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Dietary glycemic load, glycemic index, and refined grains intake are associated with reduced β-cell function in prediabetic Japanese migrants; Associação entre carga glicêmica da dieta, índice glicêmico e consumo de cereais refinados e função reduzida das células-β em migrantes japoneses com pré-diabetes

SARTORELLI, Daniela Saes; FRANCO, Laércio Joel; DAMIÃO, Renata; GIMENO, Suely; CARDOSO, Marly Augusto; FERREIRA, Sandra Roberta Gouvea
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.78%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between carbohydrate intakes and β-cell function (HOMA-β) in Japanese-Brazilians with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). METHODS: Dietary intakes were assessed by a validated food frequency questionnaire in a cross-sectional survey carried out in 2000. The associations between diet and HOMA-β were verified in 270 newly diagnosed IGT in multiple linear regression models. RESULTS: The mean (SD) age was 58 (11) years and the mean HOMA-β was 65 (47). The glycemic load was inversely associated with HOMA-β, β1 -0.140 (95%CI = -1.044; -0.078), p = 0.023. The inverse association was also observed for refined grains intakes: -0.186 (95%CI = -0.4862; -0.058), p = 0.012. After adjustments for body mass index, the glycemic index was inversely associated with HOMA-β: -0.1246 (95%CI = -2.2482, -0.0257), p < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggested that dietary glycemic load, glycemic index, and refined grains intakes are associated with reduced β-cell function, and the quality of dietary carbohydrates may be relevant for maintaining β-cell function among individuals with IGT.; OBJETIVO: Investigar a associação entre o consumo de carboidratos e função das células-β (HOMA-β) em nipo-brasileiros portadores de tolerância à glicose diminuída (TGD). MÉTODOS: O consumo alimentar habitual foi avaliado por meio do questionário quantitativo de frequência alimentar previamente validado em estudo transversal conduzido em 2000. A associação entre dieta e HOMA-β foi verificada em 270 indivíduos portadores de TGD em modelos de regressão logística ajustados. RESULTADOS: A média (DP) de idade foi 58 (11) anos e do HOMA-β foi 65 (47). A carga glicêmica foi inversamente associada ao HOMA-β...

Hábitos alimentares de nikkeis : uma revisão sistemática

Tanabe, Fabiana Hitomi
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
O objetivo foi identificar na literatura a descrição de hábitos alimentares de nikkeis (imigrantes japoneses e seus descendentes residentes fora do Japão).Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática da literatura, com buscas nas bases de dados do Lilacs, Scielo e Medline, referente aos anos de 1997 a 2010. Os descritores utilizados nas buscas foram: “issei”, “nisei”, “sansei”, “Japanese-American”, “Japanese-Brazilian”, “diet”, “dietary habits”, “dietary patterns”, “food habits”, “food intake”. 378 artigos foram encontrados, dos quais 346 foram excluídos por serem estudos experimentais com animais, estudos com níveis séricos de vitaminas e metabólitos, estudos de baixa qualidade metodológica, entre outros. Incluíram-se também artigos através da busca manual de materiais, totalizando um número final de 35 artigos analisados. A maioria dos artigos, realizados tanto em nipo-brasileiros como em nipo-americanos, relatou um grande consumo de alimentos ricos em gordura por parte dos sujeitos investigados, em detrimento de alimentos tradicionais da culinária japonesa. Quanto mais próximo à primeira geração, menor era o consumo lipídico. Foi observado também que, comparados aos sujeitos de outras etnias...

Intervenção PRAdA: efeitos no peso induzidos por proposta de alteração de comportamento alimentar em hipertensos medicados nativos portugueses e imigrantes de origem africana

