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Instabilidade hidrodinâmica linear do escoamento compressível em uma cavidade; Linear hidrodinamic instability of compressible lid-driven cavity flow

Bergamo, Leandro Fernandes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/04/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
Os mecanismos de instabilidade hidrodinâmica têm um papel importante no processo da transição do escoamento de laminar para turbulento. A análise da instabilidade hidrodinâmica em uma cavidade com tampa deslizante foi realizada através da decomposição em modos globais (biglobal) para avaliar o efeito da compressibilidade neste fenômeno. O escoamento base foi obtido através de simulação numérica direta (DNS). Para tal, foi desenvolvido um código DNS compressível com discretização espacial por diferenças finitas compactas de alta resolução espectral e capacidade de processamento paralelo, com um método de decomposição de domínio que mantém a precisão das diferenças finitas compactas. O escoamento base é usado para montar o problema de autovalor oriundo das equações de Navier-Stokes linearizadas para a perturbação, discretizadas por diferenças finitas explícitas. O uso de diferenças finitas em conjunto com a implementação em matrizes esparsas reduz sensivelmente o uso de memória. Através do algoritmo de Arnoldi, a ordem do problema de autovalor é reduzida e os autovalores de interesse são recuperados. Os resultados indicam o efeito estabilizante da compressibilidade nos modos dominantes da cavidade e revelam modos inerentes ao escoamento compressível...

Finite volume simulation of 2-D steady square lid driven cavity flow at high reynolds numbers

Yapici,K.; Uludag,Y.
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering Publicador: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.18%
In this work, computer simulation results of steady incompressible flow in a 2-D square lid-driven cavity up to Reynolds number (Re) 65000 are presented and compared with those of earlier studies. The governing flow equations are solved by using the finite volume approach. Quadratic upstream interpolation for convective kinematics (QUICK) is used for the approximation of the convective terms in the flow equations. In the implementation of QUICK, the deferred correction technique is adopted. A non-uniform staggered grid arrangement of 768x768 is employed to discretize the flow geometry. Algebraic forms of the coupled flow equations are then solved through the iterative SIMPLE (Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure-Linked Equation) algorithm. The outlined computational methodology allows one to meet the main objective of this work, which is to address the computational convergence and wiggled flow problems encountered at high Reynolds and Peclet (Pe) numbers. Furthermore, after Re > 25000 additional vortexes appear at the bottom left and right corners that have not been observed in earlier studies.

A chebyshev collocation spectral method for numerical simulation of incompressible flow problems

Martinez,Johnny de Jesús; Esperança,Paulo de Tarso T.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia e Ciências Mecânicas - ABCM Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia e Ciências Mecânicas - ABCM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper concerns the numerical simulation of internal recirculating flows encompassing a two-dimensional viscous incompressible flow generated inside a regularized square driven cavity and over a backward-facing step. For this purpose, the simulation is performed by using the projection method combined with a Chebyshev collocation spectral method. The incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are formulated in terms of the primitive variables, velocity and pressure. The time integration of the spectrally discretized, incompressible Navier-Stokes equations is performed by a second-order mixed explicit/implicit time integration scheme. This scheme is a combination of the Crank-Nicolson scheme operating on the diffusive terms and a second-order Adams-Bashforth scheme acting on the advective terms. The projection method is used to split the solution of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in two decoupled problems: the Burgers equation to predict an intermediate velocity field and the Poisson equation for the pressure, which is used to correct the intermediate velocity field and satisfy the continuity equation. Numerical simulations for flows inside a two-dimensional regularized square driven cavity for Reynolds numbers up to 10000 and over a backward-facing step for Reynolds numbers up to 875 are presented and compared with numerical results previously published...

