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Expressive arts in training of teachers to inclusive education

Santos, Graça Duarte; Carvalho, Alexandra
Fonte: Research Center on Education (CIEd)/Institute of Education University of Minho Publicador: Research Center on Education (CIEd)/Institute of Education University of Minho
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.83%
Considering the importance given to creativity and to cooperative and active learning as facilitator methods of an Inclusive Education, on this paper we present a study that identifies the place given to active and expressive techniques in the initial training of educators/teachers. The Higher Education Institutions that provide training components within the inclusive education, active and expressive techniques were identified, characterizing those same components by analyzing the curricula of all courses of Initial Teacher Education in Portugal which qualify for teachers from pre-school education to the 2nd cycle of basic education. Data analysis will allow us to further reflect on the contribution of these areas to build positive models of Inclusive Education.

Financing Higher Education in Africa

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
This report demonstrated that the key for success in a globalized world lies increasingly in how effectively a country can assimilate the available knowledge and build comparative advantages in areas with good growth prospects and how it can use technology to address the most pressing environmental challenges. Higher-level institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa that is equipped to impart quality education and conduct relevant applied research can play a critical role in producing workers with the skills to assimilate technology and make effective decisions that help industry to diversify into a broader range of products. Good-quality and relevant higher education is also a key to stimulating innovations in new varieties of crops, new materials, or sources of energy that would facilitate progress toward reducing poverty, achieving food security, and improving health. This report is a follow-up to the 2008 study. It examines current practices in financing higher education in Sub-Saharan Africa, taking into account the significant differences that exist among countries. Drawing on experience from around the world...

Higher Education in Francophone Africa : What Tools Can Be Used to Support Financially-Sustainable Policies?

Gioan, Pierre Antoine
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
The higher education and research sector in the French-speaking countries of Africa has, for more than a decade, been in a state of severe crisis, stemming from an increasing disparity between the requirements vital to providing high quality education and the available resources. The goal of this article is to: i) highlight the factors which have lead to the development of this situation in most countries; ii) identify the conditions for creating a framework to regulate the trends in the higher education and research systems and allow them to be more financially sustainable; and iii) identify ways of increasing funding for this sector as well maintaining its level of quality. The Main tools to support financially-sustainable policies include: i) controlling student inflows into higher education in order to avoid an increase in the student population that will be difficult to manage; ii) targeting student assistance more effectively towards the most disadvantaged and deserving students; iii) limiting the duration of study at the higher education level in order to prevent the number of students from building up in the institutions; iv) guiding students more effectively towards courses that offer better employment prospects; v) trying to promote a higher education private sector through fiscal and non-fiscal incentives; vi) reducing unit education costs; and vii) mobilizing additional self-generated resources.

Strategies for Sustainable Financing of Secondary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

Lewin, Keith M.
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
This thematic study discusses strategies for sustainable financing of secondary education in Sub-Saharan Africa. The report provides insight into options for financing the expansion of secondary education and training in Africa. This comes with a hefty price tag and points to the need to undertake fundamental reforms swiftly. This publication messages are clear: secondary education and training in Sub-Saharan Africa faces the challenge of improved efficiency and improved quality simultaneously with a fast growing demand. Sustainable financing will also require more effective public-private partnerships, because governments have many priorities and do not have a lot of room for significant additional public funding of post-primary systems. Educational reforms are needed to expand enrollment in secondary schooling in affordable ways. These reforms will contribute to poverty reduction by increasing the levels of knowledge, skills, and capability; diminishing inequalities in access that limit social mobility and skew income distribution; and contributing to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that relate to education.

Strategies for Sustainable Financing of Secondary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa : Appendix 1 - Projections of Recurrent and Development Costs

Lewin, Keith M.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
This thematic study discusses strategies for sustainable financing of secondary education in Sub-Saharan Africa. The report provides insight into options for financing the expansion of secondary education and training in Africa. This comes with a hefty price tag and points to the need to undertake fundamental reforms swiftly. This publication messages are clear: secondary education and training in Sub-Saharan Africa faces the challenge of improved efficiency and improved quality simultaneously with a fast growing demand. Sustainable financing will also require more effective public-private partnerships, because governments have many priorities and do not have a lot of room for significant additional public funding of post-primary systems. Educational reforms are needed to expand enrollment in secondary schooling in affordable ways. These reforms will contribute to poverty reduction by increasing the levels of knowledge, skills, and capability; diminishing inequalities in access that limit social mobility and skew income distribution; and contributing to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that relate to education.

