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Impaired calcium influx despite hyper-reactivity in contralateral carotid following balloon injury: eNOS involvement

PEREIRA, Aline C.; OLIVON, Vania C.; OLIVEIRA, Ana M. de
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Balloon catheter injury results in hyper-reactivity to phenylephrine in contralateral carotids. Decreased nitric oxide (NO) modulation and/or increased intracellular calcium concentration triggers vascular smooth muscle contraction. Therefore, this study explores the participation of NO signaling pathway and calcium mobilization on hyper-reactivity to phenylephrine in contralateral carotids. Concentration-response curves for calcium (CaCl(2)) and phenylephrine were obtained in control and contralateral carotids four days after balloon injury, in the presence and absence of the inhibitors (L-NAME, L-NNA, 1400W, 7-NI, Oxyhemoglobin, ODQ or Tiron). Confocal microscopy using Fluo-3AM or DHE was performed to detect the intracellular levels of calcium and reactive oxygen species, respectively. The modulation of NO on phenylephrine-induced contraction was absent in the contralateral carotid. Phenylephrine-induced intracellular calcium mobilization was not altered in contralateral carotids. However, extracellular calcium mobilization by phenylephrine was reduced in the contralateral carotid compared to control arteries, and this result was confirmed by confocal microscopy. L-NAME increased phenylephrine-induced extracellular calcium mobilization in the contralateral carotid to the control levels. Results obtained with L-NNA...

eNOS haplotype associated with hypertension in obese children and adolescents

SOUZA-COSTA, D. C.; BELO, V. A.; SILVA, P. S.; METZGER, I. F.; LANNA, C. M.; MACHADO, M. A.; TANUS-SANTOS, J. E.
Fonte: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP Publicador: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
Objective: The aim of our study is to investigate whether genetic polymorphisms in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene (in the promoter region T(-786)C, in exon 7 (Glu298Asp) and in intron 4 (4b/4a)) or eNOS haplotypes are associated with hypertension in obese children and adolescents. Methods: We genotyped 175 healthy (controls), 110 normotensive obese and 73 hypertensive obese children and adolescents. Genotypes were determined by Taqman allele discrimination assay and real-time PCR, and by PCR followed by fragment separation by electrophoresis. We compared the distribution of eNOS genotypes, alleles and haplotypes in the three study groups of subjects. We have also measured whole-blood nitrite concentrations. Results: The 4a4a genotype for the intron 4 polymorphism was more common in normotensive obese and hypertensive obese (P < 0.01). The AspAsp genotype for Glu298Asp polymorphism was less common in normotensive obese (P < 0.02). No significant differences were found in allele distributions for the three eNOS polymorphisms. However, the haplotype combining the C, 4b and Glu variants for the three polymorphisms was more common in hypertensive obese than in normotensive obese or control children and adolescents (odds ratio = 2.28 and 2.79...

eNOS haplotypes affect the responsiveness to antihypertensive therapy in preeclampsia but not in gestational hypertension

SANDRIM, V. C.; PALEI, A. C. T.; LUIZON, M. R.; IZIDORO-TOLEDO, T. C.; CAVALLI, R. C.; TANUS-SANTOS, J. E.
Fonte: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP Publicador: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.14%
Variations of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene have been associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. We examined whether eNOS polymorphisms affect the therapeutic responses of women with gestational hypertension (GH) or preeclampsia (PE). We studied 304 hypertensive pregnant women (152 GH and 152 PE), who were stratified according to clinical and laboratorial parameters of therapeutic responsiveness. We compared the frequencies of three eNOS genetic polymorphisms (T-786C, Glu298Asp and b/a intron 4) in responsive and nonresponsive PE and GH patients. We found no significant differences in genotype or allele distributions when responsive and nonresponsive groups were compared (both PE or GH; all P > 0.05). However, the eNOS haplotype distribution differed in PE (but not in GH)-responsive and -nonresponsive groups (P = 0.0003). The `C-Glu-a` and `T-Asp-a` hapotypes were associated with responsiveness and nonresponsiveness to therapy, respectively (both P < 0.001), thus suggesting that eNOS haplotypes affect the responsiveness to antihypertensive therapy in PE. The Pharmacogenomics Journal (2010) 10, 40-45; doi: 10.1038/tpj.2009.38; published online 25 August 2009; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq); Coordenadoria de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES)

