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Building Capacity in Management and Financing in the Road Sector

Brushett, Stephen; Sampson, Les; Waithaka, Solomon
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.7%
This report as about onging operational, economic, and sector work carried out by the World Bank and its member governments in the Africa Region.This note focuses post-experience training in disciplines including, but not limited to, management and finance to enable the new institutions and the governments concerned to reap the benefits of international best practices and to effectively internalize the key lessons of experience. It argues that short course programs aimed at an executive audience can be considered a highly effective and timely means of delivery of the benefits of training.

Turkey : Managing Labor Markets Through the Economic Cycle

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46%
The Turkish economy was hit hard by the global economic crisis, but recovered fast and strong. The economy had already started to slow down in 2007, but the global financial events of late 2008 led to a sharp contraction starting in the last quarter of 2008 until growth resumed in the last quarter of 2009. The recovery was rapid, with growth reaching 9 percent in 2010 and 8.5 percent in 2011. This study looks at how the labor market fared during the recent downturn and recovery and informs policies to manage labor markets through the economic cycle and address the jobs challenge in Turkey. The study investigates: (i) pre-crisis labor market trends and the structural jobs challenge in Turkey; (ii) aggregate and distributional impacts of the recent crisis, and subsequent recovery, on the labor market; and (iii) recent policy measures and existing labor market institutions in the context of observed labor market outcomes. Based on this analysis and a comparison with selected countries from around the world...

Afghanistan Economic Update, April 2013

Nassif, Claudia; Joya, Omar; Sidonie Jaffrin, Guillemette
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.99%
One year into the transition process, Afghanistan sustains robust economic growth. An exceptional harvest, supported by the launch of first large-scale mining activities, increased real gross domestic product (GDP) growth from 7.3 percent to an estimated 11.8 percent in 2012. Inflation dropped to 6.4 percent and continuing high levels of aid helped to build up further international reserves. The medium-term outlook is tainted by uncertainty. Political and security uncertainties are expected to limit private-sector growth in the coming years. Increased public spending, however, will continue to fuel demand for services and construction through 2013. The transition process exposes Afghanistan to a number of serious risks, such as rising financing for public service provision. Security considerations aside, promoting sources of inclusive economic growth, especially agriculture, and strengthening domestic revenue mobilization will be important to mitigate some of these risks. In particular, a stronger reform effort in areas such as tax policy and customs is required to safeguard past gains in development. Finally...

Growth without Borders : A Regional Growth Pole Diagnostic for Southern Africa

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Sector Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.05%
Several countries in Southern Africa have enormous potential to expand trade and mutually benefit from regional integration, and thus truly achieve 'growth without borders'. At the same time, several African countries are adopting growth pole strategies in order to deepen the economic linkages around the development of their natural resources and improve their competitiveness and connectivity to domestic and international markets. This report stems from economic sector work whose purpose was to identify potential growth poles across Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, and Zimbabwe in three industries, agribusiness, mining, and tourism, that might benefit from improved regional integration. This report used geographic information systems (GIS) to identify potential growth poles based on the spatial distribution of foreign direct investment (FDI), market connectivity, revenue sources, and other input factors and then selected from that list those areas which might benefit from regional cooperation. This report provides background information...

Mali : Transport Support to Sustainable Economic Growth

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
This Economic and Sector Work (ESW) is consistent with the objectives laid out for the transport sector in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), and the Country Assistance Strategy (CAS), with its two primary objectives focused on strengthening existing reforms, and, helping define a forthcoming reform program. The proposed transport sector strategy relies on three pillars to: 1) promote sustainable development of transport infrastructure, ensuring adequate allocation of financial, and human resources to infrastructure maintenance; 2) increase transport sector efficiency, through sound market, and fiscal policies that support the rapid modernization of Mali's transport companies; and, 3) support cross sectoral initiatives, primarily in the areas of economic competitiveness, road safety, rural poverty alleviation, and in addition, to support HIV/AIDS prevention, and health services accessibility. Since transport costs represent a significant share of the imported costs of intermediary goods used in building up Mali's export capacity...

