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Benefícios da cinesioterapia respiratória no pós-operatório de colecistectomia laparoscópica; Benefits of postoperative respiratory kinesiotherapy following laparoscopic cholecystectomy

GASTALDI, AC; MAGALHÃES, CMB; BARAÚNA, MA; SILVA, EMC; SOUZA, HCD
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.27%
INTRODUÇÃO: Alterações da função pulmonar após cirurgia abdominal levam à redução do volume pulmonar, prejudicando as trocas gasosas. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos da cinesioterapia respiratória sobre a função pulmonar e a força muscular respiratória em pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Em estudo prospectivo, 20 mulheres e 16 homens (idade: 48,4 ± 9,55 anos), submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica, foram divididos aleatoriamente: 17 realizaram exercícios respiratórios (respiração diafragmática, sustentação máxima da inspiração e inspiração fracionada) e 19 participaram como Grupo Controle. Todos realizaram avaliação das pressões respiratórias máximas (PImax e PEmax), pico de fluxo expiratório (PFE) e espirometria, medindo capacidade vital (CV), capacidade vital forçada (CVF), volume expiratório no primeiro segundo (VEF1), relação VEF1/CVF no pré-operatório e diariamente até o sexto pós-operatório (PO). RESULTADOS: Os valores de pré-operatório não foram estatisticamente diferentes entre os dois grupos. Ambos os grupos apresentaram diminuição de todas as variáveis no 1º PO (p< 0,05). O Grupo Exercício permaneceu com diminuição até o 2º PO para CV...

Complicações e desconfortos em colecistectomias videolaparoscópicas: relação com as variáveis pré-operatórias e intraoperatórias; Discomforts and complications in laparoscopic cholecystectomy: relationship with preoperative variables and intraoperative

Fernandes, Carolina Nóvoa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/11/2013 PT
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Introdução: A colelitíase é uma das afecções do sistema digestório mais frequente, acometendo 20% da população adulta. Atualmente, a colecistectomia videolaparoscópica (CVL) é o tratamento de escolha nas doenças benignas da vesícula biliar, inclusive, na colecistite aguda. Entretanto, independente dos benefícios indiscutíveis da cirurgia minimalmente invasiva, esse procedimento não exclui a possibilidade de complicações ou desconfortos ao paciente no pós-operatório. Objetivo: Identificar a relação entre as variáveis pré e intra-operatórias e as ocorrências de complicações e desconfortos pós-operatórios em pacientes submetidos à CVL. Casuística e método: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo, do tipo descritivo, exploratório, de nível I e com abordagem quantitativa. A amostra do estudo foi composta por 495 prontuários de pacientes submetidos à CVL, em caráter eletivo no Hospital Estadual de Diadema, no período entre janeiro de 2009 e agosto de 2012. Os dados foram obtidos com base no preenchimento de um instrumento semiestruturado, contendo: dados demográficos, variáveis clínicas do pré, intra e pós-operatórias. O estudo estatístico foi realizado no sistema SPSS 15.0, sendo adotado o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Na amostra estudada houve: predominância do feminino (89...

Prospective randomized study of early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis.

Lo, C M; Liu, C L; Fan, S T; Lai, E C; Wong, J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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OBJECTIVE: A prospective randomized study was undertaken to compare early with delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis is associated with high complication and conversion rates. It is not known whether there is a role for initial conservative treatment followed by interval elective operation. METHOD: During a 26-month period, 99 patients with a clinical diagnosis of acute cholecystitis were randomly assigned to early laparoscopic cholecystectomy within 72 hours of admission (early group, n = 49) or delayed interval surgery after initial medical treatment (delayed group, n = 50). Thirteen patients (four in the early group and nine in the delayed group) were excluded because of refusal of operation (n = 6), misdiagnosis (n = 5), contraindication for surgery (n = 1), or loss to follow-up (n = 1). RESULTS: Eight of 41 patients in the delayed group underwent urgent operation at a median of 63 hours (range, 32 to 140 hours) after admission because of spreading peritonitis (n = 3) and persistent fever (n = 5). Although the delayed group required less frequent modifications in operative technique and a shorter operative time, there was a tendency toward a higher conversion rate (23% vs. 11%; p = 0.174) and complication rate (29% vs. 13%; p = 0.07). For 38 patients with symptoms exceeding 72 hours before admission...

