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Energy and amino acid content in phase 1 nursery diet: piglet performance and body chemical composition; Densidade de energia e aminoácidos em dietas de leitões na fase pré-inicial de creche: desempenho e composição química corporal

TRINDADE NETO, Messias Alves da; BERTO, Dirlei Antonio; NYACHOTI, Charles Martin; SCHAMMASS, Eliana Aparecida
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
It was evaluated the effects of metabolizable energy (ME) and digestible lysine (dLYS) densities on performance and body composition of weaned piglets. The study used 114 piglets weaned at 7.4 ± 0.80 kg, out of which 108 were allotted in the nursery and 6 were slaughtered on the weaning day to determine comparative data of body chemical composition. Six nutrients densities were stipulated from a previous study based on the highest nitrogen retention, maintaining the following ME:LYS relationship in the experimental diets: 3,390:1.291; 3,450:1.409; 3,650:1.411; 3,780:1.461; 3,940:1.507; and 4,109 kcal/kg ME:1.564% dLYS. The experimental diets were offered for 13 days when the piglets reached 12.986 ± 1.449 kg of body weight. The probable residual effects of nutritional density on the subsequent performance of the piglets were evaluated. At the end of initial phase 1, six piglets from each density were slaughtered to determine their chemical composition in body fractions and empty body. There was no significant influence of nutritional levels on the performance of the piglets at the end of the evaluation. The results of food conversion and body composition confirm the level indicated in the previous study, 4 g dLYS/Mcal of ME. The increase of energy and lysine densities confirms the need for a correct relationship among both of them to assure better performance of the piglets at the beginning of the growing phase.; Avaliaram-se os efeitos da densidade de energia metabolizável (EM) e lisina digestível (LIS) sobre o desempenho e a composição corporal de leitões após o desmame. Utilizaram-se 114 animais desmamados aos 7...

Effect of energy levels of diets formulated on total or digestible amino acid basis on broiler performance

Maiorka, Alex; Dahlke, Fabiano; Santin, E.; Kessler, Alexandre de Mello; Penz Junior, Antonio Mario
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.21%
This study was conducted to evaluate the performance and carcass and breast yields of broilers fed two different energy levels (3,200 or 2,900 kcal ME/kg) and two ways of expressing amino acid requirements (total -TAA or digestible - DAA) between 21 and 42 days of age. The results showed that broilers fed the diet containing 3,200 kcal ME/kg had higher weight gain (P=0.015), better feed conversion (P=0.001), and higher abdominal fat deposition (P=0.001) as compared to those fed the diet containing 2,900 kcal ME/kg. Diets formulated on DAA basis promoted higher weight gain (P=0.043), better feed conversion (P=0.010) and better conversion of ME intake into weight gain (P=0.007) as compared to those formulated on TAA basis. The results of this study suggest that formulation based on DAA is necessary if the diets contain protein sources that are not reliable in terms of amino acid digestibility. The response to formulation based on DAA was minimized when birds received the low energy level diet (2,900 kcal ME/kg).

Diets formulated on total or digestible amino acid basis with different energy levels and physical form on broiler performance

Maiorka, Alex; Dahlke, Fabiano; Penz Junior, Antonio Mario; Kessler, Alexandre de Mello
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
We studied the effects of two different systems of expressing amino acid requirements (total – TAA or digestible – DAA), two energy levels (2,900 or 3,200 kcal of ME/kg) and two physical forms (mash or pellet) on the performance of male broilers from 21 to 42 d of age. Diets formulated on DAA basis improved feed conversion (p<0.001) and the conversion of consumed ME into body weight gain (p<0.001). Birds fed 3,200 kcal ME/kg presented better feed conversion (p<0.001), higher abdominal fat deposition (p<0.001) and worse conversion of consumed ME into body weight gain (p<0.001) as compared to birds fed 2,900 kcal ME/kg. Birds fed pelleted feed had higher feed intake (p<0.001), higher weight gain (p<0.001), better feed conversion (p<0.001), better conversion of consumed ME into body weight gain (p<0.001) and higher abdominal fat deposition (p<0.001). The results obtained in the present study suggest that feed formulation based on DAA is required when diets contain protein sources which amino acid digestibility is unreliable. Besides, pelleted feed improves performance parameters of broilers.

