Página 1 dos resultados de 841 itens digitais encontrados em 0.017 segundos

Teaching public health in undergraduate medical courses: a case study in three universities in Paraná

Campos,João José Batista de; Elias,Paulo Eduardo Mangeon; Cordoni Junior,Luiz
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Historically, different concepts of public health have influenced both the specific teaching in this field and its participation in general physician training. Starting from this assumption, the objective of this paper was to study how public health has been taught in undergraduate medical courses, focusing on structure and on how this has affected curriculum design in three universities in the State of Paraná, Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Qualitative investigation developed at Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL) and Universidade Positivo (UnicenP). METHODS: This study included a documentary analysis on pedagogical projects and on how these are actually experienced by those working on them. Eleven managers and 18 teachers were interviewed, as well as four groups of students that were formed in the three medical courses. RESULTS: Between 5 and 20% of Public Health topics were shown to be included in the curriculums, depending on the teaching strategies used. However, they were always set up within academic approaches that were strongly linked to healthcare services. This situation has been strengthened through the degree of progress made by the National Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde...

Teaching patient safety in the medical undergraduate program at the Universidade Federal de São Paulo

Bohomol,Elena; Cunha,Isabel Cristina Kowal Olm
Fonte: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein Publicador: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
Objective To analyze the Educational Project of the undergraduate medical course to verify what is taught regarding Patient Safety and to enable reflections on the educational practice. Methods A descriptive study, using document research as strategy. The document of investigation was the Educational Project of the medical course, in 2006, at the Escola Paulista de Medicina of the Universidade Federal de São Paulo. The theoretical framework adopted was the Multi-Professional Patient Safety Curriculum Guide of the World Health Organization, which led to the preparation of a list with 153 tracking terms. Results We identified 65 syllabus units in the Educational Project of the course, in which 40 (61.5%) addressed topics related to Patient Safety. Themes on the topic “Infection prevention and control” were found in 19 (47.5%) units and teaching of “Interaction with patients and caregivers” in 12 (32.5%); however content related to “Learning from errors to prevent harm” were not found. None of the framework topics had their proposed themes entirely taught during the period of education of the future physicians. Conclusion Patient safety is taught in a fragmented manner, which values clinical skills such as the diagnosis and treatment of diseases...

Surgical undergraduate education in rural Australia

Bruening, M.; Maddern, G.
Fonte: Amer Medical Assoc Publicador: Amer Medical Assoc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
Hypothesis: Surgical undergraduate education in a rural setting is feasible and sound in terms of educational outcomes. Design: The final-year surgical curriculum at the University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, was restructured to include the option of a rural surgical term. Setting: Five provincial center hospitals in rural South Australia. Interventions: Forty-three final-year medical students undertook rural surgical clerkships in 1998. Main Outcome Measures: End-of-year results and subjective ward assessments were compared between the group of students who completed rural surgical terms and the remainder of the student group who participated in tertiary hospital-based electives. Subjective student feedback was obtained in a survey conducted by the Clinical Education Development Unit at the University of Adelaide. Results: No significant (P = .45) differences in examination results were noted between the rural and city groups. A significant (P<.01) finding was observed in the subjective assessments, indicating that it was more difficult for the rural group to obtain an A grade compared with the city group. The rural students ranked the level of teaching and supervision highly and enjoyed the overall rural experience. Conclusion: Surgical undergraduate education is practical in a rural setting and...

