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Desenvolvimento de metodologia para cálculo de ecoindicadores para indústrias químicas; Development of methodology for calculation of ecoindicators for chemical industries

Palmeira, Vito Alexandre Araújo
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; Brasil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Química; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; Brasil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Química; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação
Relevância na Pesquisa
With the press of the society on environmental issues and the requirement to produce more using fewer resources, became necessary to develop a way for companies to measure their environmental impacts. An instrument for examining the sustainability of the industry that indicates a relationship between economic activities and their cost or environmental impact is to use ecoindicators, also known as eco-efficiency indicators. The indicators are based on principles that ensure their environmental relevance, accuracy and usability in every business worldwide. The primary goal is to improve business performance and monitor it with verifiable measurements and thus relevant for both business managers and for the various stakeholders. The ecoindicators show themselves as been an important tool in the management of companies, assisting in the identification of waste and unnecessary, so the environment as the economy affects the business. With detailed analysis can assess opportunities for improvement, monitor performance and set goals based on the results. Currently many companies in the industrial chemical sector use the eco-indicators as a way to track the evolution of its environmental efficiency based on its own history. The challenge is to establish a standard for the calculation of ecoindicators for business or industrial unit and it becomes possible to obtain figures that represent the reality of the environmental efficiency of the business. That would be extremely advantageous to companies because it values the initiatives to reduce unnecessary consumption and environmental impacts associated with the production...