eNOS haplotypes associated with gestational hypertension or preeclampsia

SANDRINI, Valeria C.; PALEI, Ana C. T.; CAVALLI, Ricardo C.; ARAUJO, Francielle M.; RAMOS, Ester S.; DUARTE, Geraldo; TANUS-SANTOS, Jose E.
Fonte: FUTURE MEDICINE LTD Publicador: FUTURE MEDICINE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.14%
Aims: Polymorphisms in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene have been inconsistently associated with preeclampsia. We compared genotype and haplotype frequencies of three eNOS gene polymorphisms in normotensive and hypertensive pregnancies. Methods: Genotypes and haplotypes for eNOS polymorphisms (T-786C, Glu298Asp and intron 4 b/a) were determined in 326 pregnant women (1110 healthy pregnancies, 103 gestational hypertensives and 113 preeclamptic). Results: No differences were observed in the frequencies of genotypes and alleles of the three polymorphisms among the groups (all p > 0.05). However, the haplotype `T Glu a` was more common in healthy pregnancies than in gestational hypertensives or preeclamptic (20 vs 6 and 6%, respectively; p < 0.0032). Conversely, the haplotype `C Glu a` was more common in gestational hypertensives and preeclamptic than in healthy pregnancies (117 vs 17 and 5%; p = 0.0061). Conclusion: These findings suggest a contribution of eNOS haplotypes to the development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy that is obscured when specific eNOS genotypes alone are considered.; Fundacao de Amparo Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); CNPq Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico

Effects of aerobic exercise on the blood pressure, oxidative stress and eNOS gene polymorphism in pre-hypertensive older people

ZAGO, Anderson Saranz; SILVEIRA, Leonardo Reis; KOKUBUN, Eduardo
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
The polymorphisms of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) are associated with reduced eNOS activity. Aerobic exercise training (AEX) may influence resting nitric oxide (NO) production, oxidative stress and blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of AEX on the relationship among blood pressure, eNOS gene polymorphism and oxidative stress in pre-hypertensive older people. 118 pre-hypertensive subjects (59 +/- A 6 years) had blood samples collected after a 12 h overnight fast for assessing plasma NO metabolites (NOx) assays, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (T-BARS) and superoxide dismutase activity (ecSOD). eNOS polymorphism (T-786C and G-894T) was done by standard PCR methods. All people were divided according to the genotype results (G1: TT/GG, G2: TT/GT + TT, G3: TC + CC/GG, G4: TC + CC/GT + TT). All parameters were measured before and after 6 months of AEX (70% of VO(2 max)). At baseline, no difference was found in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, ecSOD and T-BARS activity. Plasma NOx levels were significantly different between G1 (19 +/- A 1 mu M) and G4 (14.2 +/- A 0.6 mu M) and between G2 (20.1 +/- A 1.7 mu M) and G4 (14.2 +/- A 0.6 mu M). Therefore, reduced NOx concentration in G4 group occurred only when the polymorphisms were associated...

Infliximab prevents increased systolic blood pressure and upregulates the AKT/eNOS pathway in the aorta of spontaneously hypertensive rats

Gazzoto Filho, Ademir; Kinote, Andrezza; Pereira, Daniel J.; Rennó, André; Santos, Rodrigo C. dos; Ferreira-Melo, Silvia E.; Velloso, Licio A.; Silva, Silvana Auxiliadora Bordin da; Anhê, Gabriel F.; Moreno Junior, Heitor
Fonte: Elsevier Science; Amsterdam Publicador: Elsevier Science; Amsterdam
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.09%
High systolic blood pressure caused by endothelial dysfunction is a comorbidity of metabolic syndrome that is mediated by local inflammatory signals. Insulin-induced vasorelaxation due to endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activation is highly dependent on the activation of the upstream insulin-stimulated serine/threonine kinase (AKT) and is severely impaired in obese, hypertensive rodents and humans. Neutralisation of circulating tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) with infliximab improves glucose homeostasis, but the consequences of this pharmacological strategy on systolic blood pressure and eNOS activation are unknown. To address this issue, we assessed the temporal changes in the systolic pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) treated with infliximab. We also assessed the activation of critical proteins that mediate insulin activity and TNFα-mediated insulin resistance in the aorta and cardiac left ventricle. Our data demonstrate that infliximab prevents the upregulation of both systolic pressure and left ventricle hypertrophy in SHR. These effects paralleled an increase in AKT/eNOS phosphorylation and a reduction in the phosphorylation of inhibitor of nuclear factor-κB (Iκβ) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) in the aorta. Overall...