Peixoto, Catarina; Carrilho, Gisela; Alarcão, Violeta; Guerra, Filipa; Simões, Rui; Fernandes, Milene; Nicola, Paulo; Guiomar, Sofia; Nogueira, Paulo; Rocha, Evangelista
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.07%
© Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Portugal License.; Introduction: Blood pressure is significantly improved with weight loss. Behavioral interventions for weight loss seem to be less successful in African immigrants. Our main aims were to assess the effect of a dietary and lifestyle intervention on weight among hypertensive Portuguese natives and immigrants and to identify success factors for weight loss, and also to evaluate changes in knowledge and compliance with food recommendations. Material and Methods: Hypertensive medicated patients followed in primary care setting were randomly enrolled in a two phase study, observational (15-months) and behavioral intervention (six months). Participants were divided in two groups: immigrants from African Countries of Portuguese Official Language and Portuguese natives. Participants were given dietary and life styles recommendations in individual face-to-face and telephone sessions. Results: Of 110 participants with a mean BMI of 31.6 ± 3.7 Kg/m2, 60 were immigrants. The number of dietary recommendations known and followed at the end was significantly greater than at baseline; however natives performed a greater number of recommendations. Weight loss during intervention was in average 1.4 ± 2.7% in natives and 0.8 ± 3.6% in immigrants and was greater than in the observational period. Being male and consuming more than 2 servings of low-fat dairy products/day was associated with higher weight loss...

Dietary glycemic load, glycemic index, and refined grains intake are associated with reduced β-cell function in prediabetic Japanese migrants

Sartorelli,Daniela Saes; Franco,Laércio Joel; Damião,Renata; Gimeno,Suely; Cardoso,Marly Augusto; Ferreira,Sandra Roberta Gouvea
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.78%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between carbohydrate intakes and β-cell function (HOMA-β) in Japanese-Brazilians with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). METHODS: Dietary intakes were assessed by a validated food frequency questionnaire in a cross-sectional survey carried out in 2000. The associations between diet and HOMA-β were verified in 270 newly diagnosed IGT in multiple linear regression models. RESULTS: The mean (SD) age was 58 (11) years and the mean HOMA-β was 65 (47). The glycemic load was inversely associated with HOMA-β, β1 -0.140 (95%CI = -1.044; -0.078), p = 0.023. The inverse association was also observed for refined grains intakes: -0.186 (95%CI = -0.4862; -0.058), p = 0.012. After adjustments for body mass index, the glycemic index was inversely associated with HOMA-β: -0.1246 (95%CI = -2.2482, -0.0257), p < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggested that dietary glycemic load, glycemic index, and refined grains intakes are associated with reduced β-cell function, and the quality of dietary carbohydrates may be relevant for maintaining β-cell function among individuals with IGT.

Addressing Practical Issues Related Tto Nursing Care For International Visitors To Hiroshima

Nishikawa,Mariko; Niiya,Kiyoka; Okayasu,Masako
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.78%
When nine million foreigners visited Japan in 2013, the federal government set a goal to attract an additional two and a half million visitors including medical tourists by 2020. This research investigates the attitudes and concerns of Japanese nurses when they are in a situation dealing with foreign patients. The data were collected from March through September 2010, from 114 nurses at three hospitals, in close proximity to popular tourist destinations in Hiroshima. A questionnaire was developed for this research, named Mari Meter, which included a section to write answers to an open question for the nurses to express their opinions. These responses were examined statistically and by word analysis using Text Mining Studio. Japanese nurses expressed greatest concern about payment options, foreign language skills, and issues of informed consent, when dealing with foreigners. The results confirm that, in order to provide a high quality of patient care, extra preparation and a greater knowledge of international workers and visitors are required by nursing professionals in Japan.


International Migration, Economic Development and Policy

Özden, Çağlar; Schiff, Maurice
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
This volume reflects the expansion of the World Bank Research Program on International Migration and Development into new substantive and geographic areas. It presents a new global migration database and includes studies of the determinants and impact of return and circular migration, the impact of the flow of ideas on fertility, host country policies and their impact on immigrants, and the impact of international migration and remittances on poverty and other development indicators. The studies cover countries from Latin America, North Africa, South Asia, the South Pacific, and Western Europe, and show that the impact of migration on education and health tends to benefit girls more than boys, that its impact on labor force participation tends to be stronger for women than men, that return migrants tend to do better than non-migrants, and that fertility has tended to decline in countries whose migration has been to the West and has failed to do so in countries whose migration has been to the Gulf. The purpose of the case studies is to illustrate and clarify many theoretical mechanisms and to advance understanding of the impact of different migration policies...

