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Obesidade, hábitos alimentares e estilos de vida da população de Leiria

Dixe, Maria dos Anjos; Catarino, Helena
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Leiria Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Leiria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.3%
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of obesity, determine health habits, eating habits and lifestyles in the population of the district of Leiria and determine some predictors of obesity in the same population. Methodology: We implemented a quantitative correlational cross-sectional non-experimental study. The sample for this study was composed of 36, 2% (183) man and 67, 4% (378) women with mean age of 39.4 years old (SD=6,7) who answered a questionnaire composed by: socio-demographic data, eating habits, life styles, anthropometric date and blood pressure. The participants of this study attended the community health centers in Leiria’s district during 2009. Results: 48, 3% (261) of the participants are overweight. Obese people are older and, most of them, have higher values of systolic and diastolic pressure and waist circumference when compared with those who had normal weight (p ≤0,01). BMI is not correlated with physical activity, emotional state and eating behaviour (p>0,05) except for the consumption of snacks at meals and breakfast. Conclusion: Obesity is an important public health problem that requires a continuous effort to control because it is an important risk factor for the development and worsening of other diseases.

Porque comemos o que comemos? Determinantes psicossociais da selecção alimentar

Silva, Isabel; Ribeiro, José Luís Pais; Cardoso, Helena
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Psicologia da Saúde Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Psicologia da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.55%
Este artigo apresenta uma breve análise sobre os determinantes psicossociais do comportamento alimentar. É essencial compreendermos os factores subjacentes às escolhas alimentares dos indivíduos, isto é, compreendermos porque é que comemos os alimentos que comemos e porque comemos a quantidade de alimentos que comemos, se pretendemos intervir neste domínio, seja ao nível da promoção da saúde, seja ao nível da prevenção ou tratamento da doença. No presente trabalho, apresenta-se uma análise sobre alguns dos determinantes psicológicos e sociais da regulação do comportamento alimentar, bem como uma síntese de alguns dos modelos explicativos da selecção alimentar (Modelo Desenvolvimental e Modelo Cognitivo). Procedemos, ainda, a uma reflexão sobre a relação entre alimentos, emoções, cognições e comportamentos, assim como a uma reflexão sobre a relação entre o stress e o comportamento alimentar. ------ ABSTRACT ------ This paper presents a brief analysis of the psychosocial determinants of eating behaviour. It is essential to understand the factors underlying food selection, that is to say, the factors that contribute to the individual eating, what he/she eats and how much he/she eats. In this paper...

Relação entre o comportamento alimentar de pais e filhos

Melo, Sofia Homem de; Tapadinhas, Ana Rosa de Oliveira Velez
Fonte: PsychOpen Publicador: PsychOpen
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.55%
Objetivo: Compreender a relação entre o comportamento alimentar pais-filhos, relação esta que pode ser a chave para o desenvolvimento de estratégias de prevenção mais adequadas no campo da Obesidade e das Perturbações do Comportamento Alimentar. Método: Participaram no estudo 116 pais e respetivos 116 filhos de idades compreendidas entre os 8 e os 12 anos, que frequentam o 3º, 4º, 5º e 6º ano de escolaridade de duas escolas privadas da Zona da Grande Lisboa. Foram utilizados dois instrumentos: Inventário de Perturbação do Comportamento Alimentar (EDI-3) e o Inventário de Perturbação do Comportamento Alimentar para Crianças (EDI-C). Resultados: Verificou-se uma correlação significativa entre o comportamento alimentar dos pais e dos filhos ao nível das escalas do EDI, especialmente nos compósitos Risco de Perturbação do Comportamento Alimentar (r = 0,221; p = 0,017) e Desajustamento Psicológico Geral (r = 0,183; p = 0,050). Foi também verificada a relação entre pais e filhos em variáveis como o índice de massa corporal, IMC (r = 0,228; p = 0,014), atividades sedentárias [visualização de televisão (r = 0,238; p = 0,010) e uso do computador (r = 0,263; p = 0,004)] e atividade física (r = 0...