Higher Education Financing in the New EU Member States : Leveling the Playing Field

Canning, Mary; Godfrey, Martin; Holzer-Zelazewska, Dorota
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
The study reviews the experience in the EU8 countries of the emergence of private higher education institutions and introduction of fees for student who do not gain regular admission. This has resulted in a dual-track system that is affecting the equity of access to higher education. The authors have addressed this with a variety of financing mechanisms in the EU8 countries and seek to develop some useful policy options to "level the playing field" for countries contemplating further reforms, which would include the introduction of variable fees, needs-based grants and loans to increase private financial flows into higher education while facilitating equal access across the board. The study begins with and introduction. Chapter 2 provides an overview of current higher education systems in the EU8 in a comparative perspective. Chapter 3 suggests some directions for further reform initiatives. Chapter 4 concludes.

Higher Education Quality Assurance in Sub-Saharan Africa : Status, Challenges, Opportunities, and Promising Practices

Materu, Peter
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
This report maps and assesses the status and practice of higher education quality assurance (QA) in Sub-Saharan Africa. It centers on quality assurance in degree-granting tertiary institutions, but also incorporates, where available, information on other types of tertiary education. A main finding is that structured national-level quality assurance processes in African higher education are a very recent phenomenon and that most countries face major capacity constraints. The research for this report was conducted between November 2005 and December 2006 through document and web reviews, interviews and six detailed country case studies covering Cameroon, Ghana, Mauritius, Nigeria, South Africa and Tanzania. This study has two main purposes, one being to establish a baseline on the status of quality assurance in higher education in Africa. A second is to provide information to education policymakers, stakeholders (including employers) and development partners involved in tertiary education in Africa that may assist them with identification and prioritization of capacity enhancement needs for quality improvement.

Cross-border Tertiary Education : A Way towards Capacity Development

OECD; World Bank
Fonte: Paris: OECD Publicador: Paris: OECD
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
This report emphasizes that cross-border tertiary education refers to the movement of people, programs, providers, curricula, projects, research and services in tertiary (or higher) education across national jurisdictional borders. Cross-border education is a subset of educational internationalization and can be part of development cooperation projects, academic exchange programs and commercial initiatives. The focus of this volume is on the mobility of students, programs and providers/institutions. Student mobility remains relatively small, but has grown at an unprecedented pace in the past decade. The study concludes that cross-border tertiary education can be a helpful capacity development tool that countries and donor countries and agencies should consider in their development strategies. Finally, with the growth of trade in education services and the inclusion of the sector in the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), countries and their education community should develop a better technical understanding of trade agreements. These agreements can be a tool in their capacity-building strategy...

Vietnam : Higher Education and Skills for Growth

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
The demand for skills has been increasing significantly in Vietnam, due to a combination of inter-industry employment changes, capital accumulation and some evidence which is consistent with skill-biased technical change. As a result employment opportunities for tertiary graduates now exist in most sectors. Higher education graduates are also shown to contribute positively to firm productivity. On the one hand, this evidence provides a strong justification for further expansion and improvement of higher education in the country. On the other hand, low research and development (R&D) capacity, increasing evidence of skill bottlenecks and the still inequitable distribution of higher education opportunities, combined with broad institutional and financing constraints, suggest that the higher education system does not yet have the tools it needs to adapt to the growing and changing needs of an increasingly dynamic economy. Moving towards a first-class high performing higher education system will require a set of reforms that create a more flexible and diverse system...

Addressing Governance at the Center of Higher Education Reforms in Armenia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Since joining the Bologna process in 2005, the Armenian government and higher education institutions have made significant progress in reforming the higher education system. Despite reforms, the public perception of higher education governance and management is poor. Reasons for the poor public perception of higher education governance are primarily embedded in system-wide factors. Recent research has identified a governance structure and regulatory framework as key to the development of overall higher education systems. The study finds that underperformance of the higher education system is associated with a legal framework that lacks coherence and the entire system lacks capacity to effectively exercise autonomy and accountability.