Individual development of preschool children - prevalences and determinants of delays in Germany: a cross-sectional study in Southern Bavaria

Stich, H.; Baune, B.; Caniato, R.; Mikolajczyk, R.; Kraemer, A.
Fonte: BioMed Central Ltd. Publicador: BioMed Central Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.77%
Background: Even minor abnormalities of early child development may have dramatic long term consequences. Accurate prevalence rates for a range of developmental impairments have been difficult to establish. Since related studies have used different methodological approaches, direct comparisons of the prevalence of developmental delays are difficult. The understanding of the key factors affecting child development, especially in preschool aged children remains limited. We used data from school entry examinations in Bavaria to measure the prevalence of developmental impairments in pre-school children beginning primary school in 1997–2009. Methods: The developmental impairments of all school beginners in the district of Dingolfing- Landau, Bavaria were assessed using modified “Bavarian School Entry Model” examination from 1997 to 2009 (N=13,182). The children were assessed for motor, cognitive, language and psychosocial impairments using a standardised medical protocol. Prevalence rates of impairments in twelve domains of development were estimated. Using uni- and multivariable logistic regression models, association between selected factors and development delays were assessed. Results: The highest prevalence existed for impairments of pronunciation (13.8%) followed by fine motor impairments (12.2%)...

Self-rated health in Canadian immigrants:analysis of the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada

Setia, M.S.; Lynch, J.; Abrahamowicz, M.; Tousignant, P.; Quesnel-Vallee, A.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.99%
Abstract not available; Maninder Singh Setia, John Lynch, Michal Abrahamowicz, Pierre Tousignant, Amelie Quesnel-Vallee

SIDA en Espa??a e inmigraci??n: an??lisis epidemiol??gico

Berm??dez S??nchez, Mar??a de la Paz; Castro, ??ngel; Buela-Casal, Gualberto
Fonte: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Publicador: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
El objetivo de este estudio descriptivo es analizar la situaci??n actual del Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Humana/S??ndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida [VIH/SIDA] en Espa??a, por comunidades aut??nomas. Para ello, se analizan los datos epidemiol??gicos de VIH y de sida en Espa??a, ajustados a las tasas de poblaci??n y se comparan ??ndices de prevalencia y la distribuci??n por sexo, edad y v??a de transmisi??n del sida en las comunidades aut??nomas espa??olas. Adem??s, se presta especial atenci??n a los inmigrantes como personas que pueden estar emitiendo conductas de riesgo para la infecci??n por VIH/ sida. Los resultados muestran que las comunidades aut??nomas con ??ndices de prevalencia m??s elevados son: Madrid, Pa??s Vasco, Baleares y Catalu??a. Del total de infectados por el VIH/sida en Espa??a desde 1981, el 80,02% corresponde a hombres y, por grupos de edad, el m??s afectado es el de los que tienen entre 30 y 34 a??os. Aunque el n??mero de casos de sida haya descendido en Espa??a desde la entrada de los tratamientos antirretrovirales, debe prestarse atenci??n a la epidemia y a algunos colectivos en mayor situaci??n de riesgo, como son los inmigrantes.; The aim of this work was to analyze the current HIV/AIDS situation in Spain according to Spanish regions. Epidemiological HIV and AIDS Spanish data are analyzed and adjusted by population rates. Prevalence indexes and distribution by gender...

Estudo SAIMI - Saúde e Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde dos Imigrantes do Subcontinente Indiano em Lisboa: Que Recomendações para Cuidados de Saúde Equitativos e Culturalmente Adaptados?; SAIMI Study - Health and Health Care Access by Immigrants from the Indian Subcontinent in Lisbon: What Recommendations for Equitable and Culturally Adequate Health Care?