Influence of Physical Activity Participation on the Associations between Eating Behaviour Traits and Body Mass Index in Healthy Postmenopausal Women

Riou, Marie-Ève; Doucet, Éric; Provencher, Véronique; Weisnagel, S. John; Piché, Marie-Ève; Dubé, Marie-Christine; Bergeron, Jean; Lemieux, Simone
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.51%
Available data reveals inconsistent relationships between eating behaviour traits and markers of adiposity level. It is thus relevant to investigate whether other factors also need to be considered when interpreting the relationship between eating behaviour traits and adiposity. The objective of this cross-sectional study was thus to examine whether the associations between variables of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) and adiposity are influenced by the level of physical activity participation. Information from the TFEQ and physical activity was obtained from 113 postmenopausal women (56.7 ± 4.2 years; 28.5 ± 5.9 kg/m2). BMI was compared between four groups formed on the basis of the physical activity participation and eating behaviour traits medians. In groups of women with higher physical activity participation, BMI was significantly lower in women who presented higher dietary restraint when compared to women who had lower dietary restraint (25.5 ± 0.5 versus 30.3 ± 1.7 kg/m2, P < .05). In addition, among women with lower physical activity participation, BMI was significantly lower in women presenting a lower external hunger than in those with a higher external hunger (27.5 ± 0.8 versus 32.4 ± 1.1 kg/m2, P < .001). Our results suggest that physical activity participation should also be taken into account when interpreting the relationship between adiposity and eating behaviour traits.

How to Improve Eating Behaviour during Early Childhood

Green, Robin John; Samy, Gamal; Miqdady, Mohamad Saleh; Salah, Mohamed; Sleiman, Rola; Abdelrahman, Hatim Mohamed Ahmed; Al Haddad, Fatima; Reda, Mona M.; Lewis, Humphrey; Ekanem, Emmanuel E.; Vandenplas, Yvan
Fonte: The Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Publicador: The Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.48%
Eating behaviour disorder during early childhood is a common pediatric problem. Many terminologies have been used interchangeably to describe this condition, hindering implementation of therapy and confusing a common problem. The definition suggests an eating behaviour which has consequences for family harmony and growth. The recent Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition does not cover the entire spectrum seen by pediatricians. Publications are substantive but level of evidence is most of the time low. This purpose of this review is to clarify terminology of eating behaviour problems during early childhood; including benign picky eating, limited diets, sensory food aversion, selective eating, food avoidance emotional disorder, pervasive refusal syndrome, tactile defensiveness, functional dysphagia, neophobia and toddler anorexia. This tool is proposed only to ease the clinical management for child care providers. Diagnostic criteria are set and management tools are suggested. The role of dietary counselling and, where necessary, behavioural therapy is clarified. It is hoped that the condition will make its way into mainstream pediatrics to allow these children, and their families, to receive the help they deserve.

Paying people to eat or not to eat? Carryover effects of monetary incentives on eating behaviour

Dolan, Paul; Galizzi, Matteo M.; Navarro-Martinez, Daniel
Fonte: Pergamon Publicador: Pergamon
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.44%
There is no evidence comparing head-to-head the effects of monetary incentives to act and to abstain from acting on behaviour. We present an experiment, conducted between June and September 2012, that directly compares the effects of those two different monetary incentive schemes on eating behaviour: we evaluate incentives to eat against incentives not to eat. A large number of participants (n = 353) had bowls of sweets next to them while they watched different videos over two experimental sessions that were two days apart. Sweets eating was monitored and monetary incentives to eat or not to eat were introduced during one of the videos for participants randomly allocated to these conditions. Our results show that, while both types of incentives were effective in changing sweets-eating behaviour when they were in place, only incentives not to eat had significant carryover effects after they were removed. Those effects were still significant two days after the monetary incentives had been eliminated. We also present some additional results on personality and health-related variables that shed further light on these effects. Overall, our study shows that incentives not to eat can be more effective in producing carryover effects on behaviour in domains like the one explored here.

Eating Behaviour in the General Population: An Analysis of the Factor Structure of the German Version of the Three-Factor-Eating-Questionnaire (TFEQ) and Its Association with the Body Mass Index