Early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for treatment of acute cholecystitis.

Lo, C M; Liu, C L; Lai, E C; Fan, S T; Wong, J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/1996 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.55%
OBJECTIVE: The current study compared the results of early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for treatment of acute cholecystitis. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Although recent reports have suggested the use of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis, the complication and conversion rates remain high. No data are available on whether initial medical treatment can improve the results. METHOD: Among 497 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy, 52 (10.5%) had a clinical diagnosis of acute cholecystitis confirmed by ultrasonography. Twenty-seven of these patients had early surgery, that is, within 120 hours of admission, and 25 had interval cholecystectomy after initial medical treatment. RESULTS: The early group required modifications in operative technique more frequently (p < 0.001). The conversion rate (7.4%) and minor complication rate (22%) were comparable. Successful early laparoscopic cholecystectomy required a longer operative time (137.2 minutes vs. 98.0 minutes; p < 0.05) and postoperative hospital stay (4.6 days vs. 2.5 days; p < 0.005) but reduced the total hospital stay (6.4 days vs. 12.4 days; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy for the treatment of acute cholecystitis has no adverse effect on complication and conversion rates. Although it is technically demanding and time consuming...

Management of acute cholecystitis in UK hospitals: time for a change

Cameron, I; Chadwick, C; Phillips, J; Johnson, A
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Early cholecystectomy for patients with acute cholecystitis is safe, cost effective, and leads to less time off work compared with delayed surgery. This study was designed to assess current practice in the management of acute cholecystitis in the UK. A postal questionnaire was sent to 440 consultant general surgeons to ascertain their current management of patients with acute cholecystitis. Replies were received from 308 consultants who were involved in treating patients with acute cholecystitis of whom 18 transferred these patients on to another team for further management the day after admission. Thirty two consultants (11%) routinely treated patients by early cholecystectomy, with limiting factors stated to be the availability of surgical staff, theatre space, and radiological investigations. The remaining consultants (n = 258) routinely manage their patients conservatively with intravenous antibiotics and allow the inflammation to resolve before undertaking cholecystectomy at a later date. Indications for undertaking early cholecystectomy during the first admission by this latter group included the presence of spreading peritonitis due to bile leak, empyema, and unexpected space on theatre list. The commonest method for both elective and early cholecystectomy is laparoscopic...

Early cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis

MacDonald, John A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/10/1974 EN
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46.37%
A series of 65 cases of acute cholecystitis from among 500 patients on whom cholecystectomy was performed by the author is presented. Early cholecystectomy was the operation of choice in 63 and cholecystostomy in two. The operative mortality for cholecystectomy was 1.6%; the postoperative morbidity was low and there were no serious complications such as common bile duct injury or biliary fistula. Operation for acute cholecystectomy is recommended within 48 hours of diagnosis to avoid serious complications such as perforation and suppurative cholangitis.

Early elective cholecystectomy--an alternative to early cholecystectomy in acute cholecystitis?

Jenkinson, L. R.; Crumplin, M. K.; Kassab, J. Y.; Whitaker, C. J.
Fonte: Royal College of Surgeons of England Publicador: Royal College of Surgeons of England
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1985 EN
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46.3%
Currently there are two forms of management for patients with acute cholecystitis. Conservative treatment during the acute episode and readmission after 6-8 weeks for elective surgery and early cholecystectomy during the emergency admission. An alternative treatment would be elective surgery before the acute episode which should reduce morbidity and mortality. This study has identified those patients who are likely to present with acute biliary disease so that they can be selected for elective surgery shortly after their attendance in outpatients.

Chronically Symptomatic Patients with Undetectable Gall Bladder on Ultrasonography Could Benefit from Early Cholecystectomy

Adams, Stephen D.; Blackburn, Simon C.; Adewole, Victoria A.; Mahomed, Anies A.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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90 percent of symptomatic patients undergoing cholecystectomy have cholelithiasis with 10% categorized as asymptomatic cholecystitis. In both instances, the gallbladder is evident on ultrasonography. In children with symptomatic biliary dyspepsia, the decision to proceed to cholecystectomy is made difficult if choleliths are not seen on ultrasonography. This decision is made even more difficult if the gallbladder itself is not seen on repeated imaging. In a cohort of 54 cholecystectomies, 3 cases, with recurrent right upper quadrant pain and undetectable gallbladders on repeat ultrasonography, were identified. After prolonged observation all underwent successful cholecystectomy. Histology demonstrated a markedly fibrotic and thickened gallbladder in all. Given this experience, we suggest that nonvisibility of the gallbladder, in fact, maybe be a feature of a chronic acalculous cholecystitis. We advise consideration of cholecystectomy for chronic biliary dyspepsia where repeat ultrasonography fails to demonstrate a gallbladder.

