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Agenda-setting e a eleição presidencial de 2002 no Brasil; Agenda-setting and the Brazilian presidential election in 2002

Silva, Paulo Sérgio da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/12/2005 PT
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Enquanto os estudos internacionais têm demonstrado uma grande preocupação em pesquisar a capacidade dos candidatos de influenciar a formação da agenda dos meios de comunicação de massa em épocas eleitorais, no Brasil a agenda das candidaturas não foi incorporada aos trabalhos acadêmicos de mídia e eleições. Neste estudo tive como objetivo avaliar a importância da agenda da propaganda dos candidatos para a formação da agenda da cobertura dos telejornais na eleição presidencial de 2002, bem como a relevância do programa de governo do PT para a elaboração da agenda da propaganda de seu candidato, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, nessa mesma eleição. Os dados mostraram que as candidaturas Lula e Serra conseguiram transferir para suas coberturas eleitorais do Jornal Nacional e Jornal da Record a ênfase dos assuntos discutidos em suas propagandas de televisão. Demonstraram também que o PT obteve êxito em transmitir para a propaganda de televisão da candidatura Lula a saliência da pauta discutida em sua plataforma. Com base nesses resultados, conclui que os candidatos influenciaram a agenda dos telejornais e que o PT, em particular, também cumpriu a função de agenda-setting, agendando os assuntos da propaganda da candidatura Lula na televisão.; While the international studies have shown a great concern with the study of the candidate's capacity to influence the formation of the mass media agenda during the electoral campaign period...

Brazil´s election: as polarized as can be

Financial Times
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
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What you see above is a graphic representation of something anyone who followed the campaign that led to the re-election of Dilma Rousseff as Brazil’s president on October 26 already knows: the election was the most polarised in the country’s history. Brasil was split down the middle, not only numerically (Dilma got 52 per cent, Aécio Neves 48) and geographically (Dilma won in the less developed north, Aécio in the more prosperous south). The twitterspere, too, was divided into two camps. Not only that; they hardly talked to each other at all.

What is left when election observers go? The case of European Union and Ethiopia

Dufief, Elise
Fonte: Centro de Estudos Internacionais do Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL) Publicador: Centro de Estudos Internacionais do Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL)
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Publicado em 05/06/2014 ENG
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This paper offers an analysis of the interaction between international and national politics, through one main instrument: election observation mission. By focusing on what happens once observers leave, the study of the relationship between the European Union and Ethiopia shows how such an instrument is being used to reverse power relations.

O Twitter nas campanhas eleitorais: novos desafios para os atores políticos em Goiás; Twitter. Election campaigns. Strategies of political communication in Goiás

Fernandes, Luiz Carlos do Carmo
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em História (FH); Faculdade de Ciências Sociais - FCS (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em História (FH); Faculdade de Ciências Sociais - FCS (RG)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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This thesis aims to understand the changes occurring in the political and electoral communication from the adoption of Law No. 12.034/2009 - which regulates in detail the use of the Internet as a political communication tool in Brazilian electoral process , through a regional crop . Ie , understand how political actors of Goiás are facing the challenges , primarily through the use of on-line social networks in the election campaigns – the object of study is Twitter , whose use was analyzed in the election campaigns of 2010 and 2012. Therefore , traditional techniques of sociology and new possibilities brought by the analysis of on-line social networks were used , gathering ethnographic research on-line , qualitative on-line interviews , content analysis of tweets and search with the use of internet tools . The final results of this study suggest that the use of on-line social networks in political campaigns expanded the agenda and ways to communicate with society and started require political actors , a presence on social networks on-line increasingly attentive and lasting .The topics covered during the election period were extended , while still prevailing own campaign and public policy proposals . In relation to the speech was possible to observe a major change : information / news...

Politics, Religion, and the Churches: the 2002 Election in Papua New Guinea

Gibbs, Philip
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 181853 bytes; 358 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
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Introduction: ......This paper discusses the present-day political significance of Christianity and the churches in Papua New Guinea against the background of political unrest and confusion in which the 2002 election was conducted.; no

Wahlwerbung - Ihr Anspruch und ihre Wirklichkeit im Bundestagswahlkampf 2002; Political marketing of elections - claim and reality at the election campaign of the Bundestag in 2002