Child psychiatry curricula in undergraduate medical education

Sawyer, M.; Giesen, F.; Walter, G.
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.27%
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature describing the content and time allocated to undergraduate medical education curricula in child and adolescent psychiatry and make recommendations about child and adolescent psychiatry teaching goals and curricula content. METHOD: A literature search from 1970 to February 2007 using the key words undergraduate, curriculum, teaching, education, psychiatry, child, adolescent, and medical school, was conducted using PubMed, PsycINFO, and Web of Science. RESULTS: There is limited agreement about curricula content for undergraduate child and adolescent psychiatry teaching programs in medical schools, with a wide range of objectives identified by different programs. On average, the time allowed for teaching child and adolescent psychiatry is small. There is also great variation in the time allocated by different medical schools. In many countries, the number of child and adolescent psychiatrists with academic appointments is limited, and child and adolescent psychiatry programs are developed and taught by a small number of teaching staff at each medical school. CONCLUSIONS: Medical schools should reconsider the relatively low priority given to teaching child and adolescent psychiatry to medical students. The child and adolescent psychiatry profession must identify clear learning goals for a longitudinal developmentally appropriate model of child and adolescent psychiatry education commencing at an undergraduate level in medical schools and continuing through residency and fellowships. There is a need to promote national and international standards for teaching in this area and to encourage stronger collaborations between teaching staff across different medical schools.; Sawyer...

Assessment of higher order cognitive skills in undergraduate education: Modified essay or multiple choice questions? Research paper

Palmer, E.; Devitt, P.
Fonte: BioMed Central Ltd. Publicador: BioMed Central Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
Background: Reliable and valid written tests of higher cognitive function are difficult to produce, particularly for the assessment of clinical problem solving. Modified Essay Questions (MEQs) are often used to assess these higher order abilities in preference to other forms of assessment, including multiple-choice questions (MCQs). MEQs often form a vital component of end-of-course assessments in higher education. It is not clear how effectively these questions assess higher order cognitive skills. This study was designed to assess the effectiveness of the MEQ to measure higher-order cognitive skills in an undergraduate institution. Methods: An analysis of multiple-choice questions and modified essay questions (MEQs) used for summative assessment in a clinical undergraduate curriculum was undertaken. A total of 50 MCQs and 139 stages of MEQs were examined, which came from three exams run over two years. The effectiveness of the questions was determined by two assessors and was defined by the questions ability to measure higher cognitive skills, as determined by a modification of Bloom's taxonomy, and its quality as determined by the presence of item writing flaws. Results: Over 50% of all of the MEQs tested factual recall. This was similar to the percentage of MCQs testing factual recall. The modified essay question failed in its role of consistently assessing higher cognitive skills whereas the MCQ frequently tested more than mere recall of knowledge. Conclusion: Construction of MEQs...

Tomorrow's educators...today? implementing near-peer teaching for medical students

Nelson, A.; Nelson, S.; Linn, A.; Raw, L.; Kildea, H.; Tonkin, A.
Fonte: Carfax Publishing Publicador: Carfax Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
BACKGROUND: The University of Adelaide offers a six-year undergraduate medical degree with a focus on small group learning. Senior medical students had previously received limited formal training in education skills, and were identified as an underutilised teaching resource. AIMS: To devise a programme in which senior students are exposed to the various facets of university teaching responsibilities and to evaluate its impact on both the tutors and the students. METHODS: A six week rotation in medical education for final year medical students was designed and implemented in 2010 to involve them in the development, delivery and assessment of the 1st and 2nd year medical programme as near-peer tutors (NPTs). RESULTS: Two years after the rotation’s implementation, voluntary evaluation of both the junior students and NPTs was undertaken through a mixed methods approach of survey and focus group. Junior students (n¼358) revealed the NPTs provided nonthreatening learning environments, provided helpful feedback and acted as role models. Additionally, the NPTs (n¼24) reported they had consolidated prior knowledge, developed their teaching skills and expressed a desire to be more involved in teaching in the future. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of NPTs in the teaching of junior medical students appears to benefit both students and their near-peer colleagues. Involvement of NPTs in all facets of medical education through this rotation stands to not only foster potential interest in an academic pathway but also equip them with a variety of transferable skills which they can draw on as future educators in their profession.; Adam J. Nelson...

