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A mediação cultural e a construção de uma vanguarda institucional: o caso da arte construtiva brasileira; Cultural mediation and the building of an institutional vanguard: the case of the brazilian constructive art

Bottallo, Marilucia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/06/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.57%
O presente trabalho levanta questões sobre algumas formas particulares de estruturação de um sistema profissional de produção cultural para as artes plásticas no eixo Rio de Janeiro São Paulo no período que coincide com um momento de florescimento político e econômico e se fortalece a partir da segunda metade dos anos 1940 e ao longo das décadas de 1950/1960. No que concerne especialmente aos museus de arte moderna, observou-se um fortalecimento institucional em torno do qual o sistema artístico brasileiro se estruturou. Para se chegar a essa conclusão foram analisados os aspectos estruturais (econômicos e políticos) centrados no eixo Rio de Janeiro São Paulo, e conjunturais, a partir das particularidades do fenômeno da arte da vanguarda construtiva brasileira. Foram consideradas as visões dos artistas nacionais em relação tanto à questão da arte de vanguarda como na sua relação com o museu. Consideramos, também, a Bienal como instituição, seu vínculo com os artistas e com o próprio MAM/SP no processo de divulgação da arte. Avaliamos a ação artística, peculiar pela presença das vanguardas construtivas, que envolvia grande participação dos artistas no cotidiano museológico. Além disso, consideramos o estreito diálogo que havia com os críticos que atuavam em veículos de comunicação. Como parte fundamental do estabelecimento de um sistema profissional de produção cultural...

Negócios da companhia com ações de sua emissão; Transactions by the company in its own shares

Dotto, Bruno di
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/04/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.45%
Depois de mais de 30 anos da edição da Lei 6.404, de 15 de dezembro de 1976 e da publicação da Instrução CVM 10, de 14 de fevereiro de 1980, volta novamente o regulador brasileiro a sua atenção para os benefícios e perigos dos negócios da companhia com ações de sua emissão. Tal se torna evidente pela publicação, em outubro de 2013, do Edital de Audiência Pública SDM 11/13, por meio do qual a Comissão de Valores Mobiliários pretende substituir a antiga regra aplicável às companhias abertas por uma nova, de conteúdo mais moderno e aderente à nova realidade. Desenvolveu-se durante o século XX e XXI o estudo dos negócios da companhia com as suas ações, admitindo-se cada vez mais numerosas exceções ao inicialmente duro e absoluto preceito proibitivo positivado originalmente pela Aktienrechtsnovelle alemã de 1870. O estudo das finanças sociais e o aprimoramento dos mecanismos de salvaguarda dos interesses protegidos no decorrer do século XX e XXI forçaram (e ainda forçam) a redefinição dos seus contornos jurídicos. No que diz respeito a estes negócios, ressaltam como interesses escudados aqueles dos credores, dos acionistas e do mercado de capitais (e os investidores que nele atuam) os grupos de referência (Bezugsgruppen) do direito societário. É na proteção de seus interesses que se fundamentam as normas que os regem: a utilização de saldo de lucros tutela os credores...

O campo enquanto mercado : um estudo sobre o cenário mercadológico de Porto Alegre (1990-2012)

Caldas, Felipe Bernardes
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.6%
Este trabalho possui como tema o mercado da arte em Porto Alegre entre as décadas de 1990 e 2000, com foco no que denominamos de mercado da arte contemporânea. Volta-se a uma abordagem a partir do produtor primário, em outras palavras, o artista. Ou seja, na tríade “produtor, intermediários e consumidor”, a perspectiva adotada está centrada no produtor. Possui como objetivo averiguar e compreender as mais variadas mercadorias produzidas e comercializadas pelos artistas, assim como sua inserção em um mercado de trabalho. Deste modo, esta pesquisa não se limita a considerar somente o processo de compra e venda de obras, mas se propõe a entender e refletir sobre como os artistas participam de um processo produtivo e mercadológico entre 1990 e 2012 em Porto Alegre. Para tal entendimento, constitui-se uma pesquisa interdisciplinar entre arte, sociologia e economia, tendo como aporte teórico Pierre Bourdieu, Domenico de Masi, Michael Hardt, André Gorz e Maurizio Lazzarato. A pesquisa foi constituída a partir de três vertentes. A primeira, via entrevistas com atores locais do campo artístico (artistas, colecionadores, galerista, curadores, professores universitários). A segunda, através de enquete disponibilizada e divulgada via internet...