Islamic Republic of Mauritania : Transport Sector Overview

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.87%
The main Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) objectives for general transport policy are: a) lower costs, and ensure safe transport for passengers and goods; b) foster consistent national planning through multi-modal links between the country's major development centers; c) promote national integration, and linkages with the global economy; and, e) involve more private capital in financing the sector. The PRSP also includes specific objectives for transport modes, which are taken into account in this Economic and Sector Work (ESW). The purpose of this ESW is to provide a framework to help the Government analyze transport sector issues, and develop a transport sector strategy for the 2004-2009 period, and, identify issues and challenges that can be addressed through donor funded operations. This ESW focuses on road, air, and maritime transport, and analyzes strategic, and cross-cutting issues important to the sector as a whole. Recommendations include: corrections to the imbalance between investment and maintenance; improvement of the road maintenance financing mechanism; pursuit of a road investment program; strengthening the road management system; updating regulations to ensure effective liberalization of transport services; revision of the fiscal policy for the sector; improvement of the balance between supply and demand; and...

The World Bank’s Economic and Sector Work and Technical Assistance, FY00-06

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.79%
Economic and sector work (ESW) and non-lending technical assistance (TA) are two of the analytical and advisory services (AAA) through which the Bank provides knowledge support to its client countries. The objectives of ESW are to inform lending, inform government policy, build client capacity, stimulate public debate, and influence the development community. The objectives of TA are to assist in policy implementation, strengthen institutions, and facilitate knowledge exchange. ESW and TA are an essential part of the Bank's engagement with its clients it spent $910 million (or 26 percent of its spending on country services) on these products during FY00-06. The majority of ESW and TA met their objectives at least to an average extent during FY00-06, although there were substantial differences across countries and tasks. ESW and TA of higher technical quality were clearly more effective in meeting their objectives. Close collaboration with clients from task initiation through the formulation of recommendations was important for ESW and TA to be effective...

Afghanistan Economic Update, October 2014

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Economic Updates and Modeling
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
Economic growth, down sharply in 2013 to 3.7 percent (estimated), has slowed further to 1.5 percent (projected) in 2014, from 9.4 percent per year during 2003-12. Uncertainty since 2013 over the political and security transition has been compounded by the protracted elections impasse in 2014. Investor and consumer confidence have slumped and led to a sharp reduction of new investment commitments in the non-agriculture sectors. Agricultural production has been robust in 2013-14, but flat from the record levels of 2012. Afghanistan faces a deteriorating fiscal crisis in 2014, with declining revenues leading to an unfinanced fiscal gap, depleted cash reserves, and accumulating arrears. Domestic revenues have continued to weaken, with the authorities anticipating revenues of Afs 105 billion ($1.82 billion) or 8.7 percent of GDP for fiscal 2014. This would represent a further decline from revenues of 9.7 percent of GDP in 2013, itself down from a peak of 11.6 percent in 2011. While the economic slowdown is part of the explanation...

2003 Annual Review of Development Effectiveness : The Effectiveness of Bank Support for Policy Reform

Operations Evaluation Department
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.88%
The Annual Review of Development Effectiveness (ARDE) 2003, examines the effectiveness of Bank support to borrower countries, in particular, the help to foster reform policies, and institutional frameworks. The Review focuses primarily, although not exclusively, on the years from 1999 through 2003. This is done to facilitate the juxtaposition of recent evaluation evidence with trends in policy indicators. Recent trends in developing countries ' policies suggest that the various dimensions of policy, and institutional performance have, on average, improved modestly, although recent reforms have touched most areas of development policy. In most countries that accomplished strong reform over the period 1999-2003, change was driven by necessity, or opportunities such as transition from socialism, economic crisis, European Union accession, and change of government. Development research suggests that such factors tend to galvanize support for change, and thus make the politics of policy reform easier. Countries whose policies improved over the period 1999-03...

Mozambique Country Economic Memorandum : Growth Prospects and Reform Agenda

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
This Country Economic Memorandum reviews the significant changes Mozambique underwent in the last five years, specifying that to continue its rapid growth, and reduce its high levels of poverty, the country will need to adopt a new set of reforms. Such reforms, focused on increasing the profitability of agriculture, and promoting labor-intensive manufacturing activities, hold the best hope to move poverty into prosperity. Three factors - increased political stability, deep economic reforms, and foreign assistance - contributed to the positive developments. But the country still faces absolute poverty, particularly in rural areas, where infrastructure, and communications are lacking, aggravated by high illiteracy, and low life expectancy rates. Strengthening the macroeconomic environment will require a reform agenda, reducing the fiscal deficit by increasing tax revenues, while improving public spending. Moreover, the country's external position continues to be vulnerable, thus the external balance needs to be strengthened. Therefore...

