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Glossary of terms on animal housing: interconnecting engineering, physical and physiological definitions

Panagakis, P.; Blanes-Vidal, V.; Banhazi, T.; Barbosa, José Carlos; Maltz, E.; Fitas da Cruz, Vasco; Berckmans, D.
Fonte: CIGR - International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publicador: CIGR - International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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45.99%
Animal Housing is a multidisciplinary scientific area which requires the involvement of scientists from different fields such as engineers, physicians, animal scientists, veterinarians, etc. Their collaboration requires the establishment and use of a standardized vocabulary that provides consistency and reduces misunderstandings among scientists with diverse background or Nationality. A first dictionary entitled ‘Glossary of Terms on Animal Housing: Basic Engineering, Physical and Physiological Definitions’ has been prepared by a Working Group (Animal Housing in Hot Climate) established under CIGR-Section II. The glossary made reference to Engineering, Thermal Biology and Environmental Physiology disciplines and it aimed at (1) setting-up uniformity in Animal Housing terms related to climatization and to (2) serve as a focal point for the development of valuable new terms and definitions, and become a functional tool for all those involved in this study subject. Furthermore, the glossary can eventually become a background document for opening-up further discussions on the meaning of various terms used in Animal Housing.

The Use of Latent Semantic Indexing to Mitigate OCR Effects of Related Document Images

BULCAO-NETO, Renato F.; CAMACHO-GUERRERO, Jose A.; DUTRA, Marcio; BARREIRO, Alvaro; PARAPAR, Javier; MACEDO, Alessandra A.
Fonte: GRAZ UNIV TECHNOLGOY, INST INFORMATION SYSTEMS COMPUTER MEDIA-IICM Publicador: GRAZ UNIV TECHNOLGOY, INST INFORMATION SYSTEMS COMPUTER MEDIA-IICM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Due to both the widespread and multipurpose use of document images and the current availability of a high number of document images repositories, robust information retrieval mechanisms and systems have been increasingly demanded. This paper presents an approach to support the automatic generation of relationships among document images by exploiting Latent Semantic Indexing (LSI) and Optical Character Recognition (OCR). We developed the LinkDI (Linking of Document Images) service, which extracts and indexes document images content, computes its latent semantics, and defines relationships among images as hyperlinks. LinkDI was experimented with document images repositories, and its performance was evaluated by comparing the quality of the relationships created among textual documents as well as among their respective document images. Considering those same document images, we ran further experiments in order to compare the performance of LinkDI when it exploits or not the LSI technique. Experimental results showed that LSI can mitigate the effects of usual OCR misrecognition, which reinforces the feasibility of LinkDI relating OCR output with high degradation.; CNPq[557976/2008-1]; FAPESP[05/60038-5]; FAPESP[05/60729-8]; FAPESP[06/58984-2]; FAPESP[09/14292-8]; FAPESP[2009/05504-1]; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion[TIN2008-06566-C04-04]; FEDER; Xunta de Galicia[07SIN005206PR]; Innolution Sistemas de Informatica

Document engineering approaches toward scalable and structured multimedia, web and printable documents

PIMENTEL, Maria da Graca; BULTERMAN, Dick C. A.; SOARES, Luiz Fernando Gomes
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Document engineering is the computer science discipline that investigates systems for documents in any form and in all media. As with the relationship between software engineering and software, document engineering is concerned with principles, tools and processes that improve our ability to create, manage, and maintain documents (http://www.documentengineering.org). The ACM Symposium on Document Engineering is an annual meeting of researchers active in document engineering: it is sponsored by ACM by means of the ACM SIGWEB Special Interest Group. In this editorial, we first point to work carried out in the context of document engineering, which are directly related to multimedia tools and applications. We conclude with a summary of the papers presented in this special issue.

Operadores de interação multimídia para criação automática de documentos: Interactors; Media-oriented operators for authoring multimedia documents: interactors

Oliveros, Didier Augusto Vega
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/04/2011 PT
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Neste trabalho foi investigado o problema de autoria automatizada de informação multimídia sob a perspectiva da computação ubíqua de modo geral, e da interação do usuário com aplicações de captura e accesso (C&A) de modo particular. O objetivo do projeto foi a definição de operadores sobre interação do usuário em ambientes e em aplicações para permitir a geração automática de documentos multimídia interativos, um dos temas de pesquisa da área de engenharia de documentos. A abordagem da proposta foi a generalização dos operadores Inkteractors, definidos sobre a interação do usuário com aplicações baseadas em tinta eletrônica, considerando a interação do usuário na voz, mensagens de texto, vídeo e lousa. Como resultado foram definido os novos Interactors: operadores de interação sobre informação capturada em aplicações que envolvem interação do usuário com as mídias. Os Interactors foram validados no contexto de engenharia de documentos ao serem utilizados para a geração automática de documentos multimídia interativos, associados a aplicações de C&A para oferecer novas possibilidades de indexar, visualizar e acessar os documentos multimídia; This study investigated the problem of automated authoring of multimedia information from the perspective of ubiquitous computing in general...