Influence of eNOS gene polymorphism on cardiometabolic parameters in response to physical training in postmenopausal women

Esposti, R. D.; Sponton, C. H. G.; Malagrino, P. A.; Carvalho, F. C.; Peres, E.; Puga, G. M.; Novais, I. P.; Albuquerque, D. M.; Rodovalho, C.; Bacci, M.; Zanesco, Angelina
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 855-863
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.03%
The health-promoting effects of exercise training (ET) are related to nitric oxide (NO) production and/or its bioavailability. The objective of this study was to determine whether single nucleotide polymorphism of the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) gene at positions -786T>C, G894T (Glu298Asp) and at the variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) Intron 4b/a would interfere with the cardiometabolic responses of postmenopausal women submitted to physical training. Forty-nine postmenopausal women were trained in sessions of 30-40 min, 3 days a week for 8 weeks. Genotypes, oxidative stress status and cardiometabolic parameters were then evaluated in a double-blind design. Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were significantly reduced after ET, which was genotype-independent. However, women without eNOS gene polymorphism at position -786T>C (TT genotype) and Intron 4b/a (bb genotype) presented a better reduction of total cholesterol levels (-786T>C: before = 213 ± 12.1, after = 159.8 ± 14.4, Δ = -24.9% and Intron 4b/a: before = 211.8 ± 7.4, after = 180.12 ± 6.4 mg/dL, Δ = -15%), and LDL cholesterol (-786T>C: before = 146.1 ± 13.3, after = 82.8 ± 9.2, Δ = -43.3% and Intron 4b/a: before = 143.2 ± 8, after = 102.7 ± 5.8 mg/dL...

Effects of aerobic exercise on the blood pressure, oxidative stress and eNOS gene polymorphism in pre-hypertensive older people

Zago, Anderson Saranz; Silveira, Leonardo Reis; Kokubun, Eduardo
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 825-832
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Processo FAPESP: 04/07779-4; The polymorphisms of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) are associated with reduced eNOS activity. Aerobic exercise training (AEX) may influence resting nitric oxide (NO) production, oxidative stress and blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of AEX on the relationship among blood pressure, eNOS gene polymorphism and oxidative stress in pre-hypertensive older people. 118 pre-hypertensive subjects (59 +/- A 6 years) had blood samples collected after a 12 h overnight fast for assessing plasma NO metabolites (NOx) assays, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (T-BARS) and superoxide dismutase activity (ecSOD). eNOS polymorphism (T-786C and G-894T) was done by standard PCR methods. All people were divided according to the genotype results (G1: TT/GG, G2: TT/GT + TT, G3: TC + CC/GG, G4: TC + CC/GT + TT). All parameters were measured before and after 6 months of AEX (70% of VO(2 max)). At baseline, no difference was found in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, ecSOD and T-BARS activity. Plasma NOx levels were significantly different between G1 (19 +/- A 1 mu M) and G4 (14.2 +/- A 0.6 mu M) and between G2 (20.1 +/- A 1.7 mu M) and G4 (14.2 +/- A 0.6 mu M). Therefore...

Women with TT genotype for eNOS gene are more responsive in lowering blood pressure in response to exercise

Sponton, Carlos H. G.; Rezende, Tiago M.; Mallagrino, Pamella A.; Franco-Penteado, Carla F.; Bezerra, Marcos Andre C.; Zanesco, Angelina
Fonte: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Publicador: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 676-681
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.09%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Introduction The aim of this study was to investigate whether -786T > C endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphism might influence the effect of long-term exercise training (ET) on the blood pressure and its relationship with NO production in healthy postmenopausal women. Design Longitudinal study.Method Fifty-five postmenopausal women were studied in a double-blinded design. ET was performed for 3 days a week, each session consisting of 60 min during 6 months, in an intensity of 50-70% VO(2max). After that, eNOS genotype analysis was performed and women were divided into two groups: TC + CC (n = 41) and TT (n = 14) genotype.Results No changes were found in the anthropometric parameters after ET in both the groups. Systolic and diastolic BP values were significantly reduced in both the groups, but women with TT genotype were more responsive in lowering BP as compared with those with TC + CC genotype. Plasma nitrite/nitrate concentrations were similar at baseline in both the groups, but the magnitude of increment in NO production in response to ET was higher in women with TT genotype as compared with those with TC + CC genotype.Conclusion Our study shows clearly that women with or without eNOS gene polymorphism had no differences in NO production at basal conditions...