Tajikistan - Towards Accelerated Economic Growth : A Country Economic Memorandum

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
This Country Economic Memorandum (CEM) looks at the potential for accelerated economic growth in Tajikistan, where as of the peace agreement of mid-1997, renewed reform efforts have brought stability, where inflation is under control, small scale privatization has been completed, and, efforts to reform agriculture have been intensified. However, the main challenge lies in reducing poverty through economic growth, helping the Government develop a set of policies to achieve this objective. The report focuses on productive economic sectors, such as industry, and agriculture, although the importance of the power sector is also briefly discussed. Finance and banking, telecommunications and transport, are outlined, basically due to their importance in the expansion of domestic economic activity, and regional/international trade. The report stipulates macroeconomic stability is still fragile, namely due to low tax revenues, and rising foreign debt, constraining fiscal sustainability, while implementation of structural reforms remains elusive...

Turkey : Managing Labor Markets through the Economic Cycle

World Bank; Ministry of Development, Republic of Turkey
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.01%
The Turkish economy was hit hard by the global economic crisis, but recovered fast and strong. The economy had already started to slow down in 2007, but the global financial events of late 2008 led to a sharp contraction starting in the last quarter of 2008 until growth resumed in the last quarter of 2009. The recovery was rapid, with growth reaching 9 percent in 2010 and 8.5 percent in 2011. This study looks at how the labor market fared during the recent downturn and recovery and informs policies to manage labor markets through the economic cycle and address the jobs challenge in Turkey. The study investigates: 1) pre-crisis labor market trends and the structural jobs challenge in Turkey; 2) aggregate and distributional impacts of the recent crisis, and subsequent recovery, on the labor market; and 3) recent policy measures and existing labor market institutions in the context of observed labor market outcomes. Finally, the study links policies to manage labor markets through the cycle with measures to address the longer term...

Participation in Country Economic and Sector Work

Aronson, Dan R.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.95%
Using a participatory approach in the Bank ' s country economic and sector work may involve extra costs, as well as some loss of control over timing and quality of work. Experience suggests, however, that these costs are more than offset by substantial benefits, including improvements in the Bank-borrower relationship, speedier acceptance of recommendations, both by the Bank and the borrower, and increased in-country capacity for policy research and analysis.

Building Commitment to Reform through Strategic Communication : The Five Key Decisions

Cabanero-Verzosa, Cecilia; Garcia, Helen R.
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
This workbook gives the reader a management decision-making tool for developing a communication strategy that will support a proposed reform. This decision tool helps a reform project team focus its efforts by disciplining it to select only those communication activities that will prompt its target audiences to learn new information and adopt positive attitudes that lead to desired changes in behavior. The decision-making approach described here also helps program manager's work more effectively with communication specialists. This tool has been used by program managers in developing countries and taught at workshops and in formal courses conducted face-to-face; by videoconference; and through self-paced, computer-based modules. To illustrate how this tool may be used in various types of development activities and in diverse settings, the authors provide examples drawn from projects, economic and sector work, country assistance strategies formulated by donor groups, and country programs designed by developing-country government teams to reduce poverty.

Afghanistan Economic Update, April 2014

Joya, Omar; Khan, Faruk
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Economic Updates and Modeling
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
Economic growth slowed considerably to 3.6 percent (estimated) in 2013 despite robust agricultural production, as heightened uncertainty surrounding the political and security transition led to a slump in investor and consumer confidence. Growth is projected to remain weak in 2014, while a smooth political and security transition would help restore confidence in the economy and enable a pickup in growth in 2015. Revenue collection continued to weaken in 2013, while Afghanistan's large security expenditure obligations and high aid dependence pose the risk of crowding out important civilian operating and development spending. Domestic revenues declined to 9.5 percent of GDP in 2013 from 10.3 percent in 2012 and the peak of 11.6 percent in 2011. The decline in revenue collections is a result of the economic slowdown as well as weaknesses in enforcement in both tax and customs administration. In light of tight resources, austerity measures in 2013 disproportionately affected civilian expenditures as security expenditures have continued to grow. A concerted effort will be required going forward to improve revenue mobilization...

Well-being from Work in the Pacific Island Countries

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
In the Pacific island countries, which are small and far from world markets, labor mobility represents the most significant and substantial opportunity for overcoming geographic constraints on employment. This report presents a brief overview of employment challenges in small Pacific island countries and recommendations for addressing them. The report contributes to an ongoing World Bank analytical program examining the linkages between employment and well-being around the world, begun with the World Development Report 2013: jobs. Discussion in this report relates to Pacific island states, with populations of significantly less than one million, including Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu, Kiribati, Republic of Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, and Palau. Economic growth and diversification has been very limited in these countries because of the barriers imposed by smallness and distance, and these barriers will not be quickly overcome. This report provides five priorities that are likely to be broadly applicable to the unique group of countries. First...