Löffler, Antje; Luck, Tobias; Then, Francisca S.; Sikorski, Claudia; Kovacs, Peter; Böttcher, Yvonne; Breitfeld, Jana; Tönjes, Anke; Horstmann, Annette; Löffler, Markus; Engel, Christoph; Thiery, Joachim; Villringer, Arno; Stumvoll, Michael; Riedel-He
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/07/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.5%
The Three-Factor-Eating-Questionnaire (TFEQ) is an established instrument to assess eating behaviour. Analysis of the TFEQ-factor structure was based on selected, convenient and clinical samples so far. Aims of this study were (I) to analyse the factor structure of the German version of the TFEQ and (II)—based on the refined factor structure—to examine the association between eating behaviour and the body mass index (BMI) in a general population sample of 3,144 middle-aged and older participants (40–79 years) of the ongoing population based cohort study of the Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases (LIFE Health Study). The factor structure was examined in a split-half analysis with both explorative and confirmatory factor analysis. Associations between TFEQ-scores and BMI values were tested with multiple regression analyses controlled for age, gender, and education. We found a three factor solution for the TFEQ with an ‘uncontrolled eating’, a ‘cognitive restraint’ and an ‘emotional eating’ domain including 29 of the original 51 TFEQ-items. Scores of the ‘uncontrolled eating domain’ showed the strongest correlation with BMI values (partial r = 0.26). Subjects with scores above the median in both ‘uncontrolled eating’ and ‘emotional eating’ showed the highest BMI values (mean = 29.41 kg/m²)...

Adolescents, food behaviour and television

Skrzypiec, Grace K
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 535690 bytes; 499286 bytes; 1128719 bytes; 4966387 bytes; 656160 bytes; 656160 bytes; 299019 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em //1996 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.41%
Several researchers have indicated that the emphasis placed by young people on body shape and appearance has been greatly shaped by the media. The aim of this research was to investigate this notion specifically with regard to televised media. It was hypothesised that there would be a relationship between media images, eating attitudes and dietary behaviours, particularly for teenagers with body-image self-schemas who were conscious of their appearance. Nine hundred and sixty five senior secondary school students, from 33 country and metropolitan, state and independent, co-educational and single-sex South Australian high schools were surveyed. Fifty-six percent of the sample were adolescent girls and the average age of participants was 16.1 years. The questionnaire included sections on television usage, dieting behaviours, eating restraint and eating habits, as well as attitudes to foods, gender and appearance. Cluster analysis procedures indicated that it was possible to cluster television viewers into four distinct groups, "Telephiliacs", "Telephobics", "Modellers" and a "Relaxation/Information" group. These groups were classified according to television usage. Telephiliacs made the mose use of television, using it to gain information...

Comportamento alimentar de crianças de uma escola privada no município de Pelotas, RS; Eating behaviors among private school children in the city of Pelotas, RS

Passos, Darlise Rodrigues dos
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Faculdade de Nutrição; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição e Alimentos; UFPel; Brasil Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Faculdade de Nutrição; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição e Alimentos; UFPel; Brasil
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.44%
Previous studies have suggested that individual differences in several eating behavior dimensions may be associated to the development of excessive weight in children. It is estimated that 30% of Brazilian children between five to nine years old have excessive weight. The present study aimed to evaluate eating behaviors and nutritional status of children aged 6 to 10 from a private school in the city of Pelotas, southern Brazil, and to describe differences in eating behaviors by gender, age, and nutritional status. The Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) was administered to parents to assess their children’s eating behaviors. This questionnaire consists of 35 questions divided into eight subscales: Food responsiveness (FR), Enjoyment of food (EF), Desire to drink (DD), Emotional overeating (EOE), Emotional undereating (EUE), Satiety responsiveness (SR), Slowness in eating (SE) e Fussiness (FF). Height and weight measurements were taken. Age-adjusted body mass index (BMI) z-scores were calculated and children were categorized according to their nutritional status as underweight, normal weight, overweight, obese, and severely obese. A total of 335 children were evaluated. The mean age was 87.9 months (SD 10.4 months), nearly half (50.7%) of them was classified as excessive weight (26% were overweight...

Exploring aspects of parental control over feeding: influences on children’s eating behaviour and weight.

Corsini, Nadia
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2008
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.24%
The current research was developed from a review of the literature on the influence of parental control on children's eating and weight, and in particular the research examining parental restriction and poor self-regulation of energy. The impetus for the research was the confusion in the literature about the positive and negative aspects of control and the need to explore the influence of parental control at earlier periods of child development in socio economically diverse samples. The aim of the first study was to investigate the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) in an Australian sample of preschool children. Consistent with previous research, the factor structure was problematic with respect to the Restriction subscale. The two items that ask about the use of rewards showed poor cohesion with other items on the Restriction subscale, raising concerns about the conceptualisation of restriction as measured by the CFQ. The second study sought to determine whether currently available measures of restriction were appropriate for assessing parent behaviours with toddlers, and to explore the strategies that mothers use to control their toddlers' intake of energy-dense snack foods. A qualitative methodology was employed and interviews were conducted with 22 mothers who had toddlers aged between 18 and 24 months. A key finding was a lack of variability in responses to the CFQ Restriction subscale in contrast to the range of individual differences in parents' reported use of control. A thematic analysis provided the basis for the development of a questionnaire to quantify the key concepts that were identified. Exploratory factor analysis was then used to refine these concepts resulting in a five factor structure that has been named the Toddler Feeding Questionnaire (TFQ). The TFQ incorporates a broad range of measures of parental control over feeding...

