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State, Market and Community: The Portuguese Economy in The Networks of Contemporary Governance

Reis, José
Fonte: Centro de Estudos Sociais Publicador: Centro de Estudos Sociais
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
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The Portuguese economy registered several significant transformations in recent decades, after the democratic revolution (1974) and the EEC accession (1986). A deep integration in the EU and an original and unexpected context of Iberian integration are important elements of the new picture. The changes in specialization, the emergence of a public service economy, the centrality of financial external relations, and the new condition of Portugal as a net foreign investor and as a country of immigration are some of the main processes that are relevant for the analysis of Portuguese economic governance in this period. This analysis involves studying the mechanisms of coordination of collective action. The State, as the agent of the ‘relational order’, the market, as an increasingly narrow place of governance, and the community, as the expression of Portuguese specificities, are considered in this paper as major institutional arrangements and the bases of economic governance.

A posição do Brasil na governança econômica global: um estudo da conformidade entre o posicionamento do governo brasileiro e o consenso expresso nos comunicados oficiais do G20 e do FMI (2006-2012); The position of Brazil in global economic governance: a study on the conformity between the position of the brazilian government and the consensus expressed in official communiqués of the G20 and the IMF (2006-2012)

Lima, Marcelo Waldvogel Oliveira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/03/2013 PT
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No presente contexto de redistribuição de poder e da consequente reorganização da ordem mundial, as economias emergentes têm gradualmente alcançado maior espaço nas deliberações multilaterais a respeito da governança econômica global. Esta ascensão tem ocorrido em níveis e ritmos distintos em diferentes instâncias da governança econômica global, como, por exemplo, no âmbito do FMI e do G20. Estas instituições internacionais, ainda que diferentes em sua composição, formalização, estrutura e governança, possuem aspectos importantes de sua missão que se sobrepõem, como o diálogo multilateral a respeito de políticas macroeconômicas e a promoção da estabilidade econômica e financeira mundial. Considerando que as economias emergentes têm investido na consolidação de seu recém-adquirido status no sistema internacional, este estudo pretende avançar na compreensão da sua atuação nestas instituições internacionais por meio de uma análise comparativa da configuração institucional do FMI e do G20. Na segunda parte deste estudo, partindo do fato de que as economias emergentes têm empreendido esforços para que as instituições internacionais aprimorem seu modelo de representatividade, no sentido de refletir em suas decisões as posições específicas destes países...

Demanding Good Governance : Lessons from Social Accountability Initiatives in Africa

McNeil, Mary; Malena, Carmen
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
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This is a challenging time for Africa. The combined effects of the global economic crisis, the need for equitable allocation of natural resource assets, and the ever-changing balance of influence and power between the developed and developing worlds are requiring African countries to re-evaluate their governance structures. "Social accountability," as defined in this book, is an approach to enhancing government accountability and transparency. It refers to the wide range of citizen actions to hold the state to account, as well as actions on the part of government, media, and other actors that promote or facilitate these efforts. Social accountability strategies and tools help empower ordinary citizens to exercise their inherent rights and to hold governments accountable for the use of public funds and how they exercise authority. Global experience has shown that such initiatives can be catalytic and that they increasingly play a critical role in securing and sustaining governance reforms that strengthen transparency and accountability. The case studies presented in this book represent a cross-section of African countries...

Initiatives Supporting Demand for Good Governance Across World Bank Group Sectors and Regions

Chase, Robert S.; Anjum, Anushay
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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This preliminary stocktaking report on the demand for good governance is an effort of the Demand For Good Governance (DFGG) peer learning network to bring together and highlight the wealth of existing knowledge and practices currently available to support DFGG across the World Bank. This report puts forth a framework with key principles for organizing the complex universe of DFGG efforts across sectors and regions. The paper also identifies entry-points areas of development assistance and illustrates a few good practice examples supporting and strengthening DFFG for the World Bank as it builds its understanding of the areas where the institution can scale-up these activities. This report identifies a wide-range of activities supporting DFGG, however, it is worthwhile to note some challenges in collecting information on these activities. The report provides a more detailed review of the overall findings of DFGG work across the Bank. This paper constitute the following sections: an overview of the key DFGG elements in the organizing framework; entry-points for strengthening demand for good governance with case study examples; summary of key findings of the stocktaking; and finally...

