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Influence of cerium (IV) ions on the mechanism of organosilane polymerization and on the improvement of its barrier properties

SUEGAMA, P. H.; MELO, H. G. de; BENEDETTI, A. V.; AOKI, I. V.
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
In this work, the effect of cerium (IV) ammonium nitrate (CAN) addition on the polymerization of bis-[triethoxysilyl]ethane (BTSE) film applied on carbon steel was studied. The electrochemical characterization of the films was carried out in 0.1 mol L(-1) NaCl solution by open-circuit potential measurements, anodic and cathodic polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Morphological and chemical characterization were performed by atomic force microscopy (AFM), contact angle measurements, infrared-spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance and thermogravimetric analysis. The results have clearly shown the improvement on the protective properties of the Ce(4+) modified film as a consequence of the formation of a more uniform and densely reticulated silane film. A mechanism is proposed to explain the accelerating role of Ce(4+) ions on the cross-linking of the silane layer. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

The electrochemical effect of acid functionalisation of carbon nanotubes to be used in sensors development

MORAES, F. C.; CABRAL, M. F.; MASCARO, L. H.; MACHADO, S. A. S.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.19%
The electrochemical behaviour of multi-walled carbon nanotubes was compared with that of glassy carbon, and the differences were investigated by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy before and after acid pre-treatment. The electrochemical techniques showed that acid functionalisation significantly improves the electrocatalytic properties of carbon nanotubes. These electrocatalytic properties enhance the analytical signal, shift the oxidation peak potential to a less positive value, and the charge-transfers rate increase of both dopamine and K(4)[Fe(CN)(6)]. The functionalisation step and the resulting appearance of edge planes covered with different chemical groups were confirmed by FTIR measurements. Carbon nanotubes after acid pre-treatment are a potentially powerful analytical tool for sensor development. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; CNPq; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); CAPES[0316083]

On the activation and physical degradation of boron-doped diamond surfaces brought on by cathodic pretreatments

SALAZAR-BANDA, Giancarlo R.; CARVALHO, Adriana E. de; ANDRADE, Leonardo S.; ROCHA-FILHO, Romeu C.; AVACA, Luis A.
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
The electrochemical activation and physical degradation of boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrodes with different boron doping levels after repeated cathodic pretreatments are reported. Galvanostatic cathodic pretreatment passing up to -14000 C cm(-2) in steps of -600 C cm(-2) using -1 A cm(-2) caused significant physical degradation of the BDD surface, with film detachment in some areas. Because of this degradation, a great increase in the electrochemically active area was observed in Tafel plots for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in acid media. The minimum cathodic pretreatment needed for the electrochemical activation of the BDD electrodes without producing any observable physical degradation on the BDD surfaces was determined using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements and cyclic voltammetry: -9 C cm(-2), passed at -1 A cm(-2). This optimized cathodic pretreatment can be safely used when electrochemical experiments are carried out on BDD electrodes with doping levels in the range between 800 and 8000 ppm.; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); CNPq; CAPES; Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); FAPESP; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)

Microelectrode array in mixed alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers: Electrochemical studies

Cancino, Juliana; Machado, Sergio Antonio Spinola
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD; OXFORD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD; OXFORD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.2%
We report an efficient alternative to obtain recessed microelectrodes device on gold electrode surface, in which mixed self-assembled monolayer of long and short carbon alkanethiol chains was used for this purpose. Development of the modified electrodes included the chemical adsorption of 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid and 2-mercaptoethanol solution, as well as their mixtures, on gold surface, resulting in the final mixed self-assembled monolayer configuration. For comparison, the electrochemical performance of self-assembled monolayer of 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid. 3-mercaptopropionic acid, 4-mercapto-1-butanol and 6-mercapto-1-hexanol modified electrodes was also investigated. It was verified that, in the mixed self-assembled monolayer, the 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid acts as a barrier for electron transfer while the short alkanethiol chair is deposited in an island-like shape through which electrons can be freely transferred to ions in solution, allowing electrochemical reactions to occur. The performance of the modified electrodes toward microelectrode behavior was investigated via cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements using [Fe(CN)(6)](3-/4-) redox couple as a probe. In this case, sigmoidal voltammetric responses were obtained...