Examining the role of goals and motives for physical activity and eating behaviour in commercial weight-loss program participants

Grattan, Kimberley.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.46%
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between physical activity and healthy eating behaviour with the participant's motives and goals for each health behaviour. Methods: Participants (N 121; 93.2% female) enrolled in commercial weightloss programs at the time of data collection, completed self-reported instruments using a web-based interface that were in accordance with Deci and Ryan's (2002) Self-Determination Theory (SDT). Results: Multiple linear regression models revealed that motivation and goals collectively accounted for between 0.21 to 0.29 percent and 0.03 to 0.16 percent of the variance in physical and healthy eating behaviours in this sample. In general, goals regarding either behaviour did not appear to have strong predictive relationships with each health behaviour beyond the contributions of motives. Discussion: Overall, findings from this study suggest that motives seem to mattermore than goals for both physical activity and healthy eating behaviour in clientele of commercial weight-loss programs. Therefore commercial weight-loss program implementers may want to consider placing more attention on motives I than goals for their clientele when designing weight-loss and weight-maintenance initiatives.

O comportamento alimentar, o autoconceito e a obesidade infantojuvenil

Rodrigues, Eliana Andreia Gomes da Silva
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em //2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.45%
Dissertação de mestrado integrado em Psicologia (área de especialização em Psicologia Clínica); A obesidade infantil e juvenil constitui-se atualmente como um problema de Saúde Pública, com elevada prevalência e tendência para aumentar, situação alarmante dadas as repercussões no organismo, nomeadamente no que concerne a estas fases de crescimento, destacando aspetos relativos ao comportamento alimentar e autoconceito. O presente estudo teve como principais objetivos avaliar as diferenças no comportamento e autoconceito entre crianças e adolescentes obesos e não obesos. Os participantes foram 101 mães e 101 crianças e adolescentes. As mães responderam ao Questionário do Comportamento Alimentar da Criança CEBQ (Warld e col., 2001); e as crianças e os adolescentes ao Piers-Harris Children`s Self-Concept Scale (Veiga, H., 2006). Os resultados obtidos demonstram que existem diferenças significativas entre as crianças e adolescentes obesos e não obesos ao nível das seguintes dimensões do comportamento alimentar: Resposta à Comida, Desejo de Beber e Prazer em Comer. As crianças e adolescentes obesos apresentam uma maior resposta à comida, um maior desejo de beber e um maior prazer em comer, do que as crianças e adolescentes não obesos. Relativamente ao autoconceito não existem diferenças significativas entre obesos e não obesos.; Child and Adolescent obesity represent nowadays a public health problem with high prevalence and tendency to increase...

Effects of the mu-opioid receptor antagonist GSK1521498 on hedonic and consummatory eating behaviour: a proof of mechanism study in binge-eating obese subjects

Ziauddeen, H; Chamberlain, S R; Nathan, P J; Koch, A; Maltby, K; Bush, M; Tao, W X; Napolitano, A; Skeggs, A L; Brooke, A C; Cheke, L; Clayton, N S; Sadaf Farooqi, I; O'Rahilly, S; Waterworth, D; Song, K; Hosking, L; Richards, D B; Fletcher, P C; Bullmore
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.57%
The opioid system is implicated in the hedonic and motivational processing of food, and in binge eating, a behaviour strongly linked to obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of 4 weeks of treatment with the mu-opioid receptor antagonist GSK1521498 on eating behaviour in binge-eating obese subjects. Adults with body mass index ⩾30 kg m−2 and binge eating scale scores ⩾19 received 1-week single-blind placebo run-in, and were then randomized to 28 days with either 2 mg day−1 GSK1521498, 5 mg day−1 GSK1521498 or placebo (N=21 per arm) in a double-blind parallel group design. The outcome measures were body weight, fat mass, hedonic and consummatory eating behaviour during inpatient food challenges, safety and pharmacokinetics. The primary analysis was the comparison of change scores in the higher-dose treatment group versus placebo using analysis of covariance at each relevant time point. GSK1521498 (2 mg and 5 mg) was not different from placebo in its effects on weight, fat mass and binge eating scores. However, compared with placebo, GSK1521498 5 mg day−1 caused a significant reduction in hedonic responses to sweetened dairy products and reduced calorific intake, particularly of high-fat foods during ad libitum buffet meals...