Kießling, Daniel
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: ResearchPaper
DE_DE
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Von politikwissenschaftlichen Studien über moderne Wahlkampagnen ausgehend, analysiert das Paper die konkreten Ziele, die Wahlwerbung für erfolgreiche Kampagnen erfüllen muss. Die bisher in der Literatur beschriebenen drei Ziele Information, Identifikation und Mobilisierung werden in präzisere Kategorien gefasst und unterteilen sich in die Ziele Betroffenheit, Bedeutung, Kompetenz/Exklusivität, Glaubwürdigkeit/Vertrauenswürdigkeit, Transparenz, Personalisierung, Mobilisierung, Wiederholbarkeit/Penetranz. Daran anknüpfend werden werbestrategische Mittel und Maßnahmen für die klassische Werbung dargestellt, die nach Ansicht der Werbepraxis und -forschung geeignet sind, um diese acht Ziele zu erfüllen. Dabei ist festzustellen, dass Politik durchaus mit Strategien der Wirtschaftswerbung beworben werden kann. Für Parteien, die mit ihrer Wahlwerbung Aufmerksamkeit erreichen wollen, ist es sinnvoll, die vorherrschenden Werte der Gesellschaft oder einer gesellschaftlichen Gruppe bei der Gestaltung der Werbung zu berücksichtigen und deren politisch-kulturelle Identität mit einzubeziehen. Die Wähler sollten sich bei Betrachtung der Wahlwerbung in Lebenswelt-Reproduktionen wieder erkennen können. Erst durch persönliche und emotionale Einbindung können sich Wähler mit den Politikangeboten einer Partei identifizieren. Dennoch darf nicht nur emotional an den Betrachter appelliert werden: Informationen und Inhalte stringent darzustellen...

Struggle for the Presidency: The 2000 presidential election - Why the winners were successful and the losers were not

Jenner, Steffen
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: ResearchPaper
EN
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In 2000, the incumbent party lost the presidential election for the first time, although the pre-election environment strongly favored the incumbent party. Bill Clinton’s Vice President Albert Gore and the son of the 41st US-President, George W. Bush, fought for the electorate for several months. Both, Bush and Gore, succeeded their party competitors John McCain and Bill Bradley, respectively. The longest and most expensive race in the history of US-elections ended up in a Supreme Court decision. The paper’s aim is to pass the election campaigns in review, to check the background, and to find answers to the question of why George W. Bush was elected 43rd President of the United States. The analysis deals with numerous aspects. Beginning with the primaries and caucuses, the paper continues with the rules of the game, the campaign strategies, the debates, and the media coverage. Among others, it tackles the “videostyles”, the Conventions and the selection of the running mates. Of the five pivotal elements two of them come out in favor of Gore. Six crucial advantages of Bush against Gore decide the race and answer the main question, which was stated before.; Im Jahr 2000 verlor zum ersten Mal der Kandidat der zuvor regierenden Partei...

„Schräg, schrill, dreckig“ Virales Marketing als Kommunikationsinstrument des modernen Wahlkampfs; Viral marketing as a communication tool in the context of election campaigns and political communication

Kießling, Daniel
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: ResearchPaper
DE_DE
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Das Paper stellt das vergleichsweise neue Kommunikationsinstrument des Viralen Marketings im Kontext des Wahlkampfs und der politischen Kommunikation vor. Unter dem Begriff des Viralen Marketings kann ein Konzept verstanden werden, bei dem Internetteilnehmer gezielt dazu gebracht werden sollen, die Kommunikationsbotschaft eines Absenders zu verbreiten. Dabei wird die Botschaft mit einem interessanten Inhalt versehen, der den Empfänger der Botschaft motiviert, diese ebenfalls weiterzu-reichen. Das Paper umfasst eine Darstellung der Funktion und Nutzungsformen des Internets im modernen Wahlkampf. Ausgehend von Veröffentlichungen der Viral-Marketing-Praxis, werden ferner Spezifika und „Weitervermittlungsanreize“ des Viralen Marketings vorgestellt. Mit entscheidend für die Informationsdiffusion im Viralen Marketing ist der Kommunikationsfluss in sozialen Netzwerken. Im Zuge einer Darstellung des Viralen Marketings im US- und bundesdeutschen Wahlkampf, werden drei exemplarisch ausgewählte virale Wahlspots von Bündnis 90/Die Grünen vorgestellt. Während sich Bündnis 90/Die Grünen durch einen konsistenten und sachgemäßen Einsatz von Viralem Marketing auszeichnen, kann allgemein festgehalten werden, dass deutsche Parteien viele Kommunikationsmaßnahmen unzutreffenderweise als „viral“ ausweisen und somit einer Verwässerung des Begriffs Vorschub leisten.; This paper introduces viral marketing as a communication tool in the context of election campaigns and political communication. Viral marketing can be understood as a concept that aims at providing internet users with messages that are relevant to their needs and therefore worth passing them on. Hence the paper provides information on the functions and ways of utilization of the internet in modern election campaigns. On the basis of practical findings on viral marketing...