Influence of normal and radial contributions of local current density on local electrochemical impedance spectroscopy

Ferrari, Jean Vicente; Melo, Hercilio Gomes de; Keddam, M.; Orazem, M. E.; Pébère, Nadine; Tribollet, Bernard; Vivier, V.
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd; Oxford Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd; Oxford
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
A new tri-electrode probe is presented and applied to local electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (LEIS) measurements. As opposed to two-probe systems, the three-probe one allows measurement not only of normal, but also of radial contributions of local current densities to the local impedance values. The results concerning the cases of the blocking electrode and the electrode with faradaic reaction are discussed from the theoretical point of view for a disk electrode. Numerical simulations and experimental results are compared for the case of the ferri/ferrocyanide electrode reaction at the Pt working electrode disk. At the centre of the disk, the impedance taking into account both normal and radial contributions was in good agreement with the local impedance measured in terms of only the normal contribution. At the periphery of the electrode, the impedance taking into account both normal and radial contributions differed significantly from the local impedance measured in terms of only the normal contribution. The radial impedance results at the periphery of the electrode are in good agreement with the usual explanation that the associated larger current density is attributed to the geometry of the electrode, which exhibits a greater accessibility at the electrode edge. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.; CAPES; Charles A. Stokes professorship

Local electrochemical investigation of copper patina

Mennucci, Marina Martins; Sanchez-Moreno, M.; Aoki, Idalina Vieira; Bernard, M-C.; Melo, Hercilio Gomes de; Joiret, S.; Vivier, Vincent
Fonte: SPRINGER; NEW YORK Publicador: SPRINGER; NEW YORK
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.31%
The patination of copper is known for its complexity and heterogeneous formation. For a deeper investigation, a locally resolved surface analysis was considered. An exact determination of the accessed area and a potentiostatic control in a three-electrode configuration was reached with the use of the electrochemical microcell technique, which enables local electrochemical measurement such as local electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. Such a technique provides a unique way for performing the investigation of heterogeneities on electrode surfaces. The local electrochemical measurements on the artificially patinated surface have allowed distinguishing areas of different reactivity even when the analysis of the surface revealed a homogenous chemical composition of patina. Local measurements with the electrochemical microcell showed the presence of small defects on the patina layer that can be modelled by considering a hemispherical diffusion process at small active areas surrounded by larger less reactive domains.; CAPES; Spanish Education Ministry

"Estudo da eletro-oxidação de monóxido de carbono sobre eletrocatalisadores suportados por espectroscopia de impedância eletroquímica"; Study of carbon monoxide electro-oxidation on supported electrocatalysts by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy

Ciapina, Eduardo Gonçalves
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/02/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.27%
O presente trabalho estudou comparativamente, do ponto de vista fundamental, a reação de eletro-oxidação de monóxido de carbono (CO) em meio ácido, sobre Pt75Sn25/C, Pt65Ru35/C e Pt/C através da Espectroscopia de Impedância Eletroquímica. Os materiais foram preparados por redução com ácido fórmico e caracterizados fisicamente por EDX e DRX de alta intensidade e eletroquimicamente por voltametria. Previamente aos estudos de Impedância, foram realizados estudos potenciodinâmicos da reação de eletro-oxidação de CO adsorvido (?Stripping de CO?) e a oxidação de CO em uma solução saturada de CO. Para os materiais Pt65Ru35/C e Pt/C, estes estudos mostraram que há um deslocamento de potencial do inicio da oxidação para valores mais positivos quando CO está presente em solução se comparado a oxidação (stripping) de CO, devido a competição de sítios de adsorção entre moléculas de CO e H2O, responsáveis pela reação. Por outro lado, no material bimetálico Pt75Sn25/C a presença de CO em solução não influenciou de maneira significativa o potencial de inicio da oxidação, confirmando a ausência de adsorção competitiva neste material. A curva de polarização em estado estacionário revelou que, dentre os 3 materiais estudados...

