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Graphite–castor oil polyurethane composite electrode surfaces – AFM morphological and electrochemical characterisation

Chiorcea-Paquim, Ana-Maria; Diculescu, Victor Constantin; Cervini, Priscila; Cavalheiro, Eder Tadeu Gomes; Brett, Ana Maria Oliveira
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.44%
Graphite–castor oil polyurethane composite electrodes with different graphite weight percentages, 30–70% graphite–polyurethane w w−1, were morphologically studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and voltammetry. AFM images and r.m.s. roughness measurements demonstrated that the polyurethane roughness decreased with increasing the graphite content, composites of 50% and 60% graphite–polyurethane w w−1 showing the smother electrode surface. The electrochemical characterisation was performed in solutions of K4Fe(CN)6 by cyclic voltammetry and impedance spectroscopy. For compositions of 60% and 70% graphite–polyurethane w w−1, the cyclic voltammetry results showed the K4Fe(CN)6 system reversibility. The charge transfer resistance, determined from the EIS spectra, decreased significantly with increasing the graphite/polyurethane ratio, and the capacitance increased for higher graphite percentages. AFM and voltammetric results enable to conclude that 60% graphite–polyurethane w w−1 was the optimal composition for the preparation of the graphite–polyurethane composite electrodes.

Pt/TiO(2)/poly(vinyl sulfonic acid) Layer-by-Layer Films for Methanol Electrocatalytic Oxidation

FACCI, Tiago; PARREIRA, Renato L. T.; PEREIRA-DA-SILVA, Marcelo A.; OLIVEIRA JR., Osvaldo N.; HUGUENIN, Fritz
Fonte: AMER SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS Publicador: AMER SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
One major challenge for the widespread application of direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) is to decrease the amount of platinum used in the electrodes, which has motivated a search for novel electrodes containing platinum nanoparticles. In this study, platinum nanoparticles were electrodeposited on layer-by-layer (LbL) films from TiO(2) and poly(vinyl sulfonic) (PVS), by immersing the films into a H(2)PtCl(6) solution and applying a 100 mu A current during different electrode position times. Scanning tunnel microscopy (STM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) images showed increased platinum particle size and electrode roughness for increasing electrodeposition times. The potentiodynamic profile of the electrodes indicated that oxygen-like species in 0.5 mol L(-1) H(2)SO(4) were formed at less positive potentials for the smallest platinum particles. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements confirmed the high reactivity for the water dissociation and the large amount of oxygen-like species adsorbed on the smallest platinum nanoparticles. This high oxophilicity of the smallest nanoparticles was responsible for the electrocatalytic activity of Pt-TiO(2)/PVS systems for methanol electrooxidation, according to the Langmuir-Hinshelwood bifunctional mechanism. Significantly...

New Approaches for the Ethanol Oxidation Reaction of Pt/C on Carbon Cloth Using ATR-FTIR

Souza, R. F. B. de; Silva, J. C. M.; Simoes, F. C.; Calegaro, Marcelo Luiz; Oliveira Neto, Almir; Santos, M. C.
Fonte: ELECTROCHEMICAL SCIENCE GROUP; BELGRADE Publicador: ELECTROCHEMICAL SCIENCE GROUP; BELGRADE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.35%
This work describes the study of the ethanol oxidation reaction of a Pt/C Etek electrocatalyst that was supported on different substrates, such as gold, glassy carbon and carbon cloth treated with PTFE. In the ethanol oxidation reaction, the activity varies with the substrate, as well as the pathways for ethanol oxidation, as studied by an ATR-FTIR in situ setup using the carbon cloth as the electrocatalyst support. The electrocatalyst Pt/C supported on gold starts acetaldehyde production from ethanol oxidation at an onset potential of 0.1 V less than that observed for the same process on Teflon-treated carbon cloth. The Pt/C supported on the carbon cloth starts its CO2 production for the same oxidation process at 0.2 V less than on the Pt/C supported on gold substrate. The differences in catalytic activity for the ethanol oxidation reaction depend not only on the electrocatalyst but also on various electrode factors, such as the substrate, the roughness of the electrode and the charge transfer resistance.; CAPES; CAPES; CNPq [473308/2010-0]; CNPq; FAPESP; FAPESP [09/09145-6, 10/07831-7, 10/03037-4, 10/16511-6]; INCT; INCT [573.783/2008-0]; UFABC; UFABC