Campos Matos, Inês; Unidade de Epidemiologia. Instituto de Medicina Preventiva e Saúde Pública. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade de Lisboa. Lisboa. Portugal.; Alarcão, Violeta; Unidade de Epidemiologia. Instituto de Medicina Preventiva e Saúde Pú
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 29/05/2015 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
Introdução: O crescimento da população imigrante em Portugal tem sido consistente nas últimas décadas. Apesar disto, a informação sobre a saúde das populações imigrantes é escassa. Esta investigação utiliza dados recolhidos junto da população oriunda do subcontinente indiano a residir no distrito de Lisboa para produzir recomendações para a prestação de serviços de saúde culturalmente adaptados.Material e Métodos: Estudo transversal junto da comunidade imigrante do subcontinente indiano (Bangladesh, Índia e Paquistão) a residir em Lisboa, selecionada com base numa técnica de amostragem bola de neve e recorrendo a inquiridores com acesso privilegiado à população-alvo. O questionário inquiriu sobre a saúde, o acesso aos cuidados de saúde, estilos de vida e atitudes perante a morte. Foi feita uma análise descritiva dos dados e uma comparação entre as três nacionalidades padronizada para a idade.Resultados: Foram administrados questionários a 1011 indivíduos com uma taxa de adesão de 97%. A maioria dos participantes eram adultos do sexo masculino. Os imigrantes indianos relataram mais frequentemente barreiras na utilização dos serviços de saúde e tinham uma maior frequência de doenças crónicas. Os imigrantes paquistaneses tinham piores indicadores de estilos de vida.Discussão: A população imigrante do subcontinente indiano tende a relatar mais dificuldades linguísticas no acesso aos cuidados de saúde quando comparada com outras populações imigrantes. Com base em recomendações da Organização Mundial da saúde...

PRAdA Intervention: Effects on Weight of Dietary Intervention among Treated Hypertensive Portuguese Natives and African Immigrants; Intervenção PRAdA: Efeitos no Peso Induzidos por Proposta de Alteração de Comportamento Alimentar em Hipertensos Medicados Nativos Portugueses e Imigrantes de Origem Africana

Peixoto, Catarina; Unidade de Epidemiologia. Instituto de Medicina Preventiva. Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa. Lisboa. Portugal.; Carrilho, Gisela; Unidade de Epidemiologia. Instituto de Medicina Preventiva. Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa. Lisboa. Portu
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2014 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
Introduction: Blood pressure is significantly improved with weight loss. Behavioral interventions for weight loss seem to be less successful in African immigrants. Our main aims were to assess the effect of a dietary and lifestyle intervention on weight among hypertensive Portuguese natives and immigrants and to identify success factors for weight loss, and also to evaluate changes in knowledge and compliance with food recommendations.Material and Methods: Hypertensive medicated patients followed in primary care setting were randomly enrolled in a two phase study, observational (15-months) and behavioral intervention (six months). Participants were divided in two groups: immigrants from African Countries of Portuguese Official Language and Portuguese natives. Participants were given dietary and life styles recommendations in individual face-to-face and telephone sessions.Results: Of 110 participants with a mean BMI of 31.6 ± 3.7 Kg/m2, 60 were immigrants. The number of dietary recommendations known and followed at the end was significantly greater than at baseline; however natives performed a greater number of recommendations. Weight loss during intervention was in average 1.4 ± 2.7% in natives and 0.8 ± 3.6% in immigrants and was greater than in the observational period. Being male and consuming more than 2 servings of low-fat dairy products/day was associated with higher weight loss...

The politics of immigrant integration in post-enlargement Europe migrants : co-ethnics and European citizens in Italy and Spain

BARBULESCU, Roxana
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
Examining Board: Professor Rainer Bauböck, European University Institute (EUI Supervisor) Professor Kitty C. Calavita, University of California, Irvine Professor Andrew Geddes, University of Sheffield Professor Claire Kilpatrick, European University Institute.; Defence date: 11 June 2013; In migration studies, it is taken for granted that states do not only attempt to control overall numbers of immigrants, but also establish different regulatory regimes for refugees, labour migrants, family reunification, co-ethnics and many other categories of migrants. In studies of immigrant integration, however, most analyses have assumed that each state pursues a single and coherent national approach. The aim of this dissertation is to challenge this assumption by examining how states pursue integration differently for different categories of migrants in post-enlargement Europe. In addition to third country nationals I consider also migrants who have a special cultural and historical bond with their host countries, such as emigrants and descendants of emigrants or migrants from the former colonies (co-ethnics), as well as European Union citizens from old and new member states. The dissertation builds on empirical evidence collected from 1985 to 2012 at national...