Caracterização da superfície do aço-carbono ABNT 1008 revestida com organo-silanos por meio de técnicas eletroquímicas e físico-químicas.; Characterization of the surface of steel-carbon ABNT 1008 coated with organo-silanes by means of electrochemical and physical-chemistry techniques.

Aquino, Isabella Pacifico
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/06/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.17%
O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar por meio de técnicas eletroquímicas e físicoquímicas o comportamento das camadas de silano aplicadas diretamente sobre as chapas de aço-carbono ABNT 1008 pela técnica de imersão, como uma proteção contra a corrosão. O estudo compreendeu a avaliação do comportamento das monocamadas de BTSE [Bis-1,2-(trietoxisilil)etano], VS (Viniltrietoxisilano) e BTSPA [Bis-(y-trimetoxisililpropil)amina], variando as condições de cura (tempo e temperatura) e também da dupla camada de silano. A dupla camada consistiu na combinação de BTSE como primeira camada e uma segunda camada de VS ou BTSPA. A espectroscopia de impedância eletroquímica (EIS) em solução de NaCl 0,1 M possibilitou detectarem a resistência à corrosão das camadas de silano, revelando que a sua eficiência aumenta com o aumento da temperatura e do tempo de cura e também que uma dupla camada apresenta um efeito protetor mais eficiente que o das monocamadas. Assim, a dupla camada de BTSE + BTSPA forneceu o melhor resultado, comprovando que confere melhor proteção ao aço-carbono. Com a medida ângulo de contato foi possível caracterizar a hidrofobicidade da superfície metálica revestida com o filme de silano, constatando-se que as camadas de BTSE...

Estudo da corrosão localizada da liga de alumínio 7475-T761 por espectroscopia de impedância eletroquímica global e local em meio de sulfato de sódio.; Localized corrosion study of aluminum alloy 7475-T761 in sulfate medium using global and local electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.

Ferrari, Jean Vicente
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/07/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
As ligas de Al utilizadas na indústria aeroespacial com finalidade estrutural apresentam microestrutura complexa devido aos tratamentos termo-mecânicos a que são submetidas visando o aumento da resistência mecânica. Estas ligas se caracterizam pela presença de um grande número de intermetálicos (IMs) em sua microestrutura, os quais possuem atividade eletroquímica diferente da matriz provocando problemas de corrosão localizada devido à formação de microcélulas galvânicas. Na última década a espectroscopia de impedância eletroquímica (LEIS) tem se estabelecido como uma poderosa técnica na elucidação de aspectos locais relacionados à corrosão, e também tem servido para estudos de aspectos teóricos referentes à distribuição de potencial e corrente na superfície de eletrodos e suas correlações com a reatividade superficial. Esta técnica se baseia na análise de diferentes impedâncias locais obtidas por meio de um bi-eletrodo posicionado nas proximidades do eletrodo de trabalho. O presente trabalho visa estudar a corrosão localizada da liga de Al 7475-T761, utilizada na estrutura de asas e na fuselagem de aeronaves, em meios contendo íons sulfato por meio de espectroscopia de impedância eletroquímica global (EIS) e por LEIS...

Avaliação da corrosividade do biodiesel por técnicas gravimétricas e eletroquímicas.; Evaluation of biodiesel corrosiveness by gravimetric and electrochemical techniques.

Aquino, Isabella Pacifico
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/01/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.2%
A corrosão provocada pelo biodiesel é um problema relevante associado à incompatibilidade do biodiesel com diversos materiais metálicos e poliméricos, sendo de suma importância quanto à durabilidade dos motores automotivos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a corrosividade do biodiesel sobre os metais presentes no circuito de combustível dos motores que trabalham segundo o ciclo diesel aplicando técnicas gravimétricas e eletroquímicas. Todos os ensaios foram realizados em biodiesel puro obtido pela reação de transesterificação do óleo de soja refinado com etanol na presença de um catalisador alcalino. Foi avaliada a influência de dois métodos de purificação na corrosividade do biodiesel. A corrosividade do biodiesel e a degradação após contato com os íons metálicos foram avaliadas bem como em função da incidência de luz natural, temperatura e disponibilidade de oxigênio. Os resultados foram comparados com um biodiesel comercial fornecido pela Petrobrás. Ensaios de perda de massa segundo as normas ASTM G1 e ASTM G31 foram realizados para determinar a taxa de corrosão para cada metal nas diferentes condições de incidência de luz e temperatura. Na caracterização eletroquímica foi empregada a técnica de espectroscopia de impedância eletroquímica para avaliar o comportamento de corrosão dos metais em contato com o biodiesel puro...