Ingredient classification according to the digestible amino acid profile: an exploratory analysis

Faria Filho, DE; Torres, KAA; Campos, DMB; Vieira, BS; Urbano, T; Rosa, PS; Ferraudo, AS
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 185-193
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
This study aimed: 1) to classify ingredients according to the digestible amino acid (AA) profile; 2) to determine ingredients with AA profile closer to the ideal for broiler chickens; and 3) to compare digestible AA profiles from simulated diets with the ideal protein profile. The digestible AA levels of 30 ingredients were compiled from the literature and presented as percentages of lysine according to the ideal protein concept. Cluster and principal component analyses (exploratory analyses) were used to compose and describe groups of ingredients according to AA profiles. Four ingredient groups were identified by cluster analysis, and the classification of the ingredients within each of these groups was obtained from a principal component analysis, showing 11 classes of ingredients with similar digestible AA profiles. The ingredients with AA profiles closer to the ideal protein were meat and bone meal 45, fish meal 60 and wheat germ meal, all of them constituting Class 1; the ingredients from the other classes gradually diverged from the ideal protein. Soybean meal, which is the main protein source for poultry, showed good AA balance since it was included in Class 3. on the contrary, corn, which is the main energy source in poultry diets...

Different criteria of feed formulation for broilers aged 43 to 49 days

Araújo, LF; Junqueira, Otto Mack; Araújo, CSS; Faria, DE; Andreotti, MO
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 61-64
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); An experiment was carried out to evaluate different formulated feeds for broilers from 43 to 49 days of age. Six hundred male Cobb broilers were distributed in a completely at random experimental design with 3 treatments (3 different criteria of feed formulation) and 4 repetitions per treatment, with 50 birds each. Diets were formulated with different criteria of digestible amino acid inclusion (methionine, methionine+cystine, lysine and threonine), according to the profiles recommended by Baker and Chung (1992), Degussa (1997) and Rostagno (2000) Live performance and carcass yield were evaluated in birds fed the different diets from 43 to 49 days of age). The profile established by Degussa (1997) resulted in best live performance. All profiles supplied the nutritional requirements of the birds for adequate carcass yield, but Degussa (1997) profile resulted in highest breast yield.

Pearl millet utilization in ccommercial laying hen diets formulated on a total or digestible amino acid basis

Filardi, RS; Junqueira, Otto Mack; Casartelli, em; Laurentiz, AC; Duarte, KF; Assuena, V
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 99-105
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.43%
An experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of replacing corn with pearl millet in commercial layer diets, formulated according to the minimal requirements for total and digestible amino acids. Two hundred and forty Lohmann LSL laying hens with 25 weeks of age were distributed in a completely randomized experimental design according to a 2 x 5 factorial arrangement with 3 replicates of 8 birds. Feed was formulated on two amino acid basis (total or digestible) according to Rostagno et al. (2000) and there were five pearl millet inclusion levels (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100%). Performance and egg quality were evaluated during five periods of 21 days.At the end of each period, feed intake, egg production, egg weight and feed conversion were evaluated. In the last three days of each period, the following egg quality parameters were evaluated: Haugh Unit, yolk pigmentation index, egg specific weight, shell percentage and shell thickness. Digestible amino acid requirements resulted in decreased feed intake (p<0.01) and increased production costs per mass of eggs (kg) or per dozen eggs (p<0.01) compared to total amino acid requirements. There was a linear reduction in feed intake, egg production, egg weight and yolk pigmentation index with increasing inclusion levels of pearl millet. Therefore...

