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Estudo dos fatores associados à capacidade para o trabalho em trabalhadores do Setor Elétrico; Study of the factors associated with work ability in electric sector workers

Martinez, Maria Carmen
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/10/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
Introdução – A capacidade para o trabalho é influenciada por vários fatores, incluindo a condição de saúde, características sócio-demográficas, estilo de vida e fatores relacionados ao trabalho. Objetivo – Analisar os fatores associados à capacidade para o trabalho em uma população de eletricitários. Métodos – Estudo transversal onde foram analisados 475 trabalhadores, voluntários, de uma empresa privada no setor eletricitário do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Os dados foram coletados por meio de questionários auto-preenchidos (Índice de Capacidade para o Trabalho - ICT, Escala Estresse no Trabalho - EET, Medical Outcomes Study 36 – Item short form health survey – SF-36, Questionário de Baecke, Questionário de tolerância de Fagerström e Questionário AUDIT). A relação entre as variáveis foi analisada por meio do coeficiente de correlação de Spearman, e para comparação das médias foram utilizados os testes Mann-Whitney e Kruskal-Wallis. A análise conjunta das variáveis foi feita por meio de regressão linear múltipla. Resultados – Foi identificada uma diminuição progressiva do valor do ICT significativamente associada aos aumentos da idade (r=-0,16, p<0,001), do índice de massa corporal (r=-0...

A organização temporal do trabalho e exposição à luz e suas repercussões no ciclo vigília-sono e secreção de melatonina de trabalhadores de uma reserva extrativista amazônica; Temporal organization of work and exposure to light and its impact on the wake-sleep cycle and melatonin secretion of workers on an Amazonian extractivist reserve.

Vasconcelos, Suleima Pedroza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/06/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.47%
Objetivo Investigar a associação dos horários de trabalho e padrões de exposição à luz com ciclo vigília-sono e secreção de melatonina em trabalhadores da Reserva Extrativista Chico Mendes. Método Estudo transversal realizado no município de Xapuri, Acre, com 340 seringueiros e 148 trabalhadores uma fábrica de preservativos (46 trabalhadores administrativos e 102 operários). Na primeira etapa do estudo foram coletados, por meio de questionários, dados sociodemográficos, hábitos de vida, condições de trabalho, padrões de sono, preferência diurna, perfil cronobiológico (cronotipo), morbidades referidas e relato de dores musculoesqueléticas. Na segunda etapa do estudo, observando critérios de exclusão, foram selecionados 62 trabalhadores (42 seringueiros e 20 operários). Nesta etapa, seringueiros e operários foram acompanhados por 21 dias e 10 dias, respectivamente, nos quais foram coletados dados referentes ao padrão de atividade/repouso (actimetria), exposição à luz e melatonina salivar. Resultados Os resultados da primeira etapa mostraram que os dias de trabalho e folga dos seringueiros são diferentes em relação aos horários de início, fim e duração de sono (p<0,01). Similarmente aos seringueiros...

Justiça do capital: violência estrutural nas relações de trabalho dos eletricitários em Minas Gerais

Tardeli, Everson de Alcântara
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 135 f. : grafs.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.44%
Pós-graduação em Serviço Social - FCHS; This work aims to analyze how structural violence of capital manifests itself through the companies and the Labor Court. Therefore, it consists in analyzing the performance of a particular Regional Labor Court in some specific cases of strikes and collective bargaining, allowing understand its bias in the reconciliation and judgment in favor of the employer class. So, it looks specifically at the role of Regional Labor Court of 3rd Region (TRT/MG) in cases of collective bargaining and electricity segment strikes in Minas Gerais ( Cemig) and the main trade union representatives of the employees of this company, i.e. Electricity Workers „Union of South Minas Gerais (SINDSUL/MG) and Electricity Workers‟ Union of Minas Gerais (SINDIELETRO/MG), also including some other companies, unions and courts, that contributes to a necessary contextualization. It empirically identifies major points of conflict, negotiation strategies and correlation of forces between these social actors. It displays the concreteness of the three social actors objects of research, making a historical approach about the rule of capital and labor relations, allowing that, at least, we understand the materiality of its existence by the development of societies...