Early Versus Delayed Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis: A Prospective, Randomized Study

Özkardeş, Alper Bilal; Tokaç, Mehmet; Dumlu, Ersin Gürkan; Bozkurt, Birkan; Çiftçi, Ahmet Burak; Yetişir, Fahri; Kılıç, Mehmet
Fonte: The International College of Surgeons, World Federation of General Surgeons and Surgical Specialists, Inc. Publicador: The International College of Surgeons, World Federation of General Surgeons and Surgical Specialists, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
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26.58%
We aimed to compare the clinical outcome and cost of early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. Sixty patients with acute cholecystitis were randomized into early (within 24 hours of admission) or delayed (after 6–8 weeks of conservative treatment) laparoscopic cholecystectomy groups. There was no significant difference between study groups in terms of operation time and rates for conversion to open cholecystectomy. On the other hand, total hospital stay was longer (5.2 ± 1.40 versus 7.8 ± 1.65 days; P = 0.04) and total costs were higher (2500.97 ± 755.265 versus 3713.47 ± 517.331 Turkish Lira; P = 0.03) in the delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy group. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded in 8 patients in the early laparoscopic cholecystectomy group, whereas no complications occurred in the delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy group (P = 0.002). Despite intraoperative and postoperative complications being associated more with early laparoscopic cholecystectomy compared with delayed intervention, early laparoscopic cholecystectomy should be preferred for treatment of acute cholecystitis because of its advantages of shorter hospital stay and lower cost.

Comparison of Clinical Safety and Outcomes of Early versus Delayed Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis: A Meta-Analysis

Zhou, Min-Wei; Gu, Xiao-Dong; Xiang, Jian-Bin; Chen, Zong-You
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Objective. To compare the clinical safety and outcomes of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. Methods. Pertinent studies were selected from the Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases, references from published articles, and reviews. Seven randomized controlled trials (early laparoscopic cholecystectomy versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy) were selected. Conventional meta-analysis according to Cochrane Collaboration was used for the pooling of the results. Results. Seven trials with 1106 patients were included. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of bile duct injury (Peto odds ratio 0.49 (95% confidence interval 0.05 to 4.72); P = 0.54) or conversion to open cholecystectomy (risk ratio 0.91 (95% confidence interval 0.69 to 1.20); P = 0.50). The total hospital stay was shorter by 4 days for early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (mean difference −4.12 (95% confidence interval −5.22 to −3.03) days; P < 0.00001). Conclusion. Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy during acute cholecystitis is safe and shortens the total hospital stay.

Prospective audit of laparoscopic cholecystectomy experience at a secondary referral centre in South Australia

Tan, Jeremy T. H.; Suyapto, Dion Royce; Neo, Eu Ling; Leong, Paul S. K.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Publicador: Blackwell Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.4%
Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is now the gold standard procedure for symptomatic gallstone disease. Nevertheless, there are still several controversies such as the need for routine intraoperative cholangiogram (IOC), the indications for and results of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the setting of acute cholecystitis and the use of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography versus laparoscopic common bile duct (CBD) exploration for intraoperatively detected choledocholithiasis. The aim of this study was to investigate some of these controversies. Methods: All laparoscopic cholecystectomies carried out at our institution, a secondary referral centre in Adelaide, South Australia, over a 9-month period were prospectively audited. Data were collected regarding indications for surgery, rate of conversion to open operation, use of IOC, rate of choledocholithiasis and complication rate. Results: There were 202 patients, of whom 152 were women and 50 men. Age range was 15–83 years. Sixty-one per cent of emergency operations were for acute cholecystitis. The conversion rate for emergency operations was 20.6% and for elective procedures was 4.2% (P = 0.003).One hundred and eighty-four patients had an IOC performed. Twelve of these patients had choledocholithiasis. Six of these 12 patients had both normal preoperative ultrasound and liver function tests. Four of the patients went on to postoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography...

