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Water and Development : An Evaluation of World Bank Support, 1997-2007, Volume 2. Appendixes

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
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The amount of available water has been constant for millennia, but over time the planet has added 6 billion people. Water is essential to human life and enterprise, and the increasing strains on available water resources threaten the mission of institutions dedicated to economic development. The ultimate goal is to achieve a sustainable balance between the resources available and the societal requirement for water. In this evaluation the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) examines all the water-related projects financed by the World Bank between fiscal 1997 and the end of calendar 2007. Bank activities related to water are large, growing, and integrated. They include water resources management, water supply and sanitation, and activities related to agricultural water, industrial water, energy generation, and water in the environment. Through both lending and grants, the World Bank (the International Development Association and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, or IBRD) has supported countries in many water-related sectors. This evaluation examines the full scope of that support over the period from fiscal 1997 to the end of calendar 2007. More than 30 background studies prepared for the evaluation have analyzed Bank lending by thematic area and by activity type. The evaluation is by definition retrospective...

The Government Monitoring and Evaluation System in India : A Work in Progress

Mehrotra, Santosh
Fonte: Independent Evaluation Group, World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: Independent Evaluation Group, World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
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45.85%
This paper is discusses the evolution of India s approach to monitoring and evaluation of government programs. It is organized into 8 sections. (1) Describes the Indian government structure and sets the context for the challenges of building a government-wide M&E system in India. (2) Outlines a short history of the evaluation system under the planning commission and its stages of development. (3) Examines the demand side of evaluation the sources of demand for accountability, especially in recent years, and for evaluation in particular, and the locus of decisions regarding the selection of which programs to monitor and evaluate. (4) Discusses supply-side and operational issues such as staffing and capacity, and technical approaches (including the type or range of methodology applied). This section also examines the role of the private sector, think tanks, and civil society. (5) Examines the new institutional arrangements M&E. This section also examines the state of management information systems (MISs), outcome budgeting encouraged by the Ministry of Finance...

Results and Performance of the World Bank Group 2013 : An Independent Evaluation, Volume 2. Appendixes

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
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45.85%
The global extreme poverty rate has fallen by half since 1990, but progress within the developing world has been uneven. Extreme poverty remains widespread in most low-income countries while many middle-income countries also continue to have substantial levels with many people there who have escaped extreme poverty remaining poor and vulnerable. Nor has there been robust progress in sharing prosperity: in many developing countries rapid growth has been accompanied by rising inequality, often with a geographic and ethnic dimension as progress in isolated areas has lagged behind. This appendix describes select elements of the evaluation systems in the World Bank, the International Finance Corporation (IFC), and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) that are the basis for this report. They illustrate commonalities as well as differences in evaluation practices across the institutions. The World Bank, IFC, and MIGA differ in the instruments and approaches they use to achieve development results. Each institution has an evaluation system tailored to its needs. In each organization...

World Bank Group Activities in Situations of Conflict and Violence : An IEG Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
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45.98%
Fragility, conflict, and violence are at the heart of the World Bank Group strategy to attain the twin goals of ending poverty and promoting shared prosperity. Establishment of fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV) as one of the cross-cutting solution areas under the Global Practice Vice Presidency reflects the high level of priority attached to this theme. The FCV cross-cutting solution area is expected to enhance a systematic and coordinated approach across the Bank Group. The Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) of the World Bank Group contributed to this effort by undertaking an evaluation, World Bank Group Assistance to Low-Income Fragile and Conflict-Affected States: an Independent Evaluation (IEG 2014). This report focused on assessing Bank Group activities in low income countries classified as fragile and conflict-affected. Recognizing the significant implications of conflict and violence to the attainment of the Bank Group s strategic goals the CODE agreed that the follow-up evaluation would capture the different nature of fragility and manifestations of violence in countries not on the World Bank Group list of fragile and conflict-affected situations. The CODE noted that such forms of fragility and violence could include IBRD and blend countries...

Impact Evaluation of Business License Simplification in Peru : An Independent Assessment of an International Finance Corporation-Supported Project

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
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45.87%
This evaluation assesses the impact of International Finance Corporation's (IFC's) Business License Simplification Project in the municipality of Lima, Peru. It reviews two previous evaluations sponsored by IFC and adds new evidence. Under the project, IFC's Foreign Investment Advisory Services (FIAS) worked with the municipality of Lima to reform the administrative process for obtaining a business license in Cercado de Lima, one of 44 districts that comprise metropolitan Lima. According to the municipality, 64 percent of the businesses in this district lacked a business license in 2005, and most of them were microenterprises. The project was implemented from January 2005 to March 2007. The present evaluation conducted an independent review of both previous studies, collected additional data, verified the previous findings, and placed the findings in the context of related studies and evaluations. The goal was to take stock of the results, collect and use other evidence, and draw lessons for future IFC and World Bank operations. This chapter describes and compares the divergent evidence on which procedures were simplified by the license reform and by how much. A second chapter reviews existing evaluations and previous relevant findings from other countries; a third replicates and extends the regression evidence on the impact of license reform on critical business outcomes...