Infliximab prevents increased systolic blood pressure and upregulates the AKT/eNOS pathway in the aorta of spontaneously hypertensive rats

Gazzoto Filho, Ademir; Kinote, Andrezza; Pereira, Daniel J.; Rennó, André; Santos, Rodrigo C. dos; Ferreira-Melo, Silvia E.; Velloso, Licio A.; Bordin, Silvana; Anhê, Gabriel F.; Moreno Júnior, Heitor
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 201-209
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.09%
High systolic blood pressure caused by endothelial dysfunction is a comorbidity of metabolic syndrome that is mediated by local inflammatory signals. Insulin-induced vasorelaxation due to endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activation is highly dependent on the activation of the upstream insulin-stimulated serine/threonine kinase (AKT) and is severely impaired in obese, hypertensive rodents and humans. Neutralisation of circulating tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) with infliximab improves glucose homeostasis, but the consequences of this pharmacological strategy on systolic blood pressure and eNOS activation are unknown. To address this issue, we assessed the temporal changes in the systolic pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) treated with infliximab. We also assessed the activation of critical proteins that mediate insulin activity and TNFα-mediated insulin resistance in the aorta and cardiac left ventricle. Our data demonstrate that infliximab prevents the upregulation of both systolic pressure and left ventricle hypertrophy in SHR. These effects paralleled an increase in AKT/eNOS phosphorylation and a reduction in the phosphorylation of inhibitor of nuclear factor-κB (Iκβ) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) in the aorta. Overall...

Simvastatin treatment increases nitrite levels in obese women: Modulation by T-786C polymorphism of eNOS

Andrade, V. L.; Sertório, J. T. C.; Eleuterio, N. M.; Tanus-Santos, J. E.; Fernandes, K. S.; Sandrim, V. C.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 83-87
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Objective and Subjects: Evidence indicates an impairment of nitric oxide (NO) in obesity. Statins present pleiotropic effects independently of cholesterol-lowering, including increasing of eNOS expression and antioxidant effects. We evaluated the effects of simvastatin treatment at 45 days on circulating nitrite (NO marker) and TBARS-MDA levels in obese women without comorbidities (hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia). Moreover, we verified whether obese women carrying the C variant of T-786C polymorphism located in eNOS may have increased levels of nitrite after treatment compared to TT genotype. Results: After simvastatin treatment, while the plasma nitrite levels increased 42% (P = 0.0008), the TBARS-MDA levels reduced 58% (P = 0.0069). We observed increased levels of nitrite in both groups of genotypes (TT vs. TC + CC); however, rise in C-allele carriers was 60% comparing with 44% in TT. Conclusion: Our results demonstrated a restoration of nitrite levels in obese women treated with simvastatin, which is modulated by T-786C polymorphism. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

eNOS haplotype associated with hypertension in obese children and adolescents

SOUZA-COSTA, D. C.; BELO, V. A.; SILVA, P. S.; METZGER, I. F.; LANNA, C. M.; MACHADO, M. A.; TANUS-SANTOS, J. E.
Fonte: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP Publicador: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
Objective: The aim of our study is to investigate whether genetic polymorphisms in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene (in the promoter region T(-786)C, in exon 7 (Glu298Asp) and in intron 4 (4b/4a)) or eNOS haplotypes are associated with hypertension in obese children and adolescents. Methods: We genotyped 175 healthy (controls), 110 normotensive obese and 73 hypertensive obese children and adolescents. Genotypes were determined by Taqman allele discrimination assay and real-time PCR, and by PCR followed by fragment separation by electrophoresis. We compared the distribution of eNOS genotypes, alleles and haplotypes in the three study groups of subjects. We have also measured whole-blood nitrite concentrations. Results: The 4a4a genotype for the intron 4 polymorphism was more common in normotensive obese and hypertensive obese (P < 0.01). The AspAsp genotype for Glu298Asp polymorphism was less common in normotensive obese (P < 0.02). No significant differences were found in allele distributions for the three eNOS polymorphisms. However, the haplotype combining the C, 4b and Glu variants for the three polymorphisms was more common in hypertensive obese than in normotensive obese or control children and adolescents (odds ratio = 2.28 and 2.79...