Evaluación de la colecistectomía temprana frente a la colecistectomía diferida como tratamiento de la colecistitis aguda; Evaluation of early cholecystectomy versus delayed cholecystectomy in the treatment of acute cholecystitis

Sánchez Carrasco, Miguel
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.58%
RESUMEN: El tratamiento de la colecistitis aguda contempla dos posibles alternativas quirúrgicas: colecistectomía temprana y colecistectomía diferida. La hipótesis de trabajo es que la colecistectomía temprana es segura en términos de morbi-mortalidad y puede aportar beneficios como menor estancia hospitalaria y menos reingresos. Se ha realizado un estudio retrospectivo comparando ambas opciones de tratamiento. Se analizan: el porcentaje de conversión, el tiempo quirúrgico, la morbilidad global, la morbilidad quirúrgica, la mortalidad, las reintervenciones, los días de estancia en cuidados intensivos, los reingresos hospitalarios, los días de ingreso hospitalario y los costes directos. En cirugía temprana se encuentra: menor morbilidad, a expensas de una menor tasa de infecciones y porcentajes de sangrado y lesión iatrogénica de la vía biliar similares, menor número de reingresos, menos estancias en cuidados intensivos y menos días de estancia hospitalaria. Además la cirugía temprana podría suponer un ahorro en costes directos.; ABSTRACT: Treatment of acute cholecystitis includes two possible surgical alternatives: early cholecystectomy and delayed cholecystectomy. The working hypothesis is that early cholecystectomy is safe in terms of morbidity and mortality and may provide benefits such as a shorter hospital stay and fewer readmissions. We performed a retrospective study comparing the two treatment options and analyzed: conversion risk...

Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy and Open Cholecystectomy in Acute Cholecystitis: Critical Analysis of 520 Cases; Colecistectomia por Laparoscopia e por Laparotomia na Colecistite Aguda: Análise Crítica de 520 Casos

Teixeira, João Araújo; Serviço de Cirurgia. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade do Porto/Hospital de S. João. Porto. Portugal.; Ribeiro, Carlos; Serviço de Cirurgia. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade do Porto/Hospital de S. João. Porto. Portugal.;
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 30/12/2014 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.43%
Introduction: Despite the skepticism with which it was initially seen, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is now the technique of choice for acute cholecystitis. It is, however, important to evaluate the results in comparison with classic cholecystectomy, since the latter is still used by some surgeons in certain situations.Material and Methods: Our research corresponds to the analysis of 520 patients operated on for acute cholecystitis performed in the department of surgery at the São João Hospital in Oporto - 412 (79.2%) laparoscopic cholecystectomies and 108 (20.8%) open cholecystectomies - from 2007 to 2013. We evaluated comorbidities, leukocytosis, time between diagnosis and surgery, ASA, per and postoperative complications, mortality, reoperations, lesion of main bile duct, conversion rate and hospital stay, in order to compare these two techniques. The conversion group was included in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Statistical analysis was based on descriptive statistic procedures and the evaluation of contrast between groups was based on Fishers’ exact test. Significant values were considered for p < 0.05.Results: Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy versus Open Cholecystectomy: Mortality: 0.7% vs 3,7% (p = 0.0369); Peroperative complications: 3.6% vs 12.9% (p = 0.0006); Surgical postoperative complications: 7.7% vs 17.5% (p = 0.0055); Medical postoperative complications: 4.3% vs 5.5% (p = 0.6077); Lesion of the main bile duct: 0.9% vs 1.8% (p = 0.6091); Reoperation: 2.9% vs 5.5% (p = 0.2315); Hospital stay up to 4 days after surgery: 64.8% vs 18.5% (p < 0.001). The convertion rate was of 10.7%: 8.8% in early surgery (before 4 days after de diagnosis) and 13.7% in the late surgery (after this time but in the same stay) (p = 0.1425). Multiple causes led to convertion: surgical complications (biliary lesions...

Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion related to Guillain-Barré syndrome after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Çakirgöz,Mensure Yilmaz; Duran,Esra; Topuz,Cem; Kara,Deniz; Turgut,Namigar; Türkmen,Ülkü Aygen; Turanç,Bülent; Dolap,Mustafa Önder; Hanci,Volkan
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
Background and objectives: Guillain-Barré Syndrome is one of the most common causes of acute polyneuropathy in adults. Recently, the occurrence of Guillain-Barré Syndrome after major and minor surgical operations has been increasingly debated. In Guillain-Barré syndrome, syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion and dysautonomy are generally observed after maximal motor deficit. Case report: A 44-year-old male patient underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. After the development of a severe headache, nausea, diplopia, and attacks of hypertension in the early postoperative period, a computer tomography of the brain was normal. Laboratory tests revealed hyponatremia linked to syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, the patient's fluids were restricted, and furosemide and 3% NaCl treatment was initiated. On the second day postoperative, the patient developed numbness moving upward from the hands and feet, loss of strength, difficulty swallowing and respiratory distress. Guillain-Barré syndrome was suspected, and the patient was moved to intensive care. Cerebrospinal fluid examination showed 320 mg/dL protein, and acute motor-sensorial axonal neuropathy was identified by electromyelography. Guillain-Barré syndrome was diagnosed...

Operative Outcome and Patient Satisfaction in Early and Delayed Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis

Saber, Aly; Hokkam, Emad N.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.49%
Introduction. Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy is usually associated with reduced hospital stay, sick leave, and health care expenditures. Early diagnosis and treatment of acute cholecystitis reduce both mortality and morbidity and the accurate diagnosis requires specific diagnostic criteria of clinical data and imaging studies. Objectives. To compare early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy regarding the operative outcome and patient satisfaction. Patients and Methods. Patients with acute cholecystitis were divided into two groups, early (A) and delayed (B) cholecystectomy. Diagnosis of acute cholecystitis was confirmed by clinical examination, laboratory data, and ultrasound study. The primary end point was operative and postoperative outcome and the secondary was patient's satisfaction. Results. The number of readmissions in delayed treatment group B was three times in 10% of patients, twice in 23.3%, and once in 66.7% while the number of readmissions was once only in patients in group A and the mean total hospital stays were higher in group B than in group A. The overall patient's satisfaction was 92.66 ± 6.8 in group A compared with 75.34 ± 12.85 in group B. Conclusion. Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy resulted in significant reduction in length of hospital stay and accepted rate of operative complications and conversion rates when compared with delayed techniques.

Early Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis: A Prospective Randomized Study

Järvinen, Heikki J.; Hästbacka, Junno
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1980 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
A randomized clinical trial was undertaken to compare early and delayed cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. Patients entering early (n = 83) or delayed (n = 82) surgery groups were comparable with regard to prerandomization data. One patient in the early group and five in the delayed group refused surgery (p < 0.1) and two misdiagnoses occurred in each group. (2.4%). There was no difference in the incidence of technical difficulty measured by operative complications and duration of operations between the two groups. The same number of patients with common duct stones and perforations of the gallbladder were in each group. There was one death in the delayed group and none in the early group. Postoperative morbidity was 13.8% in the early group and 17.3% in the delayed surgery group (p > 0.1). Wound complications were slightly more common in the early surgery group (p > 0.1). In the delayed surgery group 13% of the patients had to be operated on before the planned date of surgery because conservative management failed. In addition, 15% of the patients had clear recurrent symptoms. Early surgery reduced total hospital stay by a mean of 7.5 days and the period of the patient's incapacity for work by 14.4 days. The data suggest that in acute cholecystitis early surgery is preferable when performed by an experienced surgeon with adequate pre- and intraoperative aids. Besides lower costs it offers the advantage of avoiding recurrent attacks and emergency operations without increasing mortality or morbidity.

Cholecystectomy in patients with sickle cell disease: experience at a regional hospital in southeast Georgia.