Characterization of oscillatory instability in lid driven cavity flows using lattice Boltzmann method

Anupindi, Kameswararao; Lai, Weichen; Frankel, Steven
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.31%
In the present work, lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) is applied for simulating flow in a three-dimensional lid driven cubic and deep cavities. The developed code is first validated by simulating flow in a cubic lid driven cavity at 1000 and 12000 Reynolds numbers following which we study the effect of cavity depth on the steady-oscillatory transition Reynolds number in cavities with depth aspect ratio equal to 1, 2 and 3. Turbulence modeling is performed through large eddy simulation (LES) using the classical Smagorinsky sub-grid scale model to arrive at an optimum mesh size for all the simulations. The simulation results indicate that the first Hopf bifurcation Reynolds number correlates negatively with the cavity depth which is consistent with the observations from two-dimensional deep cavity flow data available in the literature. Cubic cavity displays a steady flow field up to a Reynolds number of 2100, a delayed anti-symmetry breaking oscillatory field at a Reynolds number of 2300, which further gets restored to a symmetry preserving oscillatory flow field at 2350. Deep cavities on the other hand only attain an anti-symmetry breaking flow field from a steady flow field upon increase of the Reynolds number in the range explored. As the present work involved performing a set of time-dependent calculations for several Reynolds numbers and cavity depths...

Numerical study of forced convection lid-driven cavity flows using LES (Large Eddy Simulation)

Santos, Elizaldo Domingues dos; Petry, Adriane Prisco; Rocha, Luiz Alberto Oliveira; França, Francis Henrique Ramos
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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This study presents the LES (large eddy simulation) of forced convection in laminar and two dimensional turbulent flows when the flow reaches the steady state. The main purpose is the evaluation of a developed numerical methodology for the simulation of forced convection flows at various Reynolds numbers (100 ≤ ReH ≤ 10,000) and for a fixed Prandtl number (Pr = 1.0). The hexahedral eight-node FEM (finite element method) with an explicit Taylor-Galerkin scheme is used to obtain the numerical solutions of the conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy. The Smagorinsky model is employed for the sub-grid treatment. The time-averaged velocity and temperature profiles are compared with results of literature and a CFD (computational fluid dynamics) package based on finite volume method, leading to a highest deviation of nearly 6%. Moreover, characteristics of the forced convection flows are properly obtained, e.g., the effect of the Reynolds number over the multiplicity of scales.

Simulação de escoamentos não-periódicos utilizando as metodologias pseudo-espectral e da fronteira imersa acopladas; Simulation of non-periodics flows using the fourier pseudo-spectral and immersed boundary methods

Mariano, Felipe Pamplona
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Publicador: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Para compreender fenômenos relacionados à combustão, aeroacústica, transição a turbulência entre outros, a Dinâmica de Fluídos Computacional (CFD) utiliza os métodos de alta ordem. Um dos mais conhecidos é o método pseudo-espectral de Fourier, o qual alia: alta ordem de precisão na resolução das equações, com um baixo custo computacional. Este está ligado à utilização da FFT e do método da projeção do termo da pressão, o qual desvincula os cálculos da pressão da resolução das equações de Navier-Stokes. O procedimento de calcular o campo de pressão, normalmente é o mais oneroso nas metodologias convencionais. Apesar destas vantagens, o método pseudo-espectral de Fourier só pode ser utilizado para resolver problemas com condições de contorno periódicas, limitando o seu uso no campo da dinâmica de fluídos. Visando resolver essa restrição uma nova metodologia é proposta no presente trabalho, que tem como objetivo simular escoamentos não-periódicos utilizando o método pseudo-espectral de Fourier. Para isso, é utilizada a metodologia da Fronteira Imersa, a qual representa as condições de contorno de um escoamento através de um campo de força imposto nas equações de Navier-Stokes. Como teste...

Compressible modes in a square lid-driven cavity

Bergamo, Leandro Fernandes; Gennaro, Elmer Mateus; Theofilis, Vassilis; Medeiros, Marcello Augusto Faraco
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 125-134
ENG
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Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); This paper studies the effect of compressibility on the linear stability of a two-dimensional lid-driven cavity flow in the subsonic regime. The base flow is generated by high fidelity direct numerical simulation and a biglobal mode instability analysis is carried out by a matrix forming approach. The eigenvalue problem is discretized by high-order finite differences and Arnoldi algorithm is used to reduce the size of the problem. The solution procedure uses sparse matrix techniques. Influence of Mach number on the modes known from incompressible calculations is presented, showing that compressibility has a stabilizing effect. New modes that appear only for compressible flows are presented and their relationship with duct acoustics is investigated.