An Environment for Document Engineering of Clinical Guidelines

Georg, Gersende; Jaulent, Marie-Christine
Fonte: American Medical Informatics Association Publicador: American Medical Informatics Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 EN
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46.14%
In this paper, we present the G-DEE system, a document engineering environment aimed at clinical guidelines. This system represents an extension of current visual interfaces for guidelines encoding, in that it supports automatic text processing functions which identify linguistic markers of document structure, such as recommendations, thereby decreasing the complexity of operations required by the user. Such markers are identified by shallow parsing of free text and are automatically marked up as an early step of document structuring. From this first representation, it is possible to identify elements of guidelines contents, such as decision variables, and produce elements of GEM encoding, using rules defined as XSL style sheets. We tested our automatic structuring system on a set of sentences extracted from French clinical guidelines. As a result, 97% of the occurrences of deontic operators and their scopes were correctly marked up. G-DEE can be used for various purposes, from research into guidelines structure to assisting the encoding of guidelines into a GEM format or into decision rules.

Subword-based approaches for spoken document retrieval

Ng, Kenney, 1967-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 187 p.; 835758 bytes; 835515 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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This thesis explores approaches to the problem of spoken document retrieval (SDR), which is the task of automatically indexing and then retrieving relevant items from a large collection of recorded speech messages in response to a user specified natural language text query. We investigate the use of subword unit representations for SDR as an alternative to words generated by either keyword spotting or continuous speech recognition. Our investigation is motivated by the observation that word-based retrieval approaches face the problem of either having to know the keywords to search for [em a priori], or requiring a very large recognition vocabulary in order to cover the contents of growing and diverse message collections. The use of subword units in the recognizer constrains the size of the vocabulary needed to cover the language; and the use of subword units as indexing terms allows for the detection of new user-specified query terms during retrieval. Four research issues are addressed. First, what are suitable subword units and how well can they perform? Second, how can these units be reliably extracted from the speech signal? Third, what is the behavior of the subword units when there are speech recognition errors and how well do they perform? And fourth...

An expert system for document retrieval

Yip, Man-Kam
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: v, 91 leaves; 5491135 bytes; 5490895 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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by Man-Kam Yip.; Thesis (M.S.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 1981.; MICROFICHE COPY AVAILABLE IN ARCHIVES AND ENGINEERING.; Bibliography: leaves 55-57.

Investigation of machine learning tools for document clustering and classification; Application of machine learning algorithms for document clustering and classification

Borodavkina, Lyudmila, 1977-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 59 leaves; 5253610 bytes; 5253368 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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46.08%
by Lyudmila Borodavkina.; Thesis (M.Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2000.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 57-59).

Detecting and parsing embedded lightweight structures

Rha, Philip
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 72 p.; 2721231 bytes; 2724141 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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Text documents, web pages, and source code are all documents that contain language structures that can be parsed with corresponding parsers. Some documents, like JSP pages, Java tutorial pages, and Java source code, often have language structures that are nested within another language structure. Although parsers exist exclusively for the outer and inner language structure, neither is suited for parsing the embedded structures in the context of the document. This thesis presents a new technique for selectively applying existing parsers on intelligently transformed document content. The task of parsing these embedded structures can be broken up into two phases: detection of embedded structures and parsing of those embedded structures. In order to detect embedded structures, we take advantage of the fact that there are natural boundaries in any given language in which these embedded structures can appear. We use these natural boundaries to narrow our search space for embedded structures. We further reduce the search space by using statistical analysis of token frequency for different language types. By combining the use of natural boundaries and the use of token frequency analysis, we can, for any given document, generate a set of regions that have a high probability of being an embedded structure.; (cont.) To parse the embedded structures...

Using mass media to bring engineering principles to young audiences to inspire interest and pursuit of future engineering or technologically based careers

Straub, Kimberly M; Lentz, Deanna M
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 22 leaves
ENG
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In the progression of this thesis document, an idea for an episode of an educational and interactive television show has been explored and developed. The direction of this episode will fit into the aforementioned educational television show format (which will be further described and discussed in subsequent sections of this document). For our particular episode, the focus audience and main target demographic of the theme are young, middle-school aged girls. The theme of the show, which has to do with cooking a familiar and typically well-liked (by children) food by using an alternative energy source and engineering design principles. In this show, it is our goal that both the players and the viewing audience learn about the engineering concepts involved with basic optics and solar energy. In our investigation, a theme for the episode has been developed, and a sample solution has been worked out and tested. Based on the results of this trial run, suggestions and conclusions have been made regarding the future directions for this project.; by Kimberly M. Straub and Deanna M. Lentz.; Thesis (S.B.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2006.; Includes bibliographical references (leaf 22).