Economic policy, institutions and fisheries development in the Pacific

Petersen, Elizabeth
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 157534 bytes; 354 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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The South Pacific is home to the world’s largest and most valuable tuna fishery. Despite this, the Pacific island countries have found it tremendously difficult to capture significant economic rents from the resource. It is argued in this paper that poor economic policy partly explains this. However, poor policies are preventing the implementation of strong, cost-effective institutions for the governance of the fishery which, coupled with strong institutions for broad social and economic governance, are required for development of the industry. Opportunities for policy reform that is likely to lead to significant gains from the fishery are highlighted.; no

Governance for sustainable development: strategic issues and principles for Indigenous Australian communities

Dodson, Mick; Smith, Diane E.
Fonte: ANU, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research (CAEPR); www.anu.edu.au/caepr/ Publicador: ANU, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research (CAEPR); www.anu.edu.au/caepr/
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 35 pages
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This Discussion Paper examines the concepts of ‘governance’, ‘good governance’ and ‘sustainable development’ in the context of Australian Indigenous communities and regions. It explores the hypothesis that there is vital link between governance and sustainable development. The first half of the paper defines the key concepts and reviews the existing barriers facing Indigenous communities and their organisations in securing sustainable socioeconomic development. It identifies the key ingredients of successful development and then those over which Indigenous Australians actually have some local control. On the premise that it is best to make a start in areas where local control can be exercised, building ‘good governance’ is identified as the key ingredient—the foundation stone—for building sustainable development in communities and regions. The second half of the paper then proposes a set of key ingredients and core principles which Indigenous communities might use to build more effective governance. These draw on the professional and field experience of the authors and other Australian research, the international findings of the Harvard Project in the USA, and the Gitxsan leader Neil Sterritt’s applied research on governance with Canadian First Nations.

Governance in Vanuatu: in search of the Nakamal way

Huffer, Elise; Molisa, Grace
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 94341 bytes; 361 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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There has been much talk of governance in the South Pacific in the past few years. Indeed, it seems that governance has become the political and economic message of the late 1990s, much as ‘sustainable development’ was that of the early 1990s. The messengers are the premier international organisations such as the World Bank, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, the United Nations and the International Monetary Fund relayed in the South Pacific by prominent bilateral donors, such as Australia, New Zealand and Great Britain. Although the message of governance is relevant globally, it has been essentially directed at the developing world. It is, as such, currently having an impact on the Pacific islands. Like many new and widespread concepts before it, governance will be absorbed and ‘recycled’ by Pacific island governments and administrations. It may prove to be only an empty, ‘flavour of the month’ (Williams and Young 1994) expression used by Pacific officials as and when deemed necessary to satisfy aid donors. In this case governance will have an effect only in the context of Pacific island countries’ relations with larger powers and will not provoke fundamental or far-reaching changes on how Pacific societies actually govern themselves. On the other hand...

Cultures of Governance and the Governance of Culture : Indigenous Australians and the State

Smith, Diane Evelyn
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
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This PhD Thesis By Publication poses two concepts – ‘cultures of governance’ and the ‘governance of culture’ – as tropes by which to analyse the contemporary condition of Indigenous governance. The thesis publications enable a theoretical understanding of Indigenous governance as being culturally self-referential field of meshed nodal networks, and as also influentially shaped by its intercultural articulation with the governmentality of the Australian state. In doing so, concepts of governance, governmentality, field, power, agency, legitimacy, network, culture and intercultural are investigated and theoretically refined. Eight published papers are presented which have valuable synergies between them. They are laid out under five Parts which focus on particular aspects of governance and governmentality. The publications provide extensive ethnographic evidence and analyses derived from long-term fieldwork undertaken over a period of 37 years in rural, urban and remote Indigenous locations across Australia, as well as with governments and their departments. These provide the bases upon which a cohesive theoretical framework is newly developed by way of the thesis conclusion. On a more pragmatic level, the Conclusion also highlights he significance of that framework for the ongoing relationship between Indigenous Australians and the state...