Os trabalhadores da Light São Paulo, 1900-1935; The workers of Ligh São Paulo, 1900-1935

João Marcelo Pereira dos Santos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/12/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.25%
Esta pesquisa de doutorado foca a ação coletiva dos trabalhadores da unidade da Light em São Paulo nas três primeiras décadas do século XX. Reconstituímos a trajetória da empresa e suas estratégias de expansão no eixo São Paulo - Rio de Janeiro com a perspectiva de estabelecer as conexões existentes entre a indústria de energia elétrica e os processos de urbanização e industrialização. Fomos explícitos em apontar o entrelaçamento entre os interesses dos acionistas e administradores da Light e o poder político que hegemonizou a estrutura de estado em São Paulo durante a Velha República. Investigamos a estrutura organizacional da empresa e traçamos um perfil de sua força de trabalho. Isso foi fundamental para dimensionarmos com maior precisão os constrangimentos impostos à organização dos trabalhadores e à construção de identidades coletivas. Através da análise dos acidentes de trânsito, descobrimos como se formou uma opinião pública contrária aos motorneiros e condutores. Geralmente apontados como causadores imediatos dos acidentes, os operários dos bondes desenvolveram mecanismos de autodefesa que dificultaram o estabelecimento de alianças com os usuários em momentos de protesto contra a empresa. A análise dos acidentes também contribuiu para acrescentarmos alguns detalhes sobre a condição de trabalho desses operários e sobre aspectos relacionados à mobilidade nas ruas paulistanas nas primeiras décadas do século XX. Na segunda parte da pesquisa...

Occupational exposure to magnetic fields in relation to mortality from brain cancer among electricity generation and transmission workers.

Harrington, J M; McBride, D I; Sorahan, T; Paddle, G M; van Tongeren, M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.29%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the risks of mortality from brain cancer are related to occupational exposure to magnetic fields. METHODS: A total of 112 cases of primary brain cancer (1972-91) were identified from a cohort of 84,018 male and female employees of the (then) Central Electricity Generating Board and its privatised successor companies. Individual cumulative occupational exposures to magnetic fields were estimated by linking available computerised job history data with magnetic field measurements collected over 675 person-workshifts. Estimated exposure histories of the case workers were compared with those of 654 control workers drawn from the cohort (nested case-control study), by means of conditional logistic regression. RESULTS: For exposure assessments based on arithmetic means, the risk of mortality from brain cancer for subjects with an estimated cumulative exposure to magnetic fields of 5.4-13.4 microT.y v subjects with lower exposures (0.0-5.3 microT.y) was 1.04 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.60 to 1.80). The corresponding relative risk in subjects with higher exposures (> or = 13.5 microT.y) was 0.95 (95% CI 0.54 to 1.69). There was no indication of a positive trend for cumulative exposure and risk of mortality from brain cancer either when the analysis used exposure assessments based on geometric means or when the analysis was restricted to exposures received within five years of the case diagnosis (or corresponding period for controls). CONCLUSIONS: Although the exposure categorisation was based solely on recent observations...

Occupational exposure to magnetic fields relative to mortality from brain tumours: updated and revised findings from a study of United Kingdom electricity generation and transmission workers, 1973-97