The World Bank's Assistance to China's Health Sector

Ooi, Elaine Wee-Ling
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
For its level of socioeconomic development, China has widely been perceived as a country with an enviable record in public health. Recently, there are encouraging signs that health has become an important priority in the government s agenda, bringing multiple government agencies into a more cooperative relationship, and providing the Bank greater opportunity to engage the country in policy dialogues to more effectively in improve health outcomes and financing in a more equitable and sustainable way. Since China became a member in 1980, the World Bank's program of assistance for health has consisted of 11 projects (involving commitments of 808 million dollars of International Development Association (IDA) credits and 139 million dollars of International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) loans) and 3 economic and sector work (ESW) reviews. This was complemented by the China network for training and research in health economics and health financing set up in 1991, and jointly funded by the Chinese Government and World Bank Institute (WBI). There have also been various initiatives supported by the health anchor some of which include tobacco control...

Institutional and Governance Reviews : A New Type of Economic Sector Work

Levy, Brian; Manning, Nick
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.99%
In 1999 the Bank began conducting Institutional and Governance Reviews (IGRs), adding to its tools for economic and sector work. IGRs trace the institutional roots of weak government performance and offer practical recommendations for improving government operations and development strategies. The 13 IGR products generated so far have varied considerably -reflecting differences in the performance problems addressed, the stage of the dialogue between the Bank and the country being assessed, and the resources available to the Bank's country teams. A recent assessment of the Bank's experience with Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers recommends that countries undertake IGRs early in the process of producing those papers. In addition, the Bank's Task Force on Low-income Countries Under Stress recommends that IGRs be conducted to build knowledge and capacity in such countries. IGRs have several distinctive features. They assess performance failures empirically, using surveys and quantitative measures whenever possible. They encourage the development of standardized tools and other modular approaches that help maintain quality at reasonable cost. And most important...

Using Knowledge to Improve Development Effectiveness : An Evaluation of World Bank Economic and Sector Work and Technical Assistance, 2000-2006

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.93%
In 1996, the World Bank committed itself to becoming a 'global knowledge bank,' using knowledge to improve the development effectiveness of its work. In fiscal 2008, the Bank reiterated its focus on knowledge and learning, naming it as one of its six strategic directions. This evaluation focuses on two of the analytical and advisory activities through which the Bank provides knowledge to its client countries: economic and sector work (ESW) and nonlending technical assistance (TA). This evaluation found that the majority of ESW and TA met their objectives at least to an average extent during fiscal 2000-06, although there were substantial differences across countries and tasks. ESW and TA of higher technical quality were clearly more effective in meeting their objectives. Close collaboration with clients during the process mattered for effectiveness, whether clients actually produced part of the task or not. Sustained follow-up after the completion of the tasks was important for effectiveness. Whether clients requested the tasks did not matter for effectiveness...

Afghanistan Economic Update, October 2013

Khan, Faruk; Joya, Omar
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Economic Updates and Modeling; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.96%
Uncertainty surrounding the political and security transition in Afghanistan has led to a slowdown in economic growth in 2013, following strong growth in 2012. After a decade of strong fiscal performance, revenue collection has weakened in 2013, potentially delaying Afghanistan's path toward self-reliance. In order to preserve fiscal sustainability, a concerted effort will be required going forward to improve revenue mobilization by strengthening tax and customs administration and by expediting introduction and implementation of the planned value-added tax. Afghanistan faces considerable expenditure needs in the areas of security, infrastructure development, service delivery, and operations and maintenance. Meeting these needs will also require significant grant assistance for the foreseeable future. In spite of the transition-related uncertainty and underperformance, Afghanistan will need to stay focused on its medium term structural reform goals. These include: (i) safeguarding sustainability by mobilizing revenue and securing grant assistance; (ii) supporting inclusive and job-creating post-transition growth by unlocking the potential of the agriculture and natural resource sectors and by tapping the potential of regional integration; (iii) improving upon the low levels of human capital and skills; and (iv) continuing to strengthen institutions and governance. This report is organized as follows: section one gives recent economic developments; section two presents economic outlook and medium term prospects; and section three presents structural policies for the medium term.