Effects of Multiple Races and Header Highlighting on Undervotes in the 2006 Sarasota General Election: A Usability Study and Cognitive Modeling Assessment

Greene, Kristen K.
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
ENG
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Large-scale voting usability problems have changed the outcomes of several recent elections. The 2006 election in Sarasota County, Florida was one such incident, where the number of votes lost was nearly 50 times greater than the margin of victory for the US Representative race. Multiple hypotheses were proposed to explain this incident, with prevailing theories focused on malicious software, touchscreen miscalibration or poor ballot design, Study I aimed to empirically determine whether Sarasota voters unintentionally skipped the critical US Representative race due to poor ballot design. The Sarasota ballot was replicated initially, then header highlighting and number of races presented on the first screen were manipulated. While the presentation of multiple races had a significant effect on undervotes in the US Representative race, header highlighting did not. Nearly 20% of all voters (27 of 137) skipped the race their first time on that screen, an even greater undervote rate than that originally seen in Sarasota. In conjunction with other research, Study I results strongly suggests that the 2006 Sarasota election was almost certainly a human factors problem. A cognitive model of human voters was developed based on Study I data. Model predictions were then compared with behavioral data from Study 2...

Corruption Amongst Government Ministers in Papua New Guinea: Leadership Tribunals and their Impact on Re-election

Jones, Ainsley
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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This report explores ministerial corruption in Papua New Guinea (PNG) through a central research question: does corruption affect the re-election of politicians in Papua New Guinea? It does so by analysing corruption cases brought to the Leadership Tribunal, PNG’s primary legal institution, for the pursuit of breaches of the Leadership Code. As a means of controlling scope, this report focuses on ministerial cases brought to the Leadership Tribunal over a thirty-two year period. This enables analysis of continuity between judgements since independence. The choice of ministerial cases is practical in terms of the accessibility of information for high profile cases. The prominent position of ministers also allows for more reliable assessment of public opinion. Analysis of case studies revealed that the long-term career prospects of ministers were not substantively affected by involvement in tribunal cases. Ineffective penalties, frequent and successful appeals against tribunal decisions and a strong moral framework for viewing corruption linked the case studies. Moreover, this research found that both weak legal powers and public perceptions of corruption influenced the re-election of ministers involved in corruption cases. This is due to the mutually constitutive relationship between weak legal powers to address corruption and a pragmatic public acceptance of corruption as a necessary evil. The analysis presented in the report has limitations due to the resources available...

Looking back at Malaysia's GE2008: An internet election and its democratic aftermath

Chinnasamy, S.; Griffiths, O.
Fonte: The International Academic Forum Publicador: The International Academic Forum
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
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Prior to 2008, alternative news sources were already established and exerted influence on the political process. They broadened the variety of topics reported, increased informed participation in political culture and presented political alternatives. However, after Malaysia’s 12th general election in 2008, the Internet emerged as a major new player in the socio-political landscape. The impact of the Internet, in particular the influence of the Independent News Portal (INP), malaysiakini.com, was seen as being partly responsible for changes in Malaysia’s political landscape. Thereafter, the Internet’s role as ‘an agent of political change’ became the subject of much debate and controversy in Malaysia. The question of the Internet’s influence is especially relevant given that alternative media sources were predicted to exert an even greater impact on the 2013 general election (GE2013). This article explores the influence of alternative news sources and examines the concept of the ‘Internet election’ with reference to two international examples. It contextualises public debate about the issues and controversies of the 2008 election coverage, and its aftermath, through the perspective of local media practitioners and election observers. The findings are revealing of the distinctive impact of Malaysia’s independent online news sources. The article argues that the democratisation of information has the potential to encourage new forms of democratic participation and to have a significant impact on political culture.; http://iafor.org/iafor/journal-of-media-communication-film-volume-1-issue-1/; Sara Chinnasamy and Mary Griffiths

'Kataks', Kadazan-Dusan nationalism and development: the 1999 Sabah state election