Junior doctors' views of how their undergraduate clinical electives in palliative care influenced their current practice of medicine

Crawford, G.B.; Zambrano, S.C.
Fonte: Association of American Medical Colleges Publicador: Association of American Medical Colleges
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.98%
PURPOSE: To explore how junior doctors (doctors in postgraduate training) retrospectively perceived the influence of their undergraduate palliative care attachments (clinical electives) on their current medical practice. METHOD: From 2008 to 2013, 100 students participated in palliative care attachments at the University of Adelaide School of Medicine. In 2013, the authors invited 14 of these, now junior doctors, to be in this study. Participants took part in one-on-one, semistructured interviews. Interview data were analyzed for themes. RESULTS: Nine junior doctors participated. They were sent a summary of the findings to check whether the themes captured each participant's experiences. Eight replied and agreed. Two main themes were identified: (1) from apprehension to gaining a sense of control, and (2) gaining perspective on the practice of medicine. Participants perceived that the learning experiences from the attachments provided them with a sense of confidence and control over their interactions with dying patients and families. This positive influence not only was present when caring for patients at the end of life but also influenced the participants' identity as medical practitioners. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that junior doctors trained earlier in palliative care have enhanced competencies of professionalism...

HIV/AIDS Education in Health Professionals Training in the Philippines

Tawasil, John R.; Salvador, Vincent DG; Juban, Noel R.; Chan, Michael B.
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.04%
It is recognized by both private and public sectors that an adequate education plays an important part in stemming the spread of HIV. While the topic of sex education among primary and secondary schools remains a contentious issue for a predominantly Catholic country like the Philippines, teaching health professionals about HIV/AIDS is a vital part of the subject of infectious diseases. At present, there is a need to evaluate the current curriculum of health professionals in terms of the adequacy of the teaching about HIV/AIDS. This study was undertaken to review the present state of HIV/AIDS education in undergraduate health professionals' curriculum and to assess the response of local tertiary private hospitals to the emerging threat of HIV/AIDS. It analyzes the current situation of HIV/AIDS lectures and discussions in public tertiary education academic curricula of health professionals in the Philippines. It determines the perceptions of different stakeholders as to the sufficiency of the current level of lectures and discussions on HIV/AIDS. It describes the private hospital sector response to the HIV/AIDS problem. This study was divided into two parts. The first part dealt with the first and second objectives...

Mentors, students, and the undergraduate medical course: a virtuous circle; Tutores, alunos e o curso de graduação em medicina: um círculo virtuoso

BELLODI, Patrícia Lacerda
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
BACKGROUND: Mentoring Programs have been developed in several medical schools, but few studies have investigated the mentors'perspective. PURPOSES: To explore mentors'perceptions regarding their experience. METHODS: Mentors at a medical school were invited to participate in an in-depth interview including questions on satisfaction, difficulties, and perception of changes resulting from the program. RESULTS: Mentors' satisfaction and difficulties are strongly associated with students'involvement in the activity. Mentors believe changes observed in students were more related to life issues; for some mentors, there is no recognition or awareness of the program. However, most of the mentors acknowledged important changes in relation to themselves: as teachers, faculty members, and individuals. CONCLUSION: Attendance is crucial for both the mentoring relationship and strengthening of the program. Students involved in the activity motivate mentors in teaching and curriculum development, thereby creating a virtuous circle and benefiting undergraduate medical education as a whole.; CONTEXTO: Programas de Mentoring têm sido desenvolvidos em várias escolas médicas, mas poucos estudos investigam essa experiência sob a perspectiva dos mentores. OBJETIVOS: Explorar a percepção de mentores a respeito de suas experiências ao longo do tempo. MÉTODO: Mentores de uma escola médica foram convidados a participar de uma entrevista em profundidade que incluía questões sobre satisfação...