Paying people to eat or not to eat?: carryover effects of monetary incentives on eating behaviour

Dolan, Paul; Galizzi, Matteo M.; Navarro-Martínez, Daniel
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /05/2015 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.44%
There is no evidence comparing head-to-head the effects of monetary incentives to act and to abstain from acting on behaviour. We present an experiment, conducted between June and September 2012, that directly compares the effects of those two different monetary incentive schemes on eating behaviour: we evaluate incentives to eat against incentives not to eat. A large number of participants (n = 353) had bowls of sweets next to them while they watched different videos over two experimental sessions that were two days apart. Sweets eating was monitored and monetary incentives to eat or not to eat were introduced during one of the videos for participants randomly allocated to these conditions. Our results show that, while both types of incentives were effective in changing sweets-eating behaviour when they were in place, only incentives not to eat had significant carryover effects after they were removed. Those effects were still significant two days after the monetary incentives had been eliminated. We also present some additional results on personality and health-related variables that shed further light on these effects. Overall, our study shows that incentives not to eat can be more effective in producing carryover effects on behaviour in domains like the one explored here.

Body shape model, physical activity and eating behaviour

Jáuregui Lobera,I.; Tomillo Cid,S.; Santiago Fernández,M.ª J.; Bolaños Ríos,P.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/02/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.48%
Objectives: Research on the influence of body shape model on adolescent males is scarce. The current study aimed to assess this influence among adult males involved in intense physical activity and to determine its relationship to eating behaviour. Possible variations between 1998 and 2008 were also analysed. Method: A total of 950 males (672 in 1998 and 278 in 2008), all aspiring professional soldiers, were studied using the Questionnaire of Influences on Body Shape Model (CIMEC-V) and the Eating Attitudes Test-40 (EAT-40), as well as by assessing their physical/sporting activity and body mass index (BMI). Results: Scores on the CIMEC-V were significantly correlated with the EAT-40 and BMI. As regards physical activity the only positive correlation referred to gym-based exercise. A cluster analysis revealed two subgroups with respect to physical activity, BMI, and scores on the CIMEC-V and EAT-40. One of them scored higher on these three variables and they also had a BMI > 25. The comparative study of data from 1998 and 2008 showed significant changes in some variables. Conclusions: Generally, the results differ considerably from those reported for younger samples (which would suggest a lower risk of disordered eating behaviour). However...

Students of dietetics & nutrition; a high risk group for eating disorders?

Mealha,Vanessa; Ferreira,Catarina; Guerra,Inés; Ravasco,Paula
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.54%
Introduction: Changes in eating behaviour of university students are common and widely studied. Although the risk of developing eating disorders seems to be obvious among nutrition students, there is a lack of research in this field. This study aimed to: determine the risk of developing eating disorders in Dietetics and Nutrition (DN) students, through the comparison of eating behaviours, food habits, nutritional status, body composition and physical activity with those of other college students (from health and non-health degrees). Methods: Cross-sectional and comparative study. The sample included 189 female students, aged 18 to 25 years (20.3 ± 2.0), from two Portuguese public universities. All students were measured (weight, height, % fat mass and waist circumference) and answered four validated questionnaires to assess eating behaviour, food patterns and physical activity. Results: There was a low risk of eating disorders development among these students (4.2%). No significant differences between students from DN, health and non-health degrees concerning eating behaviour, nutritional status and body composition were found, contrasting with differences in some food habits and physical activity (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Despite the low risk of eating disorders among DN students...

Diet choice in weight-restored patients with eating disorders: progressive autonomy process by nutritional education

Ruiz-Prieto,Inmaculada; Bolaños-Ríos,Patricia; Jáuregui-Lobera,Ignacio
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.26%
Introduction: Human eating behaviour is regulated by multiple factors. Anorexia nervosa patients show a restrictive eating pattern while bulimia nervosa patients present bingeing-purging episodes. Although treatments are specially successful in the normalization of body composition, maladaptive eating behaviours tend to persist being a risk factor for relapse and recurrence. Objectives: The aim of this work was to assess the quality of the nutritional choice of eating disorders patients after a year of nutritional education and to assess improvements in choice capacity. Methods: Thirty-one outpatients of an eating disorders unit planned a menu after body composition normalization and repeated this plan each three months during a one-year programme of nutritional education. Results: Patients improved the time spent on the assignment (p < 0.01), Body Mass Index (p < 0.01), their body fat mass (p < 0.01) and the content of energy (p < 0.05), carbohydrates (p < 0.01) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (p < 0.05) in their chosen menus. No differences were found on proteins, total fat or fat profile, vitamins or minerals. 12.9% and 3.2% of the patients chose their menu according to the recommendations of caloric and lipid profile, respectively...