Chin, Ung Ho
Fonte: The Department of Political and Social Change, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University Publicador: The Department of Political and Social Change, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper
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The 1999 Sabah election was held amidst great expectations among political observers and the public. It was the first election to be held since Malaysia plunged into a recession caused by the Asian currency crisis two years earlier. The ringgit was no longer convertible and Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad had sacked his deputy, Anwar Ibrahim, over differences in economic policy and Anwar's attempts to unseat the long serving prime minister. Anwar staged rallies throughout Peninsular Malaysia and was subsequently arrested and charged with corruption and sodomy. Anwar's expulsion from the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) had raised questions about Mahathir's hold on Malaysia's dominant party and about his grip on power. There were comparisons, although inappropriate, between the Mahathir regime and the Soeharto regime in Indonesia. There were widespread street demonstration in Kuala Lumpur callinf for the resignation of Mahathir over the Anwar affair. The Mahathir regime was arguably facing its most serious political crisis since coming into office in 1981. Afet several months a new deputy prime minister Abdullah Badawi, was appointed.

The great debate: how did the televised leaders' debate affect voters' opinions? A study of voter rationality, the Australian Federal Election in 2004

Kobayashi, Memiko
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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Televised leaders' debates have been recognised as an important part of the election campaign process since the first US televised presidential debate took place in 1960. Since then, they have played a significant role in the election process in different countries, because they give voters a chance to compare each candidate's attitude toward the same issues at the same time. On the evening of Sunday 12 September 2004, the fifth Australian televised debate between Prime Minister John Howard and opposition leader Mark Latham was broadcast on the Nine Network. It began with moderator's opening address 'it 's your choice, your decision on who will govern Australia- John Howard or Mark Latham? To help you make that decision, 60 Minutes brings the two leaders together for their only face-to-face encounter as they debate live and uninterrupted by commercials ... ' But did the Great Debate really help audience make the decision which leader they want to vote for? How did the debate affect people's opinions about national issues, the leaders' images and their policies? This research paper focuses on the impact of the 2004 Great Debate, by examining the data collected by ANU Internet Opinion Polls which were conducted in 2004 for a month before the general election. The study investigates four key dependent variables...

Encuestas preelectorales de las elecciones brasileñas de 2014: errores, aciertos y polémicas; Surveys pré-eleitorais nas eleições brasileiras de 2014: erros, acertos e polêmicas; Pre-election polls in the 2014 Brazilian elections: error, accuracy and controversy

G. Gramacho, Wladimir
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Universidade de Salamanca e Universia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Universidade de Salamanca e Universia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artículo revisado por pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/03/2015 SPA
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Este artículo se ocupa del análisis de encuestas preelectorales de las elecciones brasileñas de 2014, cuando estuvieron en juego los puestos de Presidente de la República y de los 27 Gobernadores de Estado. Si bien desde hace mucho no se cuestiona la fiabilidad de las votaciones en Brasil, existen crecientes quejas de diferentes actores políticos sobre la calidad y la posible influencia de las encuestas en los resultados electorales. El texto procura situar el debate tanto a nivel metodológico - al discutir diferentes alternativas para definir y mensurar los errores de las encuestas - como a nivel legislativo - al reunir informaciones sobre propuestas para limitar la acción de las empresas encuestadoras en períodos electorales.; Este artigo tem como objetivo a análise de surveys das eleições brasileiras de 2014, quando estiveram em jogo os cargos de presidente da República e dos 27 governadores de Estado. Mesmo que já não se questiona a fiabilidade das votações no Brasil, existem crescentes queixas de diferentes atores políticos sobre a qualidade e a possível influência das pesquisas nos resultados eleitorais. O texto procura situar o debate tanto ao nível metodológico, ao discutir diferentes alternativas para definir e mensurar os erros das pesquisas...

Solving hard problems in election systems

Lin, Andrew
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Dissertação
EN_US
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An interesting problem in the field of computational social choice theory is that of elections, in which a winner or set of winners is to be deduced from preferences among a collection of agents, in a way that attempts to maximize the collective well-being of the agents. Besides their obvious use in political science, elections are also used computationally, such as in multiagent systems, in which different agents may have different beliefs and preferences and must reach an agreeable decision. Because the purpose of voting is to gain an understanding of a collection of actual preferences, dishonesty in an election system is often harmful to the welfare of the voters as a whole. Different forms of dishonesty can be performed by the voters (manipulation), by an outside agent affecting the voters (bribery), or by the chair, or administrator, of an election (control). The Gibbard-Satterthwaite theorem shows that in all reasonable election systems, manipulation, or strategic voting, is always inevitable in some cases. Bartholdi, Tovey, and Trick counter by arguing that if finding such a manipulation is NP-hard, then manipulation by computationally-limited agents should not pose a significant threat. However, more recent work has exploited the fact that NP-hardness is only a worst-case measure of complexity...