Sorahan, T; Nichols, L; van Tongeren, M; Harrington, J
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.44%
OBJECTIVE—To investigate whether risk of brain tumour is related to occupational exposure to magnetic fields.
METHODS—The mortality experienced by a cohort of 83 997 employees of the former Central Electricity Generating Board of England and Wales was investigated for the period 1973-97. All workers were employed for at least 6 months with some employment in the period 1973-82. Computerised work histories were available for 79 972 study subjects for the period 1971-93. Detailed calculations had been performed by others to enable a novel assessment to be made of exposures to magnetic fields. Two analytical approaches were used, indirect standardisation (n=83 997) and Poisson regression (n=79 972).
RESULTS—Based on serial mortalities for England and Wales, deaths from brain cancer were close to expectation (observed 158, expected 146.4). No significant positive trends were shown for risks of brain tumours either with lifetime cumulative exposure to magnetic fields or with such exposures received in the most recent 5 years.
CONCLUSIONS—There are no discernible excess risks of brain tumours as a consequence of occupational exposure to magnetic fields in United Kingdom electricity generation and transmission workers.


Keywords: magnetic fields; brain tumours; electricity generation and transmission; cohort mortality study

Leukaemia mortality in relation to magnetic field exposure: findings from a study of United Kingdom electricity generation and transmission workers, 1973-97

Harrington, J; Nichols, L; Sorahan, T; van Tongeren, M
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.36%
OBJECTIVE—To investigate whether risks of leukaemia are related to occupational exposure to magnetic fields.
METHODS—The mortality experienced by a cohort of 83 997 employees of the former Central Electricity Generating Board of England and Wales was investigated for the period 1973-97. All employees were employed for at least 6 months with some employment in the period 1973-82. Computerised work histories were available for 79 972 study subjects for the period 1971-93. Detailed calculations were performed by others to enable a novel assessment to be made of exposures to magnetic fields. Two analytical approaches were used, indirect standardisation (n=83 997) and Poisson regression (n=79 972).
RESULTS—Based on serial mortalities for England and Wales, the standardised mortality ratio of 84 for all leukaemias (observed 111, expected 132.3) was similar to that of 83 for all causes (observed 14 845, expected 17 918). No significant positive trends were found for the risks of various types of leukaemia (chronic lymphatic leukaemia, acute myeloid leukaemia, chronic myeloid leukaemia, all leukaemia) either with lifetime cumulative exposure to magnetic fields or with such exposures received in the most recent 5 years.
CONCLUSIONS—There are no discernible excess risks of leukaemia as a consequence of occupational exposure to magnetic fields in United Kingdom electricity generation and transmission workers.


Keywords: magnetic fields; leukaemia; electricity generation and transmission; cohort mortality study

The Costs of Corruption for the Poor—The Energy Sector

Lovei, Laszlo; McKechnie, Alastair
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.37%
In recent years the fight against corruption has assumed a key place in development policy, as a way of strengthening economic growth and helping civil society and democracy to function. Corruption not only stifles growth. It also perpetuates or deepens inequality, as the few amass power and wealth at the expense of the many. The energy sector lends itself to corrupt practices. This is a result both of its traditional institutional arrangements-dominated by state monopolies controlling oil, gas, or electricity-and of the sheer amount of cash it can generate. Corruption in energy takes many forms, from petty corruption in meter reading and billing to grand corruption in the allocation of lucrative monopolies. These practices differ in scale but contribute to the same results-weak operational and financial performance and, for the poor in particular, declining service quality or reduced chances of ever accessing network services. The answer to corruption is continuing reform, to reduce the incentive and potential to capture monopoly rents and to increase the transparency of public and private transactions...

Climate Change Policies and Employment in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Oral, Isil; Santos, Indhira; Zhang, Fan
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.66%
This paper analyzes the differential impact of climate change policies on employment in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. In particular, the paper examines (i) how vulnerable labor markets are in Eastern European and Central Asian countries to future carbon regulation, and (ii) what countries can do to mitigate some of the potential negative effects of these regulatory changes on employment. In many aspects, the nature of the shock associated with climate regulation is similar to that associated with an increase in energy prices. Constraints on carbon emissions put a price on climate-damaging activities and make hydrocarbon-based energy production and consumption more expensive. As a result, firms in energy-intensive industries may react to higher energy prices by reducing production, which in turn would lead to lower employment. In the presence of frictions in labor markets, these sector shifts will cause resources to be unemployed, at least in the short term. Using principal component analysis, the paper finds that Eastern European and Central Asian countries vary greatly in their vulnerability and adaptability of employment to carbon regulation. Since the economy takes time to adjust...