eNOS haplotypes affect the responsiveness to antihypertensive therapy in preeclampsia but not in gestational hypertension

SANDRIM, V. C.; PALEI, A. C. T.; LUIZON, M. R.; IZIDORO-TOLEDO, T. C.; CAVALLI, R. C.; TANUS-SANTOS, J. E.
Fonte: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP Publicador: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.14%
Variations of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene have been associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. We examined whether eNOS polymorphisms affect the therapeutic responses of women with gestational hypertension (GH) or preeclampsia (PE). We studied 304 hypertensive pregnant women (152 GH and 152 PE), who were stratified according to clinical and laboratorial parameters of therapeutic responsiveness. We compared the frequencies of three eNOS genetic polymorphisms (T-786C, Glu298Asp and b/a intron 4) in responsive and nonresponsive PE and GH patients. We found no significant differences in genotype or allele distributions when responsive and nonresponsive groups were compared (both PE or GH; all P > 0.05). However, the eNOS haplotype distribution differed in PE (but not in GH)-responsive and -nonresponsive groups (P = 0.0003). The `C-Glu-a` and `T-Asp-a` hapotypes were associated with responsiveness and nonresponsiveness to therapy, respectively (both P < 0.001), thus suggesting that eNOS haplotypes affect the responsiveness to antihypertensive therapy in PE. The Pharmacogenomics Journal (2010) 10, 40-45; doi: 10.1038/tpj.2009.38; published online 25 August 2009; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)

eNOS haplotypes associated with gestational hypertension or preeclampsia

SANDRINI, Valeria C.; PALEI, Ana C. T.; CAVALLI, Ricardo C.; ARAUJO, Francielle M.; RAMOS, Ester S.; DUARTE, Geraldo; TANUS-SANTOS, Jose E.
Fonte: FUTURE MEDICINE LTD Publicador: FUTURE MEDICINE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.14%
Aims: Polymorphisms in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene have been inconsistently associated with preeclampsia. We compared genotype and haplotype frequencies of three eNOS gene polymorphisms in normotensive and hypertensive pregnancies. Methods: Genotypes and haplotypes for eNOS polymorphisms (T-786C, Glu298Asp and intron 4 b/a) were determined in 326 pregnant women (1110 healthy pregnancies, 103 gestational hypertensives and 113 preeclamptic). Results: No differences were observed in the frequencies of genotypes and alleles of the three polymorphisms among the groups (all p > 0.05). However, the haplotype `T Glu a` was more common in healthy pregnancies than in gestational hypertensives or preeclamptic (20 vs 6 and 6%, respectively; p < 0.0032). Conversely, the haplotype `C Glu a` was more common in gestational hypertensives and preeclamptic than in healthy pregnancies (117 vs 17 and 5%; p = 0.0061). Conclusion: These findings suggest a contribution of eNOS haplotypes to the development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy that is obscured when specific eNOS genotypes alone are considered.; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)

Influence of eNOS gene polymorphism on cardiometabolic parameters in response to physical training in postmenopausal women

Esposti,R.D.; Sponton,C.H.G.; Malagrino,P.A.; Carvalho,F.C.; Peres,E.; Puga,G.M.; Novais,I.P.; Albuquerque,D.M.; Rodovalho,C.; Bacci,M.; Zanesco,A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.03%
The health-promoting effects of exercise training (ET) are related to nitric oxide (NO) production and/or its bioavailability. The objective of this study was to determine whether single nucleotide polymorphism of the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) gene at positions -786T>C, G894T (Glu298Asp) and at the variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) Intron 4b/a would interfere with the cardiometabolic responses of postmenopausal women submitted to physical training. Forty-nine postmenopausal women were trained in sessions of 30-40 min, 3 days a week for 8 weeks. Genotypes, oxidative stress status and cardiometabolic parameters were then evaluated in a double-blind design. Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were significantly reduced after ET, which was genotype-independent. However, women without eNOS gene polymorphism at position -786T>C (TT genotype) and Intron 4b/a (bb genotype) presented a better reduction of total cholesterol levels (-786T>C: before = 213 ± 12.1, after = 159.8 ± 14.4, Δ = -24.9% and Intron 4b/a: before = 211.8 ± 7.4, after = 180.12 ± 6.4 mg/dL, Δ = -15%), and LDL cholesterol (-786T>C: before = 146.1 ± 13.3, after = 82.8 ± 9.2, Δ = -43.3% and Intron 4b/a: before = 143.2 ± 8, after = 102.7 ± 5.8 mg/dL...