Instruction in developmental psychiatry: preliminary findings at the undergraduate level in Brazil; Educação em psiquiatria do desenvolvimento: resultados preliminares em estudantes de graduação no Brasil

MORAES, Erika Neves de Souza; SCIVOLETTO, Sandra; FOSSALUZA, Vitor; VIEIRA, Joaquim Edson; MIGUEL, Euripedes Constantino; ALVARENGA, Pedro Gomes de
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
BACKGROUND: Although knowledge on developmental psychiatry is fundamental for the early recognition, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders, this subject has not been incorporated into the medical curriculum or psychiatric practice in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a short course on developmental psychiatry for undergraduate students and to expand education policies concerning developmental psychiatry in Brazil. METHODS: Before and after attending an extracurricular 12-hour, 4-day course on the fundamentals of developmental psychiatry, undergraduate health sciences students were tested regarding their knowledge of the subject. The pre-test/post-test included 12 randomly selected multiple-choice questions designed to evaluate knowledge related to developmental psychiatry and was administered together with a questionnaire designed to evaluate students' attitudes. To compare performances between groups, nonparametric analyses of ordinal categorical data were employed. RESULTS: The final sample comprised 43 students. The mean post-test score was significantly higher than the mean pre-test score (65.0% vs 39.9%; p < 0.0001). We found that strongly positive attitudes correlated with better performance. The 3rd and 4th year medical students performed better than the 1st and 2nd year medical students and the non-medical students. Sex differences favoring males were also observed. CONCLUSION: Our findings encourage additional educational policies related to developmental psychiatry which may result in direct clinical implications.; CONTEXTO: Apesar de vital para o reconhecimento precoce...

Cardiothoracic Surgery League from University of São Paulo Medical School: twelve years in medical education experience; Doze anos de experiência em Educação Médica da Liga de Cirurgia Cardiotorácica da Universidade de São Paulo

FERNANDES, Flávio Guimarães; HORTÊNCIO, Lucas de Oliveira Serra; UNTERPERTINGER, Fernando do Valle; WAISBERG, Daniel Reis; PÊGO-FERNANDES, Paulo Manuel; JATENE, Fabio Biscegli
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.17%
INTRODUCTION: Academic Leagues (Academic Interest Group) are entities that belong to medical schools and their hospitals. Their goals are research, medical education and health care. The cardiothoracic Surgery League (Liga de Cirurgia Cardiotorácica - LCCT), University of São Paulo Medical School, was founded 12 years ago, aimed at providing undergraduate medical students an opportunity to expand knowledge in cardiothoracic surgery and to take part in scientific studies in the field. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the experience gained through LCCT implementation. METHODS: Current students and former members of LCCT were submitted to a specific evaluation form, delivered personally or by email, which provided data on the general opinion regarding LCCT's activities, the reasons for answers provided and choice of medical specialties. Furthermore, LCCT's total scientific production was evaluated. Results: Most undergraduate medical students 51/65 (78.5%) and former members 94/121 (77.7%) completed the form. The interest in Cardiothoracic Surgery was the most common reason for joining LCCT 44/161 (27.3%). Most students 32/51 (62.7%) - reported their initial expectations were partially met. Almost every member would recommend a fellow medical student to join LCCT 50/51 (98%) and 25/51 (49%) of them participated in a scientific project linked to LCCT. In total...

Médicos recém-formados: sólida formação geral ou sólida formação especializada?; Newly graduated doctors: solid general education or solid specialized training?