Law and politics in Europe’s crisis : on the history of the impact of an unfortunate configuration

JOERGES, Christian
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
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European Integration was constructed as a primarily economic project. In its formative phase ordoliberal scholars started to promote the understanding of the ensemble of European economic freedoms togther with a system of undistorted competition as the legal framework and normative core of the EEC, i.e. as Europe’s ‘economic’ constitution. Economic and Monetary Union as institutionalized by the Maastricht Treaty were expected to complete this project. However, the whole edifice started to erode immediately after its establishment. Following the financial and the sovereign debt crises, EMU with its commitments to price stability and its focus on monetary politics is by now widely perceived as a failed construction precisely because of its reliance on inflexible rules. The European crisis management seeks to compensate these failures by regime which disregards the European order of competences, des-empowers national institutions and burdens in particular Southern Europe with austerity measures. This new mode of economic governance establishes pan-European commitments to budgetary discipline and macroeconomic balancing. The ideal of an ordering of the European economy ‘through law’ is thereby abolished while the economic and social prospects of these efforts seem gloomy and the Union’s political legitimacy is eroding.

New governance in the EU after the Euro crisis : retired or re-born?

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
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This working paper discusses the future of the EU’s ‘new governance’ paradigm, as a particular category of the EU’s legal acts in light of developments in EU economic governance following the Euro crisis. It advances both an empirical and a normative argument. While EU economic governance ‘after’ the euro crisis would seem to carry ‘hard law’ elements, the paper’s key empirical claim is that ‘post’ euro-crisis economic governance has generalized central elements of the new governance paradigm into an increasingly central domain of EU policy-making. Policy-makers have turned to an enhanced form of new governance as a way of managing complex, multi-level problems which traditional command and control regulation could not solve. Normatively, however, some of the more promising aspects of the new governance legacy – its experimental focus on policy innovation and mutual learning between states – is precisely the aspect of the new governance paradigm post-crisis economic decision-making seems to have left behind. New governance is used in the economic field not to promote learning or experimentation between states but to foster greater harmonization and convergence in fiscal performance. Learning the lessons of new governance’s past may be vital in securing a central (and positive) place for new governance instruments within the EU’s future constitutional landscape.

Sovereign debt crisis and the use of the community method in the making of EU responses (2010-2011) : the six-pack case on economic governance reform

Valle-Flôr, Maria Amélia Monteiro de Sacadura Garcia
Fonte: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão Publicador: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2015 ENG
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Doutoramento em Estudos de Desenvolvimento; In early 2010, the weak design of the Economic and Monetary Union and the tools for economic governance provided by the Treaty of Lisbon proved to be inadequate for preventing or resolving the European sovereign debt crisis. Up to December2011, the EU response comprised legislative files aiming to reform economic governance and the establishment of financial supervision and stabilization mechanisms. Drawing on new institutionalism theories, namely rational choice and historical institutionalism, this research’s main objective is to investigate the use of the Community method in the responses to the EUcrisis. Some of the responses, found within the EU framework, suchasthe ‘SixaPack’adopted in 2011 to streng then the Union´s economic governance, saw the Commission´s role as formal agenda setter- the key feature of the Community method-being challenged by the set up of a Task Force presided by the President of the European Council Van Rompuy. Other responses, found through intergovernmental agreements, are perceived to ascribe a much more central role to supranational institutions like the European Commission and the European Court of Justice, strengthening this way the Community method. The focus on a qualitative case study of economic governance reform highlights the role of the European Parliament in the ‘SixaPack’ legislative process and builds on a novel conceptualization of the Principal-Agent model. Theanalysis covers not only the ‘SixaPack’ agenda setting phase...