Understanding the Sources of Spatial Disparity and Convergence : Evidence from Bangladesh

Shilpi, Forhad
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.49%
This paper utilizes the mixed effects model to measure and decompose spatial disparity in per capita expenditure in Bangladesh between 2000 and 2010. It finds a significant decline in spatial disparity in urban areas and the country as a whole but no substantial change in rural areas. The decomposition analysis indicates that average years of education, the percentage of households with electricity connections, and phone ownership account for most of the spatial variations in welfare. Spatial convergence in urban areas can be explained primarily by the expansion of electricity and phone networks for household use. Improved access to these services had little effect on spatial disparity in rural areas. This paper offers several explanations for the difference in convergence rates between urban and rural areas.

Meeting the Energy Needs of the Urban Poor : Lessons from Electrification Practitioners

Rojas, Juan Manuel; Lallement, Dominique
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.37%
The present report was prepared on the basis of the findings of an international workshop held from September 12-14, 2005, in Salvador da Bahia, and was attended by delegations of three to five practitioners from 12 cities in Latin America, Africa and Asia. It had two main objectives: (a) to share experiences on innovative solutions to provide electricity services in poor peri-urban and urban areas; and (b) to develop a body of knowledge to be disseminated and used by a wide array of practitioners involved in the provision of energy services in those areas. One of the most important conclusions of the Bahia workshop was that excluding part of the population from access to energy on account of their poverty, marginalization and the informality of the settlements has enormous long-term social, economic and financial costs. The root cause of the contemporary difficulty in providing electricity and other infrastructure services through public or private utilities is decades of such social exclusion, poverty and marginalization which have led to total distrust between formal structures and consumers...

"Green Stimulus," Economic Recovery, and Long-Term Sustainable Development

Strand, Jon; Toman, Michael
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.34%
This paper discusses short-run and long-run effects of "green stimulus" efforts, and compares these effects with "non-green" fiscal stimuli. Green stimulus is defined here as short-run fiscal stimuli that also serve a "green" or environmental purpose in a situation of "crisis" characterized by temporary under-employment. A number of recently enacted national stimulus packages contain sizeable "green" components. The authors categorize effects according to their a) short-run employment effects, b) long-run growth effects, c) effects on carbon emissions, and d) "co-benefit" effects (on the environment, natural resources, and for other externalities). The most beneficial "green" programs in times of crisis are those that can stimulate employment in the short run, and lead to large "learning curve" effects via lower production costs in the longer term. The overall assessment is that most "green stimulus" programs that have large short-run employment and environmental effects are likely to have less significant positive effects for long-run growth...

Household Energy for Cooking

Ekouevi, Koffi
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.22%
Reliance on solid fuels for cooking is an indicator of energy poverty. Access to modern energy services - including electricity and clean fuels - is important for achieving the Millennium Development Goals. It can also reduce womens domestic burden of collecting fuelwood and allow them to pursue educational, economic, and other employment opportunities that can empower them and lead to increased gender equality. Similarly, the use of clean cooking and heating fuels in efficient appliances can reduce child mortality rates. Without access to modern energy services, the likelihood of escaping poverty is very low. Interventions to improve energy access to the poor have focused mainly on electricity access and have often neglected nonelectricity household energy access. Household energy for cooking in particular has received little policy attention in the overall energy sector dialogue, and consequently its lending volume remains low, in spite of the magnitude of the development challenges it represents. The objective of this note is to assist task teams with broad project design principles related to household energy for cooking. It follows five main reports produced by the World Bank Group over the last three years: (1) Household Cookstoves...