Dealers, Insiders and Bandits: Learning and its Effects on Market Outcomes

Das, Sanmay
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 149 p.; 860631 bytes; 5532424 bytes; application/pdf; application/postscript
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.51%
This thesis seeks to contribute to the understanding of markets populated by boundedly rational agents who learn from experience. Bounded rationality and learning have both been the focus of much research in computer science, economics and finance theory. However, we are at a critical stage in defining the direction of future research in these areas. It is now clear that realistic learning problems faced by agents in market environments are often too hard to solve in a classically rational fashion. At the same time, the greatly increased computational power available today allows us to develop and analyze richer market models and to evaluate different learning procedures and algorithms within these models. The danger is that the ease with which complex markets can be simulated could lead to a plethora of models that attempt to explain every known fact about different markets. The first two chapters of this thesis define a principled approach to studying learning in rich models of market environments, and the rest of the thesis provides a proof of concept by demonstrating the applicability of this approach in modeling settings drawn from two different broad domains, financial market microstructure and search theory. In the domain of market microstructure...

Annual World Bank Conference On Development Economics 2006 : Growth and Integration

Bourguignon, François; Pleskovic, Boris
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.47%
The Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics (ABCDE) brings together the world s leading scholars and development practitioners for a lively debate on state-of-the-art thinking in development policy and the implications for the global economy. The 17th conference was held in Dakar, Senegal, on January 27, 2005. The theme of the conference was growth and integration, which was divided into five topics: growth and integration, financial reforms, economic development, trade and development, and investment climate.

Assessing the Impacts and Costs of Forced Displacement : Volume 1. A Mixed Methods Approach

Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, Elena; Ruiz, Isabel; Vargas-Silva, Carlos; Zetter, Roger
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.46%
Globally, over 40 million people have been forced to leave or flee their homes due to conflict, violence, and human rights violations either as refugees outside their country of origin or Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). A substantial number live in protracted displacement where return has not been possible.Forced displacement is a humanitarian crisis: but it also produces developmental impacts - short and longer term, negative and positive - affecting human and social capital, economic growth, poverty reduction efforts, environmental sustainability and societal fragility. A prevailing view is that refugees are a burden on the development aspirations of host countries and populations and that negative socio-economic and environmental impacts and costs outweigh the positive contributions (actual or potential) that forcibly displaced people might make. The losses incurred by the displaced populations themselves reinforce perceptions of vulnerability and dependency and thus assumptions of the burden they might impose. This study provides such a methodology. The development and drafting of the methodology and the state of the art literature review was conducted by the refugee studies centre...

The Art of Currency Manipulation : How to Profiteer by Deliberately Distorting Exchange Rates

Basu, Kaushik
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.64%
A frequent charge in foreign exchange markets in developing countries is that of manipulators being at work. Since to buy is to raise prices and to sell is to lower prices, the question that naturally arises is whether the widespread charge of market manipulation is valid. The paper shows that (whether or not "widespreadness" has any merit) it is possible for a player to manipulate and profiteer. By using some simple principles of game theory, the paper outlines a strategy that a manipulator may use. The aim of this paper is not to provide a manual for the manipulator but to enable the regulator to understand the art and develop policies to curb manipulation.

Some Thoughts on Making Long-term Forecasts for the World Economy

Fardoust, Shahrokh; Dhareshwar, Ashok
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.54%
Countries and international organizations working on longer-range development issues depend on long-term quantitative projections and scenario analysis. Such forecasting has become increasingly challenging, thanks to the rapid pace of globalization, technological progress, the interplay among them, and enhanced connectivity among people. As a result, seemingly isolated events can quickly lead to wide-ranging and lasting regional or even global consequences. This paper examines the problem of long-term economic forecasting in the face of increased complexity and uncertainty. With the benefit of hindsight, it scrutinizes past long-term qualitative and quantitative projections for the 1990s in order to draw lessons on how an institution can and should conduct long-term forecasting and policy analysis. The main conclusions are that policy makers and researchers across the world urgently need to see the big picture if they are to deal with the specific challenges and opportunities they will face over the long term as economies and global linkages undergo major structural changes under conditions of considerable uncertainty and volatility. Global institutions need to have strong research programs that work in close collaboration with other international organizations...