Estudo das propriedades morfológico-estruturais e eletroquímicas de eletrodos de SnO2; Study of the morphological-structural and electrochemical properties of electrodes of SnO2

Longo, Claudia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/10/1998 PT
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26.44%
Os eletrodos de filme de SnO2 suportado sobre sílica ou titânio apresentam propriedades eletroquímicas e morfológico-estruturais bastante distintas e são empregados em diferentes aplicações. Estes dois tipos de materiais foram preparados e investigaram-se suas propriedades através de diversas técnicas eletroquímicas e de análise de superfície. Os eletrodos de Ti/SnO2(Sb) apresentaram a superfície porosa e rugosidade de 500 nm. Para os filmes finos (~40 nm) depositados sobre sílica, porém, observou-se alta transparência, superfície uniforme e rugosidade de 1 nm. Mesmo entre os eletrodos transparentes, dependendo do dopante (Cl, F ou Sb), verificaram-se diferenças quanto às orientações cristalográficas predominantes, espessura, resistividade e tamanho das partículas. As investigações eletroquímicas também revelaram diferenças consideráveis entre ambos os tipos de eletrodos. Para as reações de óxido-redução do K4Fe(CN)6, p.ex., a transferência de elétrons foi muito mais rápida sobre o eletrodo de Ti/Sn)2(Sb), possivelmente porque este eletrodo apresentava maior número de portadores de carga e menor resistência ôhmica que os eletrodos transparentes. Investigou-se ainda o comportamento eletroquímico de eletrodos modificados com um filme de octadeciltriclorosilano (OTS). Os estudos revelaram que a presença do OTS não alterou o mecanismo para a reação de geração de oxigênio...

Treatment of PVC using an alternative low energy ion bombardment procedure

Rangel, Elidiane C.; dos Santos, Nazir M.; Bortoleto, Jose Roberto R.; Durrant, Steven F.; Schreiner, Wido H.; Honda, Roberto Yzumi; Rangel, Rita de Cassia C.; Cruz, Nilson C.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1854-1861
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.18%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); In many applications, polymers have progressively substituted traditional materials such as ceramics, glasses, and metals. Nevertheless, the use of polymeric materials is still limited by their surface properties. Frequently, selective modifications are necessary to suit the surface to a given application. Amongst the most common treatments, plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) has attracted the attention of many researchers owing to its versatility and practicality. This method, however, requires a power supply to provide high voltage (tens of kV) negative pulses, with a controlled duty cycle, width and frequency. Owing to this, the implementation of PIII on the industrial scale can become economically inviable. In this work, an alternative plasma treatment that enables low energy ion bombardment without the need of a high voltage pulse generator is presented. To evaluate the efficiency of the treatment of polymers, polyvinylchloride, PVC, specimens were exposed to 5 Pa argon plasmas for 3600 s, at excitation powers, P, of between 10 and 125 W. Through contact angle and atomic force microscopy data, the influence of P on the wettability, surface free energy and roughness of the samples was studied. Surface chemical composition was measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy...

Efeitos da rugosidade superficial nas propriedades de passivação de monocamadas orgânicas automontadas

Benites, Tiago A.; Ribeiro, Willian C.; Góes, Márcio S.; Ferreira, Antonio A. P.; Bueno, Paulo R.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1533-1537
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.18%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Precise surface area is needed for accurate characterization of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on metallic surfaces. The aim of this manuscript was to emphasize that miscalculation of surface area is the major source of errors in SAM electrochemical characterization. Limitations are discussed and recommendations given for beginners in analyses of SAM functionalized electrodes. The electrochemical measurements and examples were based on bare gold electrode immobilized with dodecanethiol. The degree of compression of the monolayer properties of formation and reproducibility of the electrochemical response depends on roughness factor, with values closer to the unit being better.