Decomposing the Labor Market Earnings Inequality: The Public and Private Sectors in Vietnam, 1993-2006

Imbert, Clément
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.26%
In contrast with the typical transition to a market economy, earnings inequality in Vietnam between 1993 and 2006 appears to have decreased, and the earnings gap in favor of public employees appears to have widened. The paper uses a comparative advantage model to disentangle the effect of sorting workers across sectors from the effect of the differences in returns to workers' skills. The selection of the best workers into the public sector is clearly an important component of the explanation for the public-private sector earnings gap, but the widening of this gap over time is primarily due to changes in the compensation patterns. The paper finds that, in the 1990s, public employees were underpaid compared with their earning potential in the private sector whereas, in the early 2000s, public employees earned similar returns to their comparative advantage in the public and private sectors. The increasing homogeneity in returns to skills in the Vietnamese labor market appears to explain both the increase in the public-private pay gap and the decrease in overall inequality.

Governance in State-Owned Enterprises Revisited : The Cases of Water and Electricity in Latin America and the Caribbean

Andrés, Luis Alberto; Guasch, José Luis; López Azumendi, Sebastián
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
This paper studies the governance structure of state-owned enterprises in the water and electricity sectors of Latin America and the Caribbean. Through a unique dataset, the paper compares 44 leading state companies of the region based on an aggregate measure of corporate governance and six salient aspects of their design: board, chief executive officer, performance orientation, management, legal framework, and transparency/disclosure. The results indicate the need for improvement in areas such as the selection and appointment of directors to the board and the performance-orientation of the enterprises. The paper also highlights the importance of discussing the management of state-owned enterprises in the wider context of public sector governance, with particular focus on accountability. Moreover, it recognizes the role of accountability as central in the management of state-owned enterprises, recommending a better understanding of regulation and performance management. The paper finds a positive correlation between corporate governance and the utilities' performance. Among the different aspects of corporate governance...

Labor Markets and Income Generation in Rural Argentina

Verner, Dorte
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.28%
This paper addresses three areas of the rural labor market-employment, labor wages, and agriculture producer incomes. Findings show that the poor allocate a lower share of their labor to farm sectors than the nonpoor do, but still around 70 percent work in agriculture, and the vast majority of rural workers are engaged in the informal sector. When examining nonfarm employment in rural Argentina, findings suggest that key determinants of access to employment and productivity in nonfarm activities are education, skills, land access, location, and gender. Employment analyses show that women have higher probability than men to participate in rural nonfarm activities and they are not confined to low-return employment. Moreover, workers living in poorer regions with land access are less likely to be employed in the nonfarm sector. There is strong evidence that educated people have better prospects in both the farm and nonfarm sectors, and that education is an important determinant of employment in the better-paid nonfarm activities. Labor wage analyses reveal that labor markets pay lower returns to poorer than to richer women and returns to education are increasing with increased level of completed education and income level. And nonfarm income and employment are highly correlated with gender...

The Impact of Privatization on the Performance of the Infrastructure Sector : The Case of Electricity Distribution in Latin American Countries

Andres, Luis; Foster, Vivien; Guasch, José Luis
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
The authors analyze the impact of privatization on the performance of 116 electric utilities in 10 Latin American countries. The analysis makes a number of contributions to the literature on changes in infrastructure ownership. First, this is the first systemic analysis of the impact of privatization on the distribution of the electricity sector. Second, it constructs an unbalanced panel data set of key indicators for each country. Third, it includes a broader-than in past studies-range of indicators, such as output, employment, productivity, efficiency, quality, coverage, and prices, offering a fuller picture of the effects of privatization on consumers. Fourth, this research covers a longer period of time, and evaluates three stages-before, transition, and after-allowing for the identification of the short- and long-run effects of privatization, as opposed to previous analyses' short time series data that do not identify long-run outcomes. Finally, the counterfactual is considered through the analysis in trends. The authors apply two different methodologies. The first methodology uses means and medians from each period and tests the significance of the changes between periods. The second methodology consists of an econometric model that captures firm fixed effects...