Formulação de rações para poedeiras com base em aminoácidos totais e digestíveis utilizando diferentes estimativas da composição de aminoácidos em alimentos

Filardi, Rosemeire da Silva; Casartelli, Elenice Maria; Junqueira, Otto Mack; Laurentiz, Antonio Carlos de; Assuena, Vinícius; Rodrigues, Eliana Aparecida
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 768-774
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.5%
Foram utilizadas poedeiras comerciais com 27 semanas de idade, distribuídas em delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, em esquema fatorial 3 x 3, com três repetições de seis aves por tratamento. Os fatores consistiram de três métodos de estimativa da composição de aminoácidos em ingredientes (tabelas brasileiras, equações de predição e fator para correção de aminoácido em função do teor de proteína do ingrediente) e três recomendações de aminoácidos, sendo duas de aminoácidos digestíveis e uma de aminoácidos totais. Os métodos de estimativa da composição de aminoácidos nos ingredientes afetaram apenas a conversão alimentar e a espessura de casca, que apresentaram os melhores resultados com a utilização das tabelas brasileiras. Embora as recomendações de aminoácidos tenham determinado diferenças em todos os parâmetros de desempenho, não afetaram a qualidade dos ovos. O desempenho das aves foi prejudicado pelos níveis de aminoácidos digestíveis, entretanto, ambas as recomendações promoveram desempenho semelhante e inferior ao de aminoácidos totais. O pior desempenho das aves alimentadas com as rações formuladas com aminoácidos digestíveis pode ser atribuído à deficiência em nitrogênio para a síntese de aminoácidos não-essenciais...

Efeito de diferentes níveis de energia e de programas de alimentação sobre o desempenho de frangos de corte abatidos tardiamente

Duarte, Karina Ferreira; Junqueira, Otto Mack; Filardi, Rosemeire da Silva; Laurentiz, Antônio Carlos de; Casartelli, Elenice Maria; Assuena, Vinicius; Ribeiro, Pedro de Assunção Pimenta
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1992-1998
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
O experimento foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar diferentes níveis de energia metabolizável e de programas de alimentação sobre o desempenho de frangos de corte no período de 42 a 57 dias de idade. Foram utilizados 1.600 pintos machos da linhagem Cobb, em um delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, em esquema fatorial 2 x 4, composto de dois níveis de energia (3.200 e 3.600 kcal EM/kg) e quatro programas de alimentação (recomendações de aminoácidos). As aves foram alimentadas com ração à base de milho e farelo de soja até os 41 dias de idade, quando foram pesadas, homogeneizadas e separadas por tratamento, dando-se início ao fornecimento das rações experimentais. Foram avaliados dados de ganho de peso, consumo de ração e conversão alimentar ao final de cada período experimental, a conversão calórica e o índice de eficiência produtiva para todo o período experimental. O nível de 3.600 kcal EM/kg melhorou o desempenho das aves, mas o fracionamento das exigências de aminoácidos digestíveis em dois períodos piorou os resultados. O desempenho no período de 50 a 57 dias de idade indicou que o abate tardio deve ser antecipado em uma semana, pois, após os 49 dias de idade, ocorre piora na conversão alimentar.; The experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of different energy levels and feeding programs on performance of broilers from 42 to 57 days of age. One thousand and six hundred 1-d male chicks (Cobb) were assigned to a completely randomized design with 2 x 4 factorial arrangement (two levels of energy: 3...

Energy and amino acid content in phase 1 nursery diet: piglet performance and body chemical composition

Trindade Neto, Messias Alves da; Berto, Dirlei Antonio; Nyachoti, Charles Martin; Schammass, Eliana Aparecida
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1286-1294
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.09%
Avaliaram-se os efeitos da densidade de energia metabolizável (EM) e lisina digestível (LIS) sobre o desempenho e a composição corporal de leitões após o desmame. Utilizaram-se 114 animais desmamados aos 7,4 ± 0,80 kg; desses animais, 108 foram alojados na unidade de creche e 6 foram abatidos no dia do desmame para determinação dos dados comparativos da composição química corporal. Seis densidades de nutrientes foram estipuladas a partir de estudo anterior, com base na maior retenção de nitrogênio, mantendo-se as seguintes relações EM:LIS nas dietas experimentais: 3.390:1,291; 3.450:1,409; 3.650:1,411; 3.780:1,461; 3.940:1,507; e 4.109 kcal/kg EM:1,564% LIS. As dietas experimentais foram oferecidas durante 13 dias, quando os leitões atingiram o peso de 12,986 ± 1,449 kg. Avaliaram-se os prováveis efeitos residuais da densidade nutricional no desempenho subseqüente dos leitões. Ao término da fase inicial-1, seis leitões de cada densidade foram abatidos para determinação da composição química nas frações corporais e no corpo vazio. Não houve influência significativa dos níveis nutricionais no desempenho dos leitões ao término da avaliação. Os resultados de conversão alimentar e composição corporal ratificam o nível indicado em estudo anterior...