Nicaragua : Ex-Post Impact Evaluation of the Emergency Social Investment Fund

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
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55.96%
The Emergency Social Investment Fund (FISE) ex-post impact evaluation, is one of the first to be carried out on a social fund since the introduction of these mechanisms, a decade ago. Through strong impact evaluation methodologies, the report provides empirical evidence regarding FISE's success in reaching poor households, and contributing to their human capital formation, and provides as well, insights into communities interactions with FISE, and the quality of publicly provided social services that have received a FISE investment. The evaluation makes use of data sources, such as the Living Standards Measurement Survey (LSMS), FISE Household Surveys, and FISE Facilities Survey, as well as from the qualitative beneficiary assessment, instruments which allow an integrated evaluation on assessment of poverty targeting, and household impact. Based on social sectors results, recommendations for FISE operations, its work with others, and its monitoring system, suggest increased community participation at the subproject level...

Biennial Report on Operations Evaluation in IFC 2008 : Enhancing Monitoring and Evaluation for Better Results

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
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The Biennial Report on Operations Evaluation (BROE) in International Finance Corporation (IFC) assesses the adequacy, coverage, and quality of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in IFC and makes recommendations for improvements going forward. It covers IFC management's M&E of its performance and also IEG's independent evaluation activities. In the last three years, IFC has made advances in monitoring and evaluating its performance: (i) new M&E tools have been introduced to cover all active investments and advisory services operations; and (ii) the use of M&E results in informing IFC strategy and in linking incentives to project results has grown. The report recommends that IFC management and Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) develop more robust and consistent metrics for monitoring and assessing IFC's additionality and development impact at the sector and country levels, as IFC transitions to a more programmatic approach in its interventions.

Self-evaluation of the Independent Evaluation Group

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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55.86%
This report presents the self-evaluation of the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) and covers the period from 2005 to the present. The objectives of the evaluation are as: assess IEG's structure and organizational effectiveness; compare the scope and structure of IEG with other development banks, including resource allocation, staffing, and management; assess the effectiveness of IEG in line with applicable existing best practice in multilateral institution; and develop a set of actions that can be taken in the short term, medium term, and longer term. Overall, IEG's organizational systems, reporting structures, and procedures are consistent with the Evaluation Cooperation Group (ECG) good practice standards for independence. However, independence is a precious asset for effective evaluation and is at the heart of its credibility and impartiality. IEG's work is generally viewed as being of good quality, but areas for improvement emerged from the surveys, in particular in relation to processes and the coverage of approach papers. IEG will focus on increasing the impact of evaluation lessons on the World Bank Group. To be an effective catalyst for change...

The World Bank Group and Public Procurement--An Independent Evaluation : Appendixes to Volume 2

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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45.82%
Good public procurement practices are a major determinant of the effectiveness of public expenditure. On behalf of their citizens, governments typically spend as much as 5-20 percent of their gross domestic product on procurement of goods and services, and effective procurement policies enable better use of government budgets. Good national procurement practices are therefore an essential element of the poverty reduction focus of the Bank. Good procurement in Bank projects is also associated with better development outcomes. Equally, sound public procurement in client countries is a prerequisite for the success of the Bank's newly introduced program for results lending instrument. The Bank seeks to ensure that its funds are used for the purpose intended and that they support development effectively and efficiently. Thus, the twin issues that underpin this Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) evaluation are first, how effectively has the World Bank helped build well-functioning public procurement systems in client countries and second...

Knowledge Map : Monitoring and Evaluation

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
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55.98%
Bias is a very real issue in most of the monitoring and evaluation work done of information and communication technologies (ICT) in education issues across the board. Such biases are often introduced at the monitoring and evaluation design stage, and include a lack of relevant and appropriate control groups, biases on the part of 'independent evaluators' (who often have a stake in seeing positive outcomes), and biases on the part of those evaluated (who may understandably seek to show that they have made good use of investments in ICTs to benefit education). The opportunity for such biases (which are usually positive biases) are especially acute where there a great reliance on self-reported data. There appears to be a lack of institutional and human resource capacity to carry out independent evaluations of ICT in education initiatives by local organizations in least development countries (LDCs) (which increases the cost of such activities and potentially decreases the likelihood that the results will be fed back into program design locally). A general lack of formal monitoring and evaluation activities inhibits the collection and dissemination of lessons learned from pilot projects and the useful formation of necessary feedback loops for such lessons learned to become an input into educational policy. Where such activities have occurred...

