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Percepção e avaliação dos alunos do curso de medicina de uma escola médica pública sobre a importância do estágio em saúde da família na sua formação; Perception and evaluation of medical students of a public medical school regarding the importance of training in family health in their education

Campos, Maria Angelica de Figueiredo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/10/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
Introdução: Na Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo (FMRP-USP), o ensino no internato da Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) com enfoque em medicina de família iniciou-se em 1997. São promovidas a integração do aluno com a equipe de Programa de Saúde da Família (PSF) e a participação na rotina da equipe por meio dos grupos de educação em saúde, reuniões de equipe, visitas domiciliares, discussões de casos individuais e de família. O cuidado médico é realizado na consulta individual e no seguimento das famílias, sendo enfatizadas a prevenção e a promoção da saúde e a avaliação do paciente buscando a assistência integral. São poucos os estudos sobre a percepção dos alunos sobre a vivência nos estágios em saúde da família. Objetivos: Avaliar a percepção dos alunos do 5° ano de medicina do Curso de Medicina da FMRP-USP quanto à contribuição do estágio em Saúde da Família na formação em atenção primária. Metodologia: Os sujeitos do estudo foram alunos do 5º ano do Curso de Medicina da FMRP no ano de 2005, cuja idade médica foi 23 anos e dos quais 58,3% eram do sexo masculino. A esses alunos foi aplicado questionário estruturado antes e após o estágio. O questionário incluiu itens sobre dados pessoais...

O ensino da saúde coletiva na graduação médica: estudo de caso em três universidades do Paraná; Teaching public health in medical schools: a case study in three universities in Paraná

Campos, João José Batista de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
Historicamente, as diferentes concepções de Saúde Coletiva influenciaram tanto no ensino específico deste campo do saber como na formação geral do médico. Partindo deste pressuposto, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo estudar o ensino da Saúde Coletiva na graduação médica, buscando apreender suas configurações e as conseqüentes implicações nas propostas curriculares de três universidades do Paraná (Brasil): Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL), Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR) e Universidade Positivo (UnicenP). Constituíram-se também em eixos de investigação, além das concepções de Saúde Coletiva, a relação ensino-aprendizagem, as ênfases assumidas pelo programa e os vínculos com os serviços de saúde. A pesquisa qualitativa foi realizada com base na análise documental dos projetos pedagógicos (os cursos instituídos) considerando como eles são efetivamente vividos, de acordo com a ótica dos agentes envolvidos. Para tanto, foram feitas entrevistas com 11 gestores, 18 professores, e foram constituídos 4 grupos focais de estudantes, considerados atores-chave nos três cursos de Medicina. Os resultados evidenciaram a inserção de 5% a 20% da área de Saúde Coletiva nos currículos, dependendo das estratégias de ensino...

Subjetividade contemporânea na educação médica: a formação humanística em medicina; Contemporary subjectivity in the medical education: the humanistic training in medicine

Rios, Izabel Cristina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/07/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
A formação do médico durante a graduação é um longo processo de aquisição de competências referentes ao domínio técnico, ético e relacional da profissão, que reafirmam valores históricos, e ganham contornos atuais no discurso da humanização das práticas de saúde. As diretrizes curriculares para o curso médico preconizam desenvolver habilidades de comunicação, valores éticos, e atitudes de sensibilidade e compreensão com o sofrimento alheio, pois se sabe que, na medicina, relações sem o legítimo interesse e preocupação com o outro comprometem a qualidade da própria realização técnica do ato médico. Entretanto, os estudos evidenciam grandes dificuldades nesse aspecto da humanização das práticas. Uma das causas dessa aridez afetiva e das dificuldades na relação com o paciente seria a formação centrada na aquisição de competência técnico-científica de forma tecnicista. Como contraponto, tentou-se incluir disciplinas de humanidades médicas nos currículos, o que tem se mostrado tarefa árdua. A difícil inclusão de temas humanísticos e desenvolvimento de competência ético-relacional nas escolas médicas fazem pensar que aspectos mais sutis na construção da identidade médica podem estar corroborando com tais fatos. A subjetividade contemporânea (valores...