Drivers of Entrepreneurship and Post-entry Performance of Newborn Firms in Developing Countries

Quatraro, Francesco; Vivarelli, Marco
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.46%
The aim of this paper is to provide an updated survey of the "state of the art" in entrepreneurial studies with a particular focus on developing countries (DCs). In particular, the concept of "entrepreneurship" is critically discussed, followed by a discussion of the institutional, macroeconomic, and microeconomic conditions that affect the entry of new firms and the post-entry performance of newborn firms. The reviewed literature bears some policy implications for the support of the creation new firms, such as the targeting of policy measures to prospective entrepreneurs who possess high education levels, long previous job experience, and innovative skills. Specifically, for DCs, tailored subsidies and support should be coupled with framework and infrastructural policies that are able to improve the business environment such that new ventures can start and grow.

Applications of Multivariate Mixed Proportional Hazard Models in Labor and Population Economics; Anwendungen von Mixed Proportional Hazard-Modellen in der Arbeitsmarkt- und Bevölkerungsökonomik

Niedergesäss, Markus
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.55%
Duration analysis is one of the core subjects in microeconometrics and the number of available models has increased steadily over the last forty years. In labor and population economics, the Mixed Proportional Hazard (MPH) model and its multivariate extensions, the so-called Multivariate Mixed Proportional Hazard (MMPH) models, are state of the art and the most widely used models to estimate durations and their determinants. In particular, MMPH models allow for the estimation of several durations per individual. These durations may occur successively and past durations may influence future ones or they may occur and influence each other simultaneously. This thesis presents two applications of substantive MMPH models in labor and population economics that use comprehensive administrative data on individual employment histories and survey data on individual employment histories and other life course events. The dynamics in individual employment histories are of primary interest for the development of labor market policies. In a first application I use a MMPH model with competing risks of exit in order to estimate the form and magnitude of a variety of state dependence effects for prime aged men in Germany, These men are drawn from the Integrated Employment Biographies Sample of the Institute for Employment Research (IAB). I differentiate between three labor market states: employment...

The increasing relevance of the stock market in the world : a new scenario

Torrero Mañas, Antonio
Fonte: Universidad de Alcalá. Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social Publicador: Universidad de Alcalá. Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.43%
This document has three objectives: firstly, to register the quantitative and qualitative changes carried out in the securities market, especially in the stock exchange; secondly, to state the factors leading to changes in such an entity; and finally, to point out the economic and social consequences that could arise from this new scenario. This working paper is part of a wider research entitled ¿BUBBLES AND INSTABILITY¿, which is intended to try and clarify the reasons why the bubbles, especially financial bubbles, are a current issue and one of the main aspects to be considered within these phenomena. The first preview of this current document was published in the same collection: Bubbles and Instability: The State of the Art. Working Paper no. 3/2004. This will be released in Análisis Financiero (2005).

Economic and financial analysis of the portuguese art market

Nabais, Débora Amaral de Matos
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
115.71%
A Dissertation presented in partial fullfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master in Art Markets Management / JEL Classifications: D400 Market Structure and Pricing D440 Auctions G100 General Financial Markets Z11 Economics of the Arts and Literature; The object of this dissertation aims to assess the profitability of twelve leading Portuguese art market companies from the two markets – primary and secondary/tertiary – by comparing the economic and financial data of each company with companies from the same sector. It begins with the characterization of the art market and by identifying the differences between the global art market and the domestic market, in order to justify the delay in the development and growth of the Portuguese art market. The study proceeds with data from public and private support to the arts and culture, showing a slow assertion of the arts as an actor and promoter of the cultural, social and economic development of a nation. Finally there is a study based on financial data from twelve contemporary art galleries, antique shops and auction houses, from 2010 to 2013, which goal is to explain the economic viability of this small market, its evolution during this period, and its future trends. The fluctuation and low level of results point out to an unstable and unpredictable market...

Dealers, insiders and bandits : learning and its effects on market outcomes

Das, Sanmay, 1979-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 149 p.
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.51%
This thesis seeks to contribute to the understanding of markets populated by boundedly rational agents who learn from experience. Bounded rationality and learning have both been the focus of much research in computer science, economics and finance theory. However, we are at a critical stage in defining the direction of future research in these areas. It is now clear that realistic learning problems faced by agents in market environments are often too hard to solve in a classically rational fashion. At the same time, the greatly increased computational power available today allows us to develop and analyze richer market models and to evaluate different learning procedures and algorithms within these models. The danger is that the ease with which complex markets can be simulated could lead to a plethora of models that attempt to explain every known fact about different markets. The first two chapters of this thesis define a principled approach to studying learning in rich models of market environments, and the rest of the thesis provides a proof of concept by demonstrating the applicability of this approach in modeling settings drawn from two different broad domains, financial market microstructure and search theory. In the domain of market microstructure...