Rudolph, R.; Williams, J. S.
Fonte: National Medical Association Publicador: National Medical Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1992 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
The treatment of patients with sickle cell disease and cholelithiasis is controversial. This retrospective study assesses the outcome of preoperative transfusion and timely cholecystectomy in symptomatic sickle cell disease patients. Fourteen patients who had undergone cholecystectomy were determined to have sickle cell disease. The patients' mean age was 17.9 years. Eleven patients were female. Thirteen patients had complained of abdominal pain. Ultrasound confirmed the diagnosis of cholelithiasis in 12 of 13 patients tested. Hemoglobin before treatment averaged 7.7 g/dL. Transfusion or exchange transfusion was given to 12 patients, raising the average hemoglobin to 10.3 g/dL. Postoperative morbidity was 14%: one patient had a urinary tract infection and another a left-lower-lobe pneumonia. No sickle cell crises or deaths occurred. Postoperative hospital stay averaged 4.4 days. With judicious use of preoperative transfusion, early cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones was well tolerated by sickle cell disease patients and is advisable to avoid the morbid sequelae of acute cholecystitis and peroperative sickle cell crisis.

Empyema with giant dilatation of the gallbladder

Rodrigues,André Luiz Santos; Lobato,Marcelino Ferreira; Braga,Carla Andrea Ribeiro; Meguins,Lucas Crociati; Rolo,Daniel Felgueiras
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
INTRODUCTION: Gallbladder empyema is a serious complication of acute cholecystitis being peritonitis and sepsis it's main clinical consequences. Organ giant volume is rare specially with no relevant symptoms. CASE REPORT: Man 56-year-old with mild abdominal pain on the right hypochondrium, palpable gallbladder and ultrasound images revealing cholelithiasis. At surgery, there was a giant dilatation of the gallbladder with 580 mL of purulent bile. Cholecystectomy was carried out without post-operative complications. CONCLUSION: Early cholecystectomy should always be realized in patients presenting symptoms of gallbladder empyema no matter the size of it.

Estudio de la recurrencia de la pancreatitis aguda litiàsica

Romaguera Monzonís, Andreu
Fonte: Bellaterra : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: Bellaterra : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 SPA; SPA
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26.45%
OBJETIVOS La pancreatitis aguda litiásica (PAL) es una enfermedad con tendencia a recurrir. La colecistectomía precoz (durante el mismo ingreso o antes de las dos semanas) o en determinados casos la CREP están recomendadas en la mayoría de guías clínicas, para evitar la recurrencia. Pero, el porcentaje de recurrencia y el intervalo de aparición de la misma no se conocen con exactitud. Nuestros objetivos son: 1) Determinar el porcentaje de recurrencia en nuestro entorno tras un primer episodio de PAL. 2) Calcular el intervalo de tiempo de aparición de la recurrencia. 3) Identificar los factores de riesgo de recurrencia. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO Estudio prospectivo longitudinal. Se incluyeron todos los pacientes ingresados de forma consecutiva tras un primer episodio de PAL, entre enero de 2007 y diciembre de 2010, en un Hospital Universitario con una población de referencia de 430.000 habitantes. El estudio fue aprobado por el comité ético del hospital. Las variables estudiadas fueron: recurrencia de la PAL (pre y post colecistectomía, pre y post CREP), intervalo de tiempo de aparición de la recurrencia, tamaño de la litiasis, parámetros analíticos de la función hepática, dilatación de la vía biliar, índice de severidad de Balthazar (IS)...

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the treatment of biliary lithiasis: outpatient surgery or short stay unit?

Martínez Vieira,A.; Docobo Durántez,F.; Mena Robles,J.; Durán Ferreras,I.; Vázquez Monchul,J.; López Bernal,F.; Romero Vargas,E.
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/07/2004 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.27%
Objective: analysis of clinical and surgical factors in a series of patients subjected to laparoscopic cholecystectomy in an outpatient unit and their relationship with time of discharge and patient acceptance. Patients and method: eighty one consecutive patients underwent to elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy during year 2002 within S.A.S. (Andalusian Health Service) from a surgical waiting list. Retrospective and comparative study between two groups: group A includes patients discharged between 24 and 48 hours after intervention; group B includes patients discharged in less than 24 hours. We analyse the clinical and surgical characteristics and post-operative outcome of both groups of patients. Results: group A was composed of 53 patients and group B of 28 patients. Factors of clinical significance which determined discharge after 24 hours included: early post-surgical incidences or complications (p = 0.017), inability to tolerate oral diet (p = 0.002), and doubts and feelings insecurity of patients regarding discharge by traditional means 62.3% (p = 0.0003). Conclusions: outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe and reliable procedure with a high acceptance rate and few complications. Perhaps traditional culture has to be changed to obtain better results.