Addressing the Challenges of Globalization : An Independent Evaluation of the World Bank's Approach to Global Programs

Operations Evaluation Department
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
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55.91%
This report completes the second phase of the Operations Evaluation Department's independent evaluation of the World Bank's involvement in global programs. This Phase 2 report is based on case studies of 26 (of a total of 70) Bank-supported global programs that accounted for 90 percent of the Bank's global program expenditures in 2002. It follows on the phase 1 report completed in 2002 and the meta-evaluation of the CGIAR completed in 2003 that evaluated Bank involvement in global programs. The phase 2 report's recommendations stress two key elements: 1) The need for a global strategy for the Bank that will focus Bank support on high-priority, well-funded global public goods programs and that will be based on a consultative process involving key partners; 2) Better routine management of the global portfolio in order to set international standards for quality, add value, and enhance returns to Bank country operations and clients. The study points out that some key elements of a Bank global strategy would likely include an understanding and exploitation of the comparative advantage of the Bank and its key partners...

Assessing the Monitoring and Evaluation Systems of IFC and MIGA : Biennial Report on Operations Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
The International Finance Corporation (IFC) has advanced systems to gather, analyze, and apply investment and advisory project information. It has made strides in developing, aggregating, disclosing, and strategically using its development indicators. The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) has made progress in upgrading its system of assessing its development performance. There are gaps in terms of measuring private sector development for investment projects and use of relevant standard indicators in advisory services projects. Reliability of data can be enhanced by adding more independent verification. Most self-evaluation has been project focused, but there is much that could be learned by extending evaluation to cover programs and strategies. The systems could be improved in several aspects to make evaluation more effective and to get more value from evaluation lessons. This biennial report on operations evaluation is an evaluation of these systems. It takes stock of the strengths and weaknesses of the development results frameworks in place for IFC investment services...

Trust Fund Support for Development : An Evaluation of the World Bank's Trust Fund Portfolio

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Group Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank Group
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
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In the changing global environment of development cooperation, trust funds have emerged as a significant pillar of the global aid architecture, used to address limitations in bilateral aid and fill perceived gaps in the operations of existing multilateral institutions. They currently account for about 11 percent of official development assistance (ODA), and they finance a substantial part of the World Bank's business. The activities they fund are highly varied, ranging from huge global programs with their own governance structures to conventional development projects, debt and disaster relief operations, and technical assistance. This IEG evaluation, undertaken at the request of World Bank executive directors, assesses the value of the trust fund vehicle as a way of delivering aid and the effectiveness and efficiency of the deployment of trust fund resources. In addition, the evaluation assesses the Bank's management and accountability for the use of trust fund resources and the impact of trust funds on the Bank's development role. The evaluation finds that donors...

Peru : Country Program Evaluation for the World Bank Group, 2003-09

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
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45.89%
Since 2003, Peru has emerged as an open, rapidly growing economy. Over the review period of 2003-09, successive governments adopted policy platforms aimed at maintaining macroeconomic stability, furthering the private sector supply response, broadening participation in growth, improving social service delivery, and strengthening public institutions. The World Bank Group (WBG) supported each of the three pillars of the government's poverty reduction strategy, namely: (i) broad-based economic growth that engaged a higher share of the population; (ii) enhanced human development through improved social service delivery; and (iii) strengthened public sector institutions. Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) recommends that the WBG: (i) tailor its strategy to support long-term integration of Peru's three distinct regions; (ii) seek opportunities to support large-scale infrastructure development; (iii) develop a more strategic approach to helping improve public sector management; (iv) seek further innovations in International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD's) instruments against a backdrop of declining demand for its financial resources; (v) seek to help develop a strategic planning function in Peru; (vi) build a close strategic partnership with development partners that provides concessional finance in the social sectors to optimize synergies with IBRD policy lending and analytic and advisory activities; (vii) develop a strategic focus for International Finance Corporation (IFC) around employment- generating industries in emerging sectors; (viii) maintain IFC's additionality by supporting lower-tier and more regionally dispersed private companies; and (ix) leverage the strong country presence of IBRD and IFC to enhance Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency's (MIGA's) marketing and risk assessment functions.

Influencing Change : Building Evaluation Capacity to Strengthen Governance

Rist, Ray C.; Boily, Marie-Helene; Martin, Frederic
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
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45.95%
Evaluation Capacity Building (ECB) is an often-discussed topic in developing countries and their partner international institutions. This book takes on an elusive yet frequently mentioned concept in development evaluation ECB. Differences and divergences were apparent in the spring of 2009, when the International Development Evaluation Association (IDEAS) held its biannual global assembly in Johannesburg, South Africa, around the theme of 'getting to results: evaluation capacity building and development.' What became apparent was that a number of challenges had already been identified, but that trying to capture lessons learned on effective strategies was difficult, because of the failure to agree upon a unique and coherent definition of ECB, its various objectives and wide scope, and the diversity of institutional contexts in which it takes place. This book brings together the key papers from that global assembly, as well as new papers that reflect on what was learned and shared at the conference.