Essays in applied financial economics

Ruben, Erik Charles
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 110 p.
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.48%
This dissertation is composed of three chapters. The first demonstrates that natural gas violates many of the simplifying assumptions frequently used in modeling its behavior. Careful analysis of futures contracts written on gas suggests that gas prices are seasonal while returns are non-Gaussian and evidence stochastic volatility. In addition, examination of options prices indicates the intermittent presence of jumps. We find that models which disregard these properties struggle to recover options prices with any precision. Thus, we propose an alternative nonparametric approach to gas options pricing that captures these salient features while also shedding light on the nature of risk aversion embedded in gas markets. The second chapter offers a parametric approach to pricing derivatives written on natural gas futures designed to overcome the shortcomings of existing parametric schemes. First, it proposes a model of the underlying futures prices that admits stochastic volatility. Second, it makes use of a state-of-the-art Bayesian particle filtering technique to estimate the underlying process parameters along with a simulation-based technique for option pricing. While it trades off some performance relative to nonparametric approaches...

Law, Commerce, and the Rise of New Imagery in Antwerp, 1500-1600

Mayhew, Robert A.
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.58%

Marinus Van Reymerswaele's painting of 1542, The Lawyer's Office, was a completely new type of image in the history of art. It shows a lawyer and his assistant behind a desk strewn with briefs, wax seals and money. A complex set of historical circumstances at the interface of art, economics, and legal history in sixteenth century Antwerp explain this painting's appearance and significance. In the beginning of the sixteenth century, Antwerp became a locus of unprecedented artistic production caused by the dramatic growth of its mercantile population, its highly organized commercial infrastructure, and its competitive business atmosphere. These developments stimulated a new sophistication in the art market and an energetic approach to acquiring and collecting, supported by publicly-funded venues to mass-market paintings. Over the course of the sixteenth century, artists invented new subjects to meet public demand. Many of these were radically new. One of these artists, Marinus Van Reymerswaele (c. 1490-1546) made distinctive paintings of lawyers, bankers, and moneychangers which relate to fundamental changes in the legal and commercial infrastructure in the sixteenth century. In just one generation, the Habsburg authority centralized the political and legal landscape in the Netherlands. As the prized economic and cultural center of Habsburg territories...

"Strategy sort of died around April last year for a lot of us": CIO perceptions on ICT value and strategy in the UK financial sector

Scott, Susan V.; Zachariadis, M.
Fonte: Department of Information Systems, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Department of Information Systems, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /03/2003 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.37%
The role of the Chief Information Officer (CIO) is one of facilitating executive decisions regarding the innovations, provision and use of state-of-the-art Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The aim of this paper is to investigate CIO perceptions of strategy and ICT investment through qualitative interviews with CIOs from leading UK financial sector organizations. We were keen to find out how these executives strategise wile coping with the increasing ubiquity and complexity of ICT on one hand and hyper business pressures on the other. As the title suggests, we found that recent changes in the market conditions, as well as in the trust bestowed technology as an agent for radical change, have had serious consequences for the perceptions of risk, strategy and ICT investment. CIOs expressed the dot-com boom to bust transition in terms of a shift from a higher-risk, top-down technology led strategy centred on killer applications towards a lower-risk, bottom-up, organic approach to strategy with the purpose of providing open, user driven enabling infrastructures for competitive advantage. We also note the implications of these trends for the value assessment activity and the enhanced value skill base which information age professionals would increasingly need.