Apparent digestibility of protein, energy, and amino acids in some selected feed ingredients for pacu Piaractus mesopotamicus

Abimorad, Eduardo Gianini; Squassoni, G. H.; Carneiro, D. J.
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 374-380
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.37%
The apparent digestibility coefficients (ADCs) of amino acids (AA), protein, and energy in six feed ingredients (Brazilian fish meal, soybean meal, corn gluten meal, alcoholic yeast, corn, and wheat bran) we evaluated for pacu juveniles. In general, all ingredients showed high digestibility values for all AA, and differences among ADCs of individual amino acid were detected (P < 0.01). Corn gluten, soybean, and fish meals had the highest ADCs of AA. The ADCs of protein in fish meal, yeast, and corn gluten meal should not be used as AA digestibility indicators, because those showed differences up to 6.7% between the ADCs of protein and AA. All ingredients had lower ADCs of energy than corn gluten meal (P < 0.01). Lysine was the first limiting amino acid in fish meal, corn gluten meal, wheat bran, and corn, and the second limiting amino acid in soybean meal, as methionine was the first limiting amino acid in soybean meal and yeast. However, the soybean meal was the best quality protein source, as it had the highest digestible essential amino acid index. This demonstrated that digestible amino acid values can be used to formulate practical diets for pacu, preventing potential deficiencies or excess that might cause environmental and economic losses.

Digestibilidade e exigência de aminoácidos para juvenis de pacu, Piaractus mesopotamicus

Abimorad, Eduardo Gianini
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiii, 82 f.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.37%
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Pós-graduação em Aquicultura - FCAV; Neste estudo foram avaliados os coeficientes de digestibilidade aparente (CDA) dos aminoácidos (AA), proteína e energia de seis alimentos utilizados em dietas para o pacu. Os ingredientes apresentaram altos valores de digestibilidade para todos os aminoácidos e diferenças foram detectadas entre os CDA individuais dos aminoácidos dos alimentos (P<0,01). O glúten de milho, o farelo de soja e a farinha de peixe foram os alimentos que apresentaram os maiores CDA para os aminoácidos, mas seus CDA da proteína não devem ser usados como indicativo para a digestibilidade médias dos AA. Dentre os alimentos, o glúten de milho apresentou alto CDA da energia. O escore químico dos alimentos mostrou que a lisina é o primeiro aminoácido limitante para a farinha de peixe, glúten de milho, farelo de trigo e milho e o segundo limitante para o farelo de soja. A metionina apresentou-se como primeiro limitante para o farelo de soja e a levedura. No entanto, o farelo de soja revelou-se a fonte de proteína de melhor qualidade por apresentar o maior índice de aminoácidos essenciais digestíveis (133...

Determination of true digestible amino acids of feedstuffs utilizing cecectomized roosters

Silva,Eliane Aparecida da; Albino,Luiz Fernando Teixeira; Rostagno,Horacio Santiago; Vieira,Rodolfo Alves; Ribeiro Junior,Valdir; Campos,Anastácia Maria de Araújo; Pereira,João Paulo Leles
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
The objective of this study was to estimate the true digestibility coefficients of amino acids and digestible amino acid values of some poultry feedstuffs. The feedstuffs were: babassu meal, sunflower meal, corn gluten meal, babassu starchy meal, meat and bone meal, common beans, pearl millet and residues of cookies, pasta and bread. The precise feeding method of Sibbald was used with adult cecectomized Leghorn roosters distributed in a completely randomized design, consisting of ten treatments and six replications with a rooster in each. The treatments were represented by the feedstuffs evaluated. The roosters were kept in a period of fasting for 36 hours and then fed 30 grams of feed. Samples were collected during 56 hours. Simultaneously, six roosters were kept fasting to make corrections to the metabolic and endogenous losses of amino acids. At the end of collections, the excreta obtained were weighed, freeze-dried and subsequently processed, so laboratory analyses were carried out and the coefficients of true digestibility of amino acids were determined. The mean values of the coefficients of true digestibility of essential and non-essential amino acids in percentage were respectively: 0.702 and 0.652 for the babassu meal; 0.852 and 0.786 for the sunflower meal; 0.928 and 0.887 for the corn gluten meal; 0.797 and 0.720 for the meat and bone meal; 0.364 and 0.339 for ground raw beans; 0.924 and 0.837 for ground pearl millet; 0.839 and 0.810 for cookie residue; 0.929 and 0.914 for pasta residue; and 0.904 and 0.899 for bread residue.