Association between participation and compliance with Continuing Medical Education and care production by physicians: a cross-sectional study

Carrera,Renato Melli; Cendoroglo Neto,Miguel; Gonçales,Paulo David Scatena; Marques,Flavio Rocha Brito; Sardenberg,Camila; Glezer,Milton; Santos,Oscar Fernando Pavão dos; Rizzo,Luiz Vicente; Lottenberg,Claudio Luiz; Schvartsman,Cláudio
Fonte: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein Publicador: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
Objective Physician participation in Continuing Medical Education programs may be influenced by a number of factors. To evaluate the factors associated with compliance with the Continuing Medical Education requirements at a private hospital, we investigated whether physicians’ activity, measured by volumes of admissions and procedures, was associated with obtaining 40 Continuing Medical Education credits (40 hours of activities) in a 12-month cycle. Methods In an exclusive and non-mandatory Continuing Medical Education program, we collected physicians’ numbers of hospital admissions and numbers of surgical procedures performed. We also analyzed data on physicians’ time since graduation, age, and gender. Results A total of 3,809 credentialed, free-standing, private practice physicians were evaluated. Univariate analysis showed that the Continuing Medical Education requirements were more likely to be achieved by male physicians (odds ratio 1.251; p=0.009) and who had a higher number of hospital admissions (odds ratio 1.022; p<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that age and number of hospital admissions were associated with achievement of the Continuing Medical Education requirements. Each hospital admission increased the chance of achieving the requirements by 0.4%. Among physicians who performed surgical procedures...

A National Survey of Medical Education Fellowships

Thompson, Britta M.; Searle, Nancy S.; Gruppen, Larry D.; Nelson, Elizabeth A.; Hatem, Charles Joseph
Fonte: Medical Education Online Publicador: Medical Education Online
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Purpose: The purpose of our study was to determine the prevalence, focus, time commitment, graduation requirements and programme evaluation methods of medical education fellowships throughout the United States. Medical education fellowships are defined as a single cohort of medical teaching faculty who participate in an extended faculty development programme. Methods: A 26-item online questionnaire was distributed to all US medical schools (n=127) in 2005 and 2006. The questionnaire asked each school if it had a medical education fellowship and the characteristics of the fellowship programme. Results: Almost half (n=55) of the participating schools (n=120, response rate 94.5%) reported having fellowships. Duration (10-584 hours) and length (<1 month-48 months) varied; most focused on teaching skills, scholarly dissemination and curriculum design, and required the completion of a scholarly project. A majority collected participant satisfaction; few used other programme evaluation strategies. Conclusions: The number of medical education fellowships increased rapidly during the 1990s and 2000s. Across the US, programmes are similar in participant characteristics and curricular focus but unique in completion requirements. Fellowships collect limited programme evaluation data...

Coaching as a form of instruction and a component of medical ethics education

Shaw, Marjorie Hodges (1966 - ); Curren, Randall
Fonte: University of Rochester Publicador: University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Number of Pages:x, 275 leaves; Illustrations:ill. (some col.)
ENG
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Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester. Margaret Warner Graduate School of Education and Human Development, 2011.; American medical schools do not have a model approach for teaching and learning medical ethics. The literature on medical ethics instruction identifies the recent revisions to accreditation requirements, which link undergraduate and graduate ethics education, as an opportunity to create a new medical pedagogy. This dissertation develops a theoretical account of “coaching,” a form of instruction that is both critical to medical ethics education and meets the new accreditation requirements. The development of this account of coaching is, in part, conceptual, supported by philosophical methods and the wider literature on coaching in music, athletics, business, and education; and, in part, empirical, stemming from research in particular medical ethics sessions taught in the third year of the University of Rochester Medical School. The method for the empirical portion of the research is qualitative description and relies in part on analytic induction. The data come from analysis of course evaluations, participant observations of the target ethics sessions, field notes following the observations, analysis of audio-recorded participant observations...

The Resilience of Women in Higher Education in Afghanistan

Kosha, Afifa; Oriya, Spozhmay; Nabi, Tahira; Halim, Sabera; Hofyani, Sohaila; Liwal, Abida; Safi, Najibullah; Sahak, Mohamad Nadir; Noormal, Bashir
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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Female access to higher education in Afghanistan is has been and continues to be limited. At the basic education level, the country has made great advances since 2000; it increased access from 900,000 students in 2000, almost all boys, to 6.7 million students in 2009, and girl s enrollment increased from 5,000 under the Taliban to 2.4 million in the same time period (Afghanistan, Ministry of Education 2009-2010). Seventy-one percent are currently enrolled in primary and middle school (Grades 1-9) and 29 percent are enrolled in secondary education (Grades 10-12; Samady 2013). The post-secondary gains for girls have already increased, as 120,000 girls have graduated from secondary school, and 15,000 have enrolled in universities (George W. Bush Institute 2013). Every year, more than 100,000 secondary school graduates write the Kankor, the nationwide higher education entrance exam, but due to insufficient spaces and limited capacity, only about half of those students find a spot at the government universities and colleges (UN Women 2013). Of the total number of university students...