Influencia del lugar de origen en la utilización de pruebas de cribado de cáncer ginecológico en España; Impact of geographic origin on gynecological cancer screening in Spain

Sanz-Barbero, Belén; Regidor, Enrique; Galindo, Silvia
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2011 SPA; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.78%
OBJETIVO: Analizar la asociación entre el área geográfica de procedencia en el uso de las citologías y la mamografía. MÉTODOS: Los datos analizados proceden Encuesta Nacional de Salud de España-2006 dirigida a población mayor de 16 años. La Encuesta incluye 13.422 mujeres. Las variables dependientes fueron realización de una mamografía y de una citología vaginal, ambos en los últimos 12 meses. La medida de asociación fue el odds ratio con intervalo de confianza al 95% calculado por regresión logística. RESULTADOS: Tomando como referencia la población española, la probabilidad de realizarse una mamografías entre las mujeres procedentes de África fue 0,36 (IC95% 0,21;0,62) veces menor; Europa del Este 0,40 (IC95% 0,22;0,74) veces menor; Europa Occidental, EEUU y Canadá, 0,60 (IC95% 0,43; 0,84) veces menor y América Central / Sur 0,64 (IC95% 0,52;0,81) veces menor. En relación a la prevención de cáncer de cervix, probabilidad de realizarse una citología entre las mujeres Europa del Este fue 0,38 (IC95% 0,28;0,50) veces menor que la población española, África 0,47 (IC95%:0,33;0,67) veces menor y Europa Occidental, EEUU y Canadá 0,61 (IC95% 0,46;0,81) veces menor. Dichas asociaciones fueron independientes de la edad...

Testing the Latino paradox in Latin America: A population-based study of Intra-regional immigrants in Chile

Cabieses,Baltica; Tunstall,Helena; Pickett,Kate
Fonte: Sociedad Médica de Santiago Publicador: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
Background: Several studies in high-income countries report better health status of immigrants compared to the local population ("healthy migrant" effect), regardless of their socioeconomic deprivation. This is known as the Latino paradox. Aim: To test the Latino paradox within Latin America by assessing the health of international immigrants to Chile, most of them from Latin American countries, and comparing them to the Chilean-born. Material and Methods: Secondary data analysis of the population-based CASEN survey-2006. Three health outcomes were included: disability, illness/accident, and cancer/chronic condition (dichotomous). Demographics (age, sex, marital status, urban/rural, ethnicity), socioeconomic-status (SES: educational level, employment status and household income per-capita), and material standards (overcrowding, sanitation, housing quality). Crude and adjusted weighted regression models were performed. Results: One percent of Chile's population were immigrants, mainly from other Latin American countries. A "healthy migrant" effect appeared within the total immigrant population: this group had a significantly lower crude prevalence of almost all health indicators than the Chilean-born, which remained after adjusting for various demographic characteristics. However...

Human rights and immigrants' access to care

Parmet,Wendy; Fischer,Simon
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.06%
Although the human right to health is well established under international law, many states limit non-citizens' participation in public insurance programs. In the United States, immigrants face especially high barriers due to the lack of recognition of a broad right to health as well as federal statutes restricting many immigrants' eligibility to federally-funded insurance. High rates of uninsurance among immigrants have a detrimental effect on their health, as well as on the health of citizens who live in their communities. Finch vs. Commonwealth Health Insurance Connector, a recent case decided by the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, recognized the rights of legal immigrants in Massachusetts to state-supported health care, and demonstrates the importance of insuring immigrants in broadly-based, rather than immigrant-specific, programs.

Menu labeling perception and health behaviors among immigrant and US born minority populations: Assessment in two Los Angeles public markets

Vargas-Bustamante,Arturo
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
Objective. To analyze menu labeling perception and food choices/health behaviors in two Los Angeles public markets. Labels with food caloric content were displayed in the food court of one of these markets. Materials and methods. Bivarate means analyses compared the surveyed population by market and by nativity status. The main predictors of menu-labeling influence were identified in the sample from the market that displayed labels. A separate analysis investigated food choices/health behaviors among immigrant cohorts by time of US residence. Results. Reading labels when shopping was one of the main predictors associated with menu labeling influence. Longer-stayed immigrants were more likely to afford "balanced meals", but they were also more likely to eat in fast food restaurants and less likely to engage into moderate/intense physical activity. Conclusions. While nativity was not a significant predictor of menu labeling influence on food choices, our findings suggest food choices/behaviors convergence among immigrant and US-born populations.