RIBEIRO, Rafael Casali; FONSECA-GUEDES, Cristina Helena Ferreira; NUNES, Maria do Patrocínio Tenório
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
OBJETIVO: Investigar os efeitos da especialização precoce - dedicação seletiva a uma especialidade médica no período de graduação - sobre a formação geral dos médicos recém-formados. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Candidatos ao processo seletivo a Programas de Residência Médica 2008 (PSPRM), formados na FMUSP em 2007 (universo = 163), destacados e agrupados por carreira pretendida (CP). Este estudo foca o desempenho no PSPRM e no histórico escolar. Análise intergrupos - candidatos a determinada CP x demais candidatos FMUSP e intragrupos - desempenho em diferentes áreas de conhecimento (AC) x média nas demais áreas. Coeficientes de correlação - entre fases do PSPRM e histórico. P < 0,05. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: Existe correlação entre histórico e PSPRM. De acordo com os dados investigados, houve tendência de especialização precoce em GO (obstetrícia e ginecologia), PQ (psiquiatria) e PED (pediatria), com prejuízo em áreas de conhecimento não diretamente relacionadas à carreira pretendida. Candidatos à CM (clínica médica) apresentaram desempenho globalmente superior ao dos demais nas provas e no histórico, possivelmente devido ao interesse mais abrangente por toda a Medicina, que levaria a uma formação mais ampla e sólida.; OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of early specialization (defined here as concentrated dedication to a single specialty during undergraduate medical school) on the general skills of newly graduated doctors. SAMPLE AND METHODS: Applicants for Admission to Medical Residency Programs at the University of São Paulo who had recently finished the undergraduate medical course at the same institution (n=163)...

Validação do metodo Decisões Clinicas e Oficinas Diagnosticas (DC/OD) para o ensino de graduação em medicina; Validation of the Clinical Decisions and Diagnostic Workshops (CD/DW) method for the medicine undergraduate course

Lucas Vilas Boas Magalhães
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/03/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
Objetivamos validar um modelo pedagógico para a graduação médica, original, nacional, embasado em concepções inovadoras, chamado método Decisões Clínicas e Oficinas Diagnosticas (DC/OD), verificar a eficácia do mesmo para a aquisição cognitiva e de competências clínicas e aferir opiniões sobre a proposta DC/OD. Estudo transversal, feito dentro da disciplina de neurologia da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (FCM/Unicamp). Após a definição da propriedade dos temas escolhidos (os quais atendiam às diretrizes curriculares nacionais para a graduação médica), foram elaborados três kits DC/OD, sobre Acidente Vascular Cerebral (AVC), Cefaléias e Convulsões/Epilepsias, fundamentados na bibliografia pertinente. O estudo, então, foi conduzido em duas partes: piloto e comparativo. A primeira iniciou-se pela análise semântica, de conteúdo e do valor pedagógica da proposta, feita por docentes de medicina, médicos e educadores. Após as adequações sugeridas pelos profissionais, os três kits foram aplicados a um subgrupo de 17 alunos do 4° ano de graduação médica da FCM, os quais registraram opiniões sobre a proposta. As sugestões dos alunos foram aplicadas ao material, se pertinentes...

Mentors, students, and the undergraduate medical course: a virtuous circle

Bellodi,Patrícia Lacerda
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Educação Médica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
BACKGROUND: Mentoring Programs have been developed in several medical schools, but few studies have investigated the mentors'perspective. PURPOSES: To explore mentors'perceptions regarding their experience. METHODS: Mentors at a medical school were invited to participate in an in-depth interview including questions on satisfaction, difficulties, and perception of changes resulting from the program. RESULTS: Mentors' satisfaction and difficulties are strongly associated with students'involvement in the activity. Mentors believe changes observed in students were more related to life issues; for some mentors, there is no recognition or awareness of the program. However, most of the mentors acknowledged important changes in relation to themselves: as teachers, faculty members, and individuals. CONCLUSION: Attendance is crucial for both the mentoring relationship and strengthening of the program. Students involved in the activity motivate mentors in teaching and curriculum development, thereby creating a virtuous circle and benefiting undergraduate medical education as a whole.