Tajikistan : Higher Education Sector Study

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
The introduction provides background on higher education reforms in Tajikistan and the rationale for this study. Chapter one presents an overview of the higher education system. Chapter two outlines the system-wide governance framework for Tajikistan s higher education system. It examines the regulatory framework governing higher education, system-level and institutional-level governance, stakeholders participation, and corruption. Chapter three reviews international trends in quality assurance as a benchmark for Tajikistan and examines Tajikistan s existing quality assurance system. Chapter four analyzes the higher education financing model in Tajikistan. Chapter five assesses the feasibility of using Information and Communication Technologies to improve access, quality, and relevance of higher education in Tajikistan. It also presents the results of an innovative pilot project to apply ICT-based solutions for higher education challenges. Chapter six concludes with a summary of findings and policy recommendations.

Malaysia and the Knowledge Economy : Building a World Class Higher Education System

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
This report assesses and analyzes the current state of the Malaysian university system and makes recommendations on ways to further strengthen existing higher education institutions. It looks in particular at the policy framework needed to support the growth and development of the higher education system which include the legal framework, quality assurance systems, incentives for investment, R&D policies, financing mechanisms that help low income students access education, and public financing programs that direct subsidies to strategically important institutions or fields of study. This report aims to identify key challenges and appropriate solutions which could constitute relevant policy advice for the Government of Malaysia. It concentrates on the higher education sector, including both public and private universities. Notwithstanding the overall focus on the university sector, the study makes occasional reference to the wider concept of tertiary education system as needed. It also makes reference to the broader concept of a national innovation system (NIS)...

Higher Education in Madhya Pradesh : The Way Forward

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Madhya Pradesh is fast emerging as a repository of skilled human resource. Investment on building up of human capital is showing upward trend. The State Government has focused attention on improving the quality of higher education along with its expansion by promoting public-private partnership. Legislation for encouraging establishment of private universities is expressive of state's resolve to become a hub of higher education. The 11th five year plan has set its goals as 'expansion of enrolment in higher education with inclusiveness, quality and relevant education, with necessary academic reforms in the university and college system. The goal is to set India as a nation in which all those who aspire to good quality higher education can access it, irrespective of their paying capacity'. Expansion, inclusion and quality are thus the three cornerstones of our national goals in education. The Government has set a target of 21percent Gross Enrolment Ration (GER) by the end of the twelfth plan (2017) with an interim target of 15 percent by the end of the eleventh plan 2012. This seems a highly ambitious aim considering the present GER of 12.4 percent. The Government of Madhya Pradesh convened a conference 'Higher education in Madhya Pradesh the way forward' on 3rd of October 2011 in Bhopal...

Costs and Financing of Higher Education in Francophone Africa; Couts et financement de l'enseignement superieur en Afrique Francophone

Brossard, Mathieu; Foko, Borel
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
This study is a follow-up to the Higher Education for Francophone Africa's Development Conference, held from June 13 to 15, 2006 in Ouagadougou at the initiative of the World Bank in collaboration with the Government of Burkina Faso, the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie. It continues and expands upon discussions that took place during that event. This study includes two sections. The first analyzes the expenditure for the higher education in the countries of French-speaking Africa by adopting a dual comparison approach: (i) chronologically, for the last 15 years, and (ii) inter alia, in particular juxtaposing French-speaking Africa compared to other developing regions. The second part presents financial simulation models in regard to national higher education development plans for the countries of French-speaking Africa.

Differentiation and Articulation in Tertiary Education Systems : A Study of Twelve African Countries; Differenciation et articulation dans les systemes d'enseignement superieur en Afrique : une etude de douze pays Africains

Ng'ethe, Njuguna; Subotzky, George; Afeti, George
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
This study strives to sketch an initial map of the extent and nature of institutional and program differentiation within African systems of tertiary education. In doing so, it also seeks to chart the patterns of articulation that have emerged or been consciously put in place between the different institutional types (such as public universities, private universities, polytechnics, training colleges). The analysis of tertiary education differentiation and articulation is based on field visits to a dozen selected African countries. Its purpose is to improve general understanding of this under-researched but strategically important technical aspect of African higher education at a time when it is becoming an important aspect of education policy. African countries display far more differentiation than articulation within their tertiary education systems. Their systems are quite diverse and can be classified as unitary, binary, trinary, semi-differentiated or fully differentiated, depending upon the number of different institutional types that comprise the tertiary system. In general...

Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics--Regional 2008 : Higher Education and Development; Politicas de proteccion socialeficaces : diseno e implementacion para la proteccion y la promocion

Lin, Justin Yifu; Pleskovic, Boris
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
The Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics (ABCDE) is one of the best-known conferences for the presentation and discussion of new knowledge on development. It is an opportunity for many of the world's finest development thinkers to present their ideas. The papers in this volume were presented at the ABCDE that was held on January 16-17, 2007, in Beijing, China. Each year the topics selected for the conference represent either new areas of concern for future research or areas that the author believes will benefit from a reexamination. The topic of the 2007 conference was 'higher education and development,' which encompassed five themes: higher education and migration, private-public provision of higher education, financing of higher education, technological innovation (linkages between universities and industry), and higher education and labor markets in Asia.

Indonesia's Higher Education System : How Responsive is it to the Labor Market?

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Indonesia is at a development crossroads. It successfully weathered the 2008 international financial crisis, and it has shown resilience in the current turbulent times. Its economy is now one of the largest 20 economies in the world and it has ambitious plans to achieve high-income status and join the G-7 by 2030. Yet the challenges it faces are daunting. As highlighted in the recent Indonesia Economic Quarterly report by the World Bank, the status quo may not be enough to maintain current growth rates in light of domestic and policy pressures. And even maintaining the current rates of growth will not bring the country to high income status by the target year. This paper is organized as follows. Section two presents a framework to look at incentives and argues that without the right system in place, the tendency of the education sector will not necessarily be to align its supply with the demands of the labor market. The section discusses some of key features of the system in Indonesia. Section three looks at the performance of higher education graduates in the labor market...

Putting Higher Education to Work : Skills and Research for Growth in East Asia

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
A fundamental question facing East Asia, especially its low- and middle income economies, is how to sustain or even accelerate the growth of recent decades. From 1950 to 2005, for example, the region's real income per head rose sevenfold. With aging populations, these economies will need to derive an increasing share of growth from productivity improvements rather than from physical factor accumulation to drive growth. The book argues that higher education is failing to deliver skills for growth and research for innovation because of widespread disconnects between higher education institutions and other skill and research users and providers. These disconnects undermine the very functioning of the higher education system. The main assumption of the report is that to deliver labor market skills to higher education graduates, these institutions: (a) must have characteristics that are aligned with what employers and employees need; and (b) must be well connected among themselves and other skills providers. Similarly...

Internationalization of Higher Education in MENA : Policy Issues Associated with Skills Formation and Mobility

Jaramillo, Adriana; Ruby, Alan; Henard, Fabrice; Zaafrane, Hafedh
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
This policy issues note is focused on internationalization of higher education and the linkages and implications that internationalization has for skills mobility. Internationalization is one of the most important developments that globalization has brought to higher education worldwide. In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, it has turned into quite a complex undertaking. The Arab Spring has made it clear that young people in MENA are asking for more and better opportunities: to study and work; to move about the world; and to learn and to create new knowledge and enterprises. Higher education, migration, and labor mobility are key policy areas as MENA nations address the need for a strong skills base to underpin the economic and social development of the regions disparate economies. All three policy areas share an interest in the development, recognition, and application of educational qualifications, in the quality of education and training, and in the ability of people to acquire, provide, and use education for their own well-being and for their nation's benefit. This note is intended to be the base document for a policy dialogue integrating the three issues associated with the development of human capital: higher education...

Experiences with cultural capital in education : exploring the educational life stories of first-generation postsecondary students

Lane, Laura
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.8%
This study used a life history research design to explore first-generation university students' educational life stories and experiences with cultural capital. The project sought to examine how 3 first-generation university students experience cultural capital that is privileged in Ontario's education system and how the interactions between capital acquired through experiences within the home and school and capital privileged by the education system affect these students' educational experiences and perceptions. Using Pierre Bourdieu's (1984; 1986) theory of cultural capital as a framework, 3 firstgeneration, first-year university students participated in two 1- to 2-hour interviews. A focus on each participant's experiences with culture, capital, and education revealed themes corresponding to navigating, utilizing, and confronting familial, institutional, economic, and embodied forms of cultural capital. The study highlights the importance of recognizing how cultural capital influences the education system and how firstgeneration students can recreate normative pathways and achieve academic success despite challenges posed by the cultural capital privileged within the education system. Given cultural capital's effect on academic success...