Saúde e capacidade para o trabalho de eletricitários do Estado de São Paulo; Health and work ability of workers of the electricity sector in São Paulo

MARTINEZ, Maria Carmen; LATORRE, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
Apesar dos elevados riscos à saúde e capacidade para o trabalho dos eletricitários, há carência de estudos sobre o tema no Brasil. O objetivo desse estudo é identificar o perfil de saúde e capacidade para o trabalho de eletricitários de São Paulo. Foi feito um estudo transversal junto a 475 trabalhadores de uma empresa do setor eletricitário. A coleta de dados foi por meio de questionários sobre capacidade para o trabalho, estado de saúde, estresse no trabalho, atividade física, dependência ao tabaco e ao álcool. A consistência interna das escalas foi avaliada usando o coeficiente alfa de Cronbach. Foi feita análise descritiva por meio das médias, desvios-padrão, valores mínimos e máximos dos escores e proporções para as variáveis qualitativas. O estado de saúde dos trabalhadores apresentou pontuação elevada nas dimensões analisadas, com médias entre 72,8 a 91,2 (escore de 0,0 a 100,0 pontos). A capacidade para o trabalho teve pontuação elevada, com média de 41,8 (escore de 7,0 a 49,0 pontos). Concluiu-se que os trabalhadores da população de estudo apresentaram elevados padrões do estado de saúde e da capacidade para o trabalho. Sugere-se o desenvolvimento de estudos longitudinais para avaliar relações causais e a existência de efeito do trabalhador sadio.; The high risks for the health and work ability of the workers of the electricity sector notwithstanding...

A terceirização em alta voltagem na Cemig : crônica da degradação do trabalho; Outsourcing in high voltage in Cemig : chronicle degradation of work

Igor Silva Figueiredo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/07/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.03%
Esta dissertação é um estudo sobre o processo de terceirização da força de trabalho ocorrido na Companhia Energética de Minas Gerais (Cemig) - empresa mista de capital aberto - controlada pelo governo do Estado de Minas Gerais. Nosso estudo se centrou na terceirização das atividades que são essenciais ao funcionamento da empresa, as chamadas atividades-fim, que antes eram executadas por funcionários do quadro próprio. A análise está focalizada historicamente, sobretudo, no período compreendido a partir dos anos de 1990, que é quando - de forma massiva - se inicia o processo de terceirização na empresa. Temos como marco da nossa investigação o ano de 1995. O intuito desta pesquisa foi o de analisar as mudanças ocorridas no interior do processo de trabalho (e também suas repercussões na vida dos trabalhadores, em suas dimensões mais diversas) desta empresa que, de forma progressiva, foi substituindo a forma de contratação de trabalhadores - os chamados eletricitários , - que, até o ano de 2005, eram majoritariamente do quadro próprio da empresa, mas que agora são, na sua grande maioria, contratados de maneira terceirizada. A partir deste estudo de caso, respeitando sempre os limites e particularidades de uma única empresa analisada...

Management development and succession in the electricity industry 1948-1998: Executive men and non-executive women.

Nisbet, Margaret
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.26%
This thesis investigates the development and succession of British Electricity Industry executives (top managers) during the half-century from 1948, and examines the reasons why few female employees became senior managers, and none became board members. In response to the continuing need for professional engineers, the industry operated a policy of internal promotion in parallel with systematic procedures for recruiting, training, developing and promoting employees and managers. The shortage of technical trainees resulted in the recruitment of apprentices with qualifications below the required standard; together with talented manual workers who were also perceived as potential engineers. Training facilities and career development opportunities were biased in favour of technical employees whose occupations were horizontally and vertically segregated. The term 'manager' was strictly limited to an elite of 1 in 100 employees, distinguished from the 1000s of supervisors (1 in 14 employees). The career trajectory to management was multifaceted until a standard was introduced in 1968. The federal nature of the industry resulted in inequalities with particular biases in training and selection to attend business schools. Managers who attended the Administrative Staff College at Henley were more successful in achieving promotion...