Cardiothoracic Surgery League from University of São Paulo Medical School: twelve years in medical education experience

Fernandes,Flávio Guimarães; Hortêncio,Lucas de Oliveira Serra; Unterpertinger,Fernando do Valle; Waisberg,Daniel Reis; Pêgo-Fernandes,Paulo Manuel; Jatene,Fabio Biscegli
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.17%
INTRODUCTION: Academic Leagues (Academic Interest Group) are entities that belong to medical schools and their hospitals. Their goals are research, medical education and health care. The cardiothoracic Surgery League (Liga de Cirurgia Cardiotorácica - LCCT), University of São Paulo Medical School, was founded 12 years ago, aimed at providing undergraduate medical students an opportunity to expand knowledge in cardiothoracic surgery and to take part in scientific studies in the field. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the experience gained through LCCT implementation. METHODS: Current students and former members of LCCT were submitted to a specific evaluation form, delivered personally or by email, which provided data on the general opinion regarding LCCT's activities, the reasons for answers provided and choice of medical specialties. Furthermore, LCCT's total scientific production was evaluated. Results: Most undergraduate medical students 51/65 (78.5%) and former members 94/121 (77.7%) completed the form. The interest in Cardiothoracic Surgery was the most common reason for joining LCCT 44/161 (27.3%). Most students 32/51 (62.7%) - reported their initial expectations were partially met. Almost every member would recommend a fellow medical student to join LCCT 50/51 (98%) and 25/51 (49%) of them participated in a scientific project linked to LCCT. In total...

Instruction in developmental psychiatry: preliminary findings at the undergraduate level in Brazil

Moraes,Erika Neves de Souza; Scivoletto,Sandra; Fossaluza,Vitor; Vieira,Joaquim Edson; Miguel,Euripedes Constantino; Alvarenga,Pedro Gomes de
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
BACKGROUND: Although knowledge on developmental psychiatry is fundamental for the early recognition, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders, this subject has not been incorporated into the medical curriculum or psychiatric practice in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a short course on developmental psychiatry for undergraduate students and to expand education policies concerning developmental psychiatry in Brazil. METHODS: Before and after attending an extracurricular 12-hour, 4-day course on the fundamentals of developmental psychiatry, undergraduate health sciences students were tested regarding their knowledge of the subject. The pre-test/post-test included 12 randomly selected multiple-choice questions designed to evaluate knowledge related to developmental psychiatry and was administered together with a questionnaire designed to evaluate students' attitudes. To compare performances between groups, nonparametric analyses of ordinal categorical data were employed. RESULTS: The final sample comprised 43 students. The mean post-test score was significantly higher than the mean pre-test score (65.0% vs 39.9%; p < 0.0001). We found that strongly positive attitudes correlated with better performance. The 3rd and 4th year medical students performed better than the 1st and 2nd year medical students and the non-medical students. Sex differences favoring males were also observed. CONCLUSION: Our findings encourage additional educational policies related to developmental psychiatry which may result in direct clinical implications.

A INCORPORAÇÃO DE RECURSOS DE SIMULAÇÃO NO CURSO DE GRADUAÇÃO EM MEDICINA DA FACULDADE DE MEDICINA DE RIBEIRÃO PRETO - USP; IMPLEMENTING SIMULATION-BASED EDUCATION IN THE MEDICAL UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAM AT THE RIBEIRÃO PRETO FACULTY OF MEDICINE, UNIVERSITY OF SÃO PAULO, BRAZIL

Troncon, Luiz Ernesto Almeida; Maffei, Cláudia Maria Leite
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2007 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
A Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP), desde o início do seu funcionamento em 1952, caracteriza-se pela inovação e pela busca da excelência no desempenho das suas atividades de ensino, pesquisa científica e de assistência à saúde da população. No curso de graduação em Medicina, esta busca tem se refletido em sucessivas mudanças da estrutura curricular e em esforços repetidos para a modernização dos métodos de ensino. Neste sentido, há várias décadas vem sendo introduzidas técnicas de simulação, envolvendo modelos, manequins e simuladores e, em menor escala, o uso de pacientes padronizados. No momento atual, aprovou-se revisão do projeto pedagógico do curso, com redefinição das competências gerais e específicas a serem adquiridas pelos formandos e o estabelecimento de metas a serem atingidas para a renovação dos métodos de ensino, de modo a que sejam oferecidas ao estudante oportunidades de aprendizado mais ativo. Dentre estas metas, prevê-se o investimento em laboratório de habilidades e na difusão das práticas de simulação aplicadas ao ensino e treinamento do estudante.; The Ribeirão Preto Faculty of Medicine (FMRP), since the early days of its medical undergraduate program in 1952...