The Struggle of the European Parliament to Participate in the New Economic Governance

FASONE, Cristina
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
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This paper aims to analyse the European Parliament's position in the aftermath of the reform of the economic governance in the European Union, in particular after the adoption of the “six-pack” and the “Fiscal Compact”. References are made to the involvement of the European Parliament in the decision-making process that led to the adoption of the new measures as well as to the substantive role assigned to this institution in the new regulatory framework. The paper argues that the new provisions, which actually limit the European Parliament’s “task” to the participation in the economic dialogue and in the interparliamentary co-operation, can jeopardise the effectiveness of the landmark principle of ‘No taxation without parliamentary representation’.

The rise of a fiscal Europe? : negotiating Europe's new economic governance

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
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The Florence School of Banking & Finance is a European platform bringing together practitioners and academics from the Banking and Finance sector to develop a common culture of regulation and supervision in the European Union.; The Eurozone crisis brought the question of public finance oversight sharply into focus. In February 2010, as the global financial crisis morphed into a deep crisis of the single currency, the attendant problems were framed as fiscal profligacy in the Eurozone state of Greece. Over the next four years, as the Union struggled to bring the acute phase of the crisis to an end, the question of Eurozone economic governance came to the fore. Agreement was reached on a host of new regulations – Six-Pack, Fiscal Compact and Two-Pack – designed to oversee the public finances and macro-economy of the member states, particularly members of the Eurozone. Without the crisis there would have been no pressure to reform the economic governance regime or to agree on the Fiscal Compact, which was negotiated outside the formal treaty framework. An important feature of the EU’s crisis response was the parallel negotiations on crisis management (bail-outs and other rescue instruments) and crisis prevention, ushering in a new regulatory framework for economic governance. It was politically necessary to address both the immediate crisis and the future economic governance of the Eurozone simultaneously. The negotiations on economic governance involved intense negotiations among the member states and EU institutions in the heat of the crisis. The negotiations required the deployment of different legal instruments and the relative weights of different EU institutions varied depending on the negotiations in question.

Multilevel Governance of Interdependent Public Goods: Theories, rules and institutions for the central policy challenge in the 21st Century

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
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This publication includes papers of an interdisciplinary conference in 2011 analysing multilevel governance problems of the international trading, environmental, development and rule-of-law systems as interdependent ‘aggregate public goods’. It begins with policy-oriented analyses from leading practitioners on the ‘gap between theory and practice’ in multilevel governance. The analyses of the ‘collective action problems’ are supplemented by case-studies on the world trading, environmental, development and related rule-of-law systems. Apart from assessing existing multilevel governance arrangements (such as the G20 meetings), the conference papers explore alternative strategies for rendering multilevel governance more effective, for instance by promoting public-private partnerships, empowering private actors through stronger cosmopolitan rights, enhancing legal-judicial accountability of governments and by promoting overall coherence through transnational rule-of-law systems. The papers explore emerging principles for multilevel political governance (like ‘responsible sovereignty’, unilateral protection of ‘common concerns’) as well as new forms of multilevel judicial governance strengthening transnational rule-of-law in international trade...

West Bank and Gaza - Improving Governance and Reducing Corruption

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: City Development Strategy (CDS)
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In the past decade, the Palestinian Authority (PA) has worked to strengthen economic governance and combat corruption, both essential to sustained economic growth and improved delivery of public services. This report finds the PA has made significant progress in its public institutions, establishing a strong governance environment in many critical areas. But it also identifies areas where reforms are underway but incomplete or, in some areas, not yet under consideration. Major reforms have been put in place to strengthen the PA's public financial management (PFM) systems and better manage its equity holdings, two crucial components in the public finance sector. In other important areas, such as public procurement, public sector employment, regulation of the private sector, and the work of anti-corruption institutions, reforms are underway but have not been fully implemented. This analysis relies on an understanding of the relationship between good economic governance, public service delivery, and corruption. Studies show a direct correlation between weak governance systems and the quality of public service delivery. Weak governance systems...