Resveratrol enhances GLUT-4 translocation to the caveolar lipid raft fractions through AMPK/Akt/eNOS signalling pathway in diabetic myocardium

Penumathsa, S Varma; Thirunavukkarasu, M; Zhan, L; Maulik, G; Menon, V P; Bagchi, D; Maulik, N
Fonte: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd Publicador: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.03%
Homeostasis of blood glucose by insulin involves stimulation of glucose uptake by translocation of glucose transporter Glut-4 from intracellular pool to the caveolar membrane system. In this study we examined resveratrol (RSV)-mediated Glut-4 translocation in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic myocardium. The rats were randomized into three groups: Control (Con), Diabetes Mellitus (DM) (STZ 65 mg/kg b.w., i.p.) & DM + RSV (2.5 mg/kg b.wt. for 2 weeks orally) (RSV). Isolated rat hearts were used as per the experimental model. RSV induced glucose uptake was observed in vitro with H9c2 cardiac myoblast cells. Decreased blood glucose level was observed after 30 days (375 mg/dl) in RSV-treated rats when compared to DM (587 mg/dl). Treatment with RSV demonstrated increased Adenosine Mono Phosphate Kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation compared to DM. Lipid raft fractions demonstrated decreased expression of Glut-4, Cav-3 (0.4, 0.6-fold) in DM which was increased to 0.75-and 1.1-fold on RSV treatment as compared to control. Increased Cav-1 expression (1.4-fold) in DM was reduced to 0.7-fold on RSV treatment. Increased phosphorylation of endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase (eNOS) & Akt was also observed in RSV compared to DM (P< 0.05). Confocal microscopy and co-immunoprecipitation studies demonstrated decreased association of Glut-4/Cav-3 and increased association of Cav-1/eNOS in DM as compared to control and converse results were obtained on RSV treatment. Our results suggests that the effect of RSV is non-insulin dependent and triggers some of the similar intracellular insulin signalling components in myocardium such as eNOS...

Associação do polimorfismo da óxido nitrico endotelial (eNOS) T-786C com moléculas do metabolismo lipídico e inflamatório em amostras de mulheres grávidas

Nascimento, Rafaella Adalgisa Silva do; Martins, Danyelly Bruneska Gondim (Orientadora)
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pernambuco Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
Tipo: Dissertação
BR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
A gestação é um fenômeno fisiológico que se inicia com a fecundação e progride no sentido de promover um ambiente adequado onde o feto possa crescer e formar um novo indivíduo com todo seu potencial genético expresso. Durante este período, os níveis lipídicos normalmente aumentam para permitir a manutenção da homeostase entre mãe e feto. Níveis lipídicos anormais estão relacionados com disfunção endotelial, reduzindo a produção de óxido nítrico (NO) e causando complicações para mãe e para o desenvolvimento fetal. O NO é principal regulador de eventos feto-placentários sendo produzido a partir da ação de 3 isoformas da óxido nítrico sintase (NOS). Polimorfismos de base única (SNPs) na NOS endotelial (eNOS) tem sido correlacionados à diversas patologias, sendo T-786C um dos SNPs responsáveis por reduzir a expressão da eNOS em 50%. Nosso estudo estabeleceu uma análise sobre estudo sobre o polimorfismo T-786C no gene da eNOS em mulheres no terceiro trimestre de gravidez, observando a possível associação com moléculas lipídicas e com a proteína c-reativa (PCR). Adicionalmente, a partir de ferramentas in silico, foram desenhados modelos de interação proteína-proteína (networks) para compreensão da importância do metabolismo da eNOS em condições normais e com patologias. Amostras de 92 mulheres grávidas foram submetidas à extração de DNA...