Political snapshots: the undecided voter’s perceptions of internet based imagery during the 2004 presidential election campaign

Kunz, Joseph
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
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In the 2004 election, public perceptions of President George W. Bush and Democratic nominee John Kerry were shaped through a new medium: the Internet. A survey of 124 registered voters in Monroe County of New York State found a contingent of undecided voters to be significantly smaller than previously thought and that 4.5% of the sample reported being influenced by still imagery viewed on the Internet. Negative images had a greater influence on the respondents than positive images, although the source of the image played a significant role in determining whether an image was deemed positive or negative.

Calvin's election mix in small-scale theology

Loader,James A.
Fonte: HTS Theological Studies Publicador: HTS Theological Studies
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2009 EN
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This paper shows how Calvin's ideas about the Old Testament concept of Israel's election can be dangerous when they are applied uncritically. The main illustration material is drawn from a context the author was himself part of, notably the South African apartheid theology of Calvinist provenance. The paper begins with documenting Calvin's views on Israel and Israel's election in the Old Testament, moving to a consideration of how this motif was connected to the idea of predestination and construed to become an instrument to defend apartheid in what may be called a substandard theology. It is suggested that a glance at the English-speaking world shows surprising similarities that justify further consideration. In this title several dimensions are present that need to be explicated.

The fork in the road? British reactions to the election of an apartheid government in South Africa, May 1948

Waddy,Nicholas L.
Fonte: Historia Publicador: Historia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2010 EN
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This article examines in depth the reaction of the British government and the British press to the election of a National Party, apartheid government in South Africa in May 1948. The conventional view -that the 1948 election represented a "turning point" in South African history and Anglo-South African relations -is repudiated. On the contrary, it appears that the British, although they almost uniformly admired Field Marshal Smuts and distrusted Afrikaner Nationalists, felt that the results of the 1948 election were not indicative of a fundamental shift. The view was widespread in Britain and South Africa that Smuts and the United Party would soon be returned to power, and apartheid would prove to be impractical and politically embarrassing to the Nationalists. Only after Smuts's death in 1950, and after the further consolidation of National Party political control in South Africa, did the British begin to accept that the re-establishment of a mildly progressive, anglophile regime in South Africa was unlikely to occur.

From Makhaza to Rammulotsi: Reflections on South Africa's "toilet election" of 2011

Tempelhoff,Johann W.N.
Fonte: Historia Publicador: Historia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2012 EN
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In the run-up to South Africa's 2011 local election, the event was labelled the "toilet election" in the media. The message that struck a sensitive chord in the national newspapers was that some local authorities were not compliant in terms of water and sanitation service delivery. Service delivery, in itself, had been a crucial issue in municipal politics since the previous local election of 2006. Four years later, as local politicians prepared for the 2011 countrywide municipal election, the townships of Makhaza in Cape Town and the rural Rammulotsi near the Free State town of Viljoenskroon, were in the news. There was a pubic outcry because of the undignified manner in which local residents had to use the outdoor toilets that were not properly enclosed. From time to time news reports on the open toilets provided moments of comic relief in a tense election campaign that saw the two leading political parties of the country, the African National Congress and the Democratic Alliance, wooing the electorate. The outspoken public disdain over highly unsatisfactory sanitation services, underlined the need for politicians and the management of local authorities to pay serious attention to efficient governance at the municipal level in a democratic society. In the article dedicated attention is also given to the way in which the local election influenced water and sanitation service delivery planning in Moqhaka Local Municipality...

'Brazil needs to change': change as iteration and the iteration of change in Brazil’s 2002 presidential election

Panizza,Francisco
Fonte: Cuadernos del CLAEH Publicador: Cuadernos del CLAEH
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2006 EN
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Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva’s triumph in Brazil’s 2002 presidential election was construed in terms of a promise of radical change, and so against the holders of the status quo. This article argues that in fact a more subtle political game was a stake in the election, a contest over the meaning and limits of change itself. The article examines how the various players Lula da Silva, outgoing president Fernando Henrique Cardoso and the PSDB’s presidential candidate José Serra invoked and iterated a discourse of change to define and redefine the political dividing lines that marked out the electoral dispute and attempted to set or fix the distinctions between their political positions.