Surgical undergraduate education in rural Australia

Bruening, M.; Maddern, G.
Fonte: Amer Medical Assoc Publicador: Amer Medical Assoc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
Hypothesis: Surgical undergraduate education in a rural setting is feasible and sound in terms of educational outcomes. Design: The final-year surgical curriculum at the University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, was restructured to include the option of a rural surgical term. Setting: Five provincial center hospitals in rural South Australia. Interventions: Forty-three final-year medical students undertook rural surgical clerkships in 1998. Main Outcome Measures: End-of-year results and subjective ward assessments were compared between the group of students who completed rural surgical terms and the remainder of the student group who participated in tertiary hospital-based electives. Subjective student feedback was obtained in a survey conducted by the Clinical Education Development Unit at the University of Adelaide. Results: No significant (P = .45) differences in examination results were noted between the rural and city groups. A significant (P<.01) finding was observed in the subjective assessments, indicating that it was more difficult for the rural group to obtain an A grade compared with the city group. The rural students ranked the level of teaching and supervision highly and enjoyed the overall rural experience. Conclusion: Surgical undergraduate education is practical in a rural setting and...

Achieving equal standards in medical student education: is a national exit examination the answer?

Koczwara, B.; Tattersall, M.; Barton, M.; Coventry, B.; Dewar, J.; Miller, J.; Olver, I.; Schwarz, M.; Starmer, D.; Turner, D.; Stockler, M.
Fonte: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd Publicador: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46%
Although it is commonly assumed that the quality of medical school education in Australia is uniformly high, there is no national process for assessing its outcomes. There is substantial variability in the content of medical school curricula, and the process of curriculum change is becoming more challenging because of intense competition for time and space in the course. A national exit examination could provide a uniform standard of assessment for all medical school graduates in Australia, as well as foreign graduates applying to work in Australia. Such an examination could assess medical school outcomes, monitor the effects of curriculum change, and provide a benchmark for new medical schools that would help medical curricula evolve to better meet society’s needs.; Bogda Koczwara, Martin H N Tattersall, Michael B Barton, Brendon J Coventry, Joanna M Dewar, Jeremy L Millar, Ian N Olver, Max A Schwarz, Darren L Starmer, David R Turner and Martin R Stockler, for the Cancer Council of Australia Oncology Education Committee; The document attached has been archived with permission from the editor of the Medical Journal of Australia. An external link to the publisher’s copy is included.

Child psychiatry curricula in undergraduate medical education

Sawyer, M.; Giesen, F.; Walter, G.
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature describing the content and time allocated to undergraduate medical education curricula in child and adolescent psychiatry and make recommendations about child and adolescent psychiatry teaching goals and curricula content. METHOD: A literature search from 1970 to February 2007 using the key words undergraduate, curriculum, teaching, education, psychiatry, child, adolescent, and medical school, was conducted using PubMed, PsycINFO, and Web of Science. RESULTS: There is limited agreement about curricula content for undergraduate child and adolescent psychiatry teaching programs in medical schools, with a wide range of objectives identified by different programs. On average, the time allowed for teaching child and adolescent psychiatry is small. There is also great variation in the time allocated by different medical schools. In many countries, the number of child and adolescent psychiatrists with academic appointments is limited, and child and adolescent psychiatry programs are developed and taught by a small number of teaching staff at each medical school. CONCLUSIONS: Medical schools should reconsider the relatively low priority given to teaching child and adolescent psychiatry to medical students. The child and adolescent psychiatry profession must identify clear learning goals for a longitudinal developmentally appropriate model of child and adolescent psychiatry education commencing at an undergraduate level in medical schools and continuing through residency and fellowships. There is a need to promote national and international standards for teaching in this area and to encourage stronger collaborations between teaching staff across different medical schools.; Sawyer...