Effect of the oxide loading on the surface characteristics of LaNio3 oxide coated electrodes

Soares, C. O.; Silva, R. A.; Carvalho, M. D.; Jorge, M. E. Melo; Gomes, A.; Rangel, C. M.; Pereira, M. I. da Silva
Fonte: Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia Publicador: Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 12/12/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.45%
The LaNiO3 perovskite-type oxide is one of the most tested anode for the oxygen evolution reaction in alkaline solutions. It is well established that the oxide preparation conditions and the electrode fabrication are key factors to control the electrochemical behaviour of oxide coatings. In a previous work the authors studied the influence of preparation conditions of the oxide and support type on the electrochemical behaviour of Ni foam coated LaNiO3 electrodes. Ni foam was selected as support due to its unique characteristics namely low contact resistance between the oxide and support, possibility of high metal oxide loadings and dimensional stability [1]. No studies were performed, concerning the influence of the oxide loading. Studies performed by Singh et al. on LaNiO3 coatings on Ni foil supports have shown that the electrode roughness factor increased with increase in oxide loading at the beginning and finally attained a constant value around 0.03 g cm-2 [2]. The present work reports on the study of the dependence of roughness factor (Rf) and morphology factor (φ) on the oxide loading for Ni foam coated LaNiO3 electrodes with loadings varying between 0.02 and 0.14 g cm-2. Cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used to evaluate the Rf and φ values...

Characterization and electrochemical behaviour of nanostructured calcium samarium manganite electrodes fabricated by RF-Magnetron Sputtering

Barrocas, B.; Sério, S.; Rovisco, A.; Nunes, Y.; Sá, A. I. Correia de; Pereira, M. I. da Silva; Jorge, M. E. Melo
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
Ca1-xSmxMnO3(0 . x . 0.4) films were successfully fabricated on Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) coated quartzglass substrates by radio frequency magnetron sputtering technique (RF- magnetron sputtering) fromcompacted nanosized powder targets, and subsequent annealing at 800.C in air, for 6 h. X-ray diffrac-tion shows a pure typical perovskite phase for x . 0.1. Scanning electron microscopy and atomic forcemicroscopy revealed that the films surface is dense, with low roughness, depending on the Sm content, even though a few cracks were observed. Crystallite size was found to decrease with the Sm content. Theelectrodes were characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The oxide electrode fs capacitance was estimated using both techniques and the corresponding roughness factors evaluated. The values obtained from the two methods show a good agreement. A com-parison between the voltammetric data and those referred in the literature allowed finding out that theredox reaction occurring at the electrode surface involves the pair Mn4+/Mn3+. EIS measurements con-firm the voltammetric data and they also give additional information about the film porosity and the charge transfer resistance. This last parameter is associated with the oxidation and reduction of the pairMn3+/Mn4+and after normalized by the roughness factor shows an increase with samarium content.

An interdisciplinary approach to the electrochemistry at solid electrodes

Arvia,A.J.; Salvarezza,R.C.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1997 EN
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26.28%
An interdisciplinary approach to the electrochemistry at solid electrodes is presented here taking into account new basic interpretations for either phase growth or phase disruption under conditions far from equilibrium. For this purpose imaging data derived from scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) at different scale lengths are extremely useful. This approach provides new insights into roughness development, roughness decay and reactivity at solid electrodes. The study of mobile interfaces by the sequential application of in situ STM data and an interpretation based on the dynamic scaling theory furnish a qualitative and a quantitative description of surface irregularities, and provide information about the interface evolution mechanism under steady and non-steady roughness regimes. Various examples of electrochemical interest are discussed on the basis of this interdisciplinary approach.

CO2 Corrosion in the Region Between the Static and Turbulent Flow Regimes

Ferreira,Lilian Raquel Moretto; Ponte,Haroldo Araujo; Sanches,Luciana Schmidlin; Abrantes,Ana Carolina Tedeschi Gomes
Fonte: ABM, ABC, ABPol Publicador: ABM, ABC, ABPol
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.28%
This paper discusses the influence of the flow of a fluid from the static regime to the turbulent in CO2 corrosion experienced by low carbon steel. A more comprehensive approach to CO2 corrosion implies taking the free flowing velocity and shear stress of the fluid and the surface roughness of the material into consideration. Low carbon steel samples in two different superficial finish conditions were used as the rotating cylinder electrode. The corrosion rate were determined by linear polarization at 25 °C in a 0.5 mol/L NaHCO3 solution purged with CO2 at 1 atm pressure in pH 7.5. The effect of superficial finish on CO2 corrosion in flow conditions was studied. The results obtained showed that the corrosion rate increases with flow velocity and is influenced by surface roughness.

