This paper is aimed at investigating the electrochemical behavior of austenitic stainless steel UNS S30400 under stress corrosion cracking conditions in acidic solutions at room temperature. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and electrochemical current noise measurements were performed at different stress levels during slow strain rate tests at pH 0.00 and 1.00 in order to evaluate the influence of mechanical deformation on the evolution of the electrochemical responses of the interface. Results have shown that, differently to what happens at pH 1.00, the corrosive attack at pH 0.00 is characterized by intensive cracking concomitantly to the progressive spreading out of uniform corrosion on the metallic surface. The coupling of both electrochemical impedance and current noise techniques provided complementary information about the interplay between dissolution and cracking of the stainless steel exposed to electrolytes of different aggressiveness.
The influence of ethanol, sulfuric acid and chloride on the corrosion resistance of 316L stainless steel was investigated by means of polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements. Over the studied range, the steel corrosion potential was independent of H2SO4 and NaCl concentrations in aqueous solution. On the other hand, in solution containing 65 wt.% ethanol and 35 wt.% water, the corrosion potentials were higher than those obtained in aqueous solution. Besides, the steel corrosion potential was affected by the addition of H2SO4 and NaCl in solution. In solutions with and without ethanol, plus 0.35 wt.% NaCl, the presence of 1 wt.% H2SO4 inhibited the appearance of pitting corrosion.