Lightweight Torsen style limited slip differential and rear driveline package for Formula SAE

Scelfo, Tony (Tony W.)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 42 p.
ENG
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This document describes the design and fabrication of a complete driveline package for the MIT Formula SAE race car. The driveline is centered around a custom aluminum housing for a Torsen® T 1I gearing. This gearing provides a torque biases limited slip differential which has had good success in the Formula SAE series. The design includes all of the components needed to deliver power from a Honda CBR600 F4i engine to the wheels of a custom race car. This document is intended to document the design process that went into the 2006 MIT FSAE car. Furthermore, this document describes many of the steps required to manufacture each component. FSAE competitors often face the challenge of fabricating the parts that they design. Manufacturing setups are shown and described in order to help designers best prepare for fabrication.; by Tony Scelfo.; Thesis (S.B.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2006.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 40).

Workload analysis and scheduling policies for a document processing centre

Tan, Chin Jiat
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 72 leaves
ENG
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This thesis is the result of a six-month internship at the Steel Stock Department of Keppel FELS Singapore, a company which is involved in the design and construction of oil-rigs. The primary objective of this project is to reduce the tardiness of the delivery of steel materials and identify the reasons behind the delay. The initial stage of this attachment is devoted to understanding the process flow of the department. Analysis has been done to pinpoint to the exact causes of the delay, which is at the stages of document processing and dispatching to the storage areas. The workload at each stage of document processing has been analyzed using a queuing model and it has been found that the stage that the issue vouchers have to be generated and printed out is the bottleneck in the entire process flow. Some recommendations have been proposed to alleviate the problem. The second part of this thesis focuses on the reasons why scheduling rules should be utilized when dispatching the issue vouchers to the storage areas. Three scheduling rules have been tested and their performances with regards to tardiness have been studied.; by Chin Jiat Tan.; Thesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2006.; Includes bibliographical references.

High compression rate text summarization

Branavan, Satchuthananthavale Rasiah Kuhan
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 97 p.
ENG
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36.21%
This thesis focuses on methods for condensing large documents into highly concise summaries, achieving compression rates on par with human writers. While the need for such summaries in the current age of information overload is increasing, the desired compression rate has thus far been beyond the reach of automatic summarization systems. The potency of our summarization methods is due to their in-depth modelling of document content in a probabilistic framework. We explore two types of document representation that capture orthogonal aspects of text content. The first represents the semantic properties mentioned in a document in a hierarchical Bayesian model. This method is used to summarize thousands of consumer reviews by identifying the product properties mentioned by multiple reviewers. The second representation captures discourse properties, modelling the connections between different segments of a document. This discriminatively trained model is employed to generate tables of contents for books and lecture transcripts. The summarization methods presented here have been incorporated into large-scale practical systems that help users effectively access information online.; by Satchuthananthavale Rasiah Kuhan Branavan.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Case Study in Security Requirements Engineering for a High Assurance System

Irvine, Cynthia E.; Levin, Timothy E.; Wilson, Jeffery D.; Shifflett, David; Pereira, Bereira
Fonte: Proceedings of the 1st Symposium on Requirements Engineering for Information Security Publicador: Proceedings of the 1st Symposium on Requirements Engineering for Information Security
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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36.2%
Requirements specifications for high assurance secure systems are rare in the open literature. This paper presents a case study in the development of a requirements document for a multilevel secure system that must meet stringent assurance and evaluation requirements. The system is secure, yet combines popular commercial components with specialized high assurance ones. Functional and non-functional requirements pertinent to security are discussed. A multi-dimensional threat model is presented. The threat model accounts for the developmental and operational phases of system evolution and for each phase accounts for both physical and non-physical threats. We describe our team-based method for developing a requirements document and relate that process to techniques in requirements engineering. The system requirements document presents a calibration point for future security requirements engineering techniques intended to meet both functional and assurance goals.

Questionnaire for Review of Engineering Programs ; volume 2 ; Submitted by the Naval Postgraduate School on 1 May 1983 to the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology.

Fonte: Electrical Engineering; Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Electrical Engineering; Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório
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This is the second volume prepared by the Naval Postgraduate Schoolメs Electrical Engineering Program in 1983. This document was submitted on 1 May 1983 to the Engineering Accreditation Commission located in New York. The document contains the objectives and self-appraisal of the Electrical Engineering Program, list course requirements; provides information relating to the laboratories associated with the Engineering Program and. Also included in this volume is information on the Naval Postgraduate Schoolメs student development programs, ethics and professionalism course, course outlines (Appendix A) and faculty information (Appendix B).