Performance and carcass yield of broilers fed with different digestible amino acid profiles recommended by nutrients requirements tables

Pedroso,AC; Franco,SG; Flemming,JS; Borges,SA; Sillus,PP
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.3%
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of different digestible amino acid profiles on the performance of broilers in two phases: from 1 to 21 days and from 22 to 42 days of age. At the end of the experiment, carcass yield and cut percentages were evaluated. Nine hundred and sixty AgRoss birds were distributed in a randomized block design with four treatments (four digestible amino acid profiles): Rostagno et al. (2000), Baker & Han (1994b), Degussa (1997) and those recommended by AgRoss (2000), with six repetitions and 40 birds per repetition (20 males and 20 females). The results showed that the four diets were able to provide the requirements of the birds, since no significant differences were seen among the treatments on the performance in the two phases and on the carcass yield and cuts at 42 days of age. Males had better yields of feet, head and neck, and lower percentage of abdominal fat (p<0.05). The best cost/benefit ratio was seen for the profile established by Rostagno et al. (2000) when diets were evaluated in an ideal protein situation.

Effect of energy levels of diets formulated on total or digestible amino acid basis on broiler performance

Maiorka,A; Dahlke,F; Santin,E; Kessler,AM; Penz Jr.,AM
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.21%
This study was conducted to evaluate the performance and carcass and breast yields of broilers fed two different energy levels (3,200 or 2,900 kcal ME/kg) and two ways of expressing amino acid requirements (total - TAA or digestible - DAA) between 21 and 42 days of age. The results showed that broilers fed the diet containing 3,200 kcal ME/kg had higher weight gain (P=0.015), better feed conversion (P=0.001), and higher abdominal fat deposition (P=0.001) as compared to those fed the diet containing 2,900 kcal ME/kg. Diets formulated on DAA basis promoted higher weight gain (P=0.043), better feed conversion (P=0.010) and better conversion of ME intake into weight gain (P=0.007) as compared to those formulated on TAA basis. The results of this study suggest that formulation based on DAA is necessary if the diets contain protein sources that are not reliable in terms of amino acid digestibility. The response to formulation based on DAA was minimized when birds received the low energy level diet (2,900 kcal ME/kg).

Diets formulated on total or digestible amino acid basis with different energy levels and physical form on broiler performance

Maiorka,A; Dahlke,F; Penz,AM; Kessler,AM
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
We studied the effects of two different systems of expressing amino acid requirements (total - TAA or digestible - DAA), two energy levels (2,900 or 3,200 kcal of ME/kg) and two physical forms (mash or pellet) on the performance of male broilers from 21 to 42 d of age. Diets formulated on DAA basis improved feed conversion (p<0.001) and the conversion of consumed ME into body weight gain (p<0.001). Birds fed 3,200 kcal ME/kg presented better feed conversion (p<0.001), higher abdominal fat deposition (p<0.001) and worse conversion of consumed ME into body weight gain (p<0.001) as compared to birds fed 2,900 kcal ME/kg. Birds fed pelleted feed had higher feed intake (p<0.001), higher weight gain (p<0.001), better feed conversion (p<0.001), better conversion of consumed ME into body weight gain (p<0.001) and higher abdominal fat deposition (p<0.001). The results obtained in the present study suggest that feed formulation based on DAA is required when diets contain protein sources which amino acid digestibility is unreliable. Besides, pelleted feed improves performance parameters of broilers.