All politics is local: sources of variance in the diffusion of venture capital policies

Klingler-Vidra, Robyn
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /04/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.37%
The diffusion of the neoliberal Silicon Valley venture capital (“VC”) model seems to be another case of convergence on neoliberal orthodoxy as the spread of Silicon Valley replication ambitions is ubiquitous. But, when looking under the veneer of the Silicon Valley VC policy diffusion trend, I find that VC policy diffusion is not a story of “universal convergence.” Though more than 40 states deployed VC policies in an attempt to create local Silicon Valleys, the policies they implemented took different, and interventionist, forms. This thesis seeks explain why variance, rather than convergence, characterizes the diffusion of this clear, successful model. Diffusion scholarship has made initial attempts at theorizing why and how diffusion does not lead to complete convergence. This thesis contributes to this growing body of work by conceptualizing and investigating how bounded rationality drives incomplete convergence. To do this, the thesis extends Kurt Weyland’s work on cognitive biases to by testing how five economic management norms shape the Silicon Valley VC policy diffusion: (1) pre-existing norms guiding state intervention, (2) private sector financing norms, (3) preferences for supporting large or small companies...

The art of Mexican cooking. Culinary agency and social dynamics in Milpa Alta, Mexico.

Adapon, Leonora Joy
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.37%
Drawing on Alfred Cell's 'art nexus' theory, this dissertation considers cooking as a kind of artistic practice. The focus of this study is the culinary culture of barbacoa-makers in the community of Barrio San Mateo, Milpa Alta in Mexico City. Mexican cuisine is analysed at three levels - the social and culinary contexts of the production and consumption of barbacoa; the daily life of women and especially their domestic cooking tasks; and the dynamics of hospitality, as expressed in the cycle of fiestas. Barbacoa is pit-roast lamb, and the production of it is an important means of livelihood in San Mateo (along with the cultivation of nopales, and other agricultural activities). Barbacoa - which is served during fiestas, and also eaten in the market on Sundays and holidays - is produced by married couples whose social environment both creates and is created by the practices surrounding the preparation of the dish. The division of labour observed in making barbacoa is directly related to normative gender roles, i.e. those performed in the normal domestic context. Women are associated with cooking, which includes making salsas and other foods which require laborious culinary input. They appear to be restricted both by the expectations of men and by the demands of the kitchen. But male and female gender roles are shown...

The art of the almost impossible: three essays on the political economy of structural reforms in Europe

Freier, Maximilian
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.43%
The Introduction – together with the conclusion – provides a framework for the three substantial contributions of this PhD project. It begins with sketching a puzzle that motivates research on the political economy of structural reforms in Europe, namely the inconsistency between the commitment of governments to reform and the actual reform track record across the countries. It discusses the nature and findings of the relevant multidisciplinary political economy literature. Paper One addresses the puzzle why the first major post-war overhaul of the German political economy – the ‘Agenda 2010’ reforms – was undertaken in 2003 by a social-democratic government and not by any of the conservative governments that preceded it. It finds that the lack of government cohesion, the federal legislative system and corporatist structures remain important determinants for institutional stability and change in Germany. Paper Two develops a theoretical argument as to why corporatist European economies may live through extended periods of economic underperformance without significant reform. Building on this argument, it presents a formal model, from which it derives a set of determinants for structural reforms, and finally illustrates these by exploring the causes for reform in Germany and Sweden. Paper Three uses a new database on labour market reform to show that corporatist structures have an intermediating effect on the determinants of structural reform policies. It finds evidence that the interests of employer organisations and trade unions matter for the labour market reform trajectories in countries with corporatist features. Political partisanship and economic crises matter more in pluralist countries. Finally...

Non-market valuation using stated preferences: applications in the water sector

Metcalfe, Paul J.
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /04/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.43%
This thesis is concerned with the application of stated preference methods to non-market valuation problems. It reviews the literature on the state of the art of the method, and applies the techniques to three applications in the water sector. In the first application, estimates are presented of the value to households in England and Wales of improvements to the quality of water in the natural environment. The need for value estimates arises from the European Community Water Framework Directive, which drives water policy across the European Union. Area based values were generated to maximise the potential for subsequent policy incorporation and value transfer. These were found to vary from £2,263 to £39,168 per km 2 depending on the population density around the location of the improvement, the ecological scope of that improvement, and the value elicitation method employed. The second application investigates the cost of drought water use restrictions to households and businesses in London. Estimates of willingness to pay for service quality increments often play an important role in the decisions of regulators and regulated companies in industries where consumers have little opportunity to exercise their preferences for service quality. The estimates presented in this chapter are particularly applicable to regulatory appraisals of water company investment expenditure and to planning applications for projects to improve the resilience of urban water supply systems. The final application examines the reliability of values measured before an economic downturn for application during the downturn via analysis of near identical surveys conducted before...