Electrochemical studies with a Cu-5wt.%Ni alloy in 0.5 M H2SO4

Hurtado, MRF; Sumodjo, PTA; Benedetti, A. V.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 2791-2798
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
The electrochemical behavior of the annealed Cu-5wt.%Ni alloy in 0.5 M H2SO4 was studied by means of open-circuit potential (E-OCP) measurements, cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and quasi-stationary linear potential sweep. The hydrodynamics of the system was also studied. This material is constituted by a single a, phase. The anodic behavior of a Cu-Ni alloy in H2SO4 consists fundamentally on the electrodissolution of Cu, its main component, and the formation of a sulfur-containing passive layer. The presence of Ni decreases the rate of Cu oxidation, mostly at high positive potentials. The impedance spectra, obtained for the unrotating electrode, can be interpreted in terms of a simple charge-transfer reaction across a surface layer. When the electrode is rotated, the occurrence of an inductive loop evidenced the existence of an adsorbed layer. All the resistance estimated from the proposed equivalent circuits diminished with the electrode rotation rate, emphasizing the influence of ion transport in the overall electrode process. The system presented two anodic Tafel slopes: 40 mV dec(-1) for E < 255 mV and 67 mV dec(-1) for E > 275 mV. A Tafel slope of 40 mV dec(-1) evidences that copper dissolution can be interpreted in terms of the mechanism proposed by Mattsson and Bockris. The second Tafel suggests that at potentials more positive than 275 mV...

Using the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy to characterize carbon steel in biodiesel medium

Akita, A. H.; Fugivara, C. S.; Aoki, I. V.; Benedetti, A. V.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 71-77
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.41%
Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements using two carbon steel electrodes in soybean biodiesel medium, produced by methylic route, were performed in an electrochemical cell that allows positioning the two electrodes face-to-face. To retain the biodiesel between the electrodes and prevent its leakage a porous membrane soaked in biodiesel was used. The amplitude of the AC potential and the area of the electrodes were varied. The linearity between disturbance and response signals was observed for tests when the amplitude of the AC potential was lower than 1500 mV (rms). The electrical resistance of biodiesel dominates the global response and carbon steel presents low corrosion, which is observed only at low frequency, and was confirmed by chemical tests performed in the membrane. In conclusion the electrical resistance of biodiesel can be estimated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy with two electrodes set up. ©The Electrochemical Society.

Carbon nanotube-reinforced siloxane-PMMA hybrid coatings with high corrosion resistance

Hammer, P.; Dos Santos, F. C.; Cerrutti, B. M.; Pulcinelli, S. H.; Santilli, C. V.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 601-608
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
Siloxane-polymethyl methacrylate hybrid films containing functionalized multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were deposited by dip-coating on carbon steel substrates from a sol prepared by radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate and 3-methacryloxy propyl-trimethoxysilane, followed by hydrolytic co-polycondensation of tetraethoxysilane. The correlation between the structural properties and corrosion protection efficiency was studied as a function of the molar ratio of nanotubes carbon to silicon, varied in the range between 0.1% and 5%. 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance and thermogravimetric measurements have shown that hybrids containing carbon nanotubes have a similar degree of polycondensation and thermal stability as the undoped matrix and exhibit and excellent adhesion to the substrate. Microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results revealed a very good dispersion of carbon nanotubes in the hybrid matrix and the presence of carboxylic groups allowing covalent bonding with the end-siloxane nodes. Potentiodynamic polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy results demonstrate that CNTs containing coatings maintain the excellent corrosion protection efficiency of the hybrids, showing even a superior performance in acidic solution. The nanocomposite structure acts as efficient corrosion barrier...