Pearl millet utilization in ccommercial laying hen diets formulated on a total or digestible amino acid basis

Filardi,RS; Junqueira,OM; Casartelli,EM; Laurentiz,AC; Duarte,KF; Assuena,V
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.42%
An experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of replacing corn with pearl millet in commercial layer diets, formulated according to the minimal requirements for total and digestible amino acids. Two hundred and forty Lohmann LSL laying hens with 25 weeks of age were distributed in a completely randomized experimental design according to a 2 x 5 factorial arrangement with 3 replicates of 8 birds. Feed was formulated on two amino acid basis (total or digestible) according to Rostagno et al. (2000) and there were five pearl millet inclusion levels (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100%). Performance and egg quality were evaluated during five periods of 21 days.At the end of each period, feed intake, egg production, egg weight and feed conversion were evaluated. In the last three days of each period, the following egg quality parameters were evaluated: Haugh Unit, yolk pigmentation index, egg specific weight, shell percentage and shell thickness. Digestible amino acid requirements resulted in decreased feed intake (p<0.01) and increased production costs per mass of eggs (kg) or per dozen eggs (p<0.01) compared to total amino acid requirements. There was a linear reduction in feed intake, egg production, egg weight and yolk pigmentation index with increasing inclusion levels of pearl millet. Therefore...

Ingredient classification according to the digestible amino acid profile: an exploratory analysis

Faria Filho,DE; Torres,KAA; Campos,DMB; Vieira,BS; Urbano,T; Rosa,PS; Ferraudo,AS
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
This study aimed: 1) to classify ingredients according to the digestible amino acid (AA) profile; 2) to determine ingredients with AA profile closer to the ideal for broiler chickens; and 3) to compare digestible AA profiles from simulated diets with the ideal protein profile. The digestible AA levels of 30 ingredients were compiled from the literature and presented as percentages of lysine according to the ideal protein concept. Cluster and principal component analyses (exploratory analyses) were used to compose and describe groups of ingredients according to AA profiles. Four ingredient groups were identified by cluster analysis, and the classification of the ingredients within each of these groups was obtained from a principal component analysis, showing 11 classes of ingredients with similar digestible AA profiles. The ingredients with AA profiles closer to the ideal protein were meat and bone meal 45, fish meal 60 and wheat germ meal, all of them constituting Class 1; the ingredients from the other classes gradually diverged from the ideal protein. Soybean meal, which is the main protein source for poultry, showed good AA balance since it was included in Class 3. On the contrary, corn, which is the main energy source in poultry diets...

Digestible lysine levels in semi-heavy laying hens in the period from 28 to 44 weeks of age

Santos,Tiago Antônio dos; Geraldo,Adriano; Machado,Luiz Carlos; Gonçalves,Rogério Amaro; Pelícia,Kléber; Simão,Sérgio Domingos
Fonte: Editora da Universidade Estadual de Maringá - EDUEM Publicador: Editora da Universidade Estadual de Maringá - EDUEM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.35%
This study aimed to evaluate the performance of laying hens subjected to heavy semi-low crude protein (14.0%) and lysine levels while maintaining the same relation of digestible amino acid/ digestible lysine. A commercial line of 420 Isa Brown laying hens, in the period from 28 to 44 weeks of age, were distributed in 42 experimental plots. A completely randomized design with six treatments and seven replicates in four periods of 28 days/each was used. The treatments were: Control - Formulated according to the nutritional requirements proposed in the strain, containing 16.92% crude protein, 0.750% digestible lysine. Treatments 1 to 5, with crude protein levels of 14% and 0.600% of digestible lysine, 0.675%, 0.750%, 0.825% and 0.900%, respectively. The requirement of lysine, in relation to other digestible amino acids, can be estimated at 0.750% in diet with 14% crude protein, which corresponds to the average daily intake of 876 mg lysine dig. hen-1 day-1, without compromising the performance of hens.