Association of polymorphisms of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene with the risk of primary open angle glaucoma in a Brazilian population

da Silva, Thiago Magalhaes; Rocha, Auta Viviane; Lacchini, Riccardo; Marques, Cintia Rodrigues; Silva, Elias Souza; Tanus-Santos, Jose Eduardo; Rios-Santos, Fabricio
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV; AMSTERDAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.09%
The present study aimed to investigate the association of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphisms with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). We conducted a case-control study that included 90 patients with POAG and 127 healthy controls whose blood samples were genotyped for the functional polymorphisms T-786C and Glu298Asp of the eNOS gene by Taqman fluorescent allelic discrimination assay. The T-786C polymorphism was significantly associated as a risk factor for POAG among women (OR: 228; 95% CI: 1.11 to 4.70, p = 0.024) and marginally associated to the risk of POAG in the patients >= 52 years of age at diagnosis (OR: 2.11; 95% CI: 0.98 to 4.55, p = 0,055). However, these results was not confirmed after adjustments for gender, age, self-declared skin color, tobacco smoking and eNOS genotypes by multivariate logistic regression model (OR: 2.08; 95% CI: 0.87 to 5.01, p = 0.101 and OR: 2.20; 95% CI: 0.95 to 5.12, p = 0.067, respectively). The haplotype CG of T-786C and Glu298Asp showed a borderline association with risk of POAG in the overall analysis (OR: 1.76; 95% CI: 0.98 to 3.14, p = 0.055) and among women (OR: 2.02; 95% CI: 0.98 to 4.16, p = 0.052). Furthermore, the CG haplotype was significantly associated with the development of POAG for the age at diagnosis group >= 52 years (OR: 3.48; 95% CI: 1.54 to 7.84...

Influência dos fenômenos ENOS na ocorrência de frentes frias no litoral Sul do Brasil

Pereira, Natalia; Ribeiro, Andrea de Lima; D'Incao, Fernando
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Os fenômenos climáticos de grande escala El Niño e La Niña estão associados a variações na temperatura da superfície do mar no oceano Pacífico equatorial. No extremo sul do Brasil, esses fenômenos são responsáveis pela mudança dos padrões de ocorrência e intensidade dos sistemas frontais. Portanto, foi de interesse desta pesquisa avaliar alguns eventos para compreender melhor seus efeitos. Foram analisados três períodos: Junho de 2004 a Maio de 2005; Junho de 2005 a Maio de 2006 e Junho de 2007 a Maio de 2008. Esses espaços de tempo correspondem a um período de El Niño, Neutro e La Niña, respectivamente. A análise das frentes foi realizada através de cartas sinóticas do Centro de Previsão do Tempo e Estudos Climáticos-CPTEC. As frentes foram contabilizadas e classificadas de acordo com a sua intensidade. Além disso, foram realizadas correlações lineares entre um índice de intensidade dos ENOS, disponibilizado pelo National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), e a intensidade das frentes. Os resultados foram agrupados sazonalmente. No fenômeno El Niño, ocorreu uma diminuição na quantidade de frentes frias na região em todas as estações, exceto no outono, e a maior diferença aconteceu no verão...

Impacto del ENOS sobre los rendimientos de maíz en la región pampeana argentina

Fernández Long,M. E.; Spescha,L.; Hurtado,R.; Murphy,G. M.
Fonte: Agriscientia Publicador: Agriscientia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2011 ES
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El fenómeno de “El Niño - Oscilación del Sur” (ENOS) es uno de los principales responsables de la variabilidad climática interanual, con influencia sobre la región pampeana argentina. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar el impacto del ENOS sobre las variaciones anuales de la producción de maíz. La región fue dividida en 10 zonas en las cuales los rendimientos tienen una variabilidad interanual homogénea. Se utilizaron diferentes índices del ENOS. Los resultados indicaron que, en la mayor parte de la región, los desvíos de los rendimientos son, en general, positivos durante eventos “El Niño” y negativos durante “La Niña”. Sin embargo, el impacto es muy fuerte al norte y centro de la región analizada, y se debilita hacia el sur. En el sudeste de la provincia de Buenos Aires el comportamiento es diferente que en el resto. Los índices promediados de mayo a julio son, en general, un buen indicador de la influencia del ENOS sobre la productividad de los cultivos, y brindan una adecuada información para la toma de decisiones de la empresa agropecuaria, con suficiente anticipación respecto del comienzo de la campaña.