Fabrication and Optimization of a Nanoporous Platinum Electrode and a Non-enzymatic Glucose Micro-sensor on Silicon

Lee, Yi-Jae; Park, Dae-Joon; Park, Jae-Yeong; Kim, Younghun
Fonte: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI) Publicador: Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/10/2008 EN
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26.37%
In this paper, optimal conditions for fabrication of nanoporous platinum (Pt) were investigated in order to use it as a sensitive sensing electrode for silicon CMOS integrable non-enzymatic glucose micro-sensor applications. Applied charges, voltages, and temperatures were varied during the electroplating of Pt into the formed nonionic surfactant C16EO8 nano-scaled molds in order to fabricate nanoporous Pt electrodes with large surface roughness factor (RF), uniformity, and reproducibility. The fabricated nanoporous Pt electrodes were characterized using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and electrochemical cyclic voltammograms. Optimal electroplating conditions were determined to be an applied charge of 35 mC/mm2, a voltage of -0.12 V, and a temperature of 25 °C, respectively. The optimized nanoporous Pt electrode had an electrochemical RF of 375 and excellent reproducibility. The optimized nanoporous Pt electrode was applied to fabricate non-enzymatic glucose micro-sensor with three electrode systems. The fabricated sensor had a size of 3 mm × 3 mm, air gap of 10 μm, working electrode (WE) area of 4.4 mm2, and sensitivity of 37.5 μA•L/mmol•cm2. In addition, it showed large detection range from 0.05 to 30 mmolL-1 and stable recovery responsive to the step changes in glucose concentration.

Efficient piezoelectric ZnO nanogenerators based on Au-coated silica sphere array electrode

Ko, Yeong Hwan; Nagaraju, Goli; Yu, Jae Su
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/12/2013 EN
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26.3%
We reported ZnO nanorod-based piezoelectric nanogenerators (NGs) with Au-coated silica sphere array as an efficient top electrode. This electrode can readily bend the ZnO nanorods due to its enhanced surface roughness, thus resulting in more increased and regular piezoelectric charge output. Under a low external pushing force of 0.3 kgf, the output current and voltage were increased by approximately 2.01 and 1.51 times, respectively, in comparison with a conventional Au top electrode without silica spheres. Also, the effect of Au-coated silica spheres on the bending radius of ZnO nanorods was theoretically investigated.

Real-Time Dynamic Adsorption Processes of Cytochrome c on an Electrode Observed through Electrochemical High-Speed Atomic Force Microscopy

Takeda, Kouta; Uchihashi, Takayuki; Watanabe, Hiroki; Ishida, Takuya; Igarashi, Kiyohiko; Nakamura, Nobuhumi; Ohno, Hiroyuki
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 11/02/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.42%
An understanding of dynamic processes of proteins on the electrode surface could enhance the efficiency of bioelectronics development and therefore it is crucial to gain information regarding both physical adsorption of proteins onto the electrode and its electrochemical property in real-time. We combined high-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM) with electrochemical device for simultaneous observation of the surface topography and electron transfer of redox proteins on an electrode. Direct electron transfer of cytochrome c (cyt c) adsorbed on a self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) formed electrode is very attractive subject in bioelectrochemistry. This paper reports a real-time visualization of cyt c adsorption processes on an 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid-modified Au electrode together with simultaneous electrochemical measurements. Adsorbing cyt c molecules were observed on a subsecond time resolution simultaneously with increasing redox currents from cyt c using EC-HS-AFM. The root mean square roughness (RRMS) from the AFM images and the number of the electrochemically active cyt c molecules adsorbed onto the electrode (Γ) simultaneously increased in positive cooperativity. Cyt c molecules were fully adsorbed on the electrode in the AFM images when the peak currents were steady. This use of electrochemical HS-AFM significantly facilitates understanding of dynamic behavior of biomolecules on the electrode interface and contributes to the further development of bioelectronics.

Influence of a magnetic field on the electrochemical rest potential

Rhen, Fernando M.F.; Fernandez, Damaris; Hinds, Gareth; Coey, John Michael David
Fonte: The Electrochemical Society Publicador: The Electrochemical Society
Tipo: Journal Article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; none
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.25%
peer-reviewed; The influence of an external magnetic field on the rest potential ΔE0 of ferromagnetic and nonferromagnetic electrodes is studied. The shift E0 is measured as a function of magnetic field magnitude and direction, pH, electrolyte composition, solution agitation, and electrode roughness. Anodic shifts can be observed not only for ferromagnetic electrodes (iron, cobalt, nickel), but also for nonmagnetic electrodes (zinc, manganese). The essential condition to observe the shift is that the electrode should be actively corroding. An anodic shift is observed when the cathodic corrosion current is mass-transport limited. The primary mechanism for the effect is agitation of the electrolyte near the electrode surface due to Lorentz force acting on the corrosion currents directly, or via the electrokinetic effect. A smaller influence of magnetic field gradient produced by ferromagnetic electrodes is identified.