Níveis de triptofano digestível nas fases pré-inicial e inicial em frangos machos e fêmeas; Digestible tryptophan levels on pre starters and starter phase in males and females broilers

Borges, Bruno Samuel
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciência Animal (EVZ); Escola de Veterinária e Zootecnia - EVZ (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciência Animal (EVZ); Escola de Veterinária e Zootecnia - EVZ (RG)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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We aimed to evaluate digestible tryptophan level in males and females broilers on pre-initial (one to seven days old) and initial phase (eight to 21 days old) diets. Four experiments were conducted, one with males on pre-initial phase, one with males on initial phase, another with females on pre-initial and one with females on initial phase. The design was completely randomized with four treatments, five replicates with ten animals each, where each repetition consists an experimental unit. In the experiment, tryptophan requirement was determined using diets with different digestible tryptophan levels. A deficient tryptophan diet was formulated, considered the basal diet, which was supplemented with L -tryptophan replacing inert material in order to achieve digestible tryptophan desirable levels. The treatments of experiment 1 consisted of: T1 - 0.209% digestible tryptophan diet (basal diet); T2 - 0.223% digestible tryptophan diet; T3 - 0.235% digestible tryptophan diet; T4 - 0.248% digestible tryptophan diet for male broilers in preinitial phase; Treatments for experiment 2 were: T1 - 0.187% digestible tryptophan diet (basal diet); T2 - 0.200% digestible tryptophan diet; T3 - 0.211% digestible tryptophan diet; T4 - 0.223% digestible tryptophan diet for male broilers on initial phase; Treatments for experiment 3 are: T1 - 0.212% digestible tryptophan diet (basal diet); T2 - 0.225% digestible tryptophan diet; T3 - 0.238% digestible tryptophan diet; T4 - 0.252% digestible tryptophan diet for female chickens cut i n pre-starter; Treatments for experiment 4 are: T1 - diets with 0.186% digestible tryptophan (basal diet); T2 - diet with 0.198% digestible tryptophan; T3 - diet with 0.209% digestible tryptophan; T4 - diet with 0.221% digestible tryptophan for female broiler chickens on initial phase. Diets were formulated with corn...

Redu??o da prote?na bruta e suplementa??o de amino?cidos das dietas na produ??o de frangos de corte; Reduction of crude protein and amino acid supplementation of diets in the production of broilers

Carvalho, H?lio Beirigo
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.54%
Este trabalho foi realizado para avaliar o efeito da formula??o de dietas que consideram o atendimento das exig?ncias de prote?na bruta, dietas com redu??o dos valores de prote?na bruta e atendimento das exig?ncias de amino?cidos digest?veis e dietas com atendimento das exig?ncias de amino?cidos sobre os par?metros de desempenho, consumo de energia, prote?na, amino?cidos, rendimento de carca?a e cortes, empenamento e custos na produ??o de frangos de corte nas diferentes fases de cria??o. Foram realizados cinco experimentos, conduzidos no setor de Avicultura da UFVJM, no Campus JK, em Diamantina ? MG. As aves usadas nos experimentos foram todas machos, da linhagem Cobb 500. No total, foram usadas 2.430 aves e consideradas as fases de 1 a 7, 8 a 21, 22 a 35, 36 a 42 e 42 a 49 dias de idade. Em todos os experimentos, as aves foram distribu?das segundo um delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado, com seis tratamentos (T1 ? Dieta-controle formulada de acordo com recomenda??es das Tabelas Brasileiras para aves e su?nos (2011) para atender prote?na bruta e amino?cidos digest?veis; T2 ? Dieta com 5% de redu??o da prote?na bruta da dieta-controle; T3 - Dieta com 10% de redu??o da prote?na bruta da dieta-controle; T4 - Dieta com 15% de redu??o da prote?na bruta da dieta-controle; T5 - Dieta formulada para atender as exig?ncias de amino?cidos digest?veis da dieta-controle com o valor da prote?na bruta livre; T6 - Dieta formulada para atender o valor da prote?na bruta da dieta-controle deixando livre o atendimento dos amino?cidos digest?veis. Na fase de 42 a 49 dias foram utilizadas tr?s repeti??es...