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Biophysical techniques used to evaluate the stratum corneum

BABY, Andre R.; LACERDA, Aurea C. L.; PINTO, Claudineia A. S. O.; LOPES, Patricia S.; VELASCO, Maria V. R.; KANEKO, Telma M.
Fonte: COLEGIO FARMACEUTICOS PROVINCIA DE BUENOS AIRES Publicador: COLEGIO FARMACEUTICOS PROVINCIA DE BUENOS AIRES
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
Assortments of biophysical methods are used to the study the stratum corneum morphology and dynamic with the objective to elucidate the correlation between its structure and functions. Among these methods, there are: X-ray diffraction, electron paramagnetic resonance, differential scanning calorimetry, Raman spectroscopy with Fourrier transform, infrared spectroscopy and photoacustic spectroscopy. In this manuscript, methods are presented and discussed in relation to the use indication, interpretation of results and advantages and limitations to the stratum corneum analysis.

Thermomechanical properties of biodegradable films based on blends of gelatin and poly(vinyl alcohol)

MENDIETA-TABOADA, Oscar; SOBRAL, Paulo Jose do A.; CARVALHO, Rosemary A.; HABITANTE, Ana Monica B. Q.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCI LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.21%
The aim of this work was to study the effect of the poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) concentration on the thermal and viscoelastic properties of films based on blends of gelatin and PVA using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and dynamic-mechanical analysis (DMA). One glass transition was observed between 43 and 49 degrees C on the DSC curves obtained in the first scanning of the blended films, followed by fusion of the crystalline portion between 116 and 134 degrees C. However, the DMA results showed that only the films with 10% PVA had a single peak in the tan 5 spectrum. However, when the PVA concentration was increased the dynamic mechanical spectra showed two peaks on the tan 6 curves, indicating two T(g)s. Despite this phase separation behavior the Gordon and Taylor model was successfully applied to correlate T, as a function of film composition, thus determining k = 7.47. In the DMA frequency tests, the DMA spectra showed that the storage modulus values decreased with increasing temperature. The master curves for the PVA-gelatin films were obtained applying the TTS principle (T(r) = 100 degrees C). The WLF model was thus applied allowing for the determination of the constants C(1) and C(2). The values of these constants increased with increasing PVA concentrations in the blend: C(1) = 49-66 and C(2) = 463-480. These values were used to calculate the fractional free volume of the films at the T(g) and the thermal expansion coefficient of the films above the T(g). (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Interaction of cationic bilayer fragments with a model oligonucleotide

Rozenfeld, Julio Henrique Kravcuks; Oliveira, Tiago Ribeiro de; Lamy, Maria Teresa Moura; Ribeiro, Ana Maria Carmona
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
The interaction between cationic bilayer fragments and a model oligonucleotide was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry, turbidimetry, determination of excimer to monomer ratio of 2-(10-(1-pyrene)-decanoyl)-phosphatidyl-choline in bilayer fragment dispersions and dynamic light scattering for sizing and zeta-potential analysis. Salt (Na(2)HPO(4)), mononucleotide (2`-deoxyadenosine-5`-monophosphate) or poly (dA) oligonucleotide (3`-AAA AAA AAA A-5`) affected structure and stability of dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide bilayer fragments. Oligonucleotide and salt increased bilayer packing due to bilayer fragment fusion. Mononucleotide did not reduce colloid stability or did not cause bilayer fragment fusion. Charge neutralization of bilayer fragments by poly (dA) at 1:10 poly (dA):dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide molar ratio caused extensive aggregation, maximal size and zero of zeta-potential for the assemblies. Above charge neutralization, assemblies recovered colloid stability due to charge overcompensation. For bilayer fragments/poly (dA), the nonmonotonic behavior of colloid stability as a function of poly (dA) concentration was unique for the oligonucleotide and was not observed for Na(2)HPO(4) or 2`-deoxyadenosine-5`-monophosphate. For the first time...