Proper general decomposition (PGD) for the resolution of Navier–Stokes equations

DUMON, Antoine; ALLERY, Cyrille; AMMAR, Amine
Fonte: ELSEVIER Publicador: ELSEVIER
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
In this work, the PGD method will be considered for solving some problems of fluid mechanics by looking for the solution as a sum of tensor product functions. In the first stage, the equations of Stokes and Burgers will be solved. Then, we will solve the Navier–Stokes problem in the case of the lid-driven cavity for different Reynolds numbers (Re = 100, 1000 and 10,000). Finally, the PGD method will be compared to the standard resolution technique, both in terms of CPU time and accuracy.; Région Poitou-Charentes

Modelagem mecânica e investigação numérica de escoamentos de fluidos SMD empregando um método multi-campos de galerkin mínimos-quadrados

Santos, Daniel Dall'Onder dos
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A maioria dos líquidos encontrados na natureza são não-Newtonianos e o estudo do seu comportamento tem uma importância significante em diferentes áreas da engenharia. Entre eles, uma larga classe de materiais que exibem pequena ou nenhuma deformação quando sujeitos a um nível de tensões inferiores a uma tensão limite de escoamento – chamado de comportamento viscoplástico. A presente Dissertação tem como objetivo o estudo numérico de escoamentos bidimensionais em regime permanente de fluidos viscoplásticos não-lineares em uma cavidade forçada. O modelo mecânico é definido pelas equações de conservação de massa e de balanço de momentum acopladas ao modelo viscoplástico recentemente introduzido por Souza Mendes e Dutra – SMD – e é aproximado por um método de elementos finitos multi-campos estabilizado baseado na metodologia de Galerkin mínimos-quadrados que possui como variáveis primais os campos de tensão-extra, velocidade e pressão. As condições de compatibilidade entre os subespaços de elementos finitos para tensão-extra-velocidade e velocidade-pressão são violadas, permitindo assim a utilização de interpolações de igual ordem. O método estabilizado foi implementado no código de elementos finitos para fluidos não-Newtonianos em desenvolvimento no Laboratório de Mecânica dos Fluidos Aplicada e Computacional (LAMAC) da UFRGS. Em diversos trabalhos encontrados na literatura...

Flujo de Poiseuille y la cavidad con pared móvil calculado usando el método de la ecuación de lattice Boltzmann; Poiseuille flow and the lid-driven cavity calculate using the Lattice Boltzmann equation method

Elkín G. Flórez S.; Grupo de Investigación ECOMMFIT, profesor asistente, Programa de Ingeniería Mecánica, Universidad de Pamplona.; Ildefonso Cuesta; Grupo de Investigación ECOMMFIT, Universidad Rovira i Virgili.; Clara Salueña; Grupo de Investigac
Fonte: Universidad del Norte Publicador: Universidad del Norte
Tipo: article; publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
SPA
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ResumenEl objetivo de este artículo es presentar los resultados de la aplicación del Método de Lattice Boltzmann (LBM) como una herramienta de solución en la dinámica computacional de fluidos. Después de una corta revisión de la teoría básica y utilizando el modelo bidimensional de 9 velocidades (D2Q9), el flujo de Poiseuille es simulado y los resultados son comparados con la solución analítica existente. También, es modelada la cavidad con pared móvil (Lid-driven) y los resultados obtenidos validados con datos existentes (Guía et al.). Las condiciones de frontera para pared estática y pared móvil son revisadas en el primer y segundo modelo, respectivamente. Los resultados indican la eficiencia del LBM para simular flujos de fluido incompresibles y laminares. También, que como efecto de incrementar el número de puntos en el lattice, mejora la convergencia computacional y reduce las oscilaciones espaciales de la solución cerca de puntos geométricamente singulares en el flujo.; AbstractThe aim of this article is to present the results of the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) application as computational fluid dynamics solvers. After of short review of the basic theory and using the two-dimensional model with 9 velocities (D2Q9)...