Flexners ethical oversight reprised? Contemporary medical education and the health impacts of corporate globalization

Faunce, Thomas; Gatenby, Paul
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
BACKGROUND: Abraham Flexner's famous reports of 1910 and 1912, Medical Education in the United States and Canada and Medical Education in Europe, were written to assist the development of a positive response in university curricula to a revolution in understanding about the scientific foundations of clinical medicine. Flexner pointed out many deficiencies in medical education that retain contemporary resonance. Generally underemphasised in Flexner's reports, however, were recommendations promoting a firm understanding of and commitment to medical ethics as a basis of medical professionalism. Indeed, Flexner's praise for the scholastic basic of German medical education appeared somewhat ironic when the ethical inadequacies of prominent Nazi doctors were revealed at the Nuremberg Trials. CORPORATE GLOBALISATION AND ITS IMPACT ON MEDICAL PROFESSIONALISM: This article suggests that contemporary medical educators, like Flexner, may be at risk of inadequately addressing a major challenge to evolving medical professionalism. Medical ethics, health law and even the international right to health are now increasingly emphasised in medical curricula. The same cannot be said, however, of lobbying principles arising from the structures of corporate globalisation...

Cinema como recurso de educação em promoção da saúde; Cinema as a resource for education in health promotion

Sá, Eduardo Costa; Torres, Rafael Augusto Tamasauskas
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
The arts can and should be used as a resource in education, including undergraduate medicine. The aim of this paper is to review the literature on the role of cinema as a resource in medical education, including the promotion of health. We conducted a literature review in PUBMED and SciELO using the following descriptors: “Education, Medical”, “Motion Pictures as Topic” and “Cinema”. The research was conducted in two phases, the first we used the first two descriptors and in the second, the first and third descriptor, for “Cinema” was not found in DeCS bases and MeSH but because of the relevance of items with this theme, it was necessary to include it in the search. We selected only unpaid items published in the last 10 years in English and Portuguese. Among all selected scientific articles, authors, Brazilian or not, are unanimous in agreeing that the films presented to graduate students in medicine, with subsequent discussion, collaborate with their training, and stimulate thought relations with patients and their diseases, including emotional responses important. Finally, for content related to health promotion, it is possible to use the film for the graduate students in medicine, but there is still no specific material for this area.; na educação...

Improved education in musculoskeletal conditions is necessary for all doctors

Åkesson,Kristina; Dreinhöfer,Karsten E.; Woolf,A.D.
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
It is likely that everyone will, at some time, suffer from a problem related to the musculoskeletal system, ranging from a very common problem such as osteoarthritis or back pain to severely disabling limb trauma or rheumatoid arthritis. Many musculoskeletal problems are chronic conditions. The most common symptoms are pain and disability, with an impact not only on individuals’ quality of life but also, importantly, on people’s ability to earn a living and be independent. It has been estimated that one in four consultations in primary care is caused by problems of the musculoskeletal system and that these conditions may account for up to 60% of all disability pensions. In contrast, teaching at undergraduate and graduate levels - and the resulting competence and confidence of many doctors - do not reflect the impact of these conditions on individuals and society. Many medical students do not have any clinical training in assessing patients with bone and joint problems. Under the umbrella of the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010, experts from all parts of the world with an interest in teaching have developed recommendations for an undergraduate curriculum to improve the teaching of musculoskeletal conditions in medical schools. The goal for each medical school should be a course in musculoskeletal medicine concentrating on clinical assessment...