Obesity, eating behaviour and mental health among university students in Mexico city

Lazarevich,Irina; Irigoyen-Camacho,María Esther; Velázquez-Alva,María del Consuelo
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.42%
Introduction: Psychological factors are important in the development of obesity; however these are frequently underestimated in intervention programs. Objective: To examine the association of mental health with altered eating behavior related to weigh gain, and with abdominal obesity among college students in order to provide more comprehensive guidelines for intervention programs. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed with 1,122 university students (from a total population of 1,820 freshmen students) at the Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico City. Body mass index and waist circumference (WC) were recorded. A six items questionnaire was applied to assess altered eating behavior. Self-reported questionnaires for depression (Beck Depression Inventory), anxiety (General Anxiety Disorder Scale of Carrol and Davidson), and impulsiveness symptoms (Plutchik Impulsivity Scale) were used. Multiple logistic regression models were performed. Results: An increased WC was associated with depression symptoms (OR = 1.4), female sex (OR = 1.5), and age (OR = 1.1). Students with altered eating behaviors showed elevated levels of impulsivity (e.g. have difficulties to stop eating, OR = 4.2) and depression (e.g. have problem to eat at regular times...

Validation of the Dutch eating behavior questionnaire for children (DEBQ-C) for use with Spanish children

Baños,R. M.; Cebolla,A.; Etchemendy,E.; Felipe,S.; Rasal,P.; Botella,C.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
Introduction: The Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire for children was developed by Van Strien and Oosterveld (2008) to measure three different eating behaviors (emotional eating, restrained eating and external eating); it is an adaptation of the DEBQ for adults. Objective: The purpose of this study is to analyze the psychometric properties of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire for Children (DEBQ-C) with a Spanish sample. Method: The DEBQ-C was administered to 473 children (240 boys and 233 girls), from 10 to 14 years old. The sample included a Clinical Overweight Group (COG; n = 81) comprising children who were receiving weight loss treatments, a Non Clinical Overweight Group (NCOG, n = 31) comprising children who were overweight but not in treatment, and a Normal Weight Group (NWG, n = 280). Results: Results showed that the DEBQ-C had acceptable internal consistency (a = 0.70). Temporal stability was good for "External Eating" and "Restrained Eating" scales. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the three-factor solution had good fit indices. Furthermore, the clinical overweight participants scored significantly higher on "External Eating" and "Restrained Eating" compared to the normal weight children. Conclusion: The DEBQ-C proved to be an effective instrument for researching children's eating behaviors.

Psychological status, eating behaviour, quality of life of portuguese obesity surgery candidates

Silva,Isabel; Pais-Ribeiro,José; Cardoso,Helena
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Psicologia da Saúde Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Psicologia da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.47%
The present study aimed to describe psychological status, and eating behaviour characteristics, as well as quality of life of obesity surgery candidates in a public Portuguese hospital. A cohort of 198 obesity surgery candidates, with a body mass index ranging between 35.47 and 80.65 (M=48.76; SD=8.40) was studied. Patients answered to a semi-structured interview, to Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Self-Concept Clinical Inventory, and to MOS SF-36. Results show that a high percentage of patients present yo-yo phenomenon and report important consequences in psychological, social, familial, work, spare time and motor domains. Binge eating disorder, sweet/fat compulsion, continuous nibbling, eating rapidly, eating without feeling hungry, eating until feeling indisposed, the perception of not having control over what is eaten and feeling upset after eating an excessive amount of food are relatively frequent behaviours. Patients commonly present anxiety disorders and major depression (including suicidal ideation and suicidal attempts), diminished self-concept and poor quality of life.The present study shows that obesity is significantly associated to impaired psychological functioning in obesity surgery candidates, suggesting that it is crucial to consider this association in pre surgical psychological assessment and intervention in order to contribute to more positive surgery outcomes.