Resolución numérica de las ecuaciones de Navier-Stokes; Numerical solution of the Navier-Stokes equations

Cavada López-Tapia, Adriana
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
RESUMEN: El objetivo fundamental de este proyecto consiste en resolver numéricamente las ecuaciones de Navier-Stokes en su forma incompresible mediante la creación de un código programado con MatLab que permita resolver y estudiar la fenomenología de la mecánica de fluidos. La idea principal es profundizar en la física que hay detrás del proceso de la implementación computacional de un problema, por lo que el código resolverá casos con geometrías sencillas, y la eficiencia del mismo no será una prioridad. Se ha propuesto una discretización espacial mediante el método de volúmenes finitos y se ha utilizado el método de pasos fraccionados para resolver el acoplamiento de la velocidad y la presión. Con el fin de validar el programa se ha utilizado un caso test denominado \driven cavity\ en dos dimensiones, caso muy común en la dinámica de fluidos computacional para validar nuevos códigos que resuelven el movimiento de fluidos. Se han estudiado tres números de Reynolds en régimen laminar, 100, 1000 y 2000. Los resultados obtenidos con el código nuevo son similares a los obtenidos con el software comercial ANSYS Fluent.; ABSTRACT: The main objective of this project is to numerically solve the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations by creating a code programmed with MatLab that allows solving and studying the phenomenology of fluids dynamics. The principal idea is to delve into the physics behind the process of implementing computationally a problem...

Driven cavity flow: from molecular dynamics to continuum hydrodynamics

Qian, Tiezheng; Wang, Xiao-Ping
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/03/2004
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been carried out to investigate the slip of fluid in the lid driven cavity flow where the no-slip boundary condition causes unphysical stress divergence. The MD results not only show the existence of fluid slip but also verify the validity of the Navier slip boundary condition. To better understand the fluid slip in this problem, a continuum hydrodynamic model has been formulated based upon the MD verification of the Navier boundary condition and the Newtonian stress. Our model has no adjustable parameter because all the material parameters (density, viscosity, and slip length) are directly determined from MD simulations. Steady-state velocity fields from continuum calculations are in quantitative agreement with those from MD simulations, from the molecular-scale structure to the global flow. The main discovery is as follows. In the immediate vicinity of the corners where moving and fixed solid surfaces intersect, there is a core partial-slip region where the slippage is large at the moving solid surface and decays away from the intersection quickly. In particular, the structure of this core region is nearly independent of the system size. On the other hand, for sufficiently large system, an additional partial-slip region appears where the slippage varies as $1/r$ with $r$ denoting the distance from the corner along the moving solid surface. The existence of this wide power-law region is in accordance with the asymptotic $1/r$ variation of stress and the Navier boundary condition.; Comment: 28 pages...

Flow in the Driven Cavity Calculated by the Lattice Boltzmann Method

Miller, W.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/07/1994
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
The lattice Boltzmann method with enhanced collisions and rest particles is used to calculate the flow in a two-dimensional lid-driven cavity. The abilitity of this method to compute the velocity and the pressure of an incompressible fluid in a geometry with Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions is verified by calculating a test-problem where the analytical solution is known. Different parameter configurations have been tested for Reynolds numbers from $Re=10$ to $Re=2000$. The vortex structure for a more generalized lid-driven cavity problem with a non-uniform top speed has been studied for various acpect ratios.; Comment: post-script-file text without figures. figures can be asked from the Author

Investigations of the NS-alpha model using a lid-driven cavity flow

Scott, K. A.; Lien, F. S.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
In this paper we investigate a subgrid model based on an anisotropic version of the NS-$\alpha$ model using a lid-driven cavity flow at a Reynolds number of 10,000. Previously the NS-$\alpha$ model has only been used numerically in the isotropic form. The subgrid model is developed from the Eulerian-averaged anisotropic equations [Holm, \textit{Physica D}, v.133, pp 215-269, 1999]. It was found that when $\alpha^{2}$ was based on the mesh numerical oscillations developed which manifested themselves in the appearance of streamwise vortices and a `mixing out' of the velocity profile. This is analogous to the Craik-Leibovich mechanism, with the difference being that the oscillations here are not physical but numerical. The problem could be traced back to the discontinuity in $\alpha^{2}$ encountered when $\alpha^{2}=0$ on the endwalls. An alternative definition of $\alpha^{2}$ based on velocity gradients, rather than mesh spacing, is proposed and tested. Using this definition the results with the model shown a significant improvement. The splitting of the downstream wall jet, rms and shear stress profiles are correctly captured a coarse mesh. The model is shown to predict both positive and negative energy transfer in the jet impingement region...