Ethical enculturation: the informal and hidden ethics curricula at an Australian Medical School

West, C.; Chur-Hansen, A.
Fonte: Australasian and New Zealand Association for Medical Education Publicador: Australasian and New Zealand Association for Medical Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.99%
The formal ethics curriculum taught in medical schools is underscored by the informal and hidden curricula – that which is learned outside of the classroom or ward round, and which is often implied rather than explicit. Medical students' ethical and moral development is influenced by these curricula, although they have not been subject to the same scrutiny as the formal curriculum in previous research. The objective of this study was to explore University of Adelaide medical students' opinions of their ethical experiences, focusing on the informal and hidden curricula, and the perceived impact of these on their ethical development. Six undergraduates in their fourth year of a six-year course participated in an open-ended interview. Transcriptions were subjected to a qualitative methodology, Framework analysis, which extracts themes from the data. Seven interconnected themes were found. These were ethical development, the formal ethics curriculum, role- modelling, compromise, speaking out and keeping quiet, self-interest and guilt. Whilst the results of this study are consistent with that of previous research, a new and as yet unexplored result was the juxtaposition of 'local' students' perceptions of their ethical behaviour with their perceptions of 'international' students' ethical behaviour. From this...

HIV/AIDS Education in Health Professionals Training in the Philippines

Tawasil, John R.; Salvador, Vincent DG; Juban, Noel R.; Chan, Michael B.
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
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46.09%
It is recognized by both private and public sectors that an adequate education plays an important part in stemming the spread of HIV. While the topic of sex education among primary and secondary schools remains a contentious issue for a predominantly Catholic country like the Philippines, teaching health professionals about HIV/AIDS is a vital part of the subject of infectious diseases. At present, there is a need to evaluate the current curriculum of health professionals in terms of the adequacy of the teaching about HIV/AIDS. This study was undertaken to review the present state of HIV/AIDS education in undergraduate health professionals' curriculum and to assess the response of local tertiary private hospitals to the emerging threat of HIV/AIDS. It analyzes the current situation of HIV/AIDS lectures and discussions in public tertiary education academic curricula of health professionals in the Philippines. It determines the perceptions of different stakeholders as to the sufficiency of the current level of lectures and discussions on HIV/AIDS. It describes the private hospital sector response to the HIV/AIDS problem. This study was divided into two parts. The first part dealt with the first and second objectives...

General practice career intentions among graduate-entry students: a cross-sectional study at Ireland’s newest medical school

Lane, G; Dunne, Colum; English, A; Finucane, Paul; O'Connor, Ray; Griffin, M; O'Sullivan, B; Hanrahan, C; McGrath, D; O'Donovan, N; Cullen, Walter
Fonte: Irish Medical Organization Publicador: Irish Medical Organization
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
peer-reviewed; Increased care provision and clinical activity in general practice in Ireland will have important manpower implications. Recent developments in medical education policy including the introduction of graduate-entry medical degree programmes may help address this issue. The aim of this study was to determine GP career intentions among students on an Irish graduate-entry medical degree programme and to identify factors that influence these. An electronic cross-sectional study of students at University of Limerick Graduate-Entry Medical School (UL-GEMS) was undertaken. We received 139 replies (78% response rate). 41(29%) reported GP was their current preferred career choice, while 29(19%) reported it was their preferred career choice on entry to medical school. This first study to present data on GP career intentions among graduate-entry students in Ireland highlights the specialty as a popular preferred career choice among students, both on entry to, and during medical school. The study also identifies factors which are likely to be important in determining career intentions. Further research to examine this issue at other graduate-entry medical schools in Ireland and to determine whether our findings are pursued over time amongst graduates is a priority.

A method for the design and development of medical or health care information websites to optimize search engine results page rankings on Google