Electrical and Computer Engineering Department Course Descriptions, May 1984

Fonte: Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.); Electrical Engineering Publicador: Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.); Electrical Engineering
Tipo: Relatório
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This document contains course summaries of the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department offered in 1984. Although these descriptions are representative of course content, there may be variations from quarter to quarter or from instructor to instructor. These course summaries contain the followinq information which is intenderl to provide a broader description than is contained in the NPS cataloq: 1. Cataloq Description 2. Typical Text(s) 3. Prerequisite(s) 4. Faculty Contact(s) 5. Course Goals 6. Course Content 7. Laboratory Content

Master of Science in Software Engineering Academic Program Manual

Luqi
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório
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The views, opinions and/or findings contained in this report are those of the author(s) and should not be construed as an official Department of the Army position, policy or decision, unless so designated by other documentation.; This document contains the objectives, organization, policies and procedures for the Master of Science in Software Engineering degree program at the Naval Postgraduate School. It provides guidelines, templates, and procedures for the preparation and submission of the thesis proposal and the Master's thesis.; Prepared for: Software Engineering Automation Center

A computer tools classification based on collaborative engineering environments and its value on education

Osorio G??mez, Gilberto; Mej??a Guti??rrez, Ricardo; R??os Zapata, David
Fonte: Grupo de Investigaci??n en Ingenier??a de Dise??o - GRID; Design Engineering Research Group - GRID; Escuela de Ingenier??a Publicador: Grupo de Investigaci??n en Ingenier??a de Dise??o - GRID; Design Engineering Research Group - GRID; Escuela de Ingenier??a
Tipo: conferenceObject; Documento de conferencia; publishedVersion
ENG
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Computer tools usage has dramatically changed the working practice of design engineers, even from early stages of the product design and development process, offering new and more efficient ways to reduce costs and lead time and to obtain better products -- Furthermore, computer science advances have driven the development of new informatics solutions supporting different areas of knowledge, changing the way of doing things and demanding new learning strategies -- In order to accomplish all these objectives, the authors propose a new computer tools classification centred on both specifics areas of knowledge and different stages of the design process -- Related to product design engineering knowledge, there are some classifications focused on sorting tools to fulfil specific design aspects such as concurrent engineering or product life-cycle management (PLM) -- However, none of the current classifications are focused to find and to categorize computer tools for each design stage of the product life cycle, starting from early product design stages, such as need identification, to final design stages, such as recycling and disposal -- In the same manner, it is important to differentiate which technologies allow and support collaborative and distributed work -- This document presents a computer tools classification oriented to product design engineering processes...

Annotation persistence over dynamic documents

Wang, Shaomin, 1969-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 216 p.; 12022602 bytes; 12050532 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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36.27%
Annotations, as a routine practice of actively engaging with reading materials, are heavily used in the paper world to augment the usefulness of documents. By annotation, we include a large variety of creative manipulations by which the otherwise passive reader becomes actively involved in a document. Annotations in digital form possess many benefits paper annotations do not enjoy, such as annotation searching, annotation multi- referencing, and annotation sharing. The digital form also introduces challenges to the process of annotation. This study looks at one of them, annotation persistence over dynamic documents. With the development of annotation software, users now have the opportunity to annotate documents which they don't own, or to which they don't have write permission. In annotation software, annotations are normally created and saved independently of the document. The owners of the documents being annotated may have no knowledge of the fact that third parties are annotating their documents' contents. When document contents are modified, annotation software faces a difficult situation where annotations need to be reattached. Reattaching annotations in a revised version of a document is a crucial component in annotation system design. Annotation persistence over document versions is a complicated and challenging problem...

A Complexity measure based on Requirement Engineering Document

Sharma, Ashish; Kushwaha, D. S.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 14/06/2010
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36.23%
Research shows, that the major issue in development of quality software is precise estimation. Further this estimation depends upon the degree of intricacy inherent in the software i.e. complexity. This paper attempts to empirically demonstrate the proposed complexity which is based on IEEE Requirement Engineering document. It is said that a high quality SRS is pre requisite for high quality software. Requirement Engineering document (SRS) is a specification for a particular software product, program or set of program that performs some certain functions for a specific environment. The various complexity measure given so far are based on Code and Cognitive metrics value of software, which are code based. So these metrics provide no leverage to the developer of the code. Considering the shortcoming of code based approaches, the proposed approach identifies complexity of software immediately after freezing the requirement in SDLC process. The proposed complexity measure compares well with established complexity measures. Finally the trend can be validated with the result of proposed measure. Ultimately, Requirement based complexity measure can be used to understand the complexity of proposed software much before the actual implementation of design thus saving on cost and manpower wastage.; Comment: Submitted to Journal of Computer Science and Engineering...