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Inmigration to Chile: a characterization of inmigrants in Chile and a look at the (lack of) impact of the 2007-2008 amnesty for undocumented workers

Medina, Jennifer
Fonte: Universidad de Chile Publicador: Universidad de Chile
Tipo: Tesis
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.03%
Tesis para optar al grado de Magíster en Políticas Públicas; No disponible a texto completo; Throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, the strength and stability of the Chilean economy relative to its neighbors has spurred the entry of immigrant workers into the Chilean labor market. Although the magnitude of immigrants in Chile remains quite low, the rapid increase in immigration in the 1990s, the large concentration of immigrants in the Metropolitan Region, the expanded media coverage, and a growing concern about the presence of undocumented immigrants have brought immigration into the spotlight as a public policy issue. This latter concern regarding undocumented immigrants served as the catalyst for the recent regularization program implemented by the Chilean government between November 5th, 2007 and February 5th, 2008. This paper seeks to characterize recent immigration to Chile, to conduct a descriptive comparison of immigrants and natives and to examine briefly the potential impact of the regularization on the incomes of sectors with relatively large concentrations of immigrant workers. Despite the recent attention that the regularization drew to immigration, Chile remains a country of few foreign-born. According to the Census of 2002...

A variação do saldo migratório internacional do Brasil

Carvalho, José Alberto Magno de; Campos, Marden Barbosa de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Avançados Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Avançados
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2006 POR
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16.03%
OS REGISTROS administrativos dos vistos consulares de residência, mesmo quando disponibilizados, tanto pelos consulados estrangeiros no Brasil quanto por aqueles do país no exterior, não permitem calcular os fluxos de imigrantes e de emigrantes internacionais, em razão da alta proporção de migrantes clandestinos ou ilegais. Como conseqüência, não se pode saber, a partir dos registros, nem sequer se o Brasil tem tido saldos migratórios internacionais positivos ou negativos. Técnicas indiretas permitem estimar o saldo migratório internacional, a partir das populações enumeradas em dois censos consecutivos. Na data do segundo censo, são comparadas as populações observada (recenseada) e esperada (aquela que se teria, se porventura a população do país tivesse permanecido fechada entre os dois censos). A diferença entre elas corresponde, em princípio, ao saldo migratório internacional. Apesar das dificuldades técnicas, advindas principalmente da significativa variação de cobertura entre os Censos de 1991 e de 2000, concluiu-se que o Brasil teria tido, entre 1980 e 1990, um saldo migratório negativo de aproximadamente 1.800 mil pessoas. O saldo, também negativo, teria caído significativamente, no decênio 1990/2000...

Testing the Latino paradox in Latin America: A population-based study of Intra-regional immigrants in Chile

Cabieses,Baltica; Tunstall,Helena; Pickett,Kate
Fonte: Sociedad Médica de Santiago Publicador: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
Background: Several studies in high-income countries report better health status of immigrants compared to the local population ("healthy migrant" effect), regardless of their socioeconomic deprivation. This is known as the Latino paradox. Aim: To test the Latino paradox within Latin America by assessing the health of international immigrants to Chile, most of them from Latin American countries, and comparing them to the Chilean-born. Material and Methods: Secondary data analysis of the population-based CASEN survey-2006. Three health outcomes were included: disability, illness/accident, and cancer/chronic condition (dichotomous). Demographics (age, sex, marital status, urban/rural, ethnicity), socioeconomic-status (SES: educational level, employment status and household income per-capita), and material standards (overcrowding, sanitation, housing quality). Crude and adjusted weighted regression models were performed. Results: One percent of Chile's population were immigrants, mainly from other Latin American countries. A "healthy migrant" effect appeared within the total immigrant population: this group had a significantly lower crude prevalence of almost all health indicators than the Chilean-born, which remained after adjusting for various demographic characteristics. However...

Trastornos mentales comunes y uso de servicios de salud en población inmigrante

Rojas,Graciela; Fritsch,Rosemarie; Castro,Ariel; Guajardo,Viviana; Torres,Pamela; Díaz,Berta
Fonte: Sociedad Médica de Santiago Publicador: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2011 ES
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
Background: Chile is receiving immigrant populations coming from other Latin-American countries. Aim: To determine the prevalence of Common Mental Disorders (CMD) among immigrants who live in Independencia, a quarter in Santiago, Chile. Material and Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in the primary health care clinic and in the state-funded school of Independencia. A representative sample of 282 adults and 341 children were interviewed. Mental disorders were diagnosed using CIS-R and MINI structured interviews. Results: The interviewed immigrants came mostly from Peru. The prevalence of mental disorders in the adult population was 17.8% and among children, it was 29.3%. Conclusions: The adult immigrants have a lower prevalence of mental disorders than the Chilean population but it increases among children. Barriers of access to health services, that should be solved, were detected.