Entangled and disentangled evolution for a single atom in a driven cavity

Gea-Banacloche, J.; Burt, T. C.; Rice, P. R.; Orozco, L.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/09/2004
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
For an atom in an externally driven cavity, we show that special initial states lead to near-disentangled atom-field evolution, and superpositions of these can lead to near maximally-entangled states. Somewhat counterintutively, we find that (moderate) spontaneous emission in this system actually leads to a transient increase in entanglement beyond the steady-state value. We also show that a particular field correlation function could be used, in an experimental setting, to track the time evolution of this entanglement.

The secondary flow in a short aspect ratio circular lid driven cavity at small but finite Reynolds number

Muite, Benson K.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 21/10/2003
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
Regular perturbation solutions are obtained for the Stokes flow field, the first order effects of inertia on the flow field, and the primary and secondary pressure fields in the circular lid driven cavity. The physical mechanism that causes vortex breakdown exists at small Reynolds number; it is a stagnation of the secondary flow by an adverse pressure gradient. The discontinuity between the rotating lid and the stationary sidewall has negligible influence on the flow field provided that the inertial forcing of the secondary flow is not localized near the boundary discontinuity, and the Reynolds number is small.; Comment: 18 pages, 20 figures, submitted to Physics of Fluids

Sheared stably stratified turbulence and large-scale waves in a lid driven cavity

Cohen, N.; Eidelman, A.; Elperin, T.; Kleeorin, N.; Rogachevskii, I.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
We investigated experimentally stably stratified turbulent flows in a lid driven cavity with a non-zero vertical mean temperature gradient in order to identify the parameters governing the mean and turbulent flows and to understand their effects on the momentum and heat transfer. We found that the mean velocity patterns (e.g., the form and the sizes of the large-scale circulations) depend strongly on the degree of the temperature stratification. In the case of strong stable stratification, the strong turbulence region is located in the vicinity of the main large-scale circulation. We detected the large-scale nonlinear oscillations in the case of strong stable stratification which can be interpreted as nonlinear internal gravity waves. The ratio of the main energy-containing frequencies of these waves in velocity and temperature fields in the nonlinear stage is about 2. The amplitude of the waves increases in the region of weak turbulence (near the bottom wall of the cavity), whereby the vertical mean temperature gradient increases.; Comment: 11 pages, 14 figures, REVTEX4-1

Numerical Solutions of 2-D Steady Incompressible Driven Cavity Flow at High Reynolds Numbers

Erturk, E.; Corke, T. C.; Gokcol, C.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Numerical calculations of the 2-D steady incompressible driven cavity flow are presented. The Navier-Stokes equations in streamfunction and vorticity formulation are solved numerically using a fine uniform grid mesh of 601x601. The steady driven cavity solutions are computed for Re<21,000 with a maximum absolute residuals of the governing equations that were less than 10-10. A new quaternary vortex at the bottom left corner and a new tertiary vortex at the top left corner of the cavity are observed in the flow field as the Reynolds number increases. Detailed results are presented and comparisons are made with benchmark solutions found in the literature.

Discussions on Driven Cavity Flow

Erturk, E.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
The widely studied benchmark problem, 2-D driven cavity flow problem is discussed in details in terms of physical and mathematical and also numerical aspects. A very brief literature survey on studies on the driven cavity flow is given. Based on the several numerical and experimental studies, the fact of the matter is, above moderate Reynolds numbers physically the flow in a driven cavity is not two-dimensional. However there exist numerical solutions for 2-D driven cavity flow at high Reynolds numbers.

The controlled teleportation of an arbitrary two-atom entangled state in driven cavity QED

Shan, Chuan-Jia; Liu, Ji-Bing; Liu, Tang-Kun; Huang, Yan-Xia; Li, Hong
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
In this paper, we propose a scheme for the controlled teleportation of an arbitrary two-atom entangled state $|\phi>_{12}=a|gg>_{12}+b|ge>_{12}+c|eg>_{12}+d|ee>_{12}$ in driven cavity QED. An arbitrary two-atom entangled state can be teleported perfectly with the help of the cooperation of the third side by constructing a three-atom GHZ entangled state as the controlled channel. This scheme does not involve apparent (or direct) Bell-state measurement and is insensitive to the cavity decay and the thermal field. The probability of the success in our scheme is 1.0.; Comment: 10 pages