Effects of Nanowire Length and Surface Roughness on the Electrochemical Sensor Properties of Nafion-Free, Vertically Aligned Pt Nanowire Array Electrodes

Li, Zhiyang; Leung, Calvin; Gao, Fan; Gu, Zhiyong
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/09/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.45%
In this paper, vertically aligned Pt nanowire arrays (PtNWA) with different lengths and surface roughnesses were fabricated and their electrochemical performance toward hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) detection was studied. The nanowire arrays were synthesized by electroplating Pt in nanopores of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) template. Different parameters, such as current density and deposition time, were precisely controlled to synthesize nanowires with different surface roughnesses and various lengths from 3 μm to 12 μm. The PtNWA electrodes showed better performance than the conventional electrodes modified by Pt nanowires randomly dispersed on the electrode surface. The results indicate that both the length and surface roughness can affect the sensing performance of vertically aligned Pt nanowire array electrodes. Generally, longer nanowires with rougher surfaces showed better electrochemical sensing performance. The 12 μm rough surface PtNWA presented the largest sensitivity (654 μA·mM−1·cm−2) among all the nanowires studied, and showed a limit of detection of 2.4 μM. The 12 μm rough surface PtNWA electrode also showed good anti-interference property from chemicals that are typically present in the biological samples such as ascorbic...

Ultrasmooth, extremely deformable and shape recoverable Ag nanowire embedded transparent electrode

Nam, Sanggil; Song, Myungkwan; Kim, Dong-Ho; Cho, Byungjin; Lee, Hye Moon; Kwon, Jung-Dae; Park, Sung-Gyu; Nam, Kee-Seok; Jeong, Yongsoo; Kwon, Se-Hun; Park, Yun Chang; Jin, Sung-Ho; Kang, Jae-Wook; Jo, Sungjin; Kim, Chang Su
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/04/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.3%
Transparent electrodes have been widely used in electronic devices such as solar cells, displays, and touch screens. Highly flexible transparent electrodes are especially desired for the development of next generation flexible electronic devices. Although indium tin oxide (ITO) is the most commonly used material for the fabrication of transparent electrodes, its brittleness and growing cost limit its utility for flexible electronic devices. Therefore, the need for new transparent conductive materials with superior mechanical properties is clear and urgent. Ag nanowire (AgNW) has been attracting increasing attention because of its effective combination of electrical and optical properties. However, it still suffers from several drawbacks, including large surface roughness, instability against oxidation and moisture, and poor adhesion to substrates. These issues need to be addressed before wide spread use of metallic NW as transparent electrodes can be realized. In this study, we demonstrated the fabrication of a flexible transparent electrode with superior mechanical, electrical and optical properties by embedding a AgNW film into a transparent polymer matrix. This technique can produce electrodes with an ultrasmooth and extremely deformable transparent electrode that have sheet resistance and transmittance comparable to those of an ITO electrode.

Flexion bonding transfer of multilayered graphene as a top electrode in transparent organic light-emitting diodes

Tae Lim, Jong; Lee, Hyunkoo; Cho, Hyunsu; Kwon, Byoung-Hwa; Sung Cho, Nam; Kuk Lee, Bong; Park, Jonghyurk; Kim, Jaesu; Han, Jun-Han; Yang, Jong-Heon; Yu, Byoung-Gon; Hwang, Chi-Sun; Chu Lim, Seong; Lee, Jeong-Ik
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/12/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.4%
Graphene has attracted considerable attention as a next-generation transparent conducting electrode, because of its high electrical conductivity and optical transparency. Various optoelectronic devices comprising graphene as a bottom electrode, such as organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), organic photovoltaics, quantum-dot LEDs, and light-emitting electrochemical cells, have recently been reported. However, performance of optoelectronic devices using graphene as top electrodes is limited, because the lamination process through which graphene is positioned as the top layer of these conventional OLEDs is a lack of control in the surface roughness, the gapless contact, and the flexion bonding between graphene and organic layer of the device. Here, a multilayered graphene (MLG) as a top electrode is successfully implanted, via dry bonding, onto the top organic layer of transparent OLED (TOLED) with flexion patterns. The performance of the TOLED with MLG electrode is comparable to that of a conventional TOLED with a semi-transparent thin-Ag top electrode, because the MLG electrode makes a contact with the TOLED with no residue. In addition, we successfully fabricate a large-size transparent segment panel using the developed MLG electrode. Therefore...