Trading on faith: religious movements and informal economic governance in Nigeria

Meagher, Kate
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 EN; EN
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The pressures of economic crisis and reform that have gripped African societies have been accompanied by a proliferation of new religious movements. Amid concerns about the political impact of religious revivalism, little attention has been devoted to their economic implications. Focusing on the remarkable coincidence between the withdrawal of the state, the rise of religious movements, and the dramatic expansion of the informal economy, this paper examines the role of religious revivalism in processes of informal economic governance and class formation in contemporary Africa. Against the background of the historical role of religion in the development of market institutions across the continent, it traces the dynamics of religious revivalism and informal economic regulation in two regions of Nigeria. Rather than representing a return to occultist or patrimonial impulses, new religious movements reveal distinctly Weberian tendencies. However, modernising tendencies fostered within the informal economy by popular religious revivalism are being stunted by the relentless pressures of liberalisation, globalisation and pseudo-democratisation. Progressive religious tendencies among the poor are being instrumentalised by religious entrepreneurs and political elites...

The United States after unipolarity: the United States and international economic governance

Joyce, Joseph P.
Fonte: LSE IDEAS, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: LSE IDEAS, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2011 EN; EN
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Among the unexpected outcomes of the global financial crisis of 2008-9 has been the end of the domination of international economic governance by the U.S.US and other upperincome countries through the forum of the G7, and its replacement by the G20. The depth and breadth of the economic contraction required a broader response than the advanced economies alone could provide, and its origin in financial markets in the United States undermined its support for neoliberal policies. Now that the global crisis has passed, the G20 must demonstrate whether it can serve as an effective forum for monitoring and managing the global economy.

The EU’s new economic governance lacks democratic legitimacy. The rise and fall of the EU Constitutional Treaty can teach policy-makers how to solve this problem

Crum, Ben
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/05/2012 EN; EN
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With the development of new EU economic governance in the form of the Fiscal Compact, calls for the reform of the EU’s political structures are now resurgent. Ben Crum argues that the rise and fall of the EU Constitutional Treaty can teach policy-makers which measures need to be undertaken and that a systematic vision on how European integration can complement national governing capacities rather than erode them is needed.

International economic governance and human rights accountability

Salomon, Margot E.
Fonte: Department of Law, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Department of Law, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /10/2007 EN; EN
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The focus on development and poverty reduction by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund has increased the scope, and opportunity, for these influential international financial institutions to consider the human rights implications of their policy-based operations. Some notable advances have been made, such as greater attention by the Bank to the links between securing human rights and economic growth. Still, the negative impact these institutions themselves may have on the exercise of basic socio-economic rights by people in borrowing countries, due to the particular policies they pursue, has not been acknowledged. Given the functioning of international economic governance today it is necessary to consider the human rights accountability, not just of the developing states, but of international actors that influence the direction of their social and economic policies.

Project governance: "schools of thought"

Bekker,Michiel C
Fonte: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences Publicador: South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
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The terminology, definition and context of project governance have become a focal subject for research and discussions in project management literature. This article reviews literature on the subject of project governance and categorises the arguments into three schools of thought namely the single-firm school, multi-firm school and large capital governance school. The single-firm school is concerned with governance principles related to intra-organisational projects and practice these principles at a technical level. The multifirm school addresses the governance principles concerned with two of more organisations participating on a contractual basis on the same project and focuses its governance efforts at the technical and strategic level. The large capital school considers projects as temporary organisations, forming their own entity and establishing governance principles at an institutional level. From these schools of thought it can be concluded that the definition of project governance is a function of stakeholder complexity and functional positioning in the organisation. It is also evident that further research is required to incorporate other governance variables and related theories such as transaction theory, social networks and agency theory. The development of project governance frameworks should also consider the complexity of projects spanning across international companies...