Human rights and immigrants' access to care

Parmet,Wendy; Fischer,Simon
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.06%
Although the human right to health is well established under international law, many states limit non-citizens' participation in public insurance programs. In the United States, immigrants face especially high barriers due to the lack of recognition of a broad right to health as well as federal statutes restricting many immigrants' eligibility to federally-funded insurance. High rates of uninsurance among immigrants have a detrimental effect on their health, as well as on the health of citizens who live in their communities. Finch vs. Commonwealth Health Insurance Connector, a recent case decided by the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, recognized the rights of legal immigrants in Massachusetts to state-supported health care, and demonstrates the importance of insuring immigrants in broadly-based, rather than immigrant-specific, programs.

Menu labeling perception and health behaviors among immigrant and US born minority populations: Assessment in two Los Angeles public markets

Vargas-Bustamante,Arturo
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
Objective. To analyze menu labeling perception and food choices/health behaviors in two Los Angeles public markets. Labels with food caloric content were displayed in the food court of one of these markets. Materials and methods. Bivarate means analyses compared the surveyed population by market and by nativity status. The main predictors of menu-labeling influence were identified in the sample from the market that displayed labels. A separate analysis investigated food choices/health behaviors among immigrant cohorts by time of US residence. Results. Reading labels when shopping was one of the main predictors associated with menu labeling influence. Longer-stayed immigrants were more likely to afford "balanced meals", but they were also more likely to eat in fast food restaurants and less likely to engage into moderate/intense physical activity. Conclusions. While nativity was not a significant predictor of menu labeling influence on food choices, our findings suggest food choices/behaviors convergence among immigrant and US-born populations.

United States-Mexico cross-border health insurance initiatives: Salud Migrante and Medicare in Mexico

Vargas Bustamante,Arturo; Laugesen,Miriam; Caban,Mabel; Rosenau,Pauline
Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
While U.S. health care reform will most likely reduce the overall number of uninsured Mexican-Americans, it does not address challenges related to health care coverage for undocumented Mexican immigrants, who will remain uninsured under the measures of the reform; documented low-income Mexican immigrants who have not met the five-year waiting period required for Medicaid benefits; or the growing number of retired U.S. citizens living in Mexico, who lack easy access to Medicare-supported services. This article reviews two promising binational initiatives that could help address these challenges-Salud Migrante and Medicare in Mexico; discusses their prospective applications within the context of U.S. health care reform; and identifies potential challenges to their implementation (legal, political, and regulatory), as well as the possible benefits, including coverage of uninsured Mexican immigrants, and their integration into the U.S. health care system (through Salud Migrante), and access to lower-cost Medicare-supported health care for U.S. retirees in Mexico (Medicare in Mexico).

Functioning outcomes for abused immigrant women and their children 4 months after initiating intervention

Cesario,Sandra K.; Nava,Angeles; Bianchi,Ann; McFarlane,Judith; Maddoux,John
Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.77%
OBJECTIVE: To measure the impact of shelter intervention and protection orders on the mental health functioning, resiliency, and further abuse of documented and undocumented immigrant women and their children in Houston, Texas, United States. METHODS: A prospective cohort study initiated in 2011 examined a subsample of 106 immigrant mothers, primarily from Mexico and Central America, and evaluated their functioning with a battery of 13 well-established instruments as they accessed either shelter or justice services; followed-up was conducted 4 months later to measure improvement. Data were analyzed with a series of repeated measures 2 x 2 x 2 factorial analysis of variance tests. RESULTS: Large effect size improvements were observed in abused immigrant women’s mental health, resiliency, and safety, regardless of whether the intervention accessed was safe shelter or justice services, and regardless of duration of shelter stay and whether or not a protection order was issued. Similarly, large effect size improvements were observed in child functioning, independent of which type of intervention, the duration of shelter stay, or the issuance of a protection order. CONCLUSIONS: Accessing protective services has the potential to improve the health of immigrant women and their children...