Effects of Asymmetrical Micro Electrode Surface Topography to AC Electroosmosis flow Rate

Hong-Yuan, Jiang; Shan-Shan, Li; Zhen-Xiu, Hou; Yu-Kun, Ren; Yong-Jun, Sun
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.5%
AC Electroosmosis (ACEO) has many advantages such as low power consumption, non-moving parts, and easy to integrate etc., so it is widely used for low concentration microfluid manipulation in low frequency range. Classical ACEO theory assumes that electric double layer (EDL) is the main cause of electric field induced flow, and gives electric-flow field coupling equations for ACEO flow rate. But the calculation data usually are tens times faster than the experimental velocities. In this paper, electrode surface topography is included to solve ACEO flow rate. With electrode surface roughness as the characteristic parameter, equivalent EDL model is set up to modify the classical EDL model. The relationship between flow rate and electrode surface roughness is studied. Experiment results agree with the simulation very well, proving the feasibility of equivalent EDL model.; Comment: withdraw, not finished yet

Morphological and Electrochemical Analysis of a Self-Assembled Monolayer of 3-Mercaptopropionic Acid on Gold Electrode; Análise Morfológica e Eletroquímica de uma Monocamada do Ácido 3-Mercaptopropiônico sobre Eletrodo de Ouro

Cleverson S. Santos; Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa; Rosana Mosanha; Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa; Luis Fernando Marchesi; Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná; Christiana A. Pessôa; Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa
Fonte: Revista Virtual de Química Publicador: Revista Virtual de Química
Tipo: ; Formato: binary/octet-stream
Publicado em 18/09/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.25%
This paper investigates the morphology of a polycrystalline gold electrode modified with a monolayer of 3-MPA (Au/MPA) constructed in different immersion times and thiol concentrations, using the techniques of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). It was verified that both surface roughness as the capacitance of the Au/MPA are dependent on the concentration and the organization of the 3-MPA molecules adsorbed on the gold electrode surface. Voltammetric results demonstrated that the coverage is dependent on the immersion time and concentration of the 3-MPA solution. These results are in agreement with the EIS results which showed the increased in charge transfer resistance (Rct) as a function of the immersion time, due to increase of the electron transfer block caused by the monolayer. However, the Rct increased until 180 min. and higher immersion times did not show significant variations in resistance. DOI: 10.5935/1984-6835.20150095; Este artigo investiga a morfologia do eletrodo de ouro policristalino modificado com monocamada do 3-MPA (Au/MPA) construído em diferentes tempos de imersão e concentrações do tiol, utilizando as técnicas de espectroscopia de impedância eletroquímica (EIE) e microscopia de força atômica. Verificou-se que tanto a rugosidade da superfície...

Capacitance of the Double Layer at Polycrystalline Au-Ag Electrodes: Influence of Preparation Technique and Specific Anion Adsorption

Hammadi,A.; Berd,M.
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquímica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.35%
We present electrochemical impedance spectra made on gold alloy containing 30% silver electrodes of various roughnesses in aqueous perchlorate acid solution as supporting electrolyte in the absence and in the presence of mM of specifically adsorbed halide ions X (X = Br-, Cl-, I-), at potentials where the dominant electrode process is the adsorption of the above anions. Efforts were mainly concentrated on the importance of surface preparation technique of the electrode and its influence on impedance spectra. Atomic scale inhomogeneities are introduced by mechanical treatment and can be decreased by annealing. Due to the annealing the double layer behaves as (almost) an ideal capacitance in the absence of specific adsorption though the surface roughness remains the same. A study of the related impedance behaviour in the presence of adsorbates even at very low concentrations (10-4 M), revealed capacitance dispersion increasing with the extent of specific anion adsorption at the gold/silver surface.