Influence of ethanol, acidity and chloride concentration on the corrosion resistance of AISI 316L stainless steel

Ferreira, Elivelton A.; Noce, Rodrigo Della; Fugivara, Cecílio S.; Benedetti, Assis V.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 397-405
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.06%
The influence of ethanol, sulfuric acid and chloride on the corrosion resistance of 316L stainless steel was investigated by means of polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements. Over the studied range, the steel corrosion potential was independent of H2SO 4 and NaCl concentrations in aqueous solution. On the other hand, in solution containing 65 wt.% ethanol and 35 wt.% water, the corrosion potentials were higher than those obtained in aqueous solution. Besides, the steel corrosion potential was affected by the addition of H2SO4 and NaCl in solution. In solutions with and without ethanol, plus 0.35 wt.% NaCl, the presence of 1 wt.% H2SO4 inhibited the appearance of pitting corrosion. © 2013 Sociedade Brasileira de Química.

Characterization and electrochemical behaviour of nanostructured calcium samarium manganite electrodes fabricated by RF-Magnetron Sputtering

Barrocas, B.; Sério, S.; Rovisco, A.; Nunes, Y.; Sá, A. I. Correia de; Pereira, M. I. da Silva; Jorge, M. E. Melo
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.1%
Ca1-xSmxMnO3(0 . x . 0.4) films were successfully fabricated on Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) coated quartzglass substrates by radio frequency magnetron sputtering technique (RF- magnetron sputtering) fromcompacted nanosized powder targets, and subsequent annealing at 800.C in air, for 6 h. X-ray diffrac-tion shows a pure typical perovskite phase for x . 0.1. Scanning electron microscopy and atomic forcemicroscopy revealed that the films surface is dense, with low roughness, depending on the Sm content, even though a few cracks were observed. Crystallite size was found to decrease with the Sm content. Theelectrodes were characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The oxide electrode fs capacitance was estimated using both techniques and the corresponding roughness factors evaluated. The values obtained from the two methods show a good agreement. A com-parison between the voltammetric data and those referred in the literature allowed finding out that theredox reaction occurring at the electrode surface involves the pair Mn4+/Mn3+. EIS measurements con-firm the voltammetric data and they also give additional information about the film porosity and the charge transfer resistance. This last parameter is associated with the oxidation and reduction of the pairMn3+/Mn4+and after normalized by the roughness factor shows an increase with samarium content.

Electrochemical impedance and current fluctuations analysis during slow strain rate test of a UNS S30400 stainless steel in low pH media

Bastos,Ivan N.; Nogueira,Ricardo P.; Ponciano,José A. C.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.26%
This paper is aimed at investigating the electrochemical behavior of austenitic stainless steel UNS S30400 under stress corrosion cracking conditions in acidic solutions at room temperature. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and electrochemical current noise measurements were performed at different stress levels during slow strain rate tests at pH 0.00 and 1.00 in order to evaluate the influence of mechanical deformation on the evolution of the electrochemical responses of the interface. Results have shown that, differently to what happens at pH 1.00, the corrosive attack at pH 0.00 is characterized by intensive cracking concomitantly to the progressive spreading out of uniform corrosion on the metallic surface. The coupling of both electrochemical impedance and current noise techniques provided complementary information about the interplay between dissolution and cracking of the stainless steel exposed to electrolytes of different aggressiveness.