Dunne, Suzanne S.; Cummins, Niamh M; Hannigan, Ailish; Shannon, Bill; Dunne, Colum; Cullen, Walter
Fonte: Journal of Medical Internet Research Publicador: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.88%
peer-reviewed; Background: The Internet is a widely used source of information for patients searching for medical/health care information. While many studies have assessed existing medical/health care information on the Internet, relatively few have examined methods for design and delivery of such websites, particularly those aimed at the general public. Objective: This study describes a method of evaluating material for new medical/health care websites, or for assessing those already in existence, which is correlated with higher rankings on Google's Search Engine Results Pages (SERPs). Methods: A website quality assessment (WQA) tool was developed using criteria related to the quality of the information to be contained in the website in addition to an assessment of the readability of the text. This was retrospectively applied to assess existing websites that provide information about generic medicines. The reproducibility of the WQA tool and its predictive validity were assessed in this study. Results: The WQA tool demonstrated very high reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficient=0.95) between 2 independent users. A moderate to strong correlation was found between WQA scores and rankings on google.com SERPs. Analogous correlations were seen between rankings and readability of websites as determined by Flesch Reading Ease and Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level scores. Conclusions: The use of the WQA tool developed in this study is recommended as part of the design phase of a medical or health care information provision website...

Cardiothoracic Surgery League from University of São Paulo Medical School: twelve years in medical education experience; Doze anos de experiência em Educação Médica da Liga de Cirurgia Cardiotorácica da Universidade de São Paulo

FERNANDES, Flávio Guimarães; HORTÊNCIO, Lucas de Oliveira Serra; UNTERPERTINGER, Fernando do Valle; WAISBERG, Daniel Reis; PÊGO-FERNANDES, Paulo Manuel; JATENE, Fabio Biscegli
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
INTRODUCTION: Academic Leagues (Academic Interest Group) are entities that belong to medical schools and their hospitals. Their goals are research, medical education and health care. The cardiothoracic Surgery League (Liga de Cirurgia Cardiotorácica - LCCT), University of São Paulo Medical School, was founded 12 years ago, aimed at providing undergraduate medical students an opportunity to expand knowledge in cardiothoracic surgery and to take part in scientific studies in the field. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the experience gained through LCCT implementation. METHODS: Current students and former members of LCCT were submitted to a specific evaluation form, delivered personally or by email, which provided data on the general opinion regarding LCCT's activities, the reasons for answers provided and choice of medical specialties. Furthermore, LCCT's total scientific production was evaluated. Results: Most undergraduate medical students 51/65 (78.5%) and former members 94/121 (77.7%) completed the form. The interest in Cardiothoracic Surgery was the most common reason for joining LCCT 44/161 (27.3%). Most students 32/51 (62.7%) - reported their initial expectations were partially met. Almost every member would recommend a fellow medical student to join LCCT 50/51 (98%) and 25/51 (49%) of them participated in a scientific project linked to LCCT. In total...

Cardiothoracic Surgery League from University of São Paulo Medical School: twelve years in medical education experience

Fernandes,Flávio Guimarães; Hortêncio,Lucas de Oliveira Serra; Unterpertinger,Fernando do Valle; Waisberg,Daniel Reis; Pêgo-Fernandes,Paulo Manuel; Jatene,Fabio Biscegli
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
INTRODUCTION: Academic Leagues (Academic Interest Group) are entities that belong to medical schools and their hospitals. Their goals are research, medical education and health care. The cardiothoracic Surgery League (Liga de Cirurgia Cardiotorácica - LCCT), University of São Paulo Medical School, was founded 12 years ago, aimed at providing undergraduate medical students an opportunity to expand knowledge in cardiothoracic surgery and to take part in scientific studies in the field. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the experience gained through LCCT implementation. METHODS: Current students and former members of LCCT were submitted to a specific evaluation form, delivered personally or by email, which provided data on the general opinion regarding LCCT's activities, the reasons for answers provided and choice of medical specialties. Furthermore, LCCT's total scientific production was evaluated. Results: Most undergraduate medical students 51/65 (78.5%) and former members 94/121 (77.7%) completed the form. The interest in Cardiothoracic Surgery was the most common reason for joining LCCT 44/161 (27.3%). Most students 32/51 (62.7%) - reported their initial expectations were partially met. Almost every member would recommend a fellow medical student to join LCCT 50/51 (98%) and 25/51 (49%) of them participated in a scientific project linked to LCCT. In total...