Independent Evaluation of IFC's Development Results : Knowledge for Private Sector Development

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
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45.87%
Independent evaluation of International Finance Corporations (IFC's) development results 2009 takes stock of the development performance of IFC's investment operations, and examines, for the first time, the development effectiveness of its Advisory Services (AS), thus offering the first holistic review of IFC's development results. On Investment Services (IS), the report finds that 72 percent of operations reaching early operating maturity between 2006 and 2008 met or exceeded their financial, economic, environmental, and social benchmarks, and made contributions to private sector development beyond just the project. This is a significant improvement over the 63 percent achieved between 2005 and 2007. Meanwhile, 70 percent of AS operations reviewed between 2006 and 2008 achieved high development effectiveness ratings. But these development results do not yet reflect the sharp deterioration in global economic conditions, which has just now begun to affect the economic environment in most developing countries. Experience suggests there are considerable risks to development results but crises can also offer new opportunities that need to be grasped. Projects approved in the years prior to a crisis were about 15 percent less likely to achieve good results than otherwise. In the wake of past crises...

Assessing Our Work on Impact Evaluation

Goldstein, Markus; Skoufias, Emmanuel; Fiszbein, Ariel
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
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45.84%
Over the last several years, the World Bank has increasingly engaged in impact evaluations as means of building evidence for results. During this process, the Bank has also produced an extensive variety of knowledge products. However, there are several institutional and resource issues that constrain the effectiveness of our impact evaluation work. This brief outlines recent gains in the Bank's work on impact evaluation, highlights several issues, and proposes some options to continue improving and expanding the Bank's efforts in this area.

A Toolkit for the Evaluation of Financial Capability Programs in Low-, and Middle-Income Countries

Yoong, Joanne; Mihaly, Kata; Bauhoff, Sebastian; Rabinovich, Lila; Hung, Angela
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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45.96%
When resources are scarce and social safety nets are weak, households' ability to manage income and assets wisely may be an important determinant of economic security. However, many open questions remain about how households in low and middle-income countries gain and exercise financial capability, and the best ways for governments and the private and nonprofit sector to help increase this capability. With the exception of a small but important number of studies that have recently been completed or are currently under way, robust evidence regarding the efficacy of financial capability interventions is relatively sparse compared to the level of interest and programmatic activity. One reason for this is a lack of systematic evaluation. The toolkit draws from past experience and the experience of the Russia Financial Literacy and Education Trust Fund pilot projects to provide concrete and tangible examples for the reader that illustrate the specific circumstances and challenges in this field. This toolkit is designed for researchers who are interested in conducting an evaluation of a financial capability program and for policy makers and practitioners interested in commissioning an evaluation. It will also be useful to evaluation researchers who want to brush up on a research technique they are less familiar with or who are new to the area of financial capability and financial education...

Using Training to Build Capacity for Development : An Evaluation of the World Bank's Project-Based and WBI Training

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
To achieve the goals of sustainable growth and poverty reduction, developing countries need strong national institutions. To this end, the World Bank has devoted significant resources to building the capacity of institutions and organizations in client countries. The Bank helps countries build capacity through a variety of diverse but complementary means, including technical assistance, studies, equipment, and training. This evaluation addresses these questions and examines how training is used alongside other Bank support to achieve clients' capacity building objectives. The World Bank invests an estimated $720 million annually in support of client training. Over 90 percent is financed through investment projects, with the remainder provided through the World Bank Institute (WBI). This evaluation represents the first time that the World Bank's training investments have been examined to determine the impact of training on clients' capacity- building objectives and to obtain insights into the factors driving success or failure. It presents a rich set of ideas for improving the effectiveness of both WBI and project- financed training...

World Bank Group Support for Innovation and Entrepreneurship : An Independent Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
World Bank Group management welcomes Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) review of innovation and entrepreneurship. The global financial crisis required developing economies to actively seek new sources of economic growth. Natural resource-intensive economies are pursuing new ways to diversify their productive capacity to build resilience to commodity cycles. Middle-income countries (MICs) are looking for ways to escape the middle-income trap. A number of developmental challenges, from climate adaptation to food security and health, require new, efficient technological solutions adapted to developing countries' needs. In such context, innovation and entrepreneurship are increasingly seen as essential ingredients for economic and social prosperity. The report notes there are limited mechanisms in place to share learning about innovation and entrepreneurship and few formal efforts to improve coordination. However, important initiatives are already under way to foster learning, cross fertilization, and codification of knowledge to support innovation policy. The innovation...