Influence of ethanol, acidity and chloride concentration on the corrosion resistance of AISI 316L stainless steel

Ferreira,Elivelton A.; Della Noce,Rodrigo; Fugivara,Cecílio S.; Benedetti,Assis V.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.06%
The influence of ethanol, sulfuric acid and chloride on the corrosion resistance of 316L stainless steel was investigated by means of polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements. Over the studied range, the steel corrosion potential was independent of H2SO4 and NaCl concentrations in aqueous solution. On the other hand, in solution containing 65 wt.% ethanol and 35 wt.% water, the corrosion potentials were higher than those obtained in aqueous solution. Besides, the steel corrosion potential was affected by the addition of H2SO4 and NaCl in solution. In solutions with and without ethanol, plus 0.35 wt.% NaCl, the presence of 1 wt.% H2SO4 inhibited the appearance of pitting corrosion.

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy to Assess Vascular Oxidative Stress

Yu, Fei; Li, Rongsong; Ai, Lisong; Edington, Collin; Yu, Hongyu; Barr, Mark; Kim, E. S.; Hsiai, Tzung K.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
Vascular inflammatory responses are intimately linked with oxidative stress, favoring the development of pre-atherosclerotic lesions. We proposed that oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and foam cell infiltrates in the subendothelial layer engendered distinct electrochemical properties that could be measured in terms of the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Concentric bipolar microelectrodes were applied to interrogate EIS of aortas isolated from fat-fed New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits and explants of human aortas. Frequency-dependent EIS measurements were assessed between 10 kHz and 100 kHz, and were significantly elevated in the pre-atherosclerotic lesions in which oxLDL and macrophage infiltrates were prevalent (At 100 kHz: aortic arch lesion = 26.7 ± 2.7 kΩ vs. control = 15.8 ± 2.4 kΩ; at 10 kHz: lesions = 49.2 ± 7.3 kΩ vs. control = 27.6 ± 2.7 kΩ, n = 10, p<0.001). Similarly, EIS measurements were significantly elevated in the human descending aorta where pre-atherosclerotic lesions or fatty streaks were prominent. EIS measurements remained unchanged in spite of various depths of electrode submersion or orientation of the specimens. Hence, the concentric bipolar microelectrodes provided a reliable means to measure endoluminal electrochemical modifications in regions of pro-inflammatory with high spatial resolution and reproducibility albeit uneven lesion topography and non-uniform current distribution.

Degradation characteristics of hydroxyapatite coatings on orthopedic TiAlV in simulated physiological media investigated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy

Souto, R. M.; Laz, Maria M.; Reis, R. L.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2003 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
106.31%
This paper concentrates on the degradation characteristics of hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings on orthopaedic Ti-6Al-4V alloy while immersed in Ringer's salt solution, which were investigated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements were used to in situ characterize the electrochemical behavior of the passivated alloy covered with HA during aging in Ringer's solution. Comparison of the electrochemical data for the coated material with that for the uncoated metal substrate was also performed. The characteristic feature that describes the electrochemical behavior of the coated material is the coexistence of large areas of the coating itself with pores where the substrate is exposed to the aggressive media. The interpretation of results was thus performed in terms of a two-layer model of the film, in which the precipitation of hydrated oxide or phosphate compounds seals the pores left by the ceramic coating. The blocking effect due to salt precipitation inside the pores produces an enhancement of the resistance values, thus effectively diminishing the metal ion release in the system.; Collaborative Research Programme (Acción Integrada No. HP1995-0092 and HP1996-0109) between Spain and Portugal.

BARRIER PROPERTY DETERMINATION AND LIFETIME PREDICTION BY ELECTROCHEMICAL IMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY OF A HIGH PERFORMANCE ORGANIC COATING

CALDERÓN-GUTIERREZ,JORGE ANDRÉS; BEDOYA-LORA,FRANKY ESTEBAN
Fonte: DYNA Publicador: DYNA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.19%
The anticorrosion performance of an Epoxy-Mastic organic coating was evaluated during continuous immersion in saline solution using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The typical parameters of pore resistance and charge transfer resistance were determined employing an equivalent electric circuit. Constant phase elements (CPE) were used in order to determine fraction of water absorbed, mass diffusion, solubility and the swelling coefficients, as well as to predict the failure times of the coating. The results found by EIS measurements match very well with the high resistance to deterioration exhibited by the coating. It was also found that the excellent protection performance of the coating was mainly due to low water solubility and low permeability.