Flexners ethical oversight reprised? Contemporary medical education and the health impacts of corporate globalization

Faunce, Thomas; Gatenby, Paul
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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BACKGROUND: Abraham Flexner's famous reports of 1910 and 1912, Medical Education in the United States and Canada and Medical Education in Europe, were written to assist the development of a positive response in university curricula to a revolution in understanding about the scientific foundations of clinical medicine. Flexner pointed out many deficiencies in medical education that retain contemporary resonance. Generally underemphasised in Flexner's reports, however, were recommendations promoting a firm understanding of and commitment to medical ethics as a basis of medical professionalism. Indeed, Flexner's praise for the scholastic basic of German medical education appeared somewhat ironic when the ethical inadequacies of prominent Nazi doctors were revealed at the Nuremberg Trials. CORPORATE GLOBALISATION AND ITS IMPACT ON MEDICAL PROFESSIONALISM: This article suggests that contemporary medical educators, like Flexner, may be at risk of inadequately addressing a major challenge to evolving medical professionalism. Medical ethics, health law and even the international right to health are now increasingly emphasised in medical curricula. The same cannot be said, however, of lobbying principles arising from the structures of corporate globalisation...

Quick-Time VRTM: when medical education meets virtual reality; Quick-Time VRTM: when medical education meets virtual reality

Figueiredo, Eberval Gadelha; Faria, José Weber Vieira de; Ballester, Gerson; Teixeira, Manoel Jacobsen
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/12/2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Learning medicine is a difficult process to undertake, partially due to the complexity of the subject and limitations of traditional methods of teaching (lectures, textbooks, laboratory and anatomical dissections). These resources have been effective for decades, even though presenting intrinsic drawbacks. Textbooks are non-interactive education tools and do not provide any three dimensional experience. Cadaver dissection is an invaluable aid to learn anatomy. It provides an immersive, interactive experience allied with an inimitable tactile feedback. However, it has several limitations, including availability of specimens, costs and a substantial time commitment. Computer based virtual reality methods may overcome these drawbacks and provide interesting alternatives for medical training. Technological advances have generated great expectations for the use of computer-based virtual reality technologies in medical education, mainly anatomy and surgery. However, these Virtual Reality tools for general medical education are expensive due to the equipment necessary to create highly detailed, immersive three-dimensional image environments with real time friendly user interactivity. The concepts of Virtual Reality methods that generate immersive environments...

Humanidades médicas no Reino Unido: uma tendência mundial em educação médica hoje; Medical humanities in the UK: a world trend in medical education today

Sousa, Maria Sharmila A.; Gallian, Dante M. C.; Maciel, Rui M. B.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/09/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This editorial aims to present a critical analysis of the state-of-the-art literature on the initiative of introduction of the Medical Humanities into Medical Education in the United Kingdom,as well as the perceptions and attitudes of medical students, scholars and researchers in this field. For such purpose, a critical literature review was performed at the online bases Ovid-SP and Scopus for the keywords in the English language ‘medical humanities’, ‘medical education’, ‘humanities’, ‘humanisation’, ‘physicians’, ‘patients’, ‘medical students’, ‘British’, ‘England’, during the period from 2000 to 2011, also collecting publications by cross-referencing. This search produced a result of 34 papers, from which 29 were directly referenced in this work that shows the way through which the Medical Humanities became a flourishing discipline to be introduced in Medical Schools from the 1950’s on, simultaneously in the US and the UK. At this panorama, we historicised the origins of the dissolution process of the ‘good doctor’ and delineated the pathway by which the UK has become the focus of a worldwide trend in humanisation of the health care. As such, raising the world debate with the British both wide and effective experience of introduction of the Medical Humanities...

Cinema como recurso de educação em promoção da saúde; Cinema as a resource for education in health promotion

Sá, Eduardo Costa; Torres, Rafael Augusto Tamasauskas
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The arts can and should be used as a resource in education, including undergraduate medicine. The aim of this paper is to review the literature on the role of cinema as a resource in medical education, including the promotion of health. We conducted a literature review in PUBMED and SciELO using the following descriptors: “Education, Medical”, “Motion Pictures as Topic” and “Cinema”. The research was conducted in two phases, the first we used the first two descriptors and in the second, the first and third descriptor, for “Cinema” was not found in DeCS bases and MeSH but because of the relevance of items with this theme, it was necessary to include it in the search. We selected only unpaid items published in the last 10 years in English and Portuguese. Among all selected scientific articles, authors, Brazilian or not, are unanimous in agreeing that the films presented to graduate students in medicine, with subsequent discussion, collaborate with their training, and stimulate thought relations with patients and their diseases, including emotional responses important. Finally, for content related to health promotion, it is possible to use the film for the graduate students in medicine, but there is still no specific material for this area.; na educação...