Evaluation of Postpolymerization as a Function of the Storage Time of Triethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate/2,2-Bis[4-(2-Hydroxy-3-Methacryloxy-Prop-1-Oxy)-Phenyl]-propane Bisphenyl-alpha-Glycidyl Ether Dimethacrylate Copolymers Used in Dental Resins by Differential Scanning Calorimetry and Dynamic Mechanical Analysis

RIGOLI, Isabel C.; CAVALHEIRO, Carla C. S.; NEUMANN, Miguel G.
Fonte: JOHN WILEY & SONS INC Publicador: JOHN WILEY & SONS INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of the storage time on the thermal properties of triethylene glycol dimethacrylate/2,2-bis[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloxy-prop-1-oxy)-phenyl]propane bisphenyl-alpha-glycidyl ether dimethacrylate (TB) copolymers used in formulations of dental resins after photopolymerization. The TB copolymers were prepared by photopolymerization with an Ultrablue IS light-emitting diode, stored in the dark for 160 days at 37 degrees C, and characterized with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy with attenuated total reflection. DSC curves indicated the presence of an exothermic peak, confirming that the reaction was not completed during the photopolymerization process. This exothermic peak became smaller as a function of the storage time and was shifted at higher temperatures. In DMA studies, a plot of the loss tangent versus the temperature initially showed the presence of two well-defined peaks. The presence of both peaks confirmed the presence of residual monomers that were not converted during the photopolymerization process. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 112: 679-684, 2009; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); FAPESP Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo[05/01618-1]; FAPESP Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo[02/03448-8]; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)

Investigação da cinética de cura por calorimetria diferencial exploratória (DSC) de resinas epóxi preparadas a partir de óleo de soja epoxidado com diferentes anidridos e aminas terciárias; Investigation of the kinetics of cure by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) of epoxy resins prepared from epoxidized soybean oil with different anhydrides and tertiary amines

Costa, Ana Paula Oliveira; Gerbase, Annelise Engel; Petzhold, Cesar Liberato
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
No presente trabalho, utilizou-se a calorimetria diferencial exploratória (DSC) para investigar a cinética da reação de cura de resinas epóxi produzidas a partir da reação do óleo de soja epoxidado (ESO), com os anidridos dodecenilsuccínico (DDS), maleico (MAL), ftálico (FTA), succínico (SUC) e hexahidroftálico (CH), atuando como agentes de cura, e na presença de aminas terciárias como a trietilamina (TEA), a N,N’-dimetilanilina (ARO) e a 1,4- diazobiciclo[2,2,2]octano (DABCO), atuando como catalisadores. A taxa de aquecimento, a natureza química e a estrutura do anidrido e das aminas influenciaram a reação de cura. Os métodos dinâmicos de Kissinger, Ozawa e de Barrett foram utilizados para calcular a energia de ativação dos sistemas onde se variou o anidrido. Observou-se que os anidridos mais reativos foram o DDS e maleico que apresentaram os menores valores de energias de ativação. No estudo da influência do catalisador, utilizou-se o método de Barrett para determinar as energias de ativação das reações com as diferentes aminas. A amina cicloaliafática (DABCO) foi a mais reativa obtendo-se o menor valor de energia de ativação (Ea = 51 kJ.mol–1) e fator pré- exponencial (ln A = 9 s–1).; In the present work...

Interaction of sodium cholate with dioctadecyldimethylammonium chloride vesicles in aqueous dispersion

Alves, Fernanda Rosa; Feitosa, Eloi
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 76-80
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
Mixtures of dioctadecyldimethylammonium chloride (DODAC) cationic vesicle dispersions with aqueous micelle solutions of the anionic sodium cholate (NaC) were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry, DSC, turbidity and light scattering. Within the concentration range investigated (constant 1.0 mM DODAC and varying NaC concentration up to 4 mM), vesicle -> micelle -> aggregate transitions were observed. The turbidity of DODAC/NaC/water depends on time and NaC/DODAB molar concentration ratio R. At equilibrium, turbidity initially decreases smoothly with R to a low value (owing to the vesicle-micelle transition) when R = 0.5-0.8 and then increases steeply to a high value (owing to the micelle-aggregate transition) when R = 0.9-1.0. DSC thermograms exhibit a single and sharp endothermic peak at T-m approximate to 49 degrees C, characteristic of the melting temperature of neat DODAC vesicles in water. Upon addition of NaC, T-m initially decreases to vanish around R = 0.5, and the main transition peak broadens as R increases. For R > 1.0 two new (endo- and exothermic) peaks appear at lower temperatures indicating the formation of large aggregates since the dispersion is turbid. All samples are non-birefringent. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) data indicate that both DODAC and DODAC/NaC dispersions are highly polydisperse...

The effect of chain length on the melting temperature and size of dialkyldimethylammonium bromide vesicles

Feitosa, E.; Jansson, J.; Lindman, B.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 128-132
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Differential scanning calorimetry (DSc) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) were used to obtain the gel to liquid-crystalline phase transition temperature (T-m) and the apparent hydrodynamic radius (R-h) of spontaneously formed cationic vesicles of dialkyldimethylammonium bromide salts (CnH2n+1)(2)(CH3)(2)N+center dot Br-, with varying chain lengths. The preparation of cationic vesicles from aqueous solution of these surfactants, for n = 12, 14, 16 and 18 (DDAB, DTDAB, DHDAB and DODAB, respectively), requires the knowledge of the surfactant gel to liquid-crystalline phase transition temperature, or melting temperature (T-m) since below this temperature these surfactants are poorly or not soluble in water. That series of cationic surfactants has been widely investigated as vesicle-forming surfactants, although C-12 and C-18, DDAB and DODAB are by far the most investigated from this series. The dependence of T-m of these surfactants on the number n of carbons in the surfactant tails is reported. The T-m obtained by DSC increases non-linearly with n, and the vesicle apparent radius R-h is about the same for DHDAB and DODAB, but much smaller for DDAB. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V.. All rights reserved.

Aggregation behavior of aqueous dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide/monoolein mixtures: A multitechnique investigation on the composition and temperature

Oliveira, Isabel M. S. C.; Silva, Joao P. N.; Feitosa, Eloi; Marques, Eduardo F.; Castanheira, Elisabete M. S.; Real Oliveira, M. Elisabete C. D.
Fonte: Academic Press Inc. Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Academic Press Inc. Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 206-217
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
A recently described non-viral gene delivery system [dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide (DODAB)/monoolein (MO)] has been studied in detail to improve knowledge on the interactions between lamellar (DODAB) and non-lamellar-forming (MO) lipids, as a means to enhance their final cell transfection efficiency. Indeed, the morphology, fluidity, and size of these cationic surfactant/neutral lipid mixtures play an important role in the ability of these systems to complex nucleic acids. The different techniques used in this work, namely dynamic light scattering (DLS), fluorescence spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM), light microscopy (LM), and surface pressure-area isotherms, allowed fully characterization of the phase behavior and aggregate morphology of DODAB/MO mixtures at different molar ratios. Overall, the results indicate that the final morphology of DODAB/MO aggregates depends on the balance between the tendency of DODAB to form zero-curvature bilayer structures and the propensity of MO to form non-bilayer structures with negative curvature. These results also show that in the MO-rich region, an increase in temperature has a similar effect on aggregate morphology as an increase in MO concentration. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Thermal degradation of a composite solid propellant examined by DSC - Kinetic study

Rocco, JAFF; Lima, JES; Frutuoso, A. G.; Iha, K.; Ionashiro, M.; Matos, JR; Suarez-Iha, MEV
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publ Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publ
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 551-557
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
The thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP)/hydroxyl-terminated-polybutadiene (HTPB), the AP/HTPB solid propellant, was studied at different heating rates in dynamic nitrogen atmosphere. The exothermic reaction kinetics was studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) in non-isothermal conditions. The Arrhenius Parameters were estimated according to the Ozawa method. The calculated activation energy was 134.5 W mol(-1), the pre-exponential factor, A, was 2.04.10(10) min(-1) and the reaction order for the global composite decomposition was estimated in 0.7 by the kinetic Shimadzu software based on the Ozawa method. The Kissinger method for obtaining the activation energy value was also used for comparison. These results are discussed here.

Effects of thermal treatment on phase transitions and on the mechanical relaxation in poly(vinylidene fluoride)

Alves, Neri; Cardoso, C. X.; Job, A. E.; Giacometti, J. A.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 263-266
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
This work reports on the effects from thermal treatment in poly(vinylidene fluoride), PVDF, obtained with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and dynamic thermal analysis (DMA) measurements. It is shown that in successive DMA measurements performed with one sample the α relaxation peak almost disappears while the γ′ peak appears. The α relaxation peak, at ∼100°C in DMA measurements, is attributed to the preferential orientation of chains in the amorphous phase while the γ′ relaxation peak, at ∼50°C, is related to the thermal treatment to which the sample was submitted.

Thermal properties of nylon6/ABS polymer blends: Compatibilizer effect

Araújo, E. M.; Hage, E.; Carvalho, A. J. F.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1173-1178
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Nylon6/ABS binary blends are incompatible and need to be compatibilized to achieve better performance under impact tests. Poly(methyl methacrylate/maleic anhydride) (MMA-MA) is used in this work to compatibilize in situ nylon6/ABS immiscible blends. The MA functional groups, from MMA-MA copolymers, react with NH2 groups giving as products nylon molecules grafted to MMA-MA molecules. Those molecular species locate in the nylon6/ABS blend interfacial region increasing the local adhesion. MMA-MA segments are completely miscible with the SAN rich phase from the ABS. The aim of this work is to study the effects of ABS and compatibilizing agent on the melting and crystallization of nylon6/ABS blends. This effect has been investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA). Incorporation of this compatibilizer and ABS showed little effect on the melting behavior of the PA6 crystalline phase, in general. DMTA analysis confirmed the system immiscibility and showed evidence of compatibility between the two phases, nylon6 and ABS, produced by MMA-MA copolymer presence. The nylon6/ABS blend morphology, observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), changes significantly by the addition of the MMA-MA compatibilizer. A better dispersion of ABS in the nylon6 phase is observed. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Relationships between the curing conditions and some mechanical properties of hybrid thermosetting materials

Dias Filho, Newton L.; Cardosob, Celso X.; De Aquino, Hermes A.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 935-943
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
The relationship between the heat of polymerization (ΔH) and activation energy (Ea) parameters, obtained by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and the ratio of epoxy resin to hardener of the thermosetting materials based on an organic-inorganic hybrid epoxy resin (OG) was investigated. Activation energy (Ea) and heat of polymerization (ΔH) increased with an increasing OG content, up to 70 wt%. Further increase in OG content to 80wt% reduced Ea and ΔH. Dynamic mechanical analysis indicates that the maximum cross-link density is obtained at 83 wt% OG, whereas fracture toughness and tensile modulus mechanical properties are maximized at 70 wt% OG. ©2006 Sociedade Brasileira de Química.

Thermal and spectroscopic studies of solid oxamate of light trivalent lanthanides

Caires, F. J.; Lima, L. S.; Gomes, D. J C; Gigante, A. C.; Treu-Filho, O.; Ionashiro, M.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 349-355
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Solid-state LnL3·1.25H2O compounds, where L is oxamate and Ln is light trivalent lanthanides, have been synthesized. Simultaneous thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC), experimental and theoretical infrared spectroscopy, TG-DSC coupled to FTIR, elemental analysis, complexometry, and X-ray powder diffractometry were used to characterize and to study the thermal behavior of these compounds. The results led to information about the composition, dehydration, thermal stability, thermal decomposition, and gaseous products evolved during the thermal decomposition of these compounds in dynamic air atmosphere. The dehydration occurs in a single step and through a slow process. The thermal decomposition of the anhydrous compounds occur in a single (Ce), two (Pr), and three (La, Nd to Gd) steps with the formation of the respective oxides, CeO2, Pr 6O11, and Ln2O3 (Ln = La, Nd to Gd). The theoretical and experimental spectroscopic study suggests that the carboxylate group and amide carbonyl group of oxamate are coordinate to the metals in a bidentate chelating mode. © 2012 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.

Carbon nanotubes/polyamide 6.6 nanostructured composites crystallization kinetic study

Ribeiro, B.; Nohara, L. B.; Oishi, S. S.; Costa, M. L.; Botelho, E. C.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 893-911
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
Compared with the traditional composites, the incorporation of carbon nanotubes into polymeric matrices can generate materials with superior properties, especially thermal, electrical and tribological properties. The aim of this study was to study the polyamide 6.6/carbon nanotubes (PA 6.6/CNT) nanostructured composites crystallization kinetics. The solution mixing technique was used to obtain the nanostructured composites studied in this work. PA 6.6 films were produced with amounts of 0.1, 0.5, and 1.0 wt% (weight/weight) CNT. X-ray diffraction analyses were performed in order to determine the crystallographic properties of nanostructured composite. The nanostructured composites crystallization kinetic study was performed using the differential scanning calorimetry under isothermal and nonisothermal (dynamic) conditions. The results have shown addition of CNTs in the PA 6.6 reduces the Avrami exponent, affecting the crystallization process of the composite. © The Author(s) 2012.

Determinação da capacidade calorífica a pressão constante de ácidos graxos através da calorimetria exploratória diferencial; Determination of heat capacity at room pressure of fatty acids by differential scanning calorimetry

Rafaela Rocha Pinto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/06/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.2%
Nos últimos anos tem aumentado o interesse em combustíveis oriundos de fontes renováveis como é o caso do biodiesel. Tendo em vista que os ácidos graxos são componentes de óleos e gorduras, usados para a produção do biodiesel em reações de transesterificação, e cujas propriedades ainda são bastante escassas na literatura, o objetivo do presente trabalho foi o de contribuir com dados experimentais de capacidade calorífica (cp) de ácidos graxos, constituintes de óleos e gorduras. Tais dados são necessários para os balanços de energia e para o projeto de equipamentos visando a purificação de óleos, bem como para o cálculo de reações químicas. A análise térmica diferencial é uma técnica dinâmica que vem sendo muito utilizada na determinação de dados térmicos, como capacidade calorífica, temperaturas de mudanças de estado, determinação da pureza de substâncias, entre outras. O cp é a medida da quantidade de energia necessária por unidade de massa (ou mol) de uma substância para elevar sua temperatura em um grau. Neste trabalho foram determinados os dados de cp dos seguintes ácidos graxos em fase líquida e pressão ambiente: ácido caprílico (C8:0), ácido cáprico (C10:0), ácido láurico (C12:0)...

Study of the molecular mobility in polymers with the thermally stimulated recovery technique : a review

Alves, N. M.; Gómez Ribelles, J. L.; Mano, J. F.
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Thermally stimulated recovery (TSR) is a non-conventional mechanical spectroscopy technique that allows to analyse in detail the relaxation processes of polymeric systems in the low frequency region. This work reviews the main aspects and potentialities of this technique. The different kinds of TSR experiments that can be performed, global and thermal sampling (TS) experiments, are described and illustrated with several examples. Also, the different methods for the determination of the thermokinetic parameters (activation energy and pre-exponential factor) of the thermal sampling (TS) procedure are explained and compared. In this context, the compensation phenomenon, which always appears in TSR results when the studies are performed in the glass transition region of a given system, is discussed. Examples of the application of this technique to different polymeric systems during the last 20 years are provided. An emphasis will be made on the analysis of the effect of crystallinity degree and crosslink density on the TSR response. A comparison between the results (characteristic times and activation energies) obtained by different techniques, namely TSR, dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)...

Development of ion jelly thin films for electrochemical devices

Carvalho, Tânia Isabel da Silva
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
Dissertação para obtenção do Grau de Doutor em Química Sustentável; Ionic liquids (ILs) are promising materials which have been used in a wide range of applications. However, their major limitation is their physical state. In order to address this challenge, a self-supported IL-based material was developed by combining gelatine with an IL, originating a quasi-solid material named Ion Jelly (IJ). This is a light flexible material, dimensionally stable, with promising properties to develop safe and highly conductive electrolytes. This thesis is focused on the characterization of IJ films based on different ILs. The conductive mechanisms of IJ materials were studied using dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS) in the frequency range 10-1−106 Hz. The study was complemented by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and pulsed field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance (PFG NMR) spectroscopy. A glass transition was detected by DSC for all materials allowing to classify them as glass formers. From dielectric measurements, transport properties such as mobility and diffusion coefficients were extracted. Moreover, it was found that the diffusion coefficients and mobility are similar for the IL and IJ, especially for the IL EMIMDCA. Since for BMIMDCA...

Relationships between the curing conditions and some mechanical properties of hybrid thermosetting materials

Dias Filho,Newton L.; Cardoso,Celso X.; Aquino,Hermes A. de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
The relationship between the heat of polymerization (deltaH) and activation energy (Ea) parameters, obtained by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and the ratio of epoxy resin to hardener of the thermosetting materials based on an organic-inorganic hybrid epoxy resin (OG) was investigated. Activation energy (Ea) and heat of polymerization (deltaH) increased with an increasing OG content, up to 70 wt%. Further increase in OG content to 80wt% reduced Ea and deltaH. Dynamic mechanical analysis indicates that the maximum cross-link density is obtained at 83 wt% OG, whereas fracture toughness and tensile modulus mechanical properties are maximized at 70 wt% OG.

Lipid domains in the ram sperm plasma membrane demonstrated by differential scanning calorimetry.

Wolf, D E; Maynard, V M; McKinnon, C A; Melchior, D L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1990 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
Mammalian sperm plasma membranes, in contrast to those of mammalian somatic cells, exhibit a significant fraction of lipid that does not diffuse laterally in the plane of the membrane. This nondiffusing fraction results from lipid-lipid interactions. Similar nondiffusing fractions are found in mixed-lipid model systems that contain coexistent gel and fluid domains. These results suggest that the sperm plasma membrane may also exhibit lateral phase segregations of lipids and may contain significant amounts of gel-phase lipid. In this paper we use differential scanning calorimetry to show that, in contrast to the plasma membranes of mammalian somatic cells, the plasma membrane from the anterior region of the head of ram sperm exhibits at least two major endothermic transitions, one centered at approximately 26 degrees C and one centered at approximately 60 degrees C. The heats of these transitions are consistent with gel-to-fluid transitions in model membranes. These transitions are observed both in plasma membrane vesicles and in rehydrated lipid extracts made from these vesicles. These results demonstrate that at physiological temperatures the lipids of the ram sperm plasma membrane are segregated into coexistent fluid and gel domains. Since sperm encounter a wide range of temperatures during their development...

Relaxation process of Fe(CuNb)SiB amorphous alloys investigated by dynamical calorimetry

Zhu, J.; Clavaguera-Mora, M. T.; Clavaguera, N.
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //1997 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
Differential scanning calorimetry and dynamic differential scanning calorimetry were used to analyze the relaxation process of Fe(CuNb)SiB amorphous alloys. The Curie temperature(TC) evolution of the amorphous phase during relaxation as a function of heating rate, time and pre-annealing temperature were measured. Two distinct relaxation processes are observed, consequent with topological and chemical short range order changes.