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A Sourcebook of HIV/AIDS Prevention Programs : Education Sector-Wide Approaches

Beasley, Michael; Valerio, Alexandria; Bundy, Donald A. P.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
This sourcebook aims to support efforts by countries to strengthen the role of the education sector in the prevention of HIV/AIDS. It was developed in response to numerous requests for a simple forum to help countries share their practical experiences of designing and implementing programs that are targeted at school-age children. The sourcebook seeks to fulfill this role by providing concise summaries of programs, using a standard format that highlights the main elements of the programs and makes it easier to compare the programs with each other. All the programs are summarized in section two, which allows those seeking advice on program design to browse through the various options and identify those that might reward further study. The full program reports for each country are given in section three. Each program report follows the same format, so the reader can more easily find those aspects of the program that are of specific interest. The consistent design also allows for ease of comparison between programs. There are four main sections within each full program report. Part A gives an overview of the program...

Lesotho - Education Sector Development Project

Mastri, Lawrence
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
The objectives of the Education Sector Development Project (ESDP) addresses critical needs in the areas of basic education, such as expanding access through the construction, and furnishing of new classrooms. The project aimed to revise curricula, develop instructional materials, and strengthen the system of assessment. In addition to recruiting more teachers, training for teachers at both pre-and-in service was planned to upgrade the standards of teaching. To address the needs of students enrolled in Technical and Vocational Education programs, the project proposed to introduce standardized craft curricula, strengthen skills certification and testing, and improve policy and management capacity within the sub sector. The project planned to support the National University of Lesotho in its efforts to introduce quality enhancement and cost containment measures. Finally, the objectives included improving sectoral management by reorganizing the Ministry of Education (MOE), promoting decentralization, and school level management.

Romania - Functional Review : Higher Education Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
This review provides a discussion of challenges faced by Romania as a results of reforms, policy changes, growth in enrollment, among others, and provides policy options on how to tackle them. The review focuses on the higher education sector as a whole and how it is managed as a system by the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sport (MERYS). The team assessed how the system is structured, led and managed by MERYS and not how each and every university is structured, led and managed internally. Some internal issues that confront higher education institutions were, however, reviewed since they are common to so many institutions that, by reason of commonality, they deserve to be addressed so that the Ministry can develop appropriate responses. The report includes a large number of findings, conclusions and recommendations. Some of the findings and conclusions require no recommendations. They indicate that the review team is happy with what it found in specific areas and they are included in the report since the team was required to cover these areas and since the team wants to give credit where credit is due. There are other findings and conclusions...

Public Expenditure Tracking Survey : Afghanistan - Education Sector, Synthesis Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
The Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) looked at four components essential to the strengthening and development of the education sector in Afghanistan: 1) the payment of staff salaries; 2) the availability and use of an operations and maintenance (O&M) budget to support administrative teams and schools; 3) the construction of new schools through the Education Quality Improvement Program (EQUIP); and 4) the distribution of textbooks. The overall objective of the PETS is to understand the dynamics of resource flows in the education sector, to articulate a number of recommendations to improve effectiveness of this resource flow and increase the impact of reforms in the education sector in Afghanistan. This first study will focus on key aspects of resource flow: the extent to which public resources reach service-delivery points (schools); the timeliness of that delivery; the type and scale of bottlenecks and anomalies in the system that may result in delay or leakage of inputs to services; the capacity and flexibility available amongst local officials at all levels to address these bottlenecks. The report is organized as follows: section two presents an overview of the financial landscape of education in the country as well as specific profiles of the three provinces and districts where the research was carried out. Section three looks at the issues related to the payment of salaries and wages to teachers. Section four presents the factors that lead to inefficiencies in meeting the O&M needs of schools and provincial offices. Section five presents the state of completion of schools under EQUIPs and analyses the reasons that lead to these in the three provinces. Section six tracks the distribution of textbooks to provinces from the central level to the schools.

Arab Republic of Egypt - Education Sector Review : Progress and Priorities for the Future, Volume 1. Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
This study assesses the educational progress of Egypt, especially in basic education and identifies the issues that still need to be addressed. At the level of basic education real progress has been made on narrowing regional and reducing gender disparities, reducing class size, eliminating multiple shifts, increasing class instructional time, and introducing technology in the classroom. While Egypt is to be lauded for its significant achievements, problems persist in the education sector. Of particular concern are the problems of the poor. The poor face numerous disadvantages in educating their children, mostly due to: more children per household, low parental education, very limited access to kindergarten, and a high private cost of public schooling. As a result, of all children age seven to eleven who are not attending school, 50 percent are from the poorest segment of the population. While Egypt has embarked on an ambitious and comprehensive education reform program, it faces numerous challenges to attain its educational goals. Foremost among the challenges are: a) improve the quality of schooling...

Arab Republic of Egypt - Education Sector Review : Progress and Priorities for the Future, Volume 2. Statistical Annexes

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.19%
This study assesses the educational progress of Egypt, especially in basic education and identifies the issues that still need to be addressed. At the level of basic education real progress has been made on narrowing regional and reducing gender disparities, reducing class size, eliminating multiple shifts, increasing class instructional time, and introducing technology in the classroom. While Egypt is to be lauded for its significant achievements, problems persist in the education sector. Of particular concern are the problems of the poor. The poor face numerous disadvantages in educating their children, mostly due to: more children per household, low parental education, very limited access to kindergarten, and a high private cost of public schooling. As a result, of all children age seven to eleven who are not attending school, 50 percent are from the poorest segment of the population. While Egypt has embarked on an ambitious and comprehensive education reform program, it faces numerous challenges to attain its educational goals. Foremost among the challenges are: a) improve the quality of schooling...

The Education Sector

Shaw, Rajib; Takeuchi, Yukiko; Arnold, Margaret; Arakida, Masaru
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
Although the education sector sustained considerable damage in the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), it also played a key role in protecting lives. Importantly, it provided both civil protection hardware and software: school buildings served as evacuation shelters and transition shelters, and the school curricula ensured that children knew how to prepare for and react in emergencies. The performance of schools in responding to the GEJE provided a number of important lessons about the role of the education sector in disaster risk management. This report gives findings; lessons; and recommendations for developing countries.

Republic of Sierra Leone : Higher and Tertiary Education Sector Policy Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
Chapter one provides background and context for these policy notes. It includes information on the history of Higher and Tertiary Education (HTEs), learning structures, the economy, relevant legal frameworks, and the general education sector. Chapter two deals with quality assurance: the structures of administration, legal framework, monitoring Commissions, internal and external quality assurance, policies, accreditation and participants. Chapter three highlights issues of academic Relevance to economic, social and national development. It reviews the Government of Sierra Leone (GOSL) priorities, the labor market, skills and competencies and employment status and opportunities for Higher and Tertiary Education Institution, or HTI graduates. The chapter further explores the supply of programs and courses while identifying gaps in offerings. Recommendations are provided. Chapter Four provides insight into the Cost and Financing of HTIs. The report highlights the financing of institutions, public financing, subventions...

Arab Republic of Egypt - Improving Quality, Equality, and Efficiency in the Education Sector : Fostering a Competent Generation of Youth

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
The purpose of this report is to support the government of the Arab Republic of Egypt in reviewing the status of the pre-university education sector; and in identifying the key challenges it faces as it develops and implements a strategic plan to enhance its base of human capital. The key overarching finding, based primarily on the analyses presented in the second, third and fourth chapters of this report is that while significant progress has been made in providing more educational opportunities to Egyptian citizens, the quality of that educational experience is low and unequally distributed, leading to unequal educational outcomes. While inputs are important to quality, the authors also define quality in terms of specific outcomes that indicate learning at a level necessary to compete in a global marketplace. For instance, international test results, such as the trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), are taken to be a strong indicator of educational outcomes that matter, and quality education is generally assumed to impact those outcomes. In addition...

Check My School; A Case Study on Citizens’ Monitoring of the Education Sector in the Philippines

Shkabatur, Jennifer
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
Check My School (CMS) is a community monitoring project that aims to promote transparency and social accountability in the Philippine education sector by tracking the provision of services in public schools. The project uses a blended approach, which combines on-the-ground community monitoring with the use of information and communication technology (ICT). CMS had been initiated and designed by the Affiliated Network for Social Accountability in East Asia and the Pacific (ANSA-EAP) and jointly supported by the World Bank Institute and the Open Society Institute. Although CMS is a young project (the pilot began in early 2011), it has already attracted worldwide attention of governments, civil society organizations, and international donors. CMS is often cited as a ‘good practice’ in the field, and the governments of several countries, including Indonesia, Kenya, and Moldova, are interested in adapting the CMS model to their country contexts. This case study sheds light on the design and implementation features of the first pilot cycle of CMS in public schools across the Philippines. The case study discusses the general political background and operating environment of the CMS project...

Romania - Functional Review : Pre-University Education Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Education Sector Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
Romania's ability to compete in the global market for goods and services will depend on its ability to transform itself into a knowledge-based economy. This depends on having a highly skilled workforce, which depends, in turn, on the relevance and quality of the education received by its children. The challenge is to bring the level of achievement of Romanian children in key subjects, such as mathematics, science, and reading comprehension in mother tongue - to current levels found in most European countries. Substantial investment of funds in the education sector has not produced the desired results because of a failure to concurrently improve utilization and efficiency. The Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sport (MERYS) has been trying hard to improve education in terms of both relevance and quality. It has considerably increased its investments in the education system in recent years. However, the increase in expenditure did not result in improved learning. In the past four years the Ministry has drafted several versions of a new Education bill containing very ambitious strategies that aim indeed at fundamentally changing the way the education system operates...

Turkey—Education Sector Study : Sustainable Pathways to an Effective, Equitable and Efficient Education System for Preschool through Secondary School Education

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Education Sector Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
This Education Sector Study (ESS) is the World Bank's response to the need for a comprehensive study of Turkey's education system, in light of the dramatic changes that are sure to alter the country's social and economic landscape over the next decade. The study was prepared in association with the Education Reform Initiative of the Istanbul Policy Center on the basis of research and dialogue with a wide array of education stakeholders and actors. The overall objective of the ESS is to provide an assessment of current challenges to the education system in Turkey and identify policy options that can complement the country's existing pre-tertiary education strategy. Volume one provides a complete description of challenges, conclusions, and policy options for the reform of pre-school, primary, and secondary education. It includes an Annex that summarizes the research studies and policy notes commissioned to inform the report. Volume II is a collection of the complete research studies and policy notes commissioned for the ESS report.

Latvia - Public Expenditures Review : Education Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
This review has three objectives: (i) assess the education sector outcomes; (ii) evaluate the cost of the education program and the budget formulation process; (iii) identify areas to improve the efficiency of public expenditure on education and make medium-term savings. The Latvian government has demonstrated a strong commitment to education. With 7.2 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) allocated to education in 1999, Latvian spending on education compares most favorably to Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) standards. Although reforms in the education sector are being implemented, the sector faces critical challenges. The education sector has resisted adaptation, in spite of significant shifts in the enrollment pattern. The number of preschool teachers and schools only slightly decreased; while the number of children aged 0 to 6 has been falling. With fewer children arriving at the school door, it is becoming harder for the education sector to justify maintaining small schools...

Turkey - Education Sector Study : Sustainable Pathways to an Effective, Equitable and Efficient Education System for Preschool through Secondary School Education, Executive Summary

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Education Sector Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
This Education Sector Study (ESS) is the World Bank's response to the need for a comprehensive study of Turkey's education system, in light of the dramatic changes that are sure to alter the country's social and economic landscape over the next decade. The study was prepared in association with the Education Reform Initiative of the Istanbul Policy Center on the basis of research and dialogue with a wide array of education stakeholders and actors. The overall objective of the ESS is to provide an assessment of current challenges to the education system in Turkey and identify policy options that can complement the country's existing pre-tertiary education strategy. Volume one provides a complete description of challenges, conclusions, and policy options for the reform of pre-school, primary, and secondary education. It includes an Annex that summarizes the research studies and policy notes commissioned to inform the report. Volume II is a collection of the complete research studies and policy notes commissioned for the ESS report.

Bangladesh : Education Sector Review, Volume 1

World Bank
Fonte: Dhaka: The University Press Limited for the World Bank Publicador: Dhaka: The University Press Limited for the World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
This Education Sector Review covers many major educational topics in Bangladesh. Six actions are needed to realize Bangladesh's vision in 2020: build a stronger, wider and deeper foundation of basic education; reorient and establish secondary education on a more equitable footing; transfer vocational skill training to non-government providers; rationalize, reform and revitalize higher education; vastly increase public financing of education; and manage the system better. Volume 1: addresses the above six actions as well as socioeconomic development, implications for education, and education finance. Volume 2 examines in depth primary and pre-primary education; early childhood care and education for development; non-formal education; secondary; and higher secondary education. Volume 3: focuses on technical vocational education and training; and higher education.

Bangladesh : Education Sector Review, Volume 2

World Bank
Fonte: Dhaka: The University Press Limited for the World Bank Publicador: Dhaka: The University Press Limited for the World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
This Education Sector Review covers many major educational topics in Bangladesh. Six actions are needed to realize Bangladesh's vision in 2020: build a stronger, wider and deeper foundation of basic education; reorient and establish secondary education on a more equitable footing; transfer vocational skill training to non-government providers; rationalize, reform and revitalize higher education; vastly increase public financing of education; and manage the system better. Volume 1: addresses the above six actions as well as socioeconomic development, implications for education, and education finance. Volume 2 examines in depth primary and pre-primary education; early childhood care and education for development; non-formal education; secondary; and higher secondary education. Volume 3: focuses on technical vocational education and training; and higher education.

Bangladesh : Education Sector Review, Volume 3

World Bank
Fonte: Dhaka: The University Press Limited for the World Bank Publicador: Dhaka: The University Press Limited for the World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
This Education Sector Review covers many major educational topics in Bangladesh. Six actions are needed to realize Bangladesh's vision in 2020: build a stronger, wider and deeper foundation of basic education; reorient and establish secondary education on a more equitable footing; transfer vocational skill training to non-government providers; rationalize, reform and revitalize higher education; vastly increase public financing of education; and manage the system better. Volume 1: addresses the above six actions as well as socioeconomic development, implications for education, and education finance. Volume 2 examines in depth primary and pre-primary education; early childhood care and education for development; non-formal education; secondary; and higher secondary education. Volume 3: focuses on technical vocational education and training; and higher education.

Better Financing : Stronger Outcomes - A Public Sector Expenditure Review for the Education Sector in Poland

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Education Sector Review
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
This report analyzes the public expenditures of the education sector in Poland, with special interest in uncovering trends overtime, establishing international comparisons to benchmark Poland's fiscal efforts in education, and linking those expenditures to the outcomes of the education system. The report then presents a set of concrete policy options to improve the effectiveness and the efficiency of the education expenditures in Poland. The report highlights areas where improvement in the quality of expenditures can be achieved. For example, while Poland's student population in primary and secondary education continues to fall, the number of teachers has not followed the same trend as the demographic shift in the student population. There are inflexibilities in the management and deployment of teachers that have made this adjustment difficult. Incentives for local governments, which manage basic education, to quickly adjust the teaching force to demographic changes by consolidating schools and classrooms would liberate significant resources to increase the availability of financial resources to be used in non-recurrent...

Strengthening the Education Sector : Response to HIV/AIDS in the Caribbean

UNESCO; World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
This report the findings and outcomes of the three joint UNESCO/World Bank missions to Guyana, Jamaica, and St. Lucia, and elaborates on next steps identified for action at both national and regional levels. The report also sets these findings and next steps within the broader context of the Caribbean plan for action and presents in its appendixes sample resources to guide the development of a comprehensive response to Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV&AIDS) by the education sector. The priority placed on the education sector's response is based on evidence that education contributes towards the knowledge and personal skills essential for the prevention of HIV, and protects individuals, families, communities, institutions, and nations from the impact of AIDS. Education helps to overcome the conditions that facilitate the spread of HIV and can create the understanding and tolerance that contribute to reduced stigma and discrimination against vulnerable and marginalized communities and people living with HIV. The CARICOM regional body in the Caribbean...

Democratic Republic of Congo Country Status Report on Education : Priorities and Options for Regenerating the Education Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Education Sector Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
The education system in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) will play an important role in building the country's political institutions, in promoting economic growth, and in redressing inequalities. The country is emerging from a prolonged economic and political crisis which has had serious negative impacts on the education system. The main purpose of this report is to assist the DRC identify the priorities for education policy, and present options in order to assist the government in developing an education strategy. This is necessary for preparing the government's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and a program of assistance for the education sector by external donors. This Country Status Report is structured in six chapters covering the recent trends and current status of educational coverage, expenditures and financing at all levels of instruction in DRC, issues relating to quality in primary and secondary education, and specific issues relating to higher education. It also presents the expenditure requirements under various policy options which can be used to begin a more detailed planning for the sector. Financial simulations were undertaken for four scenarios of educational expansion in order to determine total expenditure requirements...