that enable them to understand the importance and the value of management in a sustainable society. In general terms, in order to stay in the market, any organization has to learn to create value to itself as well as to others. The entrepreneurship learning process must be a part of the citizen’s development process, starting off in the early years and continuing throughout the many years of the learning process. The Project has been developed with students of the last year (2012/2013) of a degree of Social Communication...

Enhancing self-efficacy to enable entrepreneurship: The case of CMI’s Connections

Lucas, William A.; Cooper, Sarah Y.
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: 162271 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.67%
Enhancing levels of innovation and entrepreneurship to grow a more competitive economy is the focus of much government effort. Attention is paid to changing a culture seen as antagonistic to entrepreneurship through initiatives designed to promote an entrepreneurial spirit. Universities, aware of the importance of developing entrepreneurial potential, are focusing on equipping students with the skills and abilities to contribute to innovation within organisations they join upon graduation, while also providing opportunities for the development of student aspirations. Cambridge-MIT Institute (CMI) has developed a one week event designed to influence deep personal values and the underlying motivations of potential entrepreneurs. This paper reports on the Connections course content as it was offered at the University of Strathclyde in 2003, content premised on the belief that students are motivated to start new enterprises through enhancement of self-confidence in their entrepreneurial skills. Measures of entrepreneurial self-efficacy and other outcomes are offered, followed by a report of the results found at the end of the event and then six months later. The programme is found to have created enduring improvements in entrepreneurial self-efficacy...

SP.772 Internet Technology in Local and Global Communities, Spring 2005; Internet Technology in Local and Global Communities

Gray, Paul E.; Gaudi, Manish
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
EN-US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.61%
The MIT-Africa Internet Technology Initiative (MIT-AITI) organization is an innovative approach by MIT students to integrate computers and internet technology into the education of students in African schools. The program focuses upon programming principles, cutting-edge internet technology, free open-source systems, and even an entrepreneurship seminar to introduce students in Africa to the power of technology and to equip them with skills that will allow them to be creative, resourceful, and prosperous. The mission statement of the AITI program is based on the idea that information technology carries the potential to empower people around the globe with knowledge. The AITI program is implemented with emphasis on classroom teaching, community-oriented projects, and independent learning. MIT-AITI achieves this goal by sending MIT students to three African nations in order to teach both students and teachers through intensive classroom and lab sessions for six weeks. Hence, MIT-AITI provides MIT students with an opportunity for community service where they can apply their extensive engineering skills. Moreover, MIT-AITI creates a long-term cultural and technical understanding between MIT and African educational institutions.

Oralidade em língua estrangeira (inglês): representações discursivas

Ferreira, Edilson Pimenta
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Publicador: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.71%
Esta pesquisa foi desenvolvida em uma abordagem inter/transdisciplinar que abrange uma interface entre a Linguística Aplicada (LA), a Análise do Discurso de linha francesa (ADF) e a Análise Dialógica do Discurso (ADD). Foi esboçada a fim de se delinear os sentidos de oralidade construídos por sujeitos quando ocupam o lugar discursivo de graduandos em Sistemas de Informação, de uma universidade privada no estado de Minas Gerais, em contexto de aula de inglês instrumental, ou seja, buscamos investigar as representações constitutivas desta oralidade. Atribuiu-se a esta dissertação a tarefa de descrever, analisar e delinear as representações sobre oralidade em língua inglesa construídas por esses sujeitos graduandos em uma área computacional; as vozes, em relação polifônica, evocadas por esses sujeitos para a construção das referidas representações e evidenciar em quais formações discursivas se inscrevem as práticas discursivas presentes nos dizeres dos participantes. Busquei, portanto, estudar fatores que incidem no processo de ensino-aprendizagem de língua inglesa a fim de melhor compreender como esses fatores se traduzem na relação que se instaura entre esses sujeitos e sua oralidade nessa língua. Para isso...

What Are We Learning from Business Training and Entrepreneurship Evaluations around the Developing World?

McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.55%
Business training programs are a popular policy option to try to improve the performance of enterprises around the world. The last few years have seen rapid growth in the number of evaluations of these programs in developing countries. This paper undertakes a critical review of these studies with the goal of synthesizing the emerging lessons and understanding the limitations of the existing research and the areas in which more work is needed. It finds that there is substantial heterogeneity in the length, content, and types of firms participating in the training programs evaluated. Many evaluations suffer from low statistical power, measure impacts only within a year of training, and experience problems with survey attrition and measurement of firm profits and revenues. Over these short time horizons, there are relatively modest impacts of training on survivorship of existing firms, but stronger evidence that training programs help prospective owners launch new businesses more quickly. Most studies find that existing firm owners implement some of the practices taught in training...

Entrepreneurship Training and Self-Employment among University Graduates : Evidence from a Randomized Trial In Tunisia

Premand, Patrick; Brodmann, Stefanie; Almeida, Rita; Grun, Rebekka; Barouni, Mahdi
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.73%
In economies characterized by low labor demand and high rates of youth unemployment, entrepreneurship training has the potential to enable youth to gain skills and create their own jobs. This paper presents experimental evidence on a new entrepreneurship track that provides business training and personalized coaching to university students in Tunisia. Undergraduates in the final year of licence appliquee were given the opportunity to graduate with a business plan instead of following the standard curriculum. This paper relies on randomized assignment of the entrepreneurship track to identify impacts on labor market outcomes one year after graduation. The analysis finds that the entrepreneurship track was effective in increasing self-employment among applicants, but that the effects are small in absolute terms. In addition, the employment rate among participants remains unchanged, pointing to a partial substitution from wage employment to self-employment. The evidence shows that the program fostered business skills...

Entrepreneurship Programs in Developing Countries : A Meta Regression Analysis

Cho, Yoonyoung; Honorati, Maddalena
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.67%
This paper provides a synthetic and systematic review on the effectiveness of various entrepreneurship programs in developing countries. It adopts a meta-regression analysis using 37 impact evaluation studies that were in the public domain by March 2012, and draws out several lessons on the design of the programs. The paper observes wide variation in program effectiveness across different interventions depending on outcomes, types of beneficiaries, and country context. Overall, entrepreneurship programs have a positive and large impact for youth and on business knowledge and practice, but no immediate translation into business set-up and expansion or increased income. At a disaggregate level by outcome groups, providing a package of training and financing is more effective for labor activities. In addition, financing support appears more effective for women and business training for existing entrepreneurs than other interventions to improve business performance.

Providing Skills for Equity and Growth

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.57%
The scope of this report is twofold. First, it documents skills gaps and mismatches and attempts to understand the reasons for them. Second, it provides a framework for thinking about skills development, drawing on international best practices, with the intent of stimulating further discussion. Given the breadth of the task, in this report we narrow the focus on a particular segment of the labor force: unskilled youth. There are several reasons sustaining this choice. First, unskilled youth, most of whom are out of school and have little chance to integrate themselves into the labor market, represent a significant share of the labor force that will remain active for the next 30 or 40 years. If nothing is done, out-of school youth will benefit at best only marginally from growth, and may even become an obstacle to sustaining growth in the long term. Second, the current educational system still faces a strong challenge in retaining students, and unskilled youth are likely to remain high on the agenda in the next decade or even longer. Finally...

Revisiting Entrepreneurship Education Literature: Implications for Learning and Teaching Entrepreneurship

Albornoz, Carlos; Rocco, Tonette S.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.78%
Courses and programs about entrepreneurship show so much variation that it is hard to identify typical teaching strategies. Although diversity is good, consistency is needed because the value of entrepreneurship education has not been established. A literature review on teaching and learning in entrepreneurship was conducted; three challenges were identified.

Competence-based approach to teaching international opportunity identification: cross-cultural aspects

Muzychenko, O.
Fonte: Inderscience Publishers Publicador: Inderscience Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.68%
Boosting entrepreneurship is an important strategy for transforming the competitiveness of European economies (Commission of the European Communities, 2004). Two key areas for action are educating entrepreneurs and supporting the internationalisation of small and medium-sized enterprises (Commission of the European Communities, 2004). This paper explores how entrepreneurship education can facilitate international entrepreneurship by fostering international opportunity identification competencies. Entrepreneurship education needs to develop the actual task competence of identifying opportunities and the perceived task competence (self-efficacy) of the entrepreneur. Competence and self-efficacy are developed and applied in context (Man, 2005). Hence, we argue that culture is a significant contextual variable. We explore the possible moderating influence of cross-cultural training on entrepreneurial competence and self-efficacy in identifying international opportunities. We then recommend strategies for increasing entrepreneurial competence and self-efficacy in identifying international opportunities through cross-cultural training.; Copyright © 2008 Inderscience Enterprises Limited. All rights reserved.

Defining entrepreneurship as a 'domain of practice': implications for theory and research for policy and education

O'Connor, A.; Cherry, N.; Buckley, P.
Fonte: Inderscience Publishers Publicador: Inderscience Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.77%
This paper holds in tension two perspectives on the framing of entrepreneurship: one as a discipline and the other as a domain of practice. Cooperative inquiry is the research method used to 'hold' and 'conduct' this inquiry with the purpose of exploring the implications of both the different definitional frames of entrepreneurship and the use of a cooperative inquiry research method. First, we demonstrate the application and implementation of the cooperative inquiry. Second, the implications of the different definitional frames are explored within the contexts of Australian education policy and the teaching and learning practice of entrepreneurship. Finally, the implications and possibilities of a cooperative inquiry research method are discussed for the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) project.; O'Connor, Allan; Cherry, Nita and Buckley, Patricia; Copyright © 2004-2006 Inderscience Enterprises Limited

Framing the Global Landscape of Entrepreneurship Education and Training Programs

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.78%
Entrepreneurship is of fundamental importance as a catalyst for innovation, job creation, and economic well-being. Policymakers have a strong interest in promoting entrepreneurship given that its development is necessary for fighting poverty and unemployment. This paper is an initial contribution to help fill gap, performing a systematic review of Entrepreneurship Education and Training (EET) programs worldwide and developing a conceptual framework that is applied to systematically analyze EET programs. The objective of this framework paper is to identify the dimensions of EET programs that matter for realizing the spectrum of EET-related outcomes. To meet that objective, the paper presents a conceptual framework and applies it to systematically analyze effective EET programs. The aim is to find common practices and trends across effective programs and draw from them practical insights of value to future EET program design and implementation. This framework paper is organized into four parts: part one summarizes major findings and trends from a review of EET research and provides definitions to distinguish between Entrepreneurship Education (EE) and Entrepreneurship Training (ET). Part two outlines the conceptual framework that emerged from the review of EET research. Part three analyzes the global landscape of EET programs by target group and provides findings from that analysis. Part four summarizes the study's findings...

Innovation and entrepreneurship in scientific research; Inovação e empreendedorismo em pesquisa científica

CARRER, Celso da Costa; PLONSKI, Guilherme Ary; CARRER, Célia Regina Orlandelli; OLIVEIRA, Celso Eduardo Lins de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.55%
This research wants to lay emphasis on topics that historicize and rescue concepts, in addition, shows the relation between innovation and socioeconomic development resulted; reviews the legal framework to stimulate new innovation into Brazilian society; considers the definition and the entrepreneur university's new paradigm; and finally, this research highlights the importance of teaching entrepreneur at universities, with straight society benefits. The results suggests that innovation is directly enrolled with a successful development of certain society, as well, is actually the biggest business competitive differential into corporative universe. In one way of getting results of social advancement to inform entrepreneur research practice, it appears that entrepreneurs concepts, necessarily, must be incorporated into the array of Science/Technology/Innovation for the effective development of supported formula. This article develops a thought about actual scientific researches paradigm, the way that is built on today, and if it's sufficient to effectively get the results that society expects from main bodies to create human resource and researches, especially those with innovation aspects, at Brazilian economic improvement.; Este artigo procurou enfocar aspectos que historicizam e resgatam conceitos...

Innovation and entrepreneurship in scientific research

Carrer,Celso da Costa; Plonski,Guilherme Ary; Carrer,Célia Regina Orlandelli; Oliveira,Celso Eduardo Lins de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.55%
This research wants to lay emphasis on topics that historicize and rescue concepts, in addition, shows the relation between innovation and socioeconomic development resulted; reviews the legal framework to stimulate new innovation into Brazilian society; considers the definition and the entrepreneur university's new paradigm; and finally, this research highlights the importance of teaching entrepreneur at universities, with straight society benefits. The results suggests that innovation is directly enrolled with a successful development of certain society, as well, is actually the biggest business competitive differential into corporative universe. In one way of getting results of social advancement to inform entrepreneur research practice, it appears that entrepreneurs concepts, necessarily, must be incorporated into the array of Science/Technology/Innovation for the effective development of supported formula. This article develops a thought about actual scientific researches paradigm, the way that is built on today, and if it's sufficient to effectively get the results that society expects from main bodies to create human resource and researches, especially those with innovation aspects, at Brazilian economic improvement.

TRAINING and TEACHING ENTREPRENEURIAL EXCELLENCE

Casimiro, Juan P.
Fonte: Universidade Nacional Autônoma do México Publicador: Universidade Nacional Autônoma do México
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.53%

TRAINING and TEACHING ENTREPRENEURIAL EXCELLENCE

Casimiro, Juan P.
Fonte: Universidade Nacional Autônoma do México Publicador: Universidade Nacional Autônoma do México
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.53%

Teaching entrepreneurship students the practice of innovation: A brain-based guided experience approach; Ensinando estudantes de empreendedorismo a praticar inovação: uma abordagem baseada na experiência guiada no cérebro

Degen, Ronald Jean
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/12/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.74%
http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8077.2013v15n37p92This paper presents a new method for teaching entrepreneurship students to practice innovation and to create high-impact business opportunities.  The teaching method is based on the guided experience learning model that was developed by Caine et al. (2009) to develop the executive functions in the brains of learners, and on the innovation framework that was introduced by Verganti (2009).  The cognitive perspective of creativity, as explained by Weisberg (2006), is used to show how the practice of innovation can be learned.  The model used for the creative process is based on research by Wallas (1926), and on recent neurological findings on the deliberate and spontaneous pathways to creativity (Carson, 2010).  The concept of effectual process (SARASVATHY, 2008) provides an approach to the validation of the students’ radical innovation ideas.; Este artigo apresenta um novo método para ensinar estudantes de empreendedorismo a praticar inovação e criar oportunidades de negócios de alto-impacto.  O método de ensino é baseado no modelo de aprendizado através da experiência desenvolvido por Caine et al. (2009) para desenvolver